08-ACL and QoS Command Reference

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01-ACL commands
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ACL commands

acl

Use acl to create an ACL and enter its view, or enter the view of an existing ACL.

Use undo acl to delete the specified or all ACLs.

Syntax

Command set 1:

acl [ ipv6 ] number acl-number [ name acl-name ] [ match-order { auto | config } ]

undo acl [ ipv6 ] number acl-number

Command set 2:

acl [ ipv6 ] { advanced | basic } { acl-number | name acl-name } [ match-order { auto | config } ]

acl mac { acl-number | name acl-name } [ match-order { auto | config } ]

acl user-defined { acl-number | name acl-name }

undo acl [ ipv6 ] { all | { advanced | basic } { acl-number | name acl-name } }

undo acl mac { all | acl-number | name acl-name }

undo acl user-defined { all | acl-number | name acl-name }

Default

No ACLs exist.

Views

System view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

Parameters

ipv6: Specifies the IPv6 ACL type. To specify the IPv4 ACL type, do not use this keyword.

basic: Specifies the basic ACL type.

advanced: Specifies the advanced ACL type.

mac: Specifies the Layer 2 ACL type.

user-defined: Specifies the user-defined ACL type.

number acl-number: Assigns a number to the ACL. The following are available value ranges:

·     2000 to 2999 for basic ACLs.

·     3000 to 3999 for advanced ACLs.

·     4000 to 4999 for Layer 2 ACLs.

·     5000 to 5999 for user-defined ACLs.

name acl-name: Assigns a name to the ACL. The acl-name argument is a case-insensitive string of 1 to 63 characters. It must start with an English letter and to avoid confusion, it cannot be all.

match-order: Specifies the order in which ACL rules are compared against packets.

auto: Compares ACL rules in depth-first order.

config: Compares ACL rules in ascending order of rule ID. The rule with a smaller ID has a higher priority. If you do not specify a match order, the config order applies by default. The match order for the user-defined ACL can only be config.

all: Specifies all ACLs of the specified type.

Usage guidelines

If you create a numbered ACL, you can enter the view of the ACL by using either of the following commands:

·     The acl [ ipv6 ] number acl-number command.

·     The acl { [ ipv6 ] { advanced | basic } | mac | user-defined } acl-number command.

If you create a ACL by using the acl [ ipv6 ] number acl-number name acl-name command, you can enter the view of the ACL by using either of the following commands:

·     acl [ ipv6 ] name acl-name (for only basic ACLs and advanced ACLs).

·     acl [ ipv6 ] number acl-number [ name acl-name ].

·     acl { [ ipv6 ] { advanced | basic } | mac | user-defined } name acl-name.

If you create a named non-WLAN ACL by using the acl { [ ipv6 ] { advanced | basic } | mac | user-defined } name acl-name command, you can enter the view of the ACL by using either of the following commands:

·     acl [ ipv6 ] name acl-name (for only basic ACLs and advanced ACLs).

·     acl { [ ipv6 ] { advanced | basic } | mac | user-defined } name acl-name.

You can change the match order only for ACLs that do not contain any rules.

Matching packets are forwarded through slow forwarding if an ACL rule contains match criteria or has functions enabled in addition to the following match criteria and functions:

·     Source and destination IP addresses.

·     Source and destination ports.

·     Transport layer protocol.

·     ICMP or ICMPv6 message type, message code, and message name.

·     VPN instance.

·     Logging.

·     Time range.

Slow forwarding requires packets to be sent to the control plane for forwarding entry calculation, which affects the device forwarding performance.

Examples

# Create IPv4 basic ACL 2000 and enter its view.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] acl basic 2000

[Sysname-acl-ipv4-basic-2000]

# Create IPv4 basic ACL flow and enter its view.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] acl basic name flow

[Sysname-acl-ipv4-basic-flow]

# Create IPv4 advanced ACL 3000 and enter its view.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] acl advanced 3000

[Sysname-acl-ipv4-adv-3000]

# Create IPv6 basic ACL 2000 and enter its view.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] acl ipv6 basic 2000

[Sysname-acl-ipv6-basic-2000]

# Create IPv6 basic ACL flow and enter its view.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] acl ipv6 basic name flow

[Sysname-acl-ipv6-basic-flow]

# Create IPv6 advanced ACL abc and enter its view.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] acl ipv6 advanced name abc

[Sysname-acl-ipv6-adv-abc]

# Create Layer 2 ACL 4000 and enter its view.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] acl mac 4000

[Sysname-acl-mac-4000]

# Create Layer 2 ACL flow and enter its view.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] acl mac name flow

[Sysname-acl-mac-flow]

# Create user-defined ACL 5000 and enter its view.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] acl user-defined 5000

[Sysname-acl-user-5000]

# Create user-defined ACL flow and enter its view.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] acl user-defined name flow

[Sysname-acl-user-flow]

Related commands

display acl

acl copy

Use acl copy to create an ACL by copying an ACL that already exists.

Syntax

acl [ ipv6 | mac | user-defined ] copy { source-acl-number | name source-acl-name } to { dest-acl-number | name dest-acl-name }

Views

System view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

Parameters

ipv6: Specifies the IPv6 ACL type.

mac: Specifies the Layer 2 ACL type.

user-defined: Specifies the user-defined ACL type.

source-acl-number: Specifies an existing source ACL by its number. The following are available value ranges:

·     2000 to 2999 for basic ACLs.

·     3000 to 3999 for advanced ACLs.

·     4000 to 4999 for Layer 2 ACLs.

·     5000 to 5999 for user-defined ACLs.

name source-acl-name: Specifies an existing source ACL by its name. The source-acl-name argument is a case-insensitive string of 1 to 63 characters.

dest-acl-number: Assigns a unique number to the new ACL. The following are available value ranges:

·     2000 to 2999 for basic ACLs.

·     3000 to 3999 for advanced ACLs.

·     4000 to 4999 for Layer 2 ACLs.

·     5000 to 5999 for user-defined ACLs.

name dest-acl-name: Assigns a unique name to the new ACL. The dest-acl-name argument is a case-insensitive string of 1 to 63 characters. It must start with an English letter and to avoid confusion, it cannot be all.

Usage guidelines

The new ACL and the source ACL must be the same type.

When specifying an ACL by its number, follow these rules:

·     To specify an IPv6 ACL, you must specify both its ACL number and the ipv6 keyword.

·     To specify a Layer 2 ACL, you can specify its ACL number without the mac keyword.

·     To specify a user-defined ACL, you can specify its ACL number without the user-defined keyword.

To specify an IPv6 ACL, Layer 2 ACL, or user-defined ACL by a name, you must specify both the ACL name and the ipv6, mac, or user-defined keyword.

The new ACL has the same properties and content as the source ACL, but uses a different number or name from the source ACL.

Examples

# Create IPv4 basic ACL 2002 by copying IPv4 basic ACL 2001.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] acl copy 2001 to 2002

# Create IPv4 basic ACL paste by copying IPv4 basic ACL test.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] acl copy name test to name paste

acl logging interval

Use acl logging interval to enable logging for packet filtering and set the interval.

Use undo acl logging interval to restore the default.

Syntax

acl logging interval interval

undo acl logging interval

Default

The interval is 0. The device does not generate log entries for packet filtering.

Views

System view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

Parameters

interval: Specifies the interval at which log entries are generated and output. It must be a multiple of 5, in the range of 0 to 1440 minutes. To disable the logging, set the value to 0.

Usage guidelines

The logging feature is available for IPv4 or IPv6 ACL rules that have the logging keyword.

You can configure the ACL module to generate log entries for packet filtering and output them to the information center at the output interval. The log entry records the number of matching packets and the matched ACL rules. When the first packet of a flow matches an ACL rule, the output interval starts, and the device immediately outputs a log entry for this packet. When the output interval ends, the device outputs a log entry for subsequent matching packets of the flow. For more information about the information center, see Network Management and Monitoring Configuration Guide.

Examples

# Configure the device to generate and output packet filtering log entries every 10 minutes.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] acl logging interval 10

Related commands

rule (IPv4 advanced ACL view)

rule (IPv4 basic ACL view)

rule (IPv6 advanced ACL view)

rule (IPv6 basic ACL view)

acl trap interval

Use acl trap interval to enable SNMP notifications for packet filtering and set the interval.

Use undo acl interval to restore the default.

Syntax

acl trap interval interval

undo acl trap interval

Default

The interval is 0. The device does not generate SNMP notifications for packet filtering.

Views

System view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

Parameters

interval: Specifies the interval at which SNMP notifications are generated and output. It must be a multiple of 5, in the range of 0 to 1440 minutes. To disable SNMP notifications, set the value to 0.

Usage guidelines

The SNMP notifications feature is available for IPv4 or IPv6 ACL rules that have the logging keyword.

You can configure the ACL module to generate SNMP notifications for packet filtering and output them to the SNMP module at the output interval. The notification records the number of matching packets and the matched ACL rules. When the first packet of a flow matches an ACL rule, the output interval starts, and the device immediately outputs a notification for this packet. When the output interval ends, the device outputs a notification for subsequent matching packets of the flow. For more information about SNMP, see Network Management and Monitoring Configuration Guide.

Examples

# Configure the device to generate and output packet filtering SNMP notifications every 10 minutes.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] acl trap interval 10

Related commands

rule (IPv4 advanced ACL view)

rule (IPv4 basic ACL view)

rule (IPv6 advanced ACL view)

rule (IPv6 basic ACL view)

description

Use description to configure a description for an ACL.

Use undo description to delete an ACL description.

Syntax

description text

undo description

Default

An ACL does not have a description.

Views

IPv4 basic/advanced ACL view

IPv6 basic/advanced ACL view

Layer 2 ACL view

User-defined ACL view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

Parameters

text: Specifies a description, a case-sensitive string of 1 to 127 characters.

Examples

# Configure a description for IPv4 basic ACL 2000.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] acl basic 2000

[Sysname-acl-ipv4-basic-2000] description This is an IPv4 basic ACL.

Related commands

display acl

display acl

Use display acl to display ACL configuration and match statistics.

Syntax

display acl [ ipv6 | mac | user-defined ] { acl-number | all | name acl-name }

Views

Any view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

network-operator

Parameters

ipv6: Specifies the IPv6 ACL type.

mac: Specifies the Layer 2 ACL type.

user-defined: Specifies the user-defined ACL type.

acl-number: Specifies an ACL by its number. The following are available value ranges:

·     2000 to 2999 for basic ACLs.

·     3000 to 3999 for advanced ACLs.

·     4000 to 4999 for Layer 2 ACLs.

·     5000 to 5999 for user-defined ACLs.

all: Specifies all ACLs of the specified type.

name acl-name: Specifies an ACL by its name. The acl-name argument is a case-insensitive string of 1 to 63 characters.

Usage guidelines

This command displays ACL rules in config or auto order, whichever is configured.

To specify the IPv4 ACL type, do not specify the ipv6, mac, or user-defined keyword.

Examples

# Display configuration and match statistics for IPv4 basic ACL 2001.

<Sysname> display acl 2001

Basic IPv4 ACL 2001, 1 rule, match-order is auto,

This is an IPv4 basic ACL.

ACL's step is 5, start ID is 0

 rule 5 permit source 1.1.1.1 0

 rule 5 comment This rule is used on Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/1.

Table 1 Command output

Field

Description

Basic IPv4 ACL 2001

Type and number of the ACL. The following field information is about IPv4 basic ACL 2001.

1 rule

The ACL contains one rule.

match-order is auto

The match order for the ACL is auto, which sorts ACL rules in depth-first order. This field is not displayed when the match order is config.

This is an IPv4 basic ACL.

Description of the ACL.

ACL's step is 5

The rule numbering step is 5.

start ID is 0

The start rule ID is 0.

rule 5 permit source 1.1.1.1 0

Content of rule 5. The rule permits packets sourced from the IP address 1.1.1.1.

rule 5 comment This rule is used on Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/1.

Comment of rule 5.

display packet-filter

Use display packet-filter to display ACL application information for packet filtering.

Syntax

display packet-filter { interface [ interface-type interface-number ] | l2vpn-ac [ interface interface-type interface-number [ service-instance instance-id ] ] | vlan-interface } [ inbound | outbound ] [ slot slot-number  ]

Views

Any view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

network-operator

Parameters

interface [ interface-type interface-number ]: Specifies an interface by its type and number. If you do not specify an interface, this command displays ACL application information for packet filtering on all interfaces.  If you specify an Ethernet interface, you do not need to specify the slot slot-number option.

l2vpn-ac [ interface interface-type interface-number [ service-instance instance-id ] ]: Specifies an Ethernet service instance on an interface. The interface-type interface-number argument represents the interface type and number. The instance-id argument represents the ID of the Ethernet service instance, in the range of 1 to 4096. If you do not specify an interface, this command displays ACL application information for all Ethernet service instances on all interfaces. If you specify an interface but do not specify an Ethernet service instance, this command displays ACL application information for all Ethernet service instances on the specified interface.

vlan-interface: Specifies the list of VLAN interfaces specified in the packet-filter vlan-interface command.

inbound: Specifies the inbound direction.

outbound: Specifies the outbound direction.

slot slot-number: Specifies an IRF member device by its member ID. If you do not specify a member device, this command displays ACL application information for packet filtering for the master device.

Usage guidelines

If neither the inbound keyword nor the outbound keyword is specified, this command displays ACL application information for packet filtering in both directions.

Examples

# Display ACL application information for inbound packet filtering on interface Twenty-FiveGigE 1/0/1.

<Sysname> display packet-filter interface twenty-fivegige 1/0/1 inbound

Interface: Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/1

 Inbound policy:

  IPv4 ACL 2001 Vxlan-inner, Share-mode

  IPv6 ACL 2002 (Failed)

  MAC ACL 4003

# Display ACL application information for inbound and outbound packet filtering on the list of VLAN interfaces.

<Sysname> display packet-filter vlan-interface

VLAN interface : 2 to 5

Inbound policy:

IPv4 ACL 2001

IPv4 default action: Deny (Failed)

VLAN interface : 2 to 5

Outbound policy:

 MAC ACL 4001, Hardware-count

 MAC default action: Deny

# Display ACL application information for inbound packet filtering on Ethernet service instance 1 of Twenty-FiveGigE 1/0/1.

<Sysname> display packet-filter l2vpn-ac interface twenty-fivegige 1/0/1 service-instance 1 inbound

Interface: Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/1  Service Instance ID: 1

 Inbound policy:

  IPv4 ACL 2001

  IPv6 ACL 2002 (Failed)

  MAC ACL 4003, Hardware-count (Failed)

Table 2 Command output

Field

Description

Interface

Interface to which the ACL applies.

VLAN interface

List of VLAN interfaces specified in the packet-filter vlan-interface command.

Interface: Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/1  Service Instance ID: 1

Ethernet service instance to which the ACL applies. Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/1 is the interface where the Ethernet service instance resides.

Inbound policy

ACL used for filtering incoming traffic.

Outbound policy

ACL used for filtering outgoing traffic.

IPv4 ACL 2001

IPv4 basic ACL 2001 has been successfully applied.

IPv6 ACL 2002 (Failed)

The device has failed to apply IPv6 basic ACL 2002.

Vxlan-inner

Inner header match criterion for VXLAN packets.

Share-mode

Sharing mode for QoS and ACL resources.

This field appears in the command output only if an ACL is applied with the share-mode keyword.

Hardware-count

ACL rule match counting in hardware has been successfully enabled.

Hardware-count (Failed)

The device has failed to enable counting ACL rule matches in hardware.

IPv4 default action

Packet filter default action for packets that do not match any IPv4 ACLs:

·     Deny—The default action deny has been successfully applied for packet filtering.

·     Deny (Failed)—The device has failed to apply the default action deny for packet filtering. The action permit still functions.

·     Permit—The default action permit has been successfully applied for packet filtering.

·     Hardware-count—The hardware-count feature has been successfully applied for the default action for packet filtering.

·     Hardware-count (Failed)—The device has failed to apply the hardware-count feature for the packet filtering default action.

IPv6 default action

Packet filter default action for packets that do not match any IPv6 ACLs:

·     Deny—The default action deny has been successfully applied for packet filtering.

·     Deny (Failed)—The device has failed to apply the default action deny for packet filtering. The action permit still functions.

·     Permit—The default action permit has been successfully applied for packet filtering.

·     Hardware-count—The hardware-count feature has been successfully applied for the default action for packet filtering.

·     Hardware-count (Failed)—The device has failed to apply the hardware-count feature for the packet filtering default action.

MAC default action

Packet filter default action for packets that do not match any Layer 2 ACLs:

·     Deny—The default action deny has been successfully applied for packet filtering.

·     Deny (Failed)—The device has failed to apply the default action deny for packet filtering. The action permit still functions.

·     Permit—The default action permit has been successfully applied for packet filtering.

·     Hardware-count—The hardware-count feature has been successfully applied for the default action for packet filtering.

·     Hardware-count (Failed)—The device has failed to apply the hardware-count feature for the packet filtering default action.

display packet-filter statistics

Use display packet-filter statistics to display packet filtering statistics.

Syntax

display packet-filter statistics { interface interface-type interface-number | l2vpn-ac interface interface-type interface-number service-instance instance-id | vlan-interface } { inbound | outbound } [ default | [ ipv6 | mac | user-defined ] { acl-number | name acl-name } ] [ brief ]

Views

Any view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

network-operator

Parameters

interface interface-type interface-number: Specifies an interface by its type and number.

l2vpn-ac interface interface-type interface-number service-instance instance-id: Specifies an Ethernet service instance on an interface. The interface-type interface-number argument represents the interface type and number. The instance-id argument represents the ID of the Ethernet service instance, in the range of 1 to 4096.

vlan-interface: Specifies the list of VLAN interfaces specified in the packet-filter vlan-interface command.

inbound: Specifies the inbound direction.

outbound: Specifies the outbound direction.

default: Displays the default action statistics for packet filtering.

ipv6: Specifies the IPv6 ACL type.

mac: Specifies the Layer 2 ACL type.

user-defined: Specifies the user-defined ACL type.

acl-number: Specifies an ACL by its number. The following are available value ranges:

·     2000 to 2999 for basic ACLs.

·     3000 to 3999 for advanced ACLs.

·     4000 to 4999 for Layer 2 ACLs.

·     5000 to 5999 for user-defined ACLs.

name acl-name: Specifies an ACL by its name. The acl-name argument is a case-insensitive string of 1 to 63 characters.

brief: Displays brief statistics.

Usage guidelines

If default, acl-number, name acl-name, ipv6, mac, or user-defined is not specified, this command displays packet filtering statistics for all ACLs.

Examples

# Display packet filtering statistics for all ACLs on incoming packets of Twenty-FiveGigE 1/0/1.

<Sysname> display packet-filter statistics interface twenty-fivegige 1/0/1 inbound

Interface: Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/1

 Inbound policy:

  IPv4 ACL 2001, Hardware-count

   From 2011-06-04 10:25:21 to 2011-06-04 10:35:57

   rule 0 permit source 2.2.2.2 0 (2 packets)

   rule 5 permit source 1.1.1.1 0 (Failed)

   rule 10 permit vpn-instance test (No resource)

   Totally 2 packets permitted, 0 packets denied

   Totally 100% permitted, 0% denied

 

  IPv6 ACL 2000

 

  MAC ACL 4000

   rule 0 permit

 

  IPv4 default action: Deny

   From 2011-06-04 10:25:21 to 2011-06-04 10:35:57

   Totally 7 packets

 

  IPv6 default action: Deny

   From 2011-06-04 10:25:41 to 2011-06-04 10:35:57

   Totally 0 packets

  MAC default action: Deny

   From 2011-06-04 10:25:34 to 2011-06-04 10:35:57

   Totally 0 packets

# Display packet filtering statistics for ACL 3000 on incoming packets of the list of VLAN interfaces.

<Sysname> display packet-filter statistics vlan-interface inbound 3000

VLAN interface: 2 to 10

Inbound policy:

 IPv4 ACL 3000, Hardware-count (Failed)

 From 2011-06-04 10:25:34 to 2011-06-04 10:35:57

 rule 0 permit source 2.2.2.2 0

 rule 5 permit source 1.1.1.1 0 counting (2 packets)

 rule 10 permit vpn-instance test

Totally 2 packets permitted, 0 packets denied

Totally 100% permitted, 0% denied

# Display packet filtering statistics for all ACLs on incoming packets on Ethernet service instance 1 of Twenty-FiveGigE 1/0/1.

<Sysname> display packet-filter statistics l2vpn-ac interface twenty-fivegige 1/0/1 service-instance 1 inbound

Interface: Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/1  Service Instance ID: 1

 Inbound policy:

  IPv4 ACL 2001, Hardware-count

   From 2011-06-04 10:25:21 to 2011-06-04 10:35:57

   rule 0 permit source 2.2.2.2 0 (2 packets)

   rule 5 permit source 1.1.1.1 0 (Failed)

   rule 10 permit vpn-instance test (No resource)

   Totally 2 packets permitted, 0 packets denied

   Totally 100% permitted, 0% denied

 

  MAC ACL 4000

   From 2011-06-04 10:25:34 to 2011-06-04 10:35:57

   rule 0 permit

 

  IPv6 ACL 2000

Table 3 Command output

Field

Description

Interface

Interface to which the ACL applies.

VLAN interface

List of VLAN interfaces specified in the packet-filter vlan-interface command.

Interface: Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/1  Service Instance ID: 1

Ethernet service instance to which the ACL applies. Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/1 is the interface where the Ethernet service instance resides.

Inbound policy

ACL used for filtering incoming traffic.

Outbound policy

ACL used for filtering outgoing traffic.

IPv4 ACL 2001

IPv4 basic ACL 2001 has been successfully applied.

IPv4 ACL 2002 (Failed)

The device has failed to apply IPv4 basic ACL 2002.

Hardware-count

ACL rule match counting in hardware has been successfully enabled.

Hardware-count (Failed)

The device has failed to enable counting ACL rule matches in hardware.

From 2011-06-04 10:25:21 to 2011-06-04 10:35:57

Start time and end time of the statistics.

2 packets

Two packets matched the rule.

This field is not displayed when no packets matched the rule.

No resource

Resources are not enough for counting matches for the rule. In packet filtering statistics, this field is displayed for a rule when resources are not sufficient for rule match counting.

rule 5 permit source 1.1.1.1 0 (Failed)

The device has failed to apply rule 5.

Totally 2 packets permitted, 0 packets denied

Number of packets permitted and denied by the ACL.

Totally 100% permitted, 0% denied

Ratios of permitted and denied packets to all packets.

IPv4 default action

Packet filter default action for packets that do not match any IPv4 ACLs:

·     Deny—The default action deny has been successfully applied for packet filtering.

·     Deny (Failed)—The device has failed to apply the default action deny for packet filtering. The action permit still functions.

·     Permit—The default action permit has been successfully applied for packet filtering.

·     Hardware-count—The hardware-count feature has been successfully applied for the default action for packet filtering.

·     Hardware-count (Failed)—The device has failed to apply the hardware-count feature for the packet filtering default action.

IPv6 default action

Packet filter default action for packets that do not match any IPv6 ACLs:

·     Deny—The default action deny has been successfully applied for packet filtering.

·     Deny (Failed)—The device has failed to apply the default action deny for packet filtering. The action permit still functions.

·     Permit—The default action permit has been successfully applied for packet filtering.

·     Hardware-count—The hardware-count feature has been successfully applied for the default action for packet filtering.

·     Hardware-count (Failed)—The device has failed to apply the hardware-count feature for the packet filtering default action.

MAC default action

Packet filter default action for packets that do not match any Layer 2 ACLs:

·     Deny—The default action deny has been successfully applied for packet filtering.

·     Deny (Failed)—The device has failed to apply the default action deny for packet filtering. The action permit still functions.

·     Permit—The default action permit has been successfully applied for packet filtering.

·     Hardware-count—The hardware-count feature has been successfully applied for the default action for packet filtering.

·     Hardware-count (Failed)—The device has failed to apply the hardware-count feature for the packet filtering default action.

Totally 7 packets

The default action has been executed on seven packets.

Related commands

reset packet-filter statistics

display packet-filter statistics sum

Use display packet-filter statistics sum to display accumulated packet filtering statistics for an ACL.

Syntax

display packet-filter statistics sum { inbound | outbound } [ ipv6 | mac | user-defined ] { acl-number | name acl-name } [ brief ]

Views

Any view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

network-operator

Parameters

inbound: Specifies the inbound direction.

outbound: Specifies the outbound direction.

ipv6: Specifies the IPv6 ACL type.

mac: Specifies the Layer 2 ACL type.

user-defined: Specifies the user-defined ACL type.

acl-number: Specifies an ACL by its number. The following are available value ranges:

·     2000 to 2999 for basic ACLs.

·     3000 to 3999 for advanced ACLs.

·     4000 to 4999 for Layer 2 ACLs.

·     5000 to 5999 for user-defined ACLs.

name acl-name: Specifies an ACL by its name. The acl-name argument is a case-insensitive string of 1 to 63 characters.

brief: Displays brief statistics.

Usage guidelines

To specify the IPv4 ACL type, do not specify the ipv6, mac, or user-defined keyword.

Examples

# Display accumulated packet filtering statistics for IPv4 basic ACL 2001 on incoming packets.

<Sysname> display packet-filter statistics sum inbound 2001

Sum:

 Inbound policy:

  IPv4 ACL 2001

   rule 0 permit source 2.2.2.2 0 (2 packets)

   rule 5 permit source 1.1.1.1 0

   rule 10 permit vpn-instance test

   Totally 2 packets permitted, 0 packets denied

   Totally 100% permitted, 0% denied

# Display brief accumulated packet filtering statistics for IPv4 basic ACL 2000 on incoming packets.

<Sysname> display packet-filter statistics sum inbound 2000 brief

Sum:

 Inbound policy:

  IPv4 ACL 2000

   Totally 2 packets permitted, 0 packets denied

   Totally 100% permitted, 0% denied

Table 4 Command output

Field

Description

Sum

Accumulated packet filtering statistics.

Inbound policy

Accumulated packet filtering statistics in the inbound direction.

Outbound policy

Accumulated packet filtering statistics in the outbound direction.

IPv4 ACL 2001

Accumulated packet filtering statistics of IPv4 basic ACL 2001.

2 packets

Two packets matched the rule.

This field is not displayed when no packets matched the rule.

Totally 2 packets permitted, 0 packets denied

Number of packets permitted and denied by the ACL.

Totally 100% permitted, 0% denied

Ratios of permitted and denied packets to all packets.

Related commands

reset packet-filter statistics

display packet-filter verbose

Use display packet-filter verbose to display ACL application details for packet filtering.

Syntax

display packet-filter verbose { interface interface-type interface-number | l2vpn-ac interface interface-type interface-number service-instance instance-id | vlan-interface } { inbound | outbound } [ [ ipv6 | mac | user-defined ] { acl-number | name acl-name } ] [ slot slot-number ]

Views

Any view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

network-operator

Parameters

interface interface-type interface-number: Specifies an interface by its type and number. The slot slot-number option is not available for an Ethernet interface.

l2vpn-ac interface interface-type interface-number service-instance instance-id: Specifies an Ethernet service instance on an interface. The interface-type interface-number argument represents the interface type and number. The instance-id argument represents the ID of the Ethernet service instance, in the range of 1 to 4096.

vlan-interface: Specifies the list of VLAN interfaces specified in the packet-filter vlan-interface command.

inbound: Specifies the inbound direction.

outbound: Specifies the outbound direction.

ipv6: Specifies the IPv6 ACL type.

mac: Specifies the Layer 2 ACL type.

user-defined: Specifies the user-defined ACL type.

acl-number: Specifies an ACL by its number. The following are available value ranges:

·     2000 to 2999 for basic ACLs.

·     3000 to 3999 for advanced ACLs.

·     4000 to 4999 for Layer 2 ACLs.

·     5000 to 5999 for user-defined ACLs.

name acl-name: Specifies an ACL by its name. The acl-name argument is a case-insensitive string of 1 to 63 characters.

slot slot-number: Specifies an IRF member device by its member ID. If you do not specify a member device, this command displays ACL application details for packet filtering for the master device.

Usage guidelines

If acl-number, name acl-name, ipv6, mac, or user-defined is not specified, this command displays application details of all ACLs for packet filtering.

Examples

# Display application details of all ACLs for inbound packet filtering on Twenty-FiveGigE 1/0/1.

<Sysname> display packet-filter verbose interface twenty-fivegige 1/0/1 inbound

Interface: Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/1

 Inbound policy:

  IPv4 ACL 2001

   rule 0 permit

   rule 5 permit source 1.1.1.1 0 (Failed)

   rule 10 permit vpn-instance test (Failed)

 

  IPv6 ACL 2000

   rule 0 permit

 

  MAC ACL 4000

 

  IPv4 default action: Deny

 

  IPv6 default action: Deny, Hardware-count (Failed)

 

  MAC default action: Deny

# Display application details of the ACL for inbound packet filtering on the list of VLAN interfaces.

<Sysname> display packet-filter verbose vlan-interface inbound

VLAN interface: 2 to 10

Inbound policy:

 IPv4 ACL 2001, Hardware-count

 rule 0 permit

 rule 5 permit source 1.1.1.1 0

 rule 10 permit vpn-instance test

# Display application details of all ACLs for inbound packet filtering on Ethernet service instance 1 of Twenty-FiveGigE 1/0/1.

<Sysname> display packet-filter verbose l2vpn-ac interface twenty-fivegige 1/0/1 service-instance 1 inbound

Interface: Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/1  Service Instance ID: 1

 Inbound policy:

  IPv4 ACL 2001

   rule 0 permit

   rule 5 permit source 1.1.1.1 0 (Failed)

   rule 10 permit vpn-instance test (Failed)

 

  IPv6 ACL 2000

   rule 0 permit

 

  MAC ACL 4000

 

  IPv4 default action: Deny

 

  IPv6 default action: Deny

 

  MAC default action: Deny

Table 5 Command output

Field

Description

Interface

Interface to which the ACL applies.

VLAN interface

List of VLAN interfaces specified in the packet-filter vlan-interface command.

Interface: Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/1  Service Instance ID: 1

Ethernet service instance to which the ACL applies. Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/1 is the interface where the Ethernet service instance resides.

Inbound policy

ACL used for filtering incoming traffic.

Outbound policy

ACL used for filtering outgoing traffic.

IPv4 ACL 2001

IPv4 basic ACL 2001 has been successfully applied.

IPv4 ACL 2002 (Failed)

The device has failed to apply IPv4 basic ACL 2002.

Hardware-count

ACL rule match counting in hardware has been successfully enabled.

Hardware-count (Failed)

The device has failed to enable counting ACL rule matches in hardware.

rule 5 permit source 1.1.1.1 0 (Failed)

The device has failed to apply rule 5.

IPv4 default action

Packet filter default action for packets that do not match any IPv4 ACLs:

·     Deny—The default action deny has been successfully applied for packet filtering.

·     Deny (Failed)—The device has failed to apply the default action deny for packet filtering. The action permit still functions.

·     Permit—The default action permit has been successfully applied for packet filtering.

·     Hardware-count—The hardware-count feature has been successfully applied for the default action for packet filtering.

·     Hardware-count (Failed)—The device has failed to apply the hardware-count feature for the packet filtering default action.

IPv6 default action

Packet filter default action for packets that do not match any IPv6 ACLs:

·     Deny—The default action deny has been successfully applied for packet filtering.

·     Deny (Failed)—The device has failed to apply the default action deny for packet filtering. The action permit still functions.

·     Permit—The default action permit has been successfully applied for packet filtering.

·     Hardware-count—The hardware-count feature has been successfully applied for the default action for packet filtering.

·     Hardware-count (Failed)—The device has failed to apply the hardware-count feature for the packet filtering default action.

MAC default action

Packet filter default action for packets that do not match any Layer 2 ACLs:

·     Deny—The default action deny has been successfully applied for packet filtering.

·     Deny (Failed)—The device has failed to apply the default action deny for packet filtering. The action permit still functions.

·     Permit—The default action permit has been successfully applied for packet filtering.

·     Hardware-count—The hardware-count feature has been successfully applied for the default action for packet filtering.

·     Hardware-count (Failed)—The device has failed to apply the hardware-count feature for the packet filtering default action.

display qos-acl resource

Use display qos-acl resource to display QoS and ACL resource usage.

Syntax

display qos-acl resource [ advanced-mode ] [ slot slot-number ]

Views

Any view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

network-operator

Parameters

advanced-mode: Displays QoS and ACL resource usage in advanced mode. If you do not specify this keyword, the command displays QoS and ACL resource usage in common mode.

slot slot-number: Specifies an IRF member device by its member ID. If you do not specify a member device, this command displays QoS and ACL resource usage for all member devices.

Usage guidelines

This command does not display any usage data if the specified device does not support counting QoS and ACL resources.

The total number of QoS and ACL resources varies by operating mode. You can use the switch-mode command to set the operating mode and the display qos-acl resource command to display the total number of QoS and ACL resources. For more information about the switch-mode command, see device management commands in Fundamentals Command Reference.

Examples

# Display QoS and ACL resource usage in common mode.

<Sysname> display qos-acl resource

Interfaces: WGE1/0/1 to WGE1/0/24, HGE1/0/25 to HGE1/0/28 (slot 1)             

---------------------------------------------------------------------           

 Type             Total      Reserved   Configured Remaining  Usage            

---------------------------------------------------------------------          

 VFP ACL          1024       257        1          766        25%              

 IFP ACL          18432      9220       2          9210       50%              

 IFP Meter        3072       97         1          2974       3%               

 IFP Counter      9216       4610       1          4605       50%              

 EFP ACL          2048       0          0          2048       0%               

 EFP Meter        1024       0          0          1024       0%               

 EFP Counter      1024       0          0          1024       0%               

                                                                                

Interfaces: HGE1/0/29 to HGE1/0/32, WGE1/0/33 to WGE1/0/56                     

            GE1/0/57 to GE1/0/58 (slot 1)                                      

---------------------------------------------------------------------          

 Type             Total      Reserved   Configured Remaining  Usage            

---------------------------------------------------------------------          

 VFP ACL          1024       257        1          766        25%              

 IFP ACL          18432      9220       2          9210       50%              

 IFP Meter        3072       106        1          2965       3%               

 IFP Counter      9216       4610       1          4605       50%              

 EFP ACL          2048       0          0          2048       0%               

 EFP Meter        1024       0          0          1024       0%               

 EFP Counter      1024       0          0          1024       0%               

Table 6 Command output

Field

Description

Interfaces

Interface range for the resources.

Type

Resource type:

·     VFP ACL—ACL resources for marking the local QoS ID before Layer 2 forwarding.

·     IFP ACL—Inbound ACL resources.

·     IFP Meter—Inbound traffic policing resources.

·     IFP Counter—Inbound traffic accounting resources.

·     EFP ACL—Outbound ACL resources.

·     EFP Meter—Outbound traffic policing resources.

·     EFP Counter—Outbound traffic accounting resources.

Total

Total number of resources.

Reserved

Number of reserved resources.

Configured

Number of resources that has been applied.

Remaining

Number of resources that you can apply.

Usage

Configured and reserved resources as a percentage of total resources. If the percentage is not an integer, this field displays the integer part. For example, if the actual usage is 50.8%, this field displays 50%.

# Display QoS and ACL resource usage in advanced mode.

<Sysname> display qos-acl resource advanced-mode

 

Interfaces:  WGE2/0/1 to WGE2/0/24, HGE2/0/25 to HGE2/0/28 (slot 2)

---------------------------------------------------------------------

 Stage      Slice      Total        Configured     Remaining  Usage

---------------------------------------------------------------------

 IFP        0          1536         0              1536       0%

 IFP        1          1536         0              1536       0%

 IFP        2          1536         0              1536       0%

 IFP        3          1536         0              1536       0%

 IFP        4          1536         0              1536       0%

 IFP        5          1536         0              1536       0%

 IFP        6          768          104            664        13%

 IFP        7          768          104            664        13%

 IFP        8          768          104            664        13%

 IFP        9          768          37             731        4%

 IFP        10         768          37             731        4%

 IFP        11         768          1              767        0%

 VFP        0          256          16             240        6%

 VFP        1          256          0              256        0%

 VFP        2          256          0              256        0%

 VFP        3          256          0              256        0%

 EFP        0          512          0              512        0%

 EFP        1          512          0              512        0%

 EFP        2          512          0              512        0%

 EFP        3          512          0              512        0%

 

Interfaces:  HGE2/0/29 to HGE2/0/32, WGE2/0/33 to WGE2/0/56, GE2/0/57 to GE2/0/5

8 (slot 2)

---------------------------------------------------------------------

 Stage      Slice      Total        Configured     Remaining  Usage

---------------------------------------------------------------------

 IFP        0          1536         0              1536       0%

 IFP        1          1536         0              1536       0%

 IFP        2          1536         0              1536       0%

 IFP        3          1536         0              1536       0%

 IFP        4          1536         0              1536       0%

 IFP        5          1536         0              1536       0%

 IFP        6          768          104            664        13%

 IFP        7          768          104            664        13%

 IFP        8          768          104            664        13%

 IFP        9          768          41             727        5%

 IFP        10         768          41             727        5%

 IFP        11         768          1              767        0%

 VFP        0          256          16             240        6%

 VFP        1          256          0              256        0%

 VFP        2          256          0              256        0%

 VFP        3          256          0              256        0%

 EFP        0          512          0              512        0%

 EFP        1          512          0              512        0%

 EFP        2          512          0              512        0%

 EFP        3          512          0              512        0%

Table 7 Command output

Field

Description

Interfaces

Interface range for the resources.

Stage

Processing stage:

·     VFP—Layer 2 forwarding.

·     IFP—Receiving.

·     EFP—Sending.

Slice

Slice ID.

Total

Total number of resources.

Configured

Number of resources that have been applied.

Remaining

Number of resources that can be applied.

Usage

Applied resources as a percentage of total resources. If the percentage is not an integer, this field displays the integer part. For example, if the actual usage is 50.8%, this field displays 50%.

packet-filter (Ethernet service instance view)

Use packet-filter to apply an ACL to an Ethernet service instance to filter packets.

Use undo packet-filter to remove an ACL from an Ethernet service instance.

Syntax

packet-filter [ ipv6 | mac | user-defined ] { acl-number | name acl-name } { inbound | outbound } [ hardware-count ]

undo packet-filter [ ipv6 | mac | user-defined ] { acl-number | name acl-name } { inbound | outbound }

Default

No ACL is applied to an Ethernet service instance to filter packets.

Views

Ethernet service instance view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

Parameters

ipv6: Specifies the IPv6 ACL type.

mac: Specifies the Layer 2 ACL type.

user-defined: Specifies the user-defined ACL type.

acl-number: Specifies an ACL by its number. The following are available value ranges:

·     2000 to 2999 for basic ACLs.

·     3000 to 3999 for advanced ACLs.

·     4000 to 4999 for Layer 2 ACLs.

·     5000 to 5999 for user-defined ACLs.

name acl-name: Specifies an ACL by its name. The acl-name argument is a case-insensitive string of 1 to 63 characters.

inbound: Filters incoming packets.

outbound: Filters outgoing packets.

hardware-count: Enables counting ACL rule matches performed in hardware. If you do not specify this keyword, rule matches for the ACL are not counted in hardware.

Usage guidelines

For information about configuring Ethernet service instances, see VXLAN Configuration Guide.

If you use the acl-number argument to specify an ACL, follow these guidelines:

·     To specify an IPv4 ACL, use the acl-number argument directly.

·     To specify an IPv6 ACL, specify the ipv6 keyword, and then the acl-number argument.

·     To specify a Layer 2 ACL or user-defined ACL, the mac or user-defined keyword is not a must. You can either specify the mac or user-defined keyword and then the acl-number argument or specify only the acl-number argument.

If you use the name acl-name option to specify an ACL, follow these guidelines:

·     To specify an IPv4 ACL, use the name acl-name option.

·     To specify an IPv6, Layer 2, or user-defined ACL, specify the related keyword and then the name acl-name option.

The hardware-count keyword in this command enables match counting in hardware for all rules in an ACL, and the counting keyword in the rule command enables match counting specific to rules.

To disable ACL rule match counting in hardware when resources are insufficient, you must execute the undo packet-filter command, and then reconfigure the packet-filter command without specifying the hardware-count keyword.

To disable ACL rule match counting in hardware when resources are sufficient, you can directly reconfigure the packet-filter command without specifying the hardware-count keyword.

 

 

 

 

Examples

# Apply IPv4 advanced ACL 3001 to filter incoming traffic on Ethernet service instance 1 of Twenty-FiveGigE 1/0/1, and enable counting ACL rule matches performed in hardware.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] interface twenty-fivegige 1/0/1

[Sysname-Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/1] service-instance 200

[Sysname-Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/1-srv200] packet-filter 3001 inbound hardware-count

Related commands

display packet-filter

display packet-filter statistics

display packet-filter verbose

packet-filter (interface view)

Use packet-filter to apply an ACL to an interface to filter packets.

Use undo packet-filter to remove an ACL from an interface.

Syntax

packet-filter [ ipv6 | mac | user-defined ] { acl-number | name acl-name } { inbound | outbound } [ hardware-count ] [ share-mode ] [ vxlan-inner ]

undo packet-filter [ ipv6 | mac | user-defined ] { acl-number | name acl-name } { inbound | outbound }

Default

No ACL is applied to an interface to filter packets.

Views

Layer 2 Ethernet interface view

Layer 2 aggregate interface view

Layer 3 Ethernet interface view

Layer 3 Ethernet subinterface view

Layer 3 aggregate interface view

VLAN interface view

VSI interface view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

Parameters

ipv6: Specifies the IPv6 ACL type.

mac: Specifies the Layer 2 ACL type.

user-defined: Specifies the user-defined ACL type.

acl-number: Specifies an ACL by its number. The following are available value ranges:

·     2000 to 2999 for basic ACLs.

·     3000 to 3999 for advanced ACLs.

·     4000 to 4999 for Layer 2 ACLs.

name acl-name: Specifies an ACL by its name. The acl-name argument is a case-insensitive string of 1 to 63 characters.

inbound: Filters incoming packets.

outbound: Filters outgoing packets.

hardware-count: Enables counting ACL rule matches performed in hardware. If you do not specify this keyword, rule matches for the ACL are not counted in hardware.

share-mode: Applies the ACL in sharing mode to a Layer 2 Ethernet interface, Layer 3 Ethernet interface, or VSI interface. In this mode, all interfaces on an interface card or member device with the same ACL applied in one direction share one QoS and ACL resource.

vxlan-inner: Matches the inner header information of VXLAN packets.

Usage guidelines

If you use the acl-number argument to specify an ACL, follow these guidelines:

·     To specify an IPv4 ACL, use the acl-number argument directly.

·     To specify an IPv6 ACL, specify the ipv6 keyword, and then the acl-number argument.

·     To specify a Layer 2 ACL or user-defined ACL, the mac or user-defined keyword is not a must. You can either specify the mac or user-defined keyword and then the acl-number argument or specify only the acl-number argument.

If you use the name acl-name option to specify an ACL, follow these guidelines:

·     To specify an IPv4 ACL, use the name acl-name option.

·     To specify an IPv6, Layer 2, or user-defined ACL, specify the related keyword and then the name acl-name option.

The hardware-count keyword in this command enables match counting in hardware for all rules in an ACL, and the counting keyword in the rule command enables match counting specific to rules.

To disable ACL rule match counting in hardware when resources are insufficient, you must execute the undo packet-filter command and then reconfigure the packet-filter command without specifying the hardware-count keyword.

To disable ACL rule match counting in hardware when resources are sufficient, you can directly reconfigure the packet-filter command without specifying the hardware-count keyword.

To the same direction of an interface, you can apply a maximum of four ACLs: one IPv4 ACL, one IPv6 ACL, one Layer 2 ACL, and one user-defined ACL.

You can use the packet-filter command in VLAN interface view or the packet-filter vlan-interface command in system view to configure packet filtering in one direction of a VLAN interface. You cannot configure both of them in one direction of a VLAN interface.

The vxlan-inner keyword matches the inner header information of incoming VXLAN packets on interfaces. For example, if the vxlan-inner keyword is specified, the rule permit ip source 10.0.0.0 0.255.255.255 command matches the VXLAN packets with the inner source IP address in the network segment 10.0.0.0/24. If the vxlan-inner keyword is not specified, the rule permit ip source 10.0.0.0 0.255.255.255 command matches the VXLAN packets with the outer source IP address in the network segment 10.0.0.0/24 or non-VXLAN packets with the source IP address in the network segment 10.0.0.0/24.

The vxlan-inner keyword is supported only when an IPv4 advanced ACL or Layer 2 ACL is applied to an Ethernet interface.

To delete the vxlan-inner configuration for an ACL applied to an interface, you must first remove the ACL from the interface, and then reapply the ACL to the interface without the vxlan-inner keyword.

By default, an ACL applied to a VLAN interface cannot match untagged packets. For an ACL to match untagged packets on a VLAN interface, configure the QoS and ACL resource hardware mode as outbound-vlan-enhanced.

Examples

# Apply IPv4 basic ACL 2001 to filter incoming traffic on Twenty-FiveGigE 1/0/1, and enable counting ACL rule matches performed in hardware.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] interface twenty-fivegige 1/0/1

[Sysname-Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/1] packet-filter 2001 inbound hardware-count

# Apply IPv4 basic ACL 2001 in sharing mode to filter outgoing traffic on Twenty-FiveGigE 1/0/1.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] interface twenty-fivegige 1/0/1

[Sysname-Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/1] packet-filter 2001 outbound share-mode

Related commands

display packet-filter

display packet-filter statistics

display packet-filter verbose

packet-filter default deny

Use packet-filter default deny to set the packet filtering default action to deny. The packet filter denies packets that do not match any ACL rule.

Use undo packet-filter default deny to restore the default.

Syntax

packet-filter default deny

undo packet-filter default deny

Default

The packet filtering default action is permit. The packet filter permits packets that do not match any ACL rule.

Views

System view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

Usage guidelines

The packet filter applies the default action to all ACL applications for packet filtering. The default action appears in the display command output for packet filtering.

Examples

# Set the packet filter default action to deny.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] packet-filter default deny

Related commands

display packet-filter

display packet-filter statistics

display packet-filter verbose

packet-filter default hardware-count

Use packet-filter default hardware-count to enable hardware-count for the packet filtering default action.

Use undo packet-filter default hardware-count to disable hardware-count for the packet filtering default action.

Syntax

packet-filter default { inbound | outbound } hardware-count

undo packet-filter default { inbound | outbound } hardware-count

Default

Hardware-count is disabled for the packet filtering default action.

Views

Ethernet service instance view

Layer 2 Ethernet interface view

Layer 2 aggregate interface view

Layer 3 Ethernet interface view

Layer 3 Ethernet subinterface view

Layer 3 aggregate interface view

VLAN interface view

VSI interface view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

Parameters

inbound: Specifies the incoming packets.

outbound: Specifies the outgoing packets. This keyword is not supported for Layer 2 aggregate interfaces, Layer 3 aggregate interfaces, or VSI interfaces.

Usage guidelines

To enable hardware-count for the packet filtering default action on an interface, make sure you have applied ACLs to the interface for packet filtering.

Examples

# Set the packet filtering default action to deny. Apply IPv4 basic ACL 2001 to Twenty-FiveGigE 1/0/1 for filtering incoming packets, and enable hardware-count for the packet filtering default action on Twenty-FiveGigE 1/0/1.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] packet-filter default deny

[Sysname] interface twenty-fivegige 1/0/1

[Sysname-Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/1] packet-filter 2001 inbound

[Sysname-Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/1] packet-filter default inbound hardware-count

Related commands

packet-filter

packet-filter default deny

display packet-filter

display packet-filter statistics

packet-filter filter

Use packet-filter filter to specify the applicable scope of packet filtering on a VLAN interface.

Use undo packet-filter filter to restore the default.

Syntax

packet-filter filter { route | all }

undo packet-filter filter

Default

The packet filtering filters packets forwarded at Layer 3.

Views

VLAN interface view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

Parameters

route: Filters packets forwarded at Layer 3 by the VLAN interface.

all: Filters all packets, including packets forwarded at Layer 3 by the VLAN interface and packets forwarded at Layer 2 by the physical ports associated with the VLAN interface.

Examples

# Configure the packet filtering on VLAN-interface 2 to filter packets forwarded at Layer 3.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] interface vlan-interface 2

[Sysname-Vlan-interface2] packet-filter filter route

packet-filter permit-flag ignore

Use packet-filter permit-flag ignore to ignore the permit flag added by packet filtering.

Use undo packet-filter permit-flag ignore to restore the default.

Syntax

packet-filter permit-flag ignore

undo packet-filter permit-flag ignore

Default

The permit flag added by packet filtering is not ignored.

Views

System view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

Usage guidelines

Packets matching an ACL permit statement in a packet filter are permitted to pass through and marked with a permit flag. Packets with a permit flag are not dropped by a discard action in a QoS policy (for example, a CAR discard action).

This command allows the device to drop packets with a permit flag by using a discard action in a QoS policy.

The permit flag is effective only on the local device.

 

 

Examples

# Ignore the permit flag added by packet filtering.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] packet-filter permit-flag ignore

Related commands

car

filter

packet-filter (Ethernet service instance view)

packet-filter (interface view)

packet-filter vlan-interface

packet-filter vlan-interface

Use packet-filter vlan-interface to apply an ACL to a list of VLAN interfaces to filter packets.

Use undo packet-filter vlan-interface to remove an ACL from a list of VLAN interfaces.

Syntax

packet-filter [ ipv6 | mac | user-defined ] { acl-number | name acl-name } vlan-interface vlan-interface-list { inbound | outbound } [ hardware-count ]

undo packet-filter [ ipv6 | mac | user-defined ] { acl-number | name acl-name } vlan-interface vlan-interface-list { inbound | outbound }

Default

No ACL is applied to a list of VLAN interfaces to filter packets.

Views

System view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

Parameters

ipv6: Specifies the IPv6 ACL type.

mac: Specifies the Layer 2 ACL type.

user-defined: Specifies the user-defined ACL type.

acl-number: Specifies an ACL by its number. The following are available value ranges:

·     2000 to 2999 for basic ACLs.

·     3000 to 3999 for advanced ACLs.

·     4000 to 4999 for Layer 2 ACLs.

·     5000 to 5999 for user-defined ACLs.

name acl-name: Specifies an ACL by its name. The acl-name argument is a case-insensitive string of 1 to 63 characters.

vlan-interface vlan-interface-list: Specifies a space-separated list of up to eight VLAN interface items. Each item specifies a VLAN interface or a range of VLAN interfaces in the form of start-vlan-interface to end-vlan-interface.

inbound: Filters incoming packets.

outbound: Filters outgoing packets.

hardware-count: Enables counting ACL rule matches performed in hardware. If you do not specify this keyword, rule matches for the ACL are not counted in hardware.

Usage guidelines

If you use the acl-number argument to specify an ACL, follow these guidelines:

·     To specify an IPv4 ACL, use the acl-number argument directly.

·     To specify an IPv6 ACL, specify the ipv6 keyword, and then the acl-number argument.

·     To specify a Layer 2 ACL or user-defined ACL, the mac or user-defined keyword is not a must. You can either specify the mac or user-defined keyword and then the acl-number argument or specify only the acl-number argument.

If you use the name acl-name option to specify an ACL, follow these guidelines:

·     To specify an IPv4 ACL, use the name acl-name option.

·     To specify an IPv6, Layer 2, or user-defined ACL, specify the related keyword and then the name acl-name option.

You can use the packet-filter command in VLAN interface view or use the packet-filter vlan-interface command in system view to configure packet filtering in one direction of a VLAN interface. You cannot configure both of them in the same direction of a VLAN interface.

The hardware-count keyword in this command enables match counting in hardware for all rules in an ACL, and the counting keyword in the rule command enables match counting specific to rules.

With the packet-filter vlan-interface command, you can configure only two filters: one for each direction. You can repeat the command to add VLAN interfaces to the packet filter in each direction. As a best practice to save resources, use the packet-filter vlan-interface command to configure packet filtering for VLAN interfaces that share the same packet filtering ACL.

For a packet filter, the use of the hardware-count keyword must be consistent across all its VLAN interfaces. You must specify the hardware-count keyword for all its VLAN interfaces or none of its VLAN interfaces.

A list of VLAN interfaces can contain up to eight VLAN interface items. Each item has at least one VLAN interface. Follow these restrictions and guidelines when you use the undo packet-filter vlan-interface command:

·     You can specify the entire VLAN interface list to remove the ACL from all VLAN interfaces in the list.

·     You can specify one or more VLAN interface items of the list to remove the ACL from the specified VLAN interfaces.

·     For a VLAN interface item with multiple VLAN interfaces, you cannot remove the ACL from only some of the VLAN interfaces of the VLAN interface item.

To disable ACL rule match counting in hardware when resources are insufficient, you must execute the undo packet-filter command and then reconfigure the packet-filter command without specifying the hardware-count keyword.

To disable ACL rule match counting in hardware when resources are sufficient, you can directly reconfigure the packet-filter command without specifying the hardware-count keyword.

Examples

# Apply IPv4 basic ACL 2003 to filter incoming traffic on VLAN interfaces 3 through 10, and enable counting ACL rule matches performed in hardware.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] packet-filter 2003 vlan-interface 3 to 10 inbound hardware-count

Related commands

display packet-filter

display packet-filter statistics

display packet-filter verbose

qos-acl resource hardware-mode

 

NOTE:

This command is supported only in Release 6555P02 and later.

 

Use qos-acl resource hardware-mode to configure the QoS and ACL resource hardware mode.

Use undo qos-acl resource hardware-mode to restore the default.

Syntax

qos-acl resource hardware-mode hardware-mode-value

undo qos-acl resource hardware-mode

Default

No QoS and ACL resource hardware mode is configured.

Views

System view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

Parameters

hardware-mode-value: Specifies a hardware mode. Only the outbound-vlan-enhanced mode is supported in the current software version. This mode allows an ACL applied to a VLAN or VLAN interface to match untagged packets in the outbound direction.

Usage guidelines

After configuring a hardware mode, save the running configuration and reboot the device for it to take effect.

The outbound-vlan-enhanced mode occupies more QoS and ACL resources when an ACL is applied.

Examples

# Configure the QoS and ACL resource hardware mode as outbound-vlan-enhanced.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] qos-acl resource hardware-mode outbound-vlan-enhanced

Please reboot the device to activate the settings.

reset acl counter

Use reset acl counter to clear statistics for ACLs.

Syntax

reset acl [ ipv6 | mac | user-defined ] counter { acl-number | all | name acl-name }

Views

User view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

Parameters

ipv6: Specifies the IPv6 ACL type.

mac: Specifies the Layer 2 ACL type.

user-defined: Specifies the user-defined ACL type.

acl-number: Specifies an ACL by its number. The following are available value ranges:

·     2000 to 2999 for basic ACLs.

·     3000 to 3999 for advanced ACLs.

·     4000 to 4999 for Layer 2 ACLs.

·     5000 to 5999 for user-defined ACLs.

all: Clears statistics for all ACLs of the specified type.

name acl-name: Clears statistics of an ACL specified by its name. The acl-name argument is a case-insensitive string of 1 to 63 characters.

Usage guidelines

When specifying an ACL by its number, follow these rules:

·     To specify an IPv6 ACL, you must specify both its ACL number and the ipv6 keyword.

·     To specify a Layer 2 ACL, you can specify its ACL number without the mac keyword.

·     To specify a user-defined ACL, you can specify its ACL number without the user-defined keyword.

To specify an IPv6 ACL, Layer 2 ACL, or user-defined ACL by a name, you must specify both the ACL name and the ipv6, mac, or user-defined keyword.

Examples

# Clear statistics for IPv4 basic ACL 2001.

<Sysname> reset acl counter 2001

Related commands

display acl

reset packet-filter statistics

Use reset packet-filter statistics to clear the packet filtering statistics.

Syntax

reset packet-filter statistics { interface [ interface-type interface-number ] | l2vpn-ac [ interface interface-type interface-number service-instance instance-id ] | vlan-interface } { inbound | outbound } [ default | [ ipv6 | mac | user-defined ] { acl-number | name acl-name } ]

Views

User view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

Parameters

interface [ interface-type interface-number ]: Specifies an interface by its type and number. If you do not specify an interface, this command clears packet filtering statistics for all interfaces.

l2vpn-ac [ interface interface-type interface-number service-instance instance-id ]: Specifies an Ethernet service instance on an interface. The interface-type interface-number argument represents the interface type and number. The instance-id argument represents the ID of the Ethernet service instance, in the range of 1 to 4096. If you do not specify an Ethernet service instance, this command clears packet filtering statistics for all Ethernet service instances.

vlan-interface: Specifies the list of VLAN interfaces specified in the packet-filter vlan-interface command.

inbound: Specifies the inbound direction.

outbound: Specifies the outbound direction.

default: Clears the default action statistics for packet filtering.

ipv6: Specifies the IPv6 ACL type.

mac: Specifies the Layer 2 ACL type.

user-defined: Specifies the user-defined ACL type.

acl-number: Specifies an ACL by its number. The following are available value ranges:

·     2000 to 2999 for basic ACLs.

·     3000 to 3999 for advanced ACLs.

·     4000 to 4999 for Layer 2 ACLs.

·     5000 to 5999 for user-defined ACLs.

name acl-name: Specifies an ACL by its name. The acl-name argument is a case-insensitive string of 1 to 63 characters.

Usage guidelines

If default, acl-number, name acl-name, ipv6, mac, or user-defined is not specified, this command clears the packet filtering statistics for all ACLs.

To specify the IPv4 ACL type, do not specify the ipv6, mac, or user-defined keyword.

Examples

# Clear IPv4 basic ACL 2001 statistics for inbound packet filtering on Twenty-FiveGigE 1/0/1.

<Sysname> reset packet-filter statistics interface twenty-fivegige 1/0/1 inbound 2001

# Clear IPv4 basic ACL 2001 statistics for inbound packet filtering on the list of VLAN interfaces.

<Sysname> reset packet-filter statistics vlan-interface inbound 2001

# Clear IPv4 basic ACL 2001 statistics for inbound packet filtering on Ethernet service instance 1 of Twenty-FiveGigE 1/0/1.

<Sysname> reset packet-filter statistics interface twenty-fivegige 1/0/1 service-instance 1 inbound 2001

Related commands

display packet-filter statistics

display packet-filter statistics sum

rule (IPv4 advanced ACL view)

Use rule to create or edit an IPv4 advanced ACL rule.

Use undo rule to delete an entire IPv4 advanced ACL rule or some attributes in the rule.

Syntax

rule [ rule-id ] { deny | permit } protocol [ { { ack ack-value | fin fin-value | psh psh-value | rst rst-value | syn syn-value | urg urg-value } * | established } | counting | destination { dest-address dest-wildcard | any } | destination-port operator port1 [ port2 ] | { { precedence precedence | tos tos } * | { precedence precedence | ecn ecn } * | { dscp dscp | ecn ecn } * } | fragment | icmp-type { icmp-type [ icmp-code ] | icmp-message } | logging | qos-local-id local-id-value | source { source-address source-wildcard | any } | source-port operator port1 [ port2 ] | time-range time-range-name | vpn-instance vpn-instance-name ] *

rule [ rule-id ] { deny | permit } vxlan [ destination { dest-address dest-wildcard | any } | source { source-address source-wildcard | any } | source-port operator port1 [ port2 ] | vxlan-id vxlan-id ] * inner-protocol inner-protocol [ counting | inner-destination { dest-address dest-wildcard | any } | inner-destination-port operator port1 [ port2 ] | inner-established | inner-source { source-address source-wildcard | any } | inner-source-port operator port1 [ port2 ] | logging | time-range time-range-name ] *

undo rule rule-id [ { { ack | fin | psh | rst | syn | urg } * | established } | counting | destination | destination-port | { { precedence | tos } * | { precedence | ecn } * | { dscp | ecn } * } | fragment | icmp-type | logging | qos-local-id | source | source-port | time-range | vpn-instance  ] *

undo rule { deny | permit } protocol [ { { ack ack-value | fin fin-value | psh psh-value | rst rst-value | syn syn-value | urg urg-value } * | established } | counting | destination { dest-address dest-wildcard | any } | destination-port operator port1 [ port2 ] | { { precedence precedence | tos tos } * | { precedence precedence | ecn ecn } * | { dscp dscp | ecn ecn } * } | fragment | icmp-type { icmp-type [ icmp-code ] | icmp-message } | logging | qos-local-id | source { source-address source-wildcard | any } | source-port operator port1 [ port2 ] | time-range time-range-name | vpn-instance vpn-instance-name ] *

undo rule { deny | permit } vxlan [ destination { dest-address dest-wildcard | any } | source { source-address source-wildcard | any } | source-port operator port1 [ port2 ] | vxlan-id vxlan-id ] * inner-protocol inner-protocol [ counting | inner-destination { dest-address dest-wildcard | any } | inner-destination-port operator port1 [ port2 ] | inner-established | inner-source { source-address source-wildcard | any } | inner-source-port operator port1 [ port2 ] | logging | time-range time-range-name ] *

Default

No IPv4 advanced ACL rules exist.

Views

IPv4 advanced ACL view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

Parameters

rule-id: Specifies a rule ID in the range of 0 to 65534. If you do not specify a rule ID when creating an ACL rule, the system automatically assigns it a rule ID. This rule ID is the nearest higher multiple of the numbering step to the current highest rule ID, starting from the start rule ID. For example, if the rule numbering step is 5 and the current highest rule ID is 28, the rule is numbered 30.

deny: Denies matching packets.

permit: Allows matching packets to pass.

protocol: Specifies a protocol carried over IPv4 by its number in the range of 0 to 255 or by its keyword, as shown in Table 8.

Table 8 Protocols carried over IPv4

Number

Keyword

Description

N/A

ip

Matches IPv4 packets.

1

icmp

Matches ICMP packets.

2

igmp

Matches IGMP packets.

4

ipinip

Matches IP-in-IP packets.

6

tcp

Matches TCP packets.

17

udp

Matches UDP packets.

47

gre

Matches GRE packets.

89

ospf

Matches OSPF packets.

Table 9 describes the parameters that you can specify, regardless of the value for the protocol argument.

Table 9 Match criteria and other rule information for IPv4 advanced ACL rules

Parameters

Function

Description

source { source-address source-wildcard | any }

Specifies a source address.

The source-address source-wildcard arguments specify a source IP address and a wildcard mask in dotted decimal notation. An all-zero wildcard represents a host address.

The any keyword specifies any source IP address.

destination { object-group address-group-name | dest-address dest-wildcard | any }

Specifies a destination address.

The dest-address dest-wildcard arguments specify a destination IP address and a wildcard mask in dotted decimal notation. An all-zero wildcard mask represents a host address.

The any keyword represents any destination IP address.

counting

Enables rule match counting in software.

The counting keyword enables match counting specific to rules, and the hardware-count keyword in the packet-filter command enables match counting in hardware for all rules in an ACL. If the counting keyword is not specified, matches for the rule are not counted in software.

precedence precedence

Specifies an IP precedence value.

The precedence argument can be a number in the range of 0 to 7, or in words: routine (0), priority (1), immediate (2), flash (3), flash-override (4), critical (5), internet (6), or network (7).

tos tos

Specifies a ToS preference.

The tos argument can be a number in the range of 0 to 15, or in words: max-reliability (2), max-throughput (4), min-delay (8), min-monetary-cost (1), or normal (0).

ecn ecn

Specifies an ECN value.

The ecn argument is a number in the range of 0 to 3.

The last two bits in the differentiated services (DS) field of the IP header are defined for use by ECN. For more information about the DS field and ECN, see QoS configuration in ACL and QoS Configuration Guide.

dscp dscp

Specifies a DSCP priority.

The dscp argument can be a number in the range of 0 to 63, or in words: af11 (10), af12 (12), af13 (14), af21 (18), af22 (20), af23 (22), af31 (26), af32 (28), af33 (30), af41 (34), af42 (36), af43 (38), cs1 (8), cs2 (16), cs3 (24), cs4 (32), cs5 (40), cs6 (48), cs7 (56), default (0), or ef (46).

fragment

Applies the rule only to non-first fragments.

If you do not specify this keyword, the rule applies to all fragments and non-fragments.

logging

Logs the number of matching packets.

This feature requires that the module (for example, packet filtering) that uses the ACL supports logging.

time-range time-range-name

Specifies a time range for the rule.

The time-range-name argument is a case-insensitive string of 1 to 32 characters. It must start with an English letter. If the time range is not configured, the system creates the rule. However, the rule using the time range can take effect only after you configure the time range.

For more information about time range, see ACL and QoS Configuration Guide.

qos-local-id local-id-value

Specifies a local QoS ID.

The value range for the local-id-value argument is 1 to 4095.

vpn-instance vpn-instance-name

Applies the rule to an MPLS L3VPN instance.

The vpn-instance-name argument is a case-sensitive string of 1 to 31 characters.

If you do not specify a VPN instance, the rule applies to both non-VPN packets and VPN packets.

If the protocol argument is tcp (6) or udp (17), set the parameters shown in Table 10.

Table 10 TCP/UDP-specific parameters for IPv4 advanced ACL rules

Parameters

Function

Description

source-port operator port1 [ port2 ]

Specifies one or more UDP or TCP source ports.

The operator argument can be lt (lower than), gt (greater than), eq (equal to), neq (not equal to), or range (inclusive range).

The port1 and port2 arguments are TCP or UDP port numbers in the range of 0 to 65535. The port2 argument is needed only when the operator argument is range.

TCP port numbers can be represented as: chargen (19), bgp (179), cmd (514), daytime (13), discard (9), dns (53), domain (53), echo (7), exec (512), finger (79), ftp (21), ftp-data (20), gopher (70), hostname (101), irc (194), klogin (543), kshell (544), login (513), lpd (515), nntp (119), pop2 (109), pop3 (110), smtp (25), sunrpc (111), tacacs (49), talk (517), telnet (23), time (37), uucp (540), whois (43), and www (80).

UDP port numbers can be represented as: biff (512), bootpc (68), bootps (67), discard (9), dns (53), dnsix (90), echo (7), mobilip-ag (434), mobilip-mn (435), nameserver (42), netbios-dgm (138), netbios-ns (137), netbios-ssn (139), ntp (123), rip (520), snmp (161), snmptrap (162), sunrpc (111), syslog (514), tacacs-ds (65), talk (517), tftp (69), time (37), who (513), and xdmcp (177).

destination-port operator port1 [ port2 ]

Specifies one or more UDP or TCP destination ports.

{ ack ack-value | fin fin-value | psh psh-value | rst rst-value | syn syn-value | urg urg-value } *

Specifies one or more TCP flags including ACK, FIN, PSH, RST, SYN, and URG.

Parameters specific to TCP.

The value for each argument can be 0 (flag bit not set) or 1 (flag bit set).

The TCP flags in a rule are ANDed. For example, a rule configured with ack 0 psh 1 matches packets that have the ACK flag bit not set and the PSH flag bit set.

established

Specifies the flags for indicating the established status of a TCP connection.

Parameter specific to TCP.

The rule matches TCP connection packets with the ACK or RST flag bit set.

If the protocol argument is icmp (1), set the parameters shown in Table 11.

Table 11 ICMP-specific parameters for IPv4 advanced ACL rules

Parameters

Function

Description

icmp-type { icmp-type icmp-code | icmp-message }

Specifies the ICMP message type and code.

The icmp-type argument is in the range of 0 to 255.

The icmp-code argument is in the range of 0 to 255.

The icmp-message argument specifies a message name. Supported ICMP message names and their corresponding type and code values are listed in Table 12.

Table 12 ICMP message names supported in IPv4 advanced ACL rules

ICMP message name

ICMP message type

ICMP message code

echo

8

0

echo-reply

0

0

fragmentneed-DFset

3

4

host-redirect

5

1

host-tos-redirect

5

3

host-unreachable

3

1

information-reply

16

0

information-request

15

0

net-redirect

5

0

net-tos-redirect

5

2

net-unreachable

3

0

parameter-problem

12

0

port-unreachable

3

3

protocol-unreachable

3

2

reassembly-timeout

11

1

source-quench

4

0

source-route-failed

3

5

timestamp-reply

14

0

timestamp-request

13

0

ttl-exceeded

11

0

vxlan: Specifies VXLAN encapsulation. You can specify a VXLAN ID only after you specify this keyword.

vxlan-id vxlan-id: Specifies a VXLAN ID in the range of 0 to 16777215.

inner-protocol inner-protocol: Specifies an inner protocol type by its number in the range of 0 to 255 or by its name: gre (47), icmp (1), igmp (2), ip, ipinip (4), ospf (89), tcp (6), or udp (17). The ip keyword specifies all inner protocols. Table 13 describes the parameters that you can specify, regardless of the value for the inner-protocol argument.

Table 13 Match criteria and other rule information for IPv4 advanced ACL rules

Parameters

Function

Description

inner-established

Specifies the inner flags for indicating the established status of a TCP connection.

Parameter specific to the inner TCP protocol.

The rule matches TCP connection packets with the ACK or RST flag bit set.

inner-source { source-address source-wildcard | any }

Specifies inner source IPv4 addresses.

The source-address source-wildcard arguments represent an inner source IPv4 address and an inner wildcard mask in dotted decimal notation. An all-zero wildcard mask specifies a host address.

The any keyword specifies any inner source IPv4 addresses.

inner-destination { dest-address dest-wildcard | any }

Specifies inner destination IPv4 addresses.

The dest-address dest-wildcard arguments represent an inner destination IPv4 address and an inner wildcard mask in dotted decimal notation. An all-zero wildcard mask specifies a host address.

The any keyword represents any inner destination IPv4 addresses.

If the inner-protocol argument is tcp (6) or udp (17), set the parameters shown in Table 14.

Table 14 TCP/UDP-specific parameters for IPv4 advanced ACL rules

Parameters

Function

Description

inner-source-port operator port1 [ port2 ]

Specifies inner UDP or TCP source ports.

The operator argument can be lt (lower than), gt (greater than), eq (equal to), neq (not equal to), or range (inclusive range).

The port1 and port2 arguments are TCP or UDP port numbers in the range of 0 to 65535. The port2 argument is needed only when the operator argument is range.

TCP port numbers can be represented as: chargen (19), bgp (179), cmd (514), daytime (13), discard (9), dns (53), domain (53), echo (7), exec (512), finger (79), ftp (21), ftp-data (20), gopher (70), hostname (101), irc (194), klogin (543), kshell (544), login (513), lpd (515), nntp (119), pop2 (109), pop3 (110), smtp (25), sunrpc (111), tacacs (49), talk (517), telnet (23), time (37), uucp (540), whois (43), and www (80).

UDP port numbers can be represented as: biff (512), bootpc (68), bootps (67), discard (9), dns (53), dnsix (90), echo (7), mobilip-ag (434), mobilip-mn (435), nameserver (42), netbios-dgm (138), netbios-ns (137), netbios-ssn (139), ntp (123), rip (520), snmp (161), snmptrap (162), sunrpc (111), syslog (514), tacacs-ds (65), talk (517), tftp (69), time (37), who (513), and xdmcp (177).

The TCP port domain is saved as dns in the configuration file.

inner-destination-port operator port1 [ port2 ]

Specifies inner UDP or TCP destination ports.

Usage guidelines

Within an ACL, the permit or deny statement of each rule must be unique. If the rule you are creating or editing has the same deny or permit statement as another rule in the ACL, the rule will not be created or changed.

You can edit ACL rules only when the match order is config.

To view the existing IPv4 basic and advanced ACL rules, use the display acl all command.

The undo rule rule-id command without any optional parameters deletes an entire rule. If you specify optional parameters, the undo rule rule-id command deletes the specified attributes for the rule.

The undo rule { deny | permit } command can only be used to delete an entire rule. You must specify all the attributes of the rule for the command.

To match the inner header information of incoming VXLAN packets by using an ACL in a packet filter or QoS policy, use the rule vxlan command and specify the parameters without the inner- part. This is because the incoming VXLAN packets will be decapsulated before being forwarded to the AC and the ACL matches the packets after decapsulation.

Examples

# Create an IPv4 advanced ACL rule to permit TCP packets with the destination port 80 from 129.9.0.0/16 to 202.38.160.0/24.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] acl advanced 3000

[Sysname-acl-ipv4-adv-3000] rule permit tcp source 129.9.0.0 0.0.255.255 destination 202.38.160.0 0.0.0.255 destination-port eq 80

# Create IPv4 advanced ACL rules to permit all IP packets but the ICMP packets destined for 192.168.1.0/24.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] acl advanced 3001

[Sysname-acl-ipv4-adv-3001] rule deny icmp destination 192.168.1.0 0.0.0.255

[Sysname-acl-ipv4-adv-3001] rule permit ip

# Create IPv4 advanced ACL rules to permit inbound and outbound FTP packets.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] acl advanced 3002

[Sysname-acl-ipv4-adv-3002] rule permit tcp source-port eq ftp

[Sysname-acl-ipv4-adv-3002] rule permit tcp source-port eq ftp-data

[Sysname-acl-ipv4-adv-3002] rule permit tcp destination-port eq ftp

[Sysname-acl-ipv4-adv-3002] rule permit tcp destination-port eq ftp-data

# Create IPv4 advanced ACL rules to permit inbound and outbound SNMP and SNMP trap packets.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] acl advanced 3003

[Sysname-acl-ipv4-adv-3003] rule permit udp source-port eq snmp

[Sysname-acl-ipv4-adv-3003] rule permit udp source-port eq snmptrap

[Sysname-acl-ipv4-adv-3003] rule permit udp destination-port eq snmp

[Sysname-acl-ipv4-adv-3003] rule permit udp destination-port eq snmptrap

# Create an IPv4 advanced ACL rule to permit VXLAN packets whose inner source IP address is in subnet 192.168.1.0/24.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] acl advanced 3004

[Sysname-acl-ipv4-adv-3004] rule permit vxlan inner-protocol ip inner-source 192.168.1.0 0.0.0.255

Related commands

acl

acl logging interval

display acl

step

time-range

rule (IPv4 basic ACL view)

Use rule to create or edit an IPv4 basic ACL rule.

Use undo rule to delete an entire IPv4 basic ACL rule or some attributes in the rule.

Syntax

rule [ rule-id ] { deny | permit } [ counting | fragment | logging | source { source-address source-wildcard | any } | time-range time-range-name | vpn-instance vpn-instance-name ] *

undo rule rule-id [ counting | fragment | logging | source | time-range | vpn-instance ] *

undo rule { deny | permit } [ counting | fragment | logging | source { source-address source-wildcard | any } | time-range time-range-name | vpn-instance vpn-instance-name ] *

Default

No IPv4 basic ACL rules exist.

Views

IPv4 basic ACL view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

Parameters

rule-id: Specifies a rule ID in the range of 0 to 65534. If you do not specify a rule ID when creating an ACL rule, the system automatically assigns it a rule ID. This rule ID is the nearest higher multiple of the numbering step to the current highest rule ID, starting from the start rule ID. For example, if the rule numbering step is 5 and the current highest rule ID is 28, the rule is numbered 30.

deny: Denies matching packets.

permit: Allows matching packets to pass.

counting: Enables rule match counting in software. If you do not specify this keyword, matches for the rule are not counted in software.

fragment: Applies the rule only to non-first fragments. If you do not specify this keyword, the rule applies to both fragments and non-fragments.

logging: Logs the number of matching packets. This feature is available only when the application module (for example, packet filtering) that uses the ACL supports the logging feature.

source { source-address source-wildcard | any }: Matches a source address. The source-address and source-wildcard arguments specify a source IP address and a wildcard mask in dotted decimal notation. A wildcard mask of zeros represents a host address. The any keyword represents any source IP address.

time-range time-range-name: Specifies a time range for the rule. The time-range-name argument is a case-insensitive string of 1 to 32 characters. It must start with an English letter. If the time range is not configured, the system creates the rule. However, the rule using the time range can take effect only after you configure the time range. For more information about time range, see ACL and QoS Configuration Guide.

vpn-instance vpn-instance-name: Applies the rule to an MPLS L3VPN instance. The vpn-instance-name argument is a case-sensitive string of 1 to 31 characters. If you do not specify a VPN instance, the rule applies to both non-VPN packets and VPN packets..

Usage guidelines

Within an ACL, the permit or deny statement of each rule must be unique. If the rule you are creating or editing has the same deny or permit statement as another rule in the ACL, the rule will not be created or changed.

You can edit ACL rules only when the match order is config.

The counting keyword in this command enables match counting specific to rules, and the hardware-count keyword in the packet-filter command enables match counting in hardware for all rules in an ACL.

To view the existing IPv4 basic and advanced ACL rules, use the display acl all command.

The undo rule rule-id command without any optional parameters deletes an entire rule. If you specify optional parameters, the undo rule rule-id command deletes the specified attributes for the rule.

The undo rule { deny | permit } command can only be used to delete an entire rule. You must specify all the attributes of the rule for the command.

Examples

# Create a rule in IPv4 basic ACL 2000 to deny the packets from any source IP subnet but 10.0.0.0/8, 172.17.0.0/16, or 192.168.1.0/24.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] acl basic 2000

[Sysname-acl-ipv4-basic-2000] rule permit source 10.0.0.0 0.255.255.255

[Sysname-acl-ipv4-basic-2000] rule permit source 172.17.0.0 0.0.255.255

[Sysname-acl-ipv4-basic-2000] rule permit source 192.168.1.0 0.0.0.255

[Sysname-acl-ipv4-basic-2000] rule deny source any

Related commands

acl

acl logging interval

display acl

step

time-range

rule (IPv6 advanced ACL view)

Use rule to create or edit an IPv6 advanced ACL rule.

Use undo rule to delete an entire IPv6 advanced ACL rule or some attributes in the rule.

Syntax

rule [ rule-id ] { deny | permit } protocol [ { { ack ack-value | fin fin-value | psh psh-value | rst rst-value | syn syn-value | urg urg-value } * | established } | counting | destination { dest-address dest-prefix | dest-address/dest-prefix | any } | destination-port operator port1 [ port2 ] | { dscp dscp | ecn ecn } * | flow-label flow-label-value | fragment | icmp6-type { icmp6-type icmp6-code | icmp6-message } | logging | qos-local-id local-id-value | routing [ type routing-type ] | hop-by-hop [ type hop-type ] | source { source-address source-prefix | source-address/source-prefix | any } | source-port operator port1 [ port2 ] | time-range time-range-name | vpn-instance vpn-instance-name ] *

undo rule rule-id [ { { ack | fin | psh | rst | syn | urg } * | established } | counting | destination | destination-port | { dscp | ecn } * | flow-label | fragment  | icmp6-type | logging | qos-local-id | routing | hop-by-hop | source | source-port | time-range | vpn-instance] *

undo rule { deny | permit } protocol [ { { ack ack-value | fin fin-value | psh psh-value | rst rst-value | syn syn-value | urg urg-value } * | established } | counting | destination { dest-address dest-prefix | dest-address/dest-prefix | any } | destination-port operator port1 [ port2 ] | { dscp dscp | ecn ecn } * | flow-label flow-label-value | fragment | icmp6-type { icmp6-type icmp6-code | icmp6-message } | logging | qos-local-id | routing [ type routing-type ] | hop-by-hop [ type hop-type ] | source { source-address source-prefix | source-address/source-prefix | any } | source-port operator port1 [ port2 ] | time-range time-range-name | vpn-instance vpn-instance-name ] *

Default

No IPv6 advanced ACL rules exist.

Views

IPv6 advanced ACL view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

Parameters

rule-id: Specifies a rule ID in the range of 0 to 65534. If you do not specify a rule ID when creating an ACL rule, the system automatically assigns it a rule ID. This rule ID is the nearest higher multiple of the numbering step to the current highest rule ID, starting from the start rule ID. For example, if the rule numbering step is 5 and the current highest rule ID is 28, the rule is numbered 30.

deny: Denies matching packets.

permit: Allows matching packets to pass.

protocol: Specifies a protocol carried over IPv6 by its number in the range of 0 to 255 or by its keyword, as shown in Table 15.

Table 15 Protocols carried over IPv6

Number

Keyword

Description

N/A

ipv6

Matches IPv6 packets.

1

icmpv6

Matches ICMPv6 packets.

6

tcp

Matches TCP packets.

17

udp

Matches UDP packets.

47

gre

Matches GRE packets. For information about GRE, see Layer 3—IP Services Configuration Guide.

50

ipv6-esp

Matches IPv6-ESP packets.

51

ipv6-ah

Matches IPv6-AH packets.

89

ospf

Matches OSPF packets.

Table 16 describes the parameters that you can specify, regardless of the value for the protocol argument.

Table 16 Match criteria and other rule information for IPv6 advanced ACL rules

Parameters

Function

Description

source { source-address source-prefix | source-address/source-prefix | any }

Specifies a source IPv6 address.

The source-address argument specifies an IPv6 source address.

The source-prefix argument specifies a prefix length in the range of 1 to 128.

The any keyword represents any IPv6 source address.

destination { dest-address dest-prefix | dest-address/dest-prefix | any }

Specifies a destination IPv6 address.

The dest-address argument specifies a destination IPv6 address.

The dest-prefix argument specifies a prefix length in the range of 1 to 128.

The any keyword represents any IPv6 destination address.

counting

Enables rule match counting in software.

The counting keyword enables match counting specific to rules, and the hardware-count keyword in the packet-filter ipv6 command enables match counting in hardware for all rules in an ACL. If the counting keyword is not specified, matches for the rule are not counted in software.

dscp dscp

Specifies a DSCP preference.

The dscp argument can be a number in the range of 0 to 63, or in words, af11 (10), af12 (12), af13 (14), af21 (18), af22 (20), af23 (22), af31 (26), af32 (28), af33 (30), af41 (34), af42 (36), af43 (38), cs1 (8), cs2 (16), cs3 (24), cs4 (32), cs5 (40), cs6 (48), cs7 (56), default (0), or ef (46).

ecn ecn

Specifies an ECN value.

The ecn argument is a number in the range of 0 to 3.

This value represents the last two bits (ECN field) in the differentiated services (DS) field of the IP header. For more information about the DS field and ECN, see QoS configuration in ACL and QoS Configuration Guide.

flow-label flow-label-value

Specifies a flow label value in an IPv6 packet header.

The flow-label-value argument is in the range of 0 to 1048575.

fragment

Applies the rule only to non-first fragments.

If you do not specify this keyword, the rule applies to all fragments and non-fragments.

logging

Logs the number of matching packets.

This feature requires that the module (for example, packet filtering) that uses the ACL supports logging.

routing [ type routing-type ]

Specifies an IPv6 routing header type.

routing-type: Value of the IPv6 routing header type, in the range of 0 to 255.

If you specify the type routing-type option, the rule applies to the specified type of IPv6 routing header. If you do not specify the type routing-type option, the rule applies to all types of IPv6 routing headers.

hop-by-hop [ type hop-type ]

Specifies an IPv6 Hop-by-Hop Options header type.

hop-type: Value of the IPv6 Hop-by-Hop Options header type, in the range of 0 to 255.

If you specify the type hop-type option, the rule applies to the specified type of IPv6 Hop-by-Hop Options header. If you do not specify the type hop-type option, the rule applies to all types of IPv6 Hop-by-Hop Options header.

time-range time-range-name

Specifies a time range for the rule.

The time-range-name argument is a case-insensitive string of 1 to 32 characters. It must start with an English letter. If the time range is not configured, the system creates the rule. However, the rule using the time range can take effect only after you configure the time range.

For more information about time range, see ACL and QoS Configuration Guide.

qos-local-id local-id-value

Specifies a local QoS ID.

The value range for the local-id-value argument is 1 to 4095.

vpn-instance vpn-instance-name

Applies the rule to an MPLS L3VPN instance.

The vpn-instance-name argument is a case-sensitive string of 1 to 31 characters.

If you do not specify a VPN instance, the rule applies to both non-VPN packets and VPN packets.

If the protocol argument is tcp (6) or udp (17), set the parameters shown in Table 17.

Table 17 TCP/UDP-specific parameters for IPv6 advanced ACL rules

Parameters

Function

Description

source-port operator port1 [ port2 ]

Specifies one or more UDP or TCP source ports.

The operator argument can be lt (lower than), gt (greater than), eq (equal to), neq (not equal to), or range (inclusive range).

The port1 and port2 arguments are TCP or UDP port numbers in the range of 0 to 65535. The port2 argument is needed only when the operator argument is range.

TCP port numbers can be represented as: chargen (19), bgp (179), cmd (514), daytime (13), discard (9), dns (53), domain (53), echo (7), exec (512), finger (79), ftp (21), ftp-data (20), gopher (70), hostname (101), irc (194), klogin (543), kshell (544), login (513), lpd (515), nntp (119), pop2 (109), pop3 (110), smtp (25), sunrpc (111), tacacs (49), talk (517), telnet (23), time (37), uucp (540), whois (43), and www (80).

UDP port numbers can be represented as: biff (512), bootpc (68), bootps (67), discard (9), dns (53), dnsix (90), echo (7), mobilip-ag (434), mobilip-mn (435), nameserver (42), netbios-dgm (138), netbios-ns (137), netbios-ssn (139), ntp (123), rip (520), snmp (161), snmptrap (162), sunrpc (111), syslog (514), tacacs-ds (65), talk (517), tftp (69), time (37), who (513), and xdmcp (177).

destination-port operator port1 [ port2 ]

Specifies one or more UDP or TCP destination ports.

{ ack ack-value | fin fin-value | psh psh-value | rst rst-value | syn syn-value | urg urg-value } *

Specifies one or more TCP flags, including ACK, FIN, PSH, RST, SYN, and URG.

Parameters specific to TCP.

The value for each argument can be 0 (flag bit not set) or 1 (flag bit set).

The TCP flags in a rule are ANDed. For example, a rule configured with ack 0 psh 1 matches packets that have the ACK flag bit not set and the PSH flag bit set.

established

Specifies the flags for indicating the established status of a TCP connection.

Parameter specific to TCP.

The rule matches TCP packets with the ACK or RST flag bit set.

If the protocol argument is icmpv6 (58), set the parameters shown in Table 18.

Table 18 ICMPv6-specific parameters for IPv6 advanced ACL rules

Parameters

Function

Description

icmp6-type { icmp6-type icmp6-code | icmp6-message }

Specifies the ICMPv6 message type and code.

The icmp6-type argument is in the range of 0 to 255.

The icmp6-code argument is in the range of 0 to 255.

The icmp6-message argument specifies a message name. Supported ICMP message names and their corresponding type and code values are listed in Table 19.

Table 19 ICMPv6 message names supported in IPv6 advanced ACL rules

ICMPv6 message name

ICMPv6 message type

ICMPv6 message code

echo-reply

129

0

echo-request

128

0

err-Header-field

4

0

frag-time-exceeded

3

1

hop-limit-exceeded

3

0

host-admin-prohib

1

1

host-unreachable

1

3

neighbor-advertisement

136

0

neighbor-solicitation

135

0

network-unreachable

1

0

packet-too-big

2

0

port-unreachable

1

4

redirect

137

0

router-advertisement

134

0

router-solicitation

133

0

unknown-ipv6-opt

4

2

unknown-next-hdr

4

1

Usage guidelines

If an IPv6 advanced ACL is for QoS traffic classification or packet filtering:

·     Do not specify the fragment keyword.

·     Do not specify neq for the operator argument.

·     Do not specify the vpn-instance, routing, hop-by-hop, or flow-label keyword if the ACL is for outbound application.

Within an ACL, the permit or deny statement of each rule must be unique. If the rule you are creating or editing has the same deny or permit statement as another rule in the ACL, the rule will not be created or changed.

You can edit ACL rules only when the match order is config.

To view the existing IPv6 basic and advanced ACL rules, use the display acl ipv6 all command.

The undo rule rule-id command without any optional parameters deletes an entire rule. If you specify optional parameters, the undo rule rule-id command deletes the specified attributes for a rule.

The undo rule { deny | permit } command can only be used to delete an entire rule. You must specify all the attributes of the rule for the command.

Examples

# Create an IPv6 advanced ACL rule to permit TCP packets with the destination port 80 from 2030:5060::/64 to FE80:5060::/96.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] acl ipv6 advanced 3000

[Sysname-acl-ipv6-adv-3000] rule permit tcp source 2030:5060::/64 destination fe80:5060::/96 destination-port eq 80

# Create IPv6 advanced ACL rules to permit all IPv6 packets but the ICMPv6 packets destined for FE80:5060:1001::/48.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] acl ipv6 advanced 3001

[Sysname-acl-ipv6-adv-3001] rule deny icmpv6 destination fe80:5060:1001:: 48

[Sysname-acl-ipv6-adv-3001] rule permit ipv6

# Create IPv6 advanced ACL rules to permit inbound and outbound FTP packets.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] acl ipv6 advanced 3002

[Sysname-acl-ipv6-adv-3002] rule permit tcp source-port eq ftp

[Sysname-acl-ipv6-adv-3002] rule permit tcp source-port eq ftp-data

[Sysname-acl-ipv6-adv-3002] rule permit tcp destination-port eq ftp

[Sysname-acl-ipv6-adv-3002] rule permit tcp destination-port eq ftp-data

# Create IPv6 advanced ACL rules to permit inbound and outbound SNMP and SNMP trap packets.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] acl ipv6 advanced 3003

[Sysname-acl-ipv6-adv-3003] rule permit udp source-port eq snmp

[Sysname-acl-ipv6-adv-3003] rule permit udp source-port eq snmptrap

[Sysname-acl-ipv6-adv-3003] rule permit udp destination-port eq snmp

[Sysname-acl-ipv6-adv-3003] rule permit udp destination-port eq snmptrap

# Create IPv6 advanced ACL 3004, and configure two rules: one permits packets with the Hop-by-Hop Options header type as 5, and the other one denies packets with other Hop-by-Hop Options header types.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] acl ipv6 advanced 3004

[Sysname-acl-ipv6-adv-3004] rule permit ipv6 hop-by-hop type 5

[Sysname-acl-ipv6-adv-3004] rule deny ipv6 hop-by-hop

Related commands

acl

acl logging interval

display acl

step

time-range

rule (IPv6 basic ACL view)

Use rule to create or edit an IPv6 basic ACL rule.

Use undo rule to delete an entire IPv6 basic ACL rule or some attributes in the rule.

Syntax

rule [ rule-id ] { deny | permit } [ counting | fragment | logging | routing [ type routing-type ] | source { source-address source-prefix | source-address/source-prefix | any } | time-range time-range-name | vpn-instance vpn-instance-name ] *

undo rule rule-id [ counting | fragment | logging | routing | source | time-range | vpn-instance ] *

undo rule { deny | permit } [ counting | fragment | logging | routing [ type routing-type ] | source { source-address source-prefix | source-address/source-prefix | any } | time-range time-range-name | vpn-instance vpn-instance-name ] *

Default

No IPv6 basic ACL rules exist.

Views

IPv6 basic ACL view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

Parameters

rule-id: Specifies a rule ID in the range of 0 to 65534. If you do not specify a rule ID when creating an ACL rule, the system automatically assigns it a rule ID. This rule ID is the nearest higher multiple of the numbering step to the current highest rule ID, starting from the start rule ID. For example, if the rule numbering step is 5 and the current highest rule ID is 28, the rule is numbered 30.

deny: Denies matching packets.

permit: Allows matching packets to pass.

counting: Enables rule match counting in software. If you do not specify this keyword, matches for the rule are not counted in software.

fragment: Applies the rule only to non-first fragments. If you do not specify this keyword, the rule applies to both fragments and non-fragments.

logging: Logs the number of matching packets. This feature is available only when the application module (for example, packet filtering) that uses the ACL supports the logging feature.

routing [ type routing-type ]: Applies the rule to the specified type of IPv6 routing header or all types of IPv6 routing headers. The routing-type argument specifies the value of the IPv6 routing header type, in the range of 0 to 255. If you do not specify the type routing-type option, the rule applies to all types of IPv6 routing headers.

source { source-address source-prefix | source-address/source-prefix | any }: Matches a source IPv6 address. The source-address argument specifies a source IPv6 address. The source-prefix argument specifies an address prefix length in the range of 1 to 128. The any keyword represents any IPv6 source address.

time-range time-range-name: Specifies a time range for the rule. The time-range-name argument is a case-insensitive string of 1 to 32 characters. It must start with an English letter. If the time range is not configured, the system creates the rule. However, the rule using the time range can take effect only after you configure the time range. For more information about time range, see ACL and QoS Configuration Guide.

vpn-instance vpn-instance-name: Applies the rule to an MPLS L3VPN instance. The vpn-instance-name argument is a case-sensitive string of 1 to 31 characters. If you do not specify a VPN instance, the rule applies to both non-VPN packets and VPN packets.

Usage guidelines

Within an ACL, the permit or deny statement of each rule must be unique. If the rule you are creating or editing has the same deny or permit statement as another rule in the ACL, the rule will not be created or changed.

You can edit ACL rules only when the match order is config.

The counting keyword in this command enables match counting specific to rules, and the hardware-count keyword in the packet-filter ipv6 command enables match counting in hardware for all rules in an ACL.

To view the existing IPv6 basic and advanced ACL rules, use the display acl ipv6 all command.

The undo rule rule-id command without any optional parameters deletes an entire rule. If you specify optional parameters, the undo rule rule-id command deletes the specified attributes for a rule.

The undo rule { deny | permit } command can only be used to delete an entire rule. You must specify all the attributes of the rule for the command.

Examples

# Create an IPv6 basic ACL rule to deny the packets from any source IP subnet but 1001::/16, 3124:1123::/32, or FE80:5060:1001::/48.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] acl ipv6 basic 2000

[Sysname-acl-ipv6-basic-2000] rule permit source 1001:: 16

[Sysname-acl-ipv6-basic-2000] rule permit source 3124:1123:: 32

[Sysname-acl-ipv6-basic-2000] rule permit source fe80:5060:1001:: 48

[Sysname-acl-ipv6-basic-2000] rule deny source any

Related commands

acl

acl logging interval

display acl

step

time-range

rule (Layer 2 ACL view)

Use rule to create or edit a Layer 2 ACL rule.

Use undo rule to delete an entire Layer 2 ACL rule or some attributes in the rule.

Syntax

rule [ rule-id ] { deny | permit } [ cos dot1p | counting | dest-mac dest-address dest-mask | { lsap lsap-type lsap-type-mask | type protocol-type protocol-type-mask } | source-mac source-address source-mask | time-range time-range-name ] *

rule [ rule-id ] { deny | permit } vxlan [ counting | dest-mac dest-address dest-mask | inner-dest-mac inner-dest-address inner-dest-mask | inner-source-mac inner-source-address inner-source-mask | inner-type inner-protocol-type inner-protocol-type-mask | source-mac source-address source-mask | time-range time-range-name | type protocol-type protocol-type-mask | vxlan-id vxlan-id ] *

undo rule rule-id [ counting | time-range ] *

undo rule { deny | permit } [ cos dot1p | counting | dest-mac dest-address dest-mask | { lsap lsap-type lsap-type-mask | type protocol-type protocol-type-mask } | source-mac source-address source-mask | time-range time-range-name ] *

undo rule { deny | permit } vxlan [ counting | dest-mac dest-address dest-mask | inner-dest-mac inner-dest-address inner-dest-mask | inner-source-mac inner-source-address inner-source-mask | inner-type inner-protocol-type inner-protocol-type-mask | source-mac source-address source-mask | time-range time-range-name | type protocol-type protocol-type-mask | vxlan-id vxlan-id ] *

Default

No Layer 2 ACL rules exist.

Views

Layer 2 ACL view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

Parameters

rule-id: Specifies a rule ID in the range of 0 to 65534. If you do not specify a rule ID when creating an ACL rule, the system automatically assigns it a rule ID. This rule ID is the nearest higher multiple of the numbering step to the current highest rule ID, starting from the start rule ID. For example, if the rule numbering step is 5 and the current highest rule ID is 28, the rule is numbered 30.

deny: Denies matching packets.

permit: Allows matching packets to pass.

cos dot1p: Matches an 802.1p priority. The 802.1p priority can be specified by one of the following values:

·     A priority number in the range of 0 to 7.

·     A priority name: best-effort (0), background (1), spare (2), excellent-effort (3), controlled-load (4), video (5), voice (6), or network-management (7).

counting: Enables rule match counting in software. If you do not specify this keyword, matches for the rule are not counted in software.

dest-mac dest-address dest-mask: Matches a destination MAC address range. The dest-address and dest-mask arguments represent a destination MAC address and mask in the H-H-H format.

lsap lsap-type lsap-type-mask: Matches the DSAP and SSAP fields in LLC encapsulation. The lsap-type argument is a hexadecimal number that represents the encapsulation format. The value range for the lsap-type argument is 0 to ffff. The lsap-type-mask argument is a hexadecimal number that represents the LSAP mask. The value range for the lsap-type-mask argument is 0 to ffff.

type protocol-type protocol-type-mask: Matches one or more protocols in the Layer 2. The protocol-type argument is a hexadecimal number that represents a protocol type in Ethernet_II and Ethernet_SNAP frames. The value range for the protocol-type argument is 0 to ffff. The protocol-type-mask argument is a hexadecimal number that represents a protocol type mask. The value range for the protocol-type-mask argument is 0 to ffff.

source-mac source-address source-mask: Matches a source MAC address range. The source-address argument represents a source MAC address, and the sour-mask argument represents a mask in the H-H-H format.

time-range time-range-name: Specifies a time range for the rule. The time-range-name argument is a case-insensitive string of 1 to 32 characters. It must start with an English letter. If the time range is not configured, the system creates the rule. However, the rule using the time range can take effect only after you configure the time range. For more information about time range, see ACL and QoS Configuration Guide.

vxlan: Specifies VXLAN encapsulation.

vxlan-id vxlan-id: Specifies a VXLAN ID in the range of 0 to 16777215.

inner-type inner-protocol-type inner-protocol-type-mask: Matches inner link layer protocols. The inner-protocol-type argument is a 16-bit hexadecimal number that represents a protocol type in inner Ethernet_II and Ethernet_SNAP frames. The protocol-type-mask argument is a 16-bit hexadecimal number that represents a protocol type mask.

inner-source-mac inner-source-address inner-source-mask: Matches an inner source MAC address range. The inner-source-address argument represents an inner source MAC address in the H-H-H format and the inner-source-mask argument represents a mask in the H-H-H format.

inner-dest-mac inner-dest-address inner-dest-mask: Matches an inner destination MAC address range. The inner-dest-address and inner-dest-mask arguments represent an inner destination MAC address and a mask in the H-H-H format.

Usage guidelines

Within an ACL, the permit or deny statement of each rule must be unique. If the rule you are creating or editing has the same deny or permit statement as another rule in the ACL, the rule will not be created or changed.

You can edit ACL rules only when the match order is config.

The counting keyword in this command enables match counting specific to rules, and the hardware-count keyword in the packet-filter command enables match counting in hardware for all rules in an ACL.

To view the existing Layer 2 ACL rules, use the display acl mac all command.

The undo rule rule-id command without any optional parameters deletes an entire rule. If you specify optional parameters, the undo rule rule-id command deletes the specified attributes for the rule.

The undo rule { deny | permit } command can only be used to delete an entire rule. You must specify all the attributes of the rule for the command.

Examples

# Create a rule in Layer 2 ACL 4000 to permit ARP packets and deny RARP packets.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] acl mac 4000

[Sysname-acl-mac-4000] rule permit type 0806 ffff

[Sysname-acl-mac-4000] rule deny type 8035 ffff

# Create a rule in Layer 2 ACL 4001 to permit VXLAN packets whose VXLAN ID is 300.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] acl mac 4001

[Sysname-acl-mac-4001] rule permit vxlan vxlan-id 300

Related commands

acl

display acl

step

time-range

rule (user-defined ACL view)

Use rule to create or edit a user-defined ACL rule.

Use undo rule to delete a user-defined ACL rule.

Syntax

Command set 1:

rule [ rule-id ] { deny | permit } [ { { ipv4 | l2 | l4 }rule-string rule-mask offset }&<1-8> ] [ counting | time-range time-range-name ] *

undo rule rule-id

undo rule { deny | permit } [ { { ipv4 | l2 | l4 } rule-string rule-mask offset }&<1-8> ] [ counting | time-range time-range-name ] *

Command set 2:

rule [ rule-id ] { deny | permit } [ ipv6-protocol ] protocol [ destination { dest-address dest-wildcard | any } | destination-port { operator port1 [ port2 ] } | dscp dscp | source { source-address source-wildcard | any } | source-port { operator port1 [ port2 ] } | udf-format ] * [ { { ipv4 | l2 | l4 | l5 } rule-string rule-mask offset }&<1-8> ] [ counting | time-range time-range-name ] *

undo rule rule-id [ ipv6-protocol ] [ destination | destination-port | dscp | source | source-port | udf-format | ipv4 | l2 | l4 | l5 | counting | time-range ] *

undo rule { deny | permit } [ ipv6-protocol ] protocol [ destination { dest-address dest-wildcard | any } | destination-port { operator port1 [ port2 ] } } | dscp dscp | source { source-address source-wildcard | any } | source-port { operator port1 [ port2 ] } | udf-format ] * [ { { ipv4| l2 | l4 | l5 } rule-string rule-mask offset }&<1-8> ] [ counting | time-range time-range-name ] *

Default

No user-defined ACL rules exist.

Views

User-defined ACL view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

Parameters

rule-id: Specifies a rule ID in the range of 0 to 65534. If you do not specify a rule ID when creating an ACL rule, the system automatically assigns it a rule ID. This rule ID is the nearest higher multiple of the numbering step to the current highest rule ID, starting from 0. The numbering step for user-defined ACLs is fixed at 5. For example, if the rule numbering step is 5 and the current highest rule ID is 28, the rule is numbered 30.

deny: Denies matching packets.

permit: Allows matching packets to pass.

ipv4: Specifies that the offset is relative to the beginning of the IPv4 header.

l2: Specifies that the offset is relative to the beginning of the Layer 2 frame header.

l4: Specifies that the offset is relative to the beginning of the Layer 4 header.

l5: Specifies that the offset is relative to the beginning of the Layer 5 header.

rule-string: Defines a match pattern in hexadecimal format. Its length must be a multiple of two.

rule-mask: Defines a match pattern mask in hexadecimal format. Its length must be the same as that of the match pattern. A match pattern mask is used for ANDing the selected string of a packet.

offset: Specifies an offset in bytes after which the match operation begins.

&<1-8>: Specifies that up to eight match patterns can be defined in the ACL rule.

counting: Enables rule match counting in software. If you do not specify this keyword, matches for the rule are not counted in software.

time-range time-range-name: Specifies a time range for the rule. The time-range-name argument is a case-insensitive string of 1 to 32 characters. It must start with an English letter. If the time range is not configured, the system creates the rule. However, the rule using the time range can take effect only after you configure the time range. For more information about time range, see ACL and QoS Configuration Guide.

ipv6-protocol: Matches IPv6 packets. If you specify this parameter, do not specify the ipv4 keyword in the command. If you do not specify this parameter, the command matches IPv4 packets, and do not specify the ipv6 keyword in the command.

protocol: Specifies one of the following values:

·     For IPv4:

¡     A protocol number in the range of 0 to 255.

¡     A protocol by its name: gre (47), icmp (1), igmp (2), ip, ipinip (4), ospf (89), tcp (6), or udp (17). The ip keyword specifies all protocols.

·     For IPv6:

¡     A protocol number in the range of 0 to 255.

¡     A protocol by its name: gre (47), icmpv6 (58), ipv6, ipv6-ah (51), ipv6-esp (50), ospf (89), tcp (6), or udp (17). The ipv6 keyword specifies all protocols.

dscp dscp: Specifies a DSCP value, which can be a number from 0 to 63 or a keyword in Table 20.

Table 20 DSCP keywords and values

Keyword

DSCP value (binary)

DSCP value (decimal)

af11

001010

10

af12

001100

12

af13

001110

14

af21

010010

18

af22

010100

20

af23

010110

22

af31

011010

26

af32

011100

28

af33

011110

30

af41

100010

34

af42

100100

36

af43

100110

38

cs1

001000

8

cs2

010000

16

cs3

011000

24

cs4

100000

32

cs5

101000

40

cs6

110000

48

cs7

111000

56

default

000000

0

ef

101110

46

 

source { source-address source-wildcard | any }: Specifies a source IP address.

·     The source-address source-wildcard arguments specify a source IP address and a wildcard mask in dotted decimal notation. An all-zero wildcard represents a host address.

·     The any keyword specifies any source IP address.

destination { dest-address dest-wildcard | any }: Specifies a destination IP address.

·     The dest-address dest-wildcard arguments specify a destination IP address and a wildcard mask in dotted decimal notation. An all-zero wildcard represents a host address.

·     The any keyword specifies any destination IP address.

source-port { operator port1 [ port2 ] }: Specifies one or more source TCP or UDP ports.

·     The operator argument can be lt (lower than), gt (greater than), eq (equal to), neq (not equal to), or range (inclusive range).

·     The port1 and port2 arguments are TCP or UDP port numbers in the range of 0 to 65535. The port2 argument is needed only when the operator argument is range.

destination-port { operator port1 [ port2 ] }: Specifies one or more destination TCP or UDP ports.

·     The operator argument can be lt (lower than), gt (greater than), eq (equal to), neq (not equal to), or range (inclusive range).

·     The port1 and port2 arguments are TCP or UDP port numbers in the range of 0 to 65535. The port2 argument is needed only when the operator argument is range.

udf-format: Specifies the packet format. The following packet formats are supported:

·     ifa—Matches INT packets.

·     raw_ip—For IPv4, matches packets excepts for GRE, ICMP, IGMP, IPinIP, OSPF, TCP, and UDP packets. For IPv6, matches packets excepts for GRE, ICMPv6, IPv6, IPv6-AH, IPv6-ESP, TCP, and UDP packets.

·     vxlan—Matches VXLAN packets.

Usage guidelines

Within an ACL, the permit or deny statement of each rule must be unique. If the rule you are creating or editing has the same deny or permit statement as another rule in the ACL, the rule will not be created or changed.

Both the undo rule rule-id command and the undo rule { deny | permit } command can delete an entire rule. When you use the undo rule { deny | permit } command, you must specify all the attributes of the rule. The undo rule { deny | permit } command is used to delete rules without rule IDs created by scripts.

For command set 2:

·     In addition to use-defined strings, a rule can use the source IP address, destination IP address, port number, and protocol type to match packets.

·     To match INT packets, follow these rules:

¡     To match TCP INT packets, specify tcp for the protocol argument.

¡     To match UDP INT packets, specify udp for the protocol argument.

¡     Specify ifa for the udf-format argument, and specify l5 for offset purposes.

·     To match TCP packets, specify tcp for the protocol argument, and specify l5 for offset purposes.

·     To match UDP packets, specify udp for the protocol argument, and specify l5 for offset purposes.

·     To match IP packets, specify ip for the protocol argument, and specify l4 for offset purposes.

·     To match VXLAN packets, specify udp for the protocol argument, and specify vxlan for the udf-format argument.

·     The l4 and l5 keywords have different meanings for GRE packets and IP-in-IP packets and for IP packets. For example, to match source TCP port number 1000 in IP-in-IP packets, you must configure the rule permit ipinip l4 03e8 ffff 20 command. The string 20 indicates the offset from the second IP header to the TCP header.

·     You can use the undo rule rule-id command to delete some attributes of the rule by specifying keywords in the command or delete the entire rule without specifying any keywords.

·     For a rule to take effect, do not configure both IPv4 and IPv6 attributes in the rule.

·     To match the inner header information of incoming VXLAN packets by using an ACL in a packet filter or QoS policy, configure the rule to match the header information of the packets after decapsulation. This is because the incoming VXLAN packets will be decapsulated before being forwarded to the AC and the ACL matches the packets after decapsulation.

The counting keyword in this command enables match counting specific to rules, and the hardware-count keyword in the packet-filter command enables match counting in hardware for all rules in an ACL.

To view the existing user-defined ACL rules, use the display acl user-defined all command.

Examples

# Create a rule for user-defined ACL 5006 to permit ARP packets where the 12th and 13th bytes starting from the Layer 2 header are 0x0806.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] acl user-defined 5006

[Sysname-acl-user-5006] rule permit l2 0806 ffff 12

# Create a rule for user-defined ACL 5006 to allow hosts in subnet 129.9.0.0/16 to establish connections with destination port 80 on hosts in subnet 202.38.160.0/24.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] acl user-defined 5006

[Sysname-acl-user-5006] rule permit tcp source 129.9.0.0 0.0.255.255 destination 202.38.160.0 0.0.0.255

# Create a rule for user-defined ACL 5007 to allow hosts in subnet 2030:5060::/64 to establish connections with destination port 80 on hosts in subnet FE80:5060::/96.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] acl user-defined 5007

[Sysname-acl-user-5007] rule permit ipv6-protocol tcp source 2030:5060::/64 destination fe80:5060::/96

# Create a rule for user-defined ACL 5008 to allow VXLAN packets to pass through.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] acl user-defined 5008

[Sysname-acl-user-5008] rule permit udp vxlan

Related commands

acl

display acl

time-range

rule comment

Use rule comment to configure a comment for an ACL rule.

Use undo rule comment to delete an ACL rule comment.

Syntax

rule rule-id comment text

undo rule rule-id comment

Default

A rule does not have a comment.

Views

IPv4 basic/advanced ACL view

IPv6 basic/advanced ACL view

Layer 2 ACL view

User-defined ACL view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

Parameters

rule-id: Specifies an ACL rule ID in the range of 0 to 65534. The ACL rule must already exist.

text: Specifies a comment about the ACL rule, a case-sensitive string of 1 to 127 characters.

Usage guidelines

This command adds a comment to a rule if the rule does not have a comment. It modifies the comment for a rule if the rule already has a comment.

Examples

# Create a rule for IPv4 basic ACL 2000, and add a comment about the rule.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] acl basic 2000

[Sysname-acl-ipv4-basic-2000] rule 0 deny source 1.1.1.1 0

[Sysname-acl-ipv4-basic-2000] rule 0 comment This rule is used on twenty-fivegige 1/0/1.

Related commands

display acl

step

Use step to set a rule numbering step for an ACL.

Use undo step to restore the default.

Syntax

step step-value [ start start-value ]

undo step

Default

The rule numbering step is 5, and the start rule ID is 0.

Views

IPv4 basic/advanced ACL view

IPv6 basic/advanced ACL view

Layer 2 ACL view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

Parameters

step-value: Specifies the ACL rule numbering step in the range of 1 to 20.

start start-value: Specifies the start rule ID in the range of 0 to 20.

Usage guidelines

The rule numbering step sets the increment by which the system numbers rules automatically. If you do not specify a rule ID when creating an ACL rule, the system automatically assigns it a rule ID. This rule ID is the nearest higher multiple of the numbering step to the current highest rule ID, starting from the start rule ID. For example, if the rule numbering step is 5 and the current highest rule ID is 12, the rule is numbered 15.

The wider the numbering step, the more rules you can insert between two rules. Whenever the step or start rule ID changes, the rules are renumbered, starting from the start rule ID. For example, if there are five rules numbered 0, 5, 9, 10, and 15, changing the step from 5 to 2 causes the rules to be renumbered 0, 2, 4, 6, and 8.

Examples

# Set the rule numbering step to 2 for IPv4 basic ACL 2000.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] acl basic 2000

[Sysname-acl-ipv4-basic-2000] step 2

Related commands

display acl