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25-IPv6 policy-based routing commands
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IPv6 policy-based routing commands

The following compatibility matrix shows the support of hardware platforms for IPv6 policy-based routing:

 

Hardware series

Model

Product code

IPv6 policy-based routing compatibility

WX1800H series

WX1804H

EWP-WX1804H-PWR-CN

Yes

WX2500H series

WX2508H-PWR-LTE

WX2510H

WX2510H-F

WX2540H

WX2540H-F

WX2560H

EWP-WX2508H-PWR-LTE

EWP-WX2510H-PWR

EWP-WX2510H-F-PWR

EWP-WX2540H

EWP-WX2540H-F

EWP-WX2560H

Yes

WX3000H series

WX3010H

WX3010H-X

WX3010H-L

WX3024H

WX3024H-L

WX3024H-F

EWP-WX3010H

EWP-WX3010H-X-PWR

EWP-WX3010H-L-PWR

EWP-WX3024H

EWP-WX3024H-L-PWR

EWP-WX3024H-F

No

WX3500H series

WX3508H

WX3510H

WX3520H

WX3520H-F

WX3540H

EWP-WX3508H

EWP-WX3510H

EWP-WX3520H

EWP-WX3520H-F

EWP-WX3540H

Yes

WX5500E series

WX5510E

WX5540E

EWP-WX5510E

EWP-WX5540E

Yes

WX5500H series

WX5540H

WX5560H

WX5580H

EWP-WX5540H

EWP-WX5560H

EWP-WX5580H

Yes

Access controller modules

LSUM1WCME0

EWPXM1WCME0

LSQM1WCMX20

LSUM1WCMX20RT

LSQM1WCMX40

LSUM1WCMX40RT

EWPXM2WCMD0F

EWPXM1MAC0F

LSUM1WCME0

EWPXM1WCME0

LSQM1WCMX20

LSUM1WCMX20RT

LSQM1WCMX40

LSUM1WCMX40RT

EWPXM2WCMD0F

EWPXM1MAC0F

Yes

Hardware series

Model

Product code

IPv6 policy-based routing compatibility

WX1800H series

WX1804H

WX1810H

WX1820H

WX1840H

EWP-WX1804H-PWR

EWP-WX1810H-PWR

EWP-WX1820H

EWP-WX1840H-GL

Yes

WX3800H series

WX3820H

WX3840H

EWP-WX3820H-GL

EWP-WX3840H-GL

Yes

WX5800H series

WX5860H

EWP-WX5860H-GL

Yes

apply continue

Use apply continue to compare packets with the next policy node upon failure on the current node.

Use undo apply continue to restore the default.

Syntax

apply continue

undo apply continue

Default

IPv6 PBR does not compare packets with the next policy node upon failure on the current node.

Views

IPv6 policy node view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

Usage guidelines

This command takes effect only when the mode of the node is permit.

This command applies when the following clauses are not configured or become invalid:

·     apply next-hop

·     apply output-interface

·     apply default-next-hop

·     apply default-output-interface

For example, the command applies when the specified next hop is unreachable or the specified output interface is down.

Examples

# Compare with the next policy node upon failure on the current node.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] ipv6 policy-based-route aa permit node 11

[Sysname-pbr6-aa-11] apply continue

apply default-next-hop

Use apply default-next-hop to set default next hops.

Use undo apply default-next-hop to remove default next hops.

Syntax

apply default-next-hop { ipv6-address [ direct ] [ track track-entry-number ] }&<1-n>

undo apply default-next-hop [ ipv6-address&<1-n> ]

Default

No default next hop is set.

Views

IPv6 policy node view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

Parameters

ipv6-address: Specifies  the IPv6 address of a default next hop.

direct: Specifies a directly connected default next hop.

track track-entry-number: Specifies a track entry by its number in the range of 1 to 1024.

&<1-n>: Indicates that you can specify up to n default next hops, each of which can be associated with a track entry. The value for n varies by device model.

Usage guidelines

You can specify multiple default next hops for backup or load sharing in one command line or by executing this command multiple times.

With a default next hop specified, the undo apply default-next-hop command removes the default next hop.

Without any default next hop specified, the undo apply default-next-hop command removes all default next hops.

Examples

# Set a directly-connected default next hop of 1:1::1:1.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] ipv6 policy-based-route aa permit node 11

[Sysname-pbr6-aa-11] apply default-next-hop 1:1::1:1 direct

Related commands

apply loadshare

apply default-output-interface

Use apply default-output-interface to set default output interfaces.

Use undo apply default-output-interface to remove default output interfaces.

Syntax

apply default-output-interface { interface-type interface-number [ track track-entry-number ] }&<1-n>

undo apply default-output-interface [ { interface-type interface-number }&<1-n> ]

Default

No default output interface is set.

Views

IPv6 policy node view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

Parameters

interface-type interface-number: Specifies an interface by its type and number.

track track-entry-number: Specifies a track entry by its number in the range of 1 to 1024.

&<1-n>: Indicates that you can specify up to n interfaces, each of which can be associated with a track entry. The value for n varies by device model.

Usage guidelines

You can specify multiple default output interfaces for backup or load sharing in one command line or by executing this command multiple times.

The default output interface must be P2P type. Using a non-P2P default output interface can result in forwarding failures when the interface has multiple next hops. Non-P2P interfaces include broadcast and non-broadcast multi-access (NBMA) interfaces such as Ethernet and virtual-template interfaces. In NBMA networks, packets are sent in unicast.

With a default output interface specified, the undo apply default-output-interface command removes the default output interface.

Without any default output interface specified, the undo apply default-output-interface command removes all default output interfaces.

Examples

# Specify VLAN-interface 2 as the default output interface for IPv6 packets.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] ipv6 policy-based-route aa permit node 11

[Sysname-pbr6-aa-11] apply default-output-interface vlan-interface 2

Related commands

apply loadshare

apply loadshare

Use apply loadshare to enable load sharing among multiple next hops, output interfaces, default next hops, or default output interfaces.

Use undo apply loadshare to restore the default.

Syntax

apply loadshare { default-next-hop | default-output-interface | next-hop | output-interface }

undo apply loadshare { default-next-hop | default-output-interface | next-hop | output-interface }

Default

Multiple next hops, output interfaces, default next hops, or default output interfaces operate in primary/backup mode.

Views

IPv6 policy node view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

Parameters

default-next-hop: Enables load sharing among multiple default next hops.

default-output-interface: Enables load sharing among multiple default output interfaces.

next-hop: Enables load sharing among multiple next hops.

output-interface: Enables load sharing among multiple output interfaces.

Usage guidelines

Multiple next hops, output interfaces, default next hops, or default output interfaces operate in either primary/backup or load sharing mode. For example:

·     Primary/backup mode—The first configured output interface is used. When the primary output interface fails, the first configured backup output interface takes over.

·     Load sharing mode—Multiple output interfaces load share traffic on a per-packet basis in turn, according to the configuration order.

 

 

NOTE:

Multiple next hops load share traffic according to their weights. By default, all next hops have the same weight and traffic is load balanced among them.

Examples

# Enable load sharing among multiple next hops.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] ipv6 policy-based-route aa permit node 11

[Sysname-pbr6-aa-11] apply next-hop 1::1 2::2

[Sysname-pbr6-aa-11] apply loadshare next-hop

# Enable load sharing among multiple output interfaces.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] ipv6 policy-based-route aa permit node 11

[Sysname-pbr6-aa-11] apply output-interface vlan-interface 1 vlan-interface 2

[Sysname-pbr6-aa-11] apply loadshare output-interface

# Enable load sharing among multiple default next hops.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] ipv6 policy-based-route aa permit node 11

[Sysname-pbr6-aa-11] apply default-next-hop 1::1 2::2

[Sysname-pbr6-aa-11] apply loadshare default-next-hop

# Enable load sharing among multiple default output interfaces.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] ipv6 policy-based-route aa permit node 11

[Sysname-pbr6-aa-11] apply default-output-interface vlan-interface 1 vlan-interface 2

[Sysname-pbr6-aa-11] apply loadshare default-output-interface

Related commands

apply default-next-hop

apply default-output-interface

apply next-hop

apply output-interface

apply next-hop

Use apply next-hop to set next hops.

Use undo apply next-hop to remove next hops.

Syntax

apply next-hop  { ipv6-address [ direct ] [ track track-entry-number ] [ weight weight-value ] } &<1-n>

undo apply next-hop [ ipv6-address&<1-n> ]

Default

No next hop is set.

Views

IPv6 policy node view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

Parameters

ipv6-address: Specifies the IPv6 address of a next hop.

direct: Specifies that the next hop must be directly connected to take effect.

track track-entry-number: Specifies a track entry by its number in the range of 1 to 1024.

weight weight-value: Specifies a load sharing weight for the next hop, in the range of 1 to 100. The default is 10. If you specify weights 1, 1, and 2 for three next hops, they share 1/4, 1/4, and 1/2 of the whole traffic, respectively.

Usage guidelines

You can specify multiple next hops for backup or load sharing in one command line or by executing this command multiple times.

With a next hop specified, the undo apply next-hop command removes the next hop.

Without any next hop specified, the undo apply next-hop command removes all next hops.

Examples

# Set a directly-connected next hop of 1::1.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] ipv6 policy-based-route aa permit node 11

[Sysname-pbr6-aa-11] apply next-hop 1::1

Related commands

apply loadshare

apply output-interface

Use apply output-interface to set output interfaces.

Use undo apply output-interface to remove output interfaces.

Syntax

apply output-interface { interface-type interface-number [ track track-entry-number ] }&<1-n>

undo apply output-interface [ { interface-type interface-number }&<1-n> ]

Default

No output interface is set.

Views

IPv6 policy node view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

Parameters

interface-type interface-number: Specifies an interface by its type and number.

track track-entry-number: Specifies a track entry by its number in the range of 1 to 1024.

&<1-n>: Indicates that you can specify up to n interfaces, each of which can be associated with a track entry. The value for n varies by device model.

Usage guidelines

You can specify multiple output interfaces for backup or load sharing in one command line or by executing this command multiple times.

The output interface must be P2P type. Using a non-P2P output interface can result in forwarding failures when the interface has multiple next hops. Non-P2P interfaces include broadcast and NBMA interfaces such as Ethernet and virtual-template interfaces.

With an output interface specified, the undo apply output-interface command removes the output interface.

Without any output interface specified, the undo apply output-interface command removes all output interfaces.

Examples

# Specify VLAN-interface 2 as the output interface for IPv6 packets.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] ipv6 policy-based-route aa permit node 11

[Sysname-pbr6-aa-11] apply output-interface vlan-interface 2

Related commands

apply loadshare

apply precedence

Use apply precedence to set a precedence for IPv6 packets.

Use undo apply precedence to restore the default.

Syntax

apply precedence { type | value }

undo apply precedence

Default

No precedence is set for IPv6 packets.

Views

IPv6 policy node view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

Parameters

type: Specifies the precedence type for IPv6 packets.

value: Specifies the precedence for IPv6 packets. Eight precedence values (0 to 7) are available. Each precedence value corresponds to a precedence type, as shown in Table 1. You can set either a precedence value or a precedence type for IPv6 packets.

Table 1 IP precedences and the corresponding types

Precedence value

Precedence type

0

routine

1

priority

2

immediate

3

flash

4

flash-override

5

critical

6

internet

7

network

Examples

# Set the precedence to 5 (critical) for IPv6 packets.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname]ipv6 policy-based-route aa permit node 11

[Sysname-pbr6-aa-11] apply precedence critical

display ipv6 policy-based-route

Use display ipv6 policy-based-route to display IPv6 PBR policy information.

Syntax

display ipv6 policy-based-route [ policy policy-name ]

Views

Any view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

network-operator

Parameters

policy policy-name: Specifies a policy by its name, a case-sensitive string of 1 to 19 characters. If you do not specify a policy, this command displays information for all IPv6 PBR policies.

Examples

# Display all IPv6 policy information.

<Sysname> display ipv6 policy-based-route

Policy name: aaa

  node 1 permit:

    if-match acl 2000

    apply next-hop 1000::1

Table 2 Command output

Field

Description

node 1 permit

The match mode of Node 1 is permit.

if-match acl

Compares IPv6 packets with IPv6 ACL.

apply next-hop

Specifies a next hop for permitted IPv6 packets.

Related commands

ipv6 policy-based-route (system view)

display ipv6 policy-based-route interface

Use display ipv6 policy-based-route interface to display IPv6 interface PBR configuration and statistics.

Syntax

In standalone mode:

display ipv6 policy-based-route interface interface-type interface-number

In IRF mode:

display ipv6 policy-based-route interface interface-type interface-number [ slot slot-number ]

Views

Any view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

network-operator

Parameters

interface-type interface-number: Specifies an interface by its type and number.

slot slot-number: Specifies an IRF member device by its member ID. If you do not specify a member device, this command displays IPv6 interface PBR configuration and statistics for the master device. (In IRF mode.)

Examples

# Display IPv6 PBR configuration and statistics on VLAN-interface 2.

<Sysname> display ipv6 policy-based-route interface vlan-interface 2

Policy based routing information for interface Vlan-inerface2(failed):

Policy name: aaa

  node 0 deny:

  Matched: 0

  node 1 permit:

    if-match acl 3999

  Matched: 0

  node 2 permit:

    if-match acl 2000

    apply next-hop 1000::1

    apply output-interface Vlan-inerface3 track 1 (down)

    apply output-interface Vlan-inerface4 track 2 (inactive)

  Matched: 0

  node 5 permit:

    if-match acl 3101

    apply next-hop 1000::1

  Matched: 0

Total matched: 0

<Sysname> display ipv6 policy-based-route interface Vlan-inerface2

Policy based routing information for interface Vlan-inerface2:

Policy name: aaa

  node 0 deny(not support):

  Matched: 0

  node 1 permit:

    if-match acl 3999

  Matched: 0

  node 2 permit(no resource):

    if-match acl 2000

    apply next-hop 1000::1

    apply output-interface Vlan-inerface3 track 1 (down)

    apply output-interface Vlan-inerface4 track 2 (inactive)

  Matched: 0

  node 5 permit:

    if-match acl 3101

    apply next-hop 1000::1

  Matched: 0 (no statistics resource)

Total matched: 0

Table 3 Command output

Field

Description

Policy based routing information for interface XXXX(failed)

IPv6 PBR configuration and statistics on the interface.

This field displays failed in brackets if none of the nodes in the policy has been successfully issued to the driver. The failed status will persist even after the policy is successfully issued. To clear the failed status, you must remove the policy from the interface and then apply it on the interface again.

NOTE:

The failed status is available on a per-slot basis. To obtain this information, you must specify a slot number when you execute the command.

·     For a global interface (for example, a VLAN interface), which might have member physical interfaces on multiple slots, specify a slot that contains its member interfaces.

·     For a physical interface, specify its slot number.

node 0 deny(not support)

node 2 permit(no resource)

Match mode of the node, permit or deny.

If a node fails to be issued to the driver, the command displays the cause in brackets, which include:

·     not support—The device does not support the match criteria configured on the node.

·     no resource—No sufficient resources (for example, ACLs) are available for the node.

NOTE:

The cause is available only on a per-slot basis. To obtain this information, you must specify a slot number when you execute the command.

·     For a global interface (for example, a VLAN interface), which might have member physical interfaces on multiple slots, specify a slot that contains its member interfaces.

·     For a physical interface, specify its slot number.

if-match acl

Compares IPv6 packets with the IPv6 ACL.

apply next-hop

Specifies a next hop for permitted IPv6 packets.

apply output-interface  track 1 (down)

Specifies an output interface for permitted packets. The interface status includes the following:

·     up—The interface is up.

·     down—The interface is down at network layer.

·     inactive—The interface is not in position.

Matched: 0 (no statistics resource)

Number of successful matches on the node. If the device does not have sufficient resources to count matches, this field displays no statistics resource in brackets.

NOTE:

The statistics collection failure cause is available only on a per-slot basis. To obtain this information, you must specify a slot number when you execute the command.

·     For a global interface (for example, a VLAN interface), which might have member physical interfaces on multiple slots, specify a slot that contains its member interfaces.

·     For a physical interface, specify its slot number.

Total matched

Total number of successful matches on all nodes.

Related commands

reset ipv6 policy-based-route statistics

display ipv6 policy-based-route local

Use display ipv6 policy-based-route local to display IPv6 local PBR configuration and statistics.

Syntax

In standalone mode:

display ipv6 policy-based-route local

In IRF mode:

display ipv6 policy-based-route local [ slot slot-number ]

Views

Any view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

network-operator

Parameters

slot slot-number: Specifies an IRF member device by its member ID. If you do not specify a member device, this command displays IPv6 local PBR configuration and statistics for the master device. (In IRF mode.)

Examples

# Display IPv6 local PBR configuration and statistics.

<Sysname> display ipv6 policy-based-route local

Policy based routing information for local:

Policy name: aaa

  node 0 deny:

  Matched: 0

  node 1 permit:

    if-match acl 3999

  Matched: 0

  node 2 permit:

    if-match acl 2000

    apply next-hop 1::1

  Matched: 0

  node 5 permit:

    if-match acl 3101

    apply next-hop 2::2

  Matched: 0

Total matched: 0

Table 4 Command output

Field

Description

Policy based routing information for local

IPv6 local PBR configuration and statistics.

node 0 deny/node 2 permit

Match mode of the node, permit or deny.

if-match acl

Compares packets with the ACL.

apply next-hop

Specifies a next hop for permitted packets.

Matched: 0

Number of successful matches on the node.

Total matched

Total number of successful matches on all nodes.

Related commands

reset ipv6 policy-based-route statistics

display ipv6 policy-based-route setup

Use display ipv6 policy-based-route setup to display IPv6 PBR configuration.

Syntax

display ipv6 policy-based-route setup

Views

Any view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

network-operator

Examples

# Display IPv6 PBR configuration.

<Sysname> display ipv6 policy-based-route setup

Policy Name              Interface Name

pr01                     Vlan-interface 2

Table 5 Command output

Field

Description

Policy Name

Policy name.

Interface Name

Interface where the policy is applied.

Related commands

ipv6 policy-based-route (interface view)

if-match acl

Use if-match acl to set an ACL match criterion.

Use undo if-match acl to restore the default.

Syntax

if-match acl { ipv6-acl-number | name ipv6-acl-name }

undo if-match acl

Default

No ACL match criterion is set.

Views

IPv6 policy node view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

Parameters

ipv6-acl-number: Specifies an IPv6 ACL by its number in the range of 2000 to 3999. The value range of a basic ACL is 2000 to 2999 and that of an advanced ACL is 3000 to 3999.

name ipv6-acl-name: Specifies an IPv6 ACL by its name, a case-insensitive string of 1 to 63 characters starting with a letter. The ACL name cannot be all. For the command to take effect, make sure the specified IPv6 ACL is a basic or advanced ACL.

Examples

# Configure Node 10 of policy aa to permit the packets matching ACL 2000.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] ipv6 policy-based-route aa permit node 10

[Sysname-pbr6-aa-10] if-match acl 2000

# Configure Node 10 of policy aa to permit the packets matching ACL aaa.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] ipv6 policy-based-route aa permit node 10

[Sysname-pbr6-aa-10] if-match acl name aaa

ipv6 local policy-based-route

Use ipv6 local policy-based-route to configure IPv6 local PBR based on a specified policy.

Use undo ipv6 local policy-based-route to restore the default.

Syntax

ipv6 local policy-based-route policy-name

undo ipv6 local policy-based-route

Default

No policy is specified for IPv6 local PBR.

Views

System view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

Parameters

policy-name: Specifies a policy by its name, a case-sensitive string of 1 to 19 characters. The specified IPv6 policy must already exist.

Usage guidelines

You can apply only one policy locally. Before you apply a new policy, you must first remove the current policy.

IPv6 local PBR is used to route locally generated packets except the packets destined for the sender. This feature might affect local services. Do not configure IPv6 local PBR unless doing so is required.

Examples

# Configure IPv6 local PBR based on policy aaa.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] ipv6 local policy-based-route aaa

Related commands

display ipv6 policy-based-route setup

ipv6 policy-based-route (system view)

ipv6 policy-based-route (interface view)

Use ipv6 policy-based-route to configure IPv6 interface PBR by applying an IPv6 policy to an interface.

Use undo ipv6 policy-based-route to restore the default.

Syntax

ipv6 policy-based-route policy-name

undo ipv6 policy-based-route

Default

No IPv6 is applied to an interface.

Views

Interface view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

Parameters

policy-name: Specifies a policy by its name, a case-sensitive string of 1 to 19 characters. The specified policy must already exist.

Examples

# Apply policy aaa to VLAN-interface 2.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] interface vlan-interface 2

[Sysname-Vlan-interface2] ipv6 policy-based-route aaa

Related commands

display ipv6 policy-based-route setup

ipv6 policy-based-route (system view)

ipv6 policy-based-route (system view)

Use ipv6 policy-based-route to create an IPv6 policy node and enter its view, or enter the view of an existing IPv6 policy node.

Use undo ipv6 policy-based-route to delete an IPv6 policy or IPv6 policy node.

Syntax

ipv6 policy-based-route policy-name [ deny | permit ] node node-number

undo ipv6 policy-based-route policy-name [ deny | node node-number | permit ]

Default

No IPv6 policy nodes exist.

Views

System view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

Parameters

policy-name: Specifies a policy name, a case-sensitive string of 1 to 19 characters.

deny: Specifies the match mode for the policy node as deny.

permit: Specifies the match mode for the policy node as permit (default mode).

node node-number: Specifies the number of the IPv6 policy node. A smaller number has a higher priority.

Usage guidelines

To delete an IPv6 policy that has already applied to an interface, you must delete the policy from the interface first.

If a policy node is specified, the undo ipv6 policy-based-route command deletes the specified policy node. If a match mode is specified, the command deletes all nodes configured with the match mode. If no node is specified, the command deletes the whole policy.

Examples

# Create permit-mode Node 10 for IPv6 policy aaa and enter its view.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] ipv6 policy-based-route aaa permit node 10

[Sysname-pbr6-aaa-10]

Related commands

display ipv6 policy-based-route

reset ipv6 policy-based-route statistics

Use reset ipv6 policy-based-route statistics to clear IPv6 PBR statistics.

Syntax

reset ipv6 policy-based-route statistics [ policy policy-name ]

Views

User view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

Parameters

policy policy-name: Specifies a policy by its name, a case-sensitive string of 1 to 19 characters. If you do not specify a policy, this command clears IPv6 PBR statistics for all policies.

Examples

# Clear all IPv6 PBR statistics.

<Sysname> reset ipv6 policy-based-route statistics

Related commands

display ipv6 policy-based-route interface

display ipv6 policy-based-route local

snmp-agent trap enable ipv6 policy-based-route

Use snmp-agent trap enable ipv6 policy-based-route to enable SNMP notifications for IPv6 PBR.

Use undo snmp-agent trap enable ipv6 policy-based-route to disable SNMP notifications for IPv6 PBR.

Syntax

snmp-agent trap enable ipv6 policy-based-route

undo snmp-agent trap enable ipv6 policy-based-route

Default

SNMP notifications are enabled for IPv6 PBR.

Views

System view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

Usage guidelines

After you enable this feature, IPv6 PBR can generate notifications and send them to the SNMP module when the next hop becomes invalid. For the IPv6 PBR notifications to be sent correctly, you must also configure SNMP on the device. For more information about configuring SNMP, see the network management and monitoring configuration guide for the device.

Examples

# Enable SNMP notifications for IPv6 PBR.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] snmp-agent trap enable ipv6 policy-based-route