10-High Availability Configuration Guide

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03-RRPP configuration
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Configuring RRPP

Overview

Metropolitan area networks (MANs) and enterprise networks typically use the ring topology to improve reliability. However, services will be interrupted if any node in the ring network fails. A ring network typically uses RPR or Ethernet rings. RPR is high in cost because it needs dedicated hardware. In contrast, the Ethernet ring technology is more mature and economical, so it is more and more popular in MANs and enterprise networks.

The Rapid Ring Protection Protocol (RRPP) is a link layer protocol designed for Ethernet rings. RRPP can prevent broadcast storms caused by data loops when an Ethernet ring is healthy. RRPP can also rapidly restore the communication paths between the nodes when a link is disconnected on the ring. The convergence time of RRPP is independent of the number of nodes in the Ethernet ring. RRPP is applicable to large-diameter networks.

Basic RRPP concepts

Figure 1 shows a typical RRPP network with two Ethernet rings and multiple nodes. RRPP detects ring status and sends topology change information by exchanging Rapid Ring Protection Protocol Data Units (RRPPDUs) among the nodes.

Figure 1 RRPP networking diagram

 

RRPP domain

An RRPP domain is uniquely identified by a domain ID. The interconnected devices with the same domain ID and control VLANs constitute an RRPP domain. An RRPP domain contains the following elements:

·          Primary ring and subring.

·          Control VLAN.

·          Master node, transit node, edge node, and assistant edge node.

·          Primary port, secondary port, common port, and edge port.

As shown in Figure 1, Domain 1 is an RRPP domain, containing two RRPP rings: Ring 1 and Ring 2. All the nodes on the two RRPP rings belong to the RRPP domain.

RRPP ring

A ring-shaped Ethernet topology is called an RRPP ring. RRPP rings include primary rings and subrings. You can configure a ring as either the primary ring or a subring by specifying its ring level. The primary ring is of level 0, and a subring is of level 1. An RRPP domain contains one or multiple RRPP rings, one serving as the primary ring and the others serving as subrings. A ring can be in one of the following states:

·          Health state—All physical links on the Ethernet ring are connected.

·          Disconnect state—Some physical links on the Ethernet ring are not connected.

As shown in Figure 1, Domain 1 contains two RRPP rings: Ring 1 and Ring 2. The level is set to 0 for Ring 1 and 1 for Ring 2. Ring 1 is configured as the primary ring, and Ring 2 is configured as a subring.

Control VLAN and protected VLAN

1.        Control VLAN

In an RRPP domain, a control VLAN is dedicated to transferring RRPPDUs. On a device, the ports accessing an RRPP ring belong to the control VLANs of the ring, and only these ports can join the control VLANs.

An RRPP domain is configured with the following control VLANs:

¡  One primary control VLAN, which is the control VLAN for the primary ring.

¡  One secondary control VLAN, which is the control VLAN for subrings.

After you specify a VLAN as the primary control VLAN, the system automatically configures the secondary control VLAN. The VLAN ID is the primary control VLAN ID plus one. All subrings in the same RRPP domain share the same secondary control VLAN. IP address configuration is prohibited on the control VLAN interfaces.

2.        Protected VLAN

A protected VLAN is dedicated to transferring data packets. Both RRPP ports and non-RRPP ports can be assigned to a protected VLAN.

Node

Each device on an RRPP ring is a node. The role of a node is configurable. RRPP has the following node roles:

·          Master node—Each ring has only one master node. The master node initiates the polling mechanism and determines the operations to be performed after a topology change.

·          Transit nodeOn the primary ring, transit nodes refer to all nodes except the master node. On the subring, transit nodes refer to all nodes except the master node and the nodes where the primary ring intersects with the subring. A transit node monitors the state of its directly connected RRPP links and notifies the master node of the link state changes, if any. Based on the link state changes, the master node determines the operations to be performed.

·          Edge node—A special node residing on both the primary ring and a subring at the same time. An edge node acts as a master node or transit node on the primary ring and as an edge node on the subring.

·          Assistant edge node—A special node residing on both the primary ring and a subring at the same time. An assistant edge node acts as a master node or transit node on the primary ring and as an assistant edge node on the subring. This node works in conjunction with the edge node to detect the integrity of the primary ring and to perform loop guard.

As shown in Figure 1, Ring 1 is the primary ring and Ring 2 is a subring. Device A is the master node of Ring 1. Device B, Device C, and Device D are the transit nodes of Ring 1. Device E is the master node of Ring 2, Device B is the edge node of Ring 2, and Device C is the assistant edge node of Ring 2.

Port

1.        Primary port and secondary port

Each master node or transit node has two ports connected to an RRPP ring, a primary port and a secondary port. You can determine the role of a port.

In terms of functionality, the primary port and the secondary port of a master node have the following differences:

¡  The primary port and the secondary port are designed to play the role of sending and receiving Hello packets, respectively.

¡  When an RRPP ring is in Health state, the secondary port logically denies protected VLANs and permits only the packets from the control VLANs.

¡  When an RRPP ring is in Disconnect state, the secondary port forwards packets from protected VLANs.

In terms of functionality, the primary port and the secondary port of a transit node are the same. Both are designed for transferring protocol packets and data packets over an RRPP ring.

As shown in Figure 1, Device A is the master node of Ring 1. Port 1 and Port 2 are the primary port and the secondary port of the master node on Ring 1, respectively. Device B, Device C, and Device D are the transit nodes of Ring 1. Their Port 1 and Port 2 are the primary port and the secondary port on Ring 1, respectively.

2.        Common port and edge port

The ports connecting the edge node and assistant edge node to the primary ring are common ports. The ports connecting the edge node and assistant edge node only to the subrings are edge ports. You can determine the role of a port.

As shown in Figure 1, Device B and Device C reside on Ring 1 and Ring 2. Device B's Port 1 and Port 2 and Device C's Port 1 and Port 2 access the primary ring, so they are common ports. Device B's Port 3 and Device C's Port 3 access only the subring, so they are edge ports.

RRPP ring group

To reduce Edge-Hello traffic, you can configure a group of subrings on the edge node or assistant edge node. You must configure a device as the edge node of these subrings, and another device as the assistant edge node of these subrings. Additionally, the subrings of the edge node and assistant edge node must connect to the same subring packet tunnels in major ring (SRPTs). Edge-Hello packets of the edge node of these subrings travel to the assistant edge node of these subrings over the same link.

An RRPP ring group configured on the edge node is an edge node RRPP ring group. An RRPP ring group configured on an assistant edge node is an assistant edge node RRPP ring group. Only one subring in an edge node RRPP ring group is allowed to send Edge-Hello packets.

RRPPDUs

RRPPDUs of subrings are transmitted as data packets in the primary ring, and RRPPDUs of the primary ring can only be transmitted within the primary ring.

Table 1 RRPPDU types and their functions

Type

Description

Hello

The master node initiates Hello packets (also known as Health packets) to detect the integrity of a ring in a network.

Link-Down

When a port on the transit node, edge node, or assistant edge node fails, the node initiates Link-Down packets to notify the master node of the disconnection of the ring.

Common-Flush-FDB

When an RRPP ring transits to Disconnect state, the master node initiates Common-Flush-FDB (FDB stands for Forwarding Database) packets. It uses the packets to instruct the transit nodes, edge nodes, and assistant edge nodes to update their own MAC address entries and ARP/ND entries.

Complete-Flush-FDB

When an RRPP ring transits to Health state, the master node initiates Complete-Flush-FDB packets for the following purposes:

·         Instruct the transit nodes, edge nodes, and assistant edge nodes to update their MAC address entries and ARP/ND entries.

·         Instruct the transit nodes to release temporarily blocked ports.

Major-Fault

The assistant edge node initiates Major-Fault packets to notify the edge node of SRPT failure when an SRPT between assistant edge node and edge node is disconnected.

 

RRPP timers

When RRPP determines the link state of an Ethernet ring, it uses the following timers:

·          Hello timerSpecifies the interval at which the master node sends Hello packets out of the primary port.

·          Fail timerSpecifies the maximum delay of Hello packets sent from the primary port to the secondary port of the master node. If the secondary port receives the Hello packets sent by the local master node before the Fail timer expires, the ring is in Health state. Otherwise, the ring transits to Disconnect state.

In an RRPP domain, a transit node learns the Fail timer value on the master node through the received Hello packets. This ensures that all nodes in the ring network have consistent Fail timer settings.

How RRPP works

Polling mechanism

The polling mechanism is used by the master node of an RRPP ring to examine the Health state of the ring network.

The master node sends Hello packets out of its primary port at the Hello interval. These Hello packets travel through each transit node on the ring in turn.

·          If the ring is complete, the secondary port of the master node receives Hello packets before the Fail timer expires. The master node keeps the secondary port blocked.

·          If the ring is disconnected, the secondary port of the master node fails to receive Hello packets before the Fail timer expires. The master node releases the secondary port from blocking protected VLANs. It sends Common-Flush-FDB packets to instruct all transit nodes to update their own MAC address entries and ARP/ND entries.

Load balancing

In a ring network, traffic from multiple VLANs might be transmitted at the same time. RRPP can implement load balancing by transmitting traffic from different VLANs along different paths.

You can configure multiple RRPP domains for a ring network. Each RRPP domain transmits the traffic from the specified VLANs (protected VLANs). Traffic from different VLANs can be transmitted according to different topologies in the ring network for load balancing.

As shown in Figure 6, Ring 1 is configured as the primary ring of Domain 1 and Domain 2, which are configured with different protected VLANs. Device A is the master node of Ring 1 in Domain 1. Device B is the master node of Ring 1 in Domain 2. With such configurations, traffic from different VLANs can be transmitted on different links for load balancing in the single-ring network.

Link down alarm mechanism

In an RRPP domain, when the transit node, edge node, or assistant edge node finds that any of its ports is down, it immediately sends Link-Down packets to the master node. When the master node receives a Link-Down packet, it takes the following actions:

·          Releases the secondary port from blocking protected VLANs.

·          Sends Common-Flush-FDB packets to instruct all the transit nodes, edge nodes, and assistant edge nodes to update their MAC address entries and ARP/ND entries.

After each node updates its own entries, traffic is switched to the normal link.

Ring recovery

When the ports in an RRPP domain on the transit nodes, edge nodes, or assistant edge nodes come up again, the ring is recovered. However, the master node might detect the ring recovery after a period of time. A temporary loop might arise in the protected VLAN during this period. As a result, a broadcast storm occurs.

To prevent such cases, non-master nodes block the ports immediately when they find the ports accessing the ring are brought up again. The nodes block only the packets from the protected VLAN, and they permit only the packets from the control VLAN to pass through. The blocked ports are activated only when the nodes determine that no loop will be generated by these ports.

Broadcast storm suppression mechanism in case of SRPT failure in a multi-homed subring

As shown in Figure 5, Ring 1 is the primary ring, and Ring 2 and Ring 3 are subrings. When the two SRPTs between the edge node and the assistant edge node are down, the master nodes of Ring 2 and Ring 3 will open their secondary ports. A loop is generated among Device B, Device C, Device E, and Device F, causing a broadcast storm.

To avoid generating a loop, the edge node will temporarily block the edge port. The blocked edge port is activated only when the edge node determines that no loop will be generated when the edge port is activated.

RRPP ring group

In an edge node RRPP ring group, only the activated subring with the smallest domain ID and ring ID can send Edge-Hello packets. In an assistant edge node RRPP ring group, any activated subring that has received Edge-Hello packets will forward these packets to the other activated subrings. When an edge node RRPP ring group and an assistant edge node RRPP ring group are configured, the CPU workload is reduced because of the following reasons:

·          Only one subring sends Edge-Hello packets on the edge node.

·          Only one subring receives Edge-Hello packets on the assistant edge node.

As shown in Figure 5, Device B is the edge node of Ring 2 and Ring 3. Device C is the assistant edge node of Ring 2 and Ring 3. Device B and Device C need to send or receive Edge-Hello packets frequently. If more subrings are configured or more domains are configured for load balancing, Device B and Device C will send or receive a large number of Edge-Hello packets.

To reduce Edge-Hello traffic, perform the following tasks:

·          Assign Ring 2 and Ring 3 to an RRPP ring group configured on the edge node Device B.

·          Assign Ring 2 and Ring 3 to an RRPP ring group configured on the assistant edge node Device C.

If all rings are activated, only Ring 2 on Device B sends Edge-Hello packets.

Typical RRPP networking

Single ring

As shown in Figure 2, only a single ring exists in the network topology. You need only define an RRPP domain.

Figure 2 Schematic diagram for a single-ring network

 

Tangent rings

As shown in Figure 3, two or more rings exist in the network topology and only one common node exists between rings. You must define an RRPP domain for each ring.

Figure 3 Schematic diagram for a tangent-ring network

 

Intersecting rings

As shown in Figure 4, two or more rings exist in the network topology and two common nodes exist between rings. You need only define an RRPP domain and configure one ring as the primary ring and the other rings as subrings.

Figure 4 Schematic diagram for an intersecting-ring network

 

Dual-homed rings

As shown in Figure 5, two or more rings exist in the network topology and two similar common nodes exist between rings. You need only define an RRPP domain and configure one ring as the primary ring and the other rings as subrings.

Figure 5 Schematic diagram for a dual-homed-ring network

 

Single-ring load balancing

In a single-ring network, you can achieve load balancing by configuring multiple domains.

As shown in Figure 6:

·          Ring 1 is configured as the primary ring of both Domain 1 and Domain 2.

·          Domain 1 and Domain 2 are configured with different protected VLANs.

·          In Domain 1, Device A is configured as the master node of Ring 1.

·          In Domain 2, Device B is configured as the master node of Ring 1.

Such configurations enable the ring to block different links based on VLANs and achieve single-ring load balancing.

Figure 6 Schematic diagram for a single-ring load balancing network

 

Intersecting-ring load balancing

In an intersecting-ring network, you can also achieve load balancing by configuring multiple domains.

As shown in Figure 7:

·          Ring 1 is the primary ring and Ring 2 is the subring in both Domain 1 and Domain 2.

·          Domain 1 and Domain 2 are configured with different protected VLANs.

·          Device A is configured as the master node of Ring 1 in Domain 1.

·          Device D is configured as the master node of Ring 1 in Domain 2.

·          Device E is configured as the master node of Ring 2 in both Domain 1 and Domain 2. However, different ports on Device E are blocked in Domain 1 and Domain 2.

With the configurations, you can enable traffic from different VLANs to travel over different paths in the subring and primary ring, achieving intersecting-ring load balancing.

Figure 7 Schematic diagram for an intersecting-ring load balancing network

 

Protocols and standards

RFC 3619, Extreme Networks' Ethernet Automatic Protection Switching (EAPS) Version 1.

RRPP configuration task list

You can configure RRPP in the following order:

·          Create RRPP domains based on service planning.

·          Specify control VLANs and protected VLANs for each RRPP domain.

·          Determine the ring roles and node roles based on the traffic paths in each RRPP domain.

RRPP does not have an auto election mechanism. You must configure each node in the ring network correctly for RRPP to monitor and protect the ring network.

Before you configure RRPP, you must physically construct a ring-shaped Ethernet topology.

To configure RRPP, perform the following tasks:

 

Tasks at a glance

Remarks

(Required.) Creating an RRPP domain

Perform this task on all nodes in the RRPP domain.

(Required.) Configuring control VLANs

Perform this task on all nodes in the RRPP domain.

(Required.) Configuring protected VLANs

Perform this task on all nodes in the RRPP domain.

(Required.) Configuring RRPP rings:

·         Configuring RRPP ports

·         Configuring RRPP nodes

Perform this task on all nodes in the RRPP domain.

Perform this task on all nodes in the RRPP domain.

(Required.) Activating an RRPP domain

Perform this task on all nodes in the RRPP domain.

(Optional.) Configuring RRPP timers

Perform this task on the master node in the RRPP domain.

(Optional.) Configuring an RRPP ring group

Perform this task on the edge node and assistant edge node in the RRPP domain.

 

Creating an RRPP domain

When you create an RRPP domain, specify a domain ID to uniquely identify the RRPP domain. All devices in the same RRPP domain must be configured with the same domain ID.

Perform this task on devices you want to configure as nodes in the RRPP domain.

To create an RRPP domain:

 

Step

Command

Remarks

1.       Enter system view.

system-view

N/A

2.       Create an RRPP domain and enter RRPP domain view.

rrpp domain domain-id

By default, no RRPP domain is created.

 

Configuring control VLANs

Before you configure RRPP rings in an RRPP domain, configure the same control VLANs for all nodes in the RRPP domain first. You need only configure the primary control VLAN for an RRPP domain. The system automatically configures the secondary control VLAN. It uses the primary control VLAN ID plus 1 as the secondary control VLAN ID. For the control VLAN configuration to succeed, make sure the IDs of the two control VLANs are consecutive and have not been previously assigned.

Follow these guidelines when you configure control VLANs:

·          Do not configure the default VLAN of a port accessing an RRPP ring as the control VLAN, and do not enable VLAN mapping on control VLANs. If you do, RRPPDUs cannot be correctly forwarded.

·          For features that use reserved VLAN interface resources to operate correctly, do not configure VLANs whose interface resources are reserved as the primary control VLAN and the secondary control VLAN. For more information about reserving VLAN interface resources, see Layer 2—LAN Switching Configuration Guide.

·          After you configure RRPP rings for an RRPP domain, you cannot delete or modify the primary control VLAN of the domain. You can only use the undo control-vlan command to delete a primary control VLAN.

·          To transparently transmit RRPPDUs on a device not configured with RRPP, make sure only the two ports accessing the RRPP ring permit packets from the control VLANs. Otherwise, the packets from other VLANs might enter the control VLANs in transparent transmission mode and strike the RRPP ring.

Perform this task on all nodes in the RRPP domain to be configured.

To configure control VLANs:

 

Step

Command

Remarks

1.       Enter system view.

system-view

N/A

2.       Enter RRPP domain view.

rrpp domain domain-id

N/A

3.       Configure the primary control VLAN for the RRPP domain.

control-vlan vlan-id

By default, no control VLAN exists in the RRPP domain.

 

Configuring protected VLANs

Before you configure RRPP rings in an RRPP domain, configure the same protected VLANs for all nodes in the RRPP domain. All VLANs to which the RRPP ports are assigned must be protected by the RRPP domains.

Protected VLANs are configured by referencing Multiple Spanning Tree Instances (MSTIs). The protected VLAN configuration method varies by the spanning tree mode:

·          In STP, RSTP, or MSTP mode, you must manually configure the mappings between VLANs and MSTIs.

·          In PVST mode, the device automatically maps each VLAN to an MSTI. When the spanning tree protocol is disabled globally, all VLANs are automatically mapped to MSTI 0.

For more information about spanning tree, see Layer 2—LAN Switching Configuration Guide.

 

IMPORTANT

IMPORTANT:

When you configure load balancing, you must configure different protected VLANs for different RRPP domains.

 

Perform this task on all nodes in the RRPP domain to be configured.

To configure protected VLANs:

 

Step

Command

Remarks

1.       Enter system view.

system-view

N/A

2.       Enter MST region view.

stp region-configuration

Not required if the device is operating in PVST mode.

For more information about the command, see Layer 2—LAN Switching Command Reference.

3.       Configure the VLAN-to-instance mapping table.

·         Method 1:
instance
instance-id vlan vlan-id-list

·         Method 2:
vlan-mapping modulo modulo

Use either method.

By default, all VLANs in an MST region are mapped to MSTI 0 (the CIST).

Not required if the device is operating in PVST mode.

For more information about the commands, see Layer 2—LAN Switching Command Reference.

4.       Activate MST region configuration.

active region-configuration

Not required if the device is operating in PVST mode.

For more information about the command, see Layer 2—LAN Switching Command Reference.

5.       (Optional.) Display the currently activated configuration information of the MST region.

display stp region-configuration

Available in any view.

The output of the command includes VLAN-to-instance mappings.

For more information about the command, see Layer 2—LAN Switching Command Reference.

6.       Return to system view.

quit

Not required if the device is operating in PVST mode.

7.       Enter RRPP domain view.

rrpp domain domain-id

N/A

8.       Configure protected VLANs for the RRPP domain.

protected-vlan reference-instance instance-id-list

By default, no protected VLAN is configured for an RRPP domain.

 

Configuring RRPP rings

When you configure an RRPP ring, you must configure the ports connecting each node to the RRPP ring before configuring the nodes.

Configuring RRPP ports

Follow these guidelines when you configure RRPP ports:

·          Do not enable the OAM remote loopback function on an RRPP port. Otherwise, temporary broadcast storms might occur.

·          To accelerate topology convergence, use the link-delay command to enable link status rapid report function on an RRPP port. Use this command (or the undo link-delay command, depending on the device model) to set the physical state change suppression interval to 0 seconds. For more information about the link-delay command (or the undo link-delay command), see Layer 2—LAN Switching Command Reference.

Perform this task on each node's ports intended for accessing RRPP rings.

To configure RRPP ports:

 

Step

Command

Remarks

1.       Enter system view.

system-view

N/A

2.       Enter Layer 2 Ethernet interface view or Layer 2 aggregate interface view.

interface interface-type interface-number

N/A

3.       Configure the link type of the interface as trunk.

port link-type trunk

By default, the link type of an interface is access.

For more information about the command, see Layer 2—LAN Switching Command Reference.

4.       Assign the trunk port to the protected VLANs of the RRPP domain.

port trunk permit vlan { vlan-id-list | all }

By default, a trunk port allows only packets from VLAN 1 to pass through.

RRPP ports always allow packets from the control VLANs to pass through.

For more information about the command, see Layer 2—LAN Switching Command Reference.

5.       Disable the spanning tree feature.

undo stp enable

By default, the spanning tree feature is enabled.

For more information about the command, see Layer 2—LAN Switching Command Reference.

 

Configuring RRPP nodes

A maximum of 128 rings can be configured on a device in all RRPP domains.

If a device carries multiple RRPP rings in an RRPP domain, it can only be an edge node or an assistant edge node on a subring.

Specifying a master node

Step

Command

Remarks

1.       Enter system view.

system-view

N/A

2.       Enter RRPP domain view.

rrpp domain domain-id

N/A

3.       Specify the current device as the master node of the ring, and specify the primary port and the secondary port.

ring ring-id node-mode master [ primary-port interface-type interface-number ] [ secondary-port interface-type interface-number ] level level-value

By default, the device is not a node of the RRPP ring.

 

Specifying a transit node

Step

Command

Remarks

1.       Enter system view.

system-view

N/A

2.       Enter RRPP domain view.

rrpp domain domain-id

N/A

3.       Specify the current device as a transit node of the ring, and specify the primary port and the secondary port.

ring ring-id node-mode transit [ primary-port interface-type interface-number ] [ secondary-port interface-type interface-number ] level level-value

By default, the device is not a node of the RRPP ring.

 

Specifying an edge node

When you configure an edge node, you must configure the primary ring before configuring the subrings.

To specify an edge node:

 

Step

Command

Remarks

1.       Enter system view.

system-view

N/A

2.       Enter RRPP domain view.

rrpp domain domain-id

N/A

3.       Specify the current device as a master node or transit node of the primary ring, and specify the primary port and the secondary port.

ring ring-id node-mode { master | transit } [ primary-port interface-type interface-number ] [ secondary-port interface-type interface-number ] level level-value

By default, the device is not a node of the RRPP ring.

4.       Specify the current device as the edge node of a subring, and specify the edge port.

ring ring-id node-mode edge [ edge-port interface-type interface-number ]

By default, the device is not a node of the RRPP ring.

 

Specifying an assistant edge node

When you configure an assistant edge node, you must configure the primary ring before configuring the subrings.

To specify an assistant edge node:

 

Step

Command

Remarks

1.       Enter system view.

system-view

N/A

2.       Enter RRPP domain view.

rrpp domain domain-id

N/A

3.       Specify the current device as a master node or transit node of the primary ring, and specify the primary port and the secondary port.

ring ring-id node-mode { master | transit } [ primary-port interface-type interface-number ] [ secondary-port interface-type interface-number ] level level-value

By default, the device is not a node of the RRPP ring.

4.       Specify the current device as the assistant edge node of the subring, and specify an edge port.

ring ring-id node-mode assistant-edge [ edge-port interface-type interface-number ]

By default, the device is not a node of the RRPP ring.

 

Activating an RRPP domain

Before you activate an RRPP domain on the current device, enable the RRPP protocol and RRPP rings for the RRPP domain on the current device.

Follow these guidelines when you activate an RRPP domain:

·          Before you enable subrings on a device, you must enable the primary ring. Before you disable the primary ring on the device, you must disable all subrings. Otherwise, the system displays error prompts.

·          To prevent Hello packets of subrings from being looped on the primary ring, enable the primary ring on its master node first. Then enable the subrings on their separate master nodes.

Perform this task on all nodes in the RRPP domain.

To activate an RRPP domain:

 

Step

Command

Remarks

1.       Enter system view.

system-view

N/A

2.       Enable RRPP.

rrpp enable

By default, RRPP is disabled.

3.       Enter RRPP domain view.

rrpp domain domain-id

N/A

4.       Enable the specified RRPP ring.

ring ring-id enable

By default, an RRPP ring is disabled.

 

Configuring RRPP timers

The Fail timer must be greater than or equal to three times the Hello timer.

In a dual-homed-ring network, make sure the difference between the Fail timer values on the master node of the subring and the master node of the primary ring is greater than twice the Hello timer value on the master node of the subring. Otherwise, temporary loops might occur when the primary ring fails.

Perform this task on the master node of an RRPP domain.

To configure RRPP timers:

 

Step

Command

Remarks

1.       Enter system view.

system-view

N/A

2.       Enter RRPP domain view.

rrpp domain domain-id

N/A

3.       Set the Hello timer and Fail timer for the RRPP domain.

timer hello-timer hello-value fail-timer fail-value

By default, the Hello timer value is 1 second and the Fail timer value is 3 seconds.

 

Configuring an RRPP ring group

To reduce Edge-Hello traffic, assign subrings with the same edge node and assistant edge node to an RRPP ring group. An RRPP ring group must be configured on both the edge node and the assistant edge node. It can only be configured on these two types of nodes.

Follow these guidelines when you configure an RRPP ring group:

·          You can assign a subring to only one RRPP ring group. The RRPP ring groups configured on the edge node and the assistant edge node must contain the same subrings. Otherwise, the RRPP ring group cannot operate correctly.

·          The subrings in an RRPP ring group must share the same edge node and assistant edge node. The edge node and the assistant edge node must have the same SRPTs.

·          Make sure a device is either the edge node or the assistant edge node on the subrings in an RRPP ring group.

·          Make sure the RRPP ring groups on the edge node and the assistant edge node have the same configurations and activation status.

·          Make sure all subrings in an RRPP ring group have the same SRPTs. If the SRPTs of these subrings are different, the RRPP ring group cannot operate correctly.

Perform this task on both the edge node and the assistant edge node in an RRPP domain.

To configure an RRPP ring group:

 

Step

Command

Remarks

1.       Enter system view.

system-view

N/A

2.       Create an RRPP ring group and enter RRPP ring group view.

rrpp ring-group ring-group-id

By default, no RRPP ring group is created.

3.       Assign the specified subrings to the RRPP ring group.

domain domain-id ring ring-id-list

By default, no subrings are assigned to an RRPP ring group.

 

Displaying and maintaining RRPP

Execute display commands in any view and reset commands in user view.

 

Task

Command

Display brief RRPP information.

display rrpp brief

Display RRPP group configuration information.

display rrpp ring-group [ ring-group-id ]

Display RRPPDU statistics.

display rrpp statistics domain domain-id [ ring ring-id ]

Display detailed RRPP information.

display rrpp verbose domain domain-id [ ring ring-id ]

Clear RRPPDU statistics.

reset rrpp statistics domain domain-id [ ring ring-id ]

 

RRPP configuration examples

Single ring configuration example

Network requirements

As shown in Figure 8:

·          Device A, Device B, Device C, and Device D form RRPP domain 1. Specify the primary control VLAN of RRPP domain 1 as VLAN 4092. Specify the protected VLANs of RRPP domain 1 as VLANs 1 through 30.

·          Device A, Device B, Device C, and Device D form primary ring 1.

·          Specify Device A as the master node of primary ring 1, FortyGigE 1/0/1 as the primary port, and FortyGigE 1/0/2 as the secondary port.

·          Specify Device B, Device C, and Device D as the transit nodes of primary ring 1. Specify FortyGigE 1/0/1 as the primary port and FortyGigE 1/0/2 as the secondary port on Device B, Device C, and Device D.

Figure 8 Network diagram

 

Configuration procedure

1.        Configure Device A:

# Create VLANs 1 through 30.

<DeviceA> system-view

[DeviceA] vlan 1 to 30

# Map these VLANs to MSTI 1.

[DeviceA] stp region-configuration

[DeviceA-mst-region] instance 1 vlan 1 to 30

# Activate the MST region configuration.

[DeviceA-mst-region] active region-configuration

[DeviceA-mst-region] quit

# Set the physical state change suppression interval to 0 seconds on FortyGigE 1/0/1.

[DeviceA] interface fortygige 1/0/1

[DeviceA-FortyGigE1/0/1] link-delay 0

# Disable the spanning tree feature on the port.

[DeviceA-FortyGigE1/0/1] undo stp enable

# Configure the port as a trunk port.

[DeviceA-FortyGigE1/0/1] port link-type trunk

# Assign the port to VLANs 1 through 30.

[DeviceA-FortyGigE1/0/1] port trunk permit vlan 1 to 30

[DeviceA-FortyGigE1/0/1] quit

# Configure FortyGigE 1/0/2 in the same way FortyGigE 1/0/1 is configured.

[DeviceA] interface fortygige 1/0/2

[DeviceA-FortyGigE1/0/2] link-delay 0

[DeviceA-FortyGigE1/0/2] undo stp enable

[DeviceA-FortyGigE1/0/2] port link-type trunk

[DeviceA-FortyGigE1/0/2] port trunk permit vlan 1 to 30

[DeviceA-FortyGigE1/0/2] quit

# Create RRPP domain 1.

[DeviceA] rrpp domain 1

# Configure VLAN 4092 as the primary control VLAN of RRPP domain 1.

[DeviceA-rrpp-domain1] control-vlan 4092

# Configure the VLANs mapped to MSTI 1 as the protected VLANs of RRPP domain 1.

[DeviceA-rrpp-domain1] protected-vlan reference-instance 1

# Configure Device A as the master node of primary ring 1, with FortyGigE 1/0/1 as the primary port and FortyGigE 1/0/2 as the secondary port. Enable ring 1.

[DeviceA-rrpp-domain1] ring 1 node-mode master primary-port fortygige 1/0/1 secondary-port fortygige 1/0/2 level 0

[DeviceA-rrpp-domain1] ring 1 enable

[DeviceA-rrpp-domain1] quit

# Enable RRPP.

[DeviceA] rrpp enable

2.        Configure Device B:

# Create VLANs 1 through 30.

<DeviceB> system-view

[DeviceB] vlan 1 to 30

# Map these VLANs to MSTI 1.

[DeviceB] stp region-configuration

[DeviceB-mst-region] instance 1 vlan 1 to 30

# Activate the MST region configuration.

[DeviceB-mst-region] active region-configuration

[DeviceB-mst-region] quit

# Set the physical state change suppression interval to 0 seconds on FortyGigE 1/0/1.

[DeviceB] interface fortygige 1/0/1

[DeviceB-FortyGigE1/0/1] link-delay 0

# Disable the spanning tree feature on the port.

[DeviceB-FortyGigE1/0/1] undo stp enable

# Configure the port as a trunk port.

[DeviceB-FortyGigE1/0/1] port link-type trunk

# Assign the port to VLANs 1 through 30.

[DeviceB-FortyGigE1/0/1] port trunk permit vlan 1 to 30

[DeviceB-FortyGigE1/0/1] quit

# Configure FortyGigE 1/0/2 in the same way FortyGigE 1/0/1 is configured.

[DeviceB] interface fortygige 1/0/2

[DeviceB-FortyGigE1/0/2] link-delay 0

[DeviceB-FortyGigE1/0/2] undo stp enable

[DeviceB-FortyGigE1/0/2] port link-type trunk

[DeviceB-FortyGigE1/0/2] port trunk permit vlan 1 to 30

[DeviceB-FortyGigE1/0/2] quit

# Create RRPP domain 1.

[DeviceB] rrpp domain 1

# Configure VLAN 4092 as the primary control VLAN of RRPP domain 1.

[DeviceB-rrpp-domain1] control-vlan 4092

# Configure the VLANs mapped to MSTI 1 as the protected VLANs of RRPP domain 1.

[DeviceB-rrpp-domain1] protected-vlan reference-instance 1

# Configure Device B as the transit node of primary ring 1, with FortyGigE 1/0/1 as the primary port and FortyGigE 1/0/2 as the secondary port. Enable ring 1.

[DeviceB-rrpp-domain1] ring 1 node-mode transit primary-port fortygige 1/0/1 secondary-port fortygige 1/0/2 level 0

[DeviceB-rrpp-domain1] ring 1 enable

[DeviceB-rrpp-domain1] quit

# Enable RRPP.

[DeviceB] rrpp enable

3.        Configure Device C:

Configure Device C in the same way Device B is configured.

4.        Configure Device D:

Configure Device D in the same way Device B is configured.

Verifying the configuration

# Use the display commands to view RRPP configuration and operational information on each device.

Intersecting ring configuration example

Network requirements

As shown in Figure 9:

·          Device A, Device B, Device C, Device D, and Device E form RRPP domain 1. VLAN 4092 is the primary control VLAN of RRPP domain 1. RRPP domain 1 protects VLANs 1 through 30.

·          Device A, Device B, Device C, and Device D form primary ring 1. Device B, Device C, and Device E form subring 2.

·          Device A is the master node of primary ring 1, with FortyGigE 1/0/1 as the primary port and FortyGigE 1/0/2 the secondary port.

·          Device E is the master node of subring 2, with FortyGigE 1/0/1 as the primary port and FortyGigE 1/0/2 the secondary port.

·          Device B is the transit node of primary ring 1 and the edge node of subring 2, with FortyGigE 1/0/3 as the edge port.

·          Device C is the transit node of primary ring 1 and the assistant edge node of subring 1, with FortyGigE 1/0/3 as the edge port.

·          Device D is the transit node of primary ring 1, with FortyGigE 1/0/1 as the primary port and FortyGigE 1/0/2 the secondary port.

Figure 9 Network diagram

 

 

Configuration procedure

1.        Configure Device A:

# Create VLANs 1 through 30.

<DeviceA> system-view

[DeviceA] vlan 1 to 30

# Map these VLANs to MSTI 1.

[DeviceA] stp region-configuration

[DeviceA-mst-region] instance 1 vlan 1 to 30

# Activate the MST region configuration.

[DeviceA-mst-region] active region-configuration

[DeviceA-mst-region] quit

# Set the physical state change suppression interval to 0 seconds on FortyGigE 1/0/1.

[DeviceA] interface fortygige 1/0/1

[DeviceA-FortyGigE1/0/1] link-delay 0

# Disable the spanning tree feature on the port.

[DeviceA-FortyGigE1/0/1] undo stp enable

# Configure the port as a trunk port.

[DeviceA-FortyGigE1/0/1] port link-type trunk

# Assign the port to VLANs 1 through 30.

[DeviceA-FortyGigE1/0/1] port trunk permit vlan 1 to 30

[DeviceA-FortyGigE1/0/1] quit

# Configure FortyGigE 1/0/2 in the same way FortyGigE 1/0/1 is configured.

[DeviceA] interface fortygige 1/0/2

[DeviceA-FortyGigE1/0/2] link-delay 0

[DeviceA-FortyGigE1/0/2] undo stp enable

[DeviceA-FortyGigE1/0/2] port link-type trunk

[DeviceA-FortyGigE1/0/2] port trunk permit vlan 1 to 30

[DeviceA-FortyGigE1/0/2] quit

# Create RRPP domain 1.

[DeviceA] rrpp domain 1

# Configure VLAN 4092 as the primary control VLAN of RRPP domain 1.

[DeviceA-rrpp-domain1] control-vlan 4092

# Configure the VLANs mapped to MSTI 1 as the protected VLANs of RRPP domain 1.

[DeviceA-rrpp-domain1] protected-vlan reference-instance 1

# Configure Device A as the master node of primary ring 1, with FortyGigE 1/0/1 as the primary port and FortyGigE 1/0/2 as the secondary port. Enable ring 1.

[DeviceA-rrpp-domain1] ring 1 node-mode master primary-port fortygige 1/0/1 secondary-port fortygige 1/0/2 level 0

[DeviceA-rrpp-domain1] ring 1 enable

[DeviceA-rrpp-domain1] quit

# Enable RRPP.

[DeviceA] rrpp enable

2.        Configure Device B:

# Create VLANs 1 through 30.

<DeviceB> system-view

[DeviceB] vlan 1 to 30

# Map these VLANs to MSTI 1.

[DeviceB] stp region-configuration

[DeviceB-mst-region] instance 1 vlan 1 to 30

# Activate the MST region configuration.

[DeviceB-mst-region] active region-configuration

[DeviceB-mst-region] quit

# Set the physical state change suppression interval to 0 seconds on FortyGigE 1/0/1.

[DeviceB] interface fortygige 1/0/1

[DeviceB-FortyGigE1/0/1] link-delay 0

# Disable the spanning tree feature on the port.

[DeviceB-FortyGigE1/0/1] undo stp enable

# Configure the port as a trunk port.

[DeviceB-FortyGigE1/0/1] port link-type trunk

# Assign the port to VLANs 1 through 30.

[DeviceB-FortyGigE1/0/1] port trunk permit vlan 1 to 30

[DeviceB-FortyGigE1/0/1] quit

# Configure FortyGigE 1/0/2 in the same way FortyGigE 1/0/1 is configured.

[DeviceB] interface fortygige 1/0/2

[DeviceB-FortyGigE1/0/2] link-delay 0

[DeviceB-FortyGigE1/0/2] undo stp enable

[DeviceB-FortyGigE1/0/2] port link-type trunk

[DeviceB-FortyGigE1/0/2] port trunk permit vlan 1 to 30

[DeviceB-FortyGigE1/0/2] quit

# Configure FortyGigE 1/0/3 in the same way FortyGigE 1/0/1 is configured.

[DeviceB] interface fortygige 1/0/3

[DeviceB-FortyGigE1/0/3] link-delay 0

[DeviceB-FortyGigE1/0/3] undo stp enable

[DeviceB-FortyGigE1/0/3] port link-type trunk

[DeviceB-FortyGigE1/0/3] port trunk permit vlan 1 to 30

[DeviceB-FortyGigE1/0/3] quit

# Create RRPP domain 1.

[DeviceB] rrpp domain 1

# Configure VLAN 4092 as the primary control VLAN of RRPP domain 1.

[DeviceB-rrpp-domain1] control-vlan 4092

# Configure the VLANs mapped to MSTI 1 as the protected VLANs of RRPP domain 1.

[DeviceB-rrpp-domain1] protected-vlan reference-instance 1

# Configure Device B as a transit node of primary ring 1, with FortyGigE 1/0/1 as the primary port and FortyGigE 1/0/2 as the secondary port. Enable ring 1.

[DeviceB-rrpp-domain1] ring 1 node-mode transit primary-port fortygige 1/0/1 secondary-port fortygige 1/0/2 level 0

[DeviceB-rrpp-domain1] ring 1 enable

# Configure Device B as the edge node of subring 2, with FortyGigE 1/0/3 as the edge port. Enable ring 2.

[DeviceB-rrpp-domain1] ring 2 node-mode edge edge-port fortygige 1/0/3

[DeviceB-rrpp-domain1] ring 2 enable

[DeviceB-rrpp-domain1] quit

# Enable RRPP.

[DeviceB] rrpp enable

3.        Configure Device C:

# Create VLANs 1 through 30.

<DeviceC> system-view

[DeviceC] vlan 1 to 30

# Map these VLANs to MSTI 1.

[DeviceC] stp region-configuration

[DeviceC-mst-region] instance 1 vlan 1 to 30

# Activate the MST region configuration.

[DeviceC-mst-region] active region-configuration

[DeviceC-mst-region] quit

# Set the physical state change suppression interval to 0 seconds on FortyGigE 1/0/1.

[DeviceC] interface fortygige 1/0/1

[DeviceC-FortyGigE1/0/1] link-delay 0

# Disable the spanning tree feature on the port.

[DeviceC-FortyGigE1/0/1] undo stp enable

# Configure the port as a trunk port.

[DeviceC-FortyGigE1/0/1] port link-type trunk

# Assign the port to VLANs 1 through 30.

[DeviceC-FortyGigE1/0/1] port trunk permit vlan 1 to 30

[DeviceC-FortyGigE1/0/1] quit

# Configure FortyGigE 1/0/2 in the same way FortyGigE 1/0/1 is configured.

[DeviceC] interface fortygige 1/0/2

[DeviceC-FortyGigE1/0/2] link-delay 0

[DeviceC-FortyGigE1/0/2] undo stp enable

[DeviceC-FortyGigE1/0/2] port link-type trunk

[DeviceC-FortyGigE1/0/2] port trunk permit vlan 1 to 30

[DeviceC-FortyGigE1/0/2] quit

# Configure FortyGigE 1/0/3 in the same way FortyGigE 1/0/1 is configured.

[DeviceC] interface fortygige 1/0/3

[DeviceC-FortyGigE1/0/3] link-delay 0

[DeviceC-FortyGigE1/0/3] undo stp enable

[DeviceC-FortyGigE1/0/3] port link-type trunk

[DeviceC-FortyGigE1/0/3] port trunk permit vlan 1 to 30

[DeviceC-FortyGigE1/0/3] quit

# Create RRPP domain 1.

[DeviceC] rrpp domain 1

# Configure VLAN 4092 as the primary control VLAN of RRPP domain 1.

[DeviceC-rrpp-domain1] control-vlan 4092

# Configure the VLANs mapped to MSTI 1 as the protected VLANs of RRPP domain 1.

[DeviceC-rrpp-domain1] protected-vlan reference-instance 1

# Configure Device C as a transit node of primary ring 1, with FortyGigE 1/0/1 as the primary port and FortyGigE 1/0/2 as the secondary port. Enable ring 1.

[DeviceC-rrpp-domain1] ring 1 node-mode transit primary-port fortygige 1/0/1 secondary-port fortygige 1/0/2 level 0

[DeviceC-rrpp-domain1] ring 1 enable

# Configure Device C as the assistant edge node of subring 2, with FortyGigE 1/0/3 as the edge port. Enable ring 2.

[DeviceC-rrpp-domain1] ring 2 node-mode assistant-edge edge-port fortygige 1/0/3

[DeviceC-rrpp-domain1] ring 2 enable

[DeviceC-rrpp-domain1] quit

# Enable RRPP.

[DeviceC] rrpp enable

4.        Configure Device D:

# Create VLANs 1 through 30.

<DeviceD> system-view

[DeviceD] vlan 1 to 30

# Map these VLANs to MSTI 1.

[DeviceD] stp region-configuration

[DeviceD-mst-region] instance 1 vlan 1 to 30

# Activate the MST region configuration.

[DeviceD-mst-region] active region-configuration

[DeviceD-mst-region] quit

# Set the physical state change suppression interval to 0 seconds on FortyGigE 1/0/1.

[DeviceD] interface fortygige 1/0/1

[DeviceD-FortyGigE1/0/1] link-delay 0

# Disable the spanning tree feature on the port.

[DeviceD-FortyGigE1/0/1] undo stp enable

# Configure the port as a trunk port.

[DeviceD-FortyGigE1/0/1] port link-type trunk

# Assign the port to VLANs 1 through 30.

[DeviceD-FortyGigE1/0/1] port trunk permit vlan 1 to 30

[DeviceD-FortyGigE1/0/1] quit

# Configure FortyGigE 1/0/2 in the same way FortyGigE 1/0/1 is configured.

[DeviceD] interface fortygige 1/0/2

[DeviceD-FortyGigE1/0/2] link-delay 0

[DeviceD-FortyGigE1/0/2] undo stp enable

[DeviceD-FortyGigE1/0/2] port link-type trunk

[DeviceD-FortyGigE1/0/2] port trunk permit vlan 1 to 30

[DeviceD-FortyGigE1/0/2] quit

# Create RRPP domain 1.

[DeviceD] rrpp domain 1

# Configure VLAN 4092 as the primary control VLAN of RRPP domain 1.

[DeviceD-rrpp-domain1] control-vlan 4092

# Configure the VLANs mapped to MSTI 1 as the protected VLANs of RRPP domain 1.

[DeviceD-rrpp-domain1] protected-vlan reference-instance 1

# Configure Device D as the transit node of primary ring 1, with FortyGigE 1/0/1 as the primary port and FortyGigE 1/0/2 as the secondary port. Enable ring 1.

[DeviceD-rrpp-domain1] ring 1 node-mode transit primary-port fortygige 1/0/1 secondary-port fortygige 1/0/2 level 0

[DeviceD-rrpp-domain1] ring 1 enable

[DeviceD-rrpp-domain1] quit

# Enable RRPP.

[DeviceD] rrpp enable

5.        Configure Device E:

# Create VLANs 1 through 30.

<DeviceE> system-view

[DeviceE] vlan 1 to 30

# Map these VLANs to MSTI 1.

[DeviceE] stp region-configuration

[DeviceE-mst-region] instance 1 vlan 1 to 30

# Activate the MST region configuration.

[DeviceE-mst-region] active region-configuration

[DeviceE-mst-region] quit

# Set the physical state change suppression interval to 0 seconds on FortyGigE 1/0/1.

[DeviceE] interface fortygige 1/0/1

[DeviceE-FortyGigE1/0/1] link-delay 0

# Disable the spanning tree feature on the port.

[DeviceE-FortyGigE1/0/1] undo stp enable

# Configure the port as a trunk port.

[DeviceE-FortyGigE1/0/1] port link-type trunk

# Assign the port to VLANs 1 through 30.

[DeviceE-FortyGigE1/0/1] port trunk permit vlan 1 to 30

[DeviceE-FortyGigE1/0/1] quit

# Configure FortyGigE 1/0/2 in the same way FortyGigE 1/0/1 is configured.

[DeviceE] interface fortygige 1/0/2

[DeviceE-FortyGigE1/0/2] link-delay 0

[DeviceE-FortyGigE1/0/2] undo stp enable

[DeviceE-FortyGigE1/0/2] port link-type trunk

[DeviceE-FortyGigE1/0/2] port trunk permit vlan 1 to 30

[DeviceE-FortyGigE1/0/2] quit

# Create RRPP domain 1.

[DeviceE] rrpp domain 1

# Configure VLAN 4092 as the primary control VLAN of RRPP domain 1.

[DeviceE-rrpp-domain1] control-vlan 4092

# Configure the VLANs mapped to MSTI 1 as the protected VLANs of RRPP domain 1.

[DeviceE-rrpp-domain1] protected-vlan reference-instance 1

# Configure Device E as the master node of subring 2, with FortyGigE 1/0/1 as the primary port and FortyGigE 1/0/2 as the secondary port. Enable ring 2.

[DeviceE-rrpp-domain1] ring 2 node-mode master primary-port fortygige 1/0/1 secondary-port fortygige 1/0/2 level 1

[DeviceE-rrpp-domain1] ring 2 enable

[DeviceE-rrpp-domain1] quit

# Enable RRPP.

[DeviceE] rrpp enable

Verifying the configuration

# Use the display commands to view RRPP configuration and operational information on each device.

Load-balanced intersecting-ring configuration example

Network requirements

As shown in Figure 10:

·          Device A, Device B, Device C, Device D, and Device F form RRPP domain 1. VLAN 100 is the primary control VLAN of the RRPP domain. Device A is the master node of the primary ring, Ring 1. Device D is the transit node of Ring 1. Device F is the master node of the subring Ring 3. Device C is the edge node of the subring Ring 3. Device B is the assistant edge node of the subring Ring 3.

·          Device A, Device B, Device C, Device D, and Device E form RRPP domain 2. VLAN 105 is the primary control VLAN of the RRPP domain. Device A is the master node of the primary ring, Ring 1. Device D is the transit node of Ring 1. Device E is the master node of the subring Ring 2. Device C is the edge node of the subring Ring 2. Device B is the assistant edge node of the subring Ring 2.

·          Specify VLAN 11 as the protected VLAN of domain 1, and VLAN 12 the protected VLAN of domain 2. You can implement VLAN-based load balancing on Ring 1.

·          Ring 2 and Ring 3 have the same edge node and assistant edge node, and the two subrings have the same SRPTs. You can add Ring 2 and Ring 3 to an RRPP ring group to reduce Edge-Hello traffic.

Figure 10 Network diagram

 

Configuration procedure

1.        Configure Device A:

# Create VLANs 11 and 12.

<DeviceA> system-view

[DeviceA] vlan 11 to 12

# Map VLAN 11 to MSTI 1 and VLAN 12 to MSTI 2.

[DeviceA] stp region-configuration

[DeviceA-mst-region] instance 1 vlan 11

[DeviceA-mst-region] instance 2 vlan 12

# Activate the MST region configuration.

[DeviceA-mst-region] active region-configuration

[DeviceA-mst-region] quit

# Set the physical state change suppression interval to 0 seconds on FortyGigE 1/0/1.

[DeviceA] interface fortygige 1/0/1

[DeviceA-FortyGigE1/0/1] link-delay 0

# Disable the spanning tree feature on the port.

[DeviceA-FortyGigE1/0/1] undo stp enable

# Configure the port as a trunk port.

[DeviceA-FortyGigE1/0/1] port link-type trunk

# Remove the port from VLAN 1, and assign it to VLANs 11 and 12.

[DeviceA-FortyGigE1/0/1] undo port trunk permit vlan 1

[DeviceA-FortyGigE1/0/1] port trunk permit vlan 11 12

# Configure VLAN 11 as the default VLAN.

[DeviceA-FortyGigE1/0/1] port trunk pvid vlan 11

[DeviceA-FortyGigE1/0/1] quit

# Configure FortyGigE 1/0/2 in the same way FortyGigE 1/0/1 is configured.

[DeviceA] interface fortygige 1/0/2

[DeviceA-FortyGigE1/0/2] link-delay 0

[DeviceA-FortyGigE1/0/2] undo stp enable

[DeviceA-FortyGigE1/0/2] port link-type trunk

[DeviceA-FortyGigE1/0/2] undo port trunk permit vlan 1

[DeviceA-FortyGigE1/0/2] port trunk permit vlan 11 12

[DeviceA-FortyGigE1/0/2] port trunk pvid vlan 11

[DeviceA-FortyGigE1/0/2] quit

# Create RRPP domain 1.

[DeviceA] rrpp domain 1

# Configure VLAN 100 as the primary control VLAN of RRPP domain 1.

[DeviceA-rrpp-domain1] control-vlan 100

# Configure the VLAN mapped to MSTI 1 as the protected VLAN of RRPP domain 1.

[DeviceA-rrpp-domain1] protected-vlan reference-instance 1

# Configure Device A as the master node of primary ring 1, with FortyGigE 1/0/1 as the primary port and FortyGigE 1/0/2 as the secondary port. Enable ring 1.

[DeviceA-rrpp-domain1] ring 1 node-mode master primary-port fortygige 1/0/1 secondary-port fortygige 1/0/2 level 0

[DeviceA-rrpp-domain1] ring 1 enable

[DeviceA-rrpp-domain1] quit

# Create RRPP domain 2.

[DeviceA] rrpp domain 2

# Configure VLAN 105 as the primary control VLAN of RRPP domain 2.

[DeviceA-rrpp-domain2] control-vlan 105

# Configure the VLAN mapped to MSTI 2 as the protected VLAN of RRPP domain 2.

[DeviceA-rrpp-domain2] protected-vlan reference-instance 2

# Configure Device A as the master node of primary ring 1, with FortyGigE 1/0/2 as the master port and FortyGigE 1/0/1 as the secondary port. Enable ring 1.

[DeviceA-rrpp-domain2] ring 1 node-mode master primary-port fortygige 1/0/2 secondary-port fortygige 1/0/1 level 0

[DeviceA-rrpp-domain2] ring 1 enable

[DeviceA-rrpp-domain2] quit

# Enable RRPP.

[DeviceA] rrpp enable

2.        Configure Device B:

# Create VLANs 11 and 12.

<DeviceB> system-view

[DeviceB] vlan 11 to 12

# Map VLAN 11 to MSTI 1 and VLAN 12 to MSTI 2.

[DeviceB] stp region-configuration

[DeviceB-mst-region] instance 1 vlan 11

[DeviceB-mst-region] instance 2 vlan 12

# Activate the MST region configuration.

[DeviceB-mst-region] active region-configuration

[DeviceB-mst-region] quit

# Set the physical state change suppression interval to 0 seconds on FortyGigE 1/0/1.

[DeviceB] interface fortygige 1/0/1

[DeviceB-FortyGigE1/0/1] link-delay 0

# Disable the spanning tree feature on the port.

[DeviceB-FortyGigE1/0/1] undo stp enable

# Configure the port as a trunk port.

[DeviceB-FortyGigE1/0/1] port link-type trunk

# Remove the port from VLAN 1, and assign it to VLANs 11 and 12.

[DeviceB-FortyGigE1/0/1] undo port trunk permit vlan 1

[DeviceB-FortyGigE1/0/1] port trunk permit vlan 11 12

# Configure VLAN 11 as the default VLAN.

[DeviceB-FortyGigE1/0/1] port trunk pvid vlan 11

[DeviceB-FortyGigE1/0/1] quit

# Configure FortyGigE 1/0/2 in the same way FortyGigE 1/0/1 is configured.

[DeviceB] interface fortygige 1/0/2

[DeviceB-FortyGigE1/0/2] link-delay 0

[DeviceB-FortyGigE1/0/2] undo stp enable

[DeviceB-FortyGigE1/0/2] port link-type trunk

[DeviceB-FortyGigE1/0/2] undo port trunk permit vlan 1

[DeviceB-FortyGigE1/0/2] port trunk permit vlan 11 12

[DeviceB-FortyGigE1/0/2] port trunk pvid vlan 11

[DeviceB-FortyGigE1/0/2] quit

# Set the physical state change suppression interval to 0 seconds on FortyGigE 1/0/3.

[DeviceB] interface fortygige 1/0/3

[DeviceB-FortyGigE1/0/3] link-delay 0

# Disable the spanning tree feature on the port.

[DeviceB-FortyGigE1/0/3] undo stp enable

# Configure the port as a trunk port.

[DeviceB-FortyGigE1/0/3] port link-type trunk

# Remove the port from VLAN 1, and assign it to VLAN 12.

[DeviceB-FortyGigE1/0/3] undo port trunk permit vlan 1

[DeviceB-FortyGigE1/0/3] port trunk permit vlan 12

# Configure VLAN 12 as the default VLAN.

[DeviceB-FortyGigE1/0/3] port trunk pvid vlan 12

[DeviceB-FortyGigE1/0/3] quit

# Set the physical state change suppression interval to 0 seconds on FortyGigE 1/0/4.

[DeviceB] interface fortygige 1/0/4

[DeviceB-FortyGigE1/0/4] link-delay 0

# Disable the spanning tree feature on the port.

[DeviceB-FortyGigE1/0/4] undo stp enable

# Configure the port as a trunk port.

[DeviceB-FortyGigE1/0/4] port link-type trunk

# Remove the port from VLAN 1, and assign it to VLAN 11.

[DeviceB-FortyGigE1/0/4] undo port trunk permit vlan 1

[DeviceB-FortyGigE1/0/4] port trunk permit vlan 11

# Configure VLAN 11 as the default VLAN.

[DeviceB-FortyGigE1/0/4] port trunk pvid vlan 11

[DeviceB-FortyGigE1/0/4] quit

# Create RRPP domain 1.

[DeviceB] rrpp domain 1

# Configure VLAN 100 as the primary control VLAN of RRPP domain 1.

[DeviceB-rrpp-domain1] control-vlan 100

# Configure the VLAN mapped to MSTI 1 as the protected VLAN of RRPP domain 1.

[DeviceB-rrpp-domain1] protected-vlan reference-instance 1

# Configure Device B as a transit node of primary ring 1 in RRPP domain 1, with FortyGigE 1/0/1 as the primary port and FortyGigE 1/0/2 as the secondary port. Enable ring 1.

[DeviceB-rrpp-domain1] ring 1 node-mode transit primary-port fortygige 1/0/1 secondary-port fortygige 1/0/2 level 0

[DeviceB-rrpp-domain1] ring 1 enable

# Configure Device B as the assistant edge node of subring 3 in RRPP domain 1, with FortyGigE 1/0/4 as the edge port. Enable subring 3.

[DeviceB-rrpp-domain1] ring 3 node-mode assistant-edge edge-port fortygige 1/0/4

[DeviceB-rrpp-domain1] ring 3 enable

[DeviceB-rrpp-domain1] quit

# Create RRPP domain 2.

[DeviceB] rrpp domain 2

# Configure VLAN 105 as the primary control VLAN of RRPP domain 2.

[DeviceB-rrpp-domain2] control-vlan 105

# Configure the VLAN mapped to MSTI 2 as the protected VLAN of RRPP domain 2.

[DeviceB-rrpp-domain2] protected-vlan reference-instance 2

# Configure Device B as the transit node of primary ring 1, with FortyGigE 1/0/1 as the primary port and FortyGigE 1/0/2 as the secondary port. Enable ring 1.

[DeviceB-rrpp-domain2] ring 1 node-mode transit primary-port fortygige 1/0/1 secondary-port fortygige 1/0/2 level 0

[DeviceB-rrpp-domain2] ring 1 enable

# Configure Device B as the assistant edge node of subring 2 in RRPP domain 2, with FortyGigE 1/0/3 as the edge port. Enable subring 2.

[DeviceB-rrpp-domain2] ring 2 node-mode assistant-edge edge-port fortygige 1/0/3

[DeviceB-rrpp-domain2] ring 2 enable

[DeviceC-rrpp-domain2] quit

# Enable RRPP.

[DeviceB] rrpp enable

3.        Configure Device C:

# Create VLANs 11 and 12.

<DeviceC> system-view

[DeviceC] vlan 11 to 12

# Map VLAN 11 to MSTI 1 and VLAN 12 to MSTI 2.

[DeviceC] stp region-configuration

[DeviceC-mst-region] instance 1 vlan 11

[DeviceC-mst-region] instance 2 vlan 12

# Activate the MST region configuration.

[DeviceC-mst-region] active region-configuration

[DeviceC-mst-region] quit

# Set the physical state change suppression interval to 0 seconds on FortyGigE 1/0/1.

[DeviceC] interface fortygige 1/0/1

[DeviceC-FortyGigE1/0/1] link-delay 0

# Disable the spanning tree feature on the port.

[DeviceC-FortyGigE1/0/1] undo stp enable

# Configure the port as a trunk port.

[DeviceC-FortyGigE1/0/1] port link-type trunk

# Remove the port from VLAN 1, and assign it to VLANs 11 and 12.

[DeviceC-FortyGigE1/0/1] undo port trunk permit vlan 1

[DeviceC-FortyGigE1/0/1] port trunk permit vlan 11 12

# Configure VLAN 11 as the default VLAN.

[DeviceC-FortyGigE1/0/1] port trunk pvid vlan 11

[DeviceC-FortyGigE1/0/1] quit

# Configure FortyGigE 1/0/2 in the same way FortyGigE 1/0/1 is configured.

[DeviceC] interface fortygige 1/0/2

[DeviceC-FortyGigE1/0/2] link-delay 0

[DeviceC-FortyGigE1/0/2] undo stp enable

[DeviceC-FortyGigE1/0/2] port link-type trunk

[DeviceC-FortyGigE1/0/2] undo port trunk permit vlan 1

[DeviceC-FortyGigE1/0/2] port trunk permit vlan 11 12

[DeviceC-FortyGigE1/0/2] port trunk pvid vlan 11

[DeviceC-FortyGigE1/0/2] quit

# Set the physical state change suppression interval to 0 seconds on FortyGigE 1/0/3.

[DeviceC] interface fortygige 1/0/3

[DeviceC-FortyGigE1/0/3] link-delay 0

# Disable the spanning tree feature on the port.

[DeviceC-FortyGigE1/0/3] undo stp enable

# Configure the port as a trunk port.

[DeviceC-FortyGigE1/0/3] port link-type trunk

# Remove the port from VLAN 1, and assign it to VLAN 12.

[DeviceC-FortyGigE1/0/3] undo port trunk permit vlan 1

[DeviceC-FortyGigE1/0/3] port trunk permit vlan 12

# Configure VLAN 12 as the default VLAN.

[DeviceC-FortyGigE1/0/3] port trunk pvid vlan 12

[DeviceC-FortyGigE1/0/3] quit

# Set the physical state change suppression interval to 0 seconds on FortyGigE 1/0/4.

[DeviceC] interface fortygige 1/0/4

[DeviceC-FortyGigE1/0/4] link-delay 0

# Disable the spanning tree feature on the port.

[DeviceC-FortyGigE1/0/4] undo stp enable

# Configure the port as a trunk port.

[DeviceC-FortyGigE1/0/4] port link-type trunk

# Remove the port from VLAN 1, and assign it to VLAN 11.

[DeviceC-FortyGigE1/0/4] undo port trunk permit vlan 1

[DeviceC-FortyGigE1/0/4] port trunk permit vlan 11

# Configure VLAN 11 as the default VLAN.

[DeviceC-FortyGigE1/0/4] port trunk pvid vlan 11

[DeviceC-FortyGigE1/0/4] quit

# Create RRPP domain 1.

[DeviceC] rrpp domain 1

# Configure VLAN 100 as the primary control VLAN of RRPP domain 1.

[DeviceC-rrpp-domain1] control-vlan 100

# Configure the VLAN mapped to MSTI 1 as the protected VLAN of RRPP domain 1.

[DeviceC-rrpp-domain1] protected-vlan reference-instance 1

# Configure Device C as the transit node of primary ring 1 in RRPP domain 1, with FortyGigE 1/0/1 as the primary port and FortyGigE 1/0/2 as the secondary port. Enable ring 1.

[DeviceC-rrpp-domain1] ring 1 node-mode transit primary-port fortygige 1/0/1 secondary-port fortygige 1/0/2 level 0

[DeviceC-rrpp-domain1] ring 1 enable

# Configure Device C as the edge node of subring 3 in RRPP domain 1, with FortyGigE 1/0/4 as the edge port. Enable subring 3.

[DeviceC-rrpp-domain1] ring 3 node-mode edge edge-port fortygige 1/0/4

[DeviceC-rrpp-domain1] ring 3 enable

[DeviceC-rrpp-domain1] quit

# Create RRPP domain 2.

[DeviceC] rrpp domain 2

# Configure VLAN 105 as the primary control VLAN of RRPP domain 2.

[DeviceC-rrpp-domain2] control-vlan 105

# Configure the VLAN mapped to MSTI 2 as the protected VLAN of RRPP domain 2.

[DeviceC-rrpp-domain2] protected-vlan reference-instance 2

# Configure Device C as the transit node of primary ring 1 in RRPP domain 2, with FortyGigE 1/0/1 as the primary port and FortyGigE 1/0/2 as the secondary port. Enable ring 1.

[DeviceC-rrpp-domain2] ring 1 node-mode transit primary-port fortygige 1/0/1 secondary-port fortygige 1/0/2 level 0

[DeviceC-rrpp-domain2] ring 1 enable

# Configure Device C as the edge node of subring 2 in RRPP domain 2, with FortyGigE 1/0/3 as the edge port. Enable subring 2.

[DeviceC-rrpp-domain2] ring 2 node-mode edge edge-port fortygige 1/0/3

[DeviceC-rrpp-domain2] ring 2 enable

[DeviceC-rrpp-domain2] quit

# Enable RRPP.

[DeviceC] rrpp enable

4.        Configure Device D:

# Create VLANs 11 and 12.

<DeviceD> system-view

[DeviceD] vlan 11 to 12

# Map VLAN 11 to MSTI 1 and VLAN 12 to MSTI 2.

[DeviceD] stp region-configuration

[DeviceD-mst-region] instance 1 vlan 11

[DeviceD-mst-region] instance 2 vlan 12

# Activate the MST region configuration.

[DeviceD-mst-region] active region-configuration

[DeviceD-mst-region] quit

# Set the physical state change suppression interval to 0 seconds on FortyGigE 1/0/1.

[DeviceD] interface fortygige 1/0/1

[DeviceD-FortyGigE1/0/1] link-delay 0

# Disable the spanning tree feature on the port.

[DeviceD-FortyGigE1/0/1] undo stp enable

# Configure the port as a trunk port.

[DeviceD-FortyGigE1/0/1] port link-type trunk

# Remove the port from VLAN 1, and assign it to VLANs 11 and 12.

[DeviceD-FortyGigE1/0/1] undo port trunk permit vlan 1

[DeviceD-FortyGigE1/0/1] port trunk permit vlan 11 12

# Configure VLAN 11 as the default VLAN.

[DeviceD-FortyGigE1/0/1] port trunk pvid vlan 11

[DeviceD-FortyGigE1/0/1] quit

# Configure FortyGigE 1/0/2 in the same way FortyGigE 1/0/1 is configured.

[DeviceD] interface fortygige 1/0/2

[DeviceD-FortyGigE1/0/2] link-delay 0

[DeviceD-FortyGigE1/0/2] undo stp enable

[DeviceD-FortyGigE1/0/2] port link-type trunk

[DeviceD-FortyGigE1/0/2] undo port trunk permit vlan 1

[DeviceD-FortyGigE1/0/2] port trunk permit vlan 11 12

[DeviceD-FortyGigE1/0/2] port trunk pvid vlan 11

[DeviceD-FortyGigE1/0/2] quit

# Create RRPP domain 1.

[DeviceD] rrpp domain 1

# Configure VLAN 100 as the primary control VLAN of RRPP domain 1.

[DeviceD-rrpp-domain1] control-vlan 100

# Configure the VLAN mapped to MSTI 1 as the protected VLAN of RRPP domain 1.

[DeviceD-rrpp-domain1] protected-vlan reference-instance 1

# Configure Device D as the transit node of primary ring 1 in RRPP domain 1, with FortyGigE 1/0/1 as the primary port and FortyGigE 1/0/2 as the secondary port. Enable ring 1.

[DeviceD-rrpp-domain1] ring 1 node-mode transit primary-port fortygige 1/0/1 secondary-port fortygige 1/0/2 level 0

[DeviceD-rrpp-domain1] ring 1 enable

[DeviceD-rrpp-domain1] quit

# Create RRPP domain 2.

[DeviceD] rrpp domain 2

# Configure VLAN 105 as the primary control VLAN of RRPP domain 2.

[DeviceD-rrpp-domain2] control-vlan 105

# Configure the VLAN mapped to MSTI 2 as the protected VLAN of RRPP domain 2.

[DeviceD-rrpp-domain2] protected-vlan reference-instance 2

# Configure Device D as the transit node of primary ring 1 in RRPP domain 2, with FortyGigE 1/0/1 as the primary port and FortyGigE 1/0/2 as the secondary port. Enable ring 1.

[DeviceD-rrpp-domain2] ring 1 node-mode transit primary-port fortygige 1/0/1 secondary-port fortygige 1/0/2 level 0

[DeviceD-rrpp-domain2] ring 1 enable

[DeviceD-rrpp-domain2] quit

# Enable RRPP.

[DeviceD] rrpp enable

5.        Configure Device E:

# Create VLAN 12.

<DeviceE> system-view

[DeviceE] vlan 12

# Map VLAN 12 to MSTI 2.

[DeviceE-vlan12] quit

[DeviceE] stp region-configuration

[DeviceE-mst-region] instance 2 vlan 12

# Activate the MST region configuration.

[DeviceE-mst-region] active region-configuration

[DeviceE-mst-region] quit

# Set the physical state change suppression interval to 0 seconds on FortyGigE 1/0/1.

[DeviceE] interface fortygige 1/0/1

[DeviceE-FortyGigE1/0/1] link-delay 0

# Disable the spanning tree feature on the port.

[DeviceE-FortyGigE1/0/1] undo stp enable

# Configure the port as a trunk port.

[DeviceE-FortyGigE1/0/1] port link-type trunk

# Remove the port from VLAN 1, and assign it to VLAN 12.

[DeviceE-FortyGigE1/0/1] undo port trunk permit vlan 1

[DeviceE-FortyGigE1/0/1] port trunk permit vlan 12

# Configure VLAN 12 as the default VLAN.

[DeviceE-FortyGigE1/0/1] port trunk pvid vlan 12

[DeviceE-FortyGigE1/0/1] quit

# Configure FortyGigE 1/0/2 in the same way FortyGigE 1/0/1 is configured.

[DeviceE] interface fortygige 1/0/2

[DeviceE-FortyGigE1/0/2] link-delay 0

[DeviceE-FortyGigE1/0/2] undo stp enable

[DeviceE-FortyGigE1/0/2] port link-type trunk

[DeviceE-FortyGigE1/0/2] undo port trunk permit vlan 1

[DeviceE-FortyGigE1/0/2] port trunk permit vlan 12

[DeviceE-FortyGigE1/0/2] port trunk pvid vlan 12

[DeviceE-FortyGigE1/0/2] quit

# Create RRPP domain 2.

[DeviceE] rrpp domain 2

# Configure VLAN 105 as the primary control VLAN of RRPP domain 2.

[DeviceE-rrpp-domain2] control-vlan 105

# Configure the VLAN mapped to MSTI 2 as the protected VLAN of RRPP domain 2.

[DeviceE-rrpp-domain2] protected-vlan reference-instance 2

# Configure Device E as the master mode of subring 2 in RRPP domain 2, with FortyGigE 1/0/2 as the primary port and FortyGigE 1/0/1 as the secondary port. Enable ring 2.

[DeviceE-rrpp-domain2] ring 2 node-mode master primary-port fortygige 1/0/2 secondary-port fortygige 1/0/1 level 1

[DeviceE-rrpp-domain2] ring 2 enable

[DeviceE-rrpp-domain2] quit

# Enable RRPP.

[DeviceE] rrpp enable

6.        Configure Device F:

# Create VLAN 11.

<DeviceF> system-view

[DeviceF] vlan 11

[DeviceF-vlan11] quit

# Map VLAN 11 to MSTI 1.

[DeviceF] stp region-configuration

[DeviceF-mst-region] instance 1 vlan 11

# Activate the MST region configuration.

[DeviceF-mst-region] active region-configuration

[DeviceF-mst-region] quit

# Set the physical state change suppression interval to 0 seconds on FortyGigE 1/0/1.

[DeviceF] interface fortygige 1/0/1

[DeviceF-FortyGigE1/0/1] link-delay 0

# Disable the spanning tree feature on the port.

[DeviceF-FortyGigE1/0/1] undo stp enable

# Configure the port as a trunk port.

[DeviceF-FortyGigE1/0/1] port link-type trunk

# Remove the port from VLAN 1, and assign it to VLAN 11.

[DeviceF-FortyGigE1/0/1] undo port trunk permit vlan 1

[DeviceF-FortyGigE1/0/1] port trunk permit vlan 11

# Configure VLAN 11 as the default VLAN.

[DeviceF-FortyGigE1/0/1] port trunk pvid vlan 11

[DeviceF-FortyGigE1/0/1] quit

# Configure FortyGigE 1/0/2 in the same way FortyGigE 1/0/1 is configured.

[DeviceF] interface fortygige 1/0/2

[DeviceF-FortyGigE1/0/2] link-delay 0

[DeviceF-FortyGigE1/0/2] undo stp enable

[DeviceF-FortyGigE1/0/2] port link-type trunk

[DeviceF-FortyGigE1/0/2] undo port trunk permit vlan 1

[DeviceF-FortyGigE1/0/2] port trunk permit vlan 11

[DeviceF-FortyGigE1/0/2] port trunk pvid vlan 11

[DeviceF-FortyGigE1/0/2] quit

# Create RRPP domain 1.

[DeviceF] rrpp domain 1

# Configure VLAN 100 as the primary control VLAN of RRPP domain 1.

[DeviceF-rrpp-domain1] control-vlan 100

# Configure the VLAN mapped to MSTI 1 as the protected VLAN of RRPP domain 1.

[DeviceF-rrpp-domain1] protected-vlan reference-instance 1

# Configure Device F as the master node of subring 3 in RRPP domain 1, with FortyGigE 1/0/1 as the primary port and FortyGigE 1/0/2 as the secondary port. Enable subring 3.

[DeviceF-rrpp-domain1] ring 3 node-mode master primary-port fortygige 1/0/1 secondary-port fortygige 1/0/2 level 1

[DeviceF-rrpp-domain1] ring 3 enable

[DeviceF-rrpp-domain1] quit

# Enable RRPP.

[DeviceF] rrpp enable

7.        Configure RRPP ring group settings on Device B and Device C:

# Create RRPP ring group 1 on Device B, and add subrings 2 and 3 to the RRPP ring group.

[DeviceB] rrpp ring-group 1

[DeviceB-rrpp-ring-group1] domain 2 ring 2

[DeviceB-rrpp-ring-group1] domain 1 ring 3

# Create RRPP ring group 1 on Device C, and add subrings 2 and 3 to the RRPP ring group.

[DeviceC] rrpp ring-group 1

[DeviceC-rrpp-ring-group1] domain 2 ring 2

[DeviceC-rrpp-ring-group1] domain 1 ring 3

Verifying the configuration

# Use the display commands to view RRPP configuration and operational information on each device.

Troubleshooting RRPP

Master node's failure to receive Hello packets

Symptom

When the link state is normal, the master node cannot receive Hello packets, and it unblocks the secondary port.

Solution

To resolve the problem:

1.        Use the display rrpp brief command to determine whether RRPP is enabled for all nodes. If it is not, use the rrpp enable command and the ring enable command to enable RRPP and RRPP rings for all nodes.

2.        Use the display rrpp brief command to determine whether the domain ID and primary control VLAN ID are the same for all nodes. If they are not, set the same domain ID and primary control VLAN ID for the nodes.

3.        Use the display rrpp verbose command to examine the link state of each port in each ring.

4.        Use the debugging rrpp command on each node to determine whether a port receives or transmits Hello packets. If it does not, Hello packets are lost.

5.        If the problem persists, contact H3C Support.

 

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