01-Fundamentals Command Reference

HomeSupportResource CenterSwitchesS12500X-AF SeriesS12500X-AF SeriesTechnical DocumentsReference GuidesCommand ReferencesH3C S12500X-AF Switch Series Command References(R320x)-6W10001-Fundamentals Command Reference
07-Software upgrade commands
Title Size Download
07-Software upgrade commands 104.69 KB

Software upgrade commands

As a best practice, store the startup images in a fixed storage medium. If you store the startup images in a hot swappable storage medium, do not remove the hot swappable storage medium during the startup process.

boot-loader file

Use boot-loader file to specify startup image files.

Syntax

In standalone mode:

boot-loader file boot filename system filename [ feature filename&<1-30> ] [ patch filename&<1-16> ] { all | slot slot-number } { backup | main }

boot-loader file ipe-filename [ patch filename&<1-16> ] { all | slot slot-number } { backup | main }

In IRF mode:

boot-loader file boot filename system filename [ feature filename&<1-30> ] [ patch filename&<1-16> ] { all | chassis chassis-number slot slot-number } { backup | main }

boot-loader file ipe-filename [ patch filename&<1-16> ] { all | chassis chassis-number slot slot-number } { backup | main }

Views

User view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

Parameters

boot: Specifies a boot image file.

system: Specifies a system image file.

feature: Specifies a space-separated list of up to 30 feature image files.

patch: Specifies a space-separated list of up to 16 patch image files. You can specify only non-incremental patch image files.

filename: Specifies a .bin file in the filesystemname/filename.bin format. The file must be stored in the root directory of a file system on the device. Excluding the file system location section (if any), the value string can have a maximum of 63 characters. For more information about specifying a file, see Fundamentals Configuration Guide.

ipe-filename: Specifies an .ipe image package file in the filesystemname/filename.ipe format. The file must be stored in the root directory of a file system on the device. Excluding the file system location section (if any), the value string can have a maximum of 63 characters. For more information about specifying a file, see Fundamentals Configuration Guide.

all: Specifies all hardware components to which the specified images apply.

slot slot-number: Specifies the slot number of an MPU or security card. (In standalone mode.)

chassis chassis-number slot slot-number: Specifies an MPU or security card in the IRF fabric. The chassis-number argument represents the IRF member ID of the device that holds the MPU or security card. The slot-number argument represents the slot number of the MPU or security card. (In IRF mode.)  

backup: Specifies the files as backup startup image files. Backup images are used only when main images are not available.

main: Specifies the files as main startup image files. The device always first attempts to start up with main startup files.

Usage guidelines

The boot-loader file command overwrites the entire startup image list. To add new startup feature images, specify all feature image files in the old startup image list, including feature image files. The new startup image list will contain only the feature image files that are specified in the command.

To load the specified startup software images, you must reboot the system.

If the upgrade images are not found in the file system on the slot specified to upgrade, the system automatically copies the images to that file system. The destination directory is the root directory of the file system. If the destination root directory already contains a startup image with the same name as an upgrade image, you must choose whether to overwrite the image.

Examples

# (In standalone mode.) Specify flash:/all.ipe as the main startup image file for slot 1.

<Sysname> boot-loader file flash:/all.ipe slot 1 main

Verifying the file flash:/all.ipe on slot 1..............Done.

H3C S12508X-AF images in IPE:

  boot.bin

  system.bin

This command will set the main startup software images. Continue? [Y/N]:Y

Add images to slot 1.

File flash:/boot.bin already exists on slot 1.

File flash:/system.bin already exists on slot 1.

Overwrite the existing files? [Y/N]:Y

Decompressing file boot.bin to flash:/boot.bin........................Done.

Decompressing file system.bin to flash:/system.bin...............................Done.

Verifying the file flash:/boot.bin on slot 1...Done.

Verifying the file flash:/system.bin on slot 1.............Done.

The images that have passed all examinations will be used as the main startup software images at the next reboot on slot 1.

# (In standalone mode.) Specify flash:/all.ipe as the main startup image file.

<Sysname> boot-loader file flash:/all.ipe all main

Verifying the file flash:/all.ipe on slot 1..............Done.

H3C S12508X-AF Switch images in IPE:

  boot.bin

  system.bin

This command will set the main startup software images. Continue? [Y/N]:y

Add images to slot 1.

File flash:/boot.bin already exists on slot 1.

File flash:/system.bin already exists on slot 1.

Overwrite the existing files? [Y/N]:y

Decompressing file boot.bin to flash:/boot.bin........................Done.

Decompressing file system.bin to flash:/system.bin...............................Done.

Verifying the file flash:/boot.bin on slot 1...Done.

Verifying the file flash:/system.bin on slot 1.............Done.

The images that have passed all examinations will be used as the main startup software images at the next reboot on slot 1.

File flash:/boot.bin already exists on slot 0.

Do you want to overwrite the file?

 Y: Overwrite the file.

 N: Not overwrite the file.

 A: From now on, overwrite or not overwrite without prompt.

Please make a choice. [Y/N/A]:a

What type of overwrite operation do you want to perform?

  Y: Overwrite without prompt.

  N: Not overwrite or display prompt.

  Q: Return to the previous step.

Please make a choice. [Y/N/Q]:y

An existing file will be overwritten without prompt if it has the same name as any upgrade file.

Loading......................Done.

Loading......................Done.

The images that have passed all examinations will be used as the main startup software images at the next reboot on slot 0.

Decompression completed.                                                       

Do you want to delete flash:/all.ipe now? [Y/N]:n

Related commands

display boot-loader

boot-loader update

Use boot-loader update to synchronize startup images.

Syntax

In standalone mode:

boot-loader update { all | slot slot-number }

In IRF mode:

boot-loader update { all | chassis chassis-number slot slot-number }

Views

User view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

Parameters

all: Synchronizes startup images from the active MPU to the standby MPU. (In standalone mode.)

all: Synchronizes startup images from the global active MPU to all standby MPUs. (In IRF mode.)

slot slot-number: Specifies the slot number of the standby MPU. (In standalone mode.)

chassis chassis-number slot slot-number: Specifies a standby MPU. The chassis-number argument represents the IRF member ID of the device that holds the MPU. The slot-number argument represents the slot number of the MPU. (In IRF mode.)

Usage guidelines

You can use this command to synchronize startup images after adding new MPUs.

The images used for synchronization are in the main or backup startup software images list instead of the current software images list (see the display boot-loader command).

·     The main images list is used if the active MPU (in standalone mode) or global active MPU (in IRF mode) started up with the main startup images.

·     The backup image list is used if the active MPU (in standalone mode) or global active MPU (in IRF mode) started up with the backup startup images.

The startup images synchronized to a standby MPU are set as main startup images, regardless of whether the source startup images are main or backup.

If a patch installation or ISSU has been performed, use the install commit command to update the main startup images on the active MPU (in standalone mode) or global active MPU (in IRF mode) before software synchronization. This command ensures startup image consistency between the active MPU or (in standalone mode) or global active MPU (in IRF mode) and standby MPUs.

Startup image synchronization fails if any software image being synchronized is not available or is corrupted.

Examples

# Synchronize startup images to a slot.

<Sysname> boot-loader update slot 1

This command will update the specified standby MPU. Continue? [Y/N]:y

Updating. Please wait...

Verifying the file flash:/boot.bin on slot 0...Done.

Verifying the file flash:/system.bin on slot 0....Done.

Copying main startup software images to slot 1. Please wait...

Done.

Setting copied images as main startup software images for slot 1...

The images that have passed all examinations will be used as the main startup software images at the next reboot on slot 1.

Done.

Successfully updated the startup software images of slot 1.

Related commands

display boot-loader

install commit

bootrom backup

Use bootrom backup to back up the BootWare image in the Normal area to the Backup area on a BootWare.

Syntax

In standalone mode:

bootrom backup slot slot-number-list

In IRF mode:

bootrom backup chassis chassis-number slot slot-number-list [ subslot subslot-number-list ] [ all | part ]

Views

User view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

Parameters

slot slot-number-list: Specifies a space-separated list of up to seven slot number items. An item specifies a card by its slot number or a range of cards in the form of start-slot-number to end-slot-number. The end slot number must be equal to or greater than the start slot number. (In standalone mode.)

chassis chassis-number: Specifies an IRF member device by its member ID. (In IRF mode.)

slot slot-number-list: Specifies a space-separated list of up to seven slot number items. An item specifies a card by its slot number or a range of cards in the form of start-slot-number to end-slot-number on the specified IRF member device. The end slot number must be equal to or greater than the start slot number. (In IRF mode.)

Usage guidelines

A BootWare is divided into a Normal area and a Backup area. The BootWare image is stored in the Normal area and backed up to the Backup area. At startup, the system reads the BootWare image automatically from the Normal area. If the image is inaccessible, the system reads the BootWare image from the Backup area.

If the BootWare image in the Normal area is corrupted or requires a version rollback, use the bootrom restore command to copy the BootWare image in the Backup area to the Normal area.

Examples

# Back up the entire BootWare image from the Normal area to the Backup area.

<Sysname> bootrom backup slot 1

Now backing up the Boot ROM, please wait...

......Done.

Related commands

bootrom restore

bootrom restore

Use bootrom restore to replace the BootWare image in the Normal area with the BootWare image in the Backup area for image restoration or version rollback.

Syntax

In standalone mode:

bootrom restore slot slot-number-list

In IRF mode:

bootrom restore chassis chassis-number slot slot-number-list [ subslot subslot-number-list ] [ all | part ]

Views

User view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

Parameters

slot slot-number-list: Specifies a space-separated list of up to seven slot number items. An item specifies a card by its slot number or a range of cards in the form of start-slot-number to end-slot-number. The end slot number must be equal to or greater than the start slot number. (In standalone mode.)

chassis chassis-number: Specifies an IRF member device by its member ID. (In IRF mode.)

slot slot-number-list: Specifies a space-separated list of up to seven slot number items. An item specifies a card by its slot number or a range of cards in the form of start-slot-number to end-slot-number on the specified IRF member device. The end slot number must be equal to or greater than the start slot number. (In IRF mode.)

Examples

# (In standalone mode.) Restore the entire BootWare image.

<Sysname> bootrom restore slot 1

  This command will restore the Boot ROM file on the specified board(s), Continue? [Y/N]:y

  Now restoring the Boot ROM, please wait...

......Done.

Related commands

bootrom backup

bootrom update

Use bootrom update to load the BootWare image from a file system to the Normal BootWare area.

Syntax

In standalone mode:

bootrom update file file slot slot-number-list

In IRF mode:

bootrom update file file chassis chassis-number slot slot-number-list [ subslot subslot-number-list ] [ all | part ]

Views

User view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

Parameters

file file: Specifies the file that contains the BootWare image. The file argument represents the file name, a string of 1 to 63 characters.

slot slot-number-list: Specifies a space-separated list of up to seven slot number items. An item specifies a card by its slot number or a range of cards in the form of start-slot-number to end-slot-number. The end slot number must be equal to or greater than the start slot number. (In standalone mode.)

chassis chassis-number: Specifies an IRF member device by its member ID. (In IRF mode.)

slot slot-number-list: Specifies a space-separated list of up to seven slot number items. An item specifies a card by its slot number or a range of cards in the form of start-slot-number to end-slot-number on the specified IRF member device. The end slot number must be equal to or greater than the start slot number. (In IRF mode.)

Usage guidelines

BootWare images are contained in the .bin Comware boot image file. You can specify a Comware boot image file in this command to upgrade the BootWares in the system before you upgrade the Comware images. If you do not upgrade BootWares before upgrading Comware images, the system automatically upgrades BootWares as necessary when loading Comware images.

The new BootWare images take effect after you reboot the card.

Examples

# (In standalone mode.) Use the file a.bin in the root directory of the flash memory to upgrade the BootWare image.

<Sysname> bootrom update file flash:/a.bin slot 1

   This command will update the Boot ROM file on the specified board(s), Continue? [Y/N]:y

   Now updating the Boot ROM, please wait................Done.

Related commands

boot-loader file

bootrom-update security-check enable

Use bootrom-update security-check enable to enable BootWare image validity check.

Use undo bootrom-update security-check enable to disable BootWare image validity check.

Syntax

bootrom-update security-check enable

undo bootrom-update security-check enable

Default

BootWare image validity check is enabled.

Views

System view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

Usage guidelines

Before a BootWare image upgrade starts, this feature examines the upgrade BootWare image for file validity and incompatibility with hardware. If the BootWare image passes the check, the upgrade process starts. If the check fails, the system does not perform the upgrade.

Examples

# Enable BootWare image validity check.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] bootrom-update security-check enable

display boot-loader

Use display boot-loader to display current software images and startup software images.

Syntax

In standalone mode:

display boot-loader [ slot slot-number ]

In IRF mode:

display boot-loader [ chassis chassis-number [ slot slot-number ] ]

Views

Any view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

network-operator

Parameters

slot slot-number: Specifies the slot number of an MPU. If you do not specify an MPU, this command displays the software images on each MPU. (In standalone mode.)

chassis chassis-number [ slot slot-number ]: Specifies an IRF member device or an MPU in an IRF member device. The chassis-number argument represents the IRF member ID of the device. The slot-number argument represents the slot number of the MPU on the device. If you do not specify an IRF member device, this command displays the software images on each MPU in the IRF fabric. If you specify an IRF member device without specifying an MPU, this command displays the software images on each MPU on the specified member device. (In IRF mode.)

Examples

# (In standalone mode.) Display the current software images and startup software images.

<Sysname> display boot-loader

Software images on slot 1:

Current software images:

  flash:/boot.bin

  flash:/system.bin

Main startup software images:

  flash:/boot.bin

  flash:/system.bin

Backup startup software images:

  flash:/boot.bin

  flash:/system.bin

Table 1 Command output

Field

Description

Current software images

Comware images that have been loaded.

Main startup software images

Primary Comware images for the next startup.

Backup startup software images

Backup Comware images for the next startup.

 

Related commands

boot-loader file

display install active

Use display install active to display active software images.

Syntax

display install active [ slot slot-number ] [ verbose ]

Views

Any view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

network-operator

Parameters

slot slot-number: Specifies a card by its slot number. If you do not specify a card, this command displays information for all cards.

verbose: Displays detailed information. If you do not specify this keyword, the command displays only image names.

Examples

# Display brief information about active software images.

<Sysname> display install active

Active packages on slot 1:

  flash:/boot.bin

  flash:/system.bin

  flash:/feature1.bin

# Display detailed information about active software images.

<Sysname> display install active verbose

Active packages on slot 1:

flash:/boot.bin

 [Package]

 Vendor: H3C

 Product: S12500-X

 Service name: boot

 Platform version: 7.1.070

 Product version: Test 0001015

 Supported board: mpu

 [Component]

 Component: boot

 Description: boot package

 

flash:/system.bin

 [Package]

 Vendor: H3C

 Product: S12500-X

 Service name: system

 Platform version: 7.1.070

 Product version: Test 0001015

 Supported board: mpu

 [Component]

 Component: system

 Description: system package

 

flash:/feature1.bin

 [Package]

 Vendor: H3C

 Product: S12500-X

 Service name: test

 Platform version: 7.1.070

 Product version: Test 0001015

 Supported board: mpu

 [Component]

 Component: test

 Description: test package

Table 2 Command output

Field

Description

[Package]

Detailed information about the software image.

Service name

Image type:

·     bootBoot image.

·     boot-patchBoot image patch.

·     systemSystem image.

·     system-patchSystem image patch.

·     Any other value indicates a feature image.

Platform version

Platform software version.

Product version

Product software version.

Supported board

Device type supported by the software image:

·     mpu—MPU.

·     lpu—Service card.

·     sfc—Switching fabric module.

[Component]

Information about components included in the image file.

Component

Component name.

Description

Component description.

Related commands

install active

display install committed

Use display install committed to display main startup software images.

Syntax

display install committed [ slot slot-number ] [ verbose ]

Views

Any view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

network-operator

Parameters

slot slot-number: Specifies a card by its slot number. If you do not specify a card, this command displays information for all cards.

verbose: Displays detailed information. If you do not specify this keyword, the command displays only image names.

Usage guidelines

Some install commands modify the current software image list but do not modify the main startup image list. For the software image changes to take effect after a reboot, you must execute the install commit command to update the main startup image list with the image changes. You can use the display install committed command to verify the operation results.

Both the install commit and boot-loader file commands modify the main startup software image list.

Examples

# Display brief information about main startup software images.

<Sysname> display install committed

Committed packages on slot 1:

 flash:/boot.bin

 flash:/system.bin

 flash:/feature1.bin

# Display detailed information about main startup software images.

<Sysname> display install committed verbose

Committed packages on slot 1:

 flash:/boot.bin

 [Package]

 Vendor: H3C

 Product: S12500-X

 Service name: boot

 Platform version: 7.1.070

 Product version: Test 0001015

 Supported board: mpu

 [Component]

 Component: boot

 Description: boot package

 

 flash:/system.bin

 [Package]

 Vendor: H3C

 Product: S12500-X

 Service name: system

 Platform version: 7.1.070

 Product version: Test 0001015

 Supported board: mpu

 [Component]

 Component: system

 Description: system package

 

flash:/feature1.bin

 [Package]

 Vendor: H3C

 Product: S12500-X

 Service name: feature1

 Platform version: 7.1.070

 Product version: Test 0001015

 Supported board: mpu

 [Component]

 Component: feature1

 Description: feature1 package

For information about the command output, see Table 2.

Related commands

boot-loader file

display install backup

install commit

install activate

Use install activate to activate feature or patch images.

Syntax

install activate { boot filename | system filename | feature filename&<1-30> } * slot slot-number [ test ]

install activate patch filename { all | slot slot-number }

Views

User view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

Parameters

boot: Specifies a boot image file.

system: Specifies a system image file.

feature: Specifies a space-separated list of up to 30 feature image files.

patch: Specifies a patch image file. You can specify only one patch image file for the command at a time. However, you can execute the command multiple times to activate multiple patch image files.

filename: Specifies a .bin file in the filesystemname/filename.bin format. The file must be stored in the root directory of a file system on the device. Excluding the file system location section (if any), the value string can have a maximum of 63 characters. For more information about specifying a file, see file system management in Fundamentals Configuration Guide.

all: Specifies all cards.

slot slot-number: Specifies a card by its slot number.

test: Only identifies the ISSU method to be used for the upgrade. If you do not specify this keyword, the command activates the specified software images.

Usage guidelines

This command activates images and adds the images to the current image list. Images run in memory immediately after they are activated. However, only images activated by using the install activate patch filename all command still run in memory after a reboot. For other images to take effect after a reboot, you must commit the software change by using the install commit command.

If the image file is not on the card to be upgraded, the install activate command automatically copies the image file to the card.

If you specify the active MPU for the slot slot-number option, the command takes effect on the active MPU and all LPUs. If you specify the standby MPU for the slot slot-number option, the command takes effect only on the standby MPU.

Examples

# Identify the ISSU method for feature upgrade with feature1.bin on the standby MPU (in slot 1) and the upgrade impact.

<Sysname> install activate feature flash:/feature1.bin slot 1 test

Copying file flash:/feature1.bin to slot1#flash:/feature1.bin......Done.

Verifying the file flash:/feature1.bin on slot 1.....Done.

Upgrade summary according to following table:

 

flash:/feature1.bin

  Running Version             New Version

  Test 0001015                Test 0001016

 

  Slot                        Upgrade Way

  1                           Service Upgrade

 

Influenced service according to following table:

flash:/feature1.bin

     Feature1

The output shows that a service upgrade is recommended. The Feature1 module will be rebooted during the upgrade.

# Activate the system image in system.bin and the feature images in feature1.bin on the standby MPU (in slot 1).

<Sysname> install activate system flash:/system.bin feature flash:/feature1.bin slot 1

Copying file flash:/system.bin to slot1#flash:/system.bin......Done.

Verifying the file flash:/system.bin on slot 1.....Done.

Copying file flash:/feature1.bin to slot1#flash:/feature1.bin......Done.

Verifying the file flash:/feature1.bin on slot 1.....Done.

Verifying the file flash:/feature1.bin on slot 1.....Done.

Verifying the file flash:/system.bin on slot 1.....Done.

Upgrade summary according to following table:

 

flash:/system.bin

  Running Version             New Version

  Test 0001015                Test 0001016

 

flash:/feature1.bin

  Running Version             New Version

  None                        Test 0001016

 

  Slot                        Upgrade Way

  1                           Service Upgrade

Upgrading software images to compatible versions. Continue? [Y/N]:y

This operation might take several minutes, please wait...Done.

Table 3 Command output

Field

Description

Verifying the file

The system was verifying the validity of the file.

Upgrade summary according to following table

Upgrade summary.

Running Version

Version number of the running software.

New Version

Version number of the new software.

Upgrade Way

ISSU methods:

·     Service Upgrade.

·     File Upgrade.

·     Reboot.

This field is displayed only for an upgrade to a compatible version.

For more information about ISSU methods, see Fundamentals Configuration Guide.

Influenced service according to following table

Services influenced by the upgrade.

 

Related commands

display install active

install commit

install deactivate

install commit

Use install commit to commit software changes.

Syntax

install commit

Views

User view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

Usage guidelines

This command adds the patch image file to the startup image list that the device used at startup.

·     If the device used the main startup software image list at startup, this command adds the patch image file to the main startup software image list.

·     If the device used the backup startup software image list at startup, this command adds the patch image file to the backup startup software image list.

Both the install commit and boot-loader file commands modify the main startup software image list. To modify the backup startup image list or add inactive images as main startup images, however, you must use the boot-loader file command.

For more information about main and backup startup software images, see Fundamentals Configuration Guide.

Examples

# Commit software changes.

<Sysname> install commit

This operation will take several minutes, please wait...........................Done.

Related commands

install activate

install deactivate

install deactivate

Use install deactivate to deactivate feature or patch images.

Syntax

install deactivate feature filename&<1-30> slot slot-number

install deactivate patch filename { all | slot slot-number }

Views

User view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

Parameters

feature: Specifies a space-separated list of up to 30 feature image files.

patch: Specifies a patch image file. You can specify only one patch image file for the command at a time. However, you can execute the command multiple times to deactivate multiple patch image files.

filename: Specifies a .bin file in the filesystemname/filename.bin format. The file must be stored in the root directory of a file system on the device. Excluding the file system location section (if any), the value string can have a maximum of 63 characters. For more information about specifying a file, see file system management in Fundamentals Configuration Guide.

all: Specifies all cards.

slot slot-number: Specifies a card by its slot number.

Usage guidelines

You can deactivate only active feature and patch images.

Images stop running in memory immediately after they are deactivated. However, only patch images deactivated by using the install deactivate patch filename all command do not run after a reboot. To prevent other deactivated images from running after a reboot, you must commit the software change by using the install commit command.

Examples

# Deactivate route-patch.bin on card 1.

<Sysname> install deactivate patch flash:/route-patch.bin slot 1

This operation might take several minutes, please wait...Done.

Related commands

display install active

display install inactive

 

  • Cloud & AI
  • InterConnect
  • Intelligent Computing
  • Security
  • SMB Products
  • Intelligent Terminal Products
  • Product Support Services
  • Technical Service Solutions
All Services
  • Resource Center
  • Policy
  • Online Help
All Support
  • Become a Partner
  • Partner Resources
  • Partner Business Management
All Partners
  • Profile
  • News & Events
  • Online Exhibition Center
  • Contact Us
All About Us
新华三官网