09-Security Configuration Guide

HomeSupportResource CenterH3C S6520X-EI[HI][SI] & S6520-SI & S5560X-HI Switch Series Configuration Guides-R65xx-6W10309-Security Configuration Guide
07-Port security configuration
Title Size Download
07-Port security configuration 233.36 KB

Contents

Configuring port security· 1

About port security· 1

Major functions· 1

Port security features· 1

Port security modes· 1

Restrictions and guidelines: Port security configuration· 4

Port security tasks at a glance· 5

Enabling port security· 5

Setting the port security mode· 6

Setting port security's limit on the number of secure MAC addresses on a port 7

Configuring secure MAC addresses· 8

About secure MAC addresses· 8

Prerequisites· 9

Adding secure MAC addresses· 9

Enabling inactivity aging for secure MAC addresses· 9

Enabling the dynamic secure MAC feature· 9

Configuring NTK· 10

Configuring intrusion protection· 10

Ignoring authorization information from the server 11

Configuring MAC move· 11

Enabling the authorization-fail-offline feature· 12

Setting port security's limit on the number of MAC addresses for specific VLANs on a port 13

Enabling open authentication mode· 14

Configuring free VLANs for port security· 14

Applying a NAS-ID profile to port security· 15

Enabling the escape critical VSI feature for 802.1X and MAC authentication users· 16

Enabling SNMP notifications for port security· 17

Enabling port security user logging· 17

Display and maintenance commands for port security· 18

Port security configuration examples· 18

Example: Configuring port security in autoLearn mode· 18

Example: Configuring port security in userLoginWithOUI mode· 20

Example: Configuring port security in macAddressElseUserLoginSecure mode· 23

Troubleshooting port security· 27

Cannot set the port security mode· 27

Cannot configure secure MAC addresses· 28

 


Configuring port security

About port security

Port security combines and extends 802.1X and MAC authentication to provide MAC-based network access control. The feature applies to ports that use different authentication methods for users.

Major functions

Port security provides the following functions:

·     Prevents unauthorized access to a network by checking the source MAC address of inbound traffic.

·     Prevents access to unauthorized devices or hosts by checking the destination MAC address of outbound traffic.

·     Controls MAC address learning and authentication on a port to make sure the port learns only source trusted MAC addresses.

Port security features

NTK

The need to know (NTK) feature prevents traffic interception by checking the destination MAC address in the outbound frames. The feature ensures that frames are sent only to the following hosts:

·     Hosts that have passed authentication.

·     Hosts whose MAC addresses have been learned or configured on the access device.

Intrusion protection

The intrusion protection feature checks the source MAC address in inbound frames for illegal frames, and takes a predefined action on each detected illegal frame. The action can be disabling the port temporarily, disabling the port permanently, or blocking frames from the illegal MAC address for a period set by the MAC block timer.

A frame is illegal if its source MAC address cannot be learned in a port security mode or it is from a client that has failed 802.1X or MAC authentication.

Port security modes

Port security supports the following categories of security modes:

·     MAC learning control—Includes two modes: autoLearn and secure. MAC address learning is permitted on a port in autoLearn mode and disabled in secure mode.

·     Authentication—Security modes in this category implement MAC authentication, 802.1X authentication, or a combination of these two authentication methods.

Upon receiving a frame, the port in a security mode searches the MAC address table for the source MAC address. If a match is found, the port forwards the frame. If no match is found, the port learns the MAC address or performs authentication, depending on the security mode. If the frame is illegal, the port takes the predefined NTK or intrusion protection action, or sends SNMP notifications. Outgoing frames are not restricted by port security's NTK action unless they trigger the NTK feature.

Table 1 describes the port security modes and the security features.

Table 1 Port security modes

Purpose

Security mode

Features that can be triggered

Turning off the port security feature

noRestrictions (the default mode)

In this mode, port security is disabled on the port and access to the port is not restricted.

N/A

Controlling MAC address learning

autoLearn

NTK/intrusion protection

secure

Performing 802.1X authentication

userLogin

NTK (ntkauto mode)

userLoginSecure

NTK/intrusion protection

userLoginSecureExt

userLoginWithOUI

Performing MAC authentication

macAddressWithRadius

NTK/intrusion protection

Performing a combination of MAC authentication and 802.1X authentication

Or

macAddressOrUserLoginSecure

NTK/intrusion protection

macAddressOrUserLoginSecureExt

Else

macAddressElseUserLoginSecure

macAddressElseUserLoginSecureExt

And

macAddressAndUserLoginSecureExt

 

The mode names are illustrated as follows:

·     userLogin specifies 802.1X authentication and port-based access control. userLogin with Secure specifies 802.1X authentication and MAC-based access control. Ext indicates allowing multiple 802.1X users to be authenticated and serviced at the same time. A security mode without Ext allows only one user to pass 802.1X authentication.

·     macAddress specifies MAC authentication.

·     Else specifies that the authentication method before Else is applied first. If the authentication fails, whether to turn to the authentication method following Else depends on the protocol type of the authentication request.

·     Or specifies that the authentication method following Or is applied first. If the authentication fails, the authentication method before Or is applied.

·     And indicates that the authentication method before And is applied first. If the authentication succeeds, the system turns to the authentication method that follows And upon receiving the request of the authentication method. This mode is supported only in R6515P06 and later.

Controlling MAC address learning

·     autoLearn.

A port in this mode can learn MAC addresses. The automatically learned MAC addresses are not added to the MAC address table as dynamic MAC address. Instead, these MAC addresses are added to the secure MAC address table as secure MAC addresses. You can also configure secure MAC addresses by using the port-security mac-address security command.

A port in autoLearn mode allows frames sourced from the following MAC addresses to pass:

¡     Secure MAC addresses.

¡     MAC addresses configured by using the mac-address dynamic and mac-address static commands.

When the number of secure MAC addresses reaches the upper limit, the port transitions to secure mode.

·     secure.

MAC address learning is disabled on a port in secure mode. You configure MAC addresses by using the mac-address static and mac-address dynamic commands. For more information about configuring MAC address table entries, see Layer 2—LAN Switching Configuration Guide.

A port in secure mode allows only frames sourced from the following MAC addresses to pass:

¡     Secure MAC addresses.

¡     MAC addresses configured by using the mac-address dynamic and mac-address static commands.

Performing 802.1X authentication

·     userLogin.

A port in this mode performs 802.1X authentication and implements port-based access control. The port can service multiple 802.1X users. Once an 802.1X user passes authentication on the port, any subsequent 802.1X users can access the network through the port without authentication.

·     userLoginSecure.

A port in this mode performs 802.1X authentication and implements MAC-based access control. The port services only one user passing 802.1X authentication.

·     userLoginSecureExt.

This mode is similar to the userLoginSecure mode except that this mode supports multiple online 802.1X users.

·     userLoginWithOUI.

This mode is similar to the userLoginSecure mode. The difference is that a port in this mode also permits frames from one user whose MAC address contains a specific OUI.

In this mode, the port performs OUI check at first. If the OUI check fails, the port performs 802.1X authentication. The port permits frames that pass OUI check or 802.1X authentication.

 

 

NOTE:

An OUI is a 24-bit number that uniquely identifies a vendor, manufacturer, or organization. In MAC addresses, the first three octets are the OUI.

 

Performing MAC authentication

macAddressWithRadius: A port in this mode performs MAC authentication, and services multiple users.

Performing a combination of MAC authentication and 802.1X authentication

·     macAddressOrUserLoginSecure.

This mode is the combination of the macAddressWithRadius and userLoginSecure modes. The mode allows one 802.1X authentication user and multiple MAC authentication users to log in.

In this mode, the port performs 802.1X authentication first. By default, if 802.1X authentication fails, MAC authentication is performed.

However, the port in this mode processes authentication differently when the following conditions exist:

¡     The port is enabled with parallel processing of MAC authentication and 802.1X authentication.

¡     The port is enabled with the 802.1X unicast trigger.

¡     The port receives a packet from an unknown MAC address.

Under such conditions, the port sends a unicast EAP-Request/Identity packet to the MAC address to initiate 802.1X authentication. After that, the port immediately processes MAC authentication without waiting for the 802.1X authentication result.

·     macAddressOrUserLoginSecureExt.

This mode is similar to the macAddressOrUserLoginSecure mode, except that this mode supports multiple 802.1X and MAC authentication users.

·     macAddressElseUserLoginSecure.

This mode is the combination of the macAddressWithRadius and userLoginSecure modes, with MAC authentication having a higher priority as the Else keyword implies. The mode allows one 802.1X authentication user and multiple MAC authentication users to log in.

In this mode, the port performs MAC authentication upon receiving non-802.1X frames. Upon receiving 802.1X frames, the port performs MAC authentication and then, if the authentication fails, 802.1X authentication.

·     macAddressElseUserLoginSecureExt.

This mode is similar to the macAddressElseUserLoginSecure mode except that this mode supports multiple 802.1X and MAC authentication users as the Ext keyword implies.

·     macAddressAndUserLoginSecureExt.

 

 

NOTE:

This mode is supported only in R6515P06 and later.

 

In this mode, a user must pass both MAC authentication and 802.1X authentication to access the authorized network resources.

The device uses the following process to handle an access user on a port operating in this mode:

a.     Performs MAC authentication for the user.

b.     Marks the user as a temporary MAC authentication user when the user passes MAC authentication. A temporary MAC authentication user can access only resources in the 802.1X guest VLAN or VSI.

c.     After receiving 802.1X protocol packets from the user on the port, the device performs 802.1X authentication for the user.

d.     After the user passes 802.1X authentication on the port, the device removes the temporary MAC authentication user entry. Then, the user comes online as an 802.1X user.

Restrictions and guidelines: Port security configuration

This feature applies to networks, such as a WLAN, that require different authentication methods for different users on a port.

As a best practice, use the 802.1X authentication or MAC authentication feature rather than port security for scenarios that require only 802.1X authentication or MAC authentication. For more information about 802.1X and MAC authentication, see "Configuring 802.1X" and "Configuring MAC authentication."

The secure and userlogin-withoui port security modes are not supported on Layer 2 aggregate interfaces. Other port security settings are supported on both Layer 2 Ethernet interfaces and Layer 2 aggregate interfaces.

After a Layer 2 Ethernet interface is added to an aggregation group, port security settings on the interface do not take effect.

Do not delete a Layer 2 aggregate interface if the interface has online 802.1X or MAC authentication users.

Port security tasks at a glance

To configure port security, perform the following tasks:

1.     Configuring basic features of port security

¡     Enabling port security

¡     Setting the port security mode

¡     (Optional.) Setting port security's limit on the number of secure MAC addresses on a port

¡     (Optional.) Configuring secure MAC addresses

¡     (Optional.) Configuring NTK

¡     (Optional.) Configuring intrusion protection

2.     (Optional.) Configuring extended features of port security

¡     Ignoring authorization information from the server

¡     Configuring MAC move

¡     Enabling the authorization-fail-offline feature

¡     Setting port security's limit on the number of MAC addresses for specific VLANs on a port

¡     Enabling open authentication mode

¡     Configuring free VLANs for port security

¡     Applying a NAS-ID profile to port security

¡     Enabling the escape critical VSI feature for 802.1X and MAC authentication users

The extended port security features can also take effect when port security is disabled but 802.1X or MAC authentication is enabled.

3.     (Optional.) Enabling SNMP notifications for port security

4.     (Optional.) Enabling port security user logging

Enabling port security

Restrictions and guidelines

When you configure port security, follow these restrictions and guidelines:

·     When port security is enabled, you cannot enable 802.1X or MAC authentication, or change the access control mode or port authorization state. Port security automatically modifies these settings in different security modes.

·     You can use the undo port-security enable command to disable port security. Because the command logs off online users, make sure no online users are present.

·     Enabling or disabling port security resets the following security settings to the default:

¡     802.1X access control mode, which is MAC-based.

¡     Port authorization state, which is auto.

For more information about 802.1X authentication and MAC authentication configuration, see "Configuring 802.1X" and "Configuring MAC authentication."

Prerequisites

Before you enable port security, disable 802.1X and MAC authentication globally.

Procedure

1.     Enter system view.

system-view

2.     Enable port security.

port-security enable

By default, port security is disabled.

Setting the port security mode

Restrictions and guidelines

You can specify a port security mode when port security is disabled, but your configuration cannot take effect.

Changing the port security mode of a port logs off the online users of the port.

Do not enable 802.1X authentication or MAC authentication on a port where port security is enabled.

After enabling port security, you can change the port security mode of a port only when the port is operating in noRestrictions (the default) mode. To change the port security mode for a port in any other mode, first use the undo port-security port-mode command to restore the default port security mode.

The device supports the URL attribute assigned by a RADIUS server in the following port security modes:

·     mac-authentication.

·     mac-else-userlogin-secure.

·     mac-else-userlogin-secure-ext.

·     userlogin-secure.

·     userlogin-secure-ext.

·     userlogin-secure-or-mac.

·     userlogin-secure-or-mac-ext.

·     userlogin-withoui.

During authentication, the HTTP or HTTPS requests of a user are redirected to the Web interface specified by the server-assigned URL attribute. After the user passes the Web authentication, the RADIUS server records the MAC address of the user and uses a DM (Disconnect Message) to log off the user. When the user initiates 802.1X or MAC authentication again, it will pass the authentication and come online successfully.

(In R6515P06 and later.) When the port security mode is macAddressAndUserLoginSecureExt on a port, follow these restrictions and guidelines:

·     To make sure the 802.1X clients attached to the port can initiate authentication, enable the unicast trigger on the port by using the dot1x unicast-trigger command.

·     The MAC authentication guest VLAN or VSI on the port does not take effect. For the temporary MAC authentication users to access a limited set of resources, configure an 802.1X guest VLAN or VSI on the port.

·     If accounting is not required for the temporary MAC authentication users, configure different ISP domains for MAC authentication users and 802.1X users. In the ISP domain for the MAC authentication users, set the accounting method to none.

To redirect the HTTPS requests of port security users, specify the HTTPS redirect listening port on the device. For more information, see HTTP redirect in Layer 3—IP Services Configuration Guide.

Prerequisites

Before you set a port security mode for a port, complete the following tasks:

·     Disable 802.1X and MAC authentication.

·     If you are configuring the autoLearn mode, set port security's limit on the number of secure MAC addresses. You cannot change the setting when the port is operating in autoLearn mode.

Procedure

1.     Enter system view.

system-view

2.     Set an OUI value for user authentication.

port-security oui index index-value mac-address oui-value

By default, no OUI values are configured for user authentication.

This command is required only for the userlogin-withoui mode.

You can set multiple OUIs, but when the port security mode is userlogin-withoui, the port allows one 802.1X user and only one user that matches one of the specified OUIs.

3.     Enter interface view.

interface interface-type interface-number

4.     Set the port security mode.

port-security port-mode { autolearn | mac-and-userlogin-secure-ext | mac-authentication | mac-else-userlogin-secure | mac-else-userlogin-secure-ext | secure | userlogin | userlogin-secure | userlogin-secure-ext | userlogin-secure-or-mac | userlogin-secure-or-mac-ext | userlogin-withoui }

By default, a port operates in noRestrictions mode.

The mac-and-userlogin-secure-ext keyword is supported only in R6515P06 and later.

Setting port security's limit on the number of secure MAC addresses on a port

About this task

You can set the maximum number of secure MAC addresses that port security allows on a port for the following purposes:

·     Controlling the number of concurrent users on the port.

For a port operating in a security mode (except for autoLearn and secure), the upper limit equals the smaller of the following values:

¡     The limit of the secure MAC addresses that port security allows.

¡     The limit of concurrent users allowed by the authentication mode in use.

·     Controlling the number of secure MAC addresses on the port in autoLearn mode.

You can also set the maximum number of secure MAC addresses that port security allows for specific VLANs or each VLAN on a port.

Port security's limit on the number of secure MAC addresses on a port is independent of the MAC learning limit described in MAC address table configuration. For more information about MAC address table configuration, see Layer 2—LAN Switching Configuration Guide.

Procedure

1.     Enter system view.

system-view

2.     Enter interface view.

interface interface-type interface-number

3.     Set the maximum number of secure MAC addresses allowed on a port.

port-security max-mac-count max-count[ vlan [ vlan-id-list ] ]

By default, port security does not limit the number of secure MAC addresses on a port.

Configuring secure MAC addresses

About secure MAC addresses

Secure MAC addresses are configured or learned in autoLearn mode. If the secure MAC addresses are saved, they can survive a device reboot. You can bind a secure MAC address only to one port in a VLAN.

Secure MAC addresses include static, sticky, and dynamic secure MAC addresses.

Table 2 Comparison of static, sticky, and dynamic secure MAC addresses

Type

Address sources

Aging mechanism

Can be saved and survive a device reboot?

Static

Manually added (by using the port-security mac-address security command without the sticky keyword).

Not available.

The static secure MAC addresses never age out unless you perform any of the following tasks:

·     Manually remove these MAC addresses.

·     Change the port security mode.

·     Disable the port security feature.

Yes.

Sticky

·     Manually added (by using the port-security mac-address security command with the sticky keyword).

·     Converted from dynamic secure MAC addresses.

·     Automatically learned when the dynamic secure MAC feature is disabled.

By default, sticky MAC addresses do not age out. However, you can configure an aging timer or use the aging timer together with the inactivity aging feature to remove old sticky MAC addresses.

·     If only the aging timer is configured, the aging timer counts up regardless of whether traffic data has been sent from the sticky MAC addresses.

·     If both the aging timer and the inactivity aging feature are configured, the aging timer restarts once traffic data is detected from the sticky MAC addresses.

Yes.

The secure MAC aging timer restarts at a reboot.

Dynamic

·     Converted from sticky MAC addresses.

·     Automatically learned after the dynamic secure MAC feature is enabled.

Same as sticky MAC addresses.

No.

All dynamic secure MAC addresses are lost at reboot.

 

When the maximum number of secure MAC address entries is reached, the port changes to secure mode. In secure mode, the port cannot add or learn any more secure MAC addresses. The port allows only frames sourced from secure MAC addresses or MAC addresses configured by using the mac-address dynamic or mac-address static command to pass through.

Prerequisites

Before you configure secure MAC addresses, complete the following tasks:

·     Set port security's limit on the number of MAC addresses on the port. Perform this task before you enable autoLearn mode.

·     Set the port security mode to autoLearn.

·     Configure the port to permit packets of the specified VLAN to pass or add the port to the VLAN. Make sure the VLAN already exists.

Adding secure MAC addresses

1.     Enter system view.

system-view

2.     Set the secure MAC aging timer.

port-security timer autolearn aging [ second ] time-value

By default, secure MAC addresses do not age out.

3.     Configure a secure MAC address.

¡     Configure a secure MAC address in system view.

port-security mac-address security [ sticky ] mac-address interface interface-type interface-number vlan vlan-id

¡     Execute the following commands in sequence to configure a secure MAC address in interface view:

interface interface-type interface-number

port-security mac-address security [ sticky ] mac-address vlan vlan-id

By default, no manually configured secure MAC addresses exist.

In a VLAN, a MAC address cannot be specified as both a static secure MAC address and a sticky MAC address.

Enabling inactivity aging for secure MAC addresses

1.     Enter system view.

system-view

2.     Enter interface view.

interface interface-type interface-number

3.     Enable inactivity aging for secure MAC addresses.

port-security mac-address aging-type inactivity

By default, the inactivity aging feature is disabled for secure MAC addresses.

Enabling the dynamic secure MAC feature

1.     Enter system view.

system-view

2.     Enter interface view.

interface interface-type interface-number

3.     Enable the dynamic secure MAC feature.

port-security mac-address dynamic

By default, the dynamic secure MAC feature is disabled. Sticky MAC addresses can be saved to the configuration file. Once saved, they can survive a device reboot.

Configuring NTK

About this task

The NTK feature checks the destination MAC address in outbound frames to make sure frames are forwarded only to trustworthy devices.

The NTK feature supports the following modes:

·     ntkonly—Forwards only unicast frames with a known destination MAC address.

·     ntk-withbroadcasts—Forwards only broadcast and unicast frames with a known destination MAC address.

·     ntk-withmulticasts—Forwards only broadcast, multicast, and unicast frames with a known destination MAC address.

·     ntkauto—Forwards only broadcast, multicast, and unicast frames with a known destination MAC address, and only when the port has online users.

Restrictions and guidelines

The NTK feature drops any unicast frame with an unknown destination MAC address.

Not all port security modes support triggering the NTK feature. For more information, see Table 1.

Procedure

1.     Enter system view.

system-view

2.     Enter interface view.

interface interface-type interface-number

3.     Configure the NTK feature.

port-security ntk-mode { ntk-withbroadcasts | ntk-withmulticasts | ntkauto | ntkonly }

By default, NTK is disabled on a port and all frames are allowed to be sent.

Configuring intrusion protection

About this task

Intrusion protection takes one of the following actions on a port in response to illegal frames:

·     blockmac—Adds the source MAC addresses of illegal frames to the blocked MAC address list, and then discards frames sourced from blocked MAC addresses for a period set by the block timer. A blocked MAC address will be unblocked when the block timer expires.

·     disableport—Disables the port until you bring it up manually.

·     disableport-temporarily—Disables the port for a period of time. The period can be configured with the port-security timer disableport command.

Restrictions and guidelines

On a port operating in either macAddressElseUserLoginSecure mode or macAddressElseUserLoginSecureExt mode, intrusion protection is triggered only after both MAC authentication and 802.1X authentication fail for the same frame.

Procedure

1.     Enter system view.

system-view

2.     Enter interface view.

interface interface-type interface-number

3.     Configure the intrusion protection feature.

port-security intrusion-mode { blockmac | disableport | disableport-temporarily }

By default, intrusion protection is disabled.

4.     Return to system view.

quit

5.     (Optional.) Set the silence timeout period during which a port remains disabled.

port-security timer disableport time-value

By default, the port silence timeout period is 20 seconds.

6.     (Optional.) Set the block timer for blocked MAC addresses.

port-security timer blockmac time-value

By default, the block timer is 180 seconds.

Ignoring authorization information from the server

About this task

You can configure a port to ignore the authorization information received from the server (local or remote) after an 802.1X or MAC authentication user passes authentication.

Procedure

1.     Enter system view.

system-view

2.     Enter interface view.

interface interface-type interface-number

3.     Ignore the authorization information received from the authentication server.

port-security authorization ignore

By default, a port uses the authorization information received from the authentication server.

Configuring MAC move

About this task

Port security MAC move takes effect in the following scenarios:

·     Inter-port move on a device—An online user authenticated through 802.1X or MAC authentication moves between ports on the device. The user VLAN or authentication method might change or stay unchanged after the move.

·     Inter-VLAN move on a port—An online user authenticated through 802.1X or MAC authentication moves between VLANs on a trunk or hybrid port. In addition, the packets that trigger authentication have VLAN tags.

Port security MAC move allows an online user authenticated through 802.1X or MAC authentication on one port or VLAN to be reauthenticated and come online on another port or VLAN without going offline first. After the user passes authentication on the new port or VLAN, the system removes the authentication session of the user on the original port or VLAN.

 

NOTE:

For MAC authentication, the MAC move feature applies only when MAC authentication single-VLAN mode is used. The MAC move feature does not apply to MAC authentication users that move between VLANs on a port with MAC authentication multi-VLAN mode enabled.

If this feature is disabled, 802.1X or MAC authenticated users must go offline first before they can be reauthenticated successfully on a new port or VLAN to come online.

Restrictions and guidelines

As a best practice to minimize security risks, enable MAC move only if user roaming between ports is required.

802.1X or MAC authenticated users cannot move between ports on a device or between VLANs on a port if the maximum number of online users on the authentication server has been reached.

MAC authentication multi-VLAN mode has higher priority than MAC move for users moving between VLANs on a port. If MAC authentication multi-VLAN mode is enabled, these users can come online in the new VLAN without being reauthenticated. To enable MAC authentication multi-VLAN mode, use the mac-authentication host-mode multi-vlan command. For more information about MAC authentication multi-VLAN mode, see "Configuring MAC authentication."

Procedure

1.     Enter system view.

system-view

2.     Enable MAC move.

port-security mac-move permit

By default, MAC move is disabled.

Enabling the authorization-fail-offline feature

About the authorization-fail-offline feature

IMPORTANT

IMPORTANT:

The authorization-fail-offline feature takes effect only on port security users that have failed ACL, CAR, or user profile authorization.

 

The authorization-fail-offline feature logs off port security users that have failed authorization.

A user fails authorization in the following situations:

·     The device or server fails to assign the specified authorization attribute to the user.

·     The device or server assigns authorization information that does not exist on the device to the user.

This feature does not apply to users that have failed VLAN authorization. The device logs off these users directly.

You can also enable the quiet timer feature for 802.1X or MAC authentication users that are logged off by the authorization-fail-offline feature. The device adds these users to the 802.1X or MAC authentication quiet queue. Within the quiet timer, the device does not process packets from these users or authenticate them. If you do not enable the quiet timer feature, the device immediately authenticates these users upon receiving packets from them.

Prerequisites

For the quiet timer feature to take effect, complete the following tasks:

·     For 802.1X users, use the dot1x quiet-period command to enable the quiet timer and use the dot1x timer quiet-period command to set the timer.

·     For MAC authentication users, use the mac-authentication timer quiet command to set the quiet timer for MAC authentication.

Procedure

1.     Enter system view.

system-view

2.     Enable the authorization-fail-offline feature.

port-security authorization-fail offline [ quiet-period ]

By default, this feature is disabled, and the device does not log off users that have failed authorization.

Setting port security's limit on the number of MAC addresses for specific VLANs on a port

About this task

Typically, port security allows the access of the following types of MAC addresses on a port:

·     MAC addresses that pass 802.1X or MAC authentication.

·     MAC addresses in the MAC authentication guest VLAN or MAC authentication critical VLAN and MAC addresses in the MAC authentication guest VSI or MAC authentication critical VSI.

·     MAC addresses in the 802.1X guest VLAN, 802.1X Auth-Fail VLAN, or 802.1X critical VLAN and MAC addresses in the 802.1X guest VSI, 802.1X Auth-Fail VSI, or 802.1X critical VSI.

This feature limits the number of MAC addresses that port security allows to access a port through specific VLANs. Use this feature to prevent resource contentions among MAC addresses and ensure reliable performance for each access user on the port. When the number of MAC addresses in a VLAN on the port reaches the upper limit, the device denies any subsequent MAC addresses in the VLAN on the port.

Restrictions and guidelines

On a port, the maximum number of MAC addresses in a VLAN cannot be smaller than the number of existing MAC addresses in the VLAN. If the specified maximum number is smaller, the setting does not take effect.

Procedure

1.     Enter system view.

system-view

2.     Enter interface view.

interface interface-type interface-number

3.     Set port security's limit on the number of MAC addresses for specific VLANs on the port.

port-security mac-limit max-number per-vlan vlan-id-list

The default setting is 2147483647.

Enabling open authentication mode

About this task

This feature enables access users (802.1X or MAC authentication users) of a port to come online and access the network even if they use nonexistent usernames or incorrect passwords.

Access users that come online in open authentication mode are called open users. Authorization and accounting are not available for open users. To display open user information, use the following commands:

·     display dot1x connection open.

·     display mac-authentication connection open.

This feature does not affect the access of users that use correct user information.

Restrictions and guidelines

When you configure open authentication mode, follow these restrictions and guidelines:

·     If global open authentication mode is enabled, all ports are enabled with open authentication mode regardless of the port-specific open authentication mode setting. If global open authentication mode is disabled, whether a port is enabled with open authentication mode depends on the port-specific open authentication mode setting.

·     The open authentication mode setting has lower priority than the 802.1X Auth-Fail VLAN and the MAC authentication guest VLAN. Open authentication mode does not take effect on a port if the port is also configured with the 802.1X Auth-Fail VLAN or the MAC authentication guest VLAN. For information about 802.1X authentication and MAC authentication, see "802.1X overview," "Configuring 802.1X," and "Configuring MAC authentication."

·     The open authentication mode setting has lower priority than the 802.1X Auth-Fail VSI and the MAC authentication guest VSI. Open authentication mode does not take effect on a port if the port is also configured with the 802.1X Auth-Fail VSI or the MAC authentication guest VSI. For information about 802.1X authentication and MAC authentication, see "802.1X overview," "Configuring 802.1X," and "Configuring MAC authentication."

Procedure

1.     Enter system view.

system-view

2.     Enable global open authentication mode.

port-security authentication open global

By default, global open authentication mode is disabled.

3.     Enter interface view.

interface interface-type interface-number

4.     Enable open authentication mode on the port.

port-security authentication open

By default, open authentication mode is disabled on a port.

Configuring free VLANs for port security

About this task

This feature allows packets from the specified VLANs to not trigger 802.1X or MAC authentication on a port configured with any of the following features:

·     802.1X authentication.

·     MAC authentication.

·     One of the following port security modes:

¡     userLogin.

¡     userLoginSecure.

¡     userLoginWithOUI.

¡     userLoginSecureExt.

¡     macAddressWithRadius.

¡     macAddressOrUserLoginSecure.

¡     macAddressElseUserLoginSecure.

¡     macAddressOrUserLoginSecureExt.

¡     macAddressElseUserLoginSecureExt.

Procedure

1.     Enter system view.

system-view

2.     Enter interface view.

interface interface-type interface-number

3.     Configure free VLANs for port security.

port-security free-vlan vlan-id-list

By default, no free VLANs for port security exist on a port.

Applying a NAS-ID profile to port security

About this task

By default, the device sends its device name in the NAS-Identifier attribute of all RADIUS requests.

A NAS-ID profile enables you to send different NAS-Identifier attribute strings in RADIUS requests from different VLANs. The strings can be organization names, service names, or any user categorization criteria, depending on the administrative requirements.

For example, map the NAS-ID companyA to all VLANs of company A. The device will send companyA in the NAS-Identifier attribute for the RADIUS server to identify requests from any Company A users.

Restrictions and guidelines

You can apply a NAS-ID profile to port security globally or on a port. On a port, the device selects a NAS-ID profile in the following order:

1.     The port-specific NAS-ID profile.

2.     The NAS-ID profile applied globally.

If no NAS-ID profile is applied or no matching binding is found in the selected profile, the device uses the device name as the NAS-ID.

For more information about the NAS-ID profile configuration, see "Configuring AAA."

Procedure

1.     Enter system view.

system-view

2.     Apply a NAS-ID profile.

¡     Apply a NAS-ID profile globally.

port-security nas-id-profile profile-name

¡     Execute the following commands in sequence to apply a NAS-ID profile to an interface:

interface interface-type interface-number

port-security nas-id-profile profile-name

By default, no NAS-ID profile is applied in system view or in interface view.

Enabling the escape critical VSI feature for 802.1X and MAC authentication users

About this task

The escape critical VSI feature operates on VXLAN networks. It enables 802.1X and MAC authentication users to escape the authentication failure that occurs because the RADIUS server is malfunctioning.

You can enable this feature temporarily to prevent 802.1X and MAC authentication service interruption while you are troubleshooting a malfunctioning RADIUS server.

After the escape critical VSI feature is enabled on a port, the device performs the following operations when 802.1X or MAC authentication is triggered for a user:

1.     Dynamically creates an Ethernet service instance that matches the user's access VLAN and MAC address on the access port.

2.     Maps the Ethernet service instance to the 802.1X or MAC authentication critical VSI on the port.

The user can then come online without authentication and access resources in the VXLAN associated with the critical VSI.

The escape critical VSI feature does not affect 802.1X or MAC authentication users that have been online before this feature is enabled.

Restrictions and guidelines

For the escape critical VSI feature to work correctly on a port, make sure the port does not have the following settings:

·     Web authentication.

·     Guest, Auth-Fail, or critical VLAN for 802.1X authentication.

·     Guest or critical VLAN for MAC authentication.

You can enable or disable this feature globally on all ports or on a per-port basis.

If the mac-authentication critical vsi critical-vsi-name url-user-logoff command is used in conjunction with this feature, MAC authentication users that have been assigned authorization URLs on the port will be logged off. For more information, see "Configuring MAC authentication."

When you disable the escape critical VSI both globally and on a port, the device logs off the users in the critical VSIs for 802.1X and MAC authentication on that port. The users must perform authentication to come online again on that port.

The escape critical VSI feature does not take effect on a new 802.1X or MAC authentication user if any of the following conditions exists:

·     The 802.1X client and the device use different EAP message handling methods.

·     802.1X MAC address binding is enabled on the user's access port, but the MAC address of the 802.1X user is not bound to that port.

·     The user's MAC address is an all-zero, all-F, or multicast MAC address.

Prerequisites

Before you enable the escape critical VSI feature on a port, configure an 802.1X critical VSI and a MAC authentication critical VSI on that port. For more information about critical VSI configuration, see "Configuring 802.1X" and "Configuring MAC authentication."

Procedure

1.     Enter system view.

system-view

2.     Enable the escape critical VSI feature.

¡     Enable the global escape critical VSI feature.

port-security global escape critical-vsi

¡     Execute the following commands in sequence to enable the escape critical VSI feature on a port:

interface interface-type interface-number

port-security escape critical-vsi

By default, the escape critical VSI feature is disabled.

Enabling SNMP notifications for port security

About this task

Use this feature to report critical port security events to an NMS. For port security event notifications to be sent correctly, you must also configure SNMP on the device. For more information about SNMP configuration, see Network Management and Monitoring Configuration Guide.

Procedure

1.     Enter system view.

system-view

2.     Enable SNMP notifications for port security.

snmp-agent trap enable port-security [ address-learned | dot1x-failure | dot1x-logoff | dot1x-logon | intrusion | mac-auth-failure | mac-auth-logoff | mac-auth-logon ] *

By default, SNMP notifications are disabled for port security.

Enabling port security user logging

About this task

This feature enables the device to generate logs about port security users and send the logs to the information center. For the logs to be output correctly, you must also configure the information center on the device. For more information about information center configuration, see Network Management and Monitoring Configuration Guide.

Restrictions and guidelines

To prevent excessive port security user log entries, use this feature only if you need to analyze abnormal port security user events.

Procedure

1.     Enter system view.

system-view

2.     Enable port security user logging.

port-security access-user log enable [ failed-authorization | mac-learning | violation | vlan-mac-limit ] *

By default, port security user logging is disabled.

If you do not specify any parameters, this command enables all types of port security user logs.

Display and maintenance commands for port security

Execute display commands in any view:

 

Task

Command

Display the port security configuration, operation information, and statistics.

display port-security [ interface interface-type interface-number ]

Display information about blocked MAC addresses.

display port-security mac-address block [ interface interface-type interface-number ] [ vlan vlan-id ] [ count ]

Display information about secure MAC addresses.

display port-security mac-address security [ interface interface-type interface-number ] [ vlan vlan-id ] [ count ]

 

Port security configuration examples

Example: Configuring port security in autoLearn mode

Network configuration

As shown in Figure 1, configure Ten-GigabitEthernet 1/0/1 on the device to meet the following requirements:

·     Accept up to 64 users without authentication.

·     Be permitted to learn and add MAC addresses as sticky MAC addresses, and set the secure MAC aging timer to 30 minutes.

·     Stop learning MAC addresses after the number of secure MAC addresses reaches 64. If any frame with an unknown MAC address arrives, intrusion protection starts, and the port shuts down and stays silent for 30 seconds.

Figure 1 Network diagram

Procedure

# Enable port security.

<Device> system-view

[Device] port-security enable

# Set the secure MAC aging timer to 30 minutes.

[Device] port-security timer autolearn aging 30

# Set port security's limit on the number of secure MAC addresses to 64 on Ten-GigabitEthernet 1/0/1.

[Device] interface ten-gigabitethernet 1/0/1

[Device-Ten-GigabitEthernet1/0/1] port-security max-mac-count 64

# Set the port security mode to autoLearn.

[Device-Ten-GigabitEthernet1/0/1] port-security port-mode autolearn

# Configure the port to be silent for 30 seconds after the intrusion protection feature is triggered.

[Device-Ten-GigabitEthernet1/0/1] port-security intrusion-mode disableport-temporarily

[Device-Ten-GigabitEthernet1/0/1] quit

[Device] port-security timer disableport 30

Verifying the configuration

# Verify the port security configuration.

[Device] display port-security interface ten-gigabitethernet 1/0/1

Global port security parameters:

   Port security          : Enabled

   AutoLearn aging time   : 30 min

   Disableport timeout    : 30 s

   Blockmac timeout       : 180 s

   MAC move               : Denied

   Authorization fail     : Online

   NAS-ID profile         : Not configured

   Dot1x-failure trap     : Disabled

   Dot1x-logon trap       : Disabled

   Dot1x-logoff trap      : Disabled

   Intrusion trap         : Disabled

   Address-learned trap   : Disabled

   Mac-auth-failure trap  : Disabled

   Mac-auth-logon trap    : Disabled

   Mac-auth-logoff trap   : Disabled

   Open authentication    : Disabled

   OUI value list         :

    Index :  1           Value : 123401

 

 Ten-GigabitEthernet1/0/1 is link-up

   Port mode                      : autoLearn

   NeedToKnow mode                : Disabled

   Intrusion protection mode      : DisablePortTemporarily

   Security MAC address attribute

       Learning mode              : Sticky

       Aging type                 : Periodical

   Max secure MAC addresses       : 64

   Current secure MAC addresses   : 0

   Authorization                  : Permitted

   NAS-ID profile                 : Not configured

   Free VLANs                     : Not configured

   Open authentication            : Disabled

   MAC-move VLAN check bypass     : Disabled

The port allows for MAC address learning, and you can view the number of learned MAC addresses in the Current secure MAC addresses field.

# Display additional information about the learned MAC addresses.

[Device] interface ten-gigabitethernet 1/0/1

[Device-Ten-GigabitEthernet1/0/1] display this

#

interface Ten-GigabitEthernet1/0/1

 port-security max-mac-count 64

 port-security port-mode autolearn

 port-security mac-address security sticky 0002-0000-0015 vlan 1

 port-security mac-address security sticky 0002-0000-0014 vlan 1

 port-security mac-address security sticky 0002-0000-0013 vlan 1

 port-security mac-address security sticky 0002-0000-0012 vlan 1

 port-security mac-address security sticky 0002-0000-0011 vlan 1

#

[Device-Ten-GigabitEthernet1/0/1] quit

# Verify that the port security mode changes to secure after the number of MAC addresses learned by the port reaches 64.

[Device] display port-security interface ten-gigabitethernet 1/0/1

# Verify that the port will be disabled for 30 seconds after it receives a frame with an unknown MAC address. (Details not shown.)

# After the port is re-enabled, delete several secure MAC addresses.

[Device] undo port-security mac-address security sticky 0002-0000-0015 vlan 1

[Device] undo port-security mac-address security sticky 0002-0000-0014 vlan 1

...

# Verify that the port security mode of the port changes to autoLearn, and the port can learn MAC addresses again. (Details not shown.)

Example: Configuring port security in userLoginWithOUI mode

Network configuration

As shown in Figure 2, a client is connected to the device through Ten-GigabitEthernet 1/0/1. The device authenticates the client with a RADIUS server in ISP domain sun. If the authentication succeeds, the client is authorized to access the Internet.

·     The RADIUS server at 192.168.1.2 acts as the primary authentication server and the secondary accounting server. The RADIUS server at 192.168.1.3 acts as the secondary authentication server and the primary accounting server. The shared key for authentication is name, and the shared key for accounting is money.

·     All users use the authentication, authorization, and accounting methods of ISP domain sun.

·     The RADIUS server response timeout time is 5 seconds. The maximum number of RADIUS packet retransmission attempts is 5. The device sends real-time accounting packets to the RADIUS server at 15-minute intervals, and sends usernames without domain names to the RADIUS server.

Configure Ten-GigabitEthernet 1/0/1 to allow only one 802.1X user and a user that uses one of the specified OUI values to be authenticated.

Figure 2 Network diagram

Procedure

The following configuration steps cover some AAA/RADIUS configuration commands. For more information about the commands, see Security Command Reference.

Make sure the host and the RADIUS server can reach each other.

1.     Configure AAA:

# Configure a RADIUS scheme named radsun.

<Device> system-view

[Device] radius scheme radsun

[Device-radius-radsun] primary authentication 192.168.1.2

[Device-radius-radsun] primary accounting 192.168.1.3

[Device-radius-radsun] secondary authentication 192.168.1.3

[Device-radius-radsun] secondary accounting 192.168.1.2

[Device-radius-radsun] key authentication simple name

[Device-radius-radsun] key accounting simple money

[Device-radius-radsun] timer response-timeout 5

[Device-radius-radsun] retry 5

[Device-radius-radsun] timer realtime-accounting 15

[Device-radius-radsun] user-name-format without-domain

[Device-radius-radsun] quit

# Configure ISP domain sun.

[Device] domain sun

[Device-isp-sun] authentication lan-access radius-scheme radsun

[Device-isp-sun] authorization lan-access radius-scheme radsun

[Device-isp-sun] accounting lan-access radius-scheme radsun

[Device-isp-sun] quit

2.     Configure 802.1X:

# Set the 802.1X authentication method to CHAP. By default, the authentication method for 802.1X is CHAP.

[Device] dot1x authentication-method chap

# Specify ISP domain sun as the mandatory authentication domain for 802.1X users on Ten-GigabitEthernet 1/0/1.

[Device] interface ten-gigabitethernet 1/0/1

[Device-Ten-GigabitEthernet1/0/1] dot1x mandatory-domain sun

[Device-Ten-GigabitEthernet1/0/1] quit

3.     Configure port security:

# Enable port security.

[Device] port-security enable

# Add five OUI values. (You can add up to 16 OUI values. The port permits only one user matching one of the OUIs to pass authentication.)

[Device] port-security oui index 1 mac-address 1234-0100-1111

[Device] port-security oui index 2 mac-address 1234-0200-1111

[Device] port-security oui index 3 mac-address 1234-0300-1111

[Device] port-security oui index 4 mac-address 1234-0400-1111

[Device] port-security oui index 5 mac-address 1234-0500-1111

# Set the port security mode to userLoginWithOUI.

[Device] interface ten-gigabitethernet 1/0/1

[Device-Ten-GigabitEthernet1/0/1] port-security port-mode userlogin-withoui

[Device-Ten-GigabitEthernet1/0/1] quit

Verifying the configuration

# Verify that Ten-GigabitEthernet 1/0/1 allows only one 802.1X user to be authenticated.

[Device] display port-security interface ten-gigabitethernet 1/0/1

Global port security parameters:

   Port security          : Enabled

   AutoLearn aging time   : 30 min

   Disableport timeout    : 30 s

   Blockmac timeout       : 180 s

   MAC move               : Denied

   Authorization fail     : Online

   NAS-ID profile         : Not configured

   Dot1x-failure trap     : Disabled

   Dot1x-logon trap       : Disabled

   Dot1x-logoff trap      : Disabled

   Intrusion trap         : Disabled

   Address-learned trap   : Disabled

   Mac-auth-failure trap  : Disabled

   Mac-auth-logon trap    : Disabled

   Mac-auth-logoff trap   : Disabled

   Open authentication    : Disabled

   OUI value list         :

       Index :  1       Value : 123401

       Index :  2       Value : 123402

       Index :  3       Value : 123403

       Index :  4       Value : 123404

       Index :  5       Value : 123405

 

 Ten-GigabitEthernet1/0/1 is link-up

   Port mode                      : userLoginWithOUI

   NeedToKnow mode                : Disabled

   Intrusion protection mode      : NoAction

   Security MAC address attribute

       Learning mode              : Sticky

       Aging type                 : Periodical

   Max secure MAC addresses       : Not configured

   Current secure MAC addresses   : 1

   Authorization                  :Permitted

   NAS-ID profile                 : Not configured

   Free VLANs                     : Not configured

   Open authentication            : Disabled

   MAC-move VLAN check bypass     : Disabled

# Display information about the online 802.1X user to verify 802.1X configuration.

[Device] display dot1x

# Verify that the port also allows one user whose MAC address has an OUI among the specified OUIs to pass authentication.

[Device] display mac-address interface ten-gigabitethernet 1/0/1

MAC Address     VLAN ID   State          Port/NickName            Aging

1234-0300-0011  1         Learned        XGE1/0/1                 Y

Example: Configuring port security in macAddressElseUserLoginSecure mode

Network configuration

As shown in Figure 3, a client is connected to the device through Ten-GigabitEthernet 1/0/1. The device authenticates the client by a RADIUS server in ISP domain sun. If the authentication succeeds, the client is authorized to access the Internet.

Configure Ten-GigabitEthernet 1/0/1 of the device to meet the following requirements:

·     Allow more than one MAC authenticated user to log on.

·     For 802.1X users, perform MAC authentication first and then, if MAC authentication fails, 802.1X authentication. Allow only one 802.1X user to log on.

·     Use the MAC address of each user as both the username and password for MAC authentication. The MAC addresses are in hexadecimal notation with hyphens, and letters are in upper case.

·     Set the total number of MAC authenticated users and 802.1X authenticated users to 64.

·     Enable NTK (ntkonly mode) to prevent frames from being sent to unknown MAC addresses.

Figure 3 Network diagram

Procedure

Make sure the host and the RADIUS server can reach each other.

1.     Configure RADIUS authentication/accounting and ISP domain settings. (See "Example: Configuring port security in userLoginWithOUI mode.")

2.     Configure port security:

# Enable port security.

<Device> system-view

[Device] port-security enable

# Use the MAC address of each user as both the username and password for MAC authentication. The MAC addresses are in hexadecimal notation with hyphens, and letters are in upper case.

[Device] mac-authentication user-name-format mac-address with-hyphen uppercase

# Specify the MAC authentication domain.

[Device] mac-authentication domain sun

# Set the 802.1X authentication method to CHAP. By default, the authentication method for 802.1X is CHAP.

[Device] dot1x authentication-method chap

# Set port security's limit on the number of MAC addresses to 64 on the port.

[Device] interface ten-gigabitethernet 1/0/1

[Device-Ten-GigabitEthernet1/0/1] port-security max-mac-count 64

# Set the port security mode to macAddressElseUserLoginSecure.

[Device-Ten-GigabitEthernet1/0/1] port-security port-mode mac-else-userlogin-secure

# Specify ISP domain sun as the mandatory authentication domain for 802.1X users.

[Device-Ten-GigabitEthernet1/0/1] dot1x mandatory-domain sun

# Set the NTK mode of the port to ntkonly.

[Device-Ten-GigabitEthernet1/0/1] port-security ntk-mode ntkonly

[Device-Ten-GigabitEthernet1/0/1] quit

Verifying the configuration

# Verify the port security configuration.

[Device] display port-security interface ten-gigabitethernet 1/0/1

Global port security parameters:

   Port security          : Enabled

   AutoLearn aging time   : 30 min

   Disableport timeout    : 30 s

   Blockmac timeout       : 180 s

   MAC move               : Denied

   Authorization fail     : Online

   NAS-ID profile         : Not configured

   Dot1x-failure trap     : Disabled

   Dot1x-logon trap       : Disabled

   Dot1x-logoff trap      : Disabled

   Intrusion trap         : Disabled

   Address-learned trap   : Disabled

   Mac-auth-failure trap  : Disabled

   Mac-auth-logon trap    : Disabled

   Mac-auth-logoff trap   : Disabled

   Open authentication    : Disabled

   OUI value list

 

 Ten-GigabitEthernet1/0/1 is link-up

   Port mode                      : macAddressElseUserLoginSecure

   NeedToKnow mode                : NeedToKnowOnly

   Intrusion protection mode      : NoAction

   Security MAC address attribute

      Learning mode               : Sticky

      Aging type                  : Periodical

   Max secure MAC addresses       : 64

   Current secure MAC addresses   : 0

   Authorization                  : Permitted

   NAS-ID profile                 : Not configured

   Free VLANs                     : Not configured

   Open authentication            : Disabled

   MAC-move VLAN check bypass     : Disabled

# After users pass authentication, display MAC authentication information. Verify that Ten-GigabitEthernet 1/0/1 allows multiple MAC authentication users to be authenticated.

[Device] display mac-authentication interface ten-gigabitethernet 1/0/1

 Global MAC authentication parameters:

   MAC authentication                  : Enabled

   Authentication method               : PAP

   User name format                    : MAC address in uppercase(XX-XX-XX-XX-XX-XX)

           Username                    : mac

           Password                    : Not configured

   Offline detect period               : 300 s

   Quiet period                        : 180 s

   Server timeout                      : 100 s

   Reauth period                       : 3600 s

   User aging period for critical VLAN : 1000 s

   User aging period for critical VSI  : 1000 s

   User aging period for guest VLAN    : 1000 s

   User aging period for guest VSI     : 1000 s

   Authentication domain               : sun

 Online MAC-auth wired users           : 3

 

 Silent MAC users:

          MAC address       VLAN ID  From port               Port index

 

Ten-GigabitEthernet1/0/1 is link-up

   MAC authentication               : Enabled

   Carry User-IP                    : Disabled

   Authentication domain            : Not configured

   Auth-delay timer                 : Disabled

   Periodic reauth                  : Disabled

   Re-auth server-unreachable       : Logoff

   Guest VLAN                       : Not configured

   Guest VLAN auth-period           : 30 s

   Critical VLAN                    : Not configured

   Critical voice VLAN              : Disabled

   Host mode                        : Single VLAN

   Offline detection                : Enabled

   Authentication order             : Default

   User aging                       : Enabled

   Server-recovery online-user-sync : Enabled

 

   Guest VSI                        : Not configured

   Guest VSI auth-period            : 30 s

   Critical VSI                     : Not configured

   Max online users                 : 4294967295

   Auto-tag feature                 : Disabled

   VLAN tag configuration ignoring  : Disabled

   Authentication attempts          : successful 3, failed 7

   Current online users             : 3

          MAC address       Auth state

          1234-0300-0011    Authenticated

          1234-0300-0012    Authenticated

          1234-0300-0013    Authenticated

# Display 802.1X authentication information. Verify that Ten-GigabitEthernet 1/0/1 allows only one 802.1X user to be authenticated.

[Device] display dot1x interface ten-gigabitethernet 1/0/1

 Global 802.1X parameters:

   802.1X authentication                : Enabled

   CHAP authentication                  : Enabled

   Max-tx period                        : 30 s

   Handshake period                     : 15 s

   Quiet timer                          : Disabled

       Quiet period                     : 60 s

   Supp timeout                         : 30 s

   Server timeout                       : 100 s

   Reauth period                        : 3600 s

   Max auth requests                    : 2

   User aging period for Auth-Fail VLAN : 1000 s

   User aging period for Auth-Fail VSI  : 1000 s

   User aging period for critical VLAN  : 1000 s

   User aging period for critical VSI   : 1000 s

   User aging period for guest VLAN     : 1000 s

   User aging period for guest VSI      : 1000 s

   EAD assistant function               : Disabled

       EAD timeout                      : 30 min

   Domain delimiter                     : @

 Online 802.1X wired users              : 1

 

 Ten-GigabitEthernet1/0/1  is link-up

   802.1X authentication            : Enabled

   Handshake                        : Enabled

   Handshake reply                  : Disabled

   Handshake security               : Disabled

   Unicast trigger                  : Disabled

   Periodic reauth                  : Disabled

   Port role                        : Authenticator

   Authorization mode               : Auto

   Port access control              : MAC-based

   Multicast trigger                : Enabled

   Mandatory auth domain            : sun

   Guest VLAN                       : Not configured

   Auth-Fail VLAN                   : Not configured

   Critical VLAN                    : Not configured

   Critical voice VLAN              : Disabled

   Add Guest VLAN delay             : Disabled

   Re-auth server-unreachable       : Logoff

   Max online users                 : 4294967295

   User IP freezing                 : Disabled

   Reauth period                    : 60 s

   Send Packets Without Tag         : Disabled

   Max Attempts Fail Number         : 0

   Guest VSI                        : Not configured

   Auth-Fail VSI                    : Not configured

   Critical VSI                     : Not configured

   Add Guest VSI delay              : Disabled

   User aging                       : Enabled

   Server-recovery online-user-sync : Enabled

 

   EAPOL packets: Tx 16331, Rx 102

   Sent EAP Request/Identity packets : 16316

        EAP Request/Challenge packets: 6

        EAP Success packets: 4

        EAP Failure packets: 5

   Received EAPOL Start packets : 6

            EAPOL LogOff packets: 2

            EAP Response/Identity packets : 80

            EAP Response/Challenge packets: 6

            Error packets: 0

   Online 802.1X users: 1

          MAC address         Auth state

          0002-0000-0011      Authenticated

# Verify that frames with an unknown destination MAC address, multicast address, or broadcast address are discarded. (Details not shown.)

Troubleshooting port security

Cannot set the port security mode

Symptom

Cannot set the port security mode for a port.

Analysis

For a port operating in a port security mode other than noRestrictions, you cannot change the port security mode by using the port-security port-mode command.

Solution

To resolve the issue:

1.     Set the port security mode to noRestrictions.

[Device-Ten-GigabitEthernet1/0/1] undo port-security port-mode

2.     Set a new port security mode for the port, for example, autoLearn.

[Device-Ten-GigabitEthernet1/0/1] port-security port-mode autolearn

3.     If the issue persists, contact H3C Support.

Cannot configure secure MAC addresses

Symptom

Cannot configure secure MAC addresses.

Analysis

No secure MAC address can be configured on a port operating in a port security mode other than autoLearn.

Solution

To resolve the issue:

1.     Set the port security mode to autoLearn.

[Device-Ten-GigabitEthernet1/0/1] undo port-security port-mode

[Device-Ten-GigabitEthernet1/0/1] port-security max-mac-count 64

[Device-Ten-GigabitEthernet1/0/1] port-security port-mode autolearn

[Device-Ten-GigabitEthernet1/0/1] port-security mac-address security 1-1-2 vlan 1

2.     If the issue persists, contact H3C Support.