05-Network Connectivity

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17-Policy-based routing commands
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17-Policy-based routing commands 112.00 KB

Policy-based routing commands

Access controller modules do not support parameters or commands that are available only in IRF mode.

apply continue

Use apply continue to compare packets with the next policy node upon failure on the current node.

Use undo apply continue to restore the default.

Syntax

apply continue

undo apply continue

Default

PBR does not compare packets with the next policy node upon failure on the current node.

Views

Policy node view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

Usage guidelines

This command takes effect only when the match mode of the node is permit.

This command applies when either of the following conditions exist:

·     None of the following clauses is configured for packet forwarding:

¡     apply next-hop

¡     apply output-interface

¡     apply default-next-hop

¡     apply default-output-interface

·     A clause listed above is configured, but it has become invalid. Then, a routing table lookup also fails for the matching packet.

 

NOTE:

A clause might become invalid because the specified next hop is unreachable or the specified output interface is down.

Examples

# Compare with the next policy node upon failure on the current node.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] policy-based-route aa permit node 11

[Sysname-pbr-aa-11] apply continue

apply default-next-hop

Use apply default-next-hop to set default next hops.

Use undo apply default-next-hop to remove default next hops.

Syntax

apply default-next-hop { ip-address [ direct ] [ track track-entry-number ] }&<1-n>

undo apply default-next-hop [ ip-address&<1-n> ]

Default

No default next hops are set.

Views

Policy node view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

Parameters

ip-address: Specifies the IP address of a default next hop.

direct: Specifies a directly connected default next hop.

track track-entry-number: Specifies a track entry by its number in the range of 1 to 1024.

&<1-n>: Indicates that you can specify up to n default next hops, each of which can be associated with a track entry. The value for n is 4.

Usage guidelines

You can specify multiple default next hops for backup or load sharing in one command line or by executing this command multiple times.

With a default next hop specified, the undo apply default-next-hop command removes the default next hop.

Without any default next hop specified, the undo apply default-next-hop command removes all default next hops.

Examples

# Set a directly-connected default next hop of 1.1.1.1.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] policy-based-route aa permit node 11

[Sysname-pbr-aa-11] apply default-next-hop 1.1.1.1 direct

Related commands

apply loadshare

apply default-output-interface

Use apply default-output-interface to set default output interfaces.

Use undo apply default-output-interface to remove default output interfaces.

Syntax

apply default-output-interface { interface-type interface-number [ track track-entry-number ] }&<1-n>

undo apply default-output-interface [ { interface-type interface-number }&<1-n> ]

Default

No default output interfaces are set.

Views

Policy node view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

Parameters

interface-type interface-number: Specifies an interface by its type and number.

track track-entry-number: Specifies a track entry by its number in the range of 1 to 1024.

&<1-n>: Indicates that you can specify up to n interfaces, each of which can be associated with a track entry. The value for n is 4.

Usage guidelines

You can specify multiple default output interfaces for backup or load sharing in one command line or by executing this command multiple times.

The default output interface must be P2P type. Using a non-P2P default output interface can result in forwarding failures when the interface has multiple next hops. Non-P2P interfaces include broadcast and non-broadcast multi-access (NBMA) interfaces such as Ethernet and virtual-template interfaces. In NBMA networks, packets are sent in unicast.

With a default output interface specified, the undo apply default-output-interface command removes the default output interface.

Without any default output interface specified, the undo apply default-output-interface command removes all default output interfaces.

Examples

# Specify VLAN-interface 2 as the default output interface for IP packets.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] policy-based-route aa permit node 11

[Sysname-pbr-aa-11] apply default-output-interface vlan-interface 2

Related commands

apply loadshare

apply ip-df

Use apply ip-df to set the Don't Fragment (DF) bit in the IP header of matching packets.

Use undo apply ip-df to restore the default.

Syntax

apply ip-df df-value

undo apply ip-df

Default

The DF bit is not set.

Views

Policy node view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

Parameters

df-value: Sets the DF bit in the IP header of matching packets. The value can be 0 or 1.

Usage guidelines

Setting the DF bit to 0 allows packet fragmentation.

Setting the DF bit to 1 prohibits packet fragmentation.

Examples

# Set the DF bit in the IP header of matching packets to 0.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] policy-based-route aa permit node 11

[Sysname-pbr-aa-11] apply ip-df 0

apply loadshare

Use apply loadshare to enable load sharing among multiple next hops, output interfaces, default next hops, or default output interfaces.

Use undo apply loadshare to restore the default.

Syntax

apply loadshare { default-next-hop | default-output-interface | next-hop | output-interface }

undo apply loadshare { default-next-hop | default-output-interface | next-hop | output-interface }

Default

Multiple next hops, output interfaces, default next hops, or default output interfaces operate in primary/backup mode.

Views

Policy node view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

Parameters

default-next-hop: Enables load sharing among multiple default next hops.

default-output-interface: Enables load sharing among multiple default output interfaces.

next-hop: Enables load sharing among multiple next hops.

output-interface: Enables load sharing among multiple output interfaces.

Usage guidelines

Multiple next hops, output interfaces, default next hops, or default output interfaces operate in either primary/backup or load sharing mode. For example:

·     Primary/backup mode—The first configured output interface is used. When the primary output interface fails, the first configured backup output interface takes over.

·     Load sharing mode—Multiple output interfaces load share traffic on a per-packet basis in turn, according to the configuration order.

 

 

NOTE:

Multiple next hops load share traffic according to their weights. By default, all next hops have the same weight and traffic is load balanced among them.

 

Examples

# Enable load sharing among multiple next hops.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] policy-based-route aa permit node 11

[Sysname-pbr-aa-11] apply next-hop 1.1.1.1 2.2.2.2

[Sysname-pbr-aa-11] apply loadshare next-hop

# Enable load sharing among multiple output interfaces.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] policy-based-route aa permit node 11

[Sysname-pbr-aa-11] apply output-interface vlan-interface 1 vlan-interface 2

[Sysname-pbr-aa-11] apply loadshare output-interface

# Enable load sharing among multiple default next hops.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] policy-based-route aa permit node 11

[Sysname-pbr-aa-11] apply default-next-hop 1.1.1.1 2.2.2.2

[Sysname-pbr-aa-11] apply loadshare default-next-hop

# Enable load sharing among multiple default output interfaces.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] policy-based-route aa permit node 11

[Sysname-pbr-aa-11] apply default-output-interface vlan-interface 1 vlan-interface 2

[Sysname-pbr-aa-11] apply loadshare default-output-interface

Related commands

apply default-next-hop

apply default-output-interface

apply next-hop

apply output-interface

apply next-hop

Use apply next-hop to set next hops.

Use undo apply next-hop to remove next hops.

Syntax

apply next-hop { ip-address [ direct ] [ track track-entry-number ] [ weight weight-value ] }&<1-n>

undo apply next-hop [ ip-address&<1-n> ]

Default

No next hops are set.

Views

Policy node view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

Parameters

ip-address: Specifies the IP address of a next hop.

direct: Specifies that the next hop must be directly connected to take effect.

track track-entry-number: Specifies a track entry by its number in the range of 1 to 1024.

weight weight-value: Specifies a load sharing weight for the next hop, in the range of 1 to 100. The default is 10. If you specify weights 1, 1, and 2 for three next hops, they share 1/4, 1/4, and 1/2 of the whole traffic, respectively.

&<1-n>: Indicates that you can specify up to n next hops, each of which can be associated with a track entry. The value for n is 4.

Usage guidelines

You can specify multiple next hops for backup or load sharing in one command line or by executing this command multiple times.

With a next hop specified, the undo apply next-hop command removes the next hop.

Without any next hop specified, the undo apply next-hop command removes all next hops.

Examples

# Set a directly-connected next hop of 1.1.1.1.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] policy-based-route aa permit node 11

[Sysname-pbr-aa-11] apply next-hop 1.1.1.1 direct

Related commands

apply loadshare

apply output-interface

Use apply output-interface to set output interfaces.

Use undo apply output-interface to remove output interfaces.

Syntax

apply output-interface { interface-type interface-number [ track track-entry-number ] }&<1-n>

undo apply output-interface [ { interface-type interface-number }&<1-n> ]

Default

No output interfaces are set.

Views

Policy node view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

Parameters

interface-type interface-number: Specifies an interface by its type and number.

track track-entry-number: Specifies a track entry by its number in the range of 1 to 1024.

&<1-n>: Indicates that you can specify up to n interfaces, each of which can be associated with a track entry. The value for n is 4.

Usage guidelines

You can specify multiple output interfaces for backup or load sharing in one command line or by executing this command multiple times.

The output interface must be P2P type. Using a non-P2P output interface can result in forwarding failures when the interface has multiple next hops. Non-P2P interfaces include broadcast and NBMA interfaces such as Ethernet and virtual-template interfaces.

With an output interface specified, the undo apply output-interface command removes the output interface.

Without any output interface specified, the undo apply output-interface command removes all output interfaces.

Examples

# Specify VLAN-interface 2 as the output interface for IP packets.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] policy-based-route aa permit node 11

[Sysname-pbr-aa-11] apply output-interface vlan-interface 2

Related commands

apply loadshare

apply precedence

Use apply precedence to set a precedence for IP packets.

Use undo apply precedence to restore the default.

Syntax

apply precedence { type | value }

undo apply precedence

Default

No precedence is set for IP packets.

Views

Policy node view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

Parameters

type: Specifies the precedence type for IP packets.

value: Specifies the precedence for IP packets. Eight precedence values (0 to 7) are available. Each precedence value corresponds to a precedence type, as shown in Table 1. You can set either a precedence value or a precedence type for IP packets.

Table 1 IP precedences and corresponding types

Precedence value

Precedence type

0

routine

1

priority

2

immediate

3

flash

4

flash-override

5

critical

6

internet

7

network

 

Examples

# Set the precedence to 5 (critical) for IP packets.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] policy-based-route aa permit node 11

[Sysname-pbr-aa-11] apply precedence critical

display ip policy-based-route

Use display ip policy-based-route to display PBR policy information.

Syntax

display ip policy-based-route [ policy policy-name ]

Views

Any view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

network-operator

Parameters

policy policy-name: Specifies a policy by its name, a case-sensitive string of 1 to 19 characters. If you do not specify a policy, this command displays information for all PBR policies.

Examples

# Display all policy information.

<Sysname> display ip policy-based-route

Policy name: aaa

  node 1 permit:

    if-match acl 2000

    apply next-hop 1.1.1.1

Table 2 Command output

Field

Description

node 1 permit

The match mode of Node 1 is permit.

if-match acl

Compares packets with the ACL.

apply next-hop

Specifies a next hop for permitted packets.

 

Related commands

policy-based-route

display ip policy-based-route interface

Use display ip policy-based-route interface to display interface PBR configuration and statistics.

Syntax

display ip policy-based-route interface interface-type interface-number

Views

Any view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

network-operator

Parameters

interface-type interface-number: Specifies an interface by its type and number.

Examples

# Display PBR configuration and statistics on VLAN-interface 2.

<Sysname> display ip policy-based-route interface vlan-interface 2

Policy based routing information for interface Vlan-interface2(failed):

Policy name: aaa

  node 0 deny:

  Matched: 0

  node 1 permit:

    if-match acl 3999

  Matched: 0

  node 2 permit:

    if-match acl 2000

    apply next-hop 2.2.2.2

  Matched: 0

  node 5 permit:

    if-match acl 3101

    apply next-hop 1.1.1.1

    apply output-interface Vlan-interface3 track 1 (down)

    apply output-interface Vlan-interface4 track 2 (inactive)

  Matched: 0

Total matched: 0

<Sysname> display ip policy-based-route interface vlan-interface 2

Policy based routing information for interface Vlan-interface2:

Policy name: aaa

  node 0 deny(not support):

  Matched: 0

  node 1 permit:

    if-match acl 3999

  Matched: 0

  node 2 permit(no resource):

    if-match acl 2000

    apply next-hop 2.2.2.2

    apply output-interface Vlan-interface3 track 1 (down)

    apply output-interface Vlan-interface4 track 2 (inactive)

  Matched: 0

  node 5 permit:

    if-match acl 3101

    apply next-hop 1.1.1.1

  Matched: 0 (no statistics resource)

Total matched: 0

Table 3 Command output

Field

Description

Policy based routing information for interface XXXX(failed)

PBR configuration and statistics on the interface.

This field displays failed in brackets if none of the nodes in the policy has been successfully issued to the driver. The failed status will persist even after the policy is successfully issued. To clear the failed status, you must remove the policy from the interface and then apply it on the interface again.

node 0 deny(not support)

node 2 permit(no resource)

Match mode of the node, permit or deny.

If a node fails to be issued to the driver, the command displays the cause in brackets, which include:

·     not support—The device does not support the match criteria configured on the node.

·     no resource—No sufficient resources (for example, ACLs) are available for the node.

if-match acl

Compares packets with the ACL.

apply next-hop

Specifies a next hop for permitted packets.

apply output-interface  track 1 (down)

Specifies an output interface and its associated track entry for permitted packets.

This field displays the interface status in brackets.

·     up—The interface is up.

·     down—The interface is down at network layer.

·     inactive—The card that hosts the interface is not in position.

Matched: 0 (no statistics resource)

Number of successful matches on the node. If the device does not have sufficient resources to count matches, this field displays no statistics resource in brackets.

Total matched

Total number of successful matches on all nodes.

 

Related commands

reset ip policy-based-route statistics

display ip policy-based-route local

Use display ip policy-based-route local to display local PBR configuration and statistics.

Syntax

display ip policy-based-route local

Views

Any view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

network-operator

Examples

# Display local PBR configuration and statistics.

<Sysname> display ip policy-based-route local

Policy based routing information for local:

Policy name: aaa

  node 0 deny:

  Matched: 0

  node 1 permit:

    if-match acl 3999

  Matched: 0

  node 2 permit:

    if-match acl 2000

    apply next-hop 2.2.2.2

  Matched: 0

  node 5 permit:

    if-match acl 3101

    apply next-hop 1.1.1.1

  Matched: 0

Total matched: 0

Table 4 Command output

Field

Description

Policy based routing information for local

Local PBR configuration and statistics.

node 0 deny/node 2 permit

Match mode of the node: permit or deny.

if-match acl

Compares packets with the ACL.

apply next-hop

Specifies a next hop for permitted packets.

Matched: 0

Number of successful matches on the node.

Total matched

Total number of successful matches on all nodes.

 

Related commands

reset ip policy-based-route statistics

display ip policy-based-route setup

Use display ip policy-based-route setup to display PBR configuration.

Syntax

display ip policy-based-route setup

Views

Any view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

network-operator

Examples

# Display PBR configuration.

<Sysname> display ip policy-based-route setup

Policy name              Type     Interface

pr01                     Forward  Vlan-interface2

aaa                      Local    N/A

Table 5 Command output

Field

Description

Policy name

Name of the PBR policy.

Type

PBR type:

·     Forward—Interface PBR.

·     Local—Local PBR.

Interface

Interface where the PBR policy is applied.

This field displays N/A for local PBR.

 

Related commands

ip policy-based-route

if-match acl

Use if-match acl to set an ACL match criterion.

Use undo if-match acl to restore the default.

Syntax

if-match acl { acl-number | name acl-name }

undo if-match acl

Default

No ACL match criterion is set.

Views

Policy node view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

Parameters

acl-number: Specifies an ACL by its number in the range of 2000 to 2999 for a basic ACL, and in the range of 3000 to 3999 for an advanced ACL.

name acl-name: Specifies an ACL by its name, a case-insensitive string of 1 to 63 characters starting with letter a to z or A to Z. The ACL name cannot be all. For the command to take effect, make sure the specified ACL is a basic or advanced ACL.

Examples

# Configure Node 11 of policy aa to permit the packets matching ACL 2011.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] policy-based-route aa permit node 11

[Sysname-pbr-aa-11] if-match acl 2011

# Configure Node 11 of policy aa to permit the packets matching ACL aaa.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] policy-based-route aa permit node 11

[Sysname-pbr-aa-11] if-match acl name aaa

ip local policy-based-route

Use ip local policy-based-route to specify a policy for local PBR.

Use undo ip local policy-based-route to restore the default.

Syntax

ip local policy-based-route policy-name

undo ip local policy-based-route

Default

No policy is specified for local PBR.

Views

System view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

Parameters

policy-name: Specifies a policy by its name, a case-sensitive string of 1 to 19 characters. The specified policy must already exist.

Usage guidelines

Local PBR guides the forwarding of locally generated packets, such as ICMP packets generated by using the ping command.

Local PBR might affect local services, such as ping and Telnet. When you use local PBR, make sure you fully understand its impact on local services of the device.

You can specify only one policy for local PBR and must make sure the specified policy already exists.

Before you apply a new policy, you must first remove the current policy.

Examples

# Configure local PBR based on policy aaa.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] ip local policy-based-route aaa

Related commands

display ip policy-based-route setup

policy-based-route

ip policy-based-route

Use ip policy-based-route to specify a policy for interface PBR on an interface.

Use undo ip policy-based-route to restore the default.

Syntax

ip policy-based-route policy-name

undo ip policy-based-route

Default

No policy is applied to an interface.

Views

Interface view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

Parameters

policy-name: Specifies a policy by its name, a case-sensitive string of 1 to 19 characters. The specified policy must already exist.

Examples

# Apply policy aaa to VLAN-interface 2.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] interface vlan-interface 2

[Sysname-Vlan-interface2] ip policy-based-route aaa

Related commands

display ip policy-based-route setup

policy-based-route

policy-based-route

Use policy-based-route to create a policy node and enter its view, or enter the view of an existing policy node.

Use undo policy-based-route to delete a policy or policy node.

Syntax

policy-based-route policy-name [ deny | permit ] node node-number

undo policy-based-route policy-name [ deny | node node-number | permit ]

Default

No policy nodes exist.

Views

System view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

Parameters

policy-name: Specifies a policy by its name, a case-sensitive string of 1 to 19 characters.

deny: Specifies the match mode for the policy node as deny.

permit: Specifies the match mode for the policy node as permit (default mode).

node node-number: Specifies a policy node by its number. A smaller number has a higher priority. The value range for the node-number argument varies by device model.

Usage guidelines

A policy that has been applied to an interface or locally cannot be deleted. To delete it, you must first cancel the application.

·     If a policy node is specified, the undo policy-based-route command deletes the specified policy node.

·     If a match mode is specified, the command deletes all nodes configured with the match mode.

·     If no policy node or match mode is specified, the command deletes the whole policy.

Examples

# Create permit-mode of Node 10 for policy policy1 and enter its view.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] policy-based-route policy1 permit node 10

[Sysname-pbr-policy1-10]

Related commands

display ip policy-based-route

reset ip policy-based-route statistics

Use reset ip policy-based-route statistics to clear PBR statistics.

Syntax

reset ip policy-based-route statistics [ policy policy-name ]

Views

User view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

Parameters

policy policy-name: Specifies a policy by its name, a case-sensitive string of 1 to 19 characters. If you do not specify a policy, this command clears PBR statistics for all policies.

Examples

# Clear all PBR statistics.

<Sysname> reset ip policy-based-route statistics

Related commands

display ip policy-based-route interface

display ip policy-based-route local

snmp-agent trap enable policy-based-route

Use snmp-agent trap enable policy-based-route to enable SNMP notifications for PBR.

Use undo snmp-agent trap enable policy-based-route to disable SNMP notifications for PBR.

Syntax

snmp-agent trap enable policy-based-route

undo snmp-agent trap enable policy-based-route

Default

SNMP notifications are enabled for PBR.

Views

System view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

Usage guidelines

After you enable this feature, PBR can generate notifications and send them to the SNMP module when the next hop becomes invalid. For the PBR notifications to be sent correctly, you must also configure SNMP on the device. For more information about configuring SNMP, see the network management and monitoring configuration guide for the device.

Examples

# Enable SNMP notifications for PBR.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] snmp-agent trap enable policy-based-route