10-High Availability Command Reference

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10-BFD commands
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10-BFD commands 242.19 KB

BFD commands

Basic BFD commands

bfd authentication-mode

Use bfd authentication-mode to configure the BFD authentication mode for single-hop BFD control packets.

Use undo bfd authentication-mode to restore the default.

Syntax

bfd authentication-mode { hmac-md5 | hmac-mmd5 | hmac-msha1 | hmac-sha1 | m-md5 | m-sha1 | md5 | sha1 | simple } key-id { cipher | plain } string

undo bfd authentication-mode

Default

Single-hop BFD control packets are not authenticated.

Views

Interface view

BFD template view

Static BFD session view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

Parameters

hmac-md5: Specifies the HMAC MD5 algorithm.

hmac-mmd5: Specifies the HMAC Meticulous MD5 algorithm.

hmac-msha1: Specifies the HMAC Meticulous SHA1 algorithm.

hmac-sha1: Specifies the HMAC SHA1 algorithm.

m-md5: Specifies the Meticulous MD5 algorithm.

m-sha1: Specifies the Meticulous SHA1 algorithm.

md5: Specifies the MD5 algorithm.

sha1: Specifies the SHA1 algorithm.

simple: Specifies the simple authentication mode.

key-id: Sets the authentication key ID in the range of 1 to 255.

cipher: Specifies a key in encrypted form.

plain: Specifies a key in plaintext form. For security purposes, the key specified in plaintext form will be stored in encrypted form.

string: Specifies the key. Its plaintext form is a case-sensitive string of 1 to 16 characters. Its encrypted form is a case-sensitive string of 33 to 53 characters.

Usage guidelines

Use this command to enhance BFD session security.

BFD version 0 does not support this command. The configuration does not take effect.

Examples

# Configure HundredGigE 1/0/1 to perform simple authentication for single-hop BFD control packets, setting the authentication key ID to 1 and plaintext key to 123456.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] interface hundredgige 1/0/1

[Sysname-HundredGigE1/0/1] bfd authentication-mode simple 1 plain 123456

bfd dampening

Use bfd dampening to configure BFD session flapping suppression.

Use undo bfd dampening to disable BFD session flapping suppression.

Syntax

bfd dampening [ maximum maximum-interval initial initial-interval secondary secondary-interval ]

undo bfd dampening

Default

BFD sessions are not suppressed.

Views

System view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

Parameters

maximum-interval: Specifies the maximum time a BFD session is suppressed, in the range of 1 to 3600 seconds. The default is 20 seconds.

initial-interval: Specifies the amount of time a BFD session is suppressed for the first time. The value range for the initial-interval argument is 1 to 3600 seconds. The default is 6 seconds.

secondary-interval: Specifies the amount of time a BFD session is suppressed for the second time. The value range for the secondary-interval argument is 1 to 3600 seconds. The default is 10 seconds.

Usage guidelines

When BFD detects a link failure, it tears down the BFD session and notifies the upper-layer protocol of the failure. When the upper-layer protocol re-establishes a neighbor relationship, the BFD session comes up again. BFD session flaps occur when a link fails and recovers repeatedly, which consumes significant system resources and causes network instability.

This command allows you to suppress BFD session flapping by using the initial-interval, secondary-interval, and maximum-interval arguments.

·     A BFD session is suppressed within the specified interval. The suppression time does not exceed the maximum-interval.

·     After a BFD session goes down for the second time, it cannot be re-established within the initial-interval.

·     After a BFD session goes down for the third time, it cannot be re-established within the secondary-interval.

·     After a BFD session goes down for the fourth time and at any later time, the following rules apply:

¡     If secondary-interval × 2n-3 is smaller than or equal to the maximum-interval, the BFD session cannot be re-established within the secondary-interval × 2n-3.

¡     If secondary-interval × 2n-3 is greater than the maximum-interval, the BFD session cannot be re-established within the maximum-interval.

The letter n, starting from 4, is the number of times the BFD session flaps.

Examples

# Enable BFD session flapping suppression, and set the maximum-interval, initial-interval, and secondary-interval to 12 seconds, 4 seconds, and 8 seconds, respectively.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] bfd dampening maximum 12 initial 4 secondary 8

bfd demand enable

Use bfd demand enable to enable the Demand BFD session mode.

Use undo bfd demand enable to restore the default.

Syntax

bfd demand enable

undo bfd demand enable

Default

The BFD session is in Asynchronous mode.

Views

Interface view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

Usage guidelines

In Demand mode, the device periodically sends BFD control packets. If the peer end is operating in Asynchronous mode (default), the peer end stops sending BFD control packets. If the peer end is operating in Demand mode, both ends stop sending BFD control packets. When a system in Demand mode wants to verify the connectivity to another system, it sends several BFD control packets with the Poll (P) bit set at the negotiated transmit interval. If no response is received within the detection interval, the session is considered down. If the connectivity is found to be up, no more BFD control packets are sent until the next command is issued. As a best practice, configure the bfd echo enable command together with this command to detect connectivity by sending Echo packets. If the device does not receive any Echo packets from the peer end, it considers the session down.

In Asynchronous mode, the device periodically sends BFD control packets. The device considers that the session is down if it does not receive any BFD control packets within a specific interval.

BFD version 0 does not support this command. The configuration does not take effect.

Examples

# Enable the Demand BFD session mode on HundredGigE 1/0/1.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] interface hundredgige 1/0/1

[Sysname-HundredGigE1/0/1] bfd demand enable

bfd detect-interface first-fail-timer

Use bfd detect-interface first-fail-timer to configure the timer that delays reporting the first BFD session establishment failure to the data link layer.

Use undo bfd detect-interface first-fail-timer to restore the default.

Syntax

bfd detect-interface first-fail-timer seconds

undo bfd detect-interface first-fail-timer

Default

The first BFD session establishment failure is not reported to the data link layer.

Views

Interface view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

Parameters

seconds: Specifies the timeout time that reports the first BFD session establishment failure to the data link layer. The value range for this argument is 1 to 10000 seconds.

Usage guidelines

If the BFD session fails to be established when the timer expires, BFD reports the failure to the data link layer and sets the data link layer state of the interface to DOWN(BFD). This behavior rapidly identifies the interfaces for which BFD sessions fail to be established. In this case, the BFD session state is displayed as Down in the display bfd session command output. The line protocol state of the interface is displayed as DOWN(BFD) in the display interface command output.

If you exeucte the bfd detect-interface source-ip command on the local end, the BFD session for detecting the local interface state fails to be established when the following conditions exist:

·     The bfd detect-interface source-ip command is not executed on the remote end.

·     The local and remote ends have mismatching BFD authentication settings.

Examples

# Configure the timer that delays reporting the first BFD session establishment failure as 10 seconds for HundredGigE 1/0/1.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] interface hundredgige 1/0/1

[Sysname-HundredGigE1/0/1] bfd detect-interface first-fail-timer 10

bfd detect-interface source-ip

Use bfd detect-interface source-ip to associate the interface state with BFD.

Use undo bfd detect-interface to remove the association between the interface state and BFD.

Syntax

bfd detect-interface source-ip ip-address [ discriminator local local-value remote remote-value ] [ template template-name ]

undo bfd detect-interface

Default

The interface state is not associated with BFD.

Views

Interface view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

Parameters

ip-address: Specifies the source IP address for BFD control packets.

discriminator: Specifies BFD session discriminators. If you do not specify discriminators, the device obtains BFD session discriminators through autonegotiation.

local local-value: Specifies the local discriminator. The value range for the local-value argument is 1 to 32768.

remote remote-value: Specifies the remote discriminator in the range of 1 to 4294967295.

template template-name: Specifies a template by its name, a case-sensitive string of 1 to 63 characters. If you specify a nonexistent template or do not specify a template, the BFD session uses the BFD parameters configured in interface view. If you first specify a nonexistent template and then create the template, the BFD session uses the parameters configured in the template.

Usage guidelines

By creating a BFD session for single-hop detection through exchange of BFD control packets, this feature implements fast link detection. When BFD detects a link fault, it sets the link layer protocol state to DOWN(BFD). This behavior helps applications relying on the link layer protocol state achieve fast convergence. The source IP address of control packets is specified manually, and the destination IP address is fixed at 224.0.0.184. As a best practice, specify the IP address of the interface as the source IP address. If the interface does not have an IP address, specify a unicast IP address other than 0.0.0.0 as the source IP address.

You can associate the state of the following interfaces with BFD:

·     Layer 2 Ethernet interfaces.

·     Member ports in a Layer 2 aggregation group.

·     Layer 3 Ethernet interfaces.

·     Member ports in a Layer 3 aggregation group.

·     Layer 3 Ethernet subinterfaces.

·     VLAN interfaces.

·     Layer 2 aggregate interfaces.

·     Layer 3 aggregate interfaces.

·     Layer 3 aggregate subinterfaces.

This command must be configured on both ends of the link for a BFD session to be established.

For BFD detection to take effect, do not configure this command on both a Layer 3 Ethernet interface and its subinterface.

For BFD detection to take effect, do not configure this command on both a Layer 2 Ethernet interface and the VLAN interface created for the VLAN to which the Layer 2 Ethernet interface is assigned.

For BFD detection to work correctly on a Layer 3 aggregate interface and its subinterfaces and member ports at the same time, you must specify the local discriminator and remote discriminator separately for them.

If the peer device does not support obtaining BFD session discriminators through autonegotiation, you must specify the discriminators on both the local and peer devices. Without the discriminators, the BFD session cannot come up.

The BFD session discriminators must match on the local and peer devices. For example, if you configure bfd detect-interface source-ip 20.1.1.1 discriminator local 513 remote 514 on the local device, you must configure bfd detect-interface source-ip 20.1.1.1 discriminator local 514 remote 513 on the peer device.

The local discriminators of BFD sessions for interfaces on the same device must be different.

The echo function does not take effect on BFD sessions associated with interface states.

Examples

# Associate HundredGigE 1/0/1 with BFD to detect the interface state, and specify the source IP address for BFD control packets as 20.1.1.1.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] interface hundredgige 1/0/1

[Sysname-HundredGigE1/0/1] bfd detect-interface source-ip 20.1.1.1

bfd detect-interface special-processing

Use bfd detect-interface special-processing to enable special processing for BFD sessions.

Use undo bfd detect-interface special-processing to disable special processing for BFD sessions.

Syntax

bfd detect-interface special-processing [ admin-down | authentication-change | session-up ] *

undo bfd detect-interface special-processing [ admin-down | authentication-change | session-up ] *

Default

All types of special processing for BFD sessions are disabled.

Views

Interface view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

Parameters

admin-down: Notifies a session down event to the data link layer upon receipt of a BFD packet with the State field as AdminDown. This keyword helps rapidly discover interfaces on which BFD sessions are manually shut down. If you do not specify this keyword, the device sets the BFD session state to Down, but does not notify the session down event to the data link layer.

authentication-change: Immediately sets the session to down state upon a local authentication information change. This keyword helps rapidly discover interfaces with authentication information changes. If you do not specify this keyword, the device sets the session to down state if authentication information inconsistency still persists after a period of time.

session-up: Ignores authentication information inconsistency when the local session is up. If a large number of BFD sessions exist, examining authentication information consistency affects device performance. If you do not specify this keyword, the device examines authentication information in incoming BFD packets when the local session state is up. If the authentication information does not match on the two ends, the BFD session is declared down.

Usage guidelines

If you do not specify any parameters, this command enables or disables all types of special processing.

Examples

# Enable all types of special processing for BFD sessions on HundredGigE 1/0/1.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] interface hundredgige 1/0/1

[Sysname-HundredGigE1/0/1] bfd detect-interface special-processing admin-down authentication-change session-up

bfd detect-multiplier

Use bfd detect-multiplier to set the single-hop detection time multiplier for control packet mode and the detection time multiplier for echo mode.

Use undo bfd detect-multiplier to restore the default.

Syntax

bfd detect-multiplier value

undo bfd detect-multiplier

Default

The detection time multiplier is 5.

Views

Interface view

BFD template view

Static BFD session view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

Parameters

value: Specifies a detection time multiplier in the range of 3 to 50.

Usage guidelines

The detection time multiplier determines the maximum number of concurrent BFD packets (including control packets and echo packets) that can be discarded.

Table 1 Detection interval calculation method

Mode

Detection interval

Echo packet mode

Detection time multiplier of the sender × actual packet sending interval of the sender

Control packet mode BFD session in asynchronous mode

Detection time multiplier of the receiver × actual packet sending interval of the receiver

Control packet mode BFD session in demand mode

Detection time multiplier of the sender × actual packet sending interval of the sender

 

If this command is configured in static BFD session view, it takes effect only on static BFD sessions used for single-hop detection.

Examples

# Set the single-hop detection time multiplier for control packet mode and the detection time multiplier for echo mode to 6 on HundredGigE 1/0/1.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] interface hundredgige 1/0/1

[Sysname-HundredGigE1/0/1] bfd detect-multiplier 6

Related commands

bfd static

bfd echo enable

Use bfd echo enable to enable the echo function.

Use undo bfd echo enable to disable the echo function.

Syntax

bfd echo [ receive | send ] enable

undo bfd echo [ receive | send ] enable

Default

The echo function is disabled.

Views

Interface view

Static BFD session view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

Parameters

receive: Specifies the echo packet receiving capability.

send: Specifies the echo packet sending capability.

Usage guidelines

If you enable the echo function for a BFD session in which control packets are sent and the session comes up, BFD performs the following operations:

·     Periodically sends echo packets to detect link connectivity.

·     Decreases the control packet receiving rate at the same time.

To enable only the echo packet receiving capability, use the bfd echo receive enable command.

To enable only the echo packet sending capability, use the bfd echo send enable command.

If you do not specify the receive or send keyword, the command enables both the echo packet receiving and sending capabilities.

The echo function does not take effect on BFD sessions associated with interface states.

If this command is configured in static BFD session view, it takes effect only on static BFD sessions used for single-hop detection.

BFD version 0 does not support this command. The configuration does not take effect.

Examples

# Enable the echo function on HundredGigE 1/0/1.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] interface hundredgige 1/0/1

[Sysname-HundredGigE1/0/1] bfd echo enable

bfd echo-source-ip

Use bfd echo-source-ip to configure the source IP address of BFD echo packets.

Use undo bfd echo-source-ip to remove the configured source IP address of BFD echo packets.

Syntax

bfd echo-source-ip ip-address

undo bfd echo-source-ip

Default

No source IP address is configured for BFD echo packets.

Views

System view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

Parameters

ip-address: Specifies the source IP address of BFD echo packets. The source IP address must be a valid unicast IPv4 address in dotted decimal notation.

Usage guidelines

As a best practice, do not configure the source IP address to be on the same network segment as any local interface's IP address. If you configure such a source IP address, a large number of ICMP redirect packets might be sent from the peer, resulting in link congestion.

Examples

# Configure the source IP address of BFD echo packets as 8.8.8.8.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] bfd echo-source-ip 8.8.8.8

bfd echo-source-ipv6

Use bfd echo-source-ipv6 to configure the source IPv6 address of BFD echo packets.

Use undo bfd echo-source-ipv6 to remove the configured source IPv6 address of BFD echo packets.

Syntax

bfd echo-source-ipv6 ipv6-address

undo bfd echo-source-ipv6

Default

No source IPv6 address is configured for BFD echo packets.

Views

System view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

Parameters

ipv6-address: Specifies the source IPv6 address for BFD echo packets.

Usage guidelines

The source IPv6 address of echo packets can only be a global unicast address.

As a best practice, do not configure the source IPv6 address to be on the same network segment as any local interface's IP address. If you configure such a source IPv6 address, a large number of ICMPv6 redirect packets might be sent from the peer, resulting in link congestion.

Examples

# Configure the source IPv6 address of BFD echo packets as 80::2.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] bfd echo-source-ipv6 80::2

bfd min-echo-receive-interval

Use bfd min-echo-receive-interval to set the minimum interval for receiving BFD echo packets.

Use undo bfd min-echo-receive-interval to restore the default.

Syntax

bfd min-echo-receive-interval interval

undo bfd min-echo-receive-interval

Default

The minimum interval for receiving BFD echo packets is 400 milliseconds.

Views

Interface view

BFD template view

Static BFD session view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

Parameters

interval: Specifies the minimum interval for receiving BFD echo packets, in milliseconds. The value takes 0 or is in the range of 10 to 10000.

Usage guidelines

This command sets the BFD echo packet receiving interval, which is the actual BFD echo packet sending interval.

The local end stops sending echo packets after autonegotiation with the remote end if the following conditions are met:

·     The echo mode is enabled on the local end.

·     The minimum interval for receiving BFD echo packets is set to 0 milliseconds on the remote end.

If this command is configured in static BFD session view, it takes effect only on static BFD sessions used for single-hop detection.

Examples

# Set the minimum interval for receiving BFD echo packets to 500 milliseconds on HundredGigE 1/0/1.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] interface hundredgige 1/0/1

[Sysname-HundredGigE1/0/1] bfd min-echo-receive-interval 500

Related commands

bfd static

bfd min-receive-interval

Use bfd min-receive-interval to set the minimum interval for receiving single-hop BFD control packets.

Use undo bfd min-receive-interval to restore the default.

Syntax

bfd min-receive-interval interval

undo bfd min-receive-interval

Default

The minimum interval for receiving single-hop BFD control packets is 400 milliseconds.

Views

Interface view

BFD template view

Static BFD session view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

Parameters

interval: Specifies the minimum interval for receiving single-hop BFD control packets, in milliseconds. The value range is 10 to 10000.

Usage guidelines

Use this command to prevent the control packet sending rate of the peer end from exceeding the control packet receiving rate of the local end.

The actual control packet sending interval of the peer end takes the greater value between the following values:

·     Minimum interval for transmitting BFD control packets on the peer end.

·     Minimum interval for receiving BFD control packets on the local end.

If this command is configured in static BFD session view, it takes effect only on static BFD sessions used for single-hop detection.

Examples

# Set the minimum interval for receiving single-hop BFD control packets to 500 milliseconds on HundredGigE 1/0/1.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] interface hundredgige 1/0/1

[Sysname-HundredGigE1/0/1] bfd min-receive-interval 500

Related commands

bfd static

bfd min-transmit-interval

Use bfd min-transmit-interval to set the minimum interval for transmitting single-hop BFD control packets.

Use undo bfd min-transmit-interval to restore the default.

Syntax

bfd min-transmit-interval interval

undo bfd min-transmit-interval

Default

The minimum interval for transmitting single-hop BFD control packets is 400 milliseconds.

Views

Interface view

BFD template view

Static BFD session view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

Parameters

interval: Specifies the minimum interval for transmitting single-hop BFD control packets, in milliseconds. The value range is 10 to 10000.

Usage guidelines

Use this command to prevent the BFD packet sending rate from exceeding the device capability.

The actual BFD control packet transmitting interval on the local end is the greater value between the following values:

·     Minimum interval for transmitting BFD control packets on the local end.

·     Minimum interval for receiving BFD control packets on the peer end.

If this command is configured in static BFD session view, it takes effect only on static BFD sessions used for single-hop detection.

Examples

# Set the minimum interval for transmitting single-hop BFD control packets to 500 milliseconds on HundredGigE 1/0/1.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] interface hundredgige 1/0/1

[Sysname-HundredGigE1/0/1] bfd min-transmit-interval 500

Related commands

bfd static

bfd multi-hop authentication-mode

Use bfd multi-hop authentication-mode to configure the authentication mode for multihop BFD control packets.

Use undo bfd multi-hop authentication-mode to restore the default.

Syntax

bfd multi-hop authentication-mode { hmac-md5 | hmac-mmd5 | hmac-msha1 | hmac-sha1 | m-md5 | m-sha1 | md5 | sha1 | simple } key-id { cipher | plain } string

undo bfd multi-hop authentication-mode

Default

No authentication is performed.

Views

System view

Static BFD session view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

Parameters

hmac-md5: Specifies the HMAC MD5 algorithm.

hmac-mmd5: Specifies the HMAC Meticulous MD5 algorithm.

hmac-msha1: Specifies the HMAC Meticulous SHA1 algorithm.

hmac-sha1: Specifies the HMAC SHA1 algorithm.

m-md5: Specifies the Meticulous MD5 algorithm.

m-sha1: Specifies the Meticulous SHA1 algorithm.

md5: Specifies the MD5 algorithm.

sha1: Specifies the SHA1 algorithm.

simple: Specifies the simple authentication mode.

key-id: Sets the authentication key ID in the range of 1 to 255.

cipher: Specifies a key in encrypted form.

plain: Specifies a key in plaintext form. For security purposes, the key specified in plaintext form will be stored in encrypted form.

string: Specifies the key. Its plaintext form is a case-sensitive string of 1 to 16 characters. Its encrypted form is a case-sensitive string of 33 to 53 characters.

Usage guidelines

Use this command to enhance BFD session security.

If this command is configured in static BFD session view, it takes effect only on static BFD sessions used for multihop detection.

BFD version 0 does not support this command. The configuration does not take effect.

Examples

# Configure the simple authentication mode for multihop BFD control packets, setting the authentication key ID to 1 and key to 123456.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] bfd multi-hop authentication-mode simple 1 plain 123456

Related commands

bfd static

bfd multi-hop destination-port

Use bfd multi-hop destination-port to configure the destination port number for multihop BFD control packets.

Use undo bfd multi-hop destination-port to restore the default.

Syntax

bfd multi-hop destination-port port-number

undo bfd multi-hop destination-port

Default

The destination port number for multihop BFD control packets is 4784.

Views

System view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

Parameters

port-number: Specifies the destination port number of multihop BFD control packets, 3784 or 4784.

Examples

# Specify the destination port number for multihop BFD control packets as 3784.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] bfd multi-hop destination-port 3784

bfd multi-hop detect-multiplier

Use bfd multi-hop detect-multiplier to set the multihop detection time multiplier for control packet mode.

Use undo bfd multi-hop detect-multiplier to restore the default.

Syntax

bfd multi-hop detect-multiplier value

undo bfd multi-hop detect-multiplier

Default

The detection time multiplier is 5.

Views

System view

Static BFD session view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

Parameters

value: Specifies the multihop detection time multiplier in the range of 3 to 50.

Usage guidelines

The detection time multiplier determines the maximum number of concurrent BFD control packets that can be discarded.

Table 2 Detection interval calculation method

Mode

Detection interval

Control packet mode BFD session in asynchronous mode

Detection time multiplier of the receiver × actual packet sending interval of the receiver

Control packet mode BFD session in demand mode

Detection time multiplier of the sender × actual packet sending interval of the sender

 

If this command is configured in static BFD session view, it takes effect only on static BFD sessions used for multihop detection.

Examples

# Set the multihop detection time multiplier to 6 for control packet mode.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] bfd multi-hop detect-multiplier 6

Related commands

bfd static

bfd multi-hop min-echo-receive-interval

Use bfd multi-hop min-echo-receive-interval to set the minimum interval for receiving multihop BFD echo packets.

Use undo bfd multi-hop min-echo-receive-interval to restore the default.

Syntax

bfd multi-hop min-echo-receive-interval interval

undo bfd multi-hop min-echo-receive-interval

Default

The minimum interval for receiving multihop BFD echo packets is 400 milliseconds.

Views

System view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

Parameters

interval: Specifies the minimum interval for receiving multihop BFD echo packets, in milliseconds. The value takes 0 or is in the range of 10 to 10000.

Usage guidelines

The interval for receiving multihop BFD echo packets is also the interval for sending multihop BFD echo packets. By executing this command, you can control both the receiving interval and sending interval for multihop BFD echo packets.

This command takes effect only on static BFD sessions for multihop detection with echo packets.

Examples

# Set the minimum interval for receiving multihop BFD echo packets to 500 milliseconds.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] bfd multi-hop min-echo-receive-interval 500

Related commands

bfd static

bfd multi-hop min-receive-interval

Use bfd multi-hop min-receive-interval to set the minimum interval for receiving multihop BFD control packets.

Use undo bfd multi-hop min-receive-interval to restore the default.

Syntax

bfd multi-hop min-receive-interval interval

undo bfd multi-hop min-receive-interval

Default

The minimum interval for receiving multihop BFD control packets is 400 milliseconds.

Views

System view

Static BFD session view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

Parameters

interval: Specifies the minimum interval for receiving multihop BFD control packets, in milliseconds. The value range is 10 to 10000.

Usage guidelines

Use this command to prevent the packet sending rate of the peer end from exceeding the packet receiving capability (minimum control packet receiving interval) of the local end. If the receiving capability is exceeded, the peer end dynamically adjusts the BFD control packet sending interval to the minimum control packet receiving interval of the local end.

If this command is configured in static BFD session view, it takes effect only on static BFD sessions used for multihop detection.

Examples

# Set the minimum interval for receiving multihop BFD control packets to 500 milliseconds.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] bfd multi-hop min-receive-interval 500

Related commands

bfd static

bfd multi-hop min-transmit-interval

Use bfd multi-hop min-transmit-interval to set the minimum interval for transmitting multihop BFD control packets.

Use undo bfd multi-hop min-transmit-interval to restore the default.

Syntax

bfd multi-hop min-transmit-interval interval

undo bfd multi-hop min-transmit-interval

Default

The minimum interval for transmitting multihop BFD control packets is 400 milliseconds.

Views

System view

Static BFD session view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

Parameters

interval: Specifies the minimum interval for transmitting multihop BFD control packets, in milliseconds. The value range is 10 to 10000.

Usage guidelines

Use this command to prevent the BFD packet sending rate from exceeding the device capability.

The actual BFD control packet transmitting interval on the local end is the greater value between the following values:

·     Minimum interval for transmitting BFD control packets on the local end.

·     Minimum interval for receiving BFD control packets on the peer end.

If this command is configured in static BFD session view, it takes effect only on static BFD sessions used for multihop detection.

Examples

# Set the minimum interval for transmitting multihop BFD control packets to 500 milliseconds.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] bfd multi-hop min-transmit-interval 500

Related commands

bfd static

bfd session init-mode

Use bfd session init-mode to configure the mode for establishing a BFD session.

Use undo bfd session init-mode to restore the default.

Syntax

bfd session init-mode { active | passive }

undo bfd session init-mode

Default

BFD uses the active mode.

Views

System view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

Parameters

active: Specifies the active mode. In active mode, BFD actively transmits BFD control packets to the remote device, regardless of whether it receives a BFD control packet from the remote device.

passive: Specifies the passive mode. In passive mode, BFD does not actively transmit a BFD control packet to the remote end; it transmits a BFD control packet only after receiving a BFD control packet from the remote end.

Usage guidelines

A minimum of one end must operate in active mode for a BFD session to be established.

BFD version 0 does not support this command. The configuration does not take effect.

Examples

# Configure the session establishment mode as passive.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] bfd session init-mode passive

bfd static

Use bfd static to create a static BFD session and enter its view, or enter the view of an existing static BFD session.

Use undo bfd static to delete a static BFD session and all its settings.

Syntax

Static BFD session for single-hop detection with IPv4 control packets:

bfd static session-name [ peer-ip ipv4-address interface interface-type interface-number source-ip ipv4-address [ discriminator local local-value remote remote-value ] ]

undo bfd static session-name

Static BFD session for single-hop detection with IPv6 control packets:

bfd static session-name [ peer-ipv6 ipv6-address interface interface-type interface-number source-ipv6 ipv6-address[ discriminator local local-value remote remote-value ] ]

undo bfd static session-name

Static BFD session for multihop detection with IPv4 control packets:

bfd static session-name [ peer-ip ipv4-address [ vpn-instance vpn-instance-name ] source-ip ipv4-address [ discriminator local local-value remote remote-value ] [ track-interface interface-type interface-number ] ]

Static BFD session for multihop detection with IPv6 control packets:

bfd static session-name [ peer-ipv6 ipv6-address [ vpn-instance vpn-instance-name ] source-ipv6 ipv6-address [ discriminator local local-value remote remote-value ] [ track-interface interface-type interface-number ] ]

undo bfd static session-name

Static BFD session for single-hop detection with IPv4 echo packets:

bfd static session-name [ peer-ip ipv4-address interface interface-type interface-number destination-ip ipv4-address [ source-ip ipv4-addres ] one-arm-echo [ discriminator { local local-value | auto } ] ]

undo bfd static session-name

Static BFD session for single-hop detection with IPv6 echo packets:

bfd static session-name [ peer-ipv6 ipv6-address interface interface-type interface-number  destination-ipv6 ipv6-address [ source-ipv6 ipv6-addres ] one-arm-echo [ discriminator { local local-value | auto } ] ]

undo bfd static session-name

Static BFD session for multihop detection with IPv4 echo packets:

bfd static session-name [ peer-ip ipv4-address [ vpn-instance vpn-instance-name ] destination-ip ipv4-address [ source-ip ipv4-addres ] one-arm-echo [ discriminator { local local-value | auto } ] ]

undo bfd static session-name

Static BFD session for multihop detection with IPv6 echo packets:

bfd static session-name [ peer-ipv6 ipv6-address [ vpn-instance vpn-instance-name ] destination-ipv6 ipv6-address [ source-ipv6 ipv6-addres ] one-arm-echo [ discriminator { local local-value | auto } ] ]

undo bfd static session-name

Default

No static BFD sessions exist.

Views

System view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

Parameters

session-name: Specifies a static BFD session name, a case-sensitive string of 1 to 64 characters.

peer-ip ipv4-address: Specifies the peer IPv4 address in dotted decimal notation. It must be a valid unicast IPv4 address. For a static BFD session in control packet mode, the peer IPv4 address and the source IPv4 address determine the path to be detected. For a static BFD session in echo packet mode, the peer IPv4 address and the destination IPv4 address determine the path to be detected.

peer-ipv6 ipv6-address: Specifies the peer IPv6 address. For a static BFD session in control packet mode, the peer IPv6 address and the source IPv6 address determine the path to be detected. For a static BFD session in echo packet mode, the peer IPv6 address and the destination IPv6 address determine the path to be detected.

vpn-instance vpn-instance-name: Specifies an MPLS L3VPN instance by its name, a case-sensitive string of 1 to 31 characters. If you do not specify this option, the static BFD session belongs to the public network.

interface interface-type interface-number: Specifies an interface by its type and number. BFD uses the specified interface as the outgoing interface for outgoing packets.

destination-ip ipv4-address: Specifies the destination IPv4 address for echo packets, in dotted decimal notation. It must be a valid unicast IPv4 address of the local end.

destination-ipv6 ipv6-address: Specifies the destination IPv6 address for echo packets. It must be the IPv6 address of the local end.

source-ip ipv4-address: Specifies the source IPv4 address for BFD packets, in dotted decimal notation. It must be a valid unicast IPv4 address.

source-ipv6 ipv6-address: Specifies the source IPv6 address for BFD packets.

one-arm-echo: Specifies the static BFD session mode as echo packet mode.

discriminator: Specifies BFD session discriminators.

local local-value: Specifies the local discriminator in the range of 1 to 32768.

remote remote-value: Specifies the remote discriminator in the range of 1 to 4294967295.

auto: Enables the device to automatically assign local discriminator values to static BFD sessions.

track-interface interface-type interface-number: Specifies an interface monitored by the static BFD session. When the monitored interface fails, the static BFD session changes to the down state. If you do not specify an interface, the static BFD session does not monitor any interfaces.

Usage guidelines

By working with Track, a static BFD session can provide fast failure detection. For more information about Track association with BFD, see Track in High Availability Configuration Guide.

If a static BFD session in control packet mode is created on the peer device, you must use this command to create a static BFD session on the local device. The BFD session discriminators must match on the local and peer devices. For example, if you configure bfd static abc peer-ip 20.1.1.1 vpn-instance vpn1 source-ip 20.1.1.2 discriminator local 513 remote 514 on the local device, you must configure bfd static bcd peer-ip 20.1.1.2 vpn-instance vpn1 source-ip 20.1.1.1 discriminator local 514 remote 513 on the peer device.

When creating a static BFD session, you must specify a peer IP address. The system checks only the format of the IP address but not its correctness. If the peer IPv4 or IPv6 address is incorrect, the static BFD session cannot be established.

The bfd static session-name command without any parameters specified can only be used to enter the view of an existing static BFD session.

You need to create a static BFD session on only the local device if you use the echo packet mode to perform detection. As a best practice, specify the source IP address for echo packets when creating a static BFD session. Make sure the specified source IP address does not belong to the subnet where a local interface resides. Without a source IP address specified, the device uses the IP address specified in the bfd echo-source-ip or bfd echo-source-ipv6 command as the source IP address of echo packets.

To use a static BFD session in control packet mode for single-hop detection, you must perform the following configuration:

·     Specify the IP address of the peer interface for the peer-ip/peer-ipv6 parameter.

·     Specify the IP address of the local interface for the source-ip/source-ipv6 parameter.

If you do not specify the local discriminator or remote discriminator when creating a static BFD session, you must perform either of the following tasks for the BFD session to take effect:

·     Use the discriminator command to specify the local discriminator and remote discriminator for the static BFD session.

·     Execute the undo bfd static command and then execute the bfd static command to re-create the static BFD session with the local and remote discriminators specified.

To modify a static BFD session, delete the static BFD session and then configure a new static BFD session.

Different static BFD sessions cannot have the same local discriminator.

For a static BFD session in control packet mode, the source IP address of BFD packets is the IP address specified for the source-ip/source-ipv6 keyword, and the destination IP address is the IP address specified for the peer-ip/peer-ipv6 keyword.

For a static BFD session in echo packet mode, the source IP address of BFD packets is the IP address specified for the source-ip/source-ipv6 keyword, and the destination IP address is the IP address specified for the destination-ip/destination-ipv6 keyword.

In a VPN VPWS dual-homed network, when the AC of a DF fails, the BDF cannot quickly detect the failure to take over. To solve this problem, you can configure a static BFD session on the DF to monitor the AC state and execute the evpn track bfd command on the BDF. The takeover process occurs as follows:

1.     When the AC of the DF fails, the DF sets the static BFD session to the down state and notifies the BDF.

2.     The BDF quickly takes over as the DF, which minimizes packet loss.

For more information about EVPN VPWS networking and DF election, see EVPN VPWS configuration in EVPN Configuration Guide.

A static BFD session can monitor the following interfaces:

·     Layer 2 Ethernet interfaces.

·     Layer 3 Ethernet interfaces and their subinterfaces.

·     Layer 2 aggregate interfaces and their member ports.

·     Layer 3 aggregate interfaces and their subinterfaces and member ports.

Examples

# Create a static BFD session and enter its view. The static BFD session detects the path between 1.1.1.1 and 1.1.1.2 and uses HundredGigE 1/0/1 to send BFD packets with source IP address 1.1.1.1 and destination IP address is 1.1.1.2. The local discriminator is 1537, and the remote discriminator is 2048.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] bfd static abc peer-ip 1.1.1.2 interface hundredgige 1/0/1 source-ip 1.1.1.1 discriminator local 1537 remote 2048

[Sysname-bfd-static-session-abc]

# Create a static BFD session and enter its view. The static BFD session detects the path between 1.1.1.1 and 1.1.1.2 and uses HundredGigE 1/0/1 to send BFD packets with source IP address 9.9.9.9 and destination IP address is 1.1.1.2.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] bfd static abc peer-ip 1.1.1.1 interface hundredgige 1/0/1 destination-ip 1.1.1.2 source-ip 9.9.9.9 one-arm-echo discriminator auto

[Sysname-bfd-static-session-abc]

Related commands

bfd echo source-ip

discriminator

evpn track bfd (EVPN Command Reference)

track bfd (High Availability Command Reference)

bfd template

Use bfd template to create a BFD template and enter its view, or enter the view of an existing BFD template.

Use undo bfd template to delete the BFD template.

Syntax

bfd template template-name

undo bfd template template-name

Default

No BFD templates exist.

Views

System view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

Parameters

template-name: Specifies the template name, a case-sensitive string of 1 to 63 characters.

Examples

# Create BFD template bfd1 and enter BFD template view.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] bfd template bfd1

[Sysname-bfd-template-bfd1]

discriminator

Use discriminator to specify the local and remote discriminators for a static BFD session.

Use undo discriminator to remove the local and remote discriminator for the static BFD session.

Syntax

discriminator { local local-value | remote remote-value }

undo discriminator { local local-value | remote remote-value }

Default

No local and remote discriminators are specified for a static BFD session..

Views

Static BFD session view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

Parameters

local local-value: Specifies the local discriminator in the range of 1 to 32768.

remote remote-value: Specifies the remote discriminator in the range of 1 to 4294967295.

Usage guidelines

Use this command only if you do not specify the local or remote discriminator when creating a static BFD session.

To modify the local or remote discriminator of a static BFD session, execute the undo discriminator and then the discriminator command to specify a new local or remote discriminator.

Different static BFD sessions cannot have the same local discriminator.

Examples

# Create local discriminator 1537 and remote discriminator 2048 for static BFD session abc.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] bfd static abc

[Sysname-bfd-static-session-abc] discriminator local 1537

[Sysname-bfd-static-session-abc] discriminator remote 2048

Related commands

bfd static

display bfd session

Use display bfd session to display BFD session information.

Syntax

display bfd session [ discriminator local local-value | static session-name | verbose ]

display bfd session [ [ dynamic ] [ control | echo ] [ ip ] [ state { down | admin-down | init | up } ] [ discriminator remote remote-value ] [ peer-ip ipv4-address [ vpn-instance vpn-instance-name ] ] [ verbose ] ]

display bfd session [ [ dynamic ] [ control | echo ] [ ipv6 ] [ state { down | admin-down | init | up } ] [ discriminator remote remote-value ] [ peer-ipv6 ipv6-address [ vpn-instance vpn-instance-name ] ] [ verbose ] ]

display bfd session [ [ dynamic ] [ control | echo ] [ lsp | te | pw ] [ state { down | admin-down | init | up } ] [ discriminator remote remote-value ] [ [ peer-ip ipv4-address [ vpn-instance vpn-instance-name ] ] | [ peer-ipv6 ipv6-address [ vpn-instance vpn-instance-name ] ] ] [ verbose ] ]

display bfd session [ [ static ] [ ip ] [ state { down | admin-down | init | up } ] [ discriminator remote remote-value ] [ peer-ip ipv4-address [ vpn-instance vpn-instance-name ] ] [ verbose ]

display bfd session [ [ static ] [ ipv6 ] [ state { down | admin-down | init | up } ] [ discriminator remote remote-value ] [ peer-ipv6 ipv6-address [ vpn-instance vpn-instance-name ] ] [ verbose ]

Views

Any view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

network-operator

Parameters

discriminator local local-value: Specifies a BFD session by its local discriminator in the range of 1 to 4294967295.

static session-name: Specifies a static BFD session by its name, a case-sensitive string of 1 to 64 characters.

dynamic: Specifies dynamic BFD sessions.

static: Specifies static BFD sessions.

control: Specifies BFD sessions in control packet mode.

echo: Specifies BFD sessions in echo mode.

ip: Specifies BFD sessions used to detect IPv4 links.

ipv6: Specifies BFD sessions used to detect IPv6 links.

lsp: Specifies BFD sessions used to detect MPLS LSPs.

te: Specifies BFD sessions used to detect MPLS TE tunnels.

pw: Specifies BFD sessions used to detect PWs.

state: Displays BFD sessions by session state.

down: Specifies BFD sessions in Down state.

admin-down: Specifies BFD sessions in AdminDown state.

init: Specifies BFD sessions in Init state.

up: Specifies BFD sessions in Up state.

discriminator remote remote-value: Specifies a BFD session by its remote discriminator  in the range of 1 to 4294967295.

peer-ip ipv4-address: Specifies a BFD session by the peer IPv4 address in dotted decimal notation.

peer-ipv6 ipv6-address: Specifies a BFD session by the peer IPv6 address.

vpn-instance vpn-instance-name: Specifies an MPLS L3VPN instance by its name, a case-sensitive string of 1 to 31 characters. If you do not specify this option, the command displays the BFD sessions of the public network.

verbose: Displays detailed BFD session information.

Usage guidelines

If you do not specify the dynamic or static keyword, this command displays all dynamic and static BFD sessions.

Examples

# Display brief information about all BFD sessions.

<Sysname> display bfd session

 Total sessions: 10        Up sessions: 10        Init mode: Active

 

 IPv4 session working in control packet mode:

 

 LD/RD            SourceAddr      DestAddr        State  Holdtime    Interface

 513/513          1.1.1.1         1.1.1.2         Up     2297ms      HGE1/0/1

 

 IPv6 session working in control packet mode:

 

       Local discr: 513                  Remote discr: 513

         Source IP: FE80::20C:29FF:FED4:7171

    Destination IP: FE80::20C:29FF:FE72:AC4D

     Session state: Up                      Interface: HGE1/0/2

         Hold time: 2142ms

 

 MPLS LSP session working in control packet mode:

 LD/RD          SourceAddr      DestAddr        State    Holdtime    Interface

 513/514        2.2.2.9         127.0.0.1       Up       4410ms      N/A

 514/513        2.2.2.9         1.1.1.9         Up       4358ms      N/A

 

 IPv4 static session working in control packet mode:

 

 LD/RD            SourceAddr      DestAddr        State  Holdtime    Interface

 1600/1600        1.1.1.1         1.1.1.2         Up     2290ms      HGE1/0/1

 

 IPv6 static session working in control packet mode:

 

       Local discr: 1700                  Remote discr: 1700

         Source IP: FE80::20C:29FF:FED4:7171

    Destination IP: FE80::20C:29FF:FE72:AC4D

     Session state: Up                      Interface: HGE1/0/2

         Hold time: 2142ms

 

 IPv4 static session working in echo packet mode:

 

 LD              SourceAddr      DestAddr        State   Holdtime    Interface

 233             192.168.51.5    192.168.51.1    Up      400ms       N/A

 

 IPv6 session working in echo mode:

 

       Local discr: 33793

         Source IP: 51::5

    Destination IP: 51::1

     Session state: Up                      Interface: N/A

         Hold time: 1400ms

 

 MPLS TE session working in control packet mode:

 LD/RD          SourceAddr      DestAddr        State    Holdtime    Interface

 2050/2050      1.1.1.1         127.0.0.1       Up       2458ms      N/A

 

 MPLS TE session working in echo mode:

 LD             SourceAddr      DestAddr        State    Holdtime    Interface

 2051           1.1.1.1         3.3.3.3         Up       4851ms      Tun2

 

 MPLS PW session working in control packet mode:

 LD/RD          SourceAddr      DestAddr        State    Holdtime    Interface

 20481/20481    2.2.2.2         127.0.0.1       Up       2489ms      N/A

Table 3 Command output

Field

Description

Total sessions

Total number of BFD sessions.

Up sessions

Total number of active BFD sessions.

Init mode

BFD operating mode: Active or passive.

IPv4 session working in control packet mode

BFD session type and operating mode:

·     IPv4 session working in control packet mode.

·     IPv4 session working in echo mode.

·     IPv6 session working in control packet mode.

·     IPv6 session working in echo mode.

·     MPLS LSP session working in control packet mode—BFD session in control packet mode used to detect failures in an LSP.

·     MPLS LSP session working in echo mode—BFD session in echo mode used to detect failures in an LSP.

·     IPv4 static session working in control packet mode.

·     IPv4 static session working in echo packet mode.

·     IPv6 static session working in control packet mode.

·     MPLS TE session working in control packet mode.

·     MPLS TE session working in echo mode.

·     MPLS PW session working in control packet mode.

LD/RD

Local discriminator/Remote discriminator of the session.

SourceAddr

Source IPv4 address of the session.

DestAddr

Destination IPv4 address of the session.

State

Session state: Down, Init, AdmDown, or Up.

Holdtime

Length of time before session detection timer expires.

For a BFD session in Down state, this field displays 0ms.

Interface

Name of the interface of the session.

Local discr

Local discriminator of the session.

Remote discr

Remote discriminator of the session.

Source IP

Source IPv6 address of the session.

Destination IP

Destination IPv6 address of the session.

Session state

Session state: Down, AdmDown, Init, or Up.

Hold time

Length of time before session detection timer expires.

For a BFD session in Down state, this field displays 0ms.

# Display detailed information about all BFD sessions.

<Sysname> display bfd session verbose

 Total sessions: 10        Up sessions: 10        Init mode: Active

 IPv4 session working in control packet mode:

          Local discr: 513                        Remote discr: 513

            Source IP: 1.1.1.1                  Destination IP: 1.1.1.2

     Destination port: 3784                      Session state: Up

            Interface: HundredGigE1/0/1

      Min Tx interval: 500ms          Actual Tx Interval: 500ms

      Min Rx interval: 500ms                    Detection time: 2500ms

             Rx count: 42                       Tx count: 43

      Connection type: Direct                Up duration: 00:00:20

            Hold time: 2078ms                  Auth mode: None

       Detection mode: Async                        Slot: 0

             Protocol: OSPF

              Version:1

            Diag info: No Diagnostic

        Hardware mode: Disable

 

 IPv6 session working in control packet mode:

          Local discr: 513                        Remote discr: 513

            Source IP: FE80::20C:29FF:FED4:7171

       Destination IP: FE80::20C:29FF:FE72:AC4D

     Destination port: 3784                      Session state: Up

            Interface: HundredGigE1/0/2

      Min Tx interval: 500ms                Actual Tx interval: 500ms

      Min Rx interval: 500ms                    Detection time: 2500ms

             Rx count: 38                             Tx count: 38

      Connection type: Direct                      Up duration: 00:00:15

            Hold time: 2211ms                        Auth mode: None

       Detection mode: Async                              Slot: 0

             Protocol: OSPFv3

              Version: 1

            Diag info: No Diagnostic

        Hardware mode: Disable

 

 MPLS LSP session working in control packet mode:

          Local discr: 513                        Remote discr: 514

            Source IP: 1.1.1.9                  Destination IP: 127.0.0.1

     Destination port: 3784                      Session state: Up

            Interface: N/A

      Min Tx interval: 1000ms               Actual Tx interval: 1000ms

      Min Rx interval: 1000ms                   Detection time: 5000ms

             Rx count: 8894                           Tx count: 9451

      Connection type: Indirect                    Up duration: 02:17:50

            Hold time: 4292ms                        Auth mode: None

       Detection mode: Async                              Slot: 0

             Protocol: MPLS_LSPV

              Version: 1

            Diag info: No Diagnostics

        Hardware mode: Disable

 

 IPv4 static session working in control packet mode:

         Session name: abc

          Local discr: 310                        Remote discr: 308

            Source IP: 12.1.1.1                 Destination IP: 12.1.1.2

     Destination port: 3784                      Session state: Up

            Interface: N/A

      Min Tx interval: 1000ms               Actual Tx interval: 3000ms

      Min Rx interval: 1000ms                   Detection time: 5000ms

             Rx count: 59                             Tx count: 1003

      Connection type: Direct                      Up duration: 00:00:00

            Hold time: 0ms                           Auth mode: None

       Detection mode: Async                              Slot: 0

             Protocol: STATIC_IPv4

              Version: 1

            Diag info: No Diagnostic

        Hardware mode: Disable

    Tracked interface: HundredGigE1/0/1

 

 IPv6 static session working in control packet mode:

      Session name: bbbb

          Local discr: 1700                       Remote discr: 1700

            Source IP: FE80::20C:29FF:FED4:7171

       Destination IP: FE80::20C:29FF:FE72:AC4D

     Destination port: 3784                      Session state: Up

            Interface: HundredGigE1/0/2

      Min Tx interval: 500ms                Actual Tx interval: 500ms

      Min Rx interval: 500ms                    Detection time: 2500ms

             Rx count: 38                             Tx count: 38

      Connection type: Direct                      Up duration: 00:00:15

            Hold time: 2211ms                        Auth mode: None

       Detection mode: Async                        Slot: 0

             Protocol: STATIC_IPv6

              Version: 1

            Diag info: No Diagnostic

        Hardware mode: Disable

 

 IPv4 static session working in echo packet mode:

         Session name: staticv4

          Local discr: 233

            Source IP: 192.168.51.5             Destination IP: 192.168.51.1

     Destination port: 3785                      Session state: Up

            Interface: N/A

            Hold time: 3000ms               Actual Tx interval: 1000ms

      Min Rx interval: 1000ms                   Detection time: 5000ms

             Rx count: 100                            Tx count: 346

      Connection type: Indirect                    Up duration: 00:00:02

       Detection mode: Async                              Slot: 0

             Protocol: STATIC_IPv4

              Version: 1

            Diag info: No Diagnostic

        Hardware mode: Disable

 

 IPv6 session working in echo mode:

         Session name: staticv6

          Local discr: 33793

            Source IP: 51::5

       Destination IP: 51::1

     Destination port: 3785                      Session state: Up

            Interface: N/A

            Hold time: 4200ms               Actual Tx interval: 1000ms

      Min Rx interval: 1000ms                   Detection time: 5000ms

             Rx count: 106                            Tx count: 365

      Connection type: Indirect                    Up duration: 00:00:01

       Detection mode: Async                              Slot: 0

             Protocol: STATIC_IPv6

              Version: 1

            Diag info: No Diagnostic

        Hardware mode: Disable

 

 MPLS TE Session working in control packet mode:

          Local discr: 2050                       Remote discr: 2050

            Source IP: 1.1.1.1                  Destination IP: 127.0.0.1

     Destination port: 3784                      Session state: Up

            Interface: N/A

      Min Tx interval: 500ms                Actual Tx interval: 500ms

      Min Rx interval: 500ms                    Detection time: 2500ms

             Rx count: 72                             Tx count: 73

      Connection type: Indirect                    Up duration: 00:00:30

            Hold time: 2458ms                        Auth mode: None

       Detection mode: Async                              Slot: 0

             Protocol: MPLS_LSPV

              Version: 1

            Diag info: No Diagnostic

        Hardware mode: Disable

 

 MPLS TE session working in echo mode:

          Local discr: 2051

            Source IP: 1.1.1.1                  Destination IP: 3.3.3.3

     Destination port: 3785                      Session state: Up

            Interface: Tunnel2

            Hold time: 4851ms               Actual Tx interval: 1000ms

      Min Rx interval: 1000ms                   Detection time: 5000ms

             Rx count: 9083                           Tx count: 9637

      Connection type: Indirect                    Up duration: 02:20:42

       Detection mode: Async                              Slot: 0

             Protocol: MPLS_LSPV

              Version: 1

            Diag info: No Diagnostics

        Hardware mode: Disable

 

 MPLS PW session working in control packet mode:

          Local discr: 20481                      Remote discr: 20481

            Source IP: 2.2.2.2                  Destination IP: 127.0.0.1

     Destination port: 3784                      Session state: Up

            Interface: N/A

      Min Tx interval: 500ms                Actual Tx interval: 500ms

      Min Rx interval: 500ms                    Detection time: 2500ms

             Rx count: 72                             Tx count: 73

      Connection type: Indirect                    Up duration: 00:00:30

            Hold time: 2489ms                        Auth mode: None

       Detection mode: Async                              Slot: 0

             Protocol: MPLS_LSPV

              Version: 1

            Diag info: No Diagnostic

        Hardware mode: Disable

Table 4 Command output

Field

Description

Total sessions

Total number of BFD sessions.

Up sessions

Total number of active BFD sessions.

Init mode

BFD operating mode: Active or passive.

IPv4 session working in control packet mode

BFD session type and operating mode:

·     IPv4 session working in control packet mode.

·     IPv4 session working in echo mode.

·     IPv6 session working in control packet mode.

·     IPv6 session working in echo mode.

·     MPLS LSP session working in control packet mode—BFD session in control packet mode used to detect failures in an LSP.

·     MPLS LSP session working in echo mode—BFD session in echo mode used to detect failures in an LSP.

·     IPv4 static session working in control packet mode.

·     IPv4 static session working in echo packet mode.

·     IPv6 static session working in control packet mode.

·     MPLS TE session working in control packet mode.

·     MPLS TE session working in echo mode.

·     MPLS PW session working in control packet mode.

Local discr

Local discriminator of the session.

Remote discr

Remote discriminator of the session.

Source IP

Source IP address of the session.

Destination IP

Destination IP address of the session.

Destination port

Destination port number in BFD packets defined in Comware:

·     The destination port number in single-hop BFD control packets is 3784.

·     The destination port number in single-hop or multihop BFD echo packets is 3785.

·     The destination port number in multihop BFD control packets is 4784.

·     The destination port number in BFD control packets for association between link aggregation and BFD is 6784.

The device uses the destination port number in incoming packets that are not defined in Comware as the destination port number in outgoing BFD packets.

Session state

Session state: Down, AdmDown, Init, or Up.

Interface

Name of the interface of the session.

Min Tx interval

Minimum transmit interval.

Min Rx interval

Minimum receive interval.

Actual Tx interval

Actual transmit interval.

Detection time

Actual session detection timer.

Rx count

Number of packets received.

Tx count

Number of packets sent.

Hold time

Length of time before session detection timer expires.

For a BFD session in down state, this field displays 0ms.

Auth mode

Session authentication mode.

Connection type

Connection type of the interface: Direct or Indirect.

Up duration

Time period for which the session has been up.

Detect mode

Detection mode:

·     Async—Asynchronous mode.

·     Demand—Demand mode.

·     Async/Echo—Asynchronous mode with echo detection enabled.

·     Demand/Echo—Demand mode with echo detection enabled.

Slot

Slot number of the card where the BFD session resides.

Protocol

Protocol associated with BFD:

·     OSPF.

·     ISIS_BR_L1—IS-IS with the network type as broadcast and the router type as Level 1.

·     ISIS_BR_L2—IS-IS with the network type as broadcast and the router type as Level 2.

·     ISIS_P2P—IS-IS with the network type as P2P.

·     ISIS6_BR_L1—IPv6 IS-IS with the network type as broadcast and the router type as Level 1.

·     ISIS6_BR_L2—IPv6 IS-IS with the network type as broadcast and the router type as Level 2.

·     ISIS6_P2P—IPv6 IS-IS with the network type as P2P.

·     BGP.

·     MPLS_RSVP.

·     STATIC4—IPv4 static routing.

·     TRACK—Track.

·     RIP.

·     IPFRR—FIB IP FRR.

·     MAD.

·     MPLS_LSPV.

·     OSPFv3.

·     BGP4+.

·     PIM.

·     PIM6—IPv6 PIM.

·     STATIC6—IPv6 static routing.

·     RIPNG—RIPng.

·     Interface—Interface state.

·     TUNNEL.

·     VTEP.

·     LAGG—Link aggregation.

·     STATIC_IPv4—IPv4 static BFD session.

·     STATIC_IPv6—IPv6 static BFD session.

Diag info

Diagnostic information about the session:

·     No Diagnostic.

·     Control Detection Time Expired—A control-mode BFD session goes down because local detection times out.

·     Echo Function Failed—An echo-mode BFD session goes down, because local detection times out or the source IP address of echo packets is deleted.

·     Neighbor Signaled Session Down—The remote end notifies the local end of BFD session down.

·     Administratively Down—The local system prevents a BFD session from being established.

Hardware mode

Mode in which BFD packets are processed in hardware:

·     Enabled.

·     Disable—BFD packets are processed in software.

Tracked interface

Interface monitored by the static BFD session.

Related commands

bfd static

reset bfd session statistics

Use reset bfd session statistics to clear the BFD session statistics.

Syntax

reset bfd session statistics

Views

User view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

Examples

# Clear the BFD session statistics.

<Sysname> reset bfd session statistics

snmp-agent trap enable bfd

Use snmp-agent trap enable bfd to enable SNMP notifications for BFD.

Use undo snmp-agent trap enable bfd to disable SNMP notifications for BFD.

Syntax

snmp-agent trap enable bfd

undo snmp-agent trap enable bfd

Default

All SNMP notifications are enabled for BFD.

Views

System view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

Usage guidelines

To report critical BFD events to an NMS, enable SNMP notifications for BFD. For BFD event notifications to be sent correctly, you must also configure SNMP as described in the network management and monitoring configuration guide for the device.

Examples

# Disable SNMP notifications for BFD.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] undo snmp-agent trap enable bfd

SBFD commands

bfd detect-multiplier

Use bfd detect-multiplier to set the detection time multiplier in BFD template view.

Use undo bfd detect-multiplier to restore the default.

Syntax

bfd detect-multiplier value

undo bfd detect-multiplier

Default

The detection time multiplier is 5.

Views

BFD template view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

Parameters

value: Specifies a detection time multiplier in the range of 3 to 50.

Usage guidelines

The detection time multiplier determines the maximum number of SBFD control packets that an initiator can discard continuously.

The detection time is the detection time multiplier of the initiator multiplied by the minimum SBFD packet sending interval of the initiator.

Examples

# In BFD template abc, set the detection time multiplier to 6.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] bfd template abc

[Sysname-bfd-template-abc] bfd detect-multiplier 6

Related commands

bfd min-transmit-interval

bfd min-transmit-interval

Use bfd min-transmit-interval to set the minimum interval for transmitting SBFD control packets in BFD template view.

Use undo bfd min-transmit-interval to restore the default.

Syntax

bfd min-transmit-interval interval

undo bfd min-transmit-interval

Default

The minimum interval for transmitting SBFD control packets is 400 milliseconds.

Views

BFD template view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

Parameters

interval: Specifies the minimum interval for transmitting SBFD control packets, in milliseconds. The value range is 10 to 10000.

Usage guidelines

Use this command to prevent the SBFD control packet sending rate from exceeding the device capability.

The actual SBFD control packet transmitting interval is the set minimum interval.

Examples

# In BFD template abc, set the minimum interval for transmitting SBFD control packets to 500 milliseconds.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] bfd template abc

[Sysname-bfd-template-abc] bfd min-transmit-interval 500

Related commands

bfd detect-multiplier

bfd multi-hop detect-multiplier

Use bfd multi-hop detect-multiplier to set the detection time multiplier in system view.

Use undo bfd multi-hop detect-multiplier to restore the default.

Syntax

bfd multi-hop detect-multiplier value

undo bfd multi-hop detect-multiplier

Default

The detection time multiplier is 5.

Views

System view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

Parameters

value: Specifies a detection time multiplier in the range of 3 to 50.

Usage guidelines

The detection time multiplier determines the maximum number of SBFD control packets that an initiator can discard continuously.

The detection time is the detection time multiplier of the initiator multiplied by the minimum SBFD packet sending interval of the initiator.

Examples

# Set the detection time multiplier to 6.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] bfd multi-hop detect-multiplier 6

bfd multi-hop min-transmit-interval

Use bfd multi-hop min-transmit-interval to set the minimum interval for transmitting SBFD control packets in system view.

Use undo bfd multi-hop min-transmit-interval to restore the default.

Syntax

bfd multi-hop min-transmit-interval interval

undo bfd multi-hop min-transmit-interval

Default

The minimum interval for transmitting SBFD control packets is 400 milliseconds.

Views

System view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

Parameters

interval: Specifies the minimum interval for transmitting SBFD control packets, in milliseconds. The value range is 10 to 10000.

Usage guidelines

Use this command to prevent the SBFD control packet sending rate from exceeding the device capability.

The actual SBFD control packet transmitting interval is the set minimum interval.

Examples

# Set the minimum interval for transmitting SBFD control packets to 500 milliseconds.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] bfd multi-hop min-transmit-interval 500

bfd template

Use bfd template to create a BFD template and enter its view, or enter the view of an existing BFD template.

Use undo bfd template to delete the BFD template.

Syntax

bfd template template-name

undo bfd template template-name

Default

No BFD templates exist.

Views

System view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

Parameters

template-name: Specifies the template name, a case-sensitive string of 1 to 63 characters.

Examples

# Create BFD template bfd1 and enter BFD template view.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] bfd template bfd1

[Sysname-bfd-template-bfd1]

display sbfd session

Use display sbfd session to display SBFD session information.

Syntax

display sbfd session { initiator | reflector } [ discriminator value | verbose ]

Views

Any view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

network-operator

Parameters

initiator: Displays SBFD session information for the initiator.

reflector: Displays SBFD session information for the reflector.

discriminator value: Specifies a local discriminator in the range of 1 to 4294967295.

verbose: Displays detailed information about all SBFD sessions.

Usage guidelines

If you do not specify the discriminator or verbose keyword, this command displays brief information about all SBFD sessions.

Examples

# Display brief information about all SBFD sessions for the initiator.

<Sysname> display sbfd session initiator

Total sessions: 1     Up sessions: 1

 

 SBFD session (MPLS LSP):

       Local discr: 32770                Remote discr: 1000001

         Source IP: 1.1.1.1

    Destination IP: 127.0.0.1

     Session state: Up

         Hold time: 2184ms

Table 5 Command output

Field

Description

Total sessions

Total number of SBFD sessions.

Up sessions

Number of active SBFD sessions.

SBFD session (MPLS LSP)

SBFD sessions created by MPLS.

Local discr

Local discriminator of the session.

Remote discr

Remote discriminator of the session.

Source IP

Source IP address of the session.

Destination IP

Destination IP address of the session.

Session state

Session state: Down or Up.

Hold time

Length of time before the session detection timer expires, in milliseconds.

For an SBFD session in Down state, this field displays 0ms.

 

# Display detailed information about the SBFD session with local discriminator 32770 for the initiator.

<Sysname> display sbfd session initiator discriminator 32770

          Local discr: 32770                      Remote discr: 1000002

            Source IP: 1.1.1.1                  Destination IP: 127.0.0.1

        Session state: Up                            Hold time: 4130ms

      Min Tx interval: 1000ms               Actual Tx interval: 1000ms

       Detection time: 5000ms                      Up duration: 00:01:18

             Rx count: 1                              Tx count: 78

                 Slot: 0

             Protocol: MPLS_LSPV

            Diag info: No Diagnostic

        Template name: temmpls

        Hardware mode: Disable

Table 6 Command output

Field

Description

Local discr

Local discriminator of the session.

Remote discr

Remote discriminator of the session.

Source IP

Source IP address of the session.

Destination IP

Destination IP address of the session.

Session state

Session state: Down or Up.

Hold time

Length of time before the session detection timer expires, in milliseconds.

For an SBFD session in Down state, this field displays 0ms.

Min Tx interval

Minimum SBFD packet transmission interval in milliseconds.

Actual Tx interval

Actual SBFD packet transmission interval in milliseconds.

Detection time

Actual session detection timer in milliseconds.

Up duration

Time period for which the session has been up.

Rx count

Number of packets received.

Tx count

Number of packets sent.

Slot

Slot number of the card where the BFD session resides.

Diag info

Diagnostic information about the session:

·     No Diagnostic.

·     Control Detection Time Expired—The SBFD session goes down because local detection times out.

·     Neighbor Signaled Session Down—The remote end notifies the local end of SBFD session down.

Template name

Template associated with the session. If no template is associated, this field is not displayed.

Hardware mode

Mode in which BFD packets are processed in hardware:

·     Enabled.

·     Disable—BFD packets are processed in software.

 

# Display detailed information about all SBFD sessions for the initiator.

<Sysname> display sbfd session initiator verbose

Total sessions: 1     Up sessions: 1

 

 SBFD session (MPLS LSP):

          Local discr: 32770                      Remote discr: 1000001

            Source IP: 1.1.1.1                  Destination IP: 127.0.0.1

        Session state: Up                            Hold time: 4130ms

      Min Tx interval: 1000ms               Actual Tx interval: 1000ms

       Detection time: 5000ms                      Up duration: 00:01:19

             Rx count: 1                              Tx count: 79

                 Slot: 0

             Protocol: MPLS_LSPV

            Diag info: No Diagnostic

        Template name: abc

        Hardware mode: Disable

Table 7 Command output

Field

Description

Total sessions

Total number of SBFD sessions.

Up sessions

Number of active SBFD sessions.

SBFD session (MPLS LSP)

SBFD sessions created by MPLS.

Local discr

Local discriminator of the session.

Remote discr

Remote discriminator of the session.

Source IP

Source IP address of the session.

Destination IP

Destination IP address of the session.

Session state

Session state: Down or Up.

Hold time

Length of time before the session detection timer expires, in milliseconds.

For an SBFD session in Down state, this field displays 0ms.

Min Tx interval

Minimum SBFD packet transmission interval.

Actual Tx interval

Actual SBFD packet transmission interval.

Detection time

Actual session detection timer.

Up duration

Time period for which the session has been up.

Rx count

Number of packets received.

Tx count

Number of packets sent.

Slot

Slot number of the card where the BFD session resides.

Diag info

Diagnostic information about the session:

·     No Diagnostic.

·     Control Detection Time Expired—The SBFD session goes down because local detection times out.

·     Neighbor Signaled Session Down—The remote end notifies the local end of SBFD session down.

Template name

Template associated with the session. If no template is associated, this field is not displayed.

Hardware mode

Mode in which BFD packets are processed in hardware:

·     Enabled.

·     Disable—BFD packets are processed in software.

 

# Display brief information about all SBFD sessions for the reflector.

<Sysname> display sbfd session reflector

 

Local discriminator 1000001 on slot 0

 Configured mode: Explicit Value

 Total sessions: 1

 

       Local discr: 1000001              Remote discr: 32770

         Source IP: 3.2.1.2

    Destination IP: 1.1.1.1

         Hold time: 29296ms

          VRF name: -

Table 8 Command output

Field

Description

Configured mode

Discriminator type:

·     IP Address—IPv4 address.

·     Explicit Value—Integer.

Total sessions

Total number of SBFD sessions.

Local discr

Local discriminator of the session.

Remote discr

Remote discriminator of the session.

Source IP

Source IP address of the session.

Destination IP

Destination IP address of the session.

Hold time

Length of time before the session detection timer expires, in milliseconds.

For an SBFD session in Down state, this field displays 0ms.

VRF name

VPN instance bound to the interface where the packets of the SBFD session are received.

If no VPN instance is bound to the interface, this field displays a hyphen (-).

 

# Display detailed information about the SBFD session with local discriminator 1000001 for the reflector.

<Sysname> display sbfd session reflector discriminator 1000001

 

Local discriminator 1000001 on slot 0

 Configured mode: IP Address

 Total sessions: 1

 

          Local discr: 1000001                    Remote discr: 32770

            Source IP: 3.2.1.2                  Destination IP: 1.1.1.1

      Min Tx interval: 1000ms                  Min Rx interval: 10ms

         Detect multi: 5                           Up duration: 00:16:51

             Rx count: 967                            Tx count: 967

        Max Rx period: 3008ms                    Max Tx period: 1000us

            Hold time: 29374ms

             VRF name: -

        Hardware mode: Disable

Table 9 Command output

Field

Description

Configured mode

Discriminator type:

·     IP Address—IPv4 address.

·     Explicit Value—Integer.

Total sessions

Total number of SBFD sessions.

Local discr

Local discriminator of the session.

Remote discr

Remote discriminator of the session.

Source IP

Source IP address of the session.

Destination IP

Destination IP address of the session.

Min Tx interval

Minimum transmission interval of incoming SBFD packets.

Min Rx interval

Minimum SBFD packet receiving interval.

Detect multi

Session detection time multiplier carried in incoming SBFD packets.

Up duration

Time period for which the session has been up.

Rx count

Number of packets received.

Tx count

Number of packets sent.

Max Rx period

Maximum SBFD packet receiving interval in milliseconds.

Max Tx period

Maximum response packet transmission interval, in microseconds.

Hold time

Length of time before the session detection timer expires, in milliseconds.

For an SBFD session in Down state, this field displays 0ms.

VRF name

VPN instance bound to the interface where the packets of the SBFD session are received.

If no VPN instance is bound to the interface, this field displays a hyphen (-).

Hardware mode

Mode in which BFD packets are processed in hardware:

·     Enabled.

·     Disable—BFD packets are processed in software.

 

Related commands

sbfd local-discriminator

sbfd local-discriminator

Use sbfd local-discriminator to set the local discriminator for the reflector.

Use undo sbfd local-discriminator to remove the local discriminator setting for the reflector.

Syntax

sbfd local-discriminator { ipv4-address | integer-value }

undo sbfd local-discriminator { ipv4-address | integer-value }

Default

No local discriminator is set for the reflector.

Views

System view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

Parameters

ipv4-address: Specifies a valid unicast IPv4 address as the local discriminator.

integer-value: Specifies an integer as the local discriminator, in the range of 1000001 to 4294967295.

Usage guidelines

In a BFD session, both ends periodically send BFD packets to detect bidirectional forwarding path failures. SBFD is a unidirectional failure detection mechanism that provides shorter detection time than BFD. SBFD is used in scenarios where only one end of a link requires failure detection, such as MPLS TE tunnel establishment through static SRLSP.

An SBFD session involves the following roles:

·     Initiator—Periodically sends SBFD control packets to detect connectivity to remote entities. An initiator initiates SBFD sessions and maintains SBFD session state.

·     Reflector—Listens for incoming SBFD control packets on local entities and replies with response SBFD control packets.

The remote discriminator in SBFD control packets sent by the initiator must be specified in the sbfd local-discriminator command. Otherwise, the reflector does not reply with response SBFD control packets.

You can execute this command multiple times to configure multiple local discriminators.

A node can act as the initiator of one session and the reflector of another session at the same time.

Examples

# Specify 1.1.1.1 as the local discriminator for the reflector.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] sbfd local-discriminator 1.1.1.1

# Specify 1000001 as the local discriminator for the reflector.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] sbfd local-discriminator 1000001

Related commands

display sbfd session

mpls bfd (MPLS Command Reference)

 

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