06-IP Multicast Command Reference

HomeSupportResource CenterH3C S6850 & S9850 Switch Series Command References-Release 655x-6W10106-IP Multicast Command Reference
06-PIM commands
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06-PIM commands 277.83 KB

Contents

PIM commands· 1

anycast-rp (PIM view) 1

auto-rp enable (PIM view) 1

bidir-pim enable (PIM view) 2

bidir-rp-limit (PIM view) 2

bsm-fragment enable (PIM view) 3

bsm-reflection enable (PIM view) 4

bsr-policy (PIM view) 4

c-bsr (PIM view) 5

c-rp (PIM view) 6

crp-policy (PIM view) 7

display interface register-tunnel 8

display pim bsr-info· 10

display pim claimed-route· 12

display pim c-rp· 13

display pim df-info· 14

display pim interface· 15

display pim neighbor 18

display pim routing-table· 19

display pim rp-info· 23

display pim statistics· 25

dscp· 26

hello-option dr-priority (PIM view) 27

hello-option holdtime (PIM view) 28

hello-option lan-delay (PIM view) 28

hello-option neighbor-tracking (PIM view) 29

hello-option override-interval (PIM view) 30

holdtime join-prune (PIM view) 30

jp-pkt-size (PIM view) 31

pim·· 32

pim bfd enable· 32

pim bsr-boundary· 33

pim dm·· 34

pim hello-option dr-priority· 34

pim hello-option holdtime· 35

pim hello-option lan-delay· 36

pim hello-option neighbor-tracking· 36

pim hello-option override-interval 37

pim holdtime join-prune· 38

pim neighbor-policy· 39

pim non-stop-routing· 39

pim passive· 40

pim require-genid· 40

pim sm·· 41

pim state-refresh-capable· 42

pim timer graft-retry· 42

pim timer hello· 43

pim timer join-prune· 43

pim triggered-hello-delay· 44

register-policy (PIM view) 45

register-suppression-timeout (PIM view) 46

register-whole-checksum (PIM view) 46

snmp-agent trap enable pim·· 47

source-lifetime (PIM view) 47

source-policy (PIM view) 48

spt-switch-threshold (PIM view) 49

ssm-policy (PIM view) 50

state-refresh-interval (PIM view) 51

state-refresh-rate-limit (PIM view) 51

state-refresh-ttl (PIM view) 52

static-rp (PIM view) 52

timer hello (PIM view) 54

timer join-prune (PIM view) 54


PIM commands

anycast-rp (PIM view)

Use anycast-rp to add an anycast RP member to an Anycast RP set.

Use undo anycast-rp to remove an anycast RP member from an Anycast RP set.

Syntax

anycast-rp anycast-rp-address member-address

undo anycast-rp anycast-rp-address member-address

Default

No Anycast RP sets exist.

Views

PIM view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

Parameters

anycast-rp-address: Specifies an Anycast RP address. It must be a legal unicast IP address that is not in the range of 127.0.0.0/8.

member-address: Specifies an Anycast RP member address. It must be a legal unicast IP address that is not in the range of 127.0.0.0/8 and must be different from the Anycast RP address.

Usage guidelines

To add multiple RP member addresses to an Anycast RP set, execute this command multiple times with the same Anycast RP address but different RP member addresses.

To configure multiple Anycast RP sets, execute this command multiple times with different Anycast RP addresses.

Examples

# Add Anycast RP members 1.1.0.1 and 1.2.0.1 to Anycast RP set 1.1.0.0 on the public network.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] pim

[Sysname-pim] anycast-rp 1.1.0.0 1.1.0.1

[Sysname-pim] anycast-rp 1.1.0.0 1.2.0.1

Related commands

display pim rp-info

auto-rp enable (PIM view)

Use auto-rp enable to enable Auto-RP listening.

Use undo auto-rp enable to disable Auto-RP listening.

Syntax

auto-rp enable

undo auto-rp enable

Default

Auto-RP listening is disabled.

Views

PIM view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

Examples

# Enable Auto-RP listening on the public network.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] pim

[Sysname-pim] auto-rp enable

bidir-pim enable (PIM view)

Use bidir-pim enable to enable BIDIR-PIM.

Use undo bidir-pim enable to disable BIDIR-PIM.

Syntax

bidir-pim enable

undo bidir-pim enable

Default

BIDIR-PIM is disabled.

Views

PIM view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

Usage guidelines

This command takes effect only when IP multicast routing is enabled on the public network or for a VPN instance to which the device belongs.

Examples

# Enable IP multicast routing on the public network, and enable BIDIR-PIM.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] multicast routing

[Sysname-mrib] quit

[Sysname] pim

[Sysname-pim] bidir-pim enable

Related commands

multicast routing

bidir-rp-limit (PIM view)

Use bidir-rp-limit to set the maximum number of BIDIR-PIM RPs.

Use undo bidir-rp-limit to restore the default.

Syntax

bidir-rp-limit limit

undo bidir-rp-limit

Default

The maximum number of BIDIR-PIM RPs is 6.

Views

PIM view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

Parameters

limit: Specifies the maximum number of BIDIR-PIM RPs, in the range of 1 to 32.

Usage guidelines

In a BIDIR-PIM domain, one DF election per RP is implemented on all PIM interfaces. To avoid unnecessary DF elections, do not configure multiple BIDIR-PIM RPs.

This command sets a limit on the number of BIDIR-PIM RPs. If the number of RPs exceeds the limit, excess RPs can be used only for DF election rather than multicast data forwarding.

Examples

# Set the maximum number of BIDIR-PIM RPs to 3 on the public network.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] pim

[Sysname-pim] bidir-rp-limit 3

bsm-fragment enable (PIM view)

Use bsm-fragment enable to enable bootstrap message (BSM) semantic fragmentation.

Use undo bsm-fragment enable to disable BSM semantic fragmentation.

Syntax

bsm-fragment enable

undo bsm-fragment enable

Default

BSM semantic fragmentation is enabled.

Views

PIM view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

Usage guidelines

Disable BSM semantic fragmentation if the PIM-SM or BIDIR-PIM domain contains a device that does not support BSM semantic fragmentation.

Examples

# Disable BSM semantic fragmentation on the public network.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] pim

[Sysname-pim] undo bsm-fragment enable

bsm-reflection enable (PIM view)

Use bsm-reflection enable to enable the device to forward BSMs out of their incoming interfaces.

Use undo bsm-reflection enable to disable the device from forwarding BSMs out of their incoming interfaces.

Syntax

bsm-reflection enable

undo bsm-reflection enable

Default

The device forwards BSMs out of their incoming interfaces.

Views

PIM view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

Usage guidelines

Disable this feature if all the devices in the PIM-SM or BIDIR-PIM domain have consistent routing information.

Examples

# Disable the device from forwarding BSMs out of their incoming interfaces on the public network.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] pim

[Sysname-pim] undo bsm-reflection enable

bsr-policy (PIM view)

Use bsr-policy to configure a BSR policy.

Use undo bsr-policy to restore the default.

Syntax

bsr-policy ipv4-acl-number

undo bsr-policy

Default

No BSR policy exists, and all bootstrap messages are regarded as legal.

Views

PIM view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

Parameters

ipv4-acl-number: Specifies an IPv4 basic ACL by its number in the range of 2000 to 2999.

Usage guidelines

A BSR policy filters bootstrap messages to guard against BSR spoofing.

When you configure a rule in the IPv4 basic ACL, follow these restrictions and guidelines:

·     For the rule to take effect, do not specify the vpn-instance vpn-instance option.

·     The source source-address source-wildcard option specifies a BSR address.

·     Among the other optional parameters, only the fragment keyword and the time-range time-range-name option take effect.

If you execute this command multiple times, the most recent configuration takes effect.

Examples

# Configure a BSR policy on the public network so that only the devices on subnet 10.1.1.0/24 can act as the BSR.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] acl basic 2000

[Sysname-acl-ipv4-basic-2000] rule permit source 10.1.1.0 0.0.0.255

[Sysname-acl-ipv4-basic-2000] quit

[Sysname] pim

[Sysname-pim] bsr-policy 2000

Related commands

c-bsr (PIM view)

c-bsr (PIM view)

Use c-bsr to configure a candidate-BSR (C-BSR).

Use undo c-bsr to remove the configuration of a C-BSR.

Syntax

c-bsr ip-address [ scope group-address { mask-length | mask } ] [ hash-length hash-length | priority priority ] *

undo c-bsr ip-address [ scope group-address { mask-length | mask } ]

Default

No C-BSRs exist.

Views

PIM view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

Parameters

ip-address: Specifies the IP address of a C-BSR. You must specify the IP address of a local PIM interface.

scope group-address: Specifies a multicast group by its IP address in the range of 239.0.0.0 to 239.255.255.255. If you do not specify a multicast group, this command designates the C-BSR to the global-scoped zone.

mask-length: Specifies an address mask length in the range of 8 to 32.

mask: Specifies an address mask.

hash-length hash-length: Specifies a hash mask length in the range of 0 to 32. The default setting is 30.

priority priority: Specifies a C-BSR priority in the range of 0 to 255. The default setting is 64. The greater the value, the higher the priority.

Usage guidelines

If you execute this command for a zone multiple times, the most recent configuration takes effect.

You can configure the same C-BSR for different zones.

Examples

# Configure the interface with IP address 1.1.1.1 as a C-BSR for the global-scoped zone on the public network.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] pim

[Sysname-pim] c-bsr 1.1.1.1

c-rp (PIM view)

Use c-rp to configure a candidate-RP (C-RP).

Use undo c-rp to remove the configuration of a C-RP.

Syntax

c-rp ip-address [ advertisement-interval adv-interval | group-policy ipv4-acl-number | holdtime hold-time | priority priority ] * [ bidir ]

undo c-rp ip-address

Default

No C-RPs exist.

Views

PIM view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

Parameters

ip-address: Specifies the IP address of a C-RP. You must specify the IP address of a local PIM interface.

advertisement-interval adv-interval: Specifies a C-RP advertisement interval in the range of 1 to 65535 seconds. The default value is 60 seconds.

group-policy ipv4-acl-number: Specifies an IPv4 basic ACL by its number in the range of 2000 to 2999. If you specify an ACL, this command designates the C-RP to IPv4 multicast groups in C-RP advertisement messages that the ACL permits. The C-RP is designated to all IPv4 multicast groups when one of the following conditions exists:

·     You do not specify an ACL.

·     The specified ACL does not exist.

·     The specified ACL does not have valid rules.

holdtime hold-time: Specifies a C-RP lifetime in the range of 1 to 65535 seconds. The default value is 150 seconds.

priority priority: Specifies a C-RP priority in the range of 0 to 255. The default setting is 192. The greater the value, the lower the priority.

bidir: Specifies BIDIR-PIM to which the C-RP is designated. If you do not specify this keyword, the C-RP provides services for PIM-SM.

Usage guidelines

To designate a C-RP to multiple multicast group ranges, create multiple rules that specify different multicast group ranges in the ACL.

When you configure a rule in the IPv4 basic ACL, follow these restrictions and guidelines:

·     For the rule to take effect, do not specify the vpn-instance vpn-instance option.

·     The source source-address source-wildcard option specifies a multicast group range.

·     Among the other optional parameters, only the fragment keyword and the time-range time-range-name option take effect.

If you execute this command by using the same C-RP address multiple times, the most recent configuration takes effect.

Examples

# Configure the interface with IP address 1.1.1.1 as a C-RP for multicast group ranges 225.1.0.0/16 and 226.2.0.0/16 and set its priority to 10 on the public network.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] acl basic 2000

[Sysname-acl-ipv4-basic-2000] rule permit source 225.1.0.0 0.0.255.255

[Sysname-acl-ipv4-basic-2000] rule permit source 226.2.0.0 0.0.255.255

[Sysname-acl-ipv4-basic-2000] quit

[Sysname] pim

[Sysname-pim] c-rp 1.1.1.1 group-policy 2000 priority 10

crp-policy (PIM view)

Use crp-policy to configure a C-RP policy.

Use undo crp-policy to restore the default.

Syntax

crp-policy ipv4-acl-number

undo crp-policy

Default

No C-RP policy exists, and all C-RP messages are regarded as legal.

Views

PIM view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

Parameters

ipv4-acl-number: Specifies an IPv4 advanced ACL number in the range of 3000 to 3999.

Usage guidelines

A C-RP policy filters C-RP advertisement messages to guard against C-RP spoofing.

The device uses only the prefixes of the multicast group ranges in advertisement messages to match the destination field in ACL rules. For example, the multicast group range in an advertisement message is 224.1.0.0/16. If the prefix 224.1.0.0 is in the range specified by the destination field of an ACL rule, the specified C-RPs are designated to this multicast group range.

When you configure a rule in the IPv4 advanced ACL, follow these restrictions and guidelines:

·     For the rule to take effect, do not specify the vpn-instance vpn-instance option.

·     The source source-address source-wildcard option specifies an RP address.

·     The destination dest-address dest-wildcard option specifies a multicast group address.

·     Among the other optional parameters, only the fragment keyword and the time-range time-range-name option take effect.

If you execute this command multiple times, the most recent configuration takes effect.

Examples

# Configure a C-RP policy on the public network so that only devices in the range of 1.1.1.1/24 can be C-RPs for the groups in the range of 225.1.1.0/24.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] acl advanced 3000

[Sysname-acl-ipv4-adv-3000] rule permit ip source 1.1.1.1 0.0.0.255 destination 225.1.1.0 0.0.0.255

[Sysname-acl-ipv4-adv-3000] quit

[Sysname] pim

[Sysname-pim] crp-policy 3000

Related commands

c-rp (PIM view)

display interface register-tunnel

Use display interface register-tunnel to display register-tunnel interface information.

Syntax

display interface [ register-tunnel [ interface-number ] ] [ brief [ description | down ] ]

Views

Any view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

network-operator

Parameters

register-tunnel [ interface-number ]: Specifies a register-tunnel interface by its number. The device has only one register-tunnel interface, Register-Tunnel 0. If you specify the register-tunnel keyword, this command displays information about Register-Tunnel 0 regardless of whether you specify an interface number. If you do not specify the register-tunnel keyword, this command displays information about all interfaces.

brief: Displays brief information. If you do not specify this keyword, the command displays detailed information.

description: Displays the full interface description. If you do not specify this keyword, the command displays only the first 27 characters of the interface description.

down: Displays information about the interfaces in down state and the reasons why the interfaces are down. If you do not specify this keyword, the command displays information about interfaces in all states.

Usage guidelines

The register-tunnel interface is a virtual interface that is automatically created by the system. You cannot configure it or delete it, but you can display the interface information by using this command.

In the initial stage of multicast source registration, the register-tunnel interface is used to establish a channel between the source-side DR and the RP to transmit multicast register messages. The process of initial source registration is as follows:

1.     After receiving the first multicast data from the source, the source-side DR encapsulates the multicast data into a register message. Then, it forwards the message to the RP through the register-tunnel interface.

2.     The register message reaches RP on the register-tunnel interface on the RP. The RP decapsulates the register message and forwards the multicast data to the receiver hosts. At the same time, the RP learns the IP address of the multicast source.

3.     The RP sends a join message toward the multicast source to build an SPT.

4.     After the SPT is built, the multicast data travels to the RP along the SPT rather than through the register-tunnel interface.

Examples

# Display detailed information about Register-Tunnel 0.

<Sysname> display interface register-tunnel 0

Register-Tunnel0

Current state: UP

Line protocol state: DOWN

Description: Register-Tunnel0 Interface

Maximum transmission unit: 1536

Internet protocol processing: Disabled

Physical: Unknown

Last 300 seconds input rate: 0 bytes/sec, 0 bits/sec, 0 packets/sec

Last 300 seconds output rate: 0 bytes/sec, 0 bits/sec, 0 packets/sec

Input: 0 packets, 0 bytes, 0 drops

Output: 0 packets, 0 bytes, 0 drops

# Display brief information about Register-Tunnel 0.

<Sysname> display interface register-tunnel 0 brief

Brief information on interfaces in route mode:

Link: ADM - administratively down; Stby - standby

Protocol: (s) - spoofing

Interface            Link Protocol Primary IP         Description

REG0                 UP   --       --

Table 1 Command output

Field

Description

Current state

Physical link state of the interface. This field always displays UP.

Line protocol state

Data link layer state of interface. This field always displays DOWN.

Description

Description of the interface. It is not configurable.

Maximum transmission unit

MTU of the register-tunnel interface. It is not configurable.

Internet protocol processing: Disabled

The interface is not assigned an IP address and cannot process IP packets.

Physical

Physical type of the interface. This field always displays Unknown, because the physical type of the interface is unknown.

Last 300 seconds input rate

Average incoming rate in the last 300 seconds. This field always displays 0.

Last 300 seconds output rate

Average outgoing rate in the last 300 seconds. This field always displays 0.

Input

Number of incoming packets, incoming bytes, and discarded packets. This field always displays 0.

Output

Number of outgoing packets, outgoing bytes, and discarded packets. This field always displays 0.

Brief information on interfaces in route mode

Brief information about Layer 3 interfaces.

Link

Physical link state of the interface. This field always displays UP.

Protocol

Data link layer protocol state of the interface. This field always displays two hyphens (--) because the interface does not support a data link layer protocol.

Primary IP

Primary IP address of the interface. This field always displays two hyphens (--) because the interface does not have a primary IP address.

Cause

Cause for the physical link state of an interface to be DOWN. This field always displays Not connected because no physical connection exists.

Description

Description of the interface. This field is empty because the interface cannot be configured with a description.

 

Related command

reset counters interface register-tunnel

display pim bsr-info

Use display pim bsr-info to display BSR information.

Syntax

display pim [ vpn-instance vpn-instance-name ] bsr-info

Views

Any view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

network-operator

Parameters

vpn-instance vpn-instance-name: Specifies an MPLS L3VPN instance by its name, a case-sensitive string of 1 to 31 characters. If you do not specify a VPN instance, this command displays BSR information on the public network.

Examples

# Display BSR information on the public network.

<Sysname> display pim bsr-info

 Scope: non-scoped

     State: Accept Preferred

     Bootstrap timer: 00:01:44

     Elected BSR address: 12.12.12.1

       Priority: 64

       Hash mask length: 30

       Uptime: 00:21:56

 

 Scope: 239.4.0.0/16

     State: Accept Any

     Scope-zone expiry timer: 00:21:12

 

 Scope: 239.1.0.0/16

     State: Elected

     Bootstrap timer: 00:00:26

     Elected BSR address: 17.1.11.1

       Priority: 64

       Hash mask length: 30

       Uptime: 02:53:37

     Candidate BSR address: 17.1.11.1

       Priority: 64

       Hash mask length: 30

 

 Scope: 239.2.2.0/24

     State: Candidate

     Bootstrap timer: 00:01:56

     Elected BSR address: 61.2.37.1

       Priority: 64

       Hash mask length: 30

       Uptime: 02:53:32

     Candidate BSR address: 17.1.12.1

       Priority: 64

       Hash mask length: 30

 

 Scope: 239.3.3.0/24

     State: Pending

     Bootstrap timer: 00:00:07

     Candidate BSR address: 17.1.13.1

       Priority: 64

       Hash mask length: 30

Table 2 Command output

Field

Description

Bootstrap timer

Aging timer for the BSR.

Scope-zone expiry timer

Aging timer for the scoped zone.

Elected BSR address

Address of the elected BSR.

Candidate BSR address

Address of the C-BSR.

Priority

BSR priority.

Uptime

Length of time the BSR has been up.

 

display pim claimed-route

Use display pim claimed-route to display information about all routes that PIM uses.

Syntax

display pim [ vpn-instance vpn-instance-name ] claimed-route [ source-address ]

Views

Any view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

network-operator

Parameters

vpn-instance vpn-instance-name: Specifies an MPLS L3VPN instance by its name, a case-sensitive string of 1 to 31 characters. If you do not specify a VPN instance, this command displays information about all routes that PIM uses on the public network.

source-address: Specifies a multicast source by its IP address. If you do not specify a multicast source, this command displays information about all routes that PIM uses.

Examples

# Display information about all routes that PIM uses on the public network.

<Sysname> display pim claimed-route

 RPF-route selecting rule: longest-match

 

 Route/mask: 7.11.0.0/16 (unicast (direct))

     RPF interface: Vlan-interface2, RPF neighbor: 8.0.0.2

     Total number of (S,G) or (*,G) dependent on this route entry: 4

     (7.11.0.10, 225.1.1.1)

     (7.11.0.10, 226.1.1.1)

     (7.11.0.10, 227.1.1.1)

     (*, 228.1.1.1)

 Route/mask: 7.12.0.0/16 (multicast static)

     RPF interface: Vlan-interface2, RPF neighbor: 8.0.0.3,

     Config NextHop: 8.0.0.5

     Total number of (S,G) or (*,G) dependent on this route entry: 2

     (7.12.0.10, 226.1.1.1)

     (7.12.0.10, 225.1.1.1)

Table 3 Command output

Field

Description

Route/mask

Route entry. Route types in parentheses include:

·     igp—IGP unicast route.

·     egp—EGP unicast route.

·     unicast (direct)—Direct unicast route.

·     unicast—Other unicast route, such as static unicast route.

·     mbgp—MBGP route.

·     multicast static—Static multicast route.

RPF interface

Name of the RPF interface.

RPF neighbor

IP address of the RPF neighbor.

Config NextHop

Address of the configured next hop. This field is displayed only when the static multicast route is configured with a next hop.

Total number of (S,G) or (*,G) dependent on this route entry

Total number of (S, G) or (*, G) entries associated with the RPF route and the entry list.

 

display pim c-rp

Use display pim c-rp to display C-RP information.

Syntax

display pim [ vpn-instance vpn-instance-name ] c-rp [ local ]

Views

Any view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

network-operator

Parameters

vpn-instance vpn-instance-name: Specifies an MPLS L3VPN instance by its name, a case-sensitive string of 1 to 31 characters. If you do not specify a VPN instance, this command displays information about learned C-RPs on the public network.

local: Specifies local C-RPs. If you do not specify this keyword, the command displays information about all C-RPs.

Usage guidelines

You can view information about learned C-RPs only on the BSR. On other devices, you can view information about the locally configured C-RPs.

Examples

# Display information about learned C-RPs on the public network.

<Sysname> display pim c-rp

 Scope: non-scoped

     Group/MaskLen: 224.0.0.0/4

       C-RP address             Priority  HoldTime  Uptime    Expires

       1.1.1.1 (local)          192       150       03:01:36  00:02:29

       2.2.2.2                  192       150       1d:13h    00:02:02

     Group/MaskLen: 226.1.1.0/24 [B] Expires: 00:00:33

     Group/MaskLen: 225.1.0.0/16 [B]

       C-RP Address             Priority  HoldTime  Uptime    Expires

       3.3.3.3                  192       150       12w:5d    00:02:05

# Display information about the locally configured C-RPs.

<Sysname> display pim c-rp local

 Candidate RP: 12.12.12.9(Loop1)

     Priority: 192

     HoldTime: 150

     Advertisement interval: 60

     Next advertisement scheduled at: 00:00:48

Table 4 Command output

Field

Description

Group/MaskLen

Multicast group to which the C-RP is designated.

[B]

BIDIR-PIM C-RP.

This field is not displayed if the C-RP is a PIM-SM C-RP.

C-RP address

IP address of the C-RP. If the C-RP resides on the device where the command is executed, this field displays (local) after the address.

Priority

Priority of the C-RP.

HoldTime

Lifetime of the C-RP.

Uptime

Length of time the C-RP has been up:

·     w—Weeks.

·     d—Days.

·     h—Hours.

Expires

Remaining lifetime for the C-RP and the multicast group.

Candidate RP

IP address of the locally configured C-RP.

Advertisement interval

Interval between two advertisement messages sent by the locally configured C-RP.

Next advertisement scheduled at

Remaining time for the locally configured C-RP to send the next advertisement message.

display pim df-info

Use display pim df-info to display BIDIR-PIM DF information.

Syntax

display pim [ vpn-instance vpn-instance-name ] df-info [ rp-address ]

Views

Any view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

network-operator

Parameters

vpn-instance vpn-instance-name: Specifies an MPLS L3VPN instance by its name, a case-sensitive string of 1 to 31 characters. If you do not specify a VPN instance, this command displays BIDIR-PIM DF information on the public network.

rp-address: Specifies a BIDIR-PIM RP by its IP address.

Examples

# Display BIDIR-PIM DF information on the public network.

<Sysname> display pim df-info

RP address: 12.12.12.12

  Interface: Vlan-interface1

    State     : Win        DF preference: 10

    DF metric : 1562       DF uptime    : 00:06:59

    DF address: 30.1.1.11 (local)

  Interface: Tunnel2, 100.1.1.12

    State     : Lose       DF preference: 0

    DF metric : 0          DF uptime    : 00:06:59

    DF address: 100.1.1.12

Table 5 Command output

Field

Description

RP address

IP address of the BIDIR-PIM RP.

Interface

DF interface.

State

DF election state:

·     Win—The interface wins the DF election.

·     Lose—The interface loses the DF election.

·     Offer—The interface is in the initial state of the DF election.

·     Backoff—The interface is acting as the DF, but there are more appropriate devices running for the DF.

This field displays a hyphen (-) if the interface does not participate in the DF election.

DF preference

Advertised route preference for DF election.

DF metric

Advertised route metric for DF election.

DF uptime

Length of time the DF has been up.

DF address

IP address of DF. If the DF resides on the device where the command is executed, this field displays (local) after the IP address.

 

display pim interface

Use display pim interface to display PIM information for interfaces.

Syntax

display pim [ vpn-instance vpn-instance-name ] interface [ interface-type interface-number ] [ verbose ]

Views

Any view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

network-operator

Parameters

vpn-instance vpn-instance-name: Specifies an MPLS L3VPN instance by its name, a case-sensitive string of 1 to 31 characters. If you do not specify a VPN instance, this command displays PIM information for interfaces on the public network.

interface-type interface-number: Specifies an interface by its type and number. If you do not specify an interface, this command displays PIM information for all interfaces.

verbose: Displays detailed PIM information. If you do not specify this keyword, the command displays brief PIM information.

Examples

# Display brief PIM information for all interfaces on the public network.

<Sysname> display pim interface

 Interface         NbrCnt  HelloInt  DR-Pri     DR-Address

 Vlan1             1       30        1          10.1.1.2

 Vlan2             0       30        1          172.168.0.2    (local)

 Vlan3             1       30        1          20.1.1.2

Table 6 Command output

Field

Description

NbrCnt

Number of PIM neighbors.

HelloInt

Interval for sending hello messages.

DR-Pri

Priority for DR election.

DR-Address

IP address of the DR. If the DR resides on the device where the command is executed, this field displays (local) after the address.

 

# Display detailed PIM information for VLAN-interface 1 on the public network.

<Sysname> display pim interface vlan-interface 1 verbose

 Interface: Vlan-interface1, 10.1.1.1

     PIM version: 2

     PIM mode: Sparse

     PIM DR: 10.1.1.2

     PIM DR Priority (configured): 1

     PIM neighbors count: 1

     PIM hello interval: 30 s

     PIM LAN delay (negotiated): 500 ms

     PIM LAN delay (configured): 500 ms

     PIM override interval (negotiated): 2500 ms

     PIM override interval (configured): 2500 ms

     PIM neighbor tracking (negotiated): disabled

     PIM neighbor tracking (configured): disabled

     PIM generation ID: 0xF5712241

     PIM require generation ID: disabled

     PIM hello hold interval: 105 s

     PIM assert hold interval: 180 s

     PIM triggered hello delay: 5 s

     PIM J/P interval: 60 s

     PIM J/P hold interval: 210 s

     PIM BSR domain border: disabled

     PIM BFD: disabled

     PIM passive: disabled

     Number of routers on network not using DR priority: 0

     Number of routers on network not using LAN delay: 0

     Number of routers on network not using neighbor tracking: 2

Table 7 Command output

Field

Description

PIM version

Version of the PIM protocol.

PIM mode

PIM mode: dense or sparse.

PIM DR

IP address of the DR.

PIM DR Priority (configured)

Configured priority for DR election.

PIM neighbors count

Total number of PIM neighbors.

PIM hello interval

Interval between two hello messages.

PIM LAN delay (negotiated)

Negotiated PIM message propagation delay.

PIM LAN delay (configured)

Configured PIM message propagation delay.

PIM override interval (negotiated)

Negotiated interval for overriding prune messages.

PIM override interval (configured)

Configured interval for overriding prune messages.

PIM neighbor tracking (negotiated)

Negotiated neighbor tracking status: enabled or disabled.

PIM neighbor tracking (configured)

Configured neighbor tracking status: enabled or disabled.

PIM require generation ID

Whether the feature of discarding hello messages without Generation_ID is enabled.

PIM hello hold interval

PIM neighbor lifetime.

PIM assert hold interval

Assert holdtime timer.

PIM triggered hello delay

Maximum delay for sending hello messages.

PIM J/P interval

Interval between two join/prune messages.

PIM J/P hold interval

Joined/pruned state holdtime timer.

PIM BSR domain border

Whether a PIM domain border is configured.

PIM BFD

Whether PIM is enabled to work with BFD.

PIM passive

Whether PIM passive mode is enabled on the interface.

Number of routers on network not using DR priority

Number of routers that do not use the DR priority field on the subnet where the interface resides.

Number of routers on network not using LAN delay

Number of routers that do not use the LAN delay field on the subnet where the interface resides.

Number of routers on network not using neighbor tracking

Number of routers that are not enabled with neighbor tracking on the subnet where the interface resides.

 

display pim neighbor

Use display pim neighbor to display PIM neighbor information.

Syntax

display pim [ vpn-instance vpn-instance-name ] neighbor [ neighbor-address | interface interface-type interface-number | verbose ] *

Views

Any view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

network-operator

Parameters

vpn-instance vpn-instance-name: Specifies an MPLS L3VPN instance by its name, a case-sensitive string of 1 to 31 characters. If you do not specify a VPN instance, this command displays PIM neighbor information on the public network.

neighbor-address: Specifies a PIM neighbor by its IP address. If you do not specify a PIM neighbor, this command displays information about all PIM neighbors.

interface interface-type interface-number: Specifies an interface by its type and number. If you do not specify an interface, this command displays PIM neighbor information on all interfaces.

verbose: Displays detailed PIM neighbor information. If you do not specify this keyword, the command displays brief PIM neighbor information.

Examples

# Display brief information about all PIM neighbors on the public network.

<Sysname> display pim neighbor

 Total Number of Neighbors = 2

 

 Neighbor        Interface           Uptime   Expires  DR-Priority Mode

 10.1.1.2        Vlan1               02:50:49 00:01:31 1          

 20.1.1.2        Vlan2               02:49:39 00:01:42 1          

# Display detailed information about the PIM neighbor with IP address 11.110.0.20 on the public network.

<Sysname> display pim neighbor 11.110.0.20 verbose

 Neighbor: 11.110.0.20

     Interface: Vlan-interface3

     Uptime: 00:00:10

     Expiry time: 00:00:30

     DR Priority: 1

     Generation ID: 0x2ACEFE15

     Holdtime: 105 s

     LAN delay: 500 ms

     Override interval: 2500 ms

     State refresh interval: 60 s

     Neighbor tracking: Disabled

     Bidirectional PIM: Enabled

     Secondary address(es):

     22.1.1.2

     22.1.1.3

     22.1.1.4

     22.1.1.5

     22.1.1.6

     22.1.1.7

     22.1.1.8

Table 8 Command output

Field

Description

Total Number of Neighbors

Total number of PIM neighbors.

Neighbor

IP address of the PIM neighbor.

Interface

Interface that connects to the PIM neighbor.

Uptime

Length of time the PIM neighbor has been up.

Expires/Expiry time

Remaining lifetime for the PIM neighbor. If the PIM neighbor is always up and reachable, this field displays never.

DR-Priority/DR Priority

Priority of the PIM neighbor.

Mode

RPF vector is not supported in the current software version.

PIM mode:

·     B—The PIM mode is BIDIR-PIM.

·     P—The RPF proxy vector is enabled.

This field is empty if the PIM mode is not BIDIR-PIM and the RPF vector is disabled.

Generation ID

Generation ID of the PIM neighbor. (A random value represents a status change of the PIM neighbor.)

Holdtime

Lifetime of the PIM neighbor. If the PIM neighbor is always up and reachable, this field displays forever.

LAN delay

PIM message propagation delay on a shared-media LAN.

Override interval

Interval for overriding prune messages.

State refresh interval

Interval for refreshing state. This field is displayed only when the PIM neighbor operates in the PIM-DM mode and the state refresh capability is enabled.

Neighbor tracking

Neighbor tracking status: enabled or disabled.

Bidirectional PIM

Whether BIDIR-PIM is enabled.

Secondary address(es)

Secondary addresses of the PIM neighbor.

 

display pim routing-table

Use display pim routing-table to display PIM routing entries.

Syntax

display pim [ vpn-instance vpn-instance-name ] routing-table [ group-address [ mask { mask-length | mask } ] | source-address [ mask { mask-length | mask } ] | flags flag-value | fsm | incoming-interface interface-type interface-number | mode mode-type | outgoing-interface { exclude | include | match } interface-type interface-number | extranet { source-vpn-instance source-vpn-instance-name | source-public-instance | receive-vpn-instance receive-vpn-instance-name | receive-public-instance } ] *

Views

Any view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

network-operator

Parameters

vpn-instance vpn-instance-name: Specifies an MPLS L3VPN instance by its name, a case-sensitive string of 1 to 31 characters. If you do not specify a VPN instance, this command displays PIM routing entries on the public network.

group-address: Specifies a multicast group by its IP address in the range of 224.0.0.0 to 239.255.255.255. If you do not specify a multicast group, this command displays PIM routing entries for all multicast groups.

source-address: Specifies a multicast source by its IP address.

mask-length: Specifies an address mask length in the range of 0 to 32. The default value is 32.

mask: Specifies an address mask. The default value is 255.255.255.255.

flags flag-value: Specifies a flag. If you do not specify a flag, this command displays PIM routing entries that contain all flags. The following lists the values for the flag-value argument and their meanings:

·     2msdp: Specifies PIM routing entries to be contained in the next SA message to notify an MSDP peer.

·     2mvpn: Specifies PIM routing entries that have been advertised to MVPN.

·     act: Specifies PIM routing entries that have been used for routing data.

·     del: Specifies PIM routing entries to be deleted.

·     exprune: Specifies PIM routing entries containing outgoing interfaces pruned by other multicast routing protocols.

·     ext: Specifies PIM routing entries containing outgoing interfaces provided by other multicast routing protocols.

·     loc: Specifies PIM routing entries on the devices that reside on the same subnet as the multicast source.

·     msdp: Specifies PIM routing entries learned from MSDP SA messages.

·     niif: Specifies PIM routing entries containing unknown incoming interfaces.

·     nonbr: Specifies PIM routing entries with PIM neighbor lookup failure.

·     rc: Specifies PIM routing entries that have received C-Multicast route information.

·     rpt: Specifies PIM routing entries on the RPT branches where (S, G) prunes have been sent to the RP.

·     rq: Specifies PIM routing entries of the receiving side of the data-MDT switchover.

·     spt: Specifies PIM routing entries on the SPT.

·     sq: Specifies PIM routing entries of the originator side of data-MDT switchover.

·     src-act: Specifies PIM routing entries that have received Source Active A-D route information.

·     swt: Specifies PIM routing entries in the process of RPT-to-SPT switchover.

·     vxlan: Specifies VXLAN overlay entries maintained by PIM.

·     wc: Specifies PIM routing entries with wildcards.

fsm: Displays detailed information about the finite state machine.

incoming-interface interface-type interface-number: Specifies an incoming interface. If you do not specify an incoming interface, this command displays PIM routing entries that contain all incoming interfaces.

mode mode-type: Specifies a PIM mode. If you do not specify a PIM mode, this command displays PIM routing entries in all PIM modes. The available PIM modes include:

·     bidir: Specifies BIDIR-PIM.

·     dm: Specifies PIM-DM.

·     sm: Specifies PIM-SM.

·     ssm: Specifies PIM-SSM.

outgoing-interface { exclude | include | match } interface-type interface-number: Specifies an outgoing interface. If you do not specify an outgoing interface, this command displays PIM routing entries that contain all outgoing interfaces. Whether an outgoing interface is contained in the PIM routing table depends on the following conditions:

·     If you specify an excluded interface, this command displays PIM routing entries that do not contain the specified outgoing interface.

·     If you specify an included interface, this command displays PIM routing entries that contain the specified outgoing interface.

·     If you specify a matching interface, this command displays PIM routing entries that contain only the specified outgoing interface.

extranet: Displays information about the PIM routing entries for MVPN extranet.

·     source-vpn-instance source-vpn-instance-name: Specifies the MPLS L3VPN instance to which the multicast source belongs. The source-vpn-instance-name argument is a case-sensitive string of 1 to 31 characters.

·     source-public-instance: Specifies the public network where the multicast source resides.

·     receive-vpn-instance receive-vpn-instance-name: Specifies the MPLS L3VPN instance to which the multicast receiver belongs. The receive-vpn-instance-name argument is a case-sensitive string of 1 to 31 characters.

·     receive-public-instance: Specifies the public network where the multicast receiver resides.

Examples

# Display PIM routing entries on the public network.

<Sysname> display pim routing-table

 Total 0 (*, G) entries; 1 (S, G) entries

 

 (172.168.0.12, 227.0.0.1)

     RP: 2.2.2.2

     Protocol: pim-sm, Flag: SPT LOC ACT

     UpTime: 02:54:43

     Upstream interface: Vlan-interface1

         Upstream neighbor: NULL

         RPF prime neighbor: NULL

     Downstream interface information:

     Total number of downstream interfaces: 1

         1: Vlan-interface2

             Protocol: pim-sm, UpTime: 02:54:43, Expires: 00:02:47

# Display PIM routing entries for MVPN extranet.

<Sysname> display pim vpn-instance vpn1 routing-table extranet receive-vpn-instance vpn2

 Total 1 (*, G) entries; 1 (S, G) entries

 (*, 225.0.0.2)

     RP: 1.2.2.2

     Protocol: pim-sm, Flag: WC

     UpTime: 07:06:11

     Upstream interface: Register-Tunnel0

         Upstream neighbor: NULL

         RPF prime neighbor: NULL

     Downstream interface information:

     Total number of downstream interfaces: 2

         1: Vlan-interface1

             Protocol: pim-sm, UpTime: 07:06:11, Expires: -

         2: Extranet (VPN: vpn2)

             Protocol: MD, UpTime: 01:12:52, Expires: -

 

(11.1.1.53, 225.0.0.2)

     RP: 1.2.2.2

     Protocol: pim-sm, Flag: SPT LOC ACT

     UpTime: 07:06:10

     Upstream interface: MTunnel0

         Upstream neighbor: 1.1.1.1

         RPF prime neighbor: 1.1.1.1

     Downstream interface information:

     Total number of downstream interfaces: 2

         1: Vlan-interface1

             Protocol: pim-sm, UpTime: 07:06:11, Expires: -

         2: Extranet (VPN: vpn2)

             Protocol: MD, UpTime: 01:29:07, Expires: -

Table 9 Command output

Field

Description

Total 0 (*, G) entries; 1 (S, G) entries

Total number of (*, G) entries, and the total number of (S, G) entries.

(172.168.0.12, 227.0.0.1)

(S, G) entry.

Protocol

PIM mode.

Flag

Flag of the (S, G) entry or (*, G) entry:

·     2MSDP—The entry is to be advertised by the MSDP module in the next (S, A) message.

·     2MVPN—The entry has been advertised to MVPN.

·     ACT—The entry has been used for routing data.

·     DEL—The entry is to be removed.

·     EXPRUNE—Some outgoing interfaces are pruned by other multicast routing protocols.

·     EXT—The entry contains outgoing interfaces provided by other multicast routing protocols.

·     LOC—The entry is on a router directly connected to the same subnet with the multicast source.

·     MSDP—The entry is learned from an MSDP (S, A) message.

·     NIIF—The entry contains unknown incoming interfaces.

·     NONBR—The entry has a PIM neighbor lookup failure.

·     RC—The entry has received C-Multicast route information.

·     RPT—The entry is on an RPT branch where (S, G) prunes have been sent to the RP.

·     SPT—The entry is on the SPT.

·     SQ—The entry triggers the default-MDT to data-MDT switchover.

·     SRC-ACT—The entry has received Source Active A-D route information.

·     SWT—The entry is in the process of RPT-to-SPT switchover.

·     VXLAN—The entry is a VXLAN overlay entry.

·     WC—The entry contains a wildcard.

Uptime

Length of time for which the (S, G) entry or (*, G) entry has been up.

Upstream interface

Upstream (incoming) interface of the (S, G) entry or (*, G) entry.

Upstream neighbor

Upstream neighbor of the (S, G) entry or (*, G) entry.

RPF prime neighbor

RPF neighbor of the (S, G) or (*, G) entry:

·     For a (*, G) entry, if the RPF neighbor is the RP, the field displays NULL.

·     For an (S, G) entry, if the RPF neighbor is a router that directly connects to the multicast source, this field displays NULL.

Downstream interface information

Information about the downstream interfaces:

·     Total number of downstream interfaces.

·     Names of the downstream interfaces.

·     Protocol type on the downstream interfaces.

·     Uptime of the downstream interfaces.

·     Expiration time of the downstream interfaces.

Extranet

PIM routing entry for MVPN extranet.

·     In the upstream interface list, the source VPN is displayed after Extranet.

·     In the downstream interface list, the receiver VPN is displayed after Extranet.

 

display pim rp-info

Use display pim rp-info to display PIM RP information.

Syntax

display pim [ vpn-instance vpn-instance-name ] rp-info [ group-address ]

Views

Any view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

network-operator

Parameters

vpn-instance vpn-instance-name: Specifies an MPLS L3VPN instance by its name, a case-sensitive string of 1 to 31 characters. If you do not specify a VPN instance, this command displays RP information on the public network.

group-address: Specifies a multicast group by its IP address in the range of 224.0.1.0 to 239.255.255.255. If you do not specify a multicast group, this command displays RP information for all multicast groups.

Examples

# Display RP information for multicast group 224.0.1.1 on the public network.

<Sysname> display pim rp-info 224.0.1.1

 BSR RP address is: 2.2.2.2

     Priority: 192

     HoldTime: 180

     Uptime: 03:01:10

     Expires: 00:02:30

 

 Static RP address is: 3.3.3.5

     Preferred: Yes

     Configured ACL: 2003

 

 RP mapping for this group is: 3.3.3.5

 

 Anycast-RP 3.3.3.5 members:

     Member address           State

     1.1.0.1                  Active

     1.2.0.2                  Local

     1.2.0.1                  Remote

# Display RP information for all multicast groups on the public network.

<Sysname> display pim rp-info

 BSR RP information:

   Scope: non-scoped

     Group/MaskLen: 224.0.0.0/4

       RP address               Priority  HoldTime  Uptime    Expires

       1.1.1.1 (local)          192       180       03:01:36  00:02:29

       2.2.2.2                  192       180       1d:13h    00:02:02

     Group/MaskLen: 225.1.0.0/16 [B]

       RP address               Priority  HoldTime  Uptime    Expires

       3.3.3.3                  192       180       12w:5d    00:02:05

 

 Static RP information:

       RP address               ACL   Mode    Preferred

       3.3.3.1                  2000  pim-sm  No

       3.3.3.2                  2001  pim-sm  Yes

       3.3.3.3                  2002  pim-sm  No

       3.3.3.4                        pim-sm  No

       3.3.3.5                  2002  pim-sm  Yes

 

 Anycast-RP information:

       RP address               Member address           State

       3.3.3.5                  1.1.0.1                  Active

       3.3.3.5                  1.1.0.2                  Local

       3.3.3.5                  1.2.0.1                  Remote

Table 10 Command output

Field

Description

BSR RP address is

IP address of the RP.

BSR RP information

Information about the RP.

Group/MaskLen

Multicast group to which the RP is designated.

[B]

The RP is a BIDIR-PIM RP.

This field is not displayed if the RP is a PIM-SM RP.

RP address

IP address of the RP. If the RP resides on the device where the command is executed, this field displays (local) after the address.

Priority

Priority of the RP.

HoldTime

RP lifetime.

Uptime

Length of time the RP has been up.

Expires

Remaining lifetime for the RP.

Preferred

Whether the static RP is preferred.

Configured ACL/ACL

ACL defining the multicast groups to which the static RP is designated.

Mode

RP service mode: PIM-SM or BIDIR-PIM.

RP mapping for this group

IP address of the RP that provides services for the multicast group.

Anycast-RP 3.3.3.5 members

Members of Anycast RP 3.3.3.5.

Member address

IP address of the Anycast RP member.

State

State of the interface from which the member address originates:

·     Active—Activated local interface.

·     Local—Inactivated local interface.

·     Remote—Remote interface.

 

display pim statistics

Use display pim statistics to display statistics for PIM packets.

Syntax

display pim statistics

Views

Any view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

network-operator

Examples

# Display statistics for PIM packets.

<Sysname> display pim statistics

 Received PIM packets: 3295

 Sent PIM packets    : 5975

                Valid       Invalid        Succeeded   Failed

     Hello    : 3128        0              4333        0

     Reg      : 14          0              0           0

     Reg-stop : 0           0              0           0

     JP       : 151         0              561         0

     BSM      : 0           0              1081        0

     Assert   : 0           0              0           0

     Graft    : 0           0              0           0

     Graft-ACK: 0           0              0           0

     C-RP     : 0           0              0           0

     SRM      : 0           0              0           0

     DF       : 0           0              0           0

     AutoRP   : 0           0              0           0

Table 11 Command output

Field

Description

Received PIM packets

Total number of received PIM protocol packets.

Sent PIM packets

Total number of sent PIM protocol packets.

Valid

Number of received legal PIM protocol packets.

Invalid

Number of received illegal PIM protocol packets.

Succeeded

Number of PIM protocol packets that were sent successfully.

Failed

Number of PIM protocol packets that failed to be sent.

Hello

Hello message statistics.

Reg

Register message statistics.

Reg-stop

Register-stop message statistics.

JP

Join/prune message statistics.

BSM

Bootstrap message statistics.

Assert

Assert message statistics.

Graft

Graft message statistics.

Graft-ACK

Graft-ACK message statistics.

C-RP

C-RP message statistics.

SRM

State refresh message statistics.

DF

Designated forwarder statistics.

AutoRP

Auto-RP message statistics.

 

dscp

Use dscp to set the DSCP value for outgoing PIM protocol packets.

Use undo dscp to restore the default.

Syntax

dscp dscp-value

undo dscp

Default

The DSCP value for outgoing PIM protocol packets is 48.

Views

PIM view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

Parameters

dscp-value: Specifies the DSCP value in the range of 0 to 63.

Usage guidelines

The DSCP value is carried in the ToS field of an IP packet to determine the transmission priority of the packet. A greater DSCP value represents a higher priority.

Examples

# Set the DSCP value for outgoing PIM protocol packets to 63.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] pim

[Sysname-pim] dscp 63

hello-option dr-priority (PIM view)

Use hello-option dr-priority to set the DR priority globally.

Use undo hello-option dr-priority to restore the default.

Syntax

hello-option dr-priority priority

undo hello-option dr-priority

Default

The DR priority is 1.

Views

PIM view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

Parameters

priority: Specifies a DR priority in the range of 0 to 4294967295. The greater the value, the higher the priority.

Usage guidelines

You can set the DR priority globally for all interfaces in PIM view or for an interface in interface view. For an interface, the interface-specific configuration takes priority over the global configuration.

Examples

# Set the global DR priority to 3 on the public network.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] pim

[Sysname-pim] hello-option dr-priority 3

Related commands

pim hello-option dr-priority

hello-option holdtime (PIM view)

Use hello-option holdtime to set the PIM neighbor lifetime globally.

Use undo hello-option holdtime to restore the default.

Syntax

hello-option holdtime time

undo hello-option holdtime

Default

The PIM neighbor lifetime is 105 seconds.

Views

PIM view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

Parameters

time: Specifies a PIM neighbor lifetime in the range of 1 to 65535 seconds. If you set the value to 65535 seconds, PIM neighbors are always reachable.

Usage guidelines

You can set the PIM neighbor lifetime globally for all interfaces in PIM view or for an interface in interface view. For an interface, the interface-specific configuration takes priority over the global configuration.

Examples

# Set the global PIM neighbor lifetime to 120 seconds on the public network.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] pim

[Sysname-pim] hello-option holdtime 120

Related commands

pim hello-option holdtime

hello-option lan-delay (PIM view)

Use hello-option lan-delay to set the PIM message propagation delay on a shared-media LAN globally.

Use undo hello-option lan-delay to restore the default.

Syntax

hello-option lan-delay delay

undo hello-option lan-delay

Default

The PIM message propagation delay on a shared-media LAN is 500 milliseconds.

Views

PIM view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

Parameters

delay: Specifies a PIM message propagation delay on a shared-media LAN, in the range of 1 to 32767 milliseconds.

Usage guidelines

You can set the PIM message propagation delay globally for all interfaces in PIM view or for an interface in interface view. For an interface, the interface-specific configuration takes priority over the global configuration.

Examples

# Set the global PIM message propagation delay on a shared-media LAN to 200 milliseconds on the public network.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] pim

[Sysname-pim] hello-option lan-delay 200

Related commands

hello-option override-interval (PIM view)

pim hello-option lan-delay

pim hello-option override-interval

hello-option neighbor-tracking (PIM view)

Use hello-option neighbor-tracking to enable neighbor tracking globally.

Use undo hello-option neighbor-tracking to disable neighbor tracking globally.

Syntax

hello-option neighbor-tracking

undo hello-option neighbor-tracking

Default

Neighbor tracking is disabled.

Views

PIM view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

Usage guidelines

You can enable neighbor tracking globally for all interfaces in PIM view or for an interface in interface view. For an interface, the interface-specific configuration takes priority over the global configuration.

Examples

# Enable neighbor tracking globally on the public network.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] pim

[Sysname-pim] hello-option neighbor-tracking

Related commands

pim hello-option neighbor-tracking

hello-option override-interval (PIM view)

Use hello-option override-interval to set the override interval globally.

Use undo hello-option override-interval to restore the default.

Syntax

hello-option override-interval interval

undo hello-option override-interval

Default

The override interval is 2500 milliseconds.

Views

PIM view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

Parameters

interval: Specifies an override interval in the range of 1 to 65535 milliseconds.

Usage guidelines

You can set the override interval globally for all interfaces in PIM view or for an interface in interface view. For an interface, the interface-specific configuration takes priority over the global configuration.

Examples

# Set the global override interval to 2000 milliseconds on the public network.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] pim

[Sysname-pim] hello-option override-interval 2000

Related commands

hello-option lan-delay (PIM view)

pim hello-option lan-delay

pim hello-option override-interval

holdtime join-prune (PIM view)

Use holdtime join-prune to set the joined/pruned state holdtime globally.

Use undo holdtime join-prune to restore the default.

Syntax

holdtime join-prune time

undo holdtime join-prune

Default

The joined/pruned state holdtime is 210 seconds.

Views

PIM view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

Parameters

time: Specifies a joined/pruned state holdtime in the range of 1 to 65535 seconds.

Usage guidelines

You can set the joined/pruned state holdtime globally for all interfaces in PIM view or for an interface in interface view. For an interface, the interface-specific configuration takes priority over the global configuration.

To prevent the upstream neighbors from aging out, you must set the join/prune interval to be less than the joined/pruned state holdtime.

Examples

# Set the global joined/pruned state holdtime to 280 seconds on the public network.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] pim

[Sysname-pim] holdtime join-prune 280

Related commands

pim holdtime join-prune

timer join-prune (PIM view)

jp-pkt-size (PIM view)

Use jp-pkt-size to set the maximum size of a join or prune message.

Use undo jp-pkt-size to restore the default.

Syntax

jp-pkt-size size

undo jp-pkt-size

Default

The maximum size of a join or prune message is 1200 bytes.

Views

PIM view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

Parameters

size: Specifies the maximum size of a join or prune message, in the range of 100 to 8100 bytes.

Examples

# Set the maximum size of a join or prune message to 1500 bytes on the public network.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] pim

[Sysname-pim] jp-pkt-size 1500

pim

Use pim to enter PIM view.

Use undo pim to remove all configurations in PIM view.

Syntax

pim [ vpn-instance vpn-instance-name ]

undo pim [ vpn-instance vpn-instance-name ]

Views

System view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

Parameters

vpn-instance vpn-instance-name: Specifies an MPLS L3VPN instance by its name, a case-sensitive string of 1 to 31 characters. If you do not specify a VPN instance, you enter public network PIM view.

Examples

# Enable IP multicast routing on the public network and enter PIM view of the public network.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] multicast routing

[Sysname-mrib] quit

[Sysname] pim

[Sysname-pim]

# Enable IP multicast routing for VPN instance mvpn and enter PIM view of VPN instance mvpn.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] multicast routing vpn-instance mvpn

[Sysname-mrib-mvpn] quit

[Sysname] pim vpn-instance mvpn

[Sysname-pim-mvpn]

Related commands

multicast routing-enable

pim bfd enable

Use pim bfd enable to enable BFD for PIM.

Use undo pim bfd enable to disable BFD for PIM.

Syntax

pim bfd enable

undo pim bfd enable

Default

BFD is disabled for PIM.

Views

Interface view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

Usage guidelines

This command takes effect only when PIM-DM or PIM-SM is enabled on the interface.

Examples

# Enable IP multicast routing on the public network. Then, enable PIM-DM on VLAN-interface 100, and enable BFD for PIM on the interface.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] multicast routing

[Sysname-mrib] quit

[Sysname] interface vlan-interface 100

[Sysname-Vlan-interface100] pim dm

[Sysname-Vlan-interface100] pim bfd enable

Related commands

pim dm

pim sm

pim bsr-boundary

Use pim bsr-boundary to configure a PIM-SM domain border (a bootstrap message boundary).

Use undo pim bsr-boundary to restore the default.

Syntax

pim bsr-boundary

undo pim bsr-boundary

Default

An interface is not a PIM-SM domain border.

Views

Interface view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

Examples

# Configure VLAN-interface 100 as a PIM-SM domain border.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] interface vlan-interface 100

[Sysname-Vlan-interface100] pim bsr-boundary

Related commands

c-bsr (PIM view)

multicast boundary

pim dm

Use pim dm to enable PIM-DM.

Use undo pim dm to disable PIM-DM.

Syntax

pim dm

undo pim dm

Default

PIM-DM is disabled.

Views

Interface view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

Usage guidelines

This command takes effect only when IP multicast routing is enabled on the public network or for the VPN instance to which the interface belongs.

Examples

# Enable IP multicast routing on the public network, and enable PIM-DM on VLAN-interface 100.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] multicast routing

[Sysname-mrib] quit

[Sysname] interface vlan-interface 100

[Sysname-Vlan-interface100] pim dm

Related commands

multicast routing

pim hello-option dr-priority

Use pim hello-option dr-priority to set the DR priority on an interface.

Use undo pim hello-option dr-priority to restore the default.

Syntax

pim hello-option dr-priority priority

undo pim hello-option dr-priority

Default

The DR priority is 1.

Views

Interface view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

Parameters

priority: Specifies a DR priority in the range of 0 to 4294967295. The greater the value, the higher the priority.

Usage guidelines

You can set the DR priority for an interface in interface view or globally for all interfaces in PIM view. For an interface, the interface-specific configuration takes priority over the global configuration.

Examples

# Set the DR priority to 3 on VLAN-interface 100.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] interface vlan-interface 100

[Sysname-Vlan-interface100] pim hello-option dr-priority 3

Related commands

hello-option dr-priority (PIM view)

pim hello-option holdtime

Use pim hello-option holdtime to set the PIM neighbor lifetime on an interface.

Use undo pim hello-option holdtime to restore the default.

Syntax

pim hello-option holdtime time

undo pim hello-option holdtime

Default

The PIM neighbor lifetime is 105 seconds.

Views

Interface view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

Parameters

time: Specifies a PIM neighbor lifetime in the range of 1 to 65535 seconds. If you set the value to 65535 seconds, the PIM neighbor is always reachable.

Usage guidelines

You can set the PIM neighbor lifetime for an interface in interface view or globally for all interfaces in PIM view. For an interface, the interface-specific configuration takes priority over the global configuration.

Examples

# Set the PIM neighbor lifetime to 120 seconds on VLAN-interface 100.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] interface vlan-interface 100

[Sysname-Vlan-interface100] pim hello-option holdtime 120

Related commands

hello-option holdtime (PIM view)

pim hello-option lan-delay

Use pim hello-option lan-delay to set the PIM message propagation delay on a shared-media LAN for an interface.

Use undo pim hello-option lan-delay to restore the default.

Syntax

pim hello-option lan-delay delay

undo pim hello-option lan-delay

Default

The PIM message propagation delay on a shared-media LAN is 500 milliseconds.

Views

Interface view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

Parameters

delay: Specifies a PIM message propagation delay on a shared-media LAN in the range of 1 to 32767 milliseconds.

Usage guidelines

You can set the PIM message propagation delay for an interface in interface view or globally for all interfaces in PIM view. For an interface, the interface-specific configuration takes priority over the global configuration.

Examples

# Set the PIM message propagation delay on a shared-media LAN to 200 milliseconds on VLAN-interface 100.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] interface vlan-interface 100

[Sysname-Vlan-interface100] pim hello-option lan-delay 200

Related commands

hello-option lan-delay (PIM view)

hello-option override-interval (PIM view)

pim hello-option override-interval

pim hello-option neighbor-tracking

Use pim hello-option neighbor-tracking to enable neighbor tracking on an interface.

Use pim hello-option neighbor-tracking disable to disable neighbor tracking on an interface when neighbor tracking is enabled globally.

Use undo pim hello-option neighbor-tracking to restore neighbor tracking setting on an interface to be consistent with the global setting.

Syntax

pim hello-option neighbor-tracking

pim hello-option neighbor-tracking disable

undo pim hello-option neighbor-tracking

Default

Neighbor tracking is disabled on an interface.

Views

Interface view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

Usage guidelines

You can enable neighbor tracking for an interface in interface view or globally for all interfaces in PIM view. For an interface, the interface-specific configuration takes priority over the global configuration.

Examples

# Enable neighbor tracking on VLAN-interface 100.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] interface vlan-interface 100

[Sysname-Vlan-interface100] pim hello-option neighbor-tracking

# Disable neighbor tracking on VLAN-interface 100 when neighbor tracking is enabled globally on the public network.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] pim

[Sysname-pim] hello-option neighbor-tracking

[Sysname-pim] quit

[Sysname] interface vlan-interface 100

[Sysname-Vlan-interface100] pim hello-option neighbor-tracking disable

Related commands

hello-option neighbor-tracking (PIM view)

pim hello-option override-interval

Use pim hello-option override-interval to set the override interval on an interface.

Use undo pim hello-option override-interval to restore the default.

Syntax

pim hello-option override-interval interval

undo pim hello-option override-interval

Default

The override interval is 2500 milliseconds.

Views

Interface view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

Parameters

interval: Specifies an override interval in the range of 1 to 65535 milliseconds.

Usage guidelines

You can set the override interval for an interface in interface view or globally for all interfaces in PIM view. For an interface, the interface-specific configuration takes priority over the global configuration.

Examples

# Set the override interval to 2000 milliseconds on VLAN-interface 100.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] interface vlan-interface 100

[Sysname-Vlan-interface100] pim hello-option override-interval 2000

Related commands

hello-option lan-delay (PIM view)

hello-option override-interval (PIM view)

pim hello-option lan-delay

pim holdtime join-prune

Use pim holdtime join-prune to set the joined/pruned state holdtime on an interface.

Use undo pim holdtime join-prune to restore the default.

Syntax

pim holdtime join-prune time

undo pim holdtime join-prune

Default

The joined/pruned state holdtime is 210 seconds.

Views

Interface view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

Parameters

time: Specifies a joined/pruned state holdtime in the range of 1 to 65535 seconds.

Usage guidelines

You can set the joined/pruned state holdtime for an interface in interface view or globally for all interfaces in PIM view. For an interface, the interface-specific configuration takes priority over the global configuration.

To prevent the upstream neighbors from aging out, you must configure the join/prune interval to be less than the joined/pruned state holdtime.

Examples

# Set the joined/pruned state holdtime to 280 seconds on VLAN-interface 100.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] interface vlan-interface 100

[Sysname-Vlan-interface100] pim holdtime join-prune 280

Related commands

holdtime join-prune (PIM view)

pim timer join-prune

pim neighbor-policy

Use pim neighbor-policy to configure a PIM hello policy.

Use undo pim neighbor-policy to restore the default.

Syntax

pim neighbor-policy ipv4-acl-number

undo pim neighbor-policy

Default

No PIM hello policy exists on an interface, and all PIM hello messages are regarded as legal.

Views

Interface view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

Parameters

ipv4-acl-number: Specifies an IPv4 basic ACL number in the range of 2000 to 2999.

Usage guidelines

A PIM hello policy filters PIM hello messages to guard against hello message spoofing.

When you configure a rule in the IPv4 basic ACL, follow these restrictions and guidelines:

·     For the rule to take effect, do not specify the vpn-instance vpn-instance option.

·     The source source-address source-wildcard option specifies a source IP address.

·     Among the other optional parameters, only the fragment keyword and the time-range time-range-name option take effect.

If you execute this command multiple times, the most recent configuration takes effect.

Examples

# Configure a PIM hello policy on VLAN-interface 100 so that only the devices on subnet 10.1.1.0/24 can become PIM neighbors of this switch.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] acl basic 2000

[Sysname-acl-ipv4-basic-2000] rule permit source 10.1.1.0 0.0.0.255

[Sysname-acl-ipv4-basic-2000] quit

[Sysname] interface vlan-interface 100

[Sysname-Vlan-interface100] pim neighbor-policy 2000

pim non-stop-routing

Use pim non-stop-routing to enable PIM NSR.

Use undo pim non-stop-routing to disable PIM NSR.

Syntax

pim non-stop-routing

undo pim non-stop-routing

Default

PIM NSR is disabled.

Views

System view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

Examples

# Enable PIM NSR.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] pim non-stop-routing

pim passive

Use pim passive to enable PIM passive mode on an interface.

Use undo pim passive to disable PIM passive mode on an interface.

Syntax

pim passive

undo pim passive

Default

PIM passive mode is disabled on an interface.

Views

Interface view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

Usage guidelines

This command takes effect only when PIM-DM or PIM-SM is enabled on the interface.

Examples

# Enable IP multicast routing on the public network. Then, enable PIM-DM and PIM passive mode on VLAN-interface 100.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] multicast routing

[Sysname-mrib] quit

[Sysname] interface vlan-interface 100

[Sysname-Vlan-interface100] pim dm

[Sysname-Vlan-interface100] pim passive

pim require-genid

Use pim require-genid to enable dropping hello messages without the generation ID options.

Use undo pim require-genid to restore the default.

Syntax

pim require-genid

undo pim require-genid

Default

Hello messages without the generation ID options are accepted.

Views

Interface view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

Examples

# Enable VLAN-interface 100 to drop hello messages without the generation ID options.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] interface vlan-interface 100

[Sysname-Vlan-interface100] pim require-genid

pim sm

Use pim sm to enable PIM-SM.

Use undo pim sm to disable PIM-SM.

Syntax

pim sm

undo pim sm

Default

PIM-SM is disabled.

Views

Interface view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

Usage guidelines

This command takes effect only when IP multicast routing is enabled on the public network or for the VPN instance to which the interface belongs.

Examples

# Enable IP multicast routing on the public network, and enable PIM-SM on VLAN-interface 100.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] multicast routing

[Sysname-mrib] quit

[Sysname] interface vlan-interface 100

[Sysname-Vlan-interface100] pim sm

Related commands

multicast routing

pim state-refresh-capable

Use pim state-refresh-capable to enable the state refresh feature on an interface.

Use undo pim state-refresh-capable to disable the state refresh feature.

Syntax

pim state-refresh-capable

undo pim state-refresh-capable

Default

The state refresh feature is enabled.

Views

Interface view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

Examples

# Disable the state refresh feature on VLAN-interface 100.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] interface vlan-interface 100

[Sysname-Vlan-interface100] undo pim state-refresh-capable

Related commands

state-refresh-interval (PIM view)

state-refresh-rate-limit (PIM view)

state-refresh-ttl (PIM view)

pim timer graft-retry

Use pim timer graft-retry to set a graft retry timer.

Use undo pim timer graft-retry to restore the default.

Syntax

pim timer graft-retry interval

undo pim timer graft-retry

Default

The graft retry timer is 3 seconds.

Views

Interface view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

Parameters

interval: Specifies a graft retry timer in the range of 1 to 65535 seconds.

Examples

# Set the graft retry timer to 80 seconds on VLAN-interface 100.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] interface vlan-interface 100

[Sysname-Vlan-interface100] pim timer graft-retry 80

pim timer hello

Use pim timer hello to set the hello interval on an interface.

Use undo pim timer hello to restore the default.

Syntax

pim timer hello interval

undo pim timer hello

Default

The hello interval is 30 seconds.

Views

Interface view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

Parameters

interval: Specifies a hello interval in the range of 0 to 18000 seconds. If you set the value to 0 seconds, the interface does not send hello messages.

Usage guidelines

You can set the hello interval for an interface in interface view or globally for all interfaces in PIM view. For an interface, the interface-specific configuration takes priority over the global configuration.

Examples

# Set the hello interval to 40 seconds on VLAN-interface 100.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] interface vlan-interface 100

[Sysname-Vlan-interface100] pim timer hello 40

Related commands

timer hello (PIM view)

pim timer join-prune

Use pim timer join-prune to set the join/prune interval on an interface.

Use undo pim timer join-prune to restore the default.

Syntax

pim timer join-prune interval

undo pim timer join-prune

Default

The join/prune interval is 60 seconds.

Views

Interface view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

Parameters

interval: Specifies a join/prune interval in the range of 0 to 18000 seconds. If you set the value to 0 seconds, the interface does not send join or prune messages.

Usage guidelines

You can set the join/prune interval for an interface in interface view or globally for all interfaces in PIM view. For an interface, the interface-specific configuration takes priority over the global configuration.

The configuration takes effect after the current interval ends.

To prevent the upstream neighbors from aging out, you must set the join/prune interval to be less than the joined/pruned state holdtime.

Examples

# Set the join/prune interval to 80 seconds on VLAN-interface 100.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] interface vlan-interface 100

[Sysname-Vlan-interface100] pim timer join-prune 80

Related commands

pim holdtime join-prune

timer join-prune (PIM view)

pim triggered-hello-delay

Use pim triggered-hello-delay to set the triggered hello delay (maximum delay for sending a hello message).

Use undo pim triggered-hello-delay to restore the default.

Syntax

pim triggered-hello-delay delay

undo pim triggered-hello-delay

Default

The triggered hello delay is 5 seconds.

Views

Interface view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

Parameters

delay: Specifies a triggered hello delay in the range of 1 to 60 seconds.

Examples

# Set the triggered hello delay to 3 seconds on VLAN-interface 100.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] interface vlan-interface 100

[Sysname-Vlan-interface100] pim triggered-hello-delay 3

register-policy (PIM view)

Use register-policy to configure a PIM register policy.

Use undo register-policy to restore the default.

Syntax

register-policy ipv4-acl-number

undo register-policy

Default

No PIM register policy exists, and all PIM register messages are regarded as legal.

Views

PIM view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

Parameters

ipv4-acl-number: Specifies an IPv4 advanced ACL number in the range of 3000 to 3999.

Usage guidelines

A PIM register policy enables an RP to filter PIM register messages so that the RP is designated only to multicast groups permitted by the ACL.

When you configure a rule in the IPv4 advanced ACL, follow these restrictions and guidelines:

·     For the rule to take effect, do not specify the vpn-instance vpn-instance option.

·     The source source-address source-wildcard option specifies a multicast source address.

·     The destination dest-address dest-wildcard option specifies a multicast group range.

·     Among the other optional parameters, only the fragment keyword and the time-range time-range-name option take effect.

If you execute this command multiple times, the most recent configuration takes effect.

Examples

# Configure a PIM register policy on the public network. Then, the device accepts only register messages from the sources on the subnet 10.10.0.0/16 to the groups on the subnet 225.1.0.0/16.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] acl advanced 3000

[Sysname-acl-ipv4-adv-3000] rule permit ip source 10.10.0.0 0.0.255.255 destination 225.1.0.0 0.0.255.255

[Sysname-acl-ipv4-adv-3000] quit

[Sysname] pim

[Sysname-pim] register-policy 3000

register-suppression-timeout (PIM view)

Use register-suppression-timeout to set the register suppression time.

Use undo register-suppression-timeout to restore the default.

Syntax

register-suppression-timeout interval

undo register-suppression-timeout

Default

The register suppression time is 60 seconds.

Views

PIM view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

Parameters

interval: Specifies a register suppression time in the range of 1 to 65535 seconds.

Examples

# Set the register suppression time to 70 seconds on the public network.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] pim

[Sysname-pim] register-suppression-timeout 70

register-whole-checksum (PIM view)

Use register-whole-checksum to configure the device to calculate the checksum based on an entire register message.

Use undo register-whole-checksum to restore the default.

Syntax

register-whole-checksum

undo register-whole-checksum

Default

The device calculates the checksum based on the register message header.

Views

PIM view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

Examples

# Configure the device to calculate the checksum based on an entire register message on the public network.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] pim

[Sysname-pim] register-whole-checksum

snmp-agent trap enable pim

Use snmp-agent trap enable pim to enable SNMP notifications for PIM.

Use undo snmp-agent trap enable pim to disable SNMP notifications for PIM.

Syntax

snmp-agent trap enable pim [ candidate-bsr-win-election | elected-bsr-lost-election | neighbor-loss ] *

undo snmp-agent trap enable pim [ candidate-bsr-win-election | elected-bsr-lost-election | neighbor-loss ] *

Default

SNMP notifications for PIM are enabled.

Views

System view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

Parameters

candidate-bsr-win-election: Specifies notifications about winning the BSR election.

elected-bsr-lost-election: Specifies notifications about losing the BSR election.

neighbor-loss: Specifies notifications about losing neighbors.

Usage guidelines

If you do not specify an optional keyword, this command enables or disables PIM to generate SNMP notifications.

To report critical PIM events to an NMS, enable SNMP notifications for PIM. For PIM event notifications to be sent correctly, you must also configure SNMP as described in Network Management and Monitoring Configuration Guide.

Examples

# Disable SNMP notifications for PIM.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] undo snmp-agent trap enable pim

source-lifetime (PIM view)

Use source-lifetime to set the multicast source lifetime.

Use undo source-lifetime to restore the default.

Syntax

source-lifetime time

undo source-lifetime

Default

The multicast source lifetime is 210 seconds.

Views

PIM view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

Parameters

time: Specifies a multicast source lifetime in the range of 0 to 31536000 seconds. If you set the value to 0 seconds, multicast sources never age out.

Examples

# Set the multicast source lifetime to 200 seconds on the public network.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] pim

[Sysname-pim] source-lifetime 200

source-policy (PIM view)

Use source-policy to configure a multicast source policy.

Use undo source-policy to restore the default.

Syntax

source-policy ipv4-acl-number

undo source-policy

Default

No multicast source policy exists. The device does not filter multicast data packets.

Views

PIM view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

Parameters

ipv4-acl-number: Specifies an IPv4 basic or advanced ACL number in the range of 2000 to 3999.

Usage guidelines

A multicast source policy filters multicast data packets to control information available to downstream receivers.

When you configure a rule in the IPv4 ACL, follow these restrictions and guidelines:

·     For the rule to take effect, do not specify the vpn-instance vpn-instance option.

·     In a basic ACL, the source source-address source-wildcard option specifies a source IP address.

·     In an advanced ACL, the source source-address source-wildcard option specifies a source IP address. The destination dest-address dest-wildcard option specifies a multicast group address.

·     Among the other optional parameters, only the fragment keyword and the time-range time-range-name option take effect.

If you execute this command multiple times, the most recent configuration takes effect.

Examples

# Configure a multicast source policy on the public network to accept multicast data from source 10.10.1.2 and to deny multicast data from source 10.10.1.1.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] acl basic 2000

[Sysname-acl-ipv4-basic-2000] rule permit source 10.10.1.2 0

[Sysname-acl-ipv4-basic-2000] rule deny source 10.10.1.1 0

[Sysname-acl-ipv4-basic-2000] quit

[Sysname] pim

[Sysname-pim] source-policy 2000

spt-switch-threshold (PIM view)

Use spt-switch-threshold to configure a criterion for an RPT-to-SPT switchover.

Use undo spt-switch-threshold to remove criteria for RPT-to-SPT switchovers.

Syntax

spt-switch-threshold { immediacy | infinity } [ group-policy ipv4-acl-number ]

undo spt-switch-threshold [ immediacy | infinity ] [ group-policy ipv4-acl-number ]

Default

The first multicast packet triggers an RPT-to-STP switchover.

Views

PIM view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

Parameters

immediacy: Triggers an RPT-to-STP switchover immediately.

infinity: Disables RPT-to-STP switchover.

group-policy ipv4-acl-number: Specifies an IPv4 basic ACL number in the range of 2000 to 2999. If you specify an ACL, the configuration applies to the multicast groups that the ACL permits. The configuration applies to all multicast groups when one of the following conditions exists:

·     You do not specify an ACL.

·     The specified ACL does not exist.

·     The specified ACL does not have valid rules.

Usage guidelines

When you configure a rule in the IPv4 basic ACL, follow these restrictions and guidelines:

·     For the rule to take effect, do not specify the vpn-instance vpn-instance option.

·     The source source-address source-wildcard option specifies a multicast group address.

·     Among the other optional parameters, only the fragment keyword and the time-range time-range-name option take effect.

Some devices cannot encapsulate multicast data in register messages destined to the RP. As a best practice to avoid multicast data forwarding failures, do not disable the switchover to SPT on C-RPs that might become the RP.

Examples

# Disable RPT-to-STP switchover on a receiver-side DR on the public network.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] pim

[Sysname-pim] spt-switch-threshold infinity

ssm-policy (PIM view)

Use ssm-policy to configure the SSM group range.

Use undo ssm-policy to restore the default.

Syntax

ssm-policy ipv4-acl-number

undo ssm-policy

Default

The SSM group range is 232.0.0.0/8.

Views

PIM view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

Parameters

ipv4-acl-number: Specifies an IPv4 basic ACL number in the range of 2000 to 2999.

Usage guidelines

This command defines a multicast group range that is used by PIM-SSM. For multicast packets that are permitted by the ACL, the PIM-SSM mode is used. For multicast packets that are not permitted by the ACL, the PIM-SM mode is used.

When you configure a rule in the IPv4 basic ACL, follow these restrictions and guidelines:

·     For the rule to take effect, do not specify the vpn-instance vpn-instance option.

·     The source source-address source-wildcard option specifies a multicast group range.

·     Among the other optional parameters, only the fragment keyword and the time-range time-range-name option take effect.

If you execute this command multiple times, the most recent configuration takes effect.

Examples

# Configure the SSM group range as 232.1.0.0/16.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] acl basic 2000

[Sysname-acl-ipv4-basic-2000] rule permit source 232.1.0.0 0.0.255.255

[Sysname-acl-ipv4-basic-2000] quit

[Sysname] pim

[Sysname-pim] ssm-policy 2000

state-refresh-interval (PIM view)

Use state-refresh-interval to set the state refresh interval.

Use undo state-refresh-interval to restore the default.

Syntax

state-refresh-interval interval

undo state-refresh-interval

Default

The state refresh interval is 60 seconds.

Views

PIM view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

Parameters

interval: Specifies a state refresh interval in the range of 1 to 255 seconds.

Examples

# Set the state refresh interval to 70 seconds on the public network.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] pim

[Sysname-pim] state-refresh-interval 70

Related commands

pim state-refresh-capable

state-refresh-rate-limit (PIM view)

state-refresh-ttl (PIM view)

state-refresh-rate-limit (PIM view)

Use state-refresh-rate-limit to set the waiting time to accept a new state refresh message.

Use undo state-refresh-rate-limit to restore the default.

Syntax

state-refresh-rate-limit time

undo state-refresh-rate-limit

Default

The device waits 30 seconds before it accepts a new state refresh message.

Views

PIM view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

Parameters

time: Specifies the waiting time to accept a new refresh message, in the range of 1 to 65535 seconds.

Examples

# Set the waiting time to 45 seconds to accept a new state refresh message on the public network.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] pim

[Sysname-pim] state-refresh-rate-limit 45

Related commands

pim state-refresh-capable

state-refresh-interval (PIM view)

state-refresh-ttl (PIM view)

state-refresh-ttl (PIM view)

Use state-refresh-ttl to set the TTL value for state refresh messages.

Use undo state-refresh-ttl to restore the default.

Syntax

state-refresh-ttl ttl-value

undo state-refresh-ttl

Default

The TTL value for state refresh messages is 255.

Views

PIM view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

Parameters

ttl-value: Specifies the TTL value for state refresh messages, in the range of 1 to 255.

Examples

# Set the TTL value to 45 for state refresh messages on the public network.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] pim

[Sysname-pim] state-refresh-ttl 45

Related commands

pim state-refresh-capable (PIM view)

state-refresh-interval (PIM view)

state-refresh-rate-limit (PIM view)

static-rp (PIM view)

Use static-rp to configure a static RP.

Use undo static-rp to delete a static RP.

Syntax

static-rp rp-address [ ipv4-acl-number | bidir | preferred ] *

undo static-rp rp-address

Default

No static RPs exist.

Views

PIM view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

Parameters

rp-address: Specifies the IP address of the static RP. The IP address must be valid and cannot be on the subnet 127.0.0.0/8. For a static PIM-SM RP, you must specify a used IP address. For a static BIDIR-PIM RP, you can specify an unused IP address.

ipv4-acl-number: Specifies an IPv4 basic ACL number in the range of 2000 to 2999. If you specify an ACL, the static RP is designated only to multicast groups that the ACL permits. The static RP is designated to all multicast groups when one of the following conditions exists:

·     You do not specify an ACL.

·     The specified ACL does not exist.

·     The specified ACL does not have valid rules.

bidir: Configures the static RP as a BIDIR-PIM RP. If you do not specify this keyword, this command configures the static RP as a PIM-SM RP.

preferred: Gives priority to the static RP if a dynamic RP also exists on the network. The dynamic RP takes effect only when the static RP fails. If you do not specify this keyword, the dynamic RP has priority, and the static RP takes effect only when the dynamic RP fails.

Usage guidelines

You do not need to enable PIM on an interface that acts as a static RP.

When you configure a rule in the IPv4 basic ACL, follow these restrictions and guidelines:

·     For the rule to take effect, do not specify the vpn-instance vpn-instance option.

·     The source source-address source-wildcard option specifies a multicast group address.

·     Among the other optional parameters, only the fragment keyword and the time-range time-range-name option take effect.

When rules in the ACL used by a static RP change, new RPs are dynamically elected for all multicast groups.

You can configure multiple static RPs by using this command multiple times. However, if you specify the same static RP address or use the same ACL in the command, the most recent configuration takes effect. If you configure multiple static RPs for the same multicast group, the static RP with the highest IP address is used.

Examples

# Configure the interface with IP address 11.110.0.6 as a static RP for multicast group range 225.1.1.0/24 and give priority to this static RP on the public network.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] acl basic 2001

[Sysname-acl-ipv4-basic-2001] rule permit source 225.1.1.0 0.0.0.255

[Sysname-acl-ipv4-basic-2001] quit

[Sysname] pim

[Sysname-pim] static-rp 11.110.0.6 2001 preferred

Related commands

display pim rp-info

timer hello (PIM view)

Use timer hello to set the hello interval globally.

Use undo timer hello to restore the default.

Syntax

timer hello interval

undo timer hello

Default

The hello interval is 30 seconds.

Views

PIM view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

Parameters

interval: Specifies a hello interval in the range of 0 to 18000 seconds. If you set the value to 0 seconds, the device does not send hello messages.

Usage guidelines

You can set the hello interval globally for all interfaces in PIM view or for an interface in interface view. For an interface, the interface-specific configuration takes priority over the global configuration.

Examples

# Set the global hello interval to 40 seconds on the public network.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] pim

[Sysname-pim] timer hello 40

Related commands

pim timer hello

timer join-prune (PIM view)

Use timer join-prune to set the join/prune interval globally.

Use undo timer join-prune to restore the default.

Syntax

timer join-prune interval

undo timer join-prune

Default

The join/prune interval is 60 seconds.

Views

PIM view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

Parameters

interval: Specifies a join/prune interval in the range of 0 to 18000 seconds. If you set the value to 0 seconds, the device does not send join or prune messages.

Usage guidelines

You can set the join/prune interval globally for all interfaces in PIM view or for an interface in interface view. For an interface, the interface-specific configuration takes priority over the global configuration.

The configuration takes effect after the current interval ends.

To prevent the upstream neighbors from expiring, you must set the join/prune interval to be less than the joined/pruned state holdtime.

Examples

# Set the global join/prune interval to 80 seconds on the public network.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] pim

[Sysname-pim] timer join-prune 80

Related commands

holdtime join-prune (PIM view)

pim timer join-prune