H3C S5130S_LI-CMW710-R6126P39

Release time:2019-04-19
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H3C S5130S_LI-CMW710-R6126P39 Release Notes

Contents

Version information· 1

Version number 1

Version history· 1

Hardware and software compatibility matrix· 1

Upgrading restrictions and guidelines· 3

Hardware feature updates· 3

S5130S_LI-CMW710-R6126P39· 3

S5130S_LI-CMW710-R6126P38· 3

S5130S_LI-CMW710-R6126P36· 3

S5130S_LI-CMW710-R6126P35· 3

S5130S_LI-CMW710-R6126P13· 3

Software feature and command updates· 3

MIB Updates· 3

Operation Changes· 4

Operation changes in R6126P39· 4

Operation changes in R6126P38· 4

Operation changes in R6126P36· 4

Operation changes in R6126P35· 4

Operation changes in R6126P13· 5

Restrictions and cautions· 5

Open problems and workarounds· 5

List of resolved problems· 5

Resolved problems in R6126P39· 5

Resolved problems in R6126P38· 6

Resolved problems in R6126P36· 10

Resolved problems in R6126P35· 10

Resolved problems in R6126P13· 11

Related documentation· 11

Documentation set 11

Obtaining Documentation· 11

Technical support 12

Appendix A Feature list 13

Hardware features· 13

Software features· 14

Appendix B Upgrading software· 17

System software file types· 17

System startup process· 17

Upgrade methods· 18

Upgrading from the CLI 19

Preparing for the upgrade· 19

Downloading software images to the master switch· 20

Upgrading the software images· 23

Upgrading from the Boot menu· 24

Prerequisites· 24

Accessing the Boot menu· 25

Accessing the extended Boot menu· 26

Upgrading Comware images from the Boot menu· 28

Upgrading Boot ROM from the Boot menu· 37

Managing files from the Boot menu· 44

Handling software upgrade failures· 47

 



This document describes the features, restrictions and guidelines, open problems, and workarounds for version S5130S_LI-CMW710-R6126P39 . Before you use this version in a live network, back up the configuration and test the version to avoid software upgrade affecting your live network.

Use this documents listed in "Related documentation."

Version information

Version number

H3C Comware Software, Version 7.1.070, Release 6126P39

Note: You can see the version number with the command display version in any view. Please see Note.

Version history

Table 1 Version history

Version number

Last version

Release Date

Release type

Remarks

S5130S_LI-CMW710-R6126P39

S5130S_LI-CMW710-R6126P38

2019-01-25

Release version

Fixed bugs

S5130S_LI-CMW710-R6126P38

S5130S_LI-CMW710-R6126P36

2018-12-20

Release version

Fixed bugs

S5130S_LI-CMW710-R6126P36

S5130S_LI-CMW710-R6126P35

2018-07-20

Release version

Fixed bugs

S5130S_LI-CMW710-R6126P35

S5130S_LI-CMW710-R6126P13

2018-06-30

Release version

Fixed bugs

S5130S_LI-CMW710-R6126P13

First release

2018-05-15

Release version

First release

 

Hardware and software compatibility matrix

Table 2 Hardware and software compatibility matrix

Item

Specifications

Product family

S5130S_LI Series

Hardware platform

S5130S-28S-LI

S5130S-52S-LI

Minimum memory requirements

512M

Minimum Flash requirements

256M

Boot ROM version

Version 126 or higher (Note: Use the display version command in any view to view the version information. Please see Note)

Host software

S5130S_LI-CMW710-R6126P39.ipe

iMC version

iMC BIMS 7.3 (E0501)

iMC EAD 7.3 (E0502)

iMC EIA 7.3 (E0503)

iMC NTA 7.3E0502

iMC PLAT 7.3 (E0605P06)

iMC QoSM 7.3 (E0502)

iMC RAM 7.3 (E0501)

iMC SHM 7.3 (E0502)

iNode version

iNode PC 7.3 (E0504)

Web version

None

Remarks

None

 

Display the system software and Boot ROM versions of S5130S-LI:

<H3C>dis version                                                           

H3C Comware Software, Version 7.1.070, Release 6126P39        ---------   注①                                                                      

Copyright (c) 2004-2019 New H3C Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.                                                          

H3C S5130S-28S-LI uptime is 0 weeks, 0 days, 0 hours, 2 minutes                                                                       

Last reboot reason : Cold reboot                                                                                                   

                                                                                                                                    

Boot image: flash:/s5130s_li-cmw710-boot-r6126p39.bin                                                                             

Boot image version: 7.1.070, Release 6126P39                                                                                       

  Compiled Apr 13 2017 16:00:00                                                                                                    

System image: flash:/s5130s_li-cmw710-system-r6126p39.bin                                                                         

System image version: 7.1.070, Release 6126P39                                                                                     

  Compiled Apr 13 2017 16:00:00                                                                                                    

Feature image(s) list:                                                         

  flash:/s5130s_li-cmw710-freeradius-r6126p39.bin, version: 7.1.070             

    Compiled Apr 13 2017 16:00:00                                                                                                                                                                                  

 

                                                                                                                                    

Slot 1:                                                                                                                            

Uptime is 0 weeks,0 days,0 hours,8 minutes                                                                                         

S5130S-28S-LI with 1 Processor                                                                                                       

BOARD TYPE:         S5130S-28S-LI                                                                                                     

DRAM:               512M bytes                                                                                                      

FLASH:              256M bytes                                                                                                     

PCB 1 Version:      VER.A                                                                                                           

Bootrom Version:    126                                          ------  注②                                                                                         

CPLD 1 Version:     001                                                                                                            

Release Version:    H3C S5130S-28S-LI-6126P39                                                                                         

Patch Version  :    None                                                                                                           

Reboot Cause  :     ColdReboot                                                                                                      

[SubSlot 0] 24GE+4SFP+      

Upgrading restrictions and guidelines

None.

Hardware feature updates

S5130S_LI-CMW710-R6126P39

BIDI 40KM and 80KM Gigabit transceiver modules are supported.

S5130S_LI-CMW710-R6126P38

None.

S5130S_LI-CMW710-R6126P36

None.

S5130S_LI-CMW710-R6126P35

None.

S5130S_LI-CMW710-R6126P13

First release.

Software feature and command updates

For more information about the software feature and command update history, see H3C S5130S_LI-CMW710-R6126P39 Release Notes (Software Feature Changes)

MIB Updates

Table 3 MIB updates

Item

MIB file

Module

Description

S5130S_LI-CMW710-R6126P39

New

None

None

None

Modified

None

None

None

S5130S_LI-CMW710-R6126P38

New

None

None

None

Modified

None

None

None

S5130S_LI-CMW710-R6126P36

New

None

None

None

Modified

None

None

None

S5130S_LI-CMW710-R6126P35

New

None

None

None

Modified

None

None

None

S5130S_LI-CMW710-R6126P13

New

First release

First release

First release

Modified

First release

First release

First release

 

Operation Changes

Operation changes in R6126P39

None.

Operation changes in R6126P38

The priority order of referencing ACLs is modified for MQC, packet filter, and portal.

Before modification: Portal > packet filter > MQC

After modification: Packet filter > MQC > portal

Operation changes in R6126P36

None.

Operation changes in R6126P35

None.

Operation changes in R6126P13

First release.

Restrictions and cautions

Release 6126P39 must use BootROM 126 or a later version.

Before upgrading the software, you must fully understand the software feature changes between different software versions in H3C S5130S_LI-CMW710-R6126P39 Release Notes (Software Feature Changes) and evaluate the impacts of the software upgrade on the live network. At the same time, for more information, you can refer to the related documentation sets.

Open problems and workarounds

1.       201902020022

·            Symptom: When the voice VLAN security mode is enabled and LLDP is enabled for automatic IP phone discovery, the switch drops the LLDPDUs that have voice VLAN tags, and automatic IP phone discovery does not take effect.

·            Condition: This symptom might occur if the voice VLAN security mode is enabled and LLDP is enabled for automatic IP phone discovery.

·            Workaround: Disable the voice VLAN security mode.

List of resolved problems

Resolved problems in R6126P39

1.       201901250098

·            Symptom: On an IRF fabric, execution of the voice-vlan enable command fails for lack of resources.

·            Condition: This symptom might occur if the value obtained by subtracting the number of OUI addresses from the product of the number of voice VLAN-enabled interfaces and the number of IRF member devices is larger than 56.

2.       201901250420

·            Symptom: A PBR policy does not take effect on an interface if link status change occurs on another interface which is the next hop of a large number of routes.

·            Condition: This symptom might occur if link status change occurs on an interface which is the next hop of a large number of routes.

3.       201901250337

·            Symptom: On an IRF fabric, the MAC addresses obtained by using SNMP are inconsistent with those displayed by using the display mac-address command.

·            Condition: This symptom might occur if the following conditions exist on an IRF fabric:

¡  No multichassis aggregation group is configured.

¡  MAC address synchronization is disabled.

¡  No inter-slot traffic exists.

Resolved problems in R6126P38

1.       201806150108

·            Symptom: The rate information of a 100-Mbps port is displayed as 1000 Mbps.

·            Condition: This symptom occurs if you execute the link-delay command on the port and set the rate of the peer port to 1000 Mbps.

2.       201812200151

·            Symptom: After a PoE device is powered off and then restarted, the PoE device cannot supply power properly.

·            Condition: This symptom occurs if the PoE device is installed with the PSE module LSPPSE24A, LSPPSE48A, LSPPSE16A, or LSPPSE8A.

3.       201811080865

·            Symptom: The switch acting as a DHCP client cannot obtain IP addresses from an H3C DHCP server.

·            Condition: This symptom occurs if the DHCP-OFFER message sent by the DHCP server uses a unicast MAC address as the destination MAC address.

4.       201811260764

·            Symptom: An access node is automated and connected to a leaf node through two uplinks and the two links are automatically aggregated. However, the topology shows that there are multiple links between the access node and the leaf node, and there is no aggregate interface in the interface group of each node.

·            Condition: This symptom occurs if an access node is automated and connected to a leaf node through two uplinks and the two links are automatically aggregated.

5.       201810120764

·            Symptom: After a two-chassis IRF fabric reboots, MAC authentication users fail authentication on a port of the subordinate member.

·            Condition: This symptom might occur if the following conditions exist:

a.    The IRF member devices each have a port that is working in the userlogin-secure-or-mac port security mode.

b.   The running configuration is saved and the .mdb configuration file is deleted before the IRF fabric is rebooted.

c.    MAC authentication users perform authentication on the port in userlogin-secure-or-mac mode of the subordinate member after the IRF fabric reboots.

6.       201810120762

·            Symptom: After the switch upgrades to the current software version and loads a text configuration file, command output shows that port security configuration becomes incorrect.

·            Condition: This symptom might occur if the running configuration is saved after port security is configured and then the switch upgrades to the current software version.

7.       201809190880

·            Symptom: An IP phone attached to the switch cannot communicate with the gateway.

·            Condition: This symptom might occur if the port which the IP phone is attached to is shut down and then brought up after the IP phone joins a voice VLAN.

8.       201809180169

·            Symptom: The following symptoms exist after the switch is rebooted:

¡  PoE-capable ports cannot supply power.

¡  In the output from the display environment command, the temperature of the last sensor is higher than the shutdown temperature threshold or displayed as --.

¡  The switch outputs the over temperature alarm.

¡  The SYS LED is red.

·            Condition: This symptom might occur if the power supply priority of multiple ports is set to critical and the switch is powered off before rebooted.

9.       201809150233

·            Symptom: The following symptoms exist after the switch is rebooted or has been running for a period of time:

¡  PoE-capable ports cannot supply power.

¡  In the output from the display environment command, the temperature of the last sensor is higher than the shutdown temperature threshold or displayed as --.

¡  The switch outputs the over temperature alarm.

¡  The SYS LED is red.

·            Condition: This symptom might occur if the switch is powered off before rebooted or has been running for a period of time.

10.     201809140213

·            Symptom: After the switch starts up, PoE-capable ports cannot supply power, and the SYS LED becomes red.

·            Condition: This symptom might occur if the switch starts up correctly.

11.     201808310515

·            Symptom: When the switch has multiple ECMP routes to a destination, the MAC address entries for the next hops are incorrect.

·            Condition: This symptom might occur if the switch has multiple ECMP routes to a destination.

12.     201810290223

·            Symptom: Telnet login fails when the CPU is attacked by packets.

·            Condition: This symptom might occur if the CPU is attacked by packets.

13.     201810220044

·            Symptom: The memory is exhausted when Ethernet interfaces are repeatedly shut down and brought up.

·            Condition: This symptom might occur if Ethernet interfaces are repeatedly shut down and brought up.

14.     201809210670

·            Symptom: The port security process does not respond.

·            Condition: This symptom might occur if LLDP requests user information from the port security module when the disableport-temporarily intrusion protection action is triggered on a port configured with port security.

15.     201804040436

·            Symptom: After an IRF fabric starts up with empty configuration, ARP packets that should be forwarded are sent to the CPU.

·            Condition: This symptom might occur if an IRF fabric starts up with empty configuration.

·            Workaround: None.

16.     201810120112

·            Symptom: When the switch is frequently accessed through SNMP, resources of the switch are exhausted and SNMP access fails.

·            Condition: This symptom might occur if the switch is frequently accessed through SNMP.

17.     201810130049

·            Symptom: The DHCP server stores DHCP client startup files, and the switch acts as a DHCP client. When the switch starts up with empty configuration and then connects to the DHCP server, an error message is output.

·            Condition: This symptom might occur if the following conditions exist:

¡  The DHCP server stores DHCP client startup files.

¡  The switch acts as a DHCP client, and it starts up with empty configuration.

18.     201808230761

·            Symptom: In the display environment command output, the temperature information for the last sensor is incorrect.

·            Condition: This symptom occurs if the display environment command is used to display information about all temperature sensors on the device.

19.     201807310196

·            Symptom: The device reboots unexpectedly.

·            Condition: This symptom occurs if the following operations are performed:

¡  The VLAN interface for the super VLAN is bound to a VPN instance.

¡  The super VLAN is deleted after a new sub VLAN is associated with the super VLAN.

20.     201807310180

·            Symptom: Port isolation does not take effect.

·            Condition: This symptom occurs if the following conditions exist:

¡  Two interfaces in the same VLAN are assigned to the same port isolation group.

¡  One of the two interface receives MLD packets.

¡  MLD snooping is enabled for another VLAN.

21.     201807310170

·            Symptom: If you configure the speed auto or undo speed command on a 10-GE fiber port configured with the speed 1000 command, the system prompts that the operation failed.

·            Condition: This symptom occurs if you configure the speed auto or undo speed command on a 10-GE fiber port configured with the speed 1000 command.

22.     201807310159

·            Symptom: In a Device 1-Gateway-Device 2 network, when multicast NA packets arrive at Device 2, Device 2 forwards the packets back to the gateway. As a result, the ND entries on the gateway move, and Device 1 cannot ping the gateway intermittently.

·            Condition: This symptom occurs if Device 1 sends multicast NA packets in a Device 1-Gateway-Device 2 network.

23.     201807190265

·            Symptom: After the device runs for a period of time, outgoing traffic of an interface on the device cannot be forwarded.

·            Condition: This symptom occurs if the following conditions exist:

¡  A GE interface on the device is configured to autonegotiate the speed and duplex mode.

¡  A peer interface is manually configured with the speed of 100 Mbps and the full duplex mode.

¡  The two interfaces are directly connected.

24.     201808010060

·            Symptom: PBR configured on a VLAN interface does not take effect on Layer 3 traffic with the destination MAC address as the virtual MAC address of a VRRP group's virtual IP address, and cannot forward such traffic according to the specified next hop.

·            Condition: This symptom occurs if PBR is configured on a VLAN interface configured with a VRRP group.

25.     201808010055

·            Symptom: After a PBR policy is configured on a Layer 3 interface, the interface cannot ping the gateway.

·            Condition: This symptom occurs if the Layer 3 interface is configured with an IP address that matches a criterion with an empty forwarding action in the PBR policy.

26.     201807310211

·            Symptom: On the DHCP-enabled switch, MAC authentication is enabled on a port. When a user that has already obtained an IP address passes MAC authentication, the switch assigns the user an authorization VLAN but does not assign the user a new IP address.

·            Condition: This symptom occurs if a user that has already obtained an IP address passes MAC authentication.

27.     201807310199

·            Symptom: Some portal-free endpoints cannot ping the external network.

·            Condition: This symptom occurs if the portal free-rule command is used to configure an IP-based portal-free rule that specifies IP addresses with non-all-Fs masks as portal-free.

Resolved problems in R6126P36

1.       201807110366

·            Symptom: The CLI is stuck when commands are executed.

·            Condition: This symptom occurs when a DHCP snooping trusted port receives DHCP BOOTP attack packets on an IRF fabric.

Resolved problems in R6126P35

1.       201806050721

·            Symptom: An endpoint cannot ping the gateway.

·            Condition: This symptom occurs if the following conditions exist:

¡  The endpoint is connected to the gateway through the device.

¡  The interface connecting the device to the endpoint has the ARP gateway protection feature enabled, but the corresponding VLAN interface is not configured.

2.       201805310529

·            Symptom: When the device acts as a DHCP server and has the EAD assistant feature enabled, PCs attached to the device cannot obtain IP addresses that the DHCP server allocates.

·            Condition: This symptom occurs if the following operations are performed:

a.    Configure 802.1X on the device, and execute the dot1x ead-assistant enable command in system view to enable the EAD assistant feature.

b.   Configure DHCP Server on the device.

3.       201805290123

·            Symptom: Failed to obtain the value of the dot1qTpFdbPort node for VLAN 0.

·            Condition: This symptom occurs when you walk on nodes.

4.       201806130403/201805170528

·            Symptom: The downlink physical interface does not learn MAC address entries. The up/down events of physical interfaces in the uplink aggregate interface are not reported.

·            Condition: This symptom occurs if the following conditions exist:

¡  The MAC address learning limit is configured on the downlink physical interface.

¡  MAC addresses frequently move between the uplink aggregate interface and the downlink physical interface.

¡  The aggregate interface is repeatedly shut down and brought up.

5.       201806130246

·            Symptom: The device drops Layer 2 multicast data packets with TTL as 1.

·            Condition: This symptom occurs if the igmp-snooping drop-unknown command is configured for a VLAN.

Resolved problems in R6126P13

First release.

Related documentation

Documentation set

·            H3C S5560S-SI&S5130S-SI[LI]&S5120V2-SI[LI]&S5110V2-SI&S5000V3-EI&S3100V3-SI Installation Guide

·             H3C S5130S-SI[LI]&S5120V2-SI[LI]&S5110V2-SI&S5000V3-EI&S3100V3-SI Configuration Guides-R612x

·            H3C S5130S-SI[LI]&S5120V2-SI[LI]&S5110V2-SI&S5000V3-EI&S3100V3-SI Command References-R612x

Obtaining Documentation

To obtain the related documents from the H3C website at www.h3c.com.hk:

1.       Click http://www.h3c.com.hk/Technical_Documents.

2.       Choose the desired product category and model.

Technical support

service@h3c.com

http://www.h3c.com.hk


 

Appendix A Feature list

Hardware features

Table 4 Technical specifications for non-PoE switch models

Item

S5130S-28S-LI

S5130S-52S-LI

Dimensions (H × W × D)

43.6 × 440 × 160 mm (1.72 × 17.32 × 6.30 in)

43.6 × 440 × 230 mm (1.72 × 17.32 × 9.06 in)

Weight

2.5 kg (5.51 lb)

3.5 kg (7.72 lb)

Console port

·          1 × micro USB console port

·          1 × serial console port

Only the micro USB console port is available when you connect both ports.

·          1 × micro USB console port

·          1 × serial console port

Only the micro USB console port is available when you connect both ports.

10/100/1000BASE-T autosensing Ethernet port

24

48

SFP+ port

4

4

Input voltage

·          Rated voltage: 100 VAC to 240 VAC @ 50 or 60 Hz

·          Max voltage: 90 VAC to 264 VAC @ 47 to 63 Hz

Minimum power consumption

10 W

19 W

Maximum power consumption

24 W

44 W

Chassis leakage current compliance

UL60950-1/EN60950-1/IEC60950-1/GB4943

Melting current of power module fuse

2 A/250 V

3.15 A/250 V

Cooling system

Using fixed fan trays to intake cool air from the chassis left and right sides and the port side and exhaust hot air from the power module side

Using fixed fan trays to intake cool air from the left side and exhaust hot air from the right side and power module side

Operating temperature

0°C to 45°C (32°F to 113°F)

Operating humidity

5% RH to 95% RH, noncondensing

Fire resistance compliance

UL60950-1/EN60950-1/IEC60950-1/GB4943

Software features

Table 5 Software features of the S5130S-LI series

Feature

S5130S-28S-LI

S5130S-52S-LI

Full duplex Wire speed L2 switching capacity

128 Gbps

176 Gbps

Whole system Wire speed L2 switching Packet forwarding rate

95.232Mpps

130.952Mpps

IRF

·          Ring topology

·          Daisy chain topology

·          LACP MAD

·          ARP MAD

Link aggregation

·          Aggregation of 1-GE ports

·          Aggregation of 10-GE ports

·          Static link aggregation

·          Dynamic link aggregation

·          Inter-device aggregation

·          A maximum of 14 aggregation groups on a device

·          A maximum of 124 inter-device aggregation groups

·          A maximum of 8 ports for each aggregation group

Flow control

·          IEEE 802.3x flow control

Jumbo Frame

·          Supports maximum frame size of10000

MAC address table

·          16K MAC addresses

·          1K static MAC addresses

·          Blackhole MAC addresses

·          MAC address learning limit on a port

VLAN

·          Port-based VLANs (4094 VLANs)

·          QinQ

ARP

·          1K entries

·          512 static entries

·          Gratuitous ARP

·          ARP black hole

·          ARP detection (based on DHCP snooping entries/802.1X security entries/static IP-to-MAC bindings)

·          ARP source suppression

ND

·          240 entries

·          128  static entries

VLAN virtual interface

·          32

DHCP

·          DHCP client

·          DHCP snooping

·          DHCP relay

·          DHCP server

·          DHCPv6 Server

·          DHCPv6 relay

·          DHCPv6 snooping

UDP Helper

·          UDP Helper

DNS

·          Static DNS

·          Dynamic DNS

·          IPv4 and IPv6 DNS

unicast route

·          IPv4 and IPv6 static routes

·          RIP/RIPng

·          OSPF/OSPFv3

·          Routing policies

·          Policy-based routing

·          IPv6 policy-based routing

Multicast

·          IGMP snooping

·          PIM Snooping

·          MLD snooping

·          IPv4 and IPv6 multicast VLAN

·          IPv6 PIM Snooping

Broadcast/multicast/unicast storm control

·          Storm control based on port rate percentage

·          PPS-based storm control

·          Bps-based storm control

MSTP

·          STP/RSTP/MSTP protocol

·          STP Root Guard

·          BPDU Guard

·          128 PVST instances

QoS/ACL

·          Remarking of 802.1p and DSCP priorities

·          Packet filtering at L2 (Layer 2) through L4 (Layer 4)

·          Eight output queues for each port

·          SP/WRR/SP+WRR queue scheduling algorithms

·          Port-based rate limiting

·          Flow-based redirection

·          Time range

Mirroring

·          Stream mirroring

·          Port mirroring

Security

·          Hierarchical management and password protection of users

·          AAA authentication

·          RADIUS authentication

·          HWTACACS

·          LDAP

·          SSH 2.0

·          Port isolation

·          802.1X

·          Portal

·          Port security

·          MAC-address-based authentication

·          IP Source Guard

·          HTTPS

·          PKI

·          IPsec

·          EAD

·          Public key management

802.1X

·          Up to 2K users

·          Port-based and MAC address-based authentication

·          Trunk port authentication

·          Dynamic 802.1X-based QoS/ACL/VLAN assignment

Loading and upgrading

·          Loading and upgrading through XModem protocol

·          Loading and upgrading through FTP

·          Loading and upgrading through the trivial file transfer protocol (TFTP)

Management

·          Configuration at the command line interface

·          Remote configuration through Telnet

·          Configuration through Console port

·          Simple network management protocol (SNMP)

·          Remote Monitoring(RMON)

·          IMC NMS

·          System log

·          Hierarchical alarms

·          NTP

·          Power supply alarm function

·          Fan and temperature alarms

Maintenance

·          Debugging information output

·          Ping and Tracert

·          Remote maintenance through Telnet

·          NQA

·          802.1ag

·          802.3ah

·          DLDP

·          Virtual Cable Test

 


 

Appendix B Upgrading software

This chapter describes types of software used on the switch and how to upgrade software while the switch is operating normally or when the switch cannot correctly start up.

System software file types

Software required for starting up the switch includes:

·            Boot ROM image—A .bin file that comprises a basic section and an extended section. The basic section is the minimum code that bootstraps the system. The extended section enables hardware initialization and provides system management menus. You can use these menus to load software and the startup configuration file or manage files when the switch cannot correctly start up.

·            Software images—Includes boot images and system images.

¡  Boot image—A .bin file that contains the operating system kernel. It provides process management, memory management, file system management, and the emergency shell.

¡  System image—A .bin file that contains the minimum modules required for device operation and some basic features, including device management, interface management, configuration management, and routing management.

The software images that have been loaded are called “current software images.” The software images specified to load at next startup are called “startup software images.”

These images might be released separately or as a whole in one .ipe package file. If an .ipe file is used, the system automatically decompresses the file, loads the .bin boot and system images in the file and sets them as startup software images. Typically, the Boot ROM and software images for this switch series are released in an .ipe file named main.ipe.

 

 

NOTE:

Boot ROM images are not released along with the boot images and system images. To get a version of Boot ROM image, contact the H3C technical support.

 

System startup process

Upon power-on, the Boot ROM image runs to initialize hardware and then the software images run to start up the entire system, as shown in Figure 1.

Figure 1 System startup process

 

Upgrade methods

You can upgrade system software by using one of the following methods:

 

Upgrading method

Software types

Remarks

Upgrading from the CLI

·          Boot ROM image

·          Software images

·          You must reboot the switch to complete the upgrade.

·          This method can interrupt ongoing network services.

Upgrading from the Boot menu

·          Boot ROM image

·          Software images

Use this method when the switch cannot correctly start up.

CAUTION CAUTION:

Upgrading an IRF fabric from the CLI instead of the Boot menu.

The Boot menu method increases the service downtime, because it requires that you upgrade the member switches one by one.

 

The output in this document is for illustration only and might vary with software releases. This document uses boot.bin and system.bin to represent boot and system image names. The actual software image name format is chassis-model_Comware-version_image-type_release, for example, S5130S_LI-CMW710-BOOT-R6126P39.bin and S5130S_LI-CMW710-SYSM-R6126P39.bin.

Upgrading from the CLI

This section uses a two-member IRF fabric as an example to describe how to upgrade software from the CLI. If you have more than two subordinate switches, repeat the steps for the subordinate switch to upgrade their software. If you are upgrading a standalone switch, ignore the steps for upgrading the subordinate switch. For more information about setting up and configuring an IRF fabric, see the installation guide and IRF configuration guide for the H3C S5130S-LI switch series.

Preparing for the upgrade

Before you upgrade software, complete the following tasks:

1.       Log in to the IRF fabric through Telnet or the console port. (Details not shown.)

2.       Identify the number of IRF members, each member switch's role, and IRF member ID.

<Sysname> display irf

MemberID   Role   Priority  CPU-Mac         Description

 *+1      Master  5         0023-8927-afdc  ---

   2      Standby 1         0023-8927-af43  ---

--------------------------------------------------

 * indicates the device is the master.

 + indicates the device through which the user logs in.

 

 The Bridge MAC of the IRF is: 0023-8927-afdb

 Auto upgrade                : no

 Mac persistent              : 6 min

 Domain ID                   : 0 

3.       Verify that each IRF member switch has sufficient storage space for the upgrade images.

 

IMPORTANT

IMPORTANT:

Each IRF member switch must have free storage space that is at least two times the size of the upgrade image file.

 

# Identify the free flash space of the master switch.

<Sysname> dir

Directory of flash:

     0      -rw-       41424  Aug 23 2013 02:23:44     startup.mdb

     1      -rw-        3792  Aug 23 2013 02:23:44     startup.cfg

     2      -rw-    53555200  Aug 23 2013 09:53:48     system.bin

     3      drw-           -  Aug 23 2013 00:00:07     seclog

     4      drw-           -  Aug 23 2013 00:00:07     diagfile

     5      drw-           -  Aug 23 2013 00:00:07     logfile

     6      -rw-     9959424  Aug 23 2013 09:53:48     boot.bin

     7      -rw-     9012224  Aug 23 2013 09:53:48     backup.bin

 

524288 KB total (453416 KB free) 

# Identify the free flash space of each subordinate switch, for example, switch 2.

<Sysname> dir slot2#flash:/

Directory of slot2#flash:/

     0      -rw-       41424  Jan 01 2011 02:23:44     startup.mdb

     1      -rw-        3792  Jan 01 2011 02:23:44     startup.cfg

     2      -rw-    93871104  Aug 23 2013 16:00:08     system.bin

     3      drw-           -  Jan 01 2011 00:00:07     seclog

     4      drw-           -  Jan 01 2011 00:00:07     diagfile

     5      drw-           -  Jan 02 2011 00:00:07     logfile

     6      -rw-     13611008  Aug 23 2013 15:59:00     boot.bin

     7      -rw-     9012224  Nov 25 2011 09:53:48     backup.bin

 

524288 KB total (453416 KB free)

4.       Compare the free flash space of each member switch with the size of the software file to load. If the space is sufficient, start the upgrade process. If not, go to the next step.

5.       Delete unused files in the flash memory to free space:

 

CAUTION

CAUTION:

·       To avoid data loss, do not delete the current configuration file. For information about the current configuration file, use the display startup command.

·       The delete /unreserved file-url command deletes a file permanently and the action cannot be undone.

·       The delete file-url command moves a file to the recycle bin and the file still occupies storage space. To free the storage space, first execute the undelete command to restore the file, and then execute the delete /unreserved file-url command.

 

# Delete unused files from the flash memory of the master switch.

<Sysname> delete /unreserved flash:/backup.bin

The file cannot be restored. Delete flash:/backup.bin?[Y/N]:y

Deleting the file permanently will take a long time. Please wait...

Deleting file flash:/backup.bin...Done.

# Delete unused files from the flash memory of the subordinate switch.

<Sysname> delete /unreserved slot2#flash:/backup.bin

The file cannot be restored. Delete slot2#flash:/backup.bin?[Y/N]:y

Deleting the file permanently will take a long time. Please wait...

Deleting file slot2#flash:/backup.bin...Done.

Downloading software images to the master switch

Before you start upgrading software images packages, make sure you have downloaded the upgrading software files to the root directory in flash memory. This section describes downloading an .ipe software file as an example.

The following are ways to download, upload, or copy files to the master switch:

·            FTP download from a server

·            FTP upload from a client

·            TFTP download from a server

Prerequisites

If FTP or TFTP is used, the IRF fabric and the PC working as the FTP/TFTP server or FTP client can reach each other.

Prepare the FTP server or TFTP server program yourself for the PC. The switch series does not come with these software programs.

FTP download from a server

You can use the switch as an FTP client to download files from an FTP server.

To download a file from an FTP server, for example, the server at 10.10.110.1:

1.       Run an FTP server program on the server, configure an FTP username and password, specify the working directory and copy the file, for example, newest.ipe, to the directory.

2.       Execute the ftp command in user view on the IRF fabric to access the FTP server.

<Sysname> ftp 10.10.110.1

Trying 10.10.110.1...

Press CTRL+C to abort

Connected to 10.10.110.1(10.10.110.1).

220 FTP service ready.

User (10.10.110.1:(none)):username                      

331 Password required for username.

Password:                                               

230 User logged in.

3.       Enable the binary transfer mode.

ftp> binary

  200 Type set to I.

4.       Execute the get command in FTP client view to download the file from the FTP server.

ftp> get newest.ipe

  227 Entering Passive Mode (10,10,110,1,17,97).

  125 BINARY mode data connection already open, transfer starting for /newest.ipe

  226 Transfer complete.

  32133120 bytes received in 35 seconds (896. 0 kbyte/s)

ftp> bye

221 Server closing.

FTP upload from a client

You can use the IRF fabric as an FTP server and upload files from a client to the IRF fabric.

To FTP upload a file from a client:

On the IRF fabric:

1.       Enable FTP server.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] ftp server enable

2.       Configure a local FTP user account:

# Create the user account.

[Sysname] local-user abc

# Set its password and specify the FTP service.

[Sysname-luser-manage-abc] password simple pwd

[Sysname-luser-manage-abc] service-type ftp

# Assign the network-admin user role to the user account for uploading file to the working directory of the server.

[Sysname-luser-manage-abc] authorization-attribute user-role network-admin

[Sysname-luser-manage-abc] quit

[Sysname] quit

On the PC:

1.       Log in to the IRF fabric (the FTP server) in FTP mode.

c:\> ftp 1.1.1.1

Connected to 1.1.1.1.

220 FTP service ready.

User(1.1.1.1:(none)):abc                              

331 Password required for abc.

Password:                                              

230 User logged in.

2.       Enable the binary file transfer mode.

ftp> binary

200 TYPE is now 8-bit binary.

3.       Upload the file (for example, newest.ipe) to the root directory of the flash memory on the master switch.

ftp> put newest.ipe

200 PORT command successful

150 Connecting to port 10002

226 File successfully transferred

ftp: 32133120 bytes sent in 64.58 secs (497.60 Kbytes/sec).

TFTP download from a server

To download a file from a TFTP server, for example, the server at 10.10.110.1:

1.       Run a TFTP server program on the server, specify the working directory, and copy the file, for example, newest.ipe, to the directory.

2.       On the IRF fabric, execute the tftp command in user view to download the file to the root directory of the flash memory on the master switch.

<Sysname> tftp 10.10.110.1 get newest.ipe

Press CTRL+C to abort.

  % Total    % Received % Xferd  Average Speed   Time    Time     Time  Current

                                 Dload  Upload   Total   Spent    Left  Speed

100 30.6M    0 30.6M    0     0   143k      0 --:--:--  0:03:38 --:--:--  142k

Upgrading the software images

To upgrade the software images:

1.       Specify the upgrade image file (newest.ipe in this example) used at the next startup for the master switch, and assign the M attribute to the boot and system images in the file.

<Sysname> boot-loader file flash:/newest.ipe slot 1 main

Verifying image file..........Done.                                            

Images in IPE:                                                                  

  boot.bin                                            

  system.bin                                          

This command will set the main startup software images. Continue? [Y/N]:y      

Add images to target slot.                                                      

Decompressing file boot.bin to flash:/boot.bin....................Done.        

Decompressing file system.bin to flash:/system.bin................Done.        

The images that have passed all examinations will be used as the main startup so

ftware images at the next reboot on slot 1.

2.       Specify the upgrade image file as the main startup image file for each subordinate switch. This example uses IRF member 2. (The subordinate switches will automatically copy the file to the root directory of their flash memories.)

<Sysname> boot-loader file flash:/newest.ipe slot 2 main

Verifying image file..........Done.                                            

Images in IPE:                                                                 

  boot.bin                                            

  system.bin                                          

This command will set the main startup software images. Continue? [Y/N]:y      

Add images to target slot.                                                      

Decompressing file boot.bin to flash:/boot.bin....................Done.        

Decompressing file system.bin to flash:/system.bin................Done.        

The images that have passed all examinations will be used as the main startup so

ftware images at the next reboot on slot 2.

3.       Enable the software auto-update function.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] irf auto-update enable

[Sysname] quit

This function checks the software versions of member switches for inconsistency with the master switch. If a subordinate switch is using a different software version than the master, the function propagates the current software images of the master to the subordinate as main startup images. The function prevents software version inconsistency from causing the IRF setup failure.

4.       Save the current configuration in any view to prevent data loss.

<Sysname> save

The current configuration will be written to the device. Are you sure? [Y/N]:y

Please input the file name(*.cfg)[flash:/startup.cfg]

(To leave the existing filename unchanged, press the enter key):

flash:/startup.cfg exists, overwrite? [Y/N]:y

Validating file. Please wait.................

Saved the current configuration to mainboard device successfully.

Slot 2:

Save next configuration file successfully.

5.       Reboot the IRF fabric to complete the upgrade.

<Sysname> reboot

Start to check configuration with next startup configuration file, please wait.

........DONE!

This command will reboot the device. Continue? [Y/N]:y

 Now rebooting, please wait...

The system automatically loads the .bin boot and system images in the .ipe file and sets them as the startup software images.

6.       Execute the display version command in any view to verify that the current main software images have been updated (details not shown).

 

 

NOTE:

The system automatically checks the compatibility of the Boot ROM image and the boot and system images during the reboot. If you are prompted that the Boot ROM image in the upgrade image file is different than the current Boot ROM image, upgrade both the basic and extended sections of the Boot ROM image for compatibility. If you choose to not upgrade the Boot ROM image, the system will ask for an upgrade at the next reboot performed by powering on the switch or rebooting from the CLI (promptly or as scheduled). If you fail to make any choice in the required time, the system upgrades the entire Boot ROM image.

 

Upgrading from the Boot menu

In this approach, you must access the Boot menu of each member switch to upgrade their software one by one. If you are upgrading software images for an IRF fabric, using the CLI is a better choice.

 

TIP

TIP:

Upgrading through the Ethernet port is faster than through the console port.

 

Prerequisites

Make sure the prerequisites are met before you start upgrading software from the Boot menu.

Setting up the upgrade environment

1.       Use a console cable to connect the console terminal (for example, a PC) to the console port on the switch.

2.       Connect the Ethernet port on the switch to the file server.

 

 

NOTE:

The file server and the configuration terminal can be co-located.

 

3.       Run a terminal emulator program on the console terminal and set the following terminal settings:

¡  Bits per second—9,600

¡  Data bits—8

¡  Parity—None

¡  Stop bits—1

¡  Flow control—None

¡  Emulation—VT100

Preparing for the TFTP or FTP transfer

To use TFTP or FTP:

·            Run a TFTP or FTP server program on the file server or the console terminal.

·            Copy the upgrade file to the file server.

·            Correctly set the working directory on the TFTP or FTP server.

·            Make sure the file server and the switch can reach each other.

Verifying that sufficient storage space is available

IMPORTANT

IMPORTANT:

For the switch to start up correctly, do not delete the main startup software images when you free storage space before upgrading Boot ROM. On the Boot menu, the main startup software images are marked with an asterisk (*).

 

When you upgrade software, make sure each member switch has sufficient free storage space for the upgrade file, as shown in Table 6.

Table 6 Minimum free storage space requirements

Upgraded images

Minimum free storage space requirements

Comware images

Two times the size of the Comware upgrade package file.

Boot ROM

Same size as the Boot ROM upgrade image file.

 

If no sufficient space is available, delete unused files as described in “Managing files from the Boot menu.”

Scheduling the upgrade time

During the upgrade, the switch cannot provide any services. You must make sure the upgrade has a minimal impact on the network services.

Accessing the Boot menu

Starting......                                                                                                                     

Press Ctrl+D to access BASIC BOOT MENU                                                                                             

Booting Normal Extend BootWare....                                                                                                  

                                                                                                                                   

********************************************************************************                                                    

*                                                                              *                                                   

*               H3C S5130S-28S-LI  Switch BOOTROM, Version 126                 *                                                   

*                                                                              *                                                   

********************************************************************************                                                   

Copyright (c) 2004-2019 New H3C Technologies Co., Ltd.                                                                         

                                                                                                                                    

Creation Date       : Feb 10 2017, 17:21:39                                                                                        

CPU Clock Speed     : 800MHz                                                                                                        

Memory Size         : 512MB                                                                                                        

Flash Size          : 256MB                                                                                                        

CPLD Version        : 001                                                                                                          

PCB Version         : Ver.A                                                                                                        

Mac Address         : aa1122334455                                                                                

Press Ctrl+B to access EXTENDED BOOT MENU...1

Press one of the shortcut key combinations at prompt.

Table 7 Shortcut keys

Shortcut keys

Prompt message

Function

Remarks

Ctrl+B

Press Ctrl+B to enter Extended Boot menu...

Accesses the extended Boot menu.

Press the keys within 1 second (in fast startup mode) or 5 seconds (in full startup mode) after the message appears.

You can upgrade and manage system software and Boot ROM from this menu.

 

 

Accessing the extended Boot menu

Press Ctrl+B within 1 second (in fast startup mode) or 5 seconds (in full startup mode) after the "Press Ctrl-B to enter Extended Boot menu..." prompt message appears. If you fail to do this, the system starts decompressing the system software.

Alternatively, you can enter 4 in the basic Boot menu to access the extended Boot menu.

The "Password recovery capability is enabled." or "Password recovery capability is disabled." message appears, followed by the extended Boot menu. Availability of some menu options depends on the state of password recovery capability (see Table 8). For more information about password recovery capability, see Fundamentals Configuration Guide in H3C S5130S-LI Switch Series Configuration Guides.

Password recovery capability is enabled.

 

   EXTENDED BOOT MENU

 

1. Download image to flash

2. Select image to boot

3. Display all files in flash

4. Delete file from flash

5. Restore to factory default configuration

6. Enter BootRom upgrade menu

7. Skip current system configuration

8. Set switch startup mode

0. Reboot

Ctrl+Z: Access EXTENDED ASSISTANT MENU

Ctrl+F: Format file system

Ctrl+P: Change authentication for console login

Ctrl+R: Download image to SDRAM and run

Ctrl+Y: Change Work Mode

Ctrl+C: Display Copyright

 

Enter your choice(0-8):

 

Table 8 Extended Boot ROM menu options

Option

Tasks

1. Download image to flash

Download a software image file to the flash.

2. Select image to boot

·          Specify the main and backup software image file for the next startup.

·          Specify the main and backup configuration files for the next startup. This task can be performed only if password recovery capability is enabled.

3. Display all files in flash

Display files on the flash.

4. Delete file from flash

Delete files to free storage space.

5. Restore to factory default configuration

Delete the current next-startup configuration files and restore the factory-default configuration.

This option is available only if password recovery capability is disabled.

6. Enter BootRom upgrade menu

Access the Boot ROM upgrade menu.

7. Skip current system configuration

Start the switch without loading any configuration file.

This is a one-time operation and takes effect only for the first system boot or reboot after you choose this option.

This option is available only if password recovery capability is enabled.

8. Set switch startup mode

Set the startup mode to fast startup mode or full startup mode.

0. Reboot

Reboot the switch.

Ctrl+F: Format file system

Format the current storage medium.

Ctrl+P: Change authentication for console login

Skip the authentication for console login.

This is a one-time operation and takes effect only for the first system boot or reboot after you choose this option.

This option is available only if password recovery capability is enabled.

Ctrl+R: Download image to SDRAM and run

Download a system software image and start the switch with the image.

This option is available only if password recovery capability is enabled.

Ctrl+Z: Access EXTENDED ASSISTANT MENU

Access the EXTENDED ASSISTANT MENU.

For options in the menu, see Table 9.

Ctrl+Y: Change Work Mode

Change Work Mode.

Ctrl+C: Display Copyright

Display the copyright statement.

 

Table 9 EXTENDED ASSISTANT menu options

Option

Task

1. Display Memory

Display data in the memory.

2. Search Memory

Search the memory for a specific data segment.

0. Return to boot menu

Return to the extended Boot ROM menu.

 

Upgrading Comware images from the Boot menu

You can use the following methods to upgrade Comware images:

·            Using TFTP to upgrade software images through the Ethernet port

·            Using FTP to upgrade software images through the Ethernet port

·            Using XMODEM to upgrade software through the console port

Using TFTP to upgrade software images through the Ethernet port

1.       Enter 1 in the Boot menu to access the file transfer protocol submenu.

1. Set TFTP protocol parameters

2. Set FTP protocol parameters

3. Set XMODEM protocol parameters

0. Return to boot menu

 

Enter your choice(0-3):

2.       Enter 1 to set the TFTP parameters.

Load File Name      :update.ipe

Server IP Address   :192.168.0.3

Local IP Address    :192.168.0.2

Subnet Mask         :255.255.255.0

Gateway IP Address  :0.0.0.0

Table 10 TFTP parameter description

Item

Description

Load File Name

Name of the file to download (for example, update.ipe).

Server IP Address

IP address of the TFTP server (for example, 192.168.0.3).

Local IP Address

IP address of the switch (for example, 192.168.0.2).

Subnet Mask

Subnet mask of the switch (for example, 255.255.255.0).

Gateway IP Address

IP address of the gateway (in this example, no gateway is required because the server and the switch are on the same subnet).

 

 

NOTE:

·       To use the default setting for a field, press Enter without entering any value.

·       If the switch and the server are on different subnets, you must specify a gateway address for the switch.

 

3.       Enter all required parameters, and enter Y to confirm the settings. The following prompt appears:

Are you sure to download file to flash? Yes or No (Y/N):Y

4.       Enter Y to start downloading the image file. To return to the Boot menu without downloading the upgrade file, enter N.

Loading.........................................................................

................................................................................

................................................................................

................................................................Done!

5.       Enter the M (main), B (backup), or N (none) attribute for the images. In this example, assign the main attribute to the images.

Please input the file attribute (Main/Backup/None) M

Image file boot.bin is self-decompressing...

Free space: 534980608 bytes

Writing flash...................................................................

................................................................................

...................................................................Done!

Image file system.bin is self-decompressing...

Free space: 525981696 bytes

Writing flash...................................................................

................................................................................

................................................................................

................................................................................

................................................................................

................................................................................

.......................................................................Done!

 

 

NOTE:

·       The switch always attempts to boot with the main images first. If the attempt fails, for example, because the main images are not available, the switch tries to boot with the backup images. An image with the none attribute is only stored in flash memory for backup. To use it at reboot, you must change its attribute to main or backup.

·       If an image with the same attribute as the image you are loading is already in the flash memory, the attribute of the old image changes to none after the new image becomes valid.

 

6.       Enter 0 in the Boot menu to reboot the switch with the new software images.

   EXTENDED BOOT MENU

 

1. Download image to flash

2. Select image to boot

3. Display all files in flash

4. Delete file from flash

5. Restore to factory default configuration

6. Enter BootRom upgrade menu

7. Skip current system configuration

8. Set switch startup mode

0. Reboot

Ctrl+Z: Access EXTENDED ASSISTANT MENU

Ctrl+F: Format file system

Ctrl+P: Change authentication for console login

Ctrl+R: Download image to SDRAM and run

Ctrl+Y: Change Work Mode

Ctrl+C: Display Copyright

 

Enter your choice(0-8): 0

Using FTP to upgrade software images through the Ethernet port

1.       Enter 1 in the Boot menu to access the file transfer protocol submenu.

1. Set TFTP protocol parameters

2. Set FTP protocol parameters

3. Set XMODEM protocol parameters

0. Return to boot menu

 

Enter your choice(0-3):

2.       Enter 2 to set the FTP parameters.

Load File Name      :update.ipe

Server IP Address   :192.168.0.3

Local IP Address    :192.168.0.2

Subnet Mask         :255.255.255.0

Gateway IP Address  :0.0.0.0

FTP User Name       :switch

FTP User Password   :***

Table 11 FTP parameter description

Item

Description

Load File Name

Name of the file to download (for example, update.ipe).

Server IP Address

IP address of the FTP server (for example, 192.168.0.3).

Local IP Address

IP address of the switch (for example, 192.168.0.2).

Subnet Mask

Subnet mask of the switch (for example, 255.255.255.0).

Gateway IP Address

IP address of the gateway (in this example, no gateway is required because the server and the switch are on the same subnet).

FTP User Name

Username for accessing the FTP server, which must be the same as configured on the FTP server.

FTP User Password

Password for accessing the FTP server, which must be the same as configured on the FTP server.

 

 

NOTE:

·       To use the default setting for a field, press Enter without entering any value.

·       If the switch and the server are on different subnets, you must specify a gateway address for the switch.

 

3.       Enter all required parameters, and enter Y to confirm the settings. The following prompt appears:

Are you sure to download file to flash? Yes or No (Y/N):Y

4.       Enter Y to start downloading the image file. To return to the Boot menu without downloading the upgrade file, enter N.

Loading.........................................................................

................................................................................

................................................................................

................................................................Done!

5.       Enter the M (main), B (backup), or N (none) attribute for the images. In this example, assign the main attribute to the images.

Please input the file attribute (Main/Backup/None) M

Image file boot.bin is self-decompressing...

Free space: 534980608 bytes

Writing flash...................................................................

................................................................................

...................................................................Done!

Image file system.bin is self-decompressing...

Free space: 525981696 bytes

Writing flash...................................................................

................................................................................

................................................................................

................................................................................

................................................................................

................................................................................

.......................................................................Done!

 

   EXTENDED BOOT MENU

 

1. Download image to flash

2. Select image to boot

3. Display all files in flash

4. Delete file from flash

5. Restore to factory default configuration

6. Enter BootRom upgrade menu

7. Skip current system configuration

8. Set switch startup mode

0. Reboot

Ctrl+Z: Access EXTENDED ASSISTANT MENU

Ctrl+F: Format file system

Ctrl+P: Change authentication for console login

Ctrl+R: Download image to SDRAM and run

Ctrl+Y: Change Work Mode

Ctrl+C: Display Copyright

 

Enter your choice(0-8):0

 

 

NOTE:

·       The switch always attempts to boot with the main images first. If the attempt fails, for example, because the main images not available, the switch tries to boot with the backup images. An image with the none attribute is only stored in flash memory for backup. To use it at reboot, you must change its attribute to main or backup.

·       If an image with the same attribute as the image you are loading is already in the flash memory, the attribute of the old image changes to none after the new image becomes valid.

 

6.       Enter 0 in the Boot menu to reboot the switch with the new software images.

Using XMODEM to upgrade software through the console port

XMODEM download through the console port is slower than TFTP or FTP download through the Ethernet port. To save time, use the Ethernet port as long as possible.

1.       Enter 1 in the Boot menu to access the file transfer protocol submenu.

1. Set TFTP protocol parameters

2. Set FTP protocol parameters

3. Set XMODEM protocol parameters

0. Return to boot menu

 

Enter your choice(0-3):

2.       Enter 3 to set the XMODEM download baud rate.

Please select your download baudrate:

1.* 9600

2.  19200

3.  38400

4.  57600

5.  115200

0.  Return to boot menu

 

Enter your choice(0-5):5

3.       Select an appropriate download rate, for example, enter 5 to select 115200 bps.

Download baudrate is 115200 bps                              

Please change the terminal's baudrate to 115200 bps and select XMODEM protocol

Press enter key when ready

4.       Set the serial port on the terminal to use the same baud rate and protocol as the console port. If you select 9600 bps as the download rate for the console port, skip this task.

a.    Select Call > Disconnect in the HyperTerminal window to disconnect the terminal from the switch.

Figure 2 Disconnecting the terminal from the switch

 

b.   Select File > Properties, and in the Properties dialog box, click Configure.

Figure 3 Properties dialog box

 

c.    Select 115200 from the Bits per second list and click OK.

Figure 4 Modifying the baud rate

 

d.   Select Call > Call to reestablish the connection.

Figure 5 Reestablishing the connection

 

5.       Press Enter. The following prompt appears:

Are you sure to download file to flash? Yes or No (Y/N):Y

6.       Enter Y to start downloading the file. (To return to the Boot menu, enter N.)

Now please start transfer file with XMODEM protocol

If you want to exit, Press <Ctrl+X>

Loading ...CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC 

7.       Select Transfer > Send File in the HyperTerminal window.

Figure 6 Transfer menu

 

8.       In the dialog box that appears, click Browse to select the source file, and select Xmodem from the Protocol list.

Figure 7 File transmission dialog box

 

9.       Click Send. The following dialog box appears:

Figure 8 File transfer progress

 

10.    Enter the M (main), B (backup), or N (none) attribute for the images. In this example, assign the main attribute to the images.

Please input the file attribute (Main/Backup/None) m

The boot.bin image is self-decompressing...

# At the Load File name prompt, enter a name for the boot image to be saved to flash memory.

Load File name  : default_file boot-update.bin       (At the prompt,

Free space: 470519808 bytes

Writing flash...................................................................

.............Done!

The system-update.bin image is self-decompressing...

# At the Load File name prompt, enter a name for the system image to be saved to flash memory.

Load File name  : default_file system-update.bin     

Free space: 461522944 bytes

Writing flash...................................................................

.............Done!

Your baudrate should be set to 9600 bps again!

Press enter key when ready

 

 

NOTE:

·       The switch always attempts to boot with the main images first. If the attempt fails, for example, because the main images not available, the switch tries to boot with the backup images. An image with the none attribute is only stored in the flash memory for backup. To use it at reboot, you must change its attribute to main or backup.

·       If an image with the same attribute as the image you are loading is already in flash memory, the attribute of the old image changes to none after the new image becomes valid.

 

11.    If the baud rate of the HyperTerminal is not 9600 bps, restore it to 9600 bps as described in step 5.a. If the baud rate is 9600 bps, skip this step.

 

 

NOTE:

The console port rate reverts to 9600 bps at a reboot. If you have changed the baud rate, you must perform this step so you can access the switch through the console port after a reboot.

 

   EXTENDED BOOT MENU

 

1. Download image to flash

2. Select image to boot

3. Display all files in flash

4. Delete file from flash

5. Restore to factory default configuration

6. Enter BootRom upgrade menu

7. Skip current system configuration

8. Set switch startup mode

0. Reboot

Ctrl+Z: Access EXTENDED ASSISTANT MENU

Ctrl+F: Format file system

Ctrl+P: Change authentication for console login

Ctrl+R: Download image to SDRAM and run

Ctrl+Y: Change Work Mode

Ctrl+C: Display Copyright

 

Enter your choice(0-8): 0

12.    Enter 0 in the Boot menu to reboot the system with the new software images.

Upgrading Boot ROM from the Boot menu

You can use the following methods to upgrade the Boot ROM image:

·            Using TFTP to upgrade Boot ROM through the Ethernet port

·            Using FTP to upgrade Boot ROM through the Ethernet port

·            Using XMODEM to upgrade Boot ROM through the console port

Using TFTP to upgrade Boot ROM through the Ethernet port

1.       Enter 6 in the Boot menu to access the Boot ROM update menu.

1. Update full BootRom

2. Update extended BootRom

3. Update basic BootRom

0. Return to boot menu

 

Enter your choice(0-3):

2.       Enter 1 in the Boot ROM update menu to upgrade the full Boot ROM.

The file transfer protocol submenu appears:

1. Set TFTP protocol parameters

2. Set FTP protocol parameters

3. Set XMODEM protocol parameters

0. Return to boot menu

 

Enter your choice(0-3):

3.       Enter 1 to set the TFTP parameters.

Load File Name      :update.btm

Server IP Address   :192.168.0.3

Local IP Address    :192.168.0.2

Subnet Mask         :255.255.255.0

Gateway IP Address  :0.0.0.0

Table 12 TFTP parameter description

Item

Description

Load File Name

Name of the file to download (for example, update.btm).

Server IP Address

IP address of the TFTP server (for example, 192.168.0.3).

Local IP Address

IP address of the switch (for example, 192.168.0.2).

Subnet Mask

Subnet mask of the switch (for example, 255.255.255.0).

Gateway IP Address

IP address of the gateway (in this example, no gateway is required because the server and the switch are on the same subnet).

 

 

NOTE:

·       To use the default setting for a field, press Enter without entering any value.

·       If the switch and the server are on different subnets, you must specify a gateway address for the switch.

 

4.       Enter all required parameters and press Enter to start downloading the file.

Loading.................................................Done! 

5.       Enter Y at the prompt to upgrade the basic Boot ROM section.

Will you Update Basic BootRom? (Y/N):Y

Updating Basic BootRom...........Done.

6.       Enter Y at the prompt to upgrade the extended Boot ROM section.

Updating extended BootRom? (Y/N):Y

Updating extended BootRom.........Done.

7.       Enter 0 in the Boot ROM update menu to return to the Boot menu.

1. Update full BootRom

2. Update extended BootRom

3. Update basic BootRom

0. Return to boot menu

 

Enter your choice(0-3):

8.       Enter 0 in the Boot menu to reboot the switch with the new Boot ROM image.

Using FTP to upgrade Boot ROM through the Ethernet port

1.       Enter 6 in the Boot menu to access the Boot ROM update menu.

1. Update full BootRom

2. Update extended BootRom

3. Update basic BootRom

0. Return to boot menu

 

Enter your choice(0-3):

2.       Enter 1 in the Boot ROM update menu to upgrade the full Boot ROM.

The file transfer protocol submenu appears:

1. Set TFTP protocol parameters

2. Set FTP protocol parameters

3. Set XMODEM protocol parameters

0. Return to boot menu

 

Enter your choice(0-3):

3.       Enter 2 to set the FTP parameters.

Load File Name     :update.btm

Server IP Address  :192.168.0.3

Local IP Address   :192.168.0.2

Subnet Mask        :255.255.255.0

Gateway IP Address :0.0.0.0

FTP User Name      :switch

FTP User Password  :123

Table 13 FTP parameter description

Item

Description

Load File Name

Name of the file to download (for example, update.btm).

Server IP Address

IP address of the FTP server (for example, 192.168.0.3).

Local IP Address

IP address of the switch (for example, 192.168.0.2).

Subnet Mask

Subnet mask of the switch (for example, 255.255.255.0).

Gateway IP Address

IP address of the gateway (in this example, no gateway is required because the server and the switch are on the same subnet).

FTP User Name

Username for accessing the FTP server, which must be the same as configured on the FTP server.

FTP User Password

Password for accessing the FTP server, which must be the same as configured on the FTP server.

 

 

NOTE:

·       To use the default setting for a field, press Enter without entering any value.

·       If the switch and the server are on different subnets, you must specify a gateway address for the switch.

 

4.       Enter all required parameters and press Enter to start downloading the file.

Loading.................................................Done! 

5.       Enter Y at the prompt to upgrade the basic Boot ROM section.

Will you Update Basic BootRom? (Y/N):Y

Updating Basic BootRom...........Done.

6.       Enter Y at the prompt to upgrade the extended Boot ROM section.

Updating extended BootRom? (Y/N):Y

Updating extended BootRom.........Done.

7.       Enter 0 in the Boot ROM update menu to return to the Boot menu.

1. Update full BootRom

2. Update extended BootRom

3. Update basic BootRom

0. Return to boot menu

 

Enter your choice(0-3):

8.       Enter 0 in the Boot menu to reboot the switch with the new Boot ROM image.

Using XMODEM to upgrade Boot ROM through the console port

XMODEM download through the console port is slower than TFTP or FTP download through the Ethernet port. To save time, use the Ethernet port as long as possible.

1.       Enter 6 in the Boot menu to access the Boot ROM update menu.

1. Update full BootRom

2. Update extended BootRom

3. Update basic BootRom

0. Return to boot menu

 

Enter your choice(0-3):

2.       Enter 1 in the Boot ROM update menu to upgrade the full Boot ROM.

The file transfer protocol submenu appears:

1. Set TFTP protocol parameters

2. Set FTP protocol parameters

3. Set XMODEM protocol parameters

0. Return to boot menu

 

Enter your choice(0-3):

3.       Enter 3 to set the XMODEM download baud rate.

Please select your download baudrate:

1.* 9600

2.  19200

3.  38400

4.  57600

5.  115200

0.  Return to boot menu

 

Enter your choice(0-5):5

4.       Select an appropriate download rate, for example, enter 5 to select 115200 bps.

Download baudrate is 115200 bps                              

Please change the terminal's baudrate to 115200 bps and select XMODEM protocol

Press enter key when ready

5.       Set the serial port on the terminal to use the same baud rate and protocol as the console port. If you select 9600 bps as the download rate for the console port, skip this task.

a.    Select Call > Disconnect in the HyperTerminal window to disconnect the terminal from the switch.

Figure 9 Disconnecting the terminal from the switch

 

b.   Select File > Properties, and in the Properties dialog box, click Configure.

Figure 10 Properties dialog box

 

c.    Select 115200 from the Bits per second list and click OK.

Figure 11 Modifying the baud rate

 

d.   Select Call > Call to reestablish the connection.

Figure 12 Reestablishing the connection

 

6.       Press Enter to start downloading the file.

Now please start transfer file with XMODEM protocol

If you want to exit, Press <Ctrl+X>

Loading ...CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC 

7.       Select Transfer > Send File in the HyperTerminal window.

Figure 13 Transfer menu

 

8.       In the dialog box that appears, click Browse to select the source file, and select Xmodem from the Protocol list.

Figure 14 File transmission dialog box

 

9.       Click Send. The following dialog box appears:

Figure 15 File transfer progress

 

10.    Enter Y at the prompt to upgrade the basic Boot ROM section.

Loading ...CCCCCCCCCCCCCC  ...Done! 

Will you Update Basic BootRom? (Y/N):Y

Updating Basic BootRom...........Done.

11.    Enter Y at the prompt to upgrade the extended Boot ROM section.

Updating extended BootRom? (Y/N):Y

Updating extended BootRom.........Done.

12.    If the baud rate of the HyperTerminal is not 9600 bps, restore it to 9600 bps at the prompt, as described in step 4.a. If the baud rate is 9600 bps, skip this step.

Please change the terminal's baudrate to 9600 bps, press ENTER when ready.

 

 

NOTE:

The console port rate reverts to 9600 bps at a reboot. If you have changed the baud rate, you must perform this step so you can access the switch through the console port after a reboot.

 

13.    Press Enter to access the Boot ROM update menu.

14.    Enter 0 in the Boot ROM update menu to return to the Boot menu.

1. Update full BootRom

2. Update extended BootRom

3. Update basic BootRom

0. Return to boot menu

 

Enter your choice(0-3):

15.    Enter 0 in the Boot menu to reboot the switch with the new Boot ROM image.

Managing files from the Boot menu

From the Boot menu, you can display files in flash memory to check for obsolete files, incorrect files, or space insufficiency, delete files to release storage space, or change the attributes of software images.

Displaying all files

Enter 3 in the Boot menu to display all files in flash memory and identify the free space size.

   EXTENDED BOOT MENU

 

1. Download image to flash

2. Select image to boot

3. Display all files in flash

4. Delete file from flash

5. Restore to factory default configuration

6. Enter BootRom upgrade menu

7. Skip current system configuration

8. Set switch startup mode

0. Reboot

Ctrl+Z: Access EXTENDED ASSISTANT MENU

Ctrl+F: Format file system

Ctrl+P: Change authentication for console login

Ctrl+R: Download image to SDRAM and run

Ctrl+Y: Change Work Mode

Ctrl+C: Display Copyright

 

Enter your choice(0-8): 3

The following is a sample output:

Display all file(s) in flash:

 

File Number    File Size(bytes)     File Name

================================================================================

1              8177                 flash:/testbackup.cfg

2(*)           53555200             flash:/system.bin

3(*)           9959424              flash:/boot.bin

4              3678                 flash:/startup.cfg_backup

5              30033                flash:/default.mdb

6              42424                flash:/startup.mdb

7              18                   flash:/.pathfile

8              232311               flash:/logfile/logfile.log

9              5981                 flash:/startup.cfg_back

10(*)          6098                 flash:/startup.cfg

11             20                   flash:/.snmpboots

Free space: 464298848 bytes

The current image is boot.bin

(*)-with main attribute

(b)-with backup attribute

(*b)-with both main and backup attribute

Deleting files

If storage space is insufficient, delete obsolete files to free up storage space.

To delete files:

1.       Enter 4 in the Boot menu:

Deleting the file in flash:

 

File Number    File Size(bytes)     File Name

================================================================================

1              8177                 flash:/testbackup.cfg

2(*)           53555200             flash:/system.bin

3(*)           9959424              flash:/boot.bin

4              3678                 flash:/startup.cfg_backup

5              30033                flash:/default.mdb

6              42424                flash:/startup.mdb

7              18                   flash:/.pathfile

8              232311               flash:/logfile/logfile.log

9              5981                 flash:/startup.cfg_back

10(*)          6098                 flash:/startup.cfg

11             20                   flash:/.snmpboots

Free space: 464298848 bytes

The current image is boot.bin

(*)-with main attribute

(b)-with backup attribute

(*b)-with both main and backup attribute

2.       Enter the number of the file to delete. For example, enter 1 to select the file testbackup.cfg.

Please input the file number to change: 1

3.       Enter Y at the confirmation prompt.

The file you selected is testbackup.cfg,Delete it? (Y/N):Y

Deleting....................................Done!

Changing the attribute of software images

Software image attributes include main (M), backup (B), and none (N). System software and boot software can each have multiple none-attribute images but only one main image and one backup image on the switch. You can assign both the M and B attributes to one image. If the M or B attribute you are assigning has been assigned to another image, the assignment removes the attribute from that image. If the removed attribute is the sole attribute of the image, its attribute changes to N.

For example, the system image system.bin has the M attribute and the system image system-update.bin has the B attribute. After you assign the M attribute to system-update.bin, the attribute of system-update.bin changes to M+B and the attribute of system.bin changes to N.

To change the attribute of a system or boot image:

1.       Enter 2 in the Boot menu.

   EXTENDED BOOT MENU

 

1. Download image to flash

2. Select image to boot

3. Display all files in flash

4. Delete file from flash

5. Restore to factory default configuration

6. Enter BootRom upgrade menu

7. Skip current system configuration

8. Set switch startup mode

0. Reboot

Ctrl+Z: Access EXTENDED ASSISTANT MENU

Ctrl+F: Format file system

Ctrl+P: Change authentication for console login

Ctrl+R: Download image to SDRAM and run

Ctrl+Y: Change Work Mode

Ctrl+C: Display Copyright

 

Enter your choice(0-8): 2

 

2.       1 or 2 at the prompt to set the attribute of a software image. (The following output is based on the option 2. To set the attribute of a configuration file, enter 3.)

1. Set image file

2. Set bin file

3. Set configuration file

0. Return to boot menu

 

Enter your choice(0-3): 2

 

File Number    File Size(bytes)     File Name

================================================================================

 

1(*)              53555200              flash:/system.bin

2(*)              9959424               flash:/boot.bin

3                 13105152              flash:/boot-update.bin

4                 91273216              flash:/system-update.bin

Free space: 417177920 bytes

(*)-with main attribute

(b)-with backup attribute

(*b)-with both main and backup attribute

Note:Select .bin files. One but only one boot image and system image must be included.

3.       Enter the number of the file you are working with. For example, enter 3 to select the boot image boot-update.bin. and enter 4 to select the system image system-update.bin.

Enter file No.(Allows multiple selection):3

Enter another file No.(0-Finish choice):4

4.       Enter 0 to finish the selection.

Enter another file No.(0-Finish choice):0

You have selected:

flash:/boot-update.bin

flash:/system-update.bin

5.       Enter M or B to change its attribute to main or backup. If you change its attribute to M, the attribute of boot.bin changes to none.

Please input the file attribute (Main/Backup) M

This operation may take several minutes. Please wait....

Next time, boot-update.bin will become default boot file!

Next time, system-update.bin will become default boot file! 

Set the file attribute success!

Handling software upgrade failures

If a software upgrade fails, the system runs the old software version.

To handle a software upgrade failure:

1.       Verify that the software release is compatible with the switch model and the correct file is used.

2.       Verify that the software release and the Boot ROM release are compatible. For software and Boot ROM compatibility, see the hardware and software compatibility matrix in the correct release notes.

3.       Check the physical ports for a loose or incorrect connection.

4.       If you are using the console port for file transfer, check the HyperTerminal settings (including the baud rate and data bits) for any wrong setting.

5.       Check the file transfer settings:

¡  If XMODEM is used, you must set the same baud rate for the terminal as for the console port.

¡  If TFTP is used, you must enter the same server IP addresses, file name, and working directory as set on the TFTP server.

¡  If FTP is used, you must enter the same FTP server IP address, source file name, working directory, and FTP username and password as set on the FTP server.

6.       Check the FTP or TFTP server for any incorrect setting.

7.       Check that the storage device has sufficient space for the upgrade file.