16-EVPN Configuration Guide

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02-EVPN VXLAN configuration
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Contents

EVPN VXLAN overview·· 1

Network model 1

Configuration automation· 2

Assignment of traffic to VXLANs· 2

Layer 2 forwarding· 3

Centralized EVPN gateway deployment 5

Distributed EVPN gateway deployment 6

About distributed EVPN gateway deployment 6

Symmetric IRB· 6

Asymmetric IRB· 9

EVPN VXLAN multihoming· 10

ARP and ND flood suppression· 13

MAC mobility· 14

EVPN distributed relay· 15

Configuring EVPN VXLAN·· 16

Restrictions and guidelines: EVPN VXLAN configuration· 16

EVPN VXLAN tasks at a glance· 16

Setting the VXLAN hardware resource mode· 18

Configuring a VXLAN on a VSI 18

Restrictions and guidelines for VXLAN configuration on a VSI 18

Creating a VXLAN on a VSI 18

Configuring VSI parameters· 18

Configuring an EVPN instance· 19

About EVPN instance configuration· 19

Configuring an EVPN instance created in VSI view· 19

Configuring EVPN multihoming· 20

Restrictions and guidelines for EVPN multihoming· 20

Assigning an ESI to an interface· 20

Setting the DF election delay· 20

Disabling advertisement of EVPN multihoming routes· 21

Configuring BGP to advertise BGP EVPN routes· 21

Restrictions and guidelines for BGP EVPN route advertisement 21

Enabling BGP to advertise BGP EVPN routes· 21

Configuring BGP EVPN route settings· 22

Maintaining BGP sessions· 24

Mapping ACs to a VSI 24

Restrictions and guidelines for AC-to-VSI mapping· 24

Mapping a static Ethernet service instance to a VSI 24

Mapping dynamic Ethernet service instances to VSIs· 25

Configuring a centralized EVPN gateway· 26

Configuring a distributed EVPN gateway· 27

Restrictions and guidelines for distributed EVPN gateway configuration· 27

Prerequisites for distributed EVPN gateway configuration· 28

Configuring the traffic forwarding mode for EVPN VXLAN· 28

Configuring a VSI interface· 28

Configuring an L3 VXLAN ID for a VSI interface· 30

Configuring IP prefix route advertisement 32

Configuring the EVPN global MAC address· 33

Disabling generation of IP prefix advertisement routes for the subnets of a VSI interface· 34

Enabling a distributed EVPN gateway to send RA messages over VXLAN tunnels· 34

Enabling the device to advertise ARP information for the distributed EVPN gateway interfaces through MAC/IP advertisement routes· 35

Managing remote MAC address entries and remote ARP or ND learning· 36

Disabling remote MAC address learning and remote ARP or ND learning· 36

Disabling MAC address advertisement 36

Enabling MAC mobility event suppression· 37

Disabling learning of MAC addresses from ARP or ND information· 37

Disabling ARP information advertisement 38

Disabling the VSI interface on a centralized EVPN gateway from learning ARP or ND information across subnets  38

Enabling ARP mobility event suppression· 39

Enabling ARP request proxy· 39

Enabling conversational learning for forwarding entries· 40

About conversational learning for forwarding entries· 40

Restrictions and guidelines for enabling conversational learning for forwarding entries· 40

Enabling conversational learning for remote MAC address entries· 41

Enabling conversational learning for host route FIB entries· 41

Enabling conversational learning for IPv6 host route FIB entries· 42

Configuring BGP EVPN route redistribution and advertisement 42

Redistributing MAC/IP advertisement routes into BGP unicast routing tables· 42

Enabling BGP EVPN route advertisement to the local site· 43

Disabling flooding for a VSI 44

Enabling ARP or ND flood suppression· 45

Enabling packet statistics for VXLAN tunnels· 45

Enabling packet statistics for a VSI interface· 46

Setting the L2VPN statistics collection interval 46

Testing the connectivity of a VXLAN tunnel 46

Software version compatibility with this feature· 46

Enabling overlay OAM·· 47

Pinging a VXLAN tunnel destination· 47

Tracing the path to a VXLAN tunnel destination· 48

Configuring EVPN distributed relay· 49

Display and maintenance commands for EVPN· 52

EVPN VXLAN configuration examples· 54

Example: Configuring a centralized EVPN gateway· 54

Example: Configuring distributed EVPN gateways in symmetric IRB mode (IPv4 underlay network) 63

Example: Configuring distributed EVPN gateways in symmetric IRB mode (IPv6 underlay network) 74

Example: Configuring distributed EVPN gateways in asymmetric IRB mode (IPv4 underlay network) 85

Example: Configuring communication between EVPN networks and the public network· 94

Example: Configuring IPv4 EVPN distributed relay using an Ethernet aggregate link as the IPL· 105

Example: Configuring IPv4 EVPN distributed relay using a VXLAN tunnel as the IPL (with a keepalive link) 117

Example: Configuring IPv4 EVPN distributed relay using a VXLAN tunnel as the IPL (with Monitor Link) 131

Example: Configuring IPv4 EVPN multihoming· 145

 


EVPN VXLAN overview

EVPN VXLAN uses EVPN routes for VXLAN tunnel establishment and assignment and MAC reachability information advertisement in the control plane and uses VXLAN for forwarding in the data plane.

Network model

As shown in Figure 1, EVPN uses the VXLAN technology for traffic forwarding in the data plane. The transport edge devices assign user terminals to different VXLANs, and then forward traffic between sites for user terminals by using VXLAN tunnels. The transport edge devices are VXLAN tunnel endpoints (VTEPs).

The EVPN network sites and transport network can be IPv4 or IPv6 networks. Supported user terminals include PCs, wireless terminals, and VMs on servers.

 

 

NOTE:

This document uses VMs as examples to describe the mechanisms of EVPN. The mechanisms do not differ between different kinds of user terminals.

 

A VTEP uses ESs, VSIs, and VXLAN tunnels to provide VXLAN services:

·     Ethernet segment (ES)—An ES is a link that connects a site to a VTEP. Each ES is uniquely identified by an Ethernet segment identifier (ESI).

·     VSI—A virtual switch instance is a virtual Layer 2 switched domain. Each VSI provides switching services only for one VXLAN. VSIs learn MAC addresses and forward frames independently of one another. User terminals in different sites have Layer 2 connectivity if they are in the same VXLAN. A VXLAN is identified by a 24-bit VXLAN ID which is also called the virtual network identifier (VNI). A VXLAN corresponds to an EVPN instance.

·     VXLAN tunnel—Logical point-to-point tunnels between VTEPs over the transport network. Each VXLAN tunnel can trunk multiple VXLANs.

All VXLAN processing is performed on VTEPs. The ingress VTEP encapsulates VXLAN traffic in the VXLAN, outer UDP, and outer IP headers, and forwards the traffic through VXLAN tunnels. The egress VTEP removes the VXLAN encapsulation and forwards the traffic to the destination. Transport network devices (for example, the P device in Figure 1) forward VXLAN traffic only based on the outer IP header of VXLAN packets.

Figure 1 EVPN network model

Configuration automation

If EVPN is used for Layer 2 forwarding, VTEPs use the following BGP EVPN routes to discover VTEP neighbors, establish VXLAN tunnels, and assign the tunnels to VXLANs:

·     IMET route—VTEPs advertise the VXLAN IDs they have through IMET routes. If two VTEPs have the same VXLAN ID, they automatically establish a VXLAN tunnel and assign the tunnel to the VXLAN.

·     MAC/IP advertisement route—VTEPs advertise local MAC addresses and VXLAN IDs through MAC/IP advertisement routes. If two VTEPs have the same VXLAN ID, they automatically establish a VXLAN tunnel and assign the tunnel to the VXLAN.

If EVPN is used for Layer 3 forwarding, VTEPs use the following BGP EVPN routes to discover VTEP neighbors, establish VXLAN tunnels, and assign the tunnels to VXLANs:

·     IMET route—VTEPs advertise the VXLAN IDs they have through IMET routes. If two VTEPs have the same VXLAN ID, they automatically establish a VXLAN tunnel and assign the tunnel to the VXLAN.

·     MAC/IP advertisement route and IP prefix advertisement route—In the EVPN gateway deployment, VTEPs advertise MAC/IP advertisement routes or IP prefix advertisement routes with the export targets. When a VTEP receives a route, it compares the export targets of the route with the local import targets. If the route targets match, the VTEP establishes a VXLAN tunnel with the remote VTEP and associates the tunnel with the L3 VXLAN ID of the corresponding VPN instance. For more information about the L3 VXLAN ID, see "Distributed EVPN gateway deployment."

Assignment of traffic to VXLANs

Traffic from the local site to a remote site

The VTEP uses an Ethernet service instance to match customer traffic on a site-facing interface. The VTEP assigns customer traffic to a VXLAN by mapping the Ethernet service instance to a VSI.

An Ethernet service instance is identical to an attachment circuit (AC) in L2VPN. An Ethernet service instance matches a list of VLANs on a Layer 2 Ethernet interface by using a frame match criterion. The frame match criterion specifies the characteristics of traffic from the VLANs, such as tagging status and VLAN IDs.

As shown in Figure 2, Ethernet service instance 1 matches VLAN 2 and is mapped to VSI A (VXLAN 10). When a frame from VLAN 2 arrives, the VTEP assigns the frame to VXLAN 10, and looks up VSI A's MAC address table for the outgoing interface.

Figure 2 Identifying traffic from the local site

 

Traffic from a remote site to the local site

When a VXLAN packet arrives at a VXLAN tunnel interface, the VTEP uses the VXLAN ID in the packet to identify its VXLAN.

Layer 2 forwarding

MAC learning

The VTEP performs Layer 2 forwarding based on a VSI's MAC address table. The VTEP learns MAC addresses by using the following methods:

·     Local MAC learning—The VTEP automatically learns the source MAC addresses of frames sent from the local site. The outgoing interfaces of local MAC address entries are site-facing interfaces on which the MAC addresses are learned.

·     Remote MAC learning—The VTEP uses MP-BGP to advertise local MAC reachability information to remote sites and learn MAC reachability information from remote sites. The outgoing interfaces of MAC address entries advertised from a remote site are VXLAN tunnel interfaces.

Unicast

As shown in Figure 3, the VTEP performs typical Layer 2 forwarding for known unicast traffic within the local site.

Figure 3 Intra-site unicast

 

As shown in Figure 4, the following process applies to a known unicast frame between sites:

1.     The source VTEP encapsulates the Ethernet frame in the VXLAN/UDP/IP header.

In the outer IP header, the source IP address is the source VTEP's VXLAN tunnel source IP address. The destination IP address is the VXLAN tunnel destination IP address.

2.     The source VTEP forwards the encapsulated packet out of the outgoing VXLAN tunnel interface found in the VSI's MAC address table.

3.     The intermediate transport devices (P devices) forward the packet to the destination VTEP by using the outer IP header.

4.     The destination VTEP removes the headers on top of the inner Ethernet frame. It then performs MAC address table lookup in the VXLAN's VSI to forward the frame out of the matching outgoing interface.

Figure 4 Inter-site unicast

 

Flood

As shown in Figure 5, a VTEP floods a broadcast, multicast, or unknown unicast frame to all site-facing interfaces and VXLAN tunnels in the VXLAN, except for the incoming interface. The source VTEP replicates the flood frame, and then sends one replica to the destination IP address of each VXLAN tunnel in the VXLAN. Each destination VTEP floods the inner Ethernet frame to all the site-facing interfaces in the VXLAN. To avoid loops, the destination VTEPs do not flood the frame to VXLAN tunnels.

Figure 5 Forwarding of flood traffic

 

Centralized EVPN gateway deployment

IMPORTANT

IMPORTANT:

This section uses IPv4 sites as examples to describe the Layer 3 forwarding process of EVPN networks. The Layer 3 forwarding process does not differ between IPv4 and IPv6 sites.

 

Centralized EVPN gateway deployment uses one VTEP to provide Layer 3 forwarding for VXLANs. The VTEP uses virtual Layer 3 VSI interfaces as gateway interfaces for VXLANs. Typically, the gateway-collocated VTEP connects to other VTEPs and the external network. To use this design, make sure the gateway has sufficient bandwidth and processing capability.

As shown in Figure 6, a VTEP acts as a gateway for VMs in the VXLANs. The VTEP both terminates the VXLANs and performs Layer 3 forwarding for the VMs. The network uses the following process to forward Layer 3 traffic from a VM to the destination:

1.     The VM sends an ARP request to obtain the MAC address of the VSI interface that acts as the gateway, and then sends the Layer 3 traffic to the centralized EVPN gateway.

2.     The local VTEP looks up the matching VSI's MAC address table and forwards the traffic to the centralized EVPN gateway through a VXLAN tunnel.

3.     The centralized EVPN gateway removes the VXLAN encapsulation and forwards the traffic at Layer 3.

4.     The centralized EVPN gateway forwards the replies sent by the destination node to the VM based on the ARP entry for the VM.

Figure 6 Example of centralized EVPN gateway deployment

 

Distributed EVPN gateway deployment

IMPORTANT

IMPORTANT:

This section uses IPv4 sites as examples to describe the Layer 3 forwarding process of EVPN networks. The Layer 3 forwarding process does not differ between IPv4 and IPv6 sites.

 

About distributed EVPN gateway deployment

As shown in Figure 7, each site's VTEP acts as a gateway to perform Layer 3 forwarding for the VXLANs of the local site. A VTEP acts as a border gateway to the Layer 3 network for the VXLANs.

Figure 7 Distributed EVPN gateway placement design

Symmetric IRB

Basic concepts

A distributed EVPN gateway uses symmetric IRB for Layer 3 forwarding, which means both the ingress and egress gateways perform Layer 2 and Layer 3 lookups. Symmetric IRB introduces the following concepts:

·     L3 VXLAN ID—Also called L3 VNI. An L3 VXLAN ID identifies the traffic of a routing domain where devices have Layer 3 reachability. An L3 VXLAN ID is associated with one VPN instance. Distributed EVPN gateways use VPN instances to isolate traffic of different services on VXLAN tunnel interfaces.

·     Router MAC address—Each distributed EVPN gateway has a unique router MAC address used for inter-gateway forwarding. The MAC addresses in the inner Ethernet header of VXLAN packets are router MAC addresses of distributed EVPN gateways. A distributed EVPN gateway selects the lowest-numbered VSI interface that is associated with an L3 VXLAN ID as its router MAC address.

VSI interfaces

As shown in Figure 8, each distributed EVPN gateway has the following types of VSI interfaces:

·     VSI interface as a gateway interface of a VXLAN—The VSI interface acts as the gateway interface for VMs in a VXLAN. The VSI interface is associated with a VSI and a VPN instance. On different distributed EVPN gateways, the VSI interface of a VXLAN use the same IP address to provide services.

·     VSI interface associated with an L3 VXLAN ID—The VSI interface is associated with a VPN instance and assigned an L3 VXLAN ID. VSI interfaces associated with the same VPN instance share an L3 VXLAN ID.

A border gateway only has VSI interfaces that are associated with an L3 VXLAN ID.

Figure 8 Example of distributed EVPN gateway deployment

Layer 3 forwarding entry learning

A distributed EVPN gateway forwards Layer 3 traffic based on FIB entries generated from BGP EVPN routes and ARP information.

A VTEP advertises an external route imported in the EVPN address family through MP-BGP. A remote VTEP adds the route to the FIB table of a VPN instance based on the L3 VXLAN ID carried in the route. In the FIB entry, the outgoing interface is a VXLAN tunnel interface, and the next hop is the peer VTEP address in the NEXT_HOP attribute of the route.

A VTEP has the following types of ARP information:

·     Local ARP information—ARP information of VMs in the local site. The VTEP snoops GARP packets, RARP packets, and ARP requests for the gateway MAC address to learn the ARP information of the senders and generates ARP entries and FIB entries. In an ARP or FIB entry, the outgoing interface is the site-facing interface where the packet is received, and the VPN instance is the instance associated with the corresponding VSI interface.

·     Remote ARP information—ARP information of VMs in remote sites. Each VTEP uses MP-BGP to advertise its local ARP information with L3 VXLAN IDs in routes to remote sites. A VTEP generates only FIB entries for the remote ARP information. A FIB entry contains the following information:

¡     Outgoing interface: VSI interface associated with the L3 VXLAN ID.

¡     Next hop: Peer VTEP address in the NEXT_HOP attribute of the route.

¡     VPN instance: VPN instance associated with the L3 VXLAN ID.

The VTEP then creates an ARP entry for the next hop in the FIB entry.

Traffic forwarding

A distributed EVPN gateway can work in one of the following mode:

·     Switching and routing mode—Forwards Layer 2 traffic based on the MAC address table and forwards Layer 3 traffic based on the FIB table. In this mode, you need to enable ARP flood suppression on the distributed EVPN gateway to reduce flooding.

·     Routing mode— Forwards both Layer 2 and Layer 3 traffic based on the FIB table. In this mode, you need to enable local proxy ARP on the distributed EVPN gateway.

For more information about MAC address table-based Layer 2 forwarding, see "Unicast."

Figure 9 shows the intra-site Layer 3 forwarding process.

1.     The source VM sends an ARP request to obtain the MAC address of the destination VM.

2.     The gateway replies to the source VM with the MAC address of the VSI interface associated with the source VM's VSI.

3.     The source VM sends a Layer 3 packet to the gateway.

4.     The gateway looks up the FIB table of the VPN instance associated with the source VM's VSI and finds the matching outgoing site-facing interface.

5.     The gateway processes the Ethernet header of the Layer 3 packet as follows:

¡     Replaces the destination MAC address with the destination VM's MAC address.

¡     Replaces the source MAC address with the VSI interface's MAC address.

6.     The gateway forwards the Layer 3 packet to the destination VM.

Figure 9 Intra-site Layer 3 forwarding

 

Figure 10 shows the inter-site Layer 3 forwarding process.

1.     The source VM sends an ARP request to obtain the MAC address of the destination VM.

2.     The gateway replies to the source VM with the MAC address of the VSI interface associated with the source VM's VSI.

3.     The source VM sends a Layer 3 packet to the gateway.

4.     The gateway looks up the FIB table of the VPN instance associated with the source VM's VSI and finds the matching outgoing VSI interface.

5.     The gateway processes the Ethernet header of the Layer 3 packet as follows:

¡     Replaces the destination MAC address with the destination gateway's router MAC address.

¡     Replaces the source MAC address with its own router MAC address.

6.     The gateway adds VXLAN encapsulation to the Layer 3 packet and forwards the packet to the destination gateway. The encapsulated VXLAN ID is the L3 VXLAN ID of the corresponding VPN instance.

7.     The destination gateway identifies the VPN instance of the packet based on the L3 VXLAN ID and removes the VXLAN encapsulation. Then the gateway forwards the packet based on the matching ARP entry.

Figure 10 Inter-site Layer 3 forwarding

 

Communication between private and public networks

A distributed EVPN gateway uses the public instance to perform Layer 3 forwarding for the public network and to enable communication between private and public networks. The public instance is similar to a VPN instance. A distributed EVPN gateway processes traffic of the public instance in the same way it does for a VPN instance. For the public instance to work correctly, you must configure an RD, an L3 VXLAN ID, and route targets for it. If a VSI interface is not associated with any VPN instance, the VSI interface belongs to the public instance.

Asymmetric IRB

IMPORTANT

IMPORTANT:

This feature is supported only in Release 6616 and later.

 

VSI interfaces

Asymmetric IRB uses the same distributed EVPN gateway deployment as symmetric IRB.

As shown in Figure 8, each distributed EVPN gateway has the following types of VSI interfaces:

·     VSI interface as a gateway interface of a VXLAN—The VSI interface is associated with a VSI and a VPN instance. On different distributed EVPN gateways, the VSI interface of a VXLAN must use different IP addresses to provide services.

·     VSI interface associated with an L3 VXLAN ID—The VSI interface acts as the gateway for VMs in a VXLAN to communicate with the external network through the border gateway. The VSI interface is associated with a VPN instance and assigned an L3 VXLAN ID. VSI interfaces associated with the same VPN instance share an L3 VXLAN ID.

A border gateway only has VSI interfaces that are associated with an L3 VXLAN ID.

Layer 3 forwarding

Asymmetric IRB supports only Layer 3 forwarding in the same VXLAN on distributed EVPN gateways.

After a distributed EVPN gateway learns ARP information about local VMs, it advertises the information to other distributed EVPN gateways through MAC/IP advertisement routes. Other distributed EVPN gateways generate FIB entries based on the advertised ARP information.

As shown in Figure 11, VM 1 and VM 2 belong to VXLAN 10 and they can reach each other at Layer 3 through the distributed EVPN gateways. The distributed EVPN gateways use the following process to perform Layer 3 forwarding in asymmetric IRB mode when VM 1 sends a packet to VM 2:

1.     After GW 1 receives the packet from VM 1, it finds that the destination MAC address is itself. Then, GW 1 removes the Layer 2 frame header and looks up the FIB table for the destination IP address.

2.     GW 1 matches the packet to the FIB entry generated based on the ARP information of VM 2.

3.     GW 1 encapsulates the packet source and destination MAC addresses as the MAC addresses of GW 1 and VM 2, respectively. Then, GW 1 adds VXLAN encapsulation to the packet and forwards the packet to GW 2 through a VXLAN tunnel.

4.     GW 2 removes the VXLAN encapsulation from the packet, and performs Layer 2 forwarding in VXLAN 10 by looking up the MAC address table for the destination MAC address.

5.     GW 2 forwards the packet to VM 2 based on the MAC address table lookup result.

Figure 11 Layer 3 forwarding in the same VXLAN (asymmetric IRB)

EVPN VXLAN multihoming

About EVPN multihoming

As shown in Figure 12, EVPN supports deploying multiple VTEPs at a site for redundancy and high availability. On the redundant VTEPs, Ethernet links connected to the site form an Ethernet segment (ES) that is uniquely identified by an Ethernet segment identifier (ESI).

Figure 12 EVPN multihoming

DF election

To prevent redundant VTEPs from sending duplicate flood traffic to a multihomed site, a designated forwarder (DF) is elected from the VTEPs for each AC to forward flood traffic to the AC. VTEPs that fail the election are assigned the backup designated forwarder (BDF) role. BDFs of an AC do not forward flood traffic to the AC.

A remote VTEP takes part in the DF election of a multihomed site. Redundant VTEPs of the site send Ethernet segment routes to the remote VTEP to advertise ES and VTEP IP mappings. Then, the VTEPs select a DF for each AC based on the ES and VTEP IP mappings by using the following procedure:

1.     Arrange source IP addresses in Ethernet segment routes with the same ESI in ascending order and assign a sequence number to each IP address, starting from 0.

2.     Divide the lowest VLAN ID permitted on an AC by the number of the redundant VTEPs, and match the reminder to the sequence numbers of IP addresses.

3.     Assign the DF role to the VTEP that uses the IP address with the matching sequence number.

The following uses AC 1 in Figure 13 as an example to explain the DF election procedure:

1.     VTEP 1 and VTEP 2 send Ethernet segment routes to VTEP 3.

2.     Sequence numbers 0 and 1 are assigned to IP addresses 1.1.1.1 and 2.2.2.2 in the Ethernet segment routes, respectively.

3.     The VTEPs divide 4 (the lowest VLAN ID permitted by AC 1) by 2 (the number of redundant VTEPs), and match the reminder 0 to the sequence numbers of the IP addresses.

4.     The DF role is assigned to VTEP 1 at 1.1.1.1.

Figure 13 DF election

Split horizon

In a multihomed site, a VTEP forwards multicast, broadcast, and unknown unicast frames received from ACs out of all site-facing interfaces and VXLAN tunnels in the corresponding VXLAN, except for the incoming interface. As a result, the other VTEPs at the site receive these flood frames and forward them to site-facing interfaces, which causes duplicate floods and loops. EVPN introduces split horizon to resolve this issue. Split horizon disables a VTEP from forwarding flood traffic received from another local VTEP to site-facing interfaces if an ES on that local VTEP has the same ESI as these interfaces. As shown in Figure 14, both VTEP 1 and VTEP 2 have ES 1. When receiving flood traffic from VTEP 1, VTEP 2 does not forward the traffic to interfaces with ESI 1.

Figure 14 Split horizon

Redundancy mode

The device supports the all-active redundancy mode of EVPN multihoming. This mode allows all redundant VTEPs at a multihomed site to forward broadcast, multicast, and unknown unicast traffic.

·     For flood frames received from remotes sites, a VTEP forwards them to the ACs of which it is the DF.

·     For flood frames received from the local site, a VTEP forwards them out of all site-facing interfaces and VXLAN tunnels in the corresponding VXLAN, except for the incoming interfaces. For flood frames to be sent out of a VXLAN tunnel interface, a VTEP replicates each flood frame and sends one replica to all the other VTEPs in the corresponding VXLAN.

IP aliasing

In all-active redundancy mode, all redundant VTEPs of an ES advertise the ES to remote VTEPs through MP-BGP. IP aliasing allows a remote VTEP to add the IP addresses of all the redundant VTEPs as the next hops for the MAC or ARP information received from one of these VTEPs. This mechanism creates ECMP routes between the remote VTEP and the redundant VTEPs.

ARP and ND flood suppression

ARP or ND flood suppression reduces ARP request broadcasts or ND request multicasts by enabling the VTEP to reply to ARP or ND requests on behalf of VMs.

As shown in Figure 15, this feature snoops ARP or ND requests, ARP or ND responses, and BGP EVPN routes to populate the ARP or ND flood suppression table with local and remote MAC addresses. If an ARP or ND request has a matching entry, the VTEP replies to the request on behalf of the VM. If no match is found, the VTEP floods the request to both local and remote sites.

Figure 15 ARP and ND flood suppression

 

The following uses ARP flood suppression as an example to explain the flood suppression workflow:

1.     VM 1 sends an ARP request to obtain the MAC address of VM 7.

2.     VTEP 1 creates a suppression entry for VM 1, floods the ARP request in the VXLAN, and sends the suppression entry to VTEP 2 and VTEP 3 through BGP EVPN.

3.     VTEP 2 and VTEP 3 de-encapsulate the ARP request and broadcast the request in the local site.

4.     VM 7 sends an ARP reply.

5.     VTEP 2 creates a suppression entry for VM 7, forwards the ARP reply to VTEP 1, and sends the suppression entry to VTEP 1 and VTEP 3 through BGP EVPN.

6.     VTEP 1 de-encapsulates the ARP reply and forwards the ARP reply to VM 1.

7.     VM 4 sends an ARP request to obtain the MAC address of VM 1.

8.     VTEP 1 creates a suppression entry for VM 4 and replies to the ARP request.

9.     VM 10 sends an ARP request to obtain the MAC address of VM 1.

10.     VTEP 3 creates a suppression entry for VM 10 and replies to the ARP request.

MAC mobility

MAC mobility refers to that a VM or host moves from one ES to another. The source VTEP is unaware of the MAC move event. To notify other VTEPs of the change, the destination VTEP advertises a MAC/IP advertisement route for the MAC address. The source VTEP withdraws the old route for the MAC address after receiving the new route. The MAC/IP advertisement route has a sequence number that increases when the MAC address moves. The sequence number identifies the most recent move if the MAC address moves multiple times.

EVPN distributed relay

IMPORTANT

IMPORTANT:

You can use EVPN distributed relay on IPv4 sites extended by IPv4 underlay networks or on IPv6 sites extended by IPv4 or IPv6 underlay networks.

As shown in Figure 16, EVPN distributed relay virtualizes two VTEPs or EVPN gateways into one distributed-relay (DR) system through Distributed Resilient Network Interconnect (DRNI) to avoid single points of failure. The VTEPs or EVPN gateways are called DR member devices. For more information about DRNI, see Layer 2—LAN Switching Configuration Guide.

EVPN distributed relay uses the following mechanisms:

·     VM reachability information synchronization—To ensure VM reachability information consistency in the DR system, the DR member devices synchronize MAC address entries and ARP information with each other through an intra-portal link (IPL). The IPL can be an Ethernet aggregate link or a VXLAN tunnel.

 

·     IMPORTANT

IMPORTANT:

The VXLAN tunnel that acts as the IPL is automatically associated with all VXLANs on each DR member device.

 

·     Virtual VTEP address—The DR member devices use a virtual VTEP address to set up VXLAN tunnels with remote VTEPs or EVPN gateways.

·     Independent BGP neighbor relationship establishment—The DR member devices use different BGP peer addresses to establish neighbor relationships with remote devices. For load sharing and link redundancy, a neighbor sends traffic destined for the virtual VTEP address to both of the DR member devices through ECMP routes of the underlay network.

·     Site-facing link redundancy—As shown in Figure 16, a VM accesses the EVPN network through multiple Ethernet links that connect to the VTEPs. On each VTEP, all site-facing Ethernet links are assigned to a Layer 2 aggregation group for high availability. On the corresponding Layer 2 aggregate interfaces, Ethernet service instances are configured as ACs of VXLANs to match customer traffic.

¡     If you specify the Ethernet aggregate link between the VTEPs as the IPL, the site-facing link backup mechanism is as follows:

When a site-facing AC is configured on a DR member device, the device automatically creates an AC on the IPL with the same traffic match criterion as the site-facing AC. Then, it maps the automatically created AC to the VSI of the site-facing AC. When the site-facing AC is down, traffic that a remote device sends to the AC is forwarded to the other DR member device through the IPL. This mechanism ensures service continuity in case of AC failure.

¡     If a VXLAN tunnel acts as the IPL, the site-facing link backup mechanism is as follows:

If a site-facing AC on a DR member device is down, traffic received from a VXLAN tunnel and destined for the AC will be encapsulated into VXLAN packets. The VXLAN ID belongs to the VXLAN that is associated with the VSI of the site-facing AC. The DR member device forwards the VXLAN packets through the IPL VXLAN tunnel to the peer DR member device. The peer DR member device assigns the traffic to the correct VSI based on the VXLAN ID in the received packets.

Figure 16 EVPN distributed relay

 

Configuring EVPN VXLAN

Restrictions and guidelines: EVPN VXLAN configuration

Make sure the following VXLAN tunnels are not associated with the same VXLAN when they have the same tunnel destination IP address:

·     A VXLAN tunnel automatically created by EVPN.

·     A manually created VXLAN tunnel.

For more information about manual tunnel configuration, see VXLAN Configuration Guide.

As a best practice to ensure correct traffic forwarding, configure the same MAC address for all VSI interfaces on an EVPN gateway.

If an Ethernet service instance in VLAN access mode matches custom traffic by CVLAN and SVLAN IDs, the tunneled Layer 3 packets sent by the VTEP include the CVLAN ID in the inner Ethernet header.

If two tiers of spine devices act as RRs in the transport network, execute the peer route-update-interval command to speed up network convergence after device or link failure occurs. For more information about this command, see BGP commands in Layer 3—IP Routing Command Reference.

EVPN VXLAN tasks at a glance

To configure EVPN VXLAN, perform the following tasks:

1.     Setting the VXLAN hardware resource mode

2.     Configuring a VXLAN on a VSI

a.     Creating a VXLAN on a VSI

b.     (Optional.) Configuring VSI parameters

3.     Configuring an EVPN instance

4.     (Optional.) Configuring EVPN multihoming

a.     Assigning an ESI to an interface

b.     (Optional.) Setting the DF election delay

c.     Disabling advertisement of EVPN multihoming routes

5.     Configuring BGP to advertise BGP EVPN routes

a.     Enabling BGP to advertise BGP EVPN routes

b.     (Optional.) Configuring BGP EVPN route settings

c.     (Optional.) Maintaining BGP sessions

6.     Mapping ACs to a VSI

7.     Configuring an EVPN gateway

Choose one of the following tasks:

¡     Configuring a centralized EVPN gateway

¡     Configuring a distributed EVPN gateway

8.     (Optional.) Managing remote MAC address entries and remote ARP or ND learning

¡     Disabling remote MAC address learning and remote ARP or ND learning

¡     Disabling MAC address advertisement

¡     Enabling MAC mobility event suppression

¡     Disabling learning of MAC addresses from ARP or ND information

¡     Disabling ARP information advertisement

¡     Disabling the VSI interface on a centralized EVPN gateway from learning ARP or ND information across subnets

¡     Enabling ARP mobility event suppression

¡     Enabling ARP request proxy

9.     (Optional.) Enabling conversational learning for forwarding entries

To save device hardware resources, remote MAC entries and host route FIB entries are issued to the hardware only when the entries are required for packet forwarding.

¡     Enabling conversational learning for remote MAC address entries

¡     Enabling conversational learning for host route FIB entries

¡     Enabling conversational learning for IPv6 host route FIB entries

10.     (Optional.) Configuring BGP EVPN route redistribution and advertisement

¡     Redistributing MAC/IP advertisement routes into BGP unicast routing tables

¡     Enabling BGP EVPN route advertisement to the local site

11.     (Optional.) Maintaining and optimizing an EVPN network

¡     Disabling flooding for a VSI

¡     Enabling ARP or ND flood suppression

¡     Enabling packet statistics for VXLAN tunnels

¡     Enabling packet statistics for a VSI interface

¡     Setting the L2VPN statistics collection interval

¡     Testing the connectivity of a VXLAN tunnel

12.     (Optional.) Configuring EVPN distributed relay

Perform this task to virtualize two VTEPs or EVPN gateways into one DR system to avoid single points of failure.

Setting the VXLAN hardware resource mode

About this task

The device supports the following VXLAN hardware resource modes:

·     l2gw—Layer 2 gateway mode.

·     l3gw—Layer 3 gateway mode.

You must set the VXLAN hardware resource mode to l3gw on EDs of an EVPN-DCI network.

Restrictions and guidelines

For the hardware resource mode to take effect, you must reboot the device.

Procedure

1.     Enter system view.

system-view

2.     Set the VXLAN hardware resource mode.

hardware-resource vxlan { l2gw | l3gw }

By default, the VXLAN hardware resource mode is l2gw.

For more information about this command, see VXLAN Command Reference.

Configuring a VXLAN on a VSI

Restrictions and guidelines for VXLAN configuration on a VSI

For more information about the VXLAN commands in this task, see VXLAN Command Reference.

Creating a VXLAN on a VSI

1.     Enter system view.

system-view

2.     Enable L2VPN.

l2vpn enable

By default, L2VPN is disabled.

3.     Create a VSI and enter VSI view.

vsi vsi-name

4.     Enable the VSI.

undo shutdown

By default, a VSI is enabled.

5.     Create a VXLAN and enter VXLAN view.

vxlan vxlan-id

You can create only one VXLAN on a VSI. The VXLAN ID must be unique for each VSI.

Configuring VSI parameters

1.     Enter system view.

system-view

2.     Enter VSI view.

vsi vsi-name

3.     Configure a VSI description.

description text

By default, a VSI does not have a description.

4.     Set the MTU for the VSI.

mtu size

The default MTU is 1500 bytes for a VSI.

5.     Set the maximum bandwidth for known unicast traffic of the VSI.

bandwidth bandwidth

By default, the maximum bandwidth is not limited for known unicast traffic of a VSI.

6.     Set the broadcast, unknown multicast, or unknown unicast restraint bandwidth for the VSI.

restrain { broadcast | multicast | unknown-unicast } bandwidth

By default, a VSI's broadcast restraint bandwidth, unknown multicast restraint bandwidth, and unknown unicast restraint bandwidth are not set.

7.     Enable MAC address learning for the VSI.

mac-learning enable

By default, MAC address learning is enabled for a VSI.

Configuring an EVPN instance

About EVPN instance configuration

If a VXLAN requires only Layer 2 connectivity, you do not need to associate a VPN instance with it. The BGP EVPN routes advertised by a VTEP carry the RD and route targets configured for the EVPN instance associated with the VXLAN.

Configuring an EVPN instance created in VSI view

1.     Enter system view.

system-view

2.     Enter VSI view.

vsi vsi-name

3.     Create an EVPN instance and enter EVPN instance view.

evpn encapsulation vxlan

4.     Configure an RD for the EVPN instance.

route-distinguisher { route-distinguisher | auto [ router-id ] }

By default, no RD is configured for an EVPN instance.

5.     Configure route targets for the EVPN instance.

vpn-target { vpn-target&<1-8> | auto } [ both | export-extcommunity | import-extcommunity ]

By default, an EVPN instance does not have route targets.

Make sure the following requirements are met:

¡     The import targets of the EVPN instance do not match the export targets of the VPN instance associated with the VXLAN or the public instance.

¡     The export targets of the EVPN instance do not match the import targets of the VPN instance associated with the VXLAN or the public instance.

For more information about VPN instance configuration and public instance configuration, see "Configuring an L3 VXLAN ID for a VSI interface."

Configuring EVPN multihoming

Restrictions and guidelines for EVPN multihoming

In a multihomed site, AC configuration and VXLAN IDs must be consistent on redundant VTEPs of the same ES. For each VXLAN ID, you must configure unique RDs for the EVPN instance of VSIs on the redundant VTEPs. You must configure different RDs for the VPN instances and the public instance that use the same VXLAN IP gateway.

Assigning an ESI to an interface

About this task

An ESI uniquely identifies an ES. The links on interfaces with the same ESI belong to the same ES. Traffic of the ES can be distributed among the links for load sharing.

Procedure

1.     Enter system view.

system-view

2.     Enter interface view.

¡     Enter Layer 2 Ethernet interface view.

interface interface-type interface-number

¡     Enter Layer 2 aggregate interface view.

interface bridge-aggregation interface-number

¡     Enter Layer 3 Ethernet interface view.

interface interface-type interface-number

¡     Enter Layer 3 aggregate interface view.

interface route-aggregation interface-number

3.     Assign an ESI to the interface.

esi esi-id

By default, no ESI is assigned to an interface.

Setting the DF election delay

About this task

The DF election can be triggered by site-facing interface status changes, redundant VTEP membership changes, and interface ESI changes. To prevent frequent DF elections from degrading network performance, set the DF election delay. The DF election delay defines the minimum interval allowed between two DF elections.

Procedure

1.     Enter system view.

system-view

2.     Set the DF election delay.

evpn multihoming timer df-delay delay-value

By default, the DF election delay is 3 seconds.

Disabling advertisement of EVPN multihoming routes

About this task

EVPN multihoming routes include Ethernet auto-discovery routes and Ethernet segment routes.

In a multihomed EVPN network, perform this task on a redundant VTEP before you reboot it. This operation allows other VTEPs to refresh their EVPN routing table to prevent traffic interruption caused by the reboot.

Procedure

1.     Enter system view.

system-view

2.     Disable advertisement of EVPN multihoming routes and withdraw the EVPN multihoming routes that have been advertised to remote sites.

evpn multihoming advertise disable

By default, the device advertises EVPN multihoming routes.

Configuring BGP to advertise BGP EVPN routes

Restrictions and guidelines for BGP EVPN route advertisement

For more information about BGP commands in this task, see Layer 3—IP Routing Command Reference.

Enabling BGP to advertise BGP EVPN routes

1.     Enter system view.

system-view

2.     Configure a global router ID.

router id router-id

By default, no global router ID is configured.

3.     Enable a BGP instance and enter BGP instance view.

bgp as-number [ instance instance-name ]

By default, BGP is disabled and no BGP instances exist.

4.     Specify remote VTEPs as BGP peers.

peer { group-name | ipv4-address [ mask-length ] | ipv6-address [ prefix-length ] } as-number as-number

5.     Create the BGP EVPN address family and enter BGP EVPN address family view.

address-family l2vpn evpn

6.     Enable BGP to exchange BGP EVPN routes with a peer or peer group.

peer { group-name | ipv4-address [ mask-length ] | ipv6-address [ prefix-length ] } enable

By default, BGP does not exchange BGP EVPN routes with peers.

Configuring BGP EVPN route settings

Configuring BGP EVPN to advertise default routes

1.     Enter system view.

system-view

2.     Enter BGP instance view.

bgp as-number [ instance instance-name ]

3.     Enter BGP EVPN address family view.

address-family l2vpn evpn

4.     Advertise a default route to a peer or peer group.

peer { group-name | ipv4-address [ mask-length ] | ipv6-address [ prefix-length ] } default-route-advertise { ipv4 | ipv6 } vpn-instance vpn-instance-name

By default, no default route is advertised to any peers or peer groups.

Configuring attributes of BGP EVPN routes

1.     Enter system view.

system-view

2.     Enter BGP instance view.

bgp as-number [ instance instance-name ]

3.     Enter BGP EVPN address family view.

address-family l2vpn evpn

4.     Permit the local AS number to appear in routes from a peer or peer group and set the number of appearances.

peer { group-name | ipv4-address [ mask-length ] | ipv6-address [ prefix-length ] } allow-as-loop [ number ]

By default, the local AS number is not allowed in routes from peers.

5.     Configure the device to not change the next hop of routes advertised to an EBGP peer or peer group.

peer { group-name | ipv4-address [ mask-length ] | ipv6-address [ prefix-length ] } next-hop-invariable

By default, the device uses its address as the next hop of routes advertised to EBGP peers.

6.     Advertise the COMMUNITY attribute to a peer or peer group.

peer { group-name | ipv4-address [ mask-length ] | ipv6-address [ prefix-length ] } advertise-community

By default, the device does not advertise the COMMUNITY attribute to peers or peer groups.

7.     Remove the default-gateway extended community attribute from the EVPN gateway routes advertised to a peer or peer group.

peer { group-name | ipv4-address [ mask-length ] | ipv6-address [ prefix-length ] } default-gateway no-advertise

By default, EVPN gateway routes advertised to peers and peer groups contain the default-gateway extended community attribute.

Configuring optimal BGP EVPN route selection

1.     Enter system view.

system-view

2.     Enter BGP instance view.

bgp as-number [ instance instance-name ]

3.     Enter BGP EVPN address family view.

address-family l2vpn evpn

4.     Configure BGP to prefer routes with an IPv6 next hop during optimal route selection.

bestroute ipv6-nexthop

By default, BGP prefer routes with an IPv4 next hop during optimal route selection.

5.     (Optional.) Set the optimal route selection delay timer.

route-select delay delay-value

By default, the optimal route selection delay timer is 0 seconds, which means optimal route selection is not delayed.

Configuring BGP route reflection

1.     Enter system view.

system-view

2.     Enter BGP instance view.

bgp as-number [ instance instance-name ]

3.     Enter BGP EVPN address family view.

address-family l2vpn evpn

4.     Configure the device as an RR and specify a peer or peer group as its client.

peer { group-name | ipv4-address [ mask-length ] | ipv6-address [ prefix-length ] } reflect-client

By default, no RR or client is configured.

5.     (Optional.) Enable BGP EVPN route reflection between clients.

reflect between-clients

By default, BGP EVPN route reflection between clients is enabled.

6.     (Optional.) Configure the cluster ID of the RR.

reflector cluster-id { cluster-id | ipv4-address }

By default, an RR uses its own router ID as the cluster ID.

7.     (Optional.) Create a reflection policy for the RR to filter reflected BGP EVPN routes.

rr-filter ext-comm-list-number

By default, an RR does not filter reflected BGP EVPN routes.

8.     (Optional.) Enable the RR to change the attributes of routes to be reflected.

reflect change-path-attribute

By default, an RR cannot change the attributes of routes to be reflected.

Filtering BGP EVPN routes

1.     Enter system view.

system-view

2.     Enter BGP instance view.

bgp as-number [ instance instance-name ]

3.     Enter BGP EVPN address family view.

address-family l2vpn evpn

4.     Apply a routing policy to routes received from or advertised to a peer or peer group.

peer { group-name | ipv4-address [ mask-length ] | ipv6-address [ prefix-length ] } route-policy route-policy-name { export | import }

By default, no routing policies are applied to routes received from or advertised to peers or peer groups.

5.     Enable route target filtering for BGP EVPN routes.

policy vpn-target

By default, route target filtering is enabled for BGP EVPN routes.

Maintaining BGP sessions

Perform the following tasks in user view:

·     Reset BGP sessions of the BGP EVPN address family.

reset bgp [ instance instance-name ] { as-number | ipv4-address [ mask-length ] | ipv6-address [ prefix-length ] | all | external | group group-name | internal } l2vpn evpn

·     Soft-reset BGP sessions of the BGP EVPN address family.

refresh bgp [ instance instance-name ] { ipv4-address [ mask-length ] | ipv6-address [ prefix-length ] | all | external | group group-name | internal } { export | import } l2vpn evpn

Mapping ACs to a VSI

Restrictions and guidelines for AC-to-VSI mapping

An Ethernet interface might reflect back the ARP, ND, DHCP, and DHCPv6 packets that do not match the Ethernet service instances on the interface. To resolve this issue, assign the Ethernet interface to a port isolation group to disable it from reflecting packets back.

Mapping a static Ethernet service instance to a VSI

About this task

A static Ethernet service instance matches a list of VLANs on a site-facing interface by using a frame match criterion. The VTEP assigns traffic from the VLANs to a VXLAN by mapping the Ethernet service instance to a VSI. The VSI performs Layer 2 forwarding for the VLANs based on its MAC address table.

For more information about the VXLAN commands in this task, see VXLAN Command Reference.

For information about the frame match criterion configuration restrictions and guidelines of Ethernet service instances, see VXLAN Command Reference.

Restrictions and guidelines

Ethernet service instance bindings of VSIs are mutually exclusive with VLAN mapping, QinQ, port bridging, and port security on a Layer 2 Ethernet interface or Layer 2 aggregate interface. Do not configure these features simultaneously on the same interface. Otherwise, the features cannot take effect.

Do not configure an aggregate interface as an edge aggregate interface if it has Ethernet service instances. If you have to create Ethernet service instances on an edge aggregate interface, also configure the interface and its subinterfaces as ACs.

If multiple Ethernet service instances on an interface match the same outer VLAN tags, do not configure them to match different inner VLAN tags.

Procedure

1.     Enter system view.

system-view

2.     Enter interface view.

¡     Enter Layer 2 Ethernet interface view.

interface interface-type interface-number

¡     Enter Layer 2 aggregate interface view.

interface bridge-aggregation interface-number

3.     Create an Ethernet service instance and enter Ethernet service instance view.

service-instance instance-id

4.     Choose one option to configure a frame match criterion.

¡     Match frames with the specified outer VLAN tags.

encapsulation s-vid vlan-id [ only-tagged ]

encapsulation s-vid vlan-id-list

¡     Match frames with the specified inner and outer VLAN tags.

encapsulation s-vid vlan-id-list c-vid vlan-id

encapsulation s-vid vlan-id c-vid { vlan-id | all }

¡     Match any VLAN tagged or untagged frames.

encapsulation { tagged | untagged }

¡     Match frames that do not match any other service instance on the interface.

encapsulation default

An interface can contain only one Ethernet service instance that uses the encapsulation default criterion.

An Ethernet service instance that uses the encapsulation default criterion matches any frames if it is the only instance on the interface.

By default, an Ethernet service instance does not contain a frame match criterion.

5.     Map the Ethernet service instance to a VSI.

xconnect vsi vsi-name [ access-mode { ethernet | vlan } ] [ track track-entry-number&<1-3> ]

By default, an Ethernet service instance is not mapped to any VSI.

Mapping dynamic Ethernet service instances to VSIs

About this task

The 802.1X or MAC authentication feature can use the authorization VSI, the guest VSI, the Auth-Fail VSI, and the critical VSI to control the access of users to network resources. When assigning a user to a VSI, 802.1X or MAC authentication sends the VXLAN feature the VSI information and the user's access information, including access interface, VLAN, and MAC address. Then the VXLAN feature creates a dynamic Ethernet service instance for the user and maps it to the VSI. For more information about 802.1X authentication and MAC authentication, see Security Configuration Guide.

A dynamic Ethernet service instance supports the following traffic match modes:

·     VLAN-based mode—Matches frames by VLAN ID.

·     MAC-based mode—Matches frames by VLAN ID and source MAC address.

By default, dynamic Ethernet service instances use VLAN-based traffic match mode. To use MAC-based traffic match mode for dynamic Ethernet service instances, you must enable MAC authentication or 802.1X authentication that uses MAC-based access control.

Configuring the VLAN-based traffic match mode

To use the VLAN-based traffic match mode, configure 802.1X authentication or MAC authentication and perform one of the following tasks:

·     Configure the guest VSI, Auth-Fail VSI, or critical VSI on the 802.1X- or MAC authentication-enabled interface.

·     Issue an authorization VSI to an 802.1X or MAC authentication user from a remote AAA server.

Then, the device will automatically create a dynamic Ethernet service instance for the 802.1X or MAC authentication user and map the Ethernet service instance to a VSI.

For more information about configuring 802.1X authentication and MAC authentication, see Security Configuration Guide.

Configuring the MAC-based traffic match mode

1.     Enter system view.

system-view

2.     Enter interface view.

¡     Enter Layer 2 Ethernet interface view.

interface interface-type interface-number

¡     Enter Layer 2 aggregate interface view.

interface bridge-aggregation interface-number

3.     Enable MAC-based traffic match mode for dynamic Ethernet service instances on the interface.

mac-based ac

By default, VLAN-based traffic match mode is used for dynamic Ethernet service instances.

For more information about this command, see VXLAN Command Reference.

4.     Enable MAC authentication or 802.1X authentication that uses MAC-based access control.

To use the MAC-based traffic match mode, configure MAC authentication or 802.1X authentication that uses MAC-based access control and perform one of the following tasks:

¡     Configure the guest VSI, Auth-Fail VSI, or critical VSI on the 802.1X- or MAC authentication-enabled interface.

¡     Issue an authorization VSI to an 802.1X or MAC authentication user from a remote AAA server.

Then, the device will automatically create a dynamic Ethernet service instance for the 802.1X or MAC authentication user and map the Ethernet service instance to a VSI.

For more information about configuring 802.1X authentication and MAC authentication, see Security Configuration Guide.

Configuring a centralized EVPN gateway

Restrictions and guidelines

If an EVPN network contains a centralized EVPN gateway, you must enable ARP or ND flood suppression on VTEPs. Typically remote ARP or ND learning is disabled in an EVPN network. When ARP or ND requests for the gateway MAC address are sent to the centralized EVPN gateway through VXLAN tunnels, the gateway does not respond to the requests. If ARP or ND flood suppression is disabled on VTEPs, VMs cannot obtain the MAC address of the gateway.

Prerequisites

You must set the VXLAN hardware resource mode to Layer 3 gateway.

Procedure

1.     Enter system view.

system-view

2.     Create a VSI interface and enter VSI interface view.

interface vsi-interface vsi-interface-id

For more information about this command, see VXLAN Command Reference.

3.     Assign an IP address to the VSI interface.

IPv4:

ip address ip-address { mask | mask-length } [ sub ]

IPv6:

See IPv6 basics in Layer 3—IP Services Configuration Guide.

By default, no IP address is assigned to a VSI interface.

4.     Return to system view.

quit

5.     Enter VSI view.

vsi vsi-name

6.     Specify the VSI interface as the gateway interface for the VSI.

gateway vsi-interface vsi-interface-id

By default, no gateway interface is specified for a VSI.

For more information about this command, see VXLAN Command Reference.

Configuring a distributed EVPN gateway

Restrictions and guidelines for distributed EVPN gateway configuration

When you configure VSI interfaces on a distributed EVPN gateway, follow these restrictions and guidelines:

·     Do not assign reserved MAC addresses to VSI interfaces. The reserved MAC addresses of different device models are as follows:

 

Hardware

Reserved MAC address range

S6805/S6825 series

Bridge MAC address to bridge MAC address + 109

S6850-56HF

Bridge MAC address to bridge MAC address + 131

S6850-2C

Bridge MAC address to bridge MAC address + 121

S9850-4C/S9850-32H

Bridge MAC address to bridge MAC address + 179

 

·     You must assign the same MAC address to the VSI interfaces with L3 VXLAN IDs associated. A distributed EVPN gateway selects the lowest-numbered VSI interface from those VSI interfaces to provide the router MAC address.

·     On distributed EVPN gateways, you must assign the same MAC address and IP address to the VSI interfaces that act as the gateway for the same VXLAN.

·     If a distributed EVPN gateway is connected to an IPv6 site, make sure the VSI interfaces with L3 VXLAN IDs associated use the same link-local address.

As a best practice, do not use ARP flood suppression and local proxy ARP or ND flood suppression and local ND proxy together on distributed EVPN gateways. If both ARP flood suppression and local proxy ARP are enabled on a distributed EVPN gateway, only local proxy ARP takes effect. If both ND flood suppression and local ND proxy are enabled on a distributed EVPN gateway, only local ND proxy takes effect.

On a distributed EVPN gateway, make sure the VSI interfaces configured with L3 VXLAN IDs use the same MAC address. To modify the MAC address of a VSI interface, use the mac-address command.

Prerequisites for distributed EVPN gateway configuration

You must set the VXLAN hardware resource mode to Layer 3 gateway.

For a VXLAN to access the external network, specify the VXLAN's VSI interface on the border gateway as the next hop on distributed EVPN gateways by using one of the following methods:

·     Configure a static route.

·     Configure a routing policy, and apply the policy by using the apply default-next-hop or apply next-hop command. For more information about configuring routing policies, see routing policy configuration or IPv6 routing policy configuration in Layer 3—IP Routing Configuration Guide.

Configuring the traffic forwarding mode for EVPN VXLAN

Software version and feature compatibility

This feature is supported only in Release 6616 and later.

Restrictions and guidelines

The asymmetric IRB mode is supported only on distributed EVPN gateways. The mode takes effect only on Layer 3 traffic forwarded in the same VXLAN. In addition, the same VSI interface on different distributed EVPN gateways must have different IP addresses.

Procedure

1.     Enter system view.

system-view

2.     Configure the traffic forwarding mode for EVPN VXLAN. Choose one of the following options:

¡     Enable asymmetric IRB mode.

evpn irb asymmetric [ route-policy route-policy-name ]

¡     Enable symmetric IRB mode.

undo evpn irb asymmetric

By default, a distributed EVPN gateway forwards EVPN VXLAN traffic in symmetric IRB mode.

Configuring a VSI interface

About this task

To save Layer 3 interface resources on a distributed EVPN gateway, multiple VSIs can share one VSI interface. You can assign multiple IP addresses to the VSI interface for the VSIs to use as gateway addresses.

When VSIs share a VSI interface, you must specify the subnet of each VSI for the VSI interface to identify the VSI of a packet. The subnets must be unique.

Procedure

1.     Enter system view.

system-view

2.     Create a VSI interface and enter VSI interface view.

interface vsi-interface vsi-interface-id

For more information about this command, see VXLAN Command Reference.

3.     Assign an IP address to the VSI interface.

IPv4:

ip address ip-address { mask | mask-length } [ sub ]

IPv6:

See IPv6 basics in Layer 3—IP Services Configuration Guide.

By default, no IP address is assigned to a VSI interface.

4.     Assign a MAC address to the VSI interface.

mac-address mac-address

By default, the MAC address of VSI interfaces is the default MAC address of Layer 3 Ethernet interfaces.

To ensure correct forwarding after VM migration, you must assign the same MAC address to the VSI interfaces of a VXLAN on all distributed gateways.

5.     Specify the VSI interface as a distributed gateway.

distributed-gateway local

By default, a VSI interface is not a distributed gateway.

For more information about this command, see VXLAN Command Reference.

6.     (Optional.) Enable local proxy ARP or local ND proxy.

IPv4:

local-proxy-arp enable [ ip-range startIP to endIP ]

By default, local proxy ARP is disabled.

For more information about the command, see proxy ARP commands in Layer 3—IP Services Command Reference.

IPv6:

local-proxy-nd enable

By default, local ND proxy is disabled.

For more information about the commands, see IPv6 basic commands Layer 3—IP Services Command Reference.

7.     Return to system view.

quit

8.     Enter VSI view.

vsi vsi-name

9.     Specify the VSI interface as the gateway interface for the VSI.

gateway vsi-interface vsi-interface-id

By default, no gateway interface is specified for a VSI.

For more information about this command, see VXLAN Command Reference.

10.     Assign a subnet to the VSI.

gateway subnet { ipv4-address wildcard-mask | ipv6-address prefix-length }

By default, no subnet exists on a VSI.

For more information about this command, see VXLAN Command Reference.

Configuring an L3 VXLAN ID for a VSI interface

Restrictions and guidelines for L3 VXLAN ID configuration

The L3 VXLAN ID of a VSI interface cannot be the same as the VXLAN ID specified by using the mapping vni command. For more information about this command, see "Configuring EVPN-DCI."

Configuring an L3 VXLAN ID for the VSI interface of a VPN instance

1.     Enter system view.

system-view

2.     Configure a VPN instance:

a.     Create a VPN instance and enter VPN instance view.

ip vpn-instance vpn-instance-name

b.     Configure an RD for the VPN instance.

route-distinguisher route-distinguisher

By default, no RD is configured for a VPN instance.

c.     Configure route targets for the VPN instance.

vpn-target { vpn-target&<1-8> [ both | export-extcommunity | import-extcommunity ]

By default, a VPN instance does not have route targets.

d.     (Optional.) Apply an export routing policy to the VPN instance.

export route-policy route-policy

By default, no export routing policy is applied to a VPN instance.

e.     (Optional.) Apply an import routing policy to the VPN instance.

import route-policy route-policy

By default, no import routing policy is applied to a VPN instance. The VPN instance accepts a route when the export route targets of the route match local import route targets.

3.     Configure EVPN on the VPN instance:

a.     Enter VPN instance EVPN view.

address-family evpn

b.     Configure route targets for EVPN on the VPN instance.

vpn-target vpn-target&<1-8> [ both | export-extcommunity | import-extcommunity ]

By default, EVPN does not have route targets on a VPN instance.

Make sure the following requirements are met:

-     The import targets of EVPN do not match the export targets of the VPN instance.

-     The export targets of EVPN do not match the import targets of the VPN instance.

c.     (Optional.) Apply an export routing policy to EVPN on the VPN instance.

export route-policy route-policy

By default, no export routing policy is applied to EVPN on a VPN instance.

d.     (Optional.) Apply an import routing policy to EVPN on the VPN instance.

import route-policy route-policy

By default, no import routing policy is applied to EVPN on a VPN instance. The VPN instance accepts a route when the route targets of the route match local import route targets.

4.     Execute the following commands in sequence to return to system view.

a.     quit

b.     quit

5.     Create a VSI interface and enter VSI interface view.

interface vsi-interface vsi-interface-id

6.     Associate the VSI interface with the VPN instance.

ip binding vpn-instance vpn-instance-name

By default, a VSI interface is not associated with a VPN instance. The interface is on the public network.

7.     Configure an L3 VXLAN ID for the VSI interface.

l3-vni vxlan-id

By default, no L3 VXLAN ID is configured for a VSI interface.

A VPN instance can have only one L3 VXLAN ID. If multiple L3 VXLAN IDs are configured for a VPN instance, the VPN instance uses the lowest one. To view the L3 VXLAN ID of a VPN instance, use the display evpn routing-table command.

Configuring an L3 VXLAN ID for the VSI interface of the public instance

1.     Enter system view.

system-view

2.     Create the public instance and enter its view.

ip public-instance

For more information about this command, see MPLS L3VPN commands in MPLS Command Reference.

3.     Configure an RD for the public instance.

route-distinguisher route-distinguisher

By default, no RD is configured for the public instance.

4.     Configure an L3 VXLAN ID for the public instance.

l3-vni vxlan-id

By default, the public instance does not have an L3 VXLAN ID.

The public instance can have only one L3 VXLAN ID. To modify the L3 VXLAN ID for the public instance, you must first delete the original L3 VXLAN ID.

5.     (Optional.) Configure route targets for the public instance.

vpn-target vpn-target&<1-8> [ both | export-extcommunity | import-extcommunity ]

By default, the public instance does not have route targets.

6.     Enter IPv4 address family view, IPv6 address family view, or EVPN view.

¡     Enter IPv4 address family view.

address-family ipv4

For more information about this command, see MPLS L3VPN commands in MPLS Command Reference.

¡     Enter IPv6 address family view.

address-family ipv6

For more information about this command, see MPLS L3VPN commands in MPLS Command Reference.

¡     Enter EVPN view.

address-family evpn

7.     Configure route targets for the IPv4 address family, IPv6 address family, or EVPN.

vpn-target vpn-target&<1-8> [ both | export-extcommunity | import-extcommunity ]

By default, the IPv4 address family, IPv6 address family, and EVPN do not have route targets on the public instance.

Make sure the following requirements are met:

¡     The import targets of an EVPN instance do not match the export targets of the public instance.

¡     The export targets of an EVPN instance do not match the import targets of the public instance.

8.     Execute the following commands in sequence to return to system view.

a.     quit

b.     quit

9.     Enter VSI interface view.

interface vsi-interface vsi-interface-id

10.     Configure an L3 VXLAN ID for the VSI interface.

l3-vni vxlan-id

By default, no L3 VXLAN ID is configured for a VSI interface.

Of the VSI interfaces associated with the public instance, a minimum of one VSI interface must use the same L3 VXLAN ID as the public instance.

Configuring IP prefix route advertisement

About this task

If IGP routes are imported to the BGP-VPN IPv4 or IPv6 unicast address family and the corresponding VPN instance has an L3 VXLAN ID, the device advertises the imported routes as IP prefix advertisement routes.

If IGP routes are imported to the BGP IPv4 or IPv6 unicast address family and the public instance has an L3 VXLAN ID, the device advertises the imported routes as IP prefix advertisement routes.

A VTEP compares the export route targets of received IP prefix advertisement routes with the import route targets configured for the IPv4 address family or IPv6 address family on a VPN instance or the public instance. If the route targets match, the VTEP accepts the routes and adds the routes to the routing table of the VPN instance or public instance.

Restrictions and guidelines

This feature is supported only by distributed EVPN gateway deployment.

For more information about the BGP commands in this task, see Layer 3—IP Routing Command Reference.

Procedure

1.     Enter system view.

system-view

2.     Enter BGP instance view.

bgp as-number [ instance instance-name ]

3.     Enter BGP address family view.

¡     Enter BGP IPv4 unicast address family view.

address-family ipv4 [ unicast ]

¡     Execute the following commands in sequence to enter BGP-VPN IPv4 unicast address family view.

ip vpn-instance vpn-instance-name

address-family ipv4 [ unicast ]

¡     Enter BGP IPv6 unicast address family view.

address-family ipv6 [ unicast ]

¡     Execute the following commands in sequence to enter BGP-VPN IPv6 unicast address family view.

ip vpn-instance vpn-instance-name

address-family ipv6 [ unicast ]

4.     Enable BGP to redistribute routes from an IGP protocol.

import-route protocol [ { process-id | all-processes } [ allow-direct | med med-value | route-policy route-policy-name ] * ]

By default, BGP does not redistribute IGP routes.

5.     (Optional.) Enable default route redistribution into the BGP routing table.

default-route imported

By default, default route redistribution into the BGP routing table is disabled.

6.     (Optional.) Configure ECMP VPN route redistribution:

a.     Return to BGP instance view.

quit

b.     Enter BGP EVPN address family view.

address-family l2vpn evpn

c.     Enable ECMP VPN route redistribution.

vpn-route cross multipath

By default, ECMP VPN route redistribution is disabled. If multiple routes have the same prefix and RD, BGP only imports the optimal route into the EVPN routing table.

ECMP VPN route redistribution enables BGP to import all routes that have the same prefix and RD into the EVPN routing table.

Configuring the EVPN global MAC address

About this task

The EVPN global MAC address is used only by VSI interfaces associated with an L3 VXLAN ID.

Restrictions and guidelines

Configure the same EVPN global MAC address on the DR member devices of a DR system. Make sure the EVPN global MAC address of a DR system is unique in the local data center and the remote data centers connected to the local data center through DCI tunnels.

As a best practice, use one of the following methods to configure the EVPN global MAC address on a DR system:

·     Use the default MAC address of a Layer 3 Ethernet interface on a DR member device as the EVPN global MAC address. As a best practice, use this method. For F6612 or an earlier version, you cannot use this method if VSI interfaces already exist on the device.

·     Use an available unicast MAC address in the range of 0001-0001-0001 to 0001-0001-FFFE as the EVPN global MAC address.

For a VSI interface associated with an L3 VXLAN ID, the MAC address assigned to it by using the mac-address command takes precedence over the EVPN global MAC address.

Procedure

1.     Enter system view.

system-view

2.     Configure the EVPN global MAC address.

evpn global-mac mac-address

By default, no EVPN global MAC address is configured.

Disabling generation of IP prefix advertisement routes for the subnets of a VSI interface

About this task

A distributed VXLAN IP gateway by default generates IP prefix advertisement routes for the subnets of VSI interfaces and advertises these routes to remote VTEPs. The remote VTEPs advertise these routes to their local sites. To disable advertisement of these routes to remote sites, you can disable generation of IP prefix advertisement routes for the subnets of VSI interfaces.

Restrictions and guidelines

This feature takes effect only on a VSI interface that provides distributed VXLAN IP gateway service (configured by using the distributed-gateway local command). It does not take effect on VSI interfaces that provide centralized VXLAN IP gateway service. The device only generates MAC/IP advertisement routes for VSI interfaces that provide centralized VXLAN IP gateway service.

Procedure

1.     Enter system view.

system-view

2.     Enter VSI interface view.

interface vsi-interface vsi-interface-id

3.     Disable generation of IP prefix advertisement routes for the subnets of the VSI interface.

ip-prefix-route generate disable

By default, the device generates IP prefix advertisement routes for the subnets of a VSI interface that provides distributed VXLAN IP gateway service.

Enabling a distributed EVPN gateway to send RA messages over VXLAN tunnels

About this task

By default, a distributed EVPN gateway drops the RS messages received from VXLAN tunnels and periodically advertises RA messages only to the local site. As a result, a distributed EVPN gateway does not send RA messages over VXLAN tunnels, and remote gateways cannot update information about the gateway based on RA messages. To resolve the issue, perform this task to enable distributed EVPN gateways to advertise RA messages over VXLAN tunnels.

Software version and feature compatibility

This feature is supported only in Release 6635 and later.

Restrictions and guidelines

For this feature to take effect, you must use the undo ipv6 nd ra halt command to disable RA message suppression on VSI interfaces. The intervals at which VSI interfaces advertise RA messages over VXLAN tunnels are determined by the ipv6 nd ra interval command. For more information about the undo ipv6 nd ra halt and ipv6 nd ra interval commands, see IPv6 basics in Layer 3—IP Services Command Reference.

Procedure

1.     Enter system view.

system-view

2.     Enter VSI interface view.

interface vsi-interface vsi-interface-id

3.     Enable the VSI interface to send RA messages over VXLAN tunnels.

ipv6 nd ra tunnel-broadcast enable

By default, a VSI interface uses the global RA message tunneling configuration.

Enabling the device to advertise ARP information for the distributed EVPN gateway interfaces through MAC/IP advertisement routes

About this task

If a distributed EVPN gateway has downstream VTEPs attached, the gateway advertises ARP information for gateway interfaces through IP prefix advertisement routes. Because the VTEPs do not have gateway configuration, they cannot learn the ARP information for the gateway interfaces or forward traffic to the gateway. For the VTEPs to learn ARP information for the gateway interfaces, enable the distributed EVPN gateway to advertise ARP information for the gateway interfaces through MAC/IP advertisement routes.

Software version and feature compatibility

This feature is supported only in Release 6635 and later.

Restrictions and guidelines

The device advertises only ARP information for the distributed EVPN gateway interfaces through MAC/IP advertisement routes.

Procedure

1.     Enter system view.

system-view

2.     Enable the device to advertise ARP information for the distributed EVPN gateway interfaces through MAC/IP advertisement routes.

evpn mac-ip advertise distributed-gateway

By default, the device does not advertise ARP information for the distributed EVPN gateway interfaces through MAC/IP advertisement routes.

Managing remote MAC address entries and remote ARP or ND learning

Disabling remote MAC address learning and remote ARP or ND learning

About this task

By default, the device learns MAC information, ARP information, and ND information of remote user terminals from packets received on VXLAN tunnel interfaces. The automatically learned remote MAC, ARP, and ND information might conflict with the remote MAC, ARP, and ND information advertised through BGP. As a best practice to avoid the conflicts, disable remote MAC address learning and remote ARP or ND learning on the device.

For more information about the VXLAN commands in this task, see VXLAN Command Reference.

Procedure

1.     Enter system view.

system-view

2.     Disable remote MAC address learning.

vxlan tunnel mac-learning disable

By default, remote MAC address learning is enabled.

3.     Disable remote ARP learning.

vxlan tunnel arp-learning disable

By default, remote ARP learning is enabled.

4.     Disable remote ND learning.

vxlan tunnel nd-learning disable

By default, remote ND learning is enabled.

Disabling MAC address advertisement

About this task

The MAC information and ARP or ND information advertised by the VTEP overlap. To avoid duplication, disable MAC address advertisement and withdraw the MAC addresses advertised to remote VTEPs.

Procedure

1.     Enter system view.

system-view

2.     Enter VSI view.

vsi vsi-name

3.     Enter VSI EVPN instance view.

evpn encapsulation vxlan

4.     Disable MAC address advertisement and withdraw advertised MAC addresses.

mac-advertising disable

By default, MAC address advertisement is enabled.

Enabling MAC mobility event suppression

About this task

On an EVPN VXLAN network, misconfiguration of MAC addresses might cause two sites to contain the same MAC address. In this condition, VTEPs at the two sites constantly synchronize and update EVPN MAC entries and determine that MAC mobility events occur. As a result, an inter-site loop might occur, and the bandwidth is occupied by MAC entry synchronization traffic. To eliminate loops and suppress those MAC mobility events, enable MAC mobility event suppression on the VTEPs. This feature allows a MAC address to move at most four times from a site within 180 seconds. If a MAC address moves more than four times within 180 seconds, the VTEP at the site will suppress the excess MAC mobility events and will not advertise information about the MAC address.

Restrictions and guidelines

After you execute the undo evpn route mac-mobility suppression command, a VTEP acts as follows:

·     Advertises MAC address entries immediately for the suppressed MAC address entries that have not aged out.

·     Relearns the MAC addresses for the suppressed MAC address entries that have aged out and advertises the MAC address entries.

If MAC address entry conflicts and ARP entry conflicts occur together for a MAC address, enable both MAC mobility event suppression and ARP mobility event suppression. If you enable only MAC mobility event suppression, the system will fail to suppress MAC mobility events for the MAC address.

Procedure

1.     Enter system view.

system-view

2.     Enable MAC mobility event suppression.

evpn route mac-mobility suppression

By default, MAC mobility event suppression is disabled.

Disabling learning of MAC addresses from ARP or ND information

About this task

The MAC information and ARP or ND information advertised by a remote VTEP overlap. To avoid duplication, disable the learning of MAC addresses from ARP or ND information. EVPN will learn remote MAC addresses only from the MAC information advertised from remote sites.

Procedure

1.     Enter system view.

system-view

2.     Enter VSI view.

vsi vsi-name

3.     Enter VSI EVPN instance view.

evpn encapsulation vxlan

4.     Disable the EVPN instance from learning MAC addresses from ARP information.

arp mac-learning disable

By default, an EVPN instance learns MAC addresses from ARP information.

5.     Disable the EVPN instance from learning MAC addresses from ND information.

nd mac-learning disable

By default, an EVPN instance learns MAC addresses from ND information.

Disabling ARP information advertisement

About this task

In an EVPN network with distributed gateways, you can disable ARP information advertisement for a VXLAN to save resources if all its user terminals use the same EVPN gateway device. The EVPN instance of the VXLAN will stop advertising ARP information through MAC/IP advertisement routes and withdraw advertised ARP information. When ARP information advertisement is disabled, user terminals in other VXLANs still can communicate with that VXLAN through IP prefix advertisement routes.

Procedure

1.     Enter system view.

system-view

2.     Enter VSI view.

vsi vsi-name

3.     Enter VSI EVPN instance view.

evpn encapsulation vxlan

4.     Disable ARP information advertisement for the EVPN instance.

arp-advertising disable

By default, ARP information advertisement is enabled for an EVPN instance.

Disabling the VSI interface on a centralized EVPN gateway from learning ARP or ND information across subnets

About this task

On an EVPN VXLAN network deployed with a centralized EVPN gateway, VM 1 and VM 2 belong to the same VXLAN in subnet 10.1.1.0/24. The gateway interface is VSI-interface 1 and the gateway is connected to external Layer 3 network 10.1.2.0/24. The VTEP to which VM 2 is attached is configured with ARP or ND flood suppression. The IP address of VM 2 is mistakenly configured as an IP address in subnet 10.1.2.0/24 (for example, 10.1.2.2). In this situation, the VTEP connected to VM 2 advertises MAC/IP advertisement routes that contain ARP or ND information to the gateway. The IP address and MAC address in the routes are the IP address and MAC address of VM 2, respectively. The gateway learns the ARP or ND information and issues the information to the forwarding table. When VM 1 visits 10.1.2.2 in the external network, the gateway will forward the traffic to VM 2. As a result, VM 1 cannot visit 10.1.2.2.

To resolve the above issue, perform this task on the VSI interface to disable the VSI interface from learning ARP or ND information across subnets from MAC/IP advertisement routes.

Procedure

1.     Enter system view.

system-view

2.     Enter VSI interface view on a centralized EVPN gateway.

interface vsi-interface vsi-interface-id

For more information about this command, see VXLAN Command Reference.

3.     Disable the VSI interface from learning ARP or ND information that does not belong to its subnet from MAC/IP advertisement routes.

evpn span-segment { arp-learning | nd-learning } disable

By default, the VSI interface on a centralized EVPN gateway learns ARP or ND information that does not belong to its subnet from MAC/IP advertisement routes.

Enabling ARP mobility event suppression

About this task

On an EVPN VXLAN network, misconfiguration of IP addresses might cause two sites to contain the same IP address. In this condition, VTEPs at the two sites constantly synchronize and update EVPN ARP entries and determine that ARP mobility events occur. As a result, an inter-site loop might occur, and the bandwidth is occupied by ARP entry synchronization traffic. To eliminate loops and suppress those ARP mobility events, enable ARP mobility event suppression on the VTEPs. This feature allows an IP address to move at most four times from a site within 180 seconds. If an IP address moves more than four times within 180 seconds, the VTEP at the site will suppress the excess ARP mobility events and will not advertise ARP information for the IP address.

Restrictions and guidelines

After you execute the undo evpn route arp-mobility suppression command, a VTEP acts as follows:

·     Advertises ARP information immediately for the suppressed ARP entries that have not aged out.

·     Relearns ARP information for the suppressed ARP entries that have aged out and advertises the ARP information.

ARP mobility event suppression takes effect only on the following EVPN VXLAN networks:

·     EVPN VXLAN network enabled with ARP flood suppression.

·     EVPN VXLAN network configured with distributed VXLAN IP gateways.

If MAC address entry conflicts and ARP entry conflicts occur together for a MAC address, enable both MAC mobility event suppression and ARP mobility event suppression. If you enable only MAC mobility event suppression, the system will fail to suppress MAC mobility events for the MAC address.

Procedure

1.     Enter system view.

system-view

2.     Enable ARP mobility event suppression.

evpn route arp-mobility suppression

By default, ARP mobility event suppression is disabled.

Enabling ARP request proxy

About this task

ARP request proxy allows a VSI interface to send an ARP request sourced from itself when the VTEP forwards an ARP request. This feature helps resolve certain communication issues.

In an EVPN VXLAN network, VM 1 and VM 2 are attached to VTEP 1 and VTEP 2, respectively, and the VMs are in the same subnet. The gateway interfaces of VM 1 and VM 2 are VSI-interface 1 on VTEP 1 and VSI-interface 2 on VTEP 2, respectively. The following conditions exist on the VTEPs:

·     The VTEPs have established BGP EVPN neighbor relationships.

·     EVPN is disabled from learning MAC addresses from ARP information.

·     MAC address advertisement is disabled, and advertised MAC addresses are withdrawn.

·     Remote-MAC address learning is disabled.

·     Local proxy ARP is enabled on the VSI interfaces.

·     The VSI interfaces use different IP addresses and MAC addresses.

In this network, when VM 1 attempts to communicate with VM 2, the following procedure occurs:

1.     VM 1 sends an ARP request.

2.     VTEP 1 learns the MAC address of VM 1 from the ARP request, replies to VM 1 on behalf of VM 2, and sends an ARP request to obtain the MAC address of VM 2.

3.     VTEP 2 forwards the ARP request, and VM 2 replies to VTEP 1.

4.     VTEP 2 forwards the ARP reply sent by VM 2 without learning the MAC address of VM 2 because EVPN is disabled from learning MAC addresses from ARP information.

5.     VTEP 1 does not learn the MAC address of VM 2 because remote-MAC address learning is disabled.

As a result, VM 1 fails to communicate with VM 2.

For VM 1 to communicate with VM 2, enable ARP request proxy on VSI-interface 2 of VTEP 2. When receiving the ARP request sent by VTEP 1, VTEP 2 forwards it and sends an ARP request sourced from VSI-interface 2 simultaneously, and VM 2 replies to both ARP requests. Then, VTEP 2 learns the MAC address of VM 2 from the ARP reply destined from VSI-interface 2 and advertises the MAC address to VTEP 1 through BGP EVPN routes. In this way, VTEP 1 obtains the MAC address of VM 2, and VM 1 and VM 2 can communicate.

Procedure

1.     Enter system view.

system-view

2.     Enter VSI interface view.

interface vsi-interface vsi-interface-id

3.     Enable ARP request proxy.

arp proxy-send enable

By default, ARP request proxy is disabled on VSI interfaces.

Enabling conversational learning for forwarding entries

About conversational learning for forwarding entries

Perform the tasks in this section to issue forwarding entries to the hardware only when the entries are required for packet forwarding. The on-demand mechanism saves the device hardware resources.

The forwarding entries in this section include remote MAC address entries and host route FIB entries.

Restrictions and guidelines for enabling conversational learning for forwarding entries

Perform the tasks in this section only on an EVPN network.

Enabling conversational learning for remote MAC address entries

About this task

By default, the device issues a remote MAC address entry to the hardware after the remote MAC address is advertised to the local site by BGP EVPN routes. This feature enables the device to issue a remote MAC address entry to the hardware only when the entry is required for packet forwarding. This feature saves hardware resources on the device.

With this feature enabled, the device generates a blackhole MAC address entry for an unknown MAC address if receiving 50 frames destined for that MAC address within the MAC aging time. For more information about the MAC aging time and blackhole MAC address entries, see MAC address table configuration in Layer 2—LAN Switching Configuration Guide.

Procedure

1.     Enter system view.

system-view

2.     Enable conversational learning for remote MAC address entries.

mac-address forwarding-conversational-learning

By default, conversational learning is disabled for remote MAC address entries.

Enabling conversational learning for host route FIB entries

About this task

By default, the device issues a host route FIB entry to the hardware after the entry is generated. This feature enables the device to issue a host route FIB entry to the hardware only when the entry is required for packet forwarding. This feature saves hardware resources on the device.

Restrictions and guidelines

Set an appropriate aging timer for host route FIB entries according to your network. A much longer or shorter aging timer will degrade the device performance.

·     If the aging timer is too long, the device will save many outdated host route FIB entries and fail to accommodate the most recent network changes. These entries cannot be used for correct packet forwarding and exhaust FIB resources.

·     If the aging timer is too short, the device will delete the valid host route FIB entries that can still be effective for packet forwarding. As a result, FIB entry flapping will occur, and the device performance will be affected.

Procedure

1.     Enter system view.

system-view

2.     Enable conversational learning for host route FIB entries.

ip forwarding-conversational-learning [ aging aging-time ]

By default, conversational learning is disabled for host route FIB entries.

Enabling conversational learning for IPv6 host route FIB entries

About this task

By default, the device issues an IPv6 host route FIB entry to the hardware after the entry is generated. This feature enables the device to issue an IPv6 host route FIB entry to the hardware only when the entry is required for packet forwarding. This feature saves hardware resources on the device.

Restrictions and guidelines

Set an appropriate aging timer for IPv6 host route FIB entries according to your network. A much longer or shorter aging timer will degrade the device performance.

·     If the aging timer is too long, the device will save many outdated IPv6 host route FIB entries and fail to accommodate the most recent network changes. These entries cannot be used for correct packet forwarding and exhaust FIB resources.

·     If the aging timer is too short, the device will delete the valid IPv6 host route FIB entries that can still be effective for packet forwarding. As a result, FIB entry flapping will occur, and the device performance will be affected.

Procedure

1.     Enter system view.

system-view

2.     Enable conversational learning for IPv6 host route FIB entries.

ipv6 forwarding-conversational-learning [ aging aging-time ]

By default, conversational learning is disabled for IPv6 host route FIB entries.

Configuring BGP EVPN route redistribution and advertisement

Redistributing MAC/IP advertisement routes into BGP unicast routing tables

About this task

This task enables the device to redistribute received MAC/IP advertisement routes that contain ARP or ND information into a BGP unicast routing table.

·     If you perform this task for the BGP IPv4 or IPv6 unicast address family, the device will redistribute the routes into the BGP IPv4 or IPv6 unicast routing table. In addition, the device will advertise the routes to the local site.

·     If you perform this task for the BGP-VPN IPv4 or IPv6 unicast address family, the device will redistribute the routes into the BGP-VPN IPv4 or IPv6 unicast routing table of the corresponding VPN instance. To advertise the routes to the local site, you must configure the advertise l2vpn evpn command.

Procedure (BGP instance view)

1.     Enter system view.

system-view

2.     Enter BGP instance view.

bgp as-number [ instance instance-name ]

3.     Enter BGP IPv4 or IPv6 unicast address family view.

address-family { ipv4 | ipv6 }

4.     Redistribute MAC/IP advertisement routes that contain ARP or ND information into the BGP IPv4 or IPv6 unicast routing table.

import evpn mac-ip

By default, MAC/IP advertisement routes that contain ARP or ND information are not redistributed into the BGP IPv4 or IPv6 unicast routing table.

Procedure (BGP-VPN instance view)

1.     Enter system view.

system-view

2.     Enter BGP instance view.

bgp as-number [ instance instance-name ]

3.     Enter BGP-VPN instance view.

ip vpn-instance vpn-instance-name

4.     Enter BGP-VPN IPv4 or IPv6 unicast address family view.

address-family { ipv4 | ipv6 }

5.     Redistribute MAC/IP advertisement routes that contain ARP or ND information into the BGP-VPN IPv4 or IPv6 unicast routing table.

import evpn mac-ip

By default, MAC/IP advertisement routes that contain ARP or ND information are not redistributed into the BGP-VPN IPv4 or IPv6 unicast routing table.

Enabling BGP EVPN route advertisement to the local site

About this task

This feature enables the device to advertise BGP EVPN routes to the local site after the device adds the routes to the routing table of a VPN instance. The BGP EVPN routes here are IP prefix advertisement routes and MAC/IP advertisement routes that contain ARP or ND information.

Procedure (IPv4)

1.     Enter system view.

system-view

2.     Enter BGP instance view.

bgp as-number [ instance instance-name ]

3.     Enter BGP-VPN instance view.

ip vpn-instance vpn-instance-name

4.     Enter BGP-VPN IPv4 unicast address family view.

address-family ipv4 [ unicast ]

5.     Enable BGP EVPN route advertisement to the local site.

advertise l2vpn evpn

By default, BGP EVPN route advertisement to the local site is enabled.

Procedure (IPv6)

1.     Enter system view.

system-view

2.     Enter BGP instance view.

bgp as-number [ instance instance-name ]

3.     Enter BGP-VPN instance view.

ip vpn-instance vpn-instance-name

4.     Enter BGP-VPN IPv6 unicast address family view.

address-family ipv6 [ unicast ]

5.     Enable BGP EVPN route advertisement to the local site.

advertise l2vpn evpn

By default, BGP EVPN route advertisement to the local site is enabled.

Disabling flooding for a VSI

About this task

By default, the VTEP floods broadcast, unknown unicast, and unknown multicast frames received from the local site to the following interfaces in the frame's VXLAN:

·     All site-facing interfaces except for the incoming interface.

·     All VXLAN tunnel interfaces.

When receiving broadcast, unknown unicast, and unknown multicast frames on VXLAN tunnel interfaces, the device floods the frames to all site-facing interfaces in the frames' VXLAN.

To confine a kind of flood traffic, disable flooding for that kind of flood traffic on the VSI bound to the VXLAN.

You can use selective flood to exclude a remote MAC address from the remote flood suppression done by using the flooding disable command. The VTEP will flood the frames destined for the specified MAC address to remote sites when floods are confined to the local site.

For more information about the VXLAN commands in this task, see VXLAN Command Reference.

Procedure

1.     Enter system view.

system-view

2.     Enter VSI view.

vsi vsi-name

3.     Disable flooding for the VSI.

flooding disable { all | { broadcast | unknown-multicast | unknown-unicast } * } [ all-direction | dci ]

By default, flooding is enabled for a VSI.

If VXLAN-DCI is configured, flood traffic is also sent out of VXLAN-DCI tunnel interfaces. To confine flood traffic to the site-facing interfaces and VXLAN tunnels within a data center, you can specify the dci keyword to disable flooding only to VXLAN-DCI tunnel interfaces.

The all-direction keyword disables flooding traffic received from an AC or VXLAN tunnel interface to any other ACs and VXLAN tunnel interfaces of the same VSI. If VXLAN-DCI is configured, this keyword also disables flooding between VXLAN tunnel interfaces and VXLAN-DCI tunnel interfaces.

4.     (Optional.) Enable selective flood for a MAC address.

selective-flooding mac-address mac-address

Enabling ARP or ND flood suppression

About this task

Use ARP or ND flood suppression to reduce ARP request broadcasts or ND request multicasts.

The aging timer is fixed at 25 minutes for ARP or ND flood suppression entries. If the flooding disable command is configured, set the MAC aging timer to a higher value than the aging timer for ARP or ND flood suppression entries on all VTEPs. This setting prevents the traffic blackhole that occurs when a MAC address entry ages out before its ARP or ND flood suppression entry ages out. To set the MAC aging timer, use the mac-address timer command.

When remote ARP or ND learning is disabled for VXLANs, the device does not use ARP or ND flood suppression entries to respond to ARP or ND requests received on VXLAN tunnels.

Enabling ARP flood suppression

1.     Enter system view.

system-view

2.     Enter VSI view.

vsi vsi-name

3.     Enable ARP flood suppression.

arp suppression enable

By default, ARP flood suppression is disabled.

For more information about this command, see VXLAN Command Reference.

Enabling ND flood suppression

1.     Enter system view.

system-view

2.     Enter VSI view.

vsi vsi-name

3.     Enable ND flood suppression.

ipv6 nd suppression enable

By default, ND flood suppression is disabled.

For more information about this command, see VXLAN Command Reference.

Enabling packet statistics for VXLAN tunnels

About this task

Perform this task to enable packet statistics globally for automatically created VXLAN tunnels.

To display the packet statistics for a VXLAN tunnel, use the display interface tunnel command in any view.

To clear the packet statistics for a VXLAN tunnel, use the reset counters interface tunnel command in user view.

Procedure

1.     Enter system view.

system-view

2.     Enable packet statistics for automatically created VXLAN tunnels.

tunnel statistics vxlan auto [ destination ipv4-address ]

By default, the packet statistics feature is disabled for automatically created VXLAN tunnels.

For more information about this command, see VXLAN Command Reference.

Enabling packet statistics for a VSI interface

Restrictions and guidelines

To enable packet statistics for a VSI interface, enable packet statistics for the VSI associated with the VSI interface.

To display the packet statistics for a VSI interface, execute the display interface vsi-interface command in any view.

Software version and feature compatibility

This feature is supported only in Release 6616 and later.

Procedure

1.     Enter system view.

system-view

2.     Enter VSI view.

vsi vsi-name

3.     Enable packet statistics for the VSI.

statistics enable

By default, the packet statistics feature is disabled for all VSIs.

Setting the L2VPN statistics collection interval

About this task

Perform this task to set the interval for collecting VSI, AC, and VXLAN tunnel packet statistics.

Software version and feature compatibility

This feature is supported only in Release 6635 and later.

Procedure

1.     Enter system view.

system-view

2.     Set the L2VPN statistics collection interval

l2vpn statistics interval interval

The default L2VPN statistics collection interval is 15 minutes.

For more information about this command, see VXLAN Command Reference.

Testing the connectivity of a VXLAN tunnel

Software version compatibility with this feature

This feature is supported only in Release 6635 and later.

Enabling overlay OAM

About this task

You must enable overlay OAM on the tunnel destination device for a VXLAN tunnel before you can use the ping vxlan or tracert vxlan command to test reachability of the VXLAN tunnel on the tunnel source device.

Restrictions and guidelines

To specify the -r 3 parameter in the ping vxlan or tracert vxlan command on the tunnel source device, you must also enable overlay OAM on the tunnel source device.

Procedure

1.     Enter system view.

system-view

2.     Enable overlay OAM.

overlay oam enable

By default, overlay OAM is disabled.

Pinging a VXLAN tunnel destination

About this task

Perform this task to test the connectivity of a VXLAN tunnel in an EVPN VXLAN network when the tunnel has traffic loss or interruption issues. The process of a ping VXLAN operation is as follows:

1.     The tunnel source VTEP sends VXLAN-encapsulated VXLAN echo requests to the tunnel destination VTEP.

2.     The tunnel destination VTEP responds with VXLAN echo replies.

3.     The tunnel source VTEP outputs packet statistics and the test result based on the received VXLAN echo replies.

Restrictions and guidelines

Before you perform this task on the tunnel source device, you must enable overlay OAM on the tunnel destination device by using the overlay oam enable command.

The VTEP can distribute VXLAN echo requests among multiple paths to the destination based on the source UDP port. When a VXLAN tunnel has multiple paths on the transport network, you can configure load sharing parameters to ensure accuracy of the test result. You can use one of the following methods to configure source UDP ports for VXLAN echo requests:

·     Specify a source UDP port range. The device will send VXLAN echo requests sourced from each UDP port in the UDP port range. You need to execute the ping vxlan command only once.

·     Specify load balancing parameters such as source and destination MAC addresses, source and destination IP addresses, and protocol for the VTEP to calculate a source UDP port number. You need to execute the ping vxlan command multiple times to test connectivity of all paths.

The load balancing parameters change only the source UDP port number of VXLAN echo requests. Other fields of the requests will not be changed.

If you specify the vxlan-source-udpport vxlan-source-udpport [ end-vxlan-src-udpport ] parameters, the number of VXLAN echo requests sourced from each UDP port in the UDP port range is determined by the -c count parameter.

Procedure

Execute the following command in any view:

ping vxlan [ -a inner-src-address | -c count | -m interval | -r reply-mode | -t timeout | -tos tos-value ] * vxlan-id vxlan-id tunnel-source source-address tunnel-destination dest-address [ destination-udpport dest-port ] [ vxlan-source-address vxlan-source-address ] [ load-balance { vxlan-source-udpport vxlan-source-udpport [ end-vxlan-src-udpport ] | source-address lb-src-address destination-address lb-dest-address protocol { udp | lb-protocol-id } source-port lb-src-port destination-port lb-dest-port source-mac lb-source-mac destination-mac lb-destination-mac } ]

For more information about this command, see VXLAN Command Reference.

Tracing the path to a VXLAN tunnel destination

About this task

Perform this task to locate failed nodes on the path for a VXLAN tunnel that has traffic loss or interruption issues in an EVPN VXLAN network. The process of a tracert VXLAN operation is as follows:

1.     The tunnel source VTEP sends VXLAN-encapsulated VXLAN echo requests to the tunnel destination VTEP. The TTL in the IP header of the requests is set to 1.

2.     The first hop on the path responds to the tunnel source VTEP with a TTL-expired ICMP error message.

3.     The tunnel source VTEP sends VXLAN echo requests with the TTL set to 2.

4.     The second hop responds with a TTL-expired ICMP error message.

5.     This process continues until a VXLAN echo request reaches the tunnel destination VTEP or the maximum TTL value is reached. If a VXLAN echo request reaches the tunnel destination VTEP, the tunnel destination VTEP sends a VXLAN echo reply to the tunnel source VTEP.

6.     The tunnel source VTEP outputs packet statistics and the test result based on the received ICMP error messages and whether a VXLAN echo reply is received.

Restrictions and guidelines

Before you perform this task on the tunnel source device, you must enable overlay OAM on the tunnel destination device by using the overlay oam enable command.

The VTEP can distribute VXLAN echo requests among multiple paths to the destination based on the source UDP port. When a VXLAN tunnel has multiple paths on the transport network, you can configure load sharing parameters to ensure accuracy of the test result. You can use one of the following methods to configure source UDP ports for VXLAN echo requests:

·     Specify a source UDP port range. The device will send VXLAN echo requests sourced from each UDP port in the UDP port range. You need to execute the ping vxlan command only once.

·     Specify load balancing parameters such as source and destination MAC addresses, source and destination IP addresses, and protocol for the VTEP to calculate a source UDP port number. You need to execute the ping vxlan command multiple times to test connectivity of all paths.

The load balancing parameters change only the source UDP port number of VXLAN echo requests. Other fields of the requests will not be changed.

Procedure

Execute the following command in any view:

tracert vxlan [ -a inner-src-address | -h ttl-value | -r reply-mode | -t timeout ] * vxlan-id vxlan-id  tunnel-source source-address tunnel-destination dest-address [ destination-udpport dest-port ] [ vxlan-source-address vxlan-source-address ] [ load-balance { vxlan-source-udpport vxlan-source-udpport | source-address lb-src-address destination-address lb-dest-address protocol { udp | lb-protocol-id } source-port lb-src-port destination-port lb-dest-port source-mac lb-source-mac destination-mac lb-destination-mac } ]

For more information about this command, see VXLAN Command Reference.

Configuring EVPN distributed relay

About this task

EVPN distributed relay virtualizes two VTEPs or EVPN gateways into one DR system to avoid single points of failure. The VTEPs or EVPN gateways use a virtual VTEP address to establish VXLAN tunnels to remote devices.

An AC that is attached to only one of the VTEPs in a DR system is called a single-armed AC. To ensure that the traffic of a single-armed AC is forwarded to its attached VTEP, specify the IP addresses of the VTEPs in the DR system by using the evpn drni local command. After you configure this command, each VTEP in a DR system changes the next hop of the routes for single-armed ACs to its local VTEP IP address when advertising the routes. When a VTEP receives BGP EVPN routes from the peer VTEP IP address specified by using this command, it does not set up a VXLAN tunnel to the peer VTEP.

You must execute the evpn drni local command if single-armed ACs are attached to a DR system that uses an Ethernet aggregate link as the IPL. You do not need to execute this command on a DR system that uses a VXLAN tunnel as the IPL. In such a DR system, a VTEP uses the source IP address of the IPL as the next hop of routes for single-armed ACs to ensure correct traffic forwarding.

Software version and feature compatibility

IPv6-related parameters in this feature are supported only in Release 6616 and later.

If the DR member devices use Release 6616 or later, use the display l2vpn drni mac-address command to display the MAC address entries synchronized from a DR peer.

If one or both of the DR member devices use Release 6607 or an earlier version, use the display evpn drni synchronized-mac command to display the MAC address entries synchronized from a DR peer.

Restrictions and guidelines

When you configure EVPN distributed relay, follow these restrictions and guidelines:

·     In a DR system, DR member devices must have the same EVPN configuration.

·     Do not configure overlapping outer VLAN IDs for Ethernet service instances of different VSIs.

·     For a DR member device to re-establish VXLAN tunnels, you must execute the address-family l2vpn evpn command in BGP instance view after you enable or disable EVPN distributed relay.

·     You cannot specify a secondary IP address of an interface as the virtual VTEP address.

·     You must execute the undo mac-address static source-check enable command on the Layer 2 aggregate interfaces or Layer 2 Ethernet interfaces that act as IPPs and on transport-facing physical interfaces.

·     If the traffic outgoing interface for a VXLAN tunnel is a DR interface, do not assign the DR interface to a VLAN matched by an Ethernet service instance on the IPL.

·     The interfaces configured with single-homed ACs must have the same link type as the IPP.

·     If the DR member devices are distributed EVPN gateways, use the evpn global-mac command to configure the same EVPN global MAC address for the devices. This ensures that the DR member devices use the same router MAC address.

·     Use a direct link between the DR member devices as the keepalive link. Do not use the keep link for any other purposes. Make sure the DR member devices have Layer 2 and Layer 3 connectivity to each other over the keepalive link.

·     Do not use VSI interface 0 as a gateway interface.

·     When you bulk shut down physical interfaces on a DR member device for service changes or hardware replacement, shut down the physical interfaces used for keepalive detection prior to the physical member ports of the IPP. If you fail to do so, link flapping will occur on the member ports of DR interfaces.

·     If a DR system is attached to a large number of servers whose NICs operate in active/standby mode, take the size of the traffic sent among those servers into account when you determine the bandwidth of the IPL.

·     A VTEP has three routes to a remote DR system. When the VTEP sends a flood packet (multicast, broadcast, or unknown unicast) to the DR system, the DR member devices will receive three identical flood packets over VXLAN tunnels and drop two of the packets. If the DR member devices have learned the destination MAC address in the flood packet, the dropped packets will be unicasted. As a result, the VMs in the site connected to the DR system will receive identical packets.

If an Ethernet aggregate link is used as the IPL, follow these restrictions:

·     If the frame match criteria of dynamic ACs on the IPL are created based on site-facing Ethernet service instances, you can configure only the following criteria for site-facing Ethernet service instances:

¡     encapsulation s-vid { vlan-id | vlan-id-list }

¡     encapsulation untagged

In addition, you must configure VLAN access mode for the site-facing Ethernet service instances.

·     You must configure VLAN access mode for the site-facing Ethernet service instances when the frame match criteria of dynamic ACs on the IPL are created based on VXLAN IDs.

·     As a best practice, do not redistribute external routes on the DR member devices.

Prerequisites

In addition to EVPN distributed relay configuration, you must configure the following settings:

·     Configure other DRNI and EVPN settings depending on your network. For information about DRNI configuration, see Layer 2—LAN Switching Configuration Guide.

·     Use the drni mad exclude interface command to exclude the following interfaces:

¡     Set the default DRNI MAD action to NONE by using the drni mad default-action none command.

¡     Do not configure the DRNI MAD action on the VLAN interfaces of the VLANs to which the DR interfaces and IPPs belong. These interfaces will not be shut down by DRNI MAD.

¡     If you use an Ethernet aggregate link as an IPL, add the uplink Layer 3 interfaces, VLAN interfaces, and physical interfaces to the list of included interfaces by using the drni mad include interface command. These interfaces will be shut down by DRNI MAD. This restriction does not apply to a VXLAN tunnel IPL.

¡     Do not configure the DRNI MAD action on the interfaces used by EVPN, including the VSI interfaces, interfaces that provide BGP peer addresses, and interfaces used for setting up the keepalive link. These interfaces will not be shut down by DRNI MAD.

¡     Do not configure the DRNI MAD action on the interface that provides the IP address specified by using the evpn drni group command. These interfaces will not be shut down by DRNI MAD.

·     Execute the drni restore-delay command to set the data restoration interval to a value equal to or larger than 300 seconds.

·     You must disable spanning tree on the Layer 2 Ethernet interface that acts as the physical traffic outgoing interface of a VXLAN tunnel. If you enable spanning tree on that interface, the upstream device will falsely block the interfaces connected to the DR member devices.

·     As a best practice, set the PVID to 4094 on the IPPs. If you fail to do so, a DR member device might set the outer VLAN ID matched by an AC to the PVID of its IPP. This error will affect forwarding of the underlay traffic whose VLAN ID is VXLAN ID%4094 + 1.

If you use a VXLAN tunnel as the IPL, you must also complete the following tasks:

·     Manually create the VXLAN tunnel interface and configure it as the IPP. An automatically created VXLAN tunnel cannot be used as an IPL.

·     Use the drni mad exclude interface command to exclude IPPs from the MAD shutdown action by DRNI.

·     The source address of the IPL VXLAN tunnel must be the address used by the device to establish BGP peer relationships with other devices.

·     As a best practice, configure different physical outgoing interfaces for the IPL VXLAN tunnel and VXLAN tunnels used for traffic forwarding.

·     To prioritize transmission of DRNI protocol packets on the IPL, use the tunnel tos command on the VXLAN tunnel interface to set a high ToS value for tunneled packets.

·     Specify the virtual VTEP address and the source address of the IPL VXLAN tunnel as the IP addresses of different loopback interfaces. Configure a routing protocol to advertise the IP addresses.

·     Use the reserved vxlan command to specify a reserved VXLAN to forward DRNI protocol packets. The DR member devices in a DR system must have the same reserved VXLAN.

Procedure (IPv4)

1.     Enter system view.

system-view

2.     Enable EVPN distributed relay and specify the virtual VTEP address.

evpn drni group virtual-vtep-ipv4

By default, EVPN distributed relay is disabled.

To modify the virtual VTEP address, you must first delete the original virtual VTEP address.

3.     Specify the IP addresses of the VTEPs in the DR system.

evpn drni local local-ipv4-address remote remote-ipv4-address

By default, the IP addresses of the VTEPs in a DR system are not specified.

Make sure the IP address of the local VTEP belongs to a local interface. Make sure the local VTEP IP address and peer VTEP IP address are reversed on the VTEPs in the DR system.

4.     (Optional.) Enable the device to create frame match criteria based on VXLAN IDs for the dynamic ACs on the IPL.

l2vpn drni peer-link ac-match-rule vxlan-mapping

By default, on an EVPN DR system that uses an Ethernet aggregate link as the IPL, dynamic ACs on the IPL use frame match criteria that are identical to those of site-facing ACs.

If you do not execute this command, do not configure overlapping outer VLAN IDs for Ethernet service instances of different VSIs.

If you execute this command, do not create VXLANs with IDs larger than 16000000.

Procedure (IPv6)

1.     Enter system view.

system-view

2.     Enable EVPN distributed relay and specify the virtual VTEP address.

evpn drni group virtual-vtep-ipv6

By default, EVPN distributed relay is disabled.

To modify the virtual VTEP address, you must first delete the original virtual VTEP address.

3.     Specify the IPv6 addresses of the VTEPs in the DR system.

evpn drni local local-ipv6-address remote remote-ipv6-address

By default, the IP addresses of the VTEPs in a DR system are not specified.

Make sure the IP address of the local VTEP belongs to a local interface. Make sure the local VTEP IP address and peer VTEP IP address are reversed on the VTEPs in the DR system.

4.     (Optional.) Enable the device to create frame match criteria based on VXLAN IDs for the dynamic ACs on the IPL.

l2vpn drni peer-link ac-match-rule vxlan-mapping

By default, on an EVPN DR system that uses an Ethernet aggregate link as the IPL, dynamic ACs on the IPL use frame match criteria that are identical to those of site-facing ACs.

If you do not execute this command, do not configure overlapping outer VLAN IDs for Ethernet service instances of different VSIs.

If you execute this command, do not create VXLANs with IDs larger than 16000000.

Display and maintenance commands for EVPN

Execute display commands in any view and reset commands in user view.

 

Task

Command

Display BGP peer group information.

display bgp [ instance instance-name ] group l2vpn evpn [ group-name group-name ]

Display BGP EVPN routes.

display bgp [ instance instance-name ] l2vpn evpn [ peer { ipv4-address | ipv6-address } { advertised-routes | received-routes } [ statistics ] | [ route-distinguisher route-distinguisher | route-type { auto-discovery | es | imet | ip-prefix | mac-ip } ] * [ { evpn-route route-length | evpn-prefix } [ advertise-info ] | { ipv4-address | ipv6-address | mac-address } [ verbose ] ] | statistics ]

Display BGP peer or peer group information.

display bgp [ instance instance-name ] peer l2vpn evpn [ ipv4-address mask-length | ipv6-address prefix-length | { ipv4-address | ipv6-address | group-name group-name } log-info | [ ipv4-address ] verbose ]

Display information about BGP update groups.

display bgp [ instance instance-name ] update-group l2vpn evpn [ ipv4-address | ipv6-address ]

Display information about IPv4 peers that are automatically discovered through BGP.

display evpn auto-discovery { { imet | mac-ip } [ peer ip-address ] [ vsi vsi-name ] | macip-prefix [ nexthop next-hop ] [ count ] }

Display DR-synchronized MAC address entries.

display evpn drni synchronized-mac [ vsi vsi-name ] [ count ]

Display EVPN ES information.

display evpn es { local [ vsi vsi-name ] [ esi esi-id ] [ verbose ] | remote [ vsi vsi-name ] [ esi esi-id ] [ nexthop next-hop ] }

Display information about IPv6 peers that are automatically discovered through BGP.

display evpn ipv6 auto-discovery { imet [ peer ipv6-address ] [ vsi vsi-name ] | mac-ip | macip-prefix [ nexthop next-hop ] [ count ] }

Display IPv6 EVPN MAC address entries.

display evpn ipv6 route mac [ local | remote ] [ vsi vsi-name ] [ count ]

Display EVPN ARP entries.

display evpn route arp [ local | remote ] [ public-instance | vpn-instance vpn-instance-name ] [ count ]

Display ARP flood suppression entries.

display evpn route arp suppression [ local | remote ] [ vsi vsi-name ] [ count ]

Display EVPN ARP mobility information.

display evpn route arp-mobility [ public-instance | vpn-instance vpn-instance-name ] [ ip ip-address ]

Display EVPN MAC address entries.

display evpn route mac [ local | remote ] [ vsi vsi-name ] [ count ]

Display EVPN MAC mobility information.

display evpn [ ipv6 ] route mac-mobility [ vsi vsi-name ] [ mac-address mac-address ]

Display EVPN ND entries.

display evpn route nd [ local | remote ] [ public-instance | vpn-instance vpn-instance-name ] [ count ]

Display EVPN ND flood suppression entries.

display evpn route nd suppression [ local | remote ] [ vsi vsi-name ] [ count ]

Display the routing table for a VPN instance.

display evpn routing-table [ ipv6 ] { public-instance | vpn-instance vpn-instance-name } [ count ]

Display site-facing interfaces excluded from traffic forwarding by split horizon.

display l2vpn forwarding evpn split-horizon { ac interface interface-type interface-number | ac interface interface-type interface-number service-instance instance-id | tunnel tunnel-number } slot slot-number

 

 

NOTE:

For more information about the display bgp group, display bgp peer, and display bgp update-group commands, see BGP commands in Layer 3—IP Routing Command Reference.

 

EVPN VXLAN configuration examples

Example: Configuring a centralized EVPN gateway

Network configuration

As shown in Figure 17:

·     Configure VXLAN 10 and VXLAN 20 on Switch A, Switch B, and Switch C to provide connectivity for the VMs in the VXLANs across the network sites.

·     Configure Switch C as a centralized IPv4 EVPN gateway to provide gateway services and access to the connected Layer 3 network.

·     Configure Switch D as an RR to reflect BGP EVPN routes between Switch A, Switch B, and Switch C.

 

 

NOTE:

This example provides configuration of IPv4 sites over an IPv4 underlay network. The configuration procedure does not differ between IPv4 and IPv6 sites or underlay networks.

 

Figure 17 Network diagram

Procedure

1.     Set the VXLAN hardware resource mode on Switch C and reboot it.

<SwitchC> system-view

[SwitchC] hardware-resource vxlan l3gw

Do you want to change the specified hardware resource working mode? [Y/N]:y

The hardware resource working mode is changed, please save the configuration and

reboot the system to make it effective.

[SwitchC] quit

<SwitchC> reboot

Start to check configuration with next startup configuration file, please wait..

.......DONE!

Current configuration may be lost after the reboot, save current configuration?

[Y/N]:y

This command will reboot the device. Continue? [Y/N]:y

2.     On VM 1 and VM 3, specify 10.1.1.1 as the gateway address. On VM 2 and VM 4, specify 10.1.2.1 as the gateway address. (Details not shown.)

3.     Configure IP addresses and unicast routing settings:

# Assign IP addresses to interfaces, as shown in Figure 17. (Details not shown.)

# Configure OSPF on all transport network switches (Switches A through D) for them to reach one another. (Details not shown.)

4.     Configure Switch A:

# Enable L2VPN.

<SwitchA> system-view

[SwitchA] l2vpn enable

# Disable remote MAC address learning.

[SwitchA] vxlan tunnel mac-learning disable

# Create an EVPN instance on VSI vpna, and configure the switch to automatically generate an RD and a route target for the EVPN instance.

[SwitchA] vsi vpna

[SwitchA-vsi-vpna] arp suppression enable

[SwitchA-vsi-vpna] evpn encapsulation vxlan

[SwitchA-vsi-vpna-evpn-vxlan] route-distinguisher auto

[SwitchA-vsi-vpna-evpn-vxlan] vpn-target auto

[SwitchA-vsi-vpna-evpn-vxlan] quit

# Create VXLAN 10.

[SwitchA-vsi-vpna] vxlan 10

[SwitchA-vsi-vpna-vxlan-10] quit

[SwitchA-vsi-vpna] quit

# Create an EVPN instance on VSI vpnb, and configure the switch to automatically generate an RD and a route target for the EVPN instance.

[SwitchA] vsi vpnb

[SwitchA-vsi-vpnb] arp suppression enable

[SwitchA-vsi-vpnb] evpn encapsulation vxlan

[SwitchA-vsi-vpnb-evpn-vxlan] route-distinguisher auto

[SwitchA-vsi-vpnb-evpn-vxlan] vpn-target auto

[SwitchA-vsi-vpnb-evpn-vxlan] quit

# Create VXLAN 20.

[SwitchA-vsi-vpnb] vxlan 20

[SwitchA-vsi-vpnb-vxlan-20] quit

[SwitchA-vsi-vpnb] quit

# Configure BGP to advertise BGP EVPN routes.

[SwitchA] bgp 200

[SwitchA-bgp-default] peer 4.4.4.4 as-number 200

[SwitchA-bgp-default] peer 4.4.4.4 connect-interface loopback 0

[SwitchA-bgp-default] address-family l2vpn evpn

[SwitchA-bgp-default-evpn] peer 4.4.4.4 enable

[SwitchA-bgp-default-evpn] quit

[SwitchA-bgp-default] quit

# On Twenty-FiveGigE 1/0/1, create Ethernet service instance 1000 to match VLAN 2.

[SwitchA] interface twenty-fivegige 1/0/1

[SwitchA-Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/1] port link-type trunk

[SwitchA-Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/1] port trunk permit vlan 2 3

[SwitchA-Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/1] service-instance 1000

[SwitchA-Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/1-srv1000] encapsulation s-vid 2

# Map Ethernet service instance 1000 to VSI vpna.

[SwitchA-Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/1-srv1000] xconnect vsi vpna

[SwitchA-Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/1-srv1000] quit

# On Twenty-FiveGigE 1/0/1, create Ethernet service instance 2000 to match VLAN 3.

[SwitchA-Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/1] service-instance 2000

[SwitchA-Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/1-srv2000] encapsulation s-vid 3

# Map Ethernet service instance 2000 to VSI vpnb.

[SwitchA-Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/1-srv2000] xconnect vsi vpnb

[SwitchA-Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/1-srv2000] quit

[SwitchA-Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/1] quit

5.     Configure Switch B:

# Enable L2VPN.

<SwitchB> system-view

[SwitchB] l2vpn enable

# Disable remote MAC address learning.

[SwitchB] vxlan tunnel mac-learning disable

# Create an EVPN instance on VSI vpna, and configure the switch to automatically generate an RD and a route target for the EVPN instance.

[SwitchB] vsi vpna

[SwitchB-vsi-vpna] arp suppression enable

[SwitchB-vsi-vpna] evpn encapsulation vxlan

[SwitchB-vsi-vpna-evpn-vxlan] route-distinguisher auto

[SwitchB-vsi-vpna-evpn-vxlan] vpn-target auto

[SwitchB-vsi-vpna-evpn-vxlan] quit

# Create VXLAN 10.

[SwitchB-vsi-vpna] vxlan 10

[SwitchB-vsi-vpna-vxlan-10] quit

[SwitchB-vsi-vpna] quit

# Create an EVPN instance on VSI vpnb, and configure the switch to automatically generate an RD and a route target for the EVPN instance.

[SwitchB] vsi vpnb

[SwitchB-vsi-vpnb] arp suppression enable

[SwitchB-vsi-vpnb] evpn encapsulation vxlan

[SwitchB-vsi-vpnb-evpn-vxlan] route-distinguisher auto

[SwitchB-vsi-vpnb-evpn-vxlan] vpn-target auto

[SwitchB-vsi-vpnb-evpn-vxlan] quit

# Create VXLAN 20.

[SwitchB-vsi-vpnb] vxlan 20

[SwitchB-vsi-vpnb-vxlan-20] quit

[SwitchB-vsi-vpnb] quit

# Configure BGP to advertise BGP EVPN routes.

[SwitchB] bgp 200

[SwitchB-bgp-default] peer 4.4.4.4 as-number 200

[SwitchB-bgp-default] peer 4.4.4.4 connect-interface loopback 0

[SwitchB-bgp-default] address-family l2vpn evpn

[SwitchB-bgp-default-evpn] peer 4.4.4.4 enable

[SwitchB-bgp-default-evpn] quit

[SwitchB-bgp-default] quit

# On Twenty-FiveGigE 1/0/1, create Ethernet service instance 1000 to match VLAN 2.

[SwitchB] interface twenty-fivegige 1/0/1

[SwitchB-Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/1] port link-type trunk

[SwitchB-Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/1] port trunk permit vlan 2

[SwitchB-Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/1] service-instance 1000

[SwitchB-Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/1-srv1000] encapsulation s-vid 2

# Map Ethernet service instance 1000 to VSI vpna.

[SwitchB-Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/1-srv1000] xconnect vsi vpna

[SwitchB-Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/1-srv1000] quit

[SwitchB-Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/1] quit

# On Twenty-FiveGigE 1/0/2, create Ethernet service instance 2000 to match VLAN 3.

[SwitchB] interface twenty-fivegige 1/0/2

[SwitchB-Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/2] port link-type trunk

[SwitchB-Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/2] port trunk permit vlan 3

[SwitchB-Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/2] service-instance 2000

[SwitchB-Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/2-srv2000] encapsulation s-vid 3

# Map Ethernet service instance 2000 to VSI vpnb.

[SwitchB-Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/2-srv2000] xconnect vsi vpnb

[SwitchB-Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/2-srv2000] quit

[SwitchB-Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/2] quit

6.     Configure Switch C:

# Enable L2VPN.

<SwitchC> system-view

[SwitchC] l2vpn enable

# Disable remote MAC address learning.

[SwitchC] vxlan tunnel mac-learning disable

# Create an EVPN instance on VSI vpna, and configure the switch to automatically generate an RD and a route target for the EVPN instance.

[SwitchC] vsi vpna

[SwitchC-vsi-vpna] evpn encapsulation vxlan

[SwitchC-vsi-vpna-evpn-vxlan] route-distinguisher auto

[SwitchC-vsi-vpna-evpn-vxlan] vpn-target auto

[SwitchC-vsi-vpna-evpn-vxlan] quit

# Create VXLAN 10.

[SwitchC-vsi-vpna] vxlan 10

[SwitchC-vsi-vpna-vxlan-10] quit

[SwitchC-vsi-vpna] quit

# Create an EVPN instance on VSI vpnb, and configure the switch to automatically generate an RD and a route target for the EVPN instance.

[SwitchC] vsi vpnb

[SwitchC-vsi-vpnb] evpn encapsulation vxlan

[SwitchC-vsi-vpnb-evpn-vxlan] route-distinguisher auto

[SwitchC-vsi-vpnb-evpn-vxlan] vpn-target auto

[SwitchC-vsi-vpnb-evpn-vxlan] quit

# Create VXLAN 20.

[SwitchC-vsi-vpnb] vxlan 20

[SwitchC-vsi-vpnb-vxlan-20] quit

[SwitchC-vsi-vpnb] quit

# Configure BGP to advertise BGP EVPN routes.

[SwitchC] bgp 200

[SwitchC-bgp-default] peer 4.4.4.4 as-number 200

[SwitchC-bgp-default] peer 4.4.4.4 connect-interface loopback 0

[SwitchC-bgp-default] address-family l2vpn evpn

[SwitchC-bgp-default-evpn] peer 4.4.4.4 enable

[SwitchC-bgp-default-evpn] quit

[SwitchC-bgp-default] quit

# Create VSI-interface 1 and assign the interface an IP address. The IP address will be used as the gateway address for VXLAN 10.

[SwitchC] interface vsi-interface 1

[SwitchC-Vsi-interface1] ip address 10.1.1.1 255.255.255.0

[SwitchC-Vsi-interface1] quit

# Specify VSI-interface 1 as the gateway interface for VSI vpna.

[SwitchC] vsi vpna

[SwitchC-vsi-vpna] gateway vsi-interface 1

[SwitchC-vsi-vpna] quit

# Create VSI-interface 2 and assign the interface an IP address. The IP address will be used as the gateway address for VXLAN 20.

[SwitchC] interface vsi-interface 2

[SwitchC-Vsi-interface2] ip address 10.1.2.1 255.255.255.0

[SwitchC-Vsi-interface2] quit

# Specify VSI-interface 2 as the gateway interface for VSI vpnb.

[SwitchC] vsi vpnb

[SwitchC-vsi-vpnb] gateway vsi-interface 2

[SwitchC-vsi-vpnb] quit

7.     Configure Switch D:

# Establish BGP connections with other transport network switches.

<SwitchD> system-view

[SwitchD] bgp 200

[SwitchD-bgp-default] group evpn

[SwitchD-bgp-default] peer 1.1.1.1 group evpn

[SwitchD-bgp-default] peer 2.2.2.2 group evpn

[SwitchD-bgp-default] peer 3.3.3.3 group evpn

[SwitchD-bgp-default] peer evpn as-number 200

[SwitchD-bgp-default] peer evpn connect-interface loopback 0

# Configure BGP to advertise BGP EVPN routes, and disable route target filtering for BGP EVPN routes.

[SwitchD-bgp-default] address-family l2vpn evpn

[SwitchD-bgp-default-evpn] peer evpn enable

[SwitchD-bgp-default-evpn] undo policy vpn-target

# Configure Switch D as an RR.

[SwitchD-bgp-default-evpn] peer evpn reflect-client

[SwitchD-bgp-default-evpn] quit

[SwitchD-bgp-default] quit

Verifying the configuration

1.     Verify the EVPN gateway settings on Switch C:

# Verify that Switch C has advertised MAC/IP advertisement routes and IMET routes for the gateways and received MAC/IP advertisement routes and IMET routes from Switch A and Switch B.

[SwitchC] display bgp l2vpn evpn

 

BGP local router ID is 3.3.3.3

 Status codes: * - valid, > - best, d - dampened, h - history

               s - suppressed, S - stale, i - internal, e - external

               a - additional-path

       Origin: i - IGP, e - EGP, ? - incomplete

 

 Total number of routes from all PEs: 10

 

 Route distinguisher: 1:10

 Total number of routes: 7

 

* >i Network : [2][0][48][0000-1234-0001][32][10.1.1.10]/136

     NextHop : 1.1.1.1                                  LocPrf    : 100

     PrefVal : 0                                        OutLabel  : NULL

     MED     : 0

     Path/Ogn: i

 

* >i Network : [2][0][48][0000-1234-0003][0][0.0.0.0]/104

     NextHop : 2.2.2.2                                  LocPrf    : 100

     PrefVal : 0                                        OutLabel  : NULL

     MED     : 0

     Path/Ogn: i

 

* >i Network : [2][0][48][0000-1234-0003][32][10.1.1.20]/136

     NextHop : 2.2.2.2                                  LocPrf    : 100

     PrefVal : 0                                        OutLabel  : NULL

     MED     : 0

     Path/Ogn: i

 

* >  Network : [2][0][48][0003-0003-0003][32][10.1.1.1]/136

     NextHop : 0.0.0.0                                  LocPrf    : 100

     PrefVal : 32768                                    OutLabel  : NULL

     MED     : 0

     Path/Ogn: i

 

* >i Network : [3][0][32][1.1.1.1]/80

     NextHop : 1.1.1.1                                  LocPrf    : 100

     PrefVal : 0                                        OutLabel  : NULL

     MED     : 0

     Path/Ogn: i

 

* >i Network : [3][0][32][2.2.2.2]/80

     NextHop : 2.2.2.2                                  LocPrf    : 100

     PrefVal : 0                                        OutLabel  : NULL

     MED     : 0

     Path/Ogn: i

 

* >  Network : [3][0][32][3.3.3.3]/80

     NextHop : 0.0.0.0                                  LocPrf    : 100

     PrefVal : 32768                                    OutLabel  : NULL

     MED     : 0

     Path/Ogn: i

 

 Route distinguisher: 1:20

 Total number of routes: 7

 

* >i Network : [2][0][48][0000-1234-0002][32][10.1.2.10]/136

     NextHop : 1.1.1.1                                  LocPrf    : 100

     PrefVal : 0                                        OutLabel  : NULL

     MED     : 0

     Path/Ogn: i

 

* >i Network : [2][0][48][0000-1234-0004][0][0.0.0.0]/104

     NextHop : 2.2.2.2                                  LocPrf    : 100

     PrefVal : 0                                        OutLabel  : NULL

     MED     : 0

     Path/Ogn: i

 

* >i Network : [2][0][48][0000-1234-0004][32][10.1.2.20]/136

     NextHop : 2.2.2.2                                  LocPrf    : 100

     PrefVal : 0                                        OutLabel  : NULL

     MED     : 0

     Path/Ogn: i

 

* >  Network : [2][0][48][0005-0005-0005][32][10.1.2.1]/136

     NextHop : 0.0.0.0                                  LocPrf    : 100

     PrefVal : 32768                                    OutLabel  : NULL

     MED     : 0

     Path/Ogn: i

 

* >i Network : [3][0][32][1.1.1.1]/80

     NextHop : 1.1.1.1                                  LocPrf    : 100

     PrefVal : 0                                        OutLabel  : NULL

     MED     : 0

     Path/Ogn: i

 

* >i Network : [3][0][32][2.2.2.2]/80

     NextHop : 2.2.2.2                                  LocPrf    : 100

     PrefVal : 0                                        OutLabel  : NULL

     MED     : 0

     Path/Ogn: i

 

* >  Network : [3][0][32][3.3.3.3]/80

     NextHop : 0.0.0.0                                  LocPrf    : 100

     PrefVal : 32768                                    OutLabel  : NULL

     MED     : 0

     Path/Ogn: i

# Verify that the VXLAN tunnel interfaces are up on Switch C.

[SwitchC] display interface tunnel

Tunnel0

Current state: UP

Line protocol state: UP

Description: Tunnel0 Interface

Bandwidth: 64 kbps

Maximum transmission unit: 1464

Internet protocol processing: Disabled

Last clearing of counters: Never

Tunnel source 3.3.3.3, destination 2.2.2.2

Tunnel protocol/transport UDP_VXLAN/IP

Last 300 seconds input rate: 0 bytes/sec, 0 bits/sec, 0 packets/sec

Last 300 seconds output rate: 7 bytes/sec, 56 bits/sec, 0 packets/sec

Input: 10 packets, 980 bytes, 0 drops

Output: 85 packets, 6758 bytes, 0 drops

 

Tunnel1

Current state: UP

Line protocol state: UP

Description: Tunnel1 Interface

Bandwidth: 64 kbps

Maximum transmission unit: 1464

Internet protocol processing: Disabled

Last clearing of counters: Never

Tunnel source 3.3.3.3, destination 1.1.1.1

Tunnel protocol/transport UDP_VXLAN/IP

Last 300 seconds input rate: 1 bytes/sec, 8 bits/sec, 0 packets/sec

Last 300 seconds output rate: 9 bytes/sec, 72 bits/sec, 0 packets/sec

Input: 277 packets, 20306 bytes, 0 drops

Output: 1099 packets, 85962 bytes, 0 drops

# Verify that the VSI interfaces are up on Switch C.

[SwitchC] display interface vsi-interface brief

Brief information on interfaces in route mode:

Link: ADM - administratively down; Stby - standby

Protocol: (s) - spoofing

Interface            Link Protocol Primary IP          Description

Vsi1                 UP   UP       10.1.1.1

Vsi2                 UP   UP       10.1.2.1

# Verify that the VXLAN tunnels have been assigned to the VXLANs, and that the VSI interfaces are the gateway interfaces of their respective VXLANs.

[SwitchC] display l2vpn vsi verbose

VSI Name: vpna

  VSI Index               : 0

  VSI State               : Up

  MTU                     : 1500

  Bandwidth               : Unlimited

  Broadcast Restrain      : Unlimited

  Multicast Restrain      : Unlimited

  Unknown Unicast Restrain: Unlimited

  MAC Learning            : Enabled

  MAC Table Limit         : -

  MAC Learning rate       : -

  Drop Unknown            : -

  Flooding                : Enabled

  Statistics              : Disabled

  Gateway Interface       : VSI-interface 1

  VXLAN ID                : 10

  Tunnels:

    Tunnel Name          Link ID    State    Type        Flood proxy

    Tunnel0              0x5000000  UP       Auto        Disabled

    Tunnel1              0x5000001  UP       Auto        Disabled

 

VSI Name: vpnb

  VSI Index               : 1

  VSI State               : Up

  MTU                     : 1500

  Bandwidth               : Unlimited

  Broadcast Restrain      : Unlimited

  Multicast Restrain      : Unlimited

  Unknown Unicast Restrain: Unlimited

  MAC Learning            : Enabled

  MAC Table Limit         : -

  MAC Learning rate       : -

  Drop Unknown            : -

  Flooding                : Enabled

  Statistics              : Disabled

  Gateway Interface       : VSI-interface 2

  VXLAN ID                : 20

  Tunnels:

    Tunnel Name          Link ID    State    Type        Flood proxy

    Tunnel0              0x5000000  UP       Auto        Disabled

    Tunnel1              0x5000001  UP       Auto        Disabled

# Verify that Switch C has created EVPN ARP entries for the VMs.

[SwitchC] display evpn route arp

Flags: D - Dynamic   B - BGP      L - Local active

       G - Gateway   S - Static   M - Mapping        I - Invalid

 

Public instance                               Interface: Vsi-interface1

IP address      MAC address     Router MAC      VSI index   Flags

10.1.1.1        0003-0003-0003  -               0           GL

10.1.1.10       0000-1234-0001  -               0           B

10.1.1.20       0000-1234-0003  -               0           B

 

Public instance                               Interface: Vsi-interface2

IP address      MAC address     Router MAC      VSI index   Flags

10.1.2.1        0005-0005-0005  -               1           GL

10.1.2.10       0000-1234-0002  -               1           B

10.1.2.20       0000-1234-0004  -               1           B

# Verify that Switch C has created FIB entries for the VMs.

[SwitchC] display fib 10.1.1.10

Destination count: 1 FIB entry count: 1

Flag:

  U:Usable    G:Gateway   H:Host   B:Blackhole   D:Dynamic   S:Static

  R:Relay     F:FRR

Destination/Mask   Nexthop         Flag     OutInterface/Token       Label

10.1.1.10/32       10.1.1.10       UH       Vsi1                     Null

2.     Verify that VM 1, VM 2, VM 3, and VM 4 can communicate with one another.

Example: Configuring distributed EVPN gateways in symmetric IRB mode (IPv4 underlay network)

Network configuration

As shown in Figure 18:

·     Configure VXLAN 10 and VXLAN 20 on Switch A and Switch B to provide connectivity for the VMs in the VXLANs across the network sites.

·     Configure Switch A and Switch B as distributed EVPN gateways to provide gateway services in symmetric IRB mode. Configure Switch C as a border gateway to provide access to the connected Layer 3 network.

·     Configure Switch D as an RR to reflect BGP EVPN routes between Switch A, Switch B, and Switch C.

 

 

NOTE:

This example provides configuration of IPv4 sites. The configuration procedure does not differ between IPv4 and IPv6 sites.

 

Figure 18 Network diagram

Procedure

1.     Set the VXLAN hardware resource mode on Switch A, Switch B, and Switch C, and reboot the switches. This step uses Switch A as an example.

<SwitchA> system-view

[SwitchA] hardware-resource vxlan l3gw

Do you want to change the specified hardware resource working mode? [Y/N]:y

The hardware resource working mode is changed, please save the configuration and

reboot the system to make it effective.

[SwitchA] quit

<SwitchA> reboot

Start to check configuration with next startup configuration file, please wait..

.......DONE!

Current configuration may be lost after the reboot, save current configuration?

[Y/N]:y

This command will reboot the device. Continue? [Y/N]:y

2.     On VM 1 and VM 3, specify 10.1.1.1 as the gateway address. On VM 2 and VM 4, specify 10.1.2.1 as the gateway address. (Details not shown.)

3.     Configure IP addresses and unicast routing settings:

# Assign IP addresses to interfaces, as shown in Figure 18. (Details not shown.)

# Configure OSPF on all transport network switches (Switches A through D) for them to reach one another. (Details not shown.)

4.     Configure Switch A:

# Enable L2VPN.

<SwitchA> system-view

[SwitchA] l2vpn enable

# Disable remote MAC address learning and remote ARP learning.

[SwitchA] vxlan tunnel mac-learning disable

[SwitchA] vxlan tunnel arp-learning disable

# Create an EVPN instance on VSI vpna, and configure the switch to automatically generate an RD and a route target for the EVPN instance.

[SwitchA] vsi vpna

[SwitchA-vsi-vpna] evpn encapsulation vxlan

[SwitchA-vsi-vpna-evpn-vxlan] route-distinguisher auto

[SwitchA-vsi-vpna-evpn-vxlan] vpn-target auto

[SwitchA-vsi-vpna-evpn-vxlan] quit

# Create VXLAN 10.

[SwitchA-vsi-vpna] vxlan 10

[SwitchA-vsi-vpna-vxlan-10] quit

[SwitchA-vsi-vpna] quit

# Create an EVPN instance on VSI vpnb, and configure the switch to automatically generate an RD and a route target for the EVPN instance.

[SwitchA] vsi vpnb

[SwitchA-vsi-vpnb] evpn encapsulation vxlan

[SwitchA-vsi-vpnb-evpn-vxlan] route-distinguisher auto

[SwitchA-vsi-vpnb-evpn-vxlan] vpn-target auto

[SwitchA-vsi-vpnb-evpn-vxlan] quit

# Create VXLAN 20.

[SwitchA-vsi-vpnb] vxlan 20

[SwitchA-vsi-vpnb-vxlan-20] quit

[SwitchA-vsi-vpnb] quit

# Configure BGP to advertise BGP EVPN routes.

[SwitchA] bgp 200

[SwitchA-bgp-default] peer 4.4.4.4 as-number 200

[SwitchA-bgp-default] peer 4.4.4.4 connect-interface loopback 0

[SwitchA-bgp-default] address-family l2vpn evpn

[SwitchA-bgp-default-evpn] peer 4.4.4.4 enable

[SwitchA-bgp-default-evpn] quit

[SwitchA-bgp-default] quit

# On Twenty-FiveGigE 1/0/1, create Ethernet service instance 1000 to match VLAN 2.

[SwitchA] interface twenty-fivegige 1/0/1

[SwitchA-Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/1] port link-type trunk

[SwitchA-Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/1] port trunk permit vlan 2 3

[SwitchA-Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/1] service-instance 1000

[SwitchA-Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/1-srv1000] encapsulation s-vid 2

# Map Ethernet service instance 1000 to VSI vpna.

[SwitchA-Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/1-srv1000] xconnect vsi vpna

[SwitchA-Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/1-srv1000] quit

# On Twenty-FiveGigE 1/0/1, create Ethernet service instance 2000 to match VLAN 3.

[SwitchA-Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/1] service-instance 2000

[SwitchA-Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/1-srv2000] encapsulation s-vid 3

# Map Ethernet service instance 2000 to VSI vpnb.

[SwitchA-Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/1-srv2000] xconnect vsi vpnb

[SwitchA-Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/1-srv2000] quit

[SwitchA-Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/1] quit

# Configure RD and route target settings for VPN instance vpna.

[SwitchA] ip vpn-instance vpna

[SwitchA-vpn-instance-vpna] route-distinguisher 1:1

[SwitchA-vpn-instance-vpna] address-family ipv4

[SwitchA-vpn-ipv4-vpna] vpn-target 2:2

[SwitchA-vpn-ipv4-vpna] quit

[SwitchA-vpn-instance-vpna] address-family evpn

[SwitchA-vpn-evpn-vpna] vpn-target 1:1

[SwitchA-vpn-evpn-vpna] quit

[SwitchA-vpn-instance-vpna] quit

# Configure VSI-interface 1.

[SwitchA] interface vsi-interface 1

[SwitchA-Vsi-interface1] ip binding vpn-instance vpna

[SwitchA-Vsi-interface1] ip address 10.1.1.1 255.255.255.0

[SwitchA-Vsi-interface1] mac-address 1-1-1

[SwitchA-Vsi-interface1] distributed-gateway local

[SwitchA-Vsi-interface1] local-proxy-arp enable

[SwitchA-Vsi-interface1] quit

# Configure VSI-interface 2.

[SwitchA] interface vsi-interface 2

[SwitchA-Vsi-interface2] ip binding vpn-instance vpna

[SwitchA-Vsi-interface2] ip address 10.1.2.1 255.255.255.0

[SwitchA-Vsi-interface2] mac-address 2-2-2

[SwitchA-Vsi-interface2] distributed-gateway local

[SwitchA-Vsi-interface2] local-proxy-arp enable

[SwitchA-Vsi-interface2] quit

# Associate VSI-interface 3 with VPN instance vpna, and configure the L3 VXLAN ID as 1000 for the VPN instance.

[SwitchA] interface vsi-interface 3

[SwitchA-Vsi-interface3] ip binding vpn-instance vpna

[SwitchA-Vsi-interface3] l3-vni 1000

[SwitchA-Vsi-interface3] quit

# Specify VSI-interface 1 as the gateway interface for VSI vpna.

[SwitchA] vsi vpna

[SwitchA-vsi-vpna] gateway vsi-interface 1

[SwitchA-vsi-vpna] quit

# Specify VSI-interface 2 as the gateway interface for VSI vpnb.

[SwitchA] vsi vpnb

[SwitchA-vsi-vpnb] gateway vsi-interface 2

[SwitchA-vsi-vpnb] quit

5.     Configure Switch B:

# Enable L2VPN.

<SwitchB> system-view

[SwitchB] l2vpn enable

# Disable remote MAC address learning and remote ARP learning.

[SwitchB] vxlan tunnel mac-learning disable

[SwitchB] vxlan tunnel arp-learning disable

# Create an EVPN instance on VSI vpna, and configure the switch to automatically generate an RD and a route target for the EVPN instance.

[SwitchB] vsi vpna

[SwitchB-vsi-vpna] evpn encapsulation vxlan

[SwitchB-vsi-vpna-evpn-vxlan] route-distinguisher auto

[SwitchB-vsi-vpna-evpn-vxlan] vpn-target auto

[SwitchB-vsi-vpna-evpn-vxlan] quit

# Create VXLAN 10.

[SwitchB-vsi-vpna] vxlan 10

[SwitchB-vsi-vpna-vxlan-10] quit

[SwitchB-vsi-vpna] quit

# Create an EVPN instance on VSI vpnb, and configure the switch to automatically generate an RD and a route target for the EVPN instance.

[SwitchB] vsi vpnb

[SwitchB-vsi-vpnb] evpn encapsulation vxlan

[SwitchB-vsi-vpnb-evpn-vxlan] route-distinguisher auto

[SwitchB-vsi-vpnb-evpn-vxlan] vpn-target auto

[SwitchB-vsi-vpnb-evpn-vxlan] quit

# Create VXLAN 20.

[SwitchB-vsi-vpnb] vxlan 20

[SwitchB-vsi-vpnb-vxlan-20] quit

[SwitchB-vsi-vpnb] quit

# Configure BGP to advertise BGP EVPN routes.

[SwitchB] bgp 200

[SwitchB-bgp-default] peer 4.4.4.4 as-number 200

[SwitchB-bgp-default] peer 4.4.4.4 connect-interface loopback 0

[SwitchB-bgp-default] address-family l2vpn evpn

[SwitchB-bgp-default-evpn] peer 4.4.4.4 enable

[SwitchB-bgp-default-evpn] quit

[SwitchB-bgp-default] quit

# On Twenty-FiveGigE 1/0/1, create Ethernet service instance 1000 to match VLAN 2.

[SwitchB] interface twenty-fivegige 1/0/1

[SwitchB-Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/1] port link-type trunk

[SwitchB-Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/1] port trunk permit vlan 2

[SwitchB-Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/1] service-instance 1000

[SwitchB-Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/1-srv1000] encapsulation s-vid 2

# Map Ethernet service instance 1000 to VSI vpna.

[SwitchB-Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/1-srv1000] xconnect vsi vpna

[SwitchB-Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/1-srv1000] quit

[SwitchB-Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/1] quit

# On Twenty-FiveGigE 1/0/2, create Ethernet service instance 2000 to match VLAN 3.

[SwitchB] interface twenty-fivegige 1/0/2

[SwitchB-Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/2] port link-type trunk

[SwitchB-Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/2] port trunk permit vlan 3

[SwitchB-Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/2] service-instance 2000

[SwitchB-Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/2-srv2000] encapsulation s-vid 3

# Map Ethernet service instance 2000 to VSI vpnb.

[SwitchB-Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/2-srv2000] xconnect vsi vpnb

[SwitchB-Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/2-srv2000] quit

[SwitchB-Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/2] quit

# Configure RD and route target settings for VPN instance vpna.

[SwitchB] ip vpn-instance vpna

[SwitchB-vpn-instance-vpna] route-distinguisher 1:2

[SwitchB-vpn-instance-vpna] address-family ipv4

[SwitchB-vpn-ipv4-vpna] vpn-target 2:2

[SwitchB-vpn-ipv4-vpna] quit

[SwitchB-vpn-instance-vpna] address-family evpn

[SwitchB-vpn-evpn-vpna] vpn-target 1:1

[SwitchB-vpn-evpn-vpna] quit

[SwitchB-vpn-instance-vpna] quit

# Configure VSI-interface 1.

[SwitchB] interface vsi-interface 1

[SwitchB-Vsi-interface1] ip binding vpn-instance vpna

[SwitchB-Vsi-interface1] ip address 10.1.1.1 255.255.255.0

[SwitchB-Vsi-interface1] mac-address 1-1-1

[SwitchB-Vsi-interface1] distributed-gateway local

[SwitchB-Vsi-interface1] local-proxy-arp enable

[SwitchB-Vsi-interface1] quit

# Configure VSI-interface 2.

[SwitchB] interface vsi-interface 2

[SwitchB-Vsi-interface2] ip binding vpn-instance vpna

[SwitchB-Vsi-interface2] ip address 10.1.2.1 255.255.255.0

[SwitchB-Vsi-interface2] mac-address 2-2-2

[SwitchB-Vsi-interface2] distributed-gateway local

[SwitchB-Vsi-interface2] local-proxy-arp enable

[SwitchB-Vsi-interface2] quit

# Associate VSI-interface 3 with VPN instance vpna, and configure the L3 VXLAN ID as 1000 for the VPN instance.

[SwitchB] interface vsi-interface 3

[SwitchB-Vsi-interface3] ip binding vpn-instance vpna

[SwitchB-Vsi-interface3] l3-vni 1000

[SwitchB-Vsi-interface3] quit

# Specify VSI-interface 1 as the gateway interface for VSI vpna.

[SwitchB] vsi vpna

[SwitchB-vsi-vpna] gateway vsi-interface 1

[SwitchB-vsi-vpna] quit

# Specify VSI-interface 2 as the gateway interface for VSI vpnb.

[SwitchB] vsi vpnb

[SwitchB-vsi-vpnb] gateway vsi-interface 2

[SwitchB-vsi-vpnb] quit

6.     Configure Switch C:

# Enable L2VPN.

<SwitchC> system-view

[SwitchC] l2vpn enable

# Disable remote MAC address learning and remote ARP learning.

[SwitchC] vxlan tunnel mac-learning disable

[SwitchC] vxlan tunnel arp-learning disable

# Configure BGP to advertise BGP EVPN routes.

[SwitchC] bgp 200

[SwitchC-bgp-default] peer 4.4.4.4 as-number 200

[SwitchC-bgp-default] peer 4.4.4.4 connect-interface loopback 0

[SwitchC-bgp-default] address-family l2vpn evpn

[SwitchC-bgp-default-evpn] peer 4.4.4.4 enable

[SwitchC-bgp-default-evpn] quit

[SwitchC-bgp-default] quit

# Configure RD and route target settings for VPN instance vpna.

[SwitchC] ip vpn-instance vpna

[SwitchC-vpn-instance-vpna] route-distinguisher 1:3

[SwitchC-vpn-instance-vpna] address-family ipv4

[SwitchC-vpn-ipv4-vpna] vpn-target 2:2

[SwitchC-vpn-ipv4-vpna] quit

[SwitchC-vpn-instance-vpna] address-family evpn

[SwitchC-vpn-evpn-vpna] vpn-target 1:1

[SwitchC-vpn-evpn-vpna] quit

[SwitchC-vpn-instance-vpna] quit

# Associate VSI-interface 3 with VPN instance vpna, and configure the L3 VXLAN ID as 1000 for the VPN instance.

[SwitchC] interface vsi-interface 3

[SwitchC-Vsi-interface3] ip binding vpn-instance vpna

[SwitchC-Vsi-interface3] l3-vni 1000

[SwitchC-Vsi-interface3] quit

# Configure a default route. The next hop is the IP address of a device in the Layer 3 network.

[SwitchC] ip route-static vpn-instance vpna 0.0.0.0 0 20.1.1.100

# Import the default route to the BGP IPv4 unicast routing table of VPN instance vpna.

[SwitchC] bgp 200

[SwitchC-bgp-default] ip vpn-instance vpna

[SwitchC-bgp-default-vpna] address-family ipv4 unicast

[SwitchC-bgp-default-ipv4-vpna] default-route imported

[SwitchC-bgp-default-ipv4-vpna] import-route static

[SwitchC-bgp-default-ipv4-vpna] quit

[SwitchC-bgp-default-vpna] quit

[SwitchC-bgp-default] quit

# Associate VLAN-interface 20 with VPN instance vpna.

[SwitchC] interface vlan-interface 20

[SwitchC-Vlan-interface20] ip binding vpn-instance vpna

[SwitchC-Vlan-interface20] ip address 20.1.1.3 24

[SwitchC-Vlan-interface20] quit

7.     Configure Switch D:

# Establish BGP connections with other transport network switches.

<SwitchD> system-view

[SwitchD] bgp 200

[SwitchD-bgp-default] group evpn

[SwitchD-bgp-default] peer 1.1.1.1 group evpn

[SwitchD-bgp-default] peer 2.2.2.2 group evpn

[SwitchD-bgp-default] peer 3.3.3.3 group evpn

[SwitchD-bgp-default] peer evpn as-number 200

[SwitchD-bgp-default] peer evpn connect-interface loopback 0

# Configure BGP to advertise BGP EVPN routes, and disable route target filtering for BGP EVPN routes.

[SwitchD-bgp-default] address-family l2vpn evpn

[SwitchD-bgp-default-evpn] peer evpn enable

[SwitchD-bgp-default-evpn] undo policy vpn-target

# Configure Switch D as an RR.

[SwitchD-bgp-default-evpn] peer evpn reflect-client

[SwitchD-bgp-default-evpn] quit

[SwitchD-bgp-default] quit

Verifying the configuration

1.     Verify the distributed EVPN gateway settings on Switch A:

# Verify that Switch A has advertised the IP prefix advertisement routes for the gateways and the MAC/IP advertisement routes and IMET routes for each VSI. Verify that Switch A has received the IP prefix advertisement routes for the gateways and the MAC/IP advertisement routes and IMET routes for each VSI from Switch B.

[SwitchA] display bgp l2vpn evpn

 BGP local router ID is 1.1.1.1

 Status codes: * - valid, > - best, d - dampened, h - history,

               s - suppressed, S - stale, i - internal, e - external

               a - additional-path

               Origin: i - IGP, e - EGP, ? - incomplete

 

 Total number of routes from all PEs: 14

 

 Route distinguisher: 1:1

 Total number of routes: 4

 

* >  Network : [5][0][24][10.1.1.0]/80

     NextHop : 0.0.0.0                                  LocPrf    : 100

     PrefVal : 32768                                    OutLabel  : NULL

     MED     : 0

     Path/Ogn: i

 

* >  Network : [5][0][24][10.1.2.0]/80

     NextHop : 0.0.0.0                                  LocPrf    : 100

     PrefVal : 32768                                    OutLabel  : NULL

     MED     : 0

     Path/Ogn: i

 

* >i Network : [5][0][24][10.1.1.0]/80

     NextHop : 2.2.2.2                                  LocPrf    : 100

     PrefVal : 0                                        OutLabel  : NULL

     MED     : 0

     Path/Ogn: i

 

* >i Network : [5][0][24][10.1.2.0]/80

     NextHop : 2.2.2.2                                  LocPrf    : 100

     PrefVal : 0                                        OutLabel  : NULL

     MED     : 0

     Path/Ogn: i

 

 Route distinguisher: 1:10

 Total number of routes: 5

 

* >  Network : [2][0][48][0000-1234-0001][0][0.0.0.0]/104

     NextHop : 0.0.0.0                                  LocPrf    : 100

     PrefVal : 32768                                    OutLabel  : NULL

     MED     : 0

     Path/Ogn: i

 

* >  Network : [2][0][48][0000-1234-0001][32][10.1.1.10]/136

     NextHop : 0.0.0.0                                  LocPrf    : 100

     PrefVal : 32768                                    OutLabel  : NULL

     MED     : 0

     Path/Ogn: i

 

* >i Network : [2][0][48][0000-1234-0003][32][10.1.1.20]/136

     NextHop : 2.2.2.2                                  LocPrf    : 100

     PrefVal : 0                                        OutLabel  : NULL

     MED     : 0

     Path/Ogn: i

 

* >  Network : [3][10][32][1.1.1.1]/80

     NextHop : 0.0.0.0                                  LocPrf    : 100

     PrefVal : 32768                                    OutLabel  : NULL

     MED     : 0

     Path/Ogn: i

 

* >i Network : [3][10][32][2.2.2.2]/80

     NextHop : 2.2.2.2                                  LocPrf    : 100

     PrefVal : 0                                        OutLabel  : NULL

     MED     : 0

     Path/Ogn: i

 

 Route distinguisher: 1:20

 Total number of routes: 5

 

* >  Network : [2][0][48][0000-1234-0002][0][0.0.0.0]/104

     NextHop : 0.0.0.0                                  LocPrf    : 100

     PrefVal : 32768                                    OutLabel  : NULL

     MED     : 0

     Path/Ogn: i

 

* >  Network : [2][0][48][0000-1234-0002][32][10.1.2.10]/136

     NextHop : 0.0.0.0                                  LocPrf    : 100

     PrefVal : 32768                                    OutLabel  : NULL

     MED     : 0

     Path/Ogn: i

 

* >i Network : [2][0][48][0000-1234-0004][32][10.1.2.20]/136

     NextHop : 2.2.2.2                                  LocPrf    : 100

     PrefVal : 0                                        OutLabel  : NULL

     MED     : 0

     Path/Ogn: i

 

* >  Network : [3][10][32][1.1.1.1]/80

     NextHop : 0.0.0.0                                  LocPrf    : 100

     PrefVal : 32768                                    OutLabel  : NULL

     MED     : 0

     Path/Ogn: i

 

* >i Network : [3][10][32][2.2.2.2]/80

     NextHop : 2.2.2.2                                  LocPrf    : 100

     PrefVal : 0                                        OutLabel  : NULL

     MED     : 0

     Path/Ogn: i

# Verify that the VXLAN tunnel interfaces are up on Switch A. (This example uses Tunnel 0.)

[SwitchA] display interface tunnel 0

Tunnel0

Current state: UP

Line protocol state: UP

Description: Tunnel0 Interface

Bandwidth: 64 kbps

Maximum transmission unit: 1464

Internet protocol processing: Disabled

Last clearing of counters: Never

Tunnel source 1.1.1.1, destination 2.2.2.2

Tunnel protocol/transport UDP_VXLAN/IP

Last 300 seconds input rate: 0 bytes/sec, 0 bits/sec, 0 packets/sec

Last 300 seconds output rate: 0 bytes/sec, 0 bits/sec, 0 packets/sec

Input: 9 packets, 882 bytes, 0 drops

Output: 9 packets, 882 bytes, 0 drops

# Verify that the VSI interfaces are up on Switch A. (This example uses VSI-interface 1.)

[SwitchA] display interface vsi-interface brief

Brief information on interfaces in route mode:

Link: ADM - administratively down; Stby - standby

Protocol: (s) - spoofing

Interface            Link Protocol Primary IP          Description

Vsi1                 UP   UP       10.1.1.1

Vsi2                 UP   UP       10.1.2.1

# Verify that the VXLAN tunnels have been assigned to the VXLANs, and that the VSI interfaces are the gateway interfaces of their respective VXLANs.

[SwitchA] display l2vpn vsi verbose

VSI Name: Auto_L3VNI200_3

  VSI Index               : 1

  VSI State               : Down

  MTU                     : 1500

  Bandwidth               : Unlimited

  Broadcast Restrain      : Unlimited

  Multicast Restrain      : Unlimited

  Unknown Unicast Restrain: Unlimited

  MAC Learning            : Enabled

  MAC Table Limit         : -

  MAC Learning rate       : -

  Drop Unknown            : -

  Flooding                : Enabled

  Statistics              : Disabled

  Gateway Interface       : VSI-interface 3

  VXLAN ID                : 1000

 

VSI Name: vpna

  VSI Index               : 0

  VSI State               : Up

  MTU                     : 1500

  Bandwidth               : Unlimited

  Broadcast Restrain      : Unlimited

  Multicast Restrain      : Unlimited

  Unknown Unicast Restrain: Unlimited

  MAC Learning            : Enabled

  MAC Table Limit         : -

  MAC Learning rate       : -

  Drop Unknown            : -

  Flooding                : Enabled

  Statistics              : Disabled

  Gateway Interface       : VSI-interface 1

  VXLAN ID                : 10

  Tunnels:

    Tunnel Name          Link ID    State  Type      Flood proxy

    Tunnel0              0x5000001  Up     Auto      Disabled

    Tunnel1              0x5000002  Up     Auto      Disabled

  ACs:

    AC                               Link ID    State    Type

    WGE1/0/1 srv1000                 0          Up       Manual

 

VSI Name: vpnb

  VSI Index               : 0

  VSI State               : Up

  MTU                     : 1500

  Bandwidth               : Unlimited

  Broadcast Restrain      : Unlimited

  Multicast Restrain      : Unlimited

  Unknown Unicast Restrain: Unlimited

  MAC Learning            : Enabled

  MAC Table Limit         : -

  MAC Learning rate       : -

  Drop Unknown            : -

  Flooding                : Enabled

  Statistics              : Disabled

  Gateway Interface       : VSI-interface 2

  VXLAN ID                : 20

  Tunnels:

    Tunnel Name          Link ID    State  Type      Flood proxy

    Tunnel0              0x5000001  Up     Auto      Disabled

    Tunnel1              0x5000002  Up     Auto      Disabled

  ACs:

    AC                               Link ID    State    Type

    WGE1/0/1 srv2000                 0          Up       Manual

# Verify that Switch A has created ARP entries for the VMs. (Details not shown.)

# Verify that Switch A has created EVPN ARP entries for the local VMs.

[SwitchA] display evpn route arp

Flags: D - Dynamic   B - BGP      L - Local active

       G - Gateway   S - Static   M - Mapping        I - Invalid

 

VPN instance: vpna                            Interface: Vsi-interface1

IP address      MAC address     Router MAC      VSI Index   Flags

10.1.1.1        0001-0001-0001  a0ce-7e40-0400  0           GL

10.1.1.10       0000-1234-0001  a0ce-7e40-0400  0           DL

10.1.2.10       0000-1234-0002  a0ce-7e40-0400  0           DL

10.1.1.20       0000-1234-0003  a0ce-7e40-0400  0           B

10.1.2.20       0000-1234-0004  a0ce-7e40-0400  0           B

2.     Verify that VM 1, VM 2, VM 3, and VM 4 can communicate with one another. (Details not shown.)

Example: Configuring distributed EVPN gateways in symmetric IRB mode (IPv6 underlay network)

Network configuration

As shown in Figure 19:

·     Configure VXLAN 10 and VXLAN 20 on Switch A and Switch B to provide connectivity for the VMs in the VXLANs across the network sites.

·     Configure Switch A and Switch B as distributed EVPN gateways to provide gateway services in symmetric IRB mode. Configure Switch C as a border gateway to provide access to the connected Layer 3 network.

·     Configure Switch D as an RR to reflect BGP EVPN routes between Switch A, Switch B, and Switch C.

 

 

NOTE:

This example provides configuration of IPv6 sites over an IPv6 underlay network.

 

Figure 19 Network diagram

Procedure

1.     Set the hardware resource mode of Switch A, Switch B, and Switch C. This step uses Switch A as an example.

<SwitchA> system-view

[SwitchA] hardware-resource vxlan l3gw

Do you want to change the specified hardware resource working mode? [Y/N]:y

The hardware resource working mode is changed, please save the configuration and

reboot the system to make it effective.

[SwitchA] quit

<SwitchA> reboot

Start to check configuration with next startup configuration file, please wait..

.......DONE!

Current configuration may be lost after the reboot, save current configuration?

[Y/N]:y

This command will reboot the device. Continue? [Y/N]:y

2.     On VM 1 and VM 3, specify 11::1 as the gateway address. On VM 2 and VM 4, specify 12::1 as the gateway address. (Details not shown.)

3.     Configure IPv6 addresses and unicast routing settings:

# Assign IPv6 addresses to interfaces, as shown in Figure 19. (Details not shown.)

# Configure OSPFv3 on all transport network switches (Switches A through D) for them to reach one another. (Details not shown.)

4.     Configure Switch A:

# Enable L2VPN.

<SwitchA> system-view

[SwitchA] l2vpn enable

# Disable remote MAC address learning and remote ND learning.

[SwitchA] vxlan tunnel mac-learning disable

[SwitchA] vxlan tunnel nd-learning disable

# Create an EVPN instance on VSI vpna, and configure the switch to automatically generate an RD and a route target for the EVPN instance.

[SwitchA] vsi vpna

[SwitchA-vsi-vpna] evpn encapsulation vxlan

[SwitchA-vsi-vpna-evpn-vxlan] route-distinguisher auto

[SwitchA-vsi-vpna-evpn-vxlan] vpn-target auto

[SwitchA-vsi-vpna-evpn-vxlan] quit

# Create VXLAN 10.

[SwitchA-vsi-vpna] vxlan 10

[SwitchA-vsi-vpna-vxlan-10] quit

[SwitchA-vsi-vpna] quit

# Create an EVPN instance on VSI vpnb, and configure the switch to automatically generate an RD and a route target for the EVPN instance.

[SwitchA] vsi vpnb

[SwitchA-vsi-vpnb] evpn encapsulation vxlan

[SwitchA-vsi-vpnb-evpn-vxlan] route-distinguisher auto

[SwitchA-vsi-vpnb-evpn-vxlan] vpn-target auto

[SwitchA-vsi-vpnb-evpn-vxlan] quit

# Create VXLAN 20.

[SwitchA-vsi-vpnb] vxlan 20

[SwitchA-vsi-vpnb-vxlan-20] quit

[SwitchA-vsi-vpnb] quit

# Configure BGP to advertise BGP EVPN routes.

[SwitchA] bgp 200

[SwitchA-bgp-default] router-id 1.1.1.1

[SwitchA-bgp-default] peer 4::4 as-number 200

[SwitchA-bgp-default] peer 4::4 connect-interface loopback 0

[SwitchA-bgp-default] address-family l2vpn evpn

[SwitchA-bgp-default-evpn] peer 4::4 enable

[SwitchA-bgp-default-evpn] quit

[SwitchA-bgp-default] quit

# On Twenty-FiveGigE 1/0/1, create Ethernet service instance 1000 to match VLAN 2.

[SwitchA] interface twenty-fivegige 1/0/1

[SwitchA-Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/1] port link-type trunk

[SwitchA-Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/1] port trunk permit vlan 2 3

[SwitchA-Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/1] service-instance 1000

[SwitchA-Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/1-srv1000] encapsulation s-vid 2

# Map Ethernet service instance 1000 to VSI vpna.

[SwitchA-Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/1-srv1000] xconnect vsi vpna

[SwitchA-Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/1-srv1000] quit

# On Twenty-FiveGigE 1/0/1, create Ethernet service instance 2000 to match VLAN 3.

[SwitchA-Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/1] service-instance 2000

[SwitchA-Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/1-srv2000] encapsulation s-vid 3

# Map Ethernet service instance 2000 to VSI vpnb.

[SwitchA-Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/1-srv2000] xconnect vsi vpnb

[SwitchA-Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/1-srv2000] quit

[SwitchA-Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/1] quit

# Configure RD and route target settings for VPN instance vpna.

[SwitchA] ip vpn-instance vpna

[SwitchA-vpn-instance-vpna] route-distinguisher 1:1

[SwitchA-vpn-instance-vpna] address-family ipv6

[SwitchA-vpn-ipv6-vpna] vpn-target 2:2

[SwitchA-vpn-ipv6-vpna] quit

[SwitchA-vpn-instance-vpna] address-family evpn

[SwitchA-vpn-evpn-vpna] vpn-target 1:1

[SwitchA-vpn-evpn-vpna] quit

[SwitchA-vpn-instance-vpna] quit

# Configure VSI-interface 1.

[SwitchA] interface vsi-interface 1

[SwitchA-Vsi-interface1] ip binding vpn-instance vpna

[SwitchA-Vsi-interface1] ipv6 address 11::1 64

[SwitchA-Vsi-interface1] mac-address 1-1-1

[SwitchA-Vsi-interface1] distributed-gateway local

[SwitchA-Vsi-interface1] local-proxy-nd enable

[SwitchA-Vsi-interface1] quit

# Configure VSI-interface 2.

[SwitchA] interface vsi-interface 2

[SwitchA-Vsi-interface2] ip binding vpn-instance vpna

[SwitchA-Vsi-interface2] ipv6 address 12::1 64

[SwitchA-Vsi-interface2] mac-address 2-2-2

[SwitchA-Vsi-interface2] distributed-gateway local

[SwitchA-Vsi-interface2] local-proxy-nd enable

[SwitchA-Vsi-interface2] quit

# Associate VSI-interface 3 with VPN instance vpna, and configure the L3 VXLAN ID as 1000 for the VPN instance.

[SwitchA] interface vsi-interface 3

[SwitchA-Vsi-interface3] ip binding vpn-instance vpna

[SwitchA-Vsi-interface3] ipv6 address auto link-local

[SwitchA-Vsi-interface3] l3-vni 1000

[SwitchA-Vsi-interface3] quit

# Specify VSI-interface 1 as the gateway interface for VSI vpna.

[SwitchA] vsi vpna

[SwitchA-vsi-vpna] gateway vsi-interface 1

[SwitchA-vsi-vpna] quit

# Specify VSI-interface 2 as the gateway interface for VSI vpnb.

[SwitchA] vsi vpnb

[SwitchA-vsi-vpnb] gateway vsi-interface 2

[SwitchA-vsi-vpnb] quit

5.     Configure Switch B:

# Enable L2VPN.

<SwitchB> system-view

[SwitchB] l2vpn enable

# Disable remote MAC address learning and remote ND learning.

[SwitchB] vxlan tunnel mac-learning disable

[SwitchB] vxlan tunnel nd-learning disable

# Create an EVPN instance on VSI vpna, and configure the switch to automatically generate an RD and a route target for the EVPN instance.

[SwitchB] vsi vpna

[SwitchB-vsi-vpna] evpn encapsulation vxlan

[SwitchB-vsi-vpna-evpn-vxlan] route-distinguisher auto

[SwitchB-vsi-vpna-evpn-vxlan] vpn-target auto

[SwitchB-vsi-vpna-evpn-vxlan] quit

# Create VXLAN 10.

[SwitchB-vsi-vpna] vxlan 10

[SwitchB-vsi-vpna-vxlan-10] quit

[SwitchB-vsi-vpna] quit

# Create an EVPN instance on VSI vpnb, and configure the switch to automatically generate an RD and a route target for the EVPN instance.

[SwitchB] vsi vpnb

[SwitchB-vsi-vpnb] evpn encapsulation vxlan

[SwitchB-vsi-vpnb-evpn-vxlan] route-distinguisher auto

[SwitchB-vsi-vpnb-evpn-vxlan] vpn-target auto

[SwitchB-vsi-vpnb-evpn-vxlan] quit

# Create VXLAN 20.

[SwitchB-vsi-vpnb] vxlan 20

[SwitchB-vsi-vpnb-vxlan-20] quit

[SwitchB-vsi-vpnb] quit

# Configure BGP to advertise BGP EVPN routes.

[SwitchB] bgp 200

[SwitchB-bgp-default] router-id 2.2.2.2

[SwitchB-bgp-default] peer 4::4 as-number 200

[SwitchB-bgp-default] peer 4::4 connect-interface loopback 0

[SwitchB-bgp-default] address-family l2vpn evpn

[SwitchB-bgp-default-evpn] peer 4::4 enable

[SwitchB-bgp-default-evpn] quit

[SwitchB-bgp-default] quit

# On Twenty-FiveGigE 1/0/1, create Ethernet service instance 1000 to match VLAN 2.

[SwitchB] interface twenty-fivegige 1/0/1

[SwitchB-Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/1] port link-type trunk

[SwitchB-Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/1] port trunk permit vlan 2

[SwitchB-Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/1] service-instance 1000

[SwitchB-Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/1-srv1000] encapsulation s-vid 2

# Map Ethernet service instance 1000 to VSI vpna.

[SwitchB-Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/1-srv1000] xconnect vsi vpna

[SwitchB-Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/1-srv1000] quit

[SwitchB-Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/1] quit

# On Twenty-FiveGigE 1/0/2, create Ethernet service instance 2000 to match VLAN 3.

[SwitchB] interface twenty-fivegige 1/0/2

[SwitchB-Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/2] port link-type trunk

[SwitchB-Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/2] port trunk permit vlan 3

[SwitchB-Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/2] service-instance 2000

[SwitchB-Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/2-srv2000] encapsulation s-vid 3

# Map Ethernet service instance 2000 to VSI vpnb.

[SwitchB-Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/2-srv2000] xconnect vsi vpnb

[SwitchB-Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/2-srv2000] quit

[SwitchB-Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/2] quit

# Configure RD and route target settings for VPN instance vpna.

[SwitchB] ip vpn-instance vpna

[SwitchB-vpn-instance-vpna] route-distinguisher 1:2

[SwitchB-vpn-instance-vpna] address-family ipv6

[SwitchB-vpn-ipv6-vpna] vpn-target 2:2

[SwitchB-vpn-ipv6-vpna] quit

[SwitchB-vpn-instance-vpna] address-family evpn

[SwitchB-vpn-evpn-vpna] vpn-target 1:1

[SwitchB-vpn-evpn-vpna] quit

[SwitchB-vpn-instance-vpna] quit

# Configure VSI-interface 1.

[SwitchB] interface vsi-interface 1

[SwitchB-Vsi-interface1] ip binding vpn-instance vpna

[SwitchB-Vsi-interface1] ipv6 address 11::1 64

[SwitchB-Vsi-interface1] mac-address 1-1-1

[SwitchB-Vsi-interface1] distributed-gateway local

[SwitchB-Vsi-interface1] local-proxy-nd enable

[SwitchB-Vsi-interface1] quit

# Configure VSI-interface 2.

[SwitchB] interface vsi-interface 2

[SwitchB-Vsi-interface2] ip binding vpn-instance vpna

[SwitchB-Vsi-interface2] ipv6 address 12::1 64

[SwitchB-Vsi-interface2] mac-address 2-2-2

[SwitchB-Vsi-interface2] distributed-gateway local

[SwitchB-Vsi-interface2] local-proxy-nd enable

[SwitchB-Vsi-interface2] quit

# Associate VSI-interface 3 with VPN instance vpna, and configure the L3 VXLAN ID as 1000 for the VPN instance.

[SwitchB] interface vsi-interface 3

[SwitchB-Vsi-interface3] ip binding vpn-instance vpna

[SwitchB-Vsi-interface3] ipv6 address auto link-local

[SwitchB-Vsi-interface3] l3-vni 1000

[SwitchB-Vsi-interface3] quit

# Specify VSI-interface 1 as the gateway interface for VSI vpna.

[SwitchB] vsi vpna

[SwitchB-vsi-vpna] gateway vsi-interface 1

[SwitchB-vsi-vpna] quit

# Specify VSI-interface 2 as the gateway interface for VSI vpnb.

[SwitchB] vsi vpnb

[SwitchB-vsi-vpnb] gateway vsi-interface 2

[SwitchB-vsi-vpnb] quit

6.     Configure Switch C:

# Enable L2VPN.

<SwitchC> system-view

[SwitchC] l2vpn enable

# Disable remote MAC address learning and remote ND learning.

[SwitchC] vxlan tunnel mac-learning disable

[SwitchC] vxlan tunnel nd-learning disable

# Configure BGP to advertise BGP EVPN routes.

[SwitchC] bgp 200

[SwitchC-bgp-default] router-id 3.3.3.3

[SwitchC-bgp-default] peer 4::4 as-number 200

[SwitchC-bgp-default] peer 4::4 connect-interface loopback 0

[SwitchC-bgp-default] address-family l2vpn evpn

[SwitchC-bgp-default-evpn] peer 4::4 enable

[SwitchC-bgp-default-evpn] quit

[SwitchC-bgp-default] quit

# Configure RD and route target settings for VPN instance vpna.

[SwitchC] ip vpn-instance vpna

[SwitchC-vpn-instance-vpna] route-distinguisher 1:3

[SwitchC-vpn-instance-vpna] address-family ipv6

[SwitchC-vpn-ipv6-vpna] vpn-target 2:2

[SwitchC-vpn-ipv6-vpna] quit

[SwitchC-vpn-instance-vpna] address-family evpn

[SwitchC-vpn-evpn-vpna] vpn-target 1:1

[SwitchC-vpn-evpn-vpna] quit

[SwitchC-vpn-instance-vpna] quit

# Associate VSI-interface 3 with VPN instance vpna, and configure the L3 VXLAN ID as 1000 for the VPN instance.

[SwitchC] interface vsi-interface 3

[SwitchC-Vsi-interface3] ip binding vpn-instance vpna

[SwitchC-Vsi-interface3] ipv6 address auto link-local

[SwitchC-Vsi-interface3] l3-vni 1000

[SwitchC-Vsi-interface3] quit

# Configure a default route. The next hop is the IP address of a device in the Layer 3 network.

[SwitchC] ipv6 route-static vpn-instance vpna :: 0 20::100

# Import the default route to the BGP IPv6 unicast routing table of VPN instance vpna.

[SwitchC] bgp 200

[SwitchC-bgp-default] ip vpn-instance vpna

[SwitchC-bgp-default-vpna] address-family ipv6 unicast

[SwitchC-bgp-default-ipv6-vpna] default-route imported

[SwitchC-bgp-default-ipv6-vpna] import-route static

[SwitchC-bgp-default-ipv6-vpna] quit

[SwitchC-bgp-default-vpna] quit

[SwitchC-bgp-default] quit

# Associate VLAN-interface 20 with VPN instance vpna.

[SwitchC] interface vlan-interface 20

[SwitchC-Vlan-interface20] ip binding vpn-instance vpna

[SwitchC-Vlan-interface20] ipv6 address 20::1 64

[SwitchC-Vlan-interface20] quit

7.     Configure Switch D:

# Establish BGP connections with other transport network switches.

<SwitchD> system-view

[SwitchD] bgp 200

[SwitchD-bgp-default] router-id 4.4.4.4

[SwitchD-bgp-default] group evpn

[SwitchD-bgp-default] peer 1::1 group evpn

[SwitchD-bgp-default] peer 2::2 group evpn

[SwitchD-bgp-default] peer 3::3 group evpn

[SwitchD-bgp-default] peer evpn as-number 200

[SwitchD-bgp-default] peer evpn connect-interface loopback 0

# Configure BGP to advertise BGP EVPN routes, and disable route target filtering for BGP EVPN routes.

[SwitchD-bgp-default] address-family l2vpn evpn

[SwitchD-bgp-default-evpn] peer evpn enable

[SwitchD-bgp-default-evpn] undo policy vpn-target

# Configure Switch D as an RR.

[SwitchD-bgp-default-evpn] peer evpn reflect-client

[SwitchD-bgp-default-evpn] quit

[SwitchD-bgp-default] quit

Verifying the configuration

1.     Verify the distributed EVPN gateway settings on Switch A:

# Verify that Switch A has advertised the IP prefix advertisement routes for the gateways and the MAC/IP advertisement routes and IMET routes for each VSI. Verify that Switch A has received the IP prefix advertisement routes for the gateways and the MAC/IP advertisement routes and IMET routes for each VSI from Switch B.

[SwitchA] display bgp l2vpn evpn

 BGP local router ID is 1.1.1.1

 Status codes: * - valid, > - best, d - dampened, h - history,

               s - suppressed, S - stale, i - internal, e - external

               a - additional-path

               Origin: i - IGP, e - EGP, ? - incomplete

 

 Total number of routes from all PEs: 14

 

 Route distinguisher: 1:1

 Total number of routes: 4

 

* >  Network : [5][0][64][11::0]/176

     NextHop : 0.0.0.0                                  LocPrf    : 100

     PrefVal : 32768                                    OutLabel  : NULL

     MED     : 0

     Path/Ogn: i

 

* >  Network : [5][0][64][12::0]/176

     NextHop : 0.0.0.0                                  LocPrf    : 100

     PrefVal : 32768                                    OutLabel  : NULL

     MED     : 0

     Path/Ogn: i

 

* >i Network : [5][0][64][11::0]/176

     NextHop : 2::2                                     LocPrf    : 100

     PrefVal : 0                                        OutLabel  : NULL

     MED     : 0

     Path/Ogn: i

 

* >i Network : [5][0][64][12::0]/176

     NextHop : 2::2                                     LocPrf    : 100

     PrefVal : 0                                        OutLabel  : NULL

     MED     : 0

     Path/Ogn: i

 

 Route distinguisher: 1:10

 Total number of routes: 5

 

* >  Network : [2][0][48][8291-87ab-0206][128][11::7]/232

     NextHop : 0.0.0.0                                  LocPrf    : 100

     PrefVal : 32768                                    OutLabel  : NULL

     MED     : 0

     Path/Ogn: i

 

* >i Network : [2][0][48][8291-920d-0306][128][11::8]/232

     NextHop : 2::2                                     LocPrf    : 100

     PrefVal : 0                                        OutLabel  : NULL

     MED     : 0

     Path/Ogn: i

 

* >  Network : [3][10][32][1.1.1.1]/80

     NextHop : 0.0.0.0                                  LocPrf    : 100

     PrefVal : 32768                                    OutLabel  : NULL

     MED     : 0

     Path/Ogn: i

 

* >i Network : [3][10][32][2.2.2.2]/80

     NextHop : 2::2                                     LocPrf    : 100

     PrefVal : 32768                                    OutLabel  : NULL

     MED     : 0

     Path/Ogn: i

 

 Route distinguisher: 1:20

 Total number of routes: 5

 

* >  [2][0][48][8291-87ab-0206][128][12::7]/232

     NextHop : 0.0.0.0                                  LocPrf    : 100

     PrefVal : 32768                                    OutLabel  : NULL

     MED     : 0

     Path/Ogn: i

 

* >i Network : [2][0][48][8291-920d-0306][128][12::8]/232

     NextHop : 2::2                                     LocPrf    : 100

     PrefVal : 0                                        OutLabel  : NULL

     MED     : 0

     Path/Ogn: i

 

* >  [3][10][32][1.1.1.1]/80

     NextHop : 0.0.0.0                                  LocPrf    : 100

     PrefVal : 32768                                    OutLabel  : NULL

     MED     : 0

     Path/Ogn: i

 

* >i Network : [3][10][32][2.2.2.2]/80

     NextHop : 2::2                                     LocPrf    : 100

     PrefVal : 32768                                    OutLabel  : NULL

     MED     : 0

     Path/Ogn: i

# Verify that the VXLAN tunnel interfaces are up on Switch A. (This example uses Tunnel 0.)

[SwitchA] display interface tunnel 0

Tunnel0

Current state: UP

Line protocol state: UP

Description: Tunnel0 Interface

Bandwidth: 64 kbps

Maximum transmission unit: 1464

Internet protocol processing: Disabled

Last clearing of counters: Never

Tunnel source 1::1, destination 2::2

Tunnel protocol/transport UDP_VXLAN/IPv6

Last 300 seconds input rate: 0 bytes/sec, 0 bits/sec, 0 packets/sec

Last 300 seconds output rate: 0 bytes/sec, 0 bits/sec, 0 packets/sec

Input: 0 packets, 0 bytes, 0 drops

Output: 0 packets, 0 bytes, 0 drops

# Verify that the VSI interfaces are up on Switch A. (This example uses VSI-interface 1.)

[SwitchA] display ipv6 interface vsi-interface brief

*down: administratively down

(s): spoofing

Interface                                 Physical Protocol IPv6 Address

Vsi1                                      UP       UP       11::1

Vsi2                                      UP       UP       12::1

# Verify that the VXLAN tunnels have been assigned to the VXLANs, and that the VSI interfaces are the gateway interfaces of their respective VXLANs.

[SwitchA] display l2vpn vsi verbose

VSI Name: Auto_L3VNI200_3

  VSI Index               : 1

  VSI State               : Down

  MTU                     : 1500

  Bandwidth               : Unlimited

  Broadcast Restrain      : Unlimited

  Multicast Restrain      : Unlimited

  Unknown Unicast Restrain: Unlimited

  MAC Learning            : Enabled

  MAC Table Limit         : -

  MAC Learning rate       : -

  Drop Unknown            : -

  Flooding                : Enabled

  Statistics              : Disabled

  Gateway Interface       : VSI-interface 3

  VXLAN ID                : 1000

 

VSI Name: vpna

  VSI Index               : 0

  VSI State               : Up

  MTU                     : 1500

  Bandwidth               : Unlimited

  Broadcast Restrain      : Unlimited

  Multicast Restrain      : Unlimited

  Unknown Unicast Restrain: Unlimited

  MAC Learning            : Enabled

  MAC Table Limit         : -

  MAC Learning rate       : -

  Drop Unknown            : -

  Flooding                : Enabled

  Statistics              : Disabled

  Gateway Interface       : VSI-interface 1

  VXLAN ID                : 10

  Tunnels:

    Tunnel Name          Link ID    State  Type      Flood proxy

    Tunnel0              0x5000001  Up     Auto      Disabled

    Tunnel1              0x5000002  Up     Auto      Disabled

  ACs:

    AC                               Link ID    State    Type

    WGE1/0/1 srv1000                 0          Up       Manual

 

VSI Name: vpnb

  VSI Index               : 0

  VSI State               : Up

  MTU                     : 1500

  Bandwidth               : Unlimited

  Broadcast Restrain      : Unlimited

  Multicast Restrain      : Unlimited

  Unknown Unicast Restrain: Unlimited

  MAC Learning            : Enabled

  MAC Table Limit         : -

  MAC Learning rate       : -

  Drop Unknown            : -

  Flooding                : Enabled

  Statistics              : Disabled

  Gateway Interface       : VSI-interface 2

  VXLAN ID                : 20

  Tunnels:

    Tunnel Name          Link ID    State  Type      Flood proxy

    Tunnel0              0x5000001  Up     Auto      Disabled

    Tunnel1              0x5000002  Up     Auto      Disabled

  ACs:

    AC                               Link ID    State    Type

    WGE1/0/1 srv2000                 0          Up       Manual

# Verify that Switch A has created EVPN ND entries for the local VMs.

[SwitchA] display evpn route nd

Flags: D - Dynamic   B - BGP      L - Local active

       G - Gateway   S - Static   M - Mapping        I - Invalid

 

VPN instance: vpna                            Interface: Vsi-interface1

IPv6 address :   11::1

MAC address  :   0001-0001-0001       Router MAC   :   06dc-93de-0100

VSI index    :   0                    Flags        :   GL

 

IPv6 address :   11::7

MAC address  :   06dc-98ca-0206       Router MAC   :   06dc-93de-0100

VSI index    :   0                    Flags        :   DL

 

IPv6 address :   11::8

MAC address  :   06dc-a8dd-0506       Router MAC   :   06dc-a235-0400

VSI index    :   0                    Flags        :   B

 

VPN instance: vpnb                            Interface: Vsi-interface2

IPv6 address :   12::1

MAC address  :   0002-0002-0002       Router MAC   :   06dc-93de-0100

VSI index    :   1                    Flags        :   GL

 

IPv6 address :   12::7

MAC address  :   06dc-9ca0-0306       Router MAC   :   06dc-93de-0100

VSI index    :   1                    Flags        :   DL

 

IPv6 address :   12::8

MAC address  :   06dc-ad91-0606       Router MAC   :   06dc-a235-0400

VSI index    :   1                    Flags        :   B

2.     Verify that VM 1, VM 2, VM 3, and VM 4 can communicate with one another. (Details not shown.)

Example: Configuring distributed EVPN gateways in asymmetric IRB mode (IPv4 underlay network)

Network configuration

As shown in Figure 20:

·     Configure VXLAN 10 and VXLAN 20 on Switch A and Switch B to provide connectivity for the VMs in the VXLANs across the network sites.

·     Configure Switch A and Switch B as distributed EVPN gateways to provide gateway services in asymmetric IRB mode. Configure Switch C as a border gateway to provide access to the connected Layer 3 network.

·     Configure Switch D as an RR to reflect BGP EVPN routes between Switch A, Switch B, and Switch C.

Figure 20 Network diagram

Software version compatibility

This example is supported only in Release 6616 and later.

Procedure

1.     Specify 10.1.1.1, 10.1.2.1, 20.1.1.1, and 20.1.2.1 as the gateway addresses on VM 1, VM 2, VM 3, and VM 4, respectively. (Details not shown.)

2.     Configure IP addresses and unicast routing settings:

# Assign IP addresses to interfaces, as shown in Figure 20. (Details not shown.)

# Configure OSPF on all transport network switches (Switches A through D) for them to reach one another. (Details not shown.)

3.     Configure Switch A:

# Enable L2VPN.

<SwitchA> system-view

[SwitchA] l2vpn enable

# Disable remote MAC address learning and remote ARP learning.

[SwitchA] vxlan tunnel mac-learning disable

[SwitchA] vxlan tunnel arp-learning disable

# Enable asymmetric IRB mode for EVPN VXLAN.

[SwitchA] evpn irb asymmetric

# Create an EVPN instance on VSI vpna, and configure the switch to automatically generate an RD and a route target for the EVPN instance.

[SwitchA] vsi vpna

[SwitchA-vsi-vpna] evpn encapsulation vxlan

[SwitchA-vsi-vpna-evpn-vxlan] route-distinguisher auto

[SwitchA-vsi-vpna-evpn-vxlan] vpn-target auto

[SwitchA-vsi-vpna-evpn-vxlan] quit

# Create VXLAN 10.

[SwitchA-vsi-vpna] vxlan 10

[SwitchA-vsi-vpna-vxlan-10] quit

[SwitchA-vsi-vpna] quit

# Create an EVPN instance on VSI vpnb, and configure the switch to automatically generate an RD and a route target for the EVPN instance.

[SwitchA] vsi vpnb

[SwitchA-vsi-vpnb] evpn encapsulation vxlan

[SwitchA-vsi-vpnb-evpn-vxlan] route-distinguisher auto

[SwitchA-vsi-vpnb-evpn-vxlan] vpn-target auto

[SwitchA-vsi-vpnb-evpn-vxlan] quit

# Create VXLAN 20.

[SwitchA-vsi-vpnb] vxlan 20

[SwitchA-vsi-vpnb-vxlan-20] quit

[SwitchA-vsi-vpnb] quit

# Configure BGP to advertise BGP EVPN routes.

[SwitchA] bgp 200

[SwitchA-bgp-default] peer 4.4.4.4 as-number 200

[SwitchA-bgp-default] peer 4.4.4.4 connect-interface loopback 0

[SwitchA-bgp-default] address-family l2vpn evpn

[SwitchA-bgp-default-evpn] peer 4.4.4.4 enable

[SwitchA-bgp-default-evpn] quit

[SwitchA-bgp-default] quit

# On Twenty-FiveGigE 1/0/1, create Ethernet service instance 1000 to match VLAN 2.

[SwitchA] interface twenty-fivegige 1/0/1

[SwitchA-Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/1] service-instance 1000

[SwitchA-Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/1-srv1000] encapsulation s-vid 2

# Map Ethernet service instance 1000 to VSI vpna.

[SwitchA-Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/1-srv1000] xconnect vsi vpna

[SwitchA-Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/1-srv1000] quit

# On Twenty-FiveGigE 1/0/1, create Ethernet service instance 2000 to match VLAN 3.

[SwitchA-Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/1] service-instance 2000

[SwitchA-Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/1-srv2000] encapsulation s-vid 3

# Map Ethernet service instance 2000 to VSI vpnb.

[SwitchA-Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/1-srv2000] xconnect vsi vpnb

[SwitchA-Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/1-srv2000] quit

[SwitchA-Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/1] quit

# Configure RD and route target settings for VPN instance vpna.

[SwitchA] ip vpn-instance vpna

[SwitchA-vpn-instance-vpna] route-distinguisher 1:1

[SwitchA-vpn-instance-vpna] address-family ipv4

[SwitchA-vpn-ipv4-vpna] vpn-target 2:2

[SwitchA-vpn-ipv4-vpna] quit

[SwitchA-vpn-instance-vpna] address-family evpn

[SwitchA-vpn-evpn-vpna] vpn-target 1:1

[SwitchA-vpn-evpn-vpna] quit

[SwitchA-vpn-instance-vpna] quit

# Configure VSI-interface 1.

[SwitchA] interface vsi-interface 1

[SwitchA-Vsi-interface1] ip binding vpn-instance vpna

[SwitchA-Vsi-interface1] ip address 10.1.1.1 255.255.255.0

[SwitchA-Vsi-interface1] mac-address 1-1-1

[SwitchA-Vsi-interface1] distributed-gateway local

[SwitchA-Vsi-interface1] local-proxy-arp enable

[SwitchA-Vsi-interface1] quit

# Configure VSI-interface 2.

[SwitchA] interface vsi-interface 2

[SwitchA-Vsi-interface2] ip binding vpn-instance vpna

[SwitchA-Vsi-interface2] ip address 10.1.2.1 255.255.255.0

[SwitchA-Vsi-interface2] mac-address 2-2-2

[SwitchA-Vsi-interface2] distributed-gateway local

[SwitchA-Vsi-interface2] local-proxy-arp enable

[SwitchA-Vsi-interface2] quit

# Associate VSI-interface 3 with VPN instance vpna, and configure the L3 VXLAN ID as 1000 for the VPN instance.

[SwitchA] interface vsi-interface 3

[SwitchA-Vsi-interface3] ip binding vpn-instance vpna

[SwitchA-Vsi-interface3] l3-vni 1000

[SwitchA-Vsi-interface3] quit

# Specify VSI-interface 1 as the gateway interface for VSI vpna.

[SwitchA] vsi vpna

[SwitchA-vsi-vpna] gateway vsi-interface 1

[SwitchA-vsi-vpna] quit

# Specify VSI-interface 2 as the gateway interface for VSI vpnb.

[SwitchA] vsi vpnb

[SwitchA-vsi-vpnb] gateway vsi-interface 2

[SwitchA-vsi-vpnb] quit

4.     Configure Switch B:

# Enable L2VPN.

<SwitchB> system-view

[SwitchB] l2vpn enable

# Disable remote MAC address learning and remote ARP learning.

[SwitchB] vxlan tunnel mac-learning disable

[SwitchB] vxlan tunnel arp-learning disable

# Enable asymmetric IRB mode for EVPN VXLAN.

[SwitchA] evpn irb asymmetric

# Create an EVPN instance on VSI vpna, and configure the switch to automatically generate an RD and a route target for the EVPN instance.

[SwitchB] vsi vpna

[SwitchB-vsi-vpna] evpn encapsulation vxlan

[SwitchB-vsi-vpna-evpn-vxlan] route-distinguisher auto

[SwitchB-vsi-vpna-evpn-vxlan] vpn-target auto

[SwitchB-vsi-vpna-evpn-vxlan] quit

# Create VXLAN 10.

[SwitchB-vsi-vpna] vxlan 10

[SwitchB-vsi-vpna-vxlan-10] quit

[SwitchB-vsi-vpna] quit

# Create an EVPN instance on VSI vpnb, and configure the switch to automatically generate an RD and a route target for the EVPN instance.

[SwitchB] vsi vpnb

[SwitchB-vsi-vpnb] evpn encapsulation vxlan

[SwitchB-vsi-vpnb-evpn-vxlan] route-distinguisher auto

[SwitchB-vsi-vpnb-evpn-vxlan] vpn-target auto

[SwitchB-vsi-vpnb-evpn-vxlan] quit

# Create VXLAN 20.

[SwitchB-vsi-vpnb] vxlan 20

[SwitchB-vsi-vpnb-vxlan-20] quit

[SwitchB-vsi-vpnb] quit

# Configure BGP to advertise BGP EVPN routes.

[SwitchB] bgp 200

[SwitchB-bgp-default] peer 4.4.4.4 as-number 200

[SwitchB-bgp-default] peer 4.4.4.4 connect-interface loopback 0

[SwitchB-bgp-default] address-family l2vpn evpn

[SwitchB-bgp-default-evpn] peer 4.4.4.4 enable

[SwitchB-bgp-default-evpn] quit

[SwitchB-bgp-default] quit

# On Twenty-FiveGigE 1/0/1, create Ethernet service instance 1000 to match VLAN 2.

[SwitchB] interface twenty-fivegige 1/0/1

[SwitchB-Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/1] service-instance 1000

[SwitchB-Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/1-srv1000] encapsulation s-vid 2

# Map Ethernet service instance 1000 to VSI vpna.

[SwitchB-Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/1-srv1000] xconnect vsi vpna

[SwitchB-Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/1-srv1000] quit

[SwitchB-Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/1] quit

# On Twenty-FiveGigE 1/0/2, create Ethernet service instance 2000 to match VLAN 3.

[SwitchB] interface twenty-fivegige 1/0/2

[SwitchB-Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/2] service-instance 2000

[SwitchB-Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/2-srv2000] encapsulation s-vid 3

# Map Ethernet service instance 2000 to VSI vpnb.

[SwitchB-Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/2-srv2000] xconnect vsi vpnb

[SwitchB-Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/2-srv2000] quit

[SwitchB-Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/2] quit

# Configure RD and route target settings for VPN instance vpna.

[SwitchB] ip vpn-instance vpna

[SwitchB-vpn-instance-vpna] route-distinguisher 1:1

[SwitchB-vpn-instance-vpna] address-family ipv4

[SwitchB-vpn-ipv4-vpna] vpn-target 2:2

[SwitchB-vpn-ipv4-vpna] quit

[SwitchB-vpn-instance-vpna] address-family evpn

[SwitchB-vpn-evpn-vpna] vpn-target 1:1

[SwitchB-vpn-evpn-vpna] quit

[SwitchB-vpn-instance-vpna] quit

# Configure VSI-interface 1.

[SwitchB] interface vsi-interface 1

[SwitchB-Vsi-interface1] ip binding vpn-instance vpna

[SwitchB-Vsi-interface1] ip address 20.1.1.1 255.255.255.0

[SwitchB-Vsi-interface1] mac-address 1-1-1

[SwitchB-Vsi-interface1] distributed-gateway local

[SwitchB-Vsi-interface1] local-proxy-arp enable

[SwitchB-Vsi-interface1] quit

# Configure VSI-interface 2.

[SwitchB] interface vsi-interface 2

[SwitchB-Vsi-interface2] ip binding vpn-instance vpna

[SwitchB-Vsi-interface2] ip address 20.1.2.1 255.255.255.0

[SwitchB-Vsi-interface2] mac-address 2-2-2

[SwitchB-Vsi-interface2] distributed-gateway local

[SwitchB-Vsi-interface2] local-proxy-arp enable

[SwitchB-Vsi-interface2] quit

# Associate VSI-interface 3 with VPN instance vpna, and configure the L3 VXLAN ID as 1000 for the VPN instance.

[SwitchB] interface vsi-interface 3

[SwitchB-Vsi-interface3] ip binding vpn-instance vpna

[SwitchB-Vsi-interface3] l3-vni 1000

[SwitchB-Vsi-interface3] quit

# Specify VSI-interface 1 as the gateway interface for VSI vpna.

[SwitchB] vsi vpna

[SwitchB-vsi-vpna] gateway vsi-interface 1

[SwitchB-vsi-vpna] quit

# Specify VSI-interface 2 as the gateway interface for VSI vpnb.

[SwitchB] vsi vpnb

[SwitchB-vsi-vpnb] gateway vsi-interface 2

[SwitchB-vsi-vpnb] quit

5.     Configure Switch C:

# Enable L2VPN.

<SwitchC> system-view

[SwitchC] l2vpn enable

# Disable remote MAC address learning and remote ARP learning.

[SwitchC] vxlan tunnel mac-learning disable

[SwitchC] vxlan tunnel arp-learning disable

# Configure BGP to advertise BGP EVPN routes.

[SwitchC] bgp 200

[SwitchC-bgp-default] peer 4.4.4.4 as-number 200

[SwitchC-bgp-default] peer 4.4.4.4 connect-interface loopback 0

[SwitchC-bgp-default] address-family l2vpn evpn

[SwitchC-bgp-default-evpn] peer 4.4.4.4 enable

[SwitchC-bgp-default-evpn] quit

[SwitchC-bgp-default] quit

# Configure RD and route target settings for VPN instance vpna.

[SwitchC] ip vpn-instance vpna

[SwitchC-vpn-instance-vpna] route-distinguisher 1:1

[SwitchC-vpn-instance-vpna] address-family ipv4

[SwitchC-vpn-ipv4-vpna] vpn-target 2:2

[SwitchC-vpn-ipv4-vpna] quit

[SwitchC-vpn-instance-vpna] address-family evpn

[SwitchC-vpn-evpn-vpna] vpn-target 1:1

[SwitchC-vpn-evpn-vpna] quit

[SwitchC-vpn-instance-vpna] quit

# Associate VSI-interface 3 with VPN instance vpna, and configure the L3 VXLAN ID as 1000 for the VPN instance.

[SwitchC] interface vsi-interface 3

[SwitchC-Vsi-interface3] ip binding vpn-instance vpna

[SwitchC-Vsi-interface3] l3-vni 1000

[SwitchC-Vsi-interface3] quit

# Configure a default route. The next hop is the IP address of a device in the Layer 3 network.

[SwitchC] ip route-static vpn-instance vpna 0.0.0.0 0 20.1.1.100

# Import the default route to the BGP IPv4 unicast routing table of VPN instance vpna.

[SwitchC] bgp 200

[SwitchC-bgp-default] ip vpn-instance vpna

[SwitchC-bgp-default-vpna] address-family ipv4 unicast

[SwitchC-bgp-default-ipv4-vpna] default-route imported

[SwitchC-bgp-default-ipv4-vpna] import-route static

[SwitchC-bgp-default-ipv4-vpna] quit

[SwitchC-bgp-default-vpna] quit

[SwitchC-bgp-default] quit

# Associate VLAN-interface 20 with VPN instance vpna. VLAN-interface 20 provides access to the Layer 3 network connected to Switch C.

[SwitchC] interface vlan-interface 20

[SwitchC-Vlan-interface20] ip binding vpn-instance vpna

[SwitchC-Vlan-interface20] ip address 20.1.1.3 24

[SwitchC-Vlan-interface20] quit

6.     Configure Switch D:

# Establish BGP connections with other transport network switches.

<SwitchD> system-view

[SwitchD] bgp 200

[SwitchD-bgp-default] group evpn

[SwitchD-bgp-default] peer 1.1.1.1 group evpn

[SwitchD-bgp-default] peer 2.2.2.2 group evpn

[SwitchD-bgp-default] peer 3.3.3.3 group evpn

[SwitchD-bgp-default] peer evpn as-number 200

[SwitchD-bgp-default] peer evpn connect-interface loopback 0

# Configure BGP to advertise BGP EVPN routes, and disable route target filtering for BGP EVPN routes.

[SwitchD-bgp-default] address-family l2vpn evpn

[SwitchD-bgp-default-evpn] peer evpn enable

[SwitchD-bgp-default-evpn] undo policy vpn-target

# Configure Switch D as an RR.

[SwitchD-bgp-default-evpn] peer evpn reflect-client

[SwitchD-bgp-default-evpn] quit

[SwitchD-bgp-default] quit

Verifying the configuration

1.     Verify the distributed EVPN gateway settings on Switch A:

# Verify that Switch A has advertised the IP prefix advertisement routes for the gateways and the MAC/IP advertisement routes and IMET routes for each VSI. Verify that Switch A has received the IP prefix advertisement routes for the gateways and the MAC/IP advertisement routes and IMET routes for each VSI from Switch B. (Details not shown.)

# Verify that the VXLAN tunnel interfaces are up on Switch A. (This example uses Tunnel 0.)

[SwitchA] display interface tunnel 0

Tunnel0

Current state: UP

Line protocol state: UP

Description: Tunnel0 Interface

Bandwidth: 64 kbps

Maximum transmission unit: 1464

Internet protocol processing: Disabled

Last clearing of counters: Never

Tunnel source 1.1.1.1, destination 2.2.2.2

Tunnel protocol/transport UDP_VXLAN/IP

Last 300 seconds input rate: 0 bytes/sec, 0 bits/sec, 0 packets/sec

Last 300 seconds output rate: 0 bytes/sec, 0 bits/sec, 0 packets/sec

Input: 0 packets, 0 bytes, 0 drops

Output: 0 packets, 0 bytes, 0 drops

# Verify that the VSI interfaces are up on Switch A. (This example uses VSI-interface 1.)

[SwitchA] display interface vsi-interface 1

Vsi-interface1

Current state: UP

Line protocol state: UP

Description: Vsi-interface1 Interface

Bandwidth: 1000000 kbps

Maximum transmission unit: 1500

Internet address: 10.1.1.1/24 (primary)

IP packet frame type: Ethernet II, hardware address: 0003-0003-0003

IPv6 packet frame type: Ethernet II, hardware address: 0003-0003-0003

Physical: Unknown, baudrate: 1000000 kbps

Last clearing of counters: Never

Last 300 seconds input rate: 0 bytes/sec, 0 bits/sec, 0 packets/sec

Last 300 seconds output rate: 0 bytes/sec, 0 bits/sec, 0 packets/sec

Input: 0 packets, 0 bytes, 0 drops

Output: 0 packets, 0 bytes, 0 drops

# Verify that the VXLAN tunnels have been assigned to the VXLANs, and that the VSI interfaces are the gateway interfaces of their respective VXLANs.

[SwitchA] display l2vpn vsi verbose

VSI Name: Auto_L3VNI1000_3

  VSI Index               : 1

  VSI State               : Down

  MTU                     : 1500

  Bandwidth               : Unlimited

  Broadcast Restrain      : Unlimited

  Multicast Restrain      : Unlimited

  Unknown Unicast Restrain: Unlimited

  MAC Learning            : Enabled

  MAC Table Limit         : -

  MAC Learning rate       : -

  Drop Unknown            : -

  Flooding                : Enabled

  Statistics              : Disabled

  Gateway Interface       : VSI-interface 3

  VXLAN ID                : 1000

  Tunnel Statistics       : Disabled

 

VSI Name: vpna

  VSI Index               : 0

  VSI State               : Up

  MTU                     : 1500

  Bandwidth               : Unlimited

  Broadcast Restrain      : Unlimited

  Multicast Restrain      : Unlimited

  Unknown Unicast Restrain: Unlimited

  MAC Learning            : Enabled

  MAC Table Limit         : -

  MAC Learning rate       : -

  Drop Unknown            : -

  Flooding                : Enabled

  Statistics              : Disabled

  Gateway Interface       : VSI-interface 1

  VXLAN ID                : 10

  Tunnels:

    Tunnel Name          Link ID    State  Type      Flood proxy

    Tunnel0              0x5000000  UP     Auto      Disabled

  ACs:

    AC                               Link ID    State    Type

    WGE1/0/1 srv1000                 0x0        Up       Manual

 

VSI Name: vpnb

  VSI Index               : 2

  VSI State               : Up

  MTU                     : 1500

  Bandwidth               : Unlimited

  Broadcast Restrain      : Unlimited

  Multicast Restrain      : Unlimited

  Unknown Unicast Restrain: Unlimited

  MAC Learning            : Enabled

  MAC Table Limit         : -

  MAC Learning rate       : -

  Drop Unknown            : -

  Flooding                : Enabled

  Statistics              : Disabled

  Gateway Interface       : VSI-interface 2

  VXLAN ID                : 20

  Tunnels:

    Tunnel Name          Link ID    State  Type      Flood proxy

    Tunnel0              0x5000000  UP     Auto      Disabled

  ACs:

    AC                               Link ID    State    Type

    WGE1/0/1 srv2000                 0x0        Up       Manual

# Verify that Switch A has created ARP entries for the VMs.

[SwitchA] display arp

  Type: S-Static   D-Dynamic   O-Openflow   R-Rule   M-Multiport  I-Invalid

IP address      MAC address    VLAN/VSI name Interface                Aging Type

10.1.1.10       0000-1234-0001 vpna          WGE1/0/1                 20    D

10.1.2.10       0000-1234-0002 vpnb          WGE1/0/1                 19    D

20.1.1.20       0000-1234-0001 vpna          Tunnel0                  20    D

20.1.2.20       0000-1234-0002 vpnb          Tunnel0                  19    D

2.2.2.2         a0ce-5e24-0100 Auto_L3VNI100 Tunnel0                  --    R

                               _3

# Verify that Switch A has created EVPN ARP entries for the VMs.

[SwitchA] display evpn route arp

Flags: D - Dynamic   B - BGP      L - Local active

       G - Gateway   S - Static   M - Mapping        I - Invalid

       E - Multihoming ES sync    F - Leaf

 

VPN instance: vpna                            Interface: Vsi-interface1

IP address      MAC address     Router MAC      VSI index   Flags

10.1.1.1        0001-0001-0001  522b-3413-0200  0           GL

10.1.1.10       521f-b814-0106  522b-3413-0200  0           DL

20.1.1.20       522b-3c6a-0406  522b-38cd-0300  0           B

2.     Verify that VM 1, VM 2, VM 3, and VM 4 can communicate with one another. (Details not shown.)

Example: Configuring communication between EVPN networks and the public network

Network configuration

As shown in Figure 21:

·     Configure VXLAN 10, VXLAN 20, and VXLAN 30 on Switch A, Switch B, and Switch C to meet the following requirements:

¡     VXLAN 10 and VXLAN 20 are on the private network, and VXLAN 30 is on the public network.

¡     VXLAN 10 can communicate with VXLAN 20 and VXLAN 30, and VXLAN 20 is isolated from VXLAN 30.

·     Configure Switch A, Switch B, and Switch C as distributed EVPN gateways to provide gateway services for the VXLANs.

·     Configure Switch D as an RR to reflect BGP EVPN routes between Switch A, Switch B, and Switch C.

 

 

NOTE:

This example provides configuration of IPv4 sites over an IPv4 underlay network. The configuration procedure does not differ for IPv4 sites over an IPv6 underlay network or IPv6 sites over an IPv6 underlay network.

 

Figure 21 Network diagram

Procedure

1.     Set the VXLAN hardware resource mode on Switch A, Switch B, and Switch C, and reboot the switches. This step uses Switch A as an example.

<SwitchA> system-view

[SwitchA] hardware-resource vxlan l3gw

Do you want to change the specified hardware resource working mode? [Y/N]:y

The hardware resource working mode is changed, please save the configuration and

 reboot the system to make it effective.

[SwitchA] quit

<SwitchA> reboot

Start to check configuration with next startup configuration file, please wait..

.......DONE!

Current configuration may be lost after the reboot, save current configuration?

[Y/N]:y

This command will reboot the device. Continue? [Y/N]:y

2.     On VM 1, VM 2, and VM 3, specify 10.1.1.1, 10.1.2.1, and 10.1.3.1 as the gateway address, respectively. (Details not shown.)

3.     Configure IP addresses and unicast routing settings:

# Assign IP addresses to interfaces, as shown in Figure 21. (Details not shown.)

# Configure OSPF on all transport network switches (Switches A through D) for them to reach one another. (Details not shown.)

4.     Configure Switch A:

# Enable L2VPN.

<SwitchA> system-view

[SwitchA] l2vpn enable

# Disable remote MAC address learning and remote ARP learning.

[SwitchA] vxlan tunnel mac-learning disable

[SwitchA] vxlan tunnel arp-learning disable

# Create an EVPN instance on VSI vpna, and configure the switch to automatically generate an RD and a route target for the EVPN instance.

[SwitchA] vsi vpna

[SwitchA-vsi-vpna] evpn encapsulation vxlan

[SwitchA-vsi-vpna-evpn-vxlan] route-distinguisher auto

[SwitchA-vsi-vpna-evpn-vxlan] vpn-target auto

[SwitchA-vsi-vpna-evpn-vxlan] quit

# Create VXLAN 10.

[SwitchA-vsi-vpna] vxlan 10

[SwitchA-vsi-vpna-vxlan-10] quit

[SwitchA-vsi-vpna] quit

# Configure BGP to advertise BGP EVPN routes.

[SwitchA] bgp 200

[SwitchA-bgp-default] peer 4.4.4.4 as-number 200

[SwitchA-bgp-default] peer 4.4.4.4 connect-interface loopback 0

[SwitchA-bgp-default] address-family l2vpn evpn

[SwitchA-bgp-default-evpn] peer 4.4.4.4 enable

[SwitchA-bgp-default-evpn] quit

[SwitchA-bgp-default] quit

# On Twenty-FiveGigE 1/0/1, create Ethernet service instance 1000 to match VLAN 1.

[SwitchA] interface twenty-fivegige 1/0/1

[SwitchA-Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/1] port link-type trunk

[SwitchA-Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/1] port trunk permit vlan 1

[SwitchA-Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/1] service-instance 1000

[SwitchA-Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/1-srv1000] encapsulation s-vid 1

# Map Ethernet service instance 1000 to VSI vpna.

[SwitchA-Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/1-srv1000] xconnect vsi vpna

[SwitchA-Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/1-srv1000] quit

# Configure RD and route target settings for VPN instance vpna.

[SwitchA] ip vpn-instance vpna

[SwitchA-vpn-instance-vpna] route-distinguisher 1:1

[SwitchA-vpn-instance-vpna] address-family ipv4

[SwitchA-vpn-ipv4-vpna] vpn-target 1:1

[SwitchA-vpn-ipv4-vpna] vpn-target 2:2 import-extcommunity

[SwitchA-vpn-ipv4-vpna] vpn-target 3:3 import-extcommunity

[SwitchA-vpn-ipv4-vpna] quit

[SwitchA-vpn-instance-vpna] address-family evpn

[SwitchA-vpn-evpn-vpna] vpn-target 1:1

[SwitchA-vpn-evpn-vpna] vpn-target 2:2 import-extcommunity

[SwitchA-vpn-evpn-vpna] vpn-target 3:3 import-extcommunity

[SwitchA-vpn-evpn-vpna] quit

[SwitchA-vpn-instance-vpna] quit

# Configure VSI-interface 1.

[SwitchA] interface vsi-interface 1

[SwitchA-Vsi-interface1] ip binding vpn-instance vpna

[SwitchA-Vsi-interface1] ip address 10.1.1.1 255.255.255.0

[SwitchA-Vsi-interface1] distributed-gateway local

[SwitchA-Vsi-interface1] local-proxy-arp enable

[SwitchA-Vsi-interface1] quit

# Associate VSI-interface 2 with VPN instance vpna, and configure the L3 VXLAN ID as 1000 for the VPN instance.

[SwitchA] interface vsi-interface 2

[SwitchA-Vsi-interface2] ip binding vpn-instance vpna

[SwitchA-Vsi-interface2] l3-vni 1000

[SwitchA-Vsi-interface2] quit

# Create VSI-interface 3 and configure its L3 VXLAN ID as 2000 for matching routes from Switch B.

[SwitchA] interface vsi-interface 3

[SwitchA-Vsi-interface3] l3-vni 2000

[SwitchA-Vsi-interface3] quit

# Create VSI-interface 4 and configure its L3 VXLAN ID as 3000 for matching routes from Switch C.

[SwitchA] interface vsi-interface 4

[SwitchA-Vsi-interface4] l3-vni 3000

[SwitchA-Vsi-interface4] quit

# Specify VSI-interface 1 as the gateway interface for VSI vpna.

[SwitchA] vsi vpna

[SwitchA-vsi-vpna] gateway vsi-interface 1

[SwitchA-vsi-vpna] quit

5.     Configure Switch B:

# Enable L2VPN.

<SwitchB> system-view

[SwitchB] l2vpn enable

# Disable remote MAC address learning and remote ARP learning.

[SwitchB] vxlan tunnel mac-learning disable

[SwitchB] vxlan tunnel arp-learning disable

# Create an EVPN instance on VSI vpnb, and configure the switch to automatically generate an RD and a route target for the EVPN instance.

[SwitchB] vsi vpnb

[SwitchB-vsi-vpnb] evpn encapsulation vxlan

[SwitchB-vsi-vpnb-evpn-vxlan] route-distinguisher auto

[SwitchB-vsi-vpnb-evpn-vxlan] vpn-target auto

[SwitchB-vsi-vpnb-evpn-vxlan] quit

# Create VXLAN 20.

[SwitchB-vsi-vpnb] vxlan 20

[SwitchB-vsi-vpnb-vxlan-20] quit

[SwitchB-vsi-vpnb] quit

# Configure BGP to advertise BGP EVPN routes.

[SwitchB] bgp 200

[SwitchB-bgp-default] peer 4.4.4.4 as-number 200

[SwitchB-bgp-default] peer 4.4.4.4 connect-interface loopback 0

[SwitchB-bgp-default] address-family l2vpn evpn

[SwitchB-bgp-default-evpn] peer 4.4.4.4 enable

[SwitchB-bgp-default-evpn] quit

[SwitchB-bgp-default] quit

# On Twenty-FiveGigE 1/0/1, create Ethernet service instance 1000 to match VLAN 2.

[SwitchB] interface twenty-fivegige 1/0/1

[SwitchB-Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/1] port link-type trunk

[SwitchB-Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/1] port trunk permit vlan 2

[SwitchB-Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/1] service-instance 1000

[SwitchB-Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/1-srv1000] encapsulation s-vid 2

# Map Ethernet service instance 1000 to VSI vpnb.

[SwitchB-Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/1-srv1000] xconnect vsi vpnb

[SwitchB-Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/1-srv1000] quit

[SwitchB-Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/1] quit

# Configure RD and route target settings for VPN instance vpnb.

[SwitchB] ip vpn-instance vpnb

[SwitchB-vpn-instance-vpnb] route-distinguisher 2:2

[SwitchB-vpn-instance-vpnb] address-family ipv4

[SwitchB-vpn-ipv4-vpnb] vpn-target 2:2

[SwitchB-vpn-ipv4-vpnb] vpn-target 1:1 import-extcommunity

[SwitchB-vpn-ipv4-vpnb] quit

[SwitchB-vpn-instance-vpnb] address-family evpn

[SwitchB-vpn-evpn-vpnb] vpn-target 2:2

[SwitchB-vpn-evpn-vpnb] vpn-target 1:1 import-extcommunity

[SwitchB-vpn-evpn-vpnb] quit

[SwitchB-vpn-instance-vpnb] quit

# Configure VSI-interface 1.

[SwitchB] interface vsi-interface 1

[SwitchB-Vsi-interface1] ip binding vpn-instance vpnb

[SwitchB-Vsi-interface1] ip address 10.1.2.1 255.255.255.0

[SwitchB-Vsi-interface1] distributed-gateway local

[SwitchB-Vsi-interface1] local-proxy-arp enable

[SwitchB-Vsi-interface1] quit

# Create VSI-interface 2, and configure its L3 VXLAN ID as 1000 for matching routes from Switch A.

[SwitchB] interface vsi-interface 2

[SwitchB-Vsi-interface2] l3-vni 1000

[SwitchB-Vsi-interface2] qui

# Associate VSI-interface 3 with VPN instance vpnb, and configure the L3 VXLAN ID as 2000 for the VPN instance.

[SwitchB] interface vsi-interface 3

[SwitchB-Vsi-interface3] ip binding vpn-instance vpnb

[SwitchB-Vsi-interface3] l3-vni 2000

[SwitchB-Vsi-interface3] quit

# Create VSI-interface 4, and configure its L3 VXLAN ID as 3000 for matching routes from Switch C.

[SwitchB] interface vsi-interface 4

[SwitchB-Vsi-interface4] l3-vni 3000

[SwitchB-Vsi-interface4] quit

# Specify VSI-interface 1 as the gateway interface for VSI vpnb.

[SwitchB] vsi vpnb

[SwitchB-vsi-vpnb] gateway vsi-interface 1

[SwitchB-vsi-vpnb] quit

6.     Configure Switch C:

# Enable L2VPN.

<SwitchC> system-view

[SwitchC] l2vpn enable

# Disable remote MAC address learning and remote ARP learning.

[SwitchC] vxlan tunnel mac-learning disable

[SwitchC] vxlan tunnel arp-learning disable

# Create an EVPN instance on VSI vpnc, and configure the switch to automatically generate an RD and a route target for the EVPN instance.

[SwitchC] vsi vpnc

[SwitchC-vsi-vpnc] evpn encapsulation vxlan

[SwitchC-vsi-vpnc-evpn-vxlan] route-distinguisher auto

[SwitchC-vsi-vpnc-evpn-vxlan] vpn-target auto

[SwitchC-vsi-vpnc-evpn-vxlan] quit

# Create VXLAN 30.

[SwitchC-vsi-vpnc] vxlan 30

[SwitchC-vsi-vpnc-vxlan-30] quit

[SwitchC-vsi-vpnc] quit

# Configure BGP to advertise BGP EVPN routes.

[SwitchC] bgp 200

[SwitchC-bgp-default] peer 4.4.4.4 as-number 200

[SwitchC-bgp-default] peer 4.4.4.4 connect-interface loopback 0

[SwitchC-bgp-default] address-family ipv4 unicast

[SwitchC-bgp-default-ipv4] quit

[SwitchC-bgp-default] address-family l2vpn evpn

[SwitchC-bgp-default-evpn] peer 4.4.4.4 enable

[SwitchC-bgp-default-evpn] quit

[SwitchC-bgp-default] quit

# Configure RD, route target, and L3 VXLAN ID settings for the public instance.

[SwitchC] ip public-instance

[SwitchC-public-instance] route-distinguisher 3:3

[SwitchC-public-instance] l3-vni 3000

[SwitchC-public-instance] address-family ipv4

[SwitchC-public-instance-ipv4] vpn-target 3:3

[SwitchC-public-instance-ipv4] vpn-target 1:1 import-extcommunity

[SwitchC-public-instance-ipv4] quit

[SwitchC-public-instance] address-family evpn

[SwitchC-public-instance-evpn]vpn-target 3:3

[SwitchC-public-instance-evpn] vpn-target 1:1 import-extcommunity

[SwitchC-public-instance-evpn] quit

[SwitchC-public-instance] quit

# On Twenty-FiveGigE 1/0/1, create Ethernet service instance 1000 to match VLAN 3.

[SwitchC] interface twenty-fivegige 1/0/1

[SwitchC-Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/1] port link-type trunk

[SwitchC-Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/1] port trunk permit vlan 3

[SwitchC-Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/1] service-instance 1000

[SwitchC-Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/1-srv1000] encapsulation s-vid 3

# Map Ethernet service instance 1000 to VSI vpnc.

[SwitchC-Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/1-srv1000] xconnect vsi vpnc

[SwitchC-Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/1-srv1000] quit

[SwitchC-Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/1] quit

# Configure VSI-interface 1.

[SwitchC] interface vsi-interface 1

[SwitchC-Vsi-interface1] ip address 10.1.3.1 255.255.255.0

[SwitchC-Vsi-interface1] distributed-gateway local

[SwitchC-Vsi-interface1] local-proxy-arp enable

[SwitchC-Vsi-interface1] quit

# Create VSI-interface 2, and configure its L3 VXLAN ID as 1000 for matching routes from Switch A.

[SwitchC] interface vsi-interface 2

[SwitchC-Vsi-interface2] l3-vni 1000

[SwitchC-Vsi-interface2] quit

# Create VSI-interface 3, and configure its L3 VXLAN ID as 2000 for matching routes from Switch B.

[SwitchC] interface vsi-interface 3

[SwitchC-Vsi-interface3] l3-vni 2000

[SwitchC-Vsi-interface3] quit

# Create VSI-interface 4 for the public instance, and configure the L3 VXLAN ID as 3000 for the VSI interface.

[SwitchC] interface vsi-interface 4

[SwitchC-Vsi-interface4] l3-vni 3000

[SwitchC-Vsi-interface4] quit

# Specify VSI-interface 1 as the gateway interface for VSI vpnc.

[SwitchC] vsi vpnc

[SwitchC-vsi-vpnc] gateway vsi-interface 1

[SwitchC-vsi-vpnc] quit

7.     Configure Switch D:

# Establish BGP connections with other transport network switches.

<SwitchD> system-view

[SwitchD] bgp 200

[SwitchD-bgp-default] group evpn

[SwitchD-bgp-default] peer 1.1.1.1 group evpn

[SwitchD-bgp-default] peer 2.2.2.2 group evpn

[SwitchD-bgp-default] peer 3.3.3.3 group evpn

[SwitchD-bgp-default] peer evpn as-number 200

[SwitchD-bgp-default] peer evpn connect-interface loopback 0

# Configure BGP to advertise BGP EVPN routes, and disable route target filtering for BGP EVPN routes.

[SwitchD-bgp-default] address-family l2vpn evpn

[SwitchD-bgp-default-evpn] peer evpn enable

[SwitchD-bgp-default-evpn] undo policy vpn-target

# Configure Switch D as an RR.

[SwitchD-bgp-default-evpn] peer evpn reflect-client

[SwitchD-bgp-default-evpn] quit

[SwitchD-bgp-default] quit

Verifying the configuration

1.     Verify the distributed EVPN gateway settings on Switch A:

# Verify that Switch A has advertised the IP prefix advertisement routes for the gateways and the MAC/IP advertisement routes and IMET routes for each VSI. Verify that Switch A has received the IP prefix advertisement routes for the gateways and the MAC/IP advertisement routes and IMET routes for each VSI from Switch B and Switch C.

[SwitchA] display bgp l2vpn evpn

 BGP local router ID is 1.1.1.1

 Status codes: * - valid, > - best, d - dampened, h - history,

               s - suppressed, S - stale, i - internal, e - external

               a - additional-path

               Origin: i - IGP, e - EGP, ? - incomplete

 

 Total number of routes from all PEs: 9

 

 Route distinguisher: 1:1(vpna)

 Total number of routes: 3

 

* >i Network : [2][0][48][582e-d6b2-0906][32][10.1.2.10]/136

     NextHop : 2.2.2.2                                  LocPrf    : 100

     PrefVal : 0                                        OutLabel  : NULL

     MED     : 0

     Path/Ogn: i

 

* >i Network : [2][0][48][9a50-488c-1106][32][10.1.3.10]/136

     NextHop : 3.3.3.3                                  LocPrf    : 100

     PrefVal : 0                                        OutLabel  : NULL

     MED     : 0

     Path/Ogn: i

 

* >  Network : [5][0][24][10.1.1.0]/80

     NextHop : 0.0.0.0                                  LocPrf    : 100

     PrefVal : 32768                                    OutLabel  : NULL

     MED     : 0

     Path/Ogn: i

 

 Route distinguisher: 1:10

 Total number of routes: 2

 

* >  Network : [2][0][48][582e-aaec-0806][32][10.1.1.10]/136

     NextHop : 0.0.0.0                                  LocPrf    : 100

     PrefVal : 32768                                    OutLabel  : NULL

     MED     : 0

     Path/Ogn: i

 

* >  Network : [3][0][32][1.1.1.1]/80

     NextHop : 0.0.0.0                                  LocPrf    : 100

     PrefVal : 32768                                    OutLabel  : NULL

     MED     : 0

     Path/Ogn: i

 

 Route distinguisher: 1:20

 Total number of routes: 1

 

* >i Network : [2][0][48][582e-d6b2-0906][32][10.1.2.10]/136

     NextHop : 2.2.2.2                                  LocPrf    : 100

     PrefVal : 0                                        OutLabel  : NULL

     MED     : 0

     Path/Ogn: i

 

 Route distinguisher: 1:30

 Total number of routes: 1

 

* >i Network : [2][0][48][9a50-488c-1106][32][10.1.3.10]/136

     NextHop : 3.3.3.3                                  LocPrf    : 100

     PrefVal : 0                                        OutLabel  : NULL

     MED     : 0

     Path/Ogn: i

 

 Route distinguisher: 2:2

 Total number of routes: 1

 

* >i Network : [5][0][24][10.1.2.0]/80

     NextHop : 2.2.2.2                                  LocPrf    : 100

     PrefVal : 0                                        OutLabel  : NULL

     MED     : 0

     Path/Ogn: i

 

 Route distinguisher: 3:3

 Total number of routes: 1

 

* >i Network : [5][0][24][10.1.3.0]/80

     NextHop : 3.3.3.3                                  LocPrf    : 100

     PrefVal : 0                                        OutLabel  : NULL

     MED     : 0

     Path/Ogn: i

# Verify that the VXLAN tunnel interfaces are up on Switch A.

[SwitchA] display interface tunnel

Tunnel0

Current state: UP

Line protocol state: UP

Description: Tunnel0 Interface

Bandwidth: 64 kbps

Maximum transmission unit: 1464

Internet protocol processing: Disabled

Last clearing of counters: Never

Tunnel source 1.1.1.1, destination 2.2.2.2

Tunnel protocol/transport UDP_VXLAN/IP

Last 300 seconds input rate: 0 bytes/sec, 0 bits/sec, 0 packets/sec

Last 300 seconds output rate: 0 bytes/sec, 0 bits/sec, 0 packets/sec

Input: 15 packets, 1470 bytes, 0 drops

Output: 15 packets, 1470 bytes, 0 drops

 

Tunnel1

Current state: UP

Line protocol state: UP

Description: Tunnel1 Interface

Bandwidth: 64 kbps

Maximum transmission unit: 1464

Internet protocol processing: Disabled

Last clearing of counters: Never

Tunnel source 1.1.1.1, destination 3.3.3.3

Tunnel protocol/transport UDP_VXLAN/IP

Last 300 seconds input rate: 0 bytes/sec, 0 bits/sec, 0 packets/sec

Last 300 seconds output rate: 0 bytes/sec, 0 bits/sec, 0 packets/sec

Input: 22 packets, 2156 bytes, 0 drops

Output: 23 packets, 2254 bytes, 0 drops

# Verify that the VSI interfaces are up on Switch A.

[SwitchA] display interface vsi-interface brief

Brief information on interfaces in route mode:

Link: ADM - administratively down; Stby - standby

Protocol: (s) - spoofing

Interface            Link Protocol Primary IP          Description

Vsi1                 UP   UP       10.1.1.1

Vsi2                 UP   UP       --

Vsi3                 UP   UP       --

Vsi4                 UP   UP       --

# Verify that the VXLAN tunnels have been assigned to the VXLANs, and that the VSI interfaces are the gateway interfaces of their respective VXLANs.

[SwitchA] display l2vpn vsi verbose

VSI Name: Auto_L3VNI1000_2

  VSI Index               : 1

  VSI State               : Down

  MTU                     : 1500

  Bandwidth               : Unlimited

  Broadcast Restrain      : Unlimited

  Multicast Restrain      : Unlimited

  Unknown Unicast Restrain: Unlimited

  MAC Learning            : Enabled

  MAC Table Limit         : -

  MAC Learning rate       : -

  Drop Unknown            : -

  Flooding                : Enabled

  Statistics              : Disabled

  Gateway Interface       : VSI-interface 2

  VXLAN ID                : 1000

 

VSI Name: Auto_L3VNI2000_3

  VSI Index               : 2

  VSI State               : Down

  MTU                     : 1500

  Bandwidth               : Unlimited

  Broadcast Restrain      : Unlimited

  Multicast Restrain      : Unlimited

  Unknown Unicast Restrain: Unlimited

  MAC Learning            : Enabled

  MAC Table Limit         : -

  MAC Learning rate       : -

  Drop Unknown            : -

  Flooding                : Enabled

  Statistics              : Disabled

  Gateway Interface       : VSI-interface 3

  VXLAN ID                : 2000

 

VSI Name: Auto_L3VNI3000_4

  VSI Index               : 3

  VSI State               : Down

  MTU                     : 1500

  Bandwidth               : Unlimited

  Broadcast Restrain      : Unlimited

  Multicast Restrain      : Unlimited

  Unknown Unicast Restrain: Unlimited

  MAC Learning            : Enabled

  MAC Table Limit         : -

  MAC Learning rate       : -

  Drop Unknown            : -

  Flooding                : Enabled

  Statistics              : Disabled

  Gateway Interface       : VSI-interface 4

  VXLAN ID                : 3000

 

VSI Name: vpna

  VSI Index               : 0

  VSI State               : Up

  MTU                     : 1500

  Bandwidth               : Unlimited

  Broadcast Restrain      : Unlimited

  Multicast Restrain      : Unlimited

  Unknown Unicast Restrain: Unlimited

  MAC Learning            : Enabled

  MAC Table Limit         : -

  MAC Learning rate       : -

  Drop Unknown            : -

  Flooding                : Enabled

  Statistics              : Disabled

  Gateway Interface       : VSI-interface 1

  VXLAN ID                : 10

  ACs:

    AC                               Link ID  State       Type

    WGE1/0/1 srv1000                 0        Up          Manual

# Verify that Switch A has created ARP entries for the VMs. (Details not shown.)

2.     Verify that VM 1 can communicate with VM 2 and VM 3, and VM 2 cannot communicate with VM 3. (Details not shown.)

Example: Configuring IPv4 EVPN distributed relay using an Ethernet aggregate link as the IPL

Network configuration

As shown in Figure 22, perform the following tasks to make sure the VMs can communicate with one another:

·     Configure VXLAN 10 on Switch A and Switch B, and configure VXLAN 20 on Switch D.

·     Configure EVPN distributed relay on Switch A and Switch B to virtualize them into one VTEP. The switches use an Ethernet aggregate link as the IPL.

·     Configure Switch C as a centralized EVPN gateway and RR.

 

 

NOTE:

This example provides configuration of IPv4 sites over an IPv4 underlay network. The configuration procedure does not differ for IPv6 sites over an IPv4 underlay network or IPv6 sites over an IPv6 underlay network.

 

Figure 22 Network diagram

Procedure

1.     Set the VXLAN hardware resource mode on Switch C and reboot it.

<SwitchC> system-view

[SwitchC] hardware-resource vxlan l3gw

Do you want to change the specified hardware resource working mode? [Y/N]:y

The hardware resource working mode is changed, please save the configuration and

reboot the system to make it effective.

[SwitchC] quit

<SwitchC> reboot

Start to check configuration with next startup configuration file, please wait..

.......DONE!

Current configuration may be lost after the reboot, save current configuration?

[Y/N]:y

This command will reboot the device. Continue? [Y/N]:y

2.     On VM 1 and VM 2, specify 10.1.1.1 as the gateway address. On VM 3, specify 10.1.2.1 as the gateway address. (Details not shown.)

3.     Configure IP addresses and unicast routing settings:

# Assign IP addresses to interfaces (including loopback interfaces), as shown in Figure 22. (Details not shown.)

# Configure OSPF on all transport network switches (Switches A through D) for them to reach one another. (Details not shown.)

4.     Configure Switch A:

# Enable L2VPN.

<SwitchA> system-view

[SwitchA] l2vpn enable

# Disable remote MAC address learning and remote ARP learning.

[SwitchA] vxlan tunnel mac-learning disable

[SwitchA] vxlan tunnel arp-learning disable

# Choose one of the following frame match criterion creation methods for dynamic ACs:

¡     Enable the device to create frame match criteria based on VXLAN IDs for the dynamic ACs on the IPL.

[SwitchA] l2vpn drni peer-link ac-match-rule vxlan-mapping

¡     Use the default setting for dynamic ACs on the IPL to use frame match criteria identical to those of site-facing ACs.

# Enable EVPN distributed relay, and specify the virtual VTEP address as 1.2.3.4.

[SwitchA] evpn drni group 1.2.3.4

# Configure DR system parameters.

[SwitchA] drni system-mac 0001-0001-0001

[SwitchA] drni system-number 1

[SwitchA] drni system-priority 10

[SwitchA] drni keepalive ip destination 60.1.1.2 source 60.1.1.1

[SwitchA] drni restore-delay 180

# Create Layer 2 dynamic aggregate interface Bridge-Aggregation 3.

[SwitchA] interface bridge-aggregation 3

[SwitchA-Bridge-Aggregation3] link-aggregation mode dynamic

[SwitchA-Bridge-Aggregation3] quit

# Assign Twenty-FiveGigE 1/0/3 to link aggregation group 3.

[SwitchA] interface twenty-fivegige 1/0/3

[SwitchA-Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/3] port link-aggregation group 3

[SwitchA-Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/3] quit

# Specify Bridge-Aggregation 3 as the IPP. Disable static source check on Bridge-Aggregation 3.

[SwitchA] interface bridge-aggregation 3

[SwitchA-Bridge-Aggregation3] port drni intra-portal-port 1

[SwitchA-Bridge-Aggregation3] undo mac-address static source-check enable

[SwitchA-Bridge-Aggregation3] quit

# Configure OSPF for Switch A to reach Switch B at Layer 3.

[SwitchA] vlan 100

[SwitchA-vlan100] quit

[SwitchA] interface Vlan-interface 100

[SwitchA-Vlan-interface100] ip address 100.1.1.1 255.255.255.0

[SwitchA-Vlan-interface100] ospf 1 area 0.0.0.0

[SwitchA-Vlan-interface100] quit

# Disable static source check and spanning tree on Twenty-FiveGigE 1/0/5.

[SwitchA] interface twenty-fivegige 1/0/5

[SwitchA-Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/5] undo mac-address static source-check enable

[SwitchA-Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/5] undo stp enable

[SwitchA-Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/5] quit

# Create Layer 2 dynamic aggregate interface Bridge-Aggregation 4.

[SwitchA] interface bridge-aggregation 4

[SwitchA-Bridge-Aggregation4] link-aggregation mode dynamic

[SwitchA-Bridge-Aggregation4] quit

# Assign Twenty-FiveGigE 1/0/1 to link aggregation group 4.

[SwitchA] interface twenty-fivegige 1/0/1

[SwitchA-Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/1] port link-aggregation group 4

[SwitchA-Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/1] quit

# Assign Bridge-Aggregation 4 to DR group 4.

[SwitchA] interface bridge-aggregation 4

[SwitchA-Bridge-Aggregation4] port drni group 4

[SwitchA-Bridge-Aggregation4] quit

# Create Layer 2 dynamic aggregate interface Bridge-Aggregation 5.

[SwitchA] interface bridge-aggregation 5

[SwitchA-Bridge-Aggregation5] link-aggregation mode dynamic

[SwitchA-Bridge-Aggregation5] quit

# Assign Twenty-FiveGigE 1/0/2 to link aggregation group 5.

[SwitchA] interface twenty-fivegige 1/0/2

[SwitchA-Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/2] port link-aggregation group 5

[SwitchA-Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/2] quit

# Assign Bridge-Aggregation 5 to DR group 5.

[SwitchA] interface bridge-aggregation 5

[SwitchA-Bridge-Aggregation5] port drni group 5

[SwitchA-Bridge-Aggregation5] quit

# Create an EVPN instance on VSI vpna, and configure the switch to automatically generate an RD and a route target for the EVPN instance.

[SwitchA] vsi vpna

[SwitchA-vsi-vpna] arp suppression enable

[SwitchA-vsi-vpna] evpn encapsulation vxlan

[SwitchA-vsi-vpna-evpn-vxlan] route-distinguisher auto

[SwitchA-vsi-vpna-evpn-vxlan] vpn-target auto

[SwitchA-vsi-vpna-evpn-vxlan] quit

# Create VXLAN 10.

[SwitchA-vsi-vpna] vxlan 10

[SwitchA-vsi-vpna-vxlan-10] quit

[SwitchA-vsi-vpna] quit

# Configure BGP to advertise BGP EVPN routes.

[SwitchA] bgp 200

[SwitchA-bgp-default] peer 3.3.3.3 as-number 200

[SwitchA-bgp-default] peer 3.3.3.3 connect-interface loopback 0

[SwitchA-bgp-default] address-family l2vpn evpn

[SwitchA-bgp-default-evpn] peer 3.3.3.3 enable

[SwitchA-bgp-default-evpn] quit

[SwitchA-bgp-default] quit

# On Bridge-Aggregation 4, create Ethernet service instance 1000 to match VLAN 2.

[SwitchA] interface bridge-aggregation 4

[SwitchA-Bridge-Aggregation4] port link-type trunk

[SwitchA-Bridge-Aggregation4] port trunk permit vlan 2

[SwitchA-Bridge-Aggregation4] service-instance 1000

[SwitchA-Bridge-Aggregation4-srv1000] encapsulation s-vid 2

# Map Ethernet service instance 1000 to VSI vpna.

[SwitchA-Bridge-Aggregation4-srv1000] xconnect vsi vpna

[SwitchA-Bridge-Aggregation4-srv1000] quit

# On Bridge-Aggregation 5, create Ethernet service instance 1000 to match VLAN 3.

[SwitchA] interface bridge-aggregation 5

[SwitchA-Bridge-Aggregation5] port link-type trunk

[SwitchA-Bridge-Aggregation5] port trunk permit vlan 3

[SwitchA-Bridge-Aggregation5] service-instance 1000

[SwitchA-Bridge-Aggregation5-srv1000] encapsulation s-vid 3

# Map Ethernet service instance 1000 to VSI vpna.

[SwitchA-Bridge-Aggregation5-srv1000] xconnect vsi vpna

[SwitchA-Bridge-Aggregation5-srv1000] quit

# Exclude the interfaces used by EVPN from the shutdown action by DRNI MAD.

[SwitchA] drni mad exclude interface loopback 0

[SwitchA] drni mad exclude interface loopback 1

[SwitchA] drni mad exclude interface twenty-fivegige 1/0/4

[SwitchA] drni mad exclude interface twenty-fivegige 1/0/5

[SwitchA] drni mad exclude interface vlan-interface 11

[SwitchA] drni mad exclude interface vlan-interface 100

5.     Configure Switch B:

# Enable L2VPN.

<SwitchB> system-view

[SwitchB] l2vpn enable

# Disable remote MAC address learning and remote ARP learning.

[SwitchB] vxlan tunnel mac-learning disable

[SwitchB] vxlan tunnel arp-learning disable

# Choose one of the following frame match criterion creation methods for dynamic ACs:

¡     Enable the device to create frame match criteria based on VXLAN IDs for the dynamic ACs on the IPL.

[SwitchB] l2vpn drni peer-link ac-match-rule vxlan-mapping

¡     Use the default setting for dynamic ACs on the IPL to use frame match criteria identical to those of site-facing ACs.

# Enable EVPN distributed relay, and specify the virtual VTEP address as 1.2.3.4.

[SwitchB] evpn drni group 1.2.3.4

# Configure DR system parameters.

[SwitchB] drni system-mac 0001-0001-0001

[SwitchB] drni system-number 2

[SwitchB] drni system-priority 10

[SwitchB] drni keepalive ip destination 60.1.1.1 source 60.1.1.2

[SwitchB] drni restore-delay 180

# Create Layer 2 dynamic aggregate interface Bridge-Aggregation 3.

[SwitchB] interface bridge-aggregation 3

[SwitchB-Bridge-Aggregation3] link-aggregation mode dynamic

[SwitchB-Bridge-Aggregation3] quit

# Assign Twenty-FiveGigE 1/0/3 to aggregation group 3.

[SwitchB] interface twenty-fivegige 1/0/3

[SwitchB-Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/3] port link-aggregation group 3

[SwitchB-Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/3] quit

# Specify Bridge-Aggregation 3 as the IPP. Disable static source check on Bridge-Aggregation 3.

[SwitchB] interface bridge-aggregation 3

[SwitchB-Bridge-Aggregation3] port drni intra-portal-port 1

[SwitchB-Bridge-Aggregation3] undo mac-address static source-check enable

[SwitchB-Bridge-Aggregation3] quit

# Configure OSPF for Switch B to reach Switch A at Layer 3.

[SwitchB] vlan 100

[SwitchB-vlan100] quit

[SwitchB] interface Vlan-interface 100

[SwitchB-Vlan-interface100] ip address 100.1.1.2 255.255.255.0

[SwitchB-Vlan-interface100] ospf 1 area 0.0.0.0

[SwitchB-Vlan-interface100] quit

# Disable static source check and spanning tree on Twenty-FiveGigE 1/0/5.

[SwitchB] interface twenty-fivegige 1/0/5

[SwitchB-Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/5] undo mac-address static source-check enable

[SwitchB-Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/5] undo stp enable

[SwitchB-Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/5] quit

# Create Layer 2 dynamic aggregate interface Bridge-Aggregation 4.

[SwitchB] interface bridge-aggregation 4

[SwitchB-Bridge-Aggregation4] link-aggregation mode dynamic

[SwitchB-Bridge-Aggregation4] quit

# Assign Twenty-FiveGigE 1/0/1 to aggregation group 4.

[SwitchB] interface twenty-fivegige 1/0/1

[SwitchB-Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/1] port link-aggregation group 4

[SwitchB-Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/1] quit

# Assign Bridge-Aggregation 4 to DR group 4.

[SwitchB] interface bridge-aggregation 4

[SwitchB-Bridge-Aggregation4] port drni group 4

[SwitchB-Bridge-Aggregation4] quit

# Create Layer 2 dynamic aggregate interface Bridge-Aggregation 5.

[SwitchB] interface bridge-aggregation 5

[SwitchB-Bridge-Aggregation5] link-aggregation mode dynamic

[SwitchB-Bridge-Aggregation5] quit

# Assign Twenty-FiveGigE 1/0/2 to aggregation group 5.

[SwitchB] interface twenty-fivegige 1/0/2

[SwitchB-Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/2] port link-aggregation group 5

[SwitchB-Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/2] quit

# Assign Bridge-Aggregation 5 to DR group 5.

[SwitchB] interface bridge-aggregation 5

[SwitchB-Bridge-Aggregation5] port drni group 5

[SwitchB-Bridge-Aggregation5] quit

# Create an EVPN instance on VSI vpna, and configure the switch to automatically generate an RD and a route target for the EVPN instance.

[SwitchB] vsi vpna

[SwitchB-vsi-vpna] arp suppression enable

[SwitchB-vsi-vpna] evpn encapsulation vxlan

[SwitchB-vsi-vpna-evpn-vxlan] route-distinguisher auto

[SwitchB-vsi-vpna-evpn-vxlan] vpn-target auto

[SwitchB-vsi-vpna-evpn-vxlan] quit

# Create VXLAN 10.

[SwitchB-vsi-vpna] vxlan 10

[SwitchB-vsi-vpna-vxlan-10] quit

[SwitchB-vsi-vpna] quit

# Configure BGP to advertise BGP EVPN routes.

[SwitchB] bgp 200

[SwitchB-bgp-default] peer 3.3.3.3 as-number 200

[SwitchB-bgp-default] peer 3.3.3.3 connect-interface loopback 0

[SwitchB-bgp-default] address-family l2vpn evpn

[SwitchB-bgp-default-evpn] peer 3.3.3.3 enable

[SwitchB-bgp-default-evpn] quit

[SwitchB-bgp-default] quit

# On Bridge-Aggregation 4, create Ethernet service instance 1000 to match VLAN 2.

[SwitchB] interface bridge-aggregation 4

[SwitchB-Bridge-Aggregation4] port link-type trunk

[SwitchB-Bridge-Aggregation4] port trunk permit vlan 2

[SwitchB-Bridge-Aggregation4] service-instance 1000

[SwitchB-Bridge-Aggregation4-srv1000] encapsulation s-vid 2

# Map Ethernet service instance 1000 to VSI vpna.

[SwitchB-Bridge-Aggregation4-srv1000] xconnect vsi vpna

[SwitchB-Bridge-Aggregation4-srv1000] quit

# On Bridge-Aggregation 5, create Ethernet service instance 1000 to match VLAN 3.

[SwitchB] interface bridge-aggregation 5

[SwitchB-Bridge-Aggregation5] port link-type trunk

[SwitchB-Bridge-Aggregation5] port trunk permit vlan 3

[SwitchB-Bridge-Aggregation5] service-instance 1000

[SwitchB-Bridge-Aggregation5-srv1000] encapsulation s-vid 3

# Map Ethernet service instance 1000 to VSI vpna.

[SwitchB-Bridge-Aggregation5-srv1000] xconnect vsi vpna

[SwitchB-Bridge-Aggregation5-srv1000] quit

# Exclude the interfaces used by EVPN from the shutdown action by DRNI MAD.

[SwitchB] drni mad exclude interface loopback 0

[SwitchB] drni mad exclude interface loopback 1

[SwitchB] drni mad exclude interface twenty-fivegige 1/0/4

[SwitchB] drni mad exclude interface twenty-fivegige 1/0/5

[SwitchB] drni mad exclude interface vlan-interface 11

[SwitchB] drni mad exclude interface vlan-interface 100

6.     Configure Switch C:

# Enable L2VPN.

<SwitchC> system-view

[SwitchC] l2vpn enable

# Disable remote MAC address learning.

[SwitchC] vxlan tunnel mac-learning disable

# Create an EVPN instance on VSI vpna, and configure the switch to automatically generate an RD and a route target for the EVPN instance.

[SwitchC] vsi vpna

[SwitchC-vsi-vpna] evpn encapsulation vxlan

[SwitchC-vsi-vpna-evpn-vxlan] route-distinguisher auto

[SwitchC-vsi-vpna-evpn-vxlan] vpn-target auto

[SwitchC-vsi-vpna-evpn-vxlan] quit

# Create VXLAN 10.

[SwitchC-vsi-vpna] vxlan 10

[SwitchC-vsi-vpna-vxlan-10] quit

[SwitchC-vsi-vpna] quit

# Create an EVPN instance on VSI vpnb, and configure the switch to automatically generate an RD and a route target for the EVPN instance.

[SwitchC] vsi vpnb

[SwitchC-vsi-vpnb] evpn encapsulation vxlan

[SwitchC-vsi-vpnb-evpn-vxlan] route-distinguisher auto

[SwitchC-vsi-vpnb-evpn-vxlan] vpn-target auto

[SwitchC-vsi-vpnb-evpn-vxlan] quit

# Create VXLAN 20.

[SwitchC-vsi-vpnb] vxlan 20

[SwitchC-vsi-vpnb-vxlan-20] quit

[SwitchC-vsi-vpnb] quit

# Configure BGP to advertise BGP EVPN routes, and configure Switch C as an RR.

[SwitchC] bgp 200

[SwitchC-bgp-default] group evpn

[SwitchC-bgp-default] peer 1.1.1.1 group evpn

[SwitchC-bgp-default] peer 2.2.2.2 group evpn

[SwitchC-bgp-default] peer 4.4.4.4 group evpn

[SwitchC-bgp-default] peer evpn as-number 200

[SwitchC-bgp-default] peer evpn connect-interface loopback 0

[SwitchC-bgp-default] address-family l2vpn evpn

[SwitchC-bgp-default-evpn] peer evpn enable

[SwitchC-bgp-default-evpn] undo policy vpn-target

[SwitchC-bgp-default-evpn] peer evpn reflect-client

[SwitchC-bgp-default-evpn] quit

[SwitchC-bgp-default] quit

# Create VSI-interface 1 and assign it an IP address. The IP address is the gateway address of VXLAN 10.

[SwitchC] interface vsi-interface 1

[SwitchC-Vsi-interface1] ip address 10.1.1.1 255.255.255.0

[SwitchC-Vsi-interface1] quit

# Specify VSI-interface 1 as the gateway interface for VSI vpna.

[SwitchC] vsi vpna

[SwitchC-vsi-vpna] gateway vsi-interface 1

[SwitchC-vsi-vpna] quit

# Create VSI-interface 2 and assign it an IP address. The IP address is the gateway address of VXLAN 20.

[SwitchC] interface vsi-interface 2

[SwitchC-Vsi-interface2] ip address 10.1.2.1 255.255.255.0

[SwitchC-Vsi-interface2] quit

# Specify VSI-interface 2 as the gateway interface for VSI vpnb.

[SwitchC] vsi vpnb

[SwitchC-vsi-vpnb] gateway vsi-interface 2

[SwitchC-vsi-vpnb] quit

7.     Configure Switch D:

# Enable L2VPN.

<SwitchD> system-view

[SwitchD] l2vpn enable

# Disable remote MAC address learning and remote ARP learning.

[SwitchD] vxlan tunnel mac-learning disable

[SwitchD] vxlan tunnel arp-learning disable

# Create an EVPN instance on VSI vpnb, and configure the switch to automatically generate an RD and a route target for the EVPN instance.

[SwitchD] vsi vpnb

[SwitchD-vsi-vpnb] arp suppression enable

[SwitchD-vsi-vpnb] evpn encapsulation vxlan

[SwitchD-vsi-vpnb-evpn-vxlan] route-distinguisher auto

[SwitchD-vsi-vpnb-evpn-vxlan] vpn-target auto

[SwitchD-vsi-vpnb-evpn-vxlan] quit

# Create VXLAN 20.

[SwitchD-vsi-vpnb] vxlan 20

[SwitchD-vsi-vpnb-vxlan-20] quit

[SwitchD-vsi-vpnb] quit

# Configure BGP to advertise BGP EVPN routes.

[SwitchD] bgp 200

[SwitchD-bgp-default] peer 3.3.3.3 as-number 200

[SwitchD-bgp-default] peer 3.3.3.3 connect-interface loopback 0

[SwitchD-bgp-default] address-family l2vpn evpn

[SwitchD-bgp-default-evpn] peer 3.3.3.3 enable

[SwitchD-bgp-default-evpn] quit

[SwitchD-bgp-default] quit

# On Twenty-FiveGigE 1/0/1, create Ethernet service instance 1000 to match VLAN 4.

[SwitchD] interface twenty-fivegige 1/0/1

[SwitchD-Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/1] port link-type trunk

[SwitchD-Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/1] port trunk permit vlan 4

[SwitchD-Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/1] service-instance 1000

[SwitchD-Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/1] encapsulation s-vid 4

# Map Ethernet service instance 1000 to VSI vpnb.

[SwitchD-Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/1] xconnect vsi vpnb

[SwitchD-Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/1] quit

Verifying the configuration

1.     Verify the centralized EVPN gateway settings on Switch C:

# Verify that Switch C has advertised MAC/IP advertisement routes and IMET routes of the gateway to other devices. Verify that Switch C has received MAC/IP advertisement routes and IMET routes from Switch A, Switch B, and Switch D.

[SwitchC] display bgp l2vpn evpn

 

BGP local router ID is 3.3.3.3

 Status codes: * - valid, > - best, d - dampened, h - history,

               s - suppressed, S - stale, i - internal, e - external

               a - additional-path

               Origin: i - IGP, e - EGP, ? - incomplete

 

 Total number of routes from all PEs: 5

 

 Route distinguisher: 1:100

 Total number of routes: 5

 

* >  Network : [2][0][48][0800-2700-400e][0][0.0.0.0]/104

     NextHop : 0.0.0.0                                  LocPrf    : 100

     PrefVal : 32768                                    OutLabel  : NULL

     MED     : 0

     Path/Ogn: i

 

*  i Network : [2][0][48][0800-2700-400e][0][0.0.0.0]/104

     NextHop : 1.2.3.4                                  LocPrf    : 100

     PrefVal : 0                                        OutLabel  : NULL

     MED     : 0

     Path/Ogn: i

 

* >i Network : [3][0][32][1.2.3.4]/80

     NextHop : 1.2.3.4                                  LocPrf    : 100

     PrefVal : 0                                        OutLabel  : NULL

     MED     : 0

     Path/Ogn: i

 

* >i Network : [3][0][32][3.3.3.3]/80

     NextHop : 0.0.0.0                                  LocPrf    : 100

     PrefVal : 0                                        OutLabel  : NULL

     MED     : 0

     Path/Ogn: i

 

* >i Network : [3][0][32][2.2.2.2]/80

     NextHop : 1.2.3.4                                  LocPrf    : 100

     PrefVal : 0                                        OutLabel  : NULL

     MED     : 0

     Path/Ogn: i

# Verify that the VXLAN tunnel to Switch A and Switch B is up, and the tunnel destination address is the virtual VTEP address.

[SwitchC] display interface tunnel

Tunnel0

Current state: UP

Line protocol state: UP

Description: Tunnel0 Interface

Bandwidth: 64 kbps

Maximum transmission unit: 1464

Internet protocol processing: Disabled

Last clearing of counters: Never

Tunnel source 3.3.3.3, destination 1.2.3.4

Tunnel protocol/transport UDP_VXLAN/IP

Last 300 seconds input rate: 0 bytes/sec, 0 bits/sec, 0 packets/sec

Last 300 seconds output rate: 4 bytes/sec, 32 bits/sec, 0 packets/sec

Input: 2 packets, 340 bytes, 0 drops

Output: 16 packets, 2793 bytes, 0 drops

# Verify that the VXLAN tunnels have been assigned to the VXLANs, and that the VSI interfaces are the gateway interfaces of their respective VXLANs.

[SwitchC] display l2vpn vsi verbose

VSI Name: vpna

  VSI Index               : 0

  VSI State               : Up

  MTU                     : 1500

  Bandwidth               : Unlimited

  Broadcast Restrain      : Unlimited

  Multicast Restrain      : Unlimited

  Unknown Unicast Restrain: Unlimited

  MAC Learning            : Enabled

  MAC Table Limit         : -

  MAC Learning rate       : -

  Drop Unknown            : -

  Flooding                : Enabled

  Statistics              : Disabled

  Gateway Interface       : VSI-interface 1

  VXLAN ID                : 10

  Tunnels:

    Tunnel Name          Link ID    State    Type        Flood proxy

    Tunnel0              0x5000000  UP       Auto        Disabled

 

VSI Name: vpnb

  VSI Index               : 1

  VSI State               : Up

  MTU                     : 1500

  Bandwidth               : Unlimited

  Broadcast Restrain      : Unlimited

  Multicast Restrain      : Unlimited

  Unknown Unicast Restrain: Unlimited

  MAC Learning            : Enabled

  MAC Table Limit         : -

  MAC Learning rate       : -

  Drop Unknown            : -

  Flooding                : Enabled

  Statistics              : Disabled

  Gateway Interface       : VSI-interface 2

  VXLAN ID                : 20

  Tunnels:

    Tunnel Name          Link ID    State    Type        Flood proxy

    Tunnel1              0x5000001  UP       Auto        Disabled

2.     Verify the distributed relay settings on Switch A:

# Verify that Switch A has BGP EVPN routes.

[SwitchA] display bgp l2vpn evpn

 

 BGP local router ID is 1.2.3.4

 Status codes: * - valid, > - best, d - dampened, h - history,

               s - suppressed, S - stale, i - internal, e - external

               a - additional-path

               Origin: i - IGP, e - EGP, ? - incomplete

 

 Total number of routes from all PEs: 5

 

 Route distinguisher: 1:100

 Total number of routes: 5

 

* >  Network : [2][0][48][0800-2700-400e][0][0.0.0.0]/104

     NextHop : 1.2.3.4                                  LocPrf    : 100

     PrefVal : 32768                                    OutLabel  : NULL

     MED     : 0

     Path/Ogn: i

 

* >i Network : [2][0][48][46b2-aea0-0101][0][0.0.0.0]/104

     NextHop : 3.3.3.3                                  LocPrf    : 100

     PrefVal : 0                                        OutLabel  : NULL

     MED     : 0

     Path/Ogn: i

 

* >  Network : [2][0][48][ac1e-24e3-0201][0][0.0.0.0]/104

     NextHop : 3.3.3.3                                  LocPrf    : 100

     PrefVal : 0                                        OutLabel  : NULL

     MED     : 0

     Path/Ogn: i

 

* >i Network : [3][0][32][1.2.3.4]/80

     NextHop : 1.2.3.4                                  LocPrf    : 100

     PrefVal : 32768                                    OutLabel  : NULL

     MED     : 0

     Path/Ogn: i

 

* >i Network : [3][0][32][3.3.3.3]/80

     NextHop : 3.3.3.3                                  LocPrf    : 100

     PrefVal : 0                                        OutLabel  : NULL

     MED     : 0

     Path/Ogn: i

# Verify that the VXLAN tunnel to Switch C is up, and the tunnel source address is the virtual VTEP address.

[SwitchA] display interface tunnel

Tunnel0

Current state: UP

Line protocol state: UP

Description: Tunnel0 Interface

Bandwidth: 64 kbps

Maximum transmission unit: 1464

Internet protocol processing: Disabled

Last clearing of counters: Never

Tunnel source 1.2.3.4, destination 3.3.3.3

Tunnel protocol/transport UDP_VXLAN/IP

Last 300 seconds input rate: 0 bytes/sec, 0 bits/sec, 0 packets/sec

Last 300 seconds output rate: 1 bytes/sec, 8 bits/sec, 0 packets/sec

Input: 0 packets, 0 bytes, 0 drops

Output: 33 packets, 6121 bytes, 0 drops

# Verify that ACs are automatically created on the IPL and assigned to VSIs.

[SwitchA] display l2vpn vsi verbose

VSI Name: vpna

  VSI Index               : 1

  VSI State               : Up

  MTU                     : 1500

  Bandwidth               : Unlimited

  Broadcast Restrain      : Unlimited

  Multicast Restrain      : Unlimited

  Unknown Unicast Restrain: Unlimited

  MAC Learning            : Enabled

  MAC Table Limit         : -

  MAC Learning rate       : -

  Drop Unknown            : -

  Flooding                : Enabled

  Statistics              : Disabled

  VXLAN ID                : 10

  Tunnels:

    Tunnel Name          Link ID    State    Type        Flood proxy

    Tunnel0              0x5000000  UP       Auto        Disabled

  ACs:

    AC                               Link ID  State       Type

    BAGG4 srv1000                    0        Up          Manual

    BAGG3 srv2                       1        Up          Dynamic (DRNI)

    BAGG5 srv1000                    2        Up          Manual

    BAGG3 srv3                       3        Up          Dynamic (DRNI)

3.     Verify network connectivity for the VMs:

# Verify that VM 1, VM 2, and VM 3 can communicate when both Switch A and Switch B are operating correctly. (Details not shown.)

# Verify that VM 1, VM 2, and VM 3 can communicate when Switch A's or Switch B's links to the local site are disconnected. (Details not shown.)

Example: Configuring IPv4 EVPN distributed relay using a VXLAN tunnel as the IPL (with a keepalive link)

Network configuration

As shown in Figure 23, perform the following tasks to make sure the VMs can communicate with one another:

·     Configure VXLAN 10 on Switch A, Switch B, and Switch C, and configure VXLAN 20 on Switch C and Switch D.

·     Configure EVPN distributed relay on Switch A and Switch B to virtualize them into one VTEP. The switches use a VXLAN tunnel as the IPL and have a keepalive link between them.

·     Configure Switch C as a centralized EVPN gateway and RR.

 

 

NOTE:

This example provides configuration of IPv4 sites over an IPv4 underlay network. The configuration procedure does not differ for IPv6 sites over an IPv4 underlay network or IPv6 sites over an IPv6 underlay network.

 

Figure 23 Network diagram

Procedure

1.     Set the VXLAN hardware resource mode on Switch C and reboot it.

<SwitchC> system-view

[SwitchC] hardware-resource vxlan l3gw

Do you want to change the specified hardware resource working mode? [Y/N]:y

The hardware resource working mode is changed, please save the configuration and

reboot the system to make it effective.

[SwitchC] quit

<SwitchC> reboot

Start to check configuration with next startup configuration file, please wait..

.......DONE!

Current configuration may be lost after the reboot, save current configuration?

[Y/N]:y

This command will reboot the device. Continue? [Y/N]:y

2.     On VM 1 and VM 2, specify 10.1.1.1 as the gateway address. On VM 3, specify 10.1.2.1 as the gateway address. (Details not shown.)

3.     Configure IP addresses and unicast routing settings:

# Assign IP addresses to interfaces (including loopback interfaces), as shown in Figure 23. (Details not shown.)

# Configure OSPF on all transport network switches (Switches A through D) for them to reach one another. (Details not shown.)

4.     Configure Switch A:

# Enable L2VPN.

<SwitchA> system-view

[SwitchA] l2vpn enable

# Disable remote MAC address learning and remote ARP learning.

[SwitchA] vxlan tunnel mac-learning disable

[SwitchA] vxlan tunnel arp-learning disable

# Enable EVPN distributed relay, and specify the virtual VTEP address as 1.2.3.4.

[SwitchA] evpn drni group 1.2.3.4

# Specify the reserved VXLAN as VXLAN 1234.

[SwitchA] reserved vxlan 1234

# Configure DR system parameters.

[SwitchA] drni system-mac 0001-0001-0001

[SwitchA] drni system-number 1

[SwitchA] drni system-priority 10

[SwitchA] drni keepalive ip destination 60.1.1.2 source 60.1.1.1

[SwitchA] drni restore-delay 180

# Create a tunnel to Switch B, and set the ToS of tunneled packets to 100.

[SwitchA] interface tunnel 1 mode vxlan

[SwitchA-Tunnel1] source 1.1.1.1

[SwitchA-Tunnel1] destination 2.2.2.2

[SwitchA-Tunnel1] tunnel tos 100

[SwitchA-Tunnel1] quit

# Exclude Tunnel 1 from the shutdown action by DRNI MAD.

[SwitchA] drni mad exclude interface tunnel 1

# Specify Tunnel 1 as the IPP

[SwitchA] interface tunnel 1

[SwitchA-Tunnel1] port drni intra-portal-port 1

[SwitchA-Tunnel1] quit

# Disable static source check and spanning tree on Twenty-FiveGigE 1/0/4, the transport-facing outgoing interface for tunneled traffic.

[SwitchA] interface twenty-fivegige 1/0/4

[SwitchA-Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/4] undo mac-address static source-check enable

[SwitchA-Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/4] undo stp enable

[SwitchA-Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/4] quit

# Create Layer 2 dynamic aggregate interface Bridge-Aggregation 4.

[SwitchA] interface bridge-aggregation 4

[SwitchA-Bridge-Aggregation4] link-aggregation mode dynamic

[SwitchA-Bridge-Aggregation4] quit

# Assign Twenty-FiveGigE 1/0/1 to link aggregation group 4.

[SwitchA] interface twenty-fivegige 1/0/1

[SwitchA-Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/1] port link-aggregation group 4

[SwitchA-Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/1] quit

# Assign Bridge-Aggregation 4 to DR group 4.

[SwitchA] interface bridge-aggregation 4

[SwitchA-Bridge-Aggregation4] port drni group 4

[SwitchA-Bridge-Aggregation4] quit

# Create Layer 2 dynamic aggregate interface Bridge-Aggregation 5.

[SwitchA] interface bridge-aggregation 5

[SwitchA-Bridge-Aggregation5] link-aggregation mode dynamic

[SwitchA-Bridge-Aggregation5] quit

# Assign Twenty-FiveGigE 1/0/2 to link aggregation group 5.

[SwitchA] interface twenty-fivegige 1/0/2

[SwitchA-Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/2] port link-aggregation group 5

[SwitchA-Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/2] quit

# Assign Bridge-Aggregation 5 to DR group 5.

[SwitchA] interface bridge-aggregation 5

[SwitchA-Bridge-Aggregation5] port drni group 5

[SwitchA-Bridge-Aggregation5] quit

# Create an EVPN instance on VSI vpna, and configure the switch to automatically generate an RD and a route target for the EVPN instance.

[SwitchA] vsi vpna

[SwitchA-vsi-vpna] arp suppression enable

[SwitchA-vsi-vpna] evpn encapsulation vxlan

[SwitchA-vsi-vpna-evpn-vxlan] route-distinguisher auto

[SwitchA-vsi-vpna-evpn-vxlan] vpn-target auto

[SwitchA-vsi-vpna-evpn-vxlan] quit

# Create VXLAN 10.

[SwitchA-vsi-vpna] vxlan 10

[SwitchA-vsi-vpna-vxlan-10] quit

[SwitchA-vsi-vpna] quit

# Configure BGP to advertise BGP EVPN routes.

[SwitchA] bgp 200

[SwitchA-bgp-default] peer 3.3.3.3 as-number 200

[SwitchA-bgp-default] peer 3.3.3.3 connect-interface loopback 0

[SwitchA-bgp-default] address-family l2vpn evpn

[SwitchA-bgp-default-evpn] peer 3.3.3.3 enable

[SwitchA-bgp-default-evpn] quit

[SwitchA-bgp-default] quit

# On Bridge-Aggregation 4, create Ethernet service instance 1000 to match VLAN 2.

[SwitchA] interface bridge-aggregation 4

[SwitchA-Bridge-Aggregation4] port link-type trunk

[SwitchA-Bridge-Aggregation4] port trunk permit vlan 2

[SwitchA-Bridge-Aggregation4] service-instance 1000

[SwitchA-Bridge-Aggregation4-srv1000] encapsulation s-vid 2

# Map Ethernet service instance 1000 to VSI vpna.

[SwitchA-Bridge-Aggregation4-srv1000] xconnect vsi vpna

[SwitchA-Bridge-Aggregation4-srv1000] quit

# On Bridge-Aggregation 5, create Ethernet service instance 1000 to match VLAN 3.

[SwitchA] interface bridge-aggregation 5

[SwitchA-Bridge-Aggregation5] port link-type trunk

[SwitchA-Bridge-Aggregation5] port trunk permit vlan 3

[SwitchA-Bridge-Aggregation5] service-instance 1000

[SwitchA-Bridge-Aggregation5-srv1000] encapsulation s-vid 3

# Map Ethernet service instance 1000 to VSI vpna.

[SwitchA-Bridge-Aggregation5-srv1000] xconnect vsi vpna

[SwitchA-Bridge-Aggregation5-srv1000] quit

# Exclude the interfaces used by EVPN from the shutdown action by DRNI MAD.

[SwitchA] drni mad exclude interface loopback 0

[SwitchA] drni mad exclude interface loopback 1

[SwitchA] drni mad exclude interface twenty-fivegige 1/0/4

[SwitchA] drni mad exclude interface vlan-interface 11

5.     Configure Switch B:

# Enable L2VPN.

<SwitchB> system-view

[SwitchB] l2vpn enable

# Disable remote MAC address learning and remote ARP learning.

[SwitchB] vxlan tunnel mac-learning disable

[SwitchB] vxlan tunnel arp-learning disable

# Enable EVPN distributed relay, and specify the virtual VTEP address as 1.2.3.4.

[SwitchB] evpn drni group 1.2.3.4

# Specify the reserved VXLAN as VXLAN 1234.

[SwitchB] reserved vxlan 1234

# Configure DR system parameters.

[SwitchB] drni system-mac 0001-0001-0001

[SwitchB] drni system-number 2

[SwitchB] drni system-priority 10

[SwitchB] drni keepalive ip destination 60.1.1.1 source 60.1.1.2

[SwitchB] drni restore-delay 180

# Create a tunnel to Switch A, and set the ToS of tunneled packets to 100.

[SwitchB] interface tunnel 1 mode vxlan

[SwitchB-Tunnel1] source 2.2.2.2

[SwitchB-Tunnel1] destination 1.1.1.1

[SwitchB-Tunnel1] tunnel tos 100

[SwitchB-Tunnel1] quit

# Exclude Tunnel 1 from the shutdown action by DRNI MAD.

[SwitchB] drni mad exclude interface tunnel 1

# Specify Tunnel 1 as the IPP

[SwitchB] interface tunnel 1

[SwitchB-Tunnel1] port drni intra-portal-port 1

[SwitchB-Tunnel1] quit

# Disable static source check and spanning tree on Twenty-FiveGigE 1/0/4, the transport-facing outgoing interface for tunneled traffic.

[SwitchB] interface twenty-fivegige 1/0/4

[SwitchB-Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/4] undo mac-address static source-check enable

[SwitchB-Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/4] undo stp enable

[SwitchB-Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/4] quit

# Create Layer 2 dynamic aggregate interface Bridge-Aggregation 4.

[SwitchB] interface bridge-aggregation 4

[SwitchB-Bridge-Aggregation4] link-aggregation mode dynamic

[SwitchB-Bridge-Aggregation4] quit

# Assign Twenty-FiveGigE 1/0/1 to aggregation group 4.

[SwitchB] interface twenty-fivegige 1/0/1

[SwitchB-Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/1] port link-aggregation group 4

[SwitchB-Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/1] quit

# Assign Bridge-Aggregation 4 to DR group 4.

[SwitchB] interface bridge-aggregation 4

[SwitchB-Bridge-Aggregation4] port drni group 4

[SwitchB-Bridge-Aggregation4] quit

# Create Layer 2 dynamic aggregate interface Bridge-Aggregation 5.

[SwitchB] interface bridge-aggregation 5

[SwitchB-Bridge-Aggregation5] link-aggregation mode dynamic

[SwitchB-Bridge-Aggregation5] quit

# Assign Twenty-FiveGigE 1/0/2 to aggregation group 5.

[SwitchB] interface twenty-fivegige 1/0/2

[SwitchB-Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/2] port link-aggregation group 5

[SwitchB-Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/2] quit

# Assign Bridge-Aggregation 5 to DR group 5.

[SwitchB] interface bridge-aggregation 5

[SwitchB-Bridge-Aggregation5] port drni group 5

[SwitchB-Bridge-Aggregation5] quit

# Create an EVPN instance on VSI vpna, and configure the switch to automatically generate an RD and a route target for the EVPN instance.

[SwitchB] vsi vpna

[SwitchB-vsi-vpna] arp suppression enable

[SwitchB-vsi-vpna] evpn encapsulation vxlan

[SwitchB-vsi-vpna-evpn-vxlan] route-distinguisher auto

[SwitchB-vsi-vpna-evpn-vxlan] vpn-target auto

[SwitchB-vsi-vpna-evpn-vxlan] quit

# Create VXLAN 10.

[SwitchB-vsi-vpna] vxlan 10

[SwitchB-vsi-vpna-vxlan-10] quit

[SwitchB-vsi-vpna] quit

# Configure BGP to advertise BGP EVPN routes.

[SwitchB] bgp 200

[SwitchB-bgp-default] peer 3.3.3.3 as-number 200

[SwitchB-bgp-default] peer 3.3.3.3 connect-interface loopback 0

[SwitchB-bgp-default] address-family l2vpn evpn

[SwitchB-bgp-default-evpn] peer 3.3.3.3 enable

[SwitchB-bgp-default-evpn] quit

[SwitchB-bgp-default] quit

# On Bridge-Aggregation 4, create Ethernet service instance 1000 to match VLAN 2.

[SwitchB] interface bridge-aggregation 4

[SwitchB-Bridge-Aggregation4] port link-type trunk

[SwitchB-Bridge-Aggregation4] port trunk permit vlan 2

[SwitchB-Bridge-Aggregation4] service-instance 1000

[SwitchB-Bridge-Aggregation4-srv1000] encapsulation s-vid 2

# Map Ethernet service instance 1000 to VSI vpna.

[SwitchB-Bridge-Aggregation4-srv1000] xconnect vsi vpna

[SwitchB-Bridge-Aggregation4-srv1000] quit

# On Bridge-Aggregation 5, create Ethernet service instance 1000 to match VLAN 3.

[SwitchB] interface bridge-aggregation 5

[SwitchB-Bridge-Aggregation5] port link-type trunk

[SwitchB-Bridge-Aggregation5] port trunk permit vlan 3

[SwitchB-Bridge-Aggregation5] service-instance 1000

[SwitchB-Bridge-Aggregation5-srv1000] encapsulation s-vid 3

# Map Ethernet service instance 1000 to VSI vpna.

[SwitchB-Bridge-Aggregation5-srv1000] xconnect vsi vpna

[SwitchB-Bridge-Aggregation5-srv1000] quit

# Exclude the interfaces used by EVPN from the shutdown action by DRNI MAD.

[SwitchB] drni mad exclude interface loopback 0

[SwitchB] drni mad exclude interface loopback 1

[SwitchB] drni mad exclude interface twenty-fivegige 1/0/4

[SwitchB] drni mad exclude interface vlan-interface 11

6.     Configure Switch C:

# Enable L2VPN.

<SwitchC> system-view

[SwitchC] l2vpn enable

# Disable remote MAC address learning.

[SwitchC] vxlan tunnel mac-learning disable

# Create an EVPN instance on VSI vpna, and configure the switch to automatically generate an RD and a route target for the EVPN instance.

[SwitchC] vsi vpna

[SwitchC-vsi-vpna] evpn encapsulation vxlan

[SwitchC-vsi-vpna-evpn-vxlan] route-distinguisher auto

[SwitchC-vsi-vpna-evpn-vxlan] vpn-target auto

[SwitchC-vsi-vpna-evpn-vxlan] quit

# Create VXLAN 10.

[SwitchC-vsi-vpna] vxlan 10

[SwitchC-vsi-vpna-vxlan-10] quit

[SwitchC-vsi-vpna] quit

# Create an EVPN instance on VSI vpnb, and configure the switch to automatically generate an RD and a route target for the EVPN instance.

[SwitchC] vsi vpnb

[SwitchC-vsi-vpnb] evpn encapsulation vxlan

[SwitchC-vsi-vpnb-evpn-vxlan] route-distinguisher auto

[SwitchC-vsi-vpnb-evpn-vxlan] vpn-target auto

[SwitchC-vsi-vpnb-evpn-vxlan] quit

# Create VXLAN 20.

[SwitchC-vsi-vpnb] vxlan 20

[SwitchC-vsi-vpnb-vxlan-20] quit

[SwitchC-vsi-vpnb] quit

# Configure BGP to advertise BGP EVPN routes, and configure Switch C as an RR.

[SwitchC] bgp 200

[SwitchC-bgp-default] group evpn

[SwitchC-bgp-default] peer 1.1.1.1 group evpn

[SwitchC-bgp-default] peer 2.2.2.2 group evpn

[SwitchC-bgp-default] peer 4.4.4.4 group evpn

[SwitchC-bgp-default] peer evpn as-number 200

[SwitchC-bgp-default] peer evpn connect-interface loopback 0

[SwitchC-bgp-default] address-family l2vpn evpn

[SwitchC-bgp-default-evpn] peer evpn enable

[SwitchC-bgp-default-evpn] undo policy vpn-target

[SwitchC-bgp-default-evpn] peer evpn reflect-client

[SwitchC-bgp-default-evpn] quit

[SwitchC-bgp-default] quit

# Create VSI-interface 1 and assign it an IP address. The IP address is the gateway address of VXLAN 10.

[SwitchC] interface vsi-interface 1

[SwitchC-Vsi-interface1] ip address 10.1.1.1 255.255.255.0

[SwitchC-Vsi-interface1] quit

# Specify VSI-interface 1 as the gateway interface for VSI vpna.

[SwitchC] vsi vpna

[SwitchC-vsi-vpna] gateway vsi-interface 1

[SwitchC-vsi-vpna] quit

# Create VSI-interface 2 and assign it an IP address. The IP address is the gateway address of VXLAN 20.

[SwitchC] interface vsi-interface 2

[SwitchC-Vsi-interface2] ip address 10.1.2.1 255.255.255.0

[SwitchC-Vsi-interface2] quit

# Specify VSI-interface 2 as the gateway interface for VSI vpnb.

[SwitchC] vsi vpnb

[SwitchC-vsi-vpnb] gateway vsi-interface 2

[SwitchC-vsi-vpnb] quit

7.     Configure Switch D:

# Enable L2VPN.

<SwitchD> system-view

[SwitchD] l2vpn enable

# Disable remote MAC address learning and remote ARP learning.

[SwitchD] vxlan tunnel mac-learning disable

[SwitchD] vxlan tunnel arp-learning disable

# Create an EVPN instance on VSI vpnb, and configure the switch to automatically generate an RD and a route target for the EVPN instance.

[SwitchD] vsi vpnb

[SwitchD-vsi-vpnb] arp suppression enable

[SwitchD-vsi-vpnb] evpn encapsulation vxlan

[SwitchD-vsi-vpnb-evpn-vxlan] route-distinguisher auto

[SwitchD-vsi-vpnb-evpn-vxlan] vpn-target auto

[SwitchD-vsi-vpnb-evpn-vxlan] quit

# Create VXLAN 20.

[SwitchD-vsi-vpnb] vxlan 20

[SwitchD-vsi-vpnb-vxlan-20] quit

[SwitchD-vsi-vpnb] quit

# Configure BGP to advertise BGP EVPN routes.

[SwitchD] bgp 200

[SwitchD-bgp-default] peer 3.3.3.3 as-number 200

[SwitchD-bgp-default] peer 3.3.3.3 connect-interface loopback 0

[SwitchD-bgp-default] address-family l2vpn evpn

[SwitchD-bgp-default-evpn] peer 3.3.3.3 enable

[SwitchD-bgp-default-evpn] quit

[SwitchD-bgp-default] quit

# On Twenty-FiveGigE 1/0/1, create Ethernet service instance 1000 to match VLAN 4.

[SwitchD] interface twenty-fivegige 1/0/1

[SwitchD-Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/1] port link-type trunk

[SwitchD-Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/1] port trunk permit vlan 4

[SwitchD-Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/1] service-instance 1000

[SwitchD-Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/1] encapsulation s-vid 4

# Map Ethernet service instance 1000 to VSI vpnb.

[SwitchD-Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/1] xconnect vsi vpnb

[SwitchD-Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/1] quit

Verifying the configuration

1.     Verify the centralized EVPN gateway settings on Switch C:

# Verify that Switch C has advertised MAC/IP advertisement routes and IMET routes of the gateway to other devices. Verify that Switch C has received MAC/IP advertisement routes and IMET routes from Switch A, Switch B, and Switch D.

[SwitchC] display bgp l2vpn evpn

 

BGP local router ID is 3.3.3.3

 Status codes: * - valid, > - best, d - dampened, h - history,

               s - suppressed, S - stale, i - internal, e - external

               a - additional-path

               Origin: i - IGP, e - EGP, ? - incomplete

 

 Total number of routes from all PEs: 5

 

Route distinguisher: 1:10

 Total number of routes: 6

 

* >  [2][0][48][7e9a-48e9-0100][32][10.1.1.1]/136

     NextHop : 0.0.0.0                                  LocPrf    : 100

     PrefVal : 32768                                    OutLabel  : NULL

     MED     : 0

     Path/Ogn: i

 

*  i Network : [3][0][32][1.1.1.1]/80

     NextHop : 1.1.1.1                                  LocPrf    : 100

     PrefVal : 0                                        OutLabel  : NULL

     MED     : 0

     Path/Ogn: i

 

* >i Network : [3][0][32][1.2.3.4]/80

     NextHop : 1.2.3.4                                  LocPrf    : 100

     PrefVal : 0                                        OutLabel  : NULL

     MED     : 0

     Path/Ogn: i

 

*  i Network : [3][0][32][1.2.3.4]/80

     NextHop : 1.2.3.4                                  LocPrf    : 100

     PrefVal : 0                                        OutLabel  : NULL

     MED     : 0

     Path/Ogn: i

 

* >i Network : [3][0][32][2.2.2.2]/80

     NextHop : 2.2.2.2                                  LocPrf    : 100

     PrefVal : 0                                        OutLabel  : NULL

     MED     : 0

     Path/Ogn: i

 

* >  Network : [3][0][32][3.3.3.3]/80

     NextHop : 0.0.0.0                                  LocPrf    : 100

     PrefVal : 32768                                    OutLabel  : NULL

     MED     : 0

     Path/Ogn: i

 

 Route distinguisher: 1:20

 Total number of routes: 3

 

* >  Network : [2][0][48][7e9a-48e9-0100][32][10.1.2.1]/136

 

     NextHop : 0.0.0.0                                  LocPrf    : 100

     PrefVal : 32768                                    OutLabel  : NULL

     MED     : 0

     Path/Ogn: i

 

* >  Network : [3][0][32][3.3.3.3]/80

     NextHop : 0.0.0.0                                  LocPrf    : 100

     PrefVal : 32768                                    OutLabel  : NULL

     MED     : 0

     Path/Ogn: i

 

* >i Network : [3][0][32][4.4.4.4]/80

     NextHop : 4.4.4.4                                  LocPrf    : 100

     PrefVal : 0                                        OutLabel  : NULL

     MED     : 0

     Path/Ogn: i

# Verify that the VXLAN tunnels to Switch A and Switch B are up, and the device has established a VXLAN tunnel to Switch A and Switch B with the destination address as the virtual VTEP address.

[SwitchC] display interface tunnel

Tunnel0

Current state: UP

Line protocol state: UP

Description: Tunnel0 Interface

Bandwidth: 64 kbps

Maximum transmission unit: 1464

Internet protocol processing: Disabled

Last clearing of counters: Never

Tunnel source 3.3.3.3, destination 4.4.4.4

Tunnel protocol/transport UDP_VXLAN/IP

Last 300 seconds input rate: 0 bytes/sec, 0 bits/sec, 0 packets/sec

Last 300 seconds output rate: 0 bytes/sec, 0 bits/sec, 0 packets/sec

Input: 0 packets, 0 bytes, 0 drops

Output: 2 packets, 84 bytes, 0 drops

 

Tunnel1

Current state: UP

Line protocol state: UP

Description: Tunnel1 Interface

Bandwidth: 64 kbps

Maximum transmission unit: 1464

Internet protocol processing: Disabled

Last clearing of counters: Never

Tunnel source 3.3.3.3, destination 1.1.1.1

Tunnel protocol/transport UDP_VXLAN/IP

Last 300 seconds input rate: 0 bytes/sec, 0 bits/sec, 0 packets/sec

Last 300 seconds output rate: 0 bytes/sec, 0 bits/sec, 0 packets/sec

Input: 0 packets, 0 bytes, 0 drops

Output: 2 packets, 84 bytes, 0 drops

 

Tunnel2

Current state: UP

Line protocol state: UP

Description: Tunnel2 Interface

Bandwidth: 64 kbps

Maximum transmission unit: 1464

Internet protocol processing: Disabled

Last clearing of counters: Never

Tunnel source 3.3.3.3, destination 1.2.3.4

Tunnel protocol/transport UDP_VXLAN/IP

Last 300 seconds input rate: 0 bytes/sec, 0 bits/sec, 0 packets/sec

Last 300 seconds output rate: 0 bytes/sec, 0 bits/sec, 0 packets/sec

Input: 0 packets, 0 bytes, 0 drops

Output: 1 packets, 42 bytes, 0 drops

 

Tunnel3

Current state: UP

Line protocol state: UP

Description: Tunnel3 Interface

Bandwidth: 64 kbps

Maximum transmission unit: 1464

Internet protocol processing: Disabled

Last clearing of counters: Never

Tunnel source 3.3.3.3, destination 2.2.2.2

Tunnel protocol/transport UDP_VXLAN/IP

Last 300 seconds input rate: 0 bytes/sec, 0 bits/sec, 0 packets/sec

Last 300 seconds output rate: 0 bytes/sec, 0 bits/sec, 0 packets/sec

Input: 0 packets, 0 bytes, 0 drops

Output: 1 packets, 42 bytes, 0 drops

# Verify that the VXLAN tunnels have been assigned to the VXLANs, and that the VSI interfaces are the gateway interfaces of their respective VXLANs.

[SwitchC] display l2vpn vsi verbose

VSI Name: vpna

  VSI Index               : 0

  VSI State               : Up

  MTU                     : 1500

  Bandwidth               : Unlimited

  Broadcast Restrain      : Unlimited

  Multicast Restrain      : Unlimited

  Unknown Unicast Restrain: Unlimited

  MAC Learning            : Enabled

  MAC Table Limit         : -

  MAC Learning rate       : -

  Drop Unknown            : -

  Flooding                : Enabled

  Statistics              : Disabled

  Gateway Interface       : VSI-interface 1

  VXLAN ID                : 10

  Tunnels:

    Tunnel Name          Link ID    State    Type        Flood proxy

    Tunnel1              0x5000001  UP       Auto        Disabled

    Tunnel2              0x5000002  UP       Auto        Disabled

    Tunnel3              0x5000003  UP       Auto        Disabled

 

VSI Name: vpnb

  VSI Index               : 1

  VSI State               : Up

  MTU                     : 1500

  Bandwidth               : Unlimited

  Broadcast Restrain      : Unlimited

  Multicast Restrain      : Unlimited

  Unknown Unicast Restrain: Unlimited

  MAC Learning            : Enabled

  MAC Table Limit         : -

  MAC Learning rate       : -

  Drop Unknown            : -

  Flooding                : Enabled

  Statistics              : Disabled

  Gateway Interface       : VSI-interface 2

  VXLAN ID                : 20

  Tunnels:

    Tunnel Name          Link ID    State    Type        Flood proxy

    Tunnel0              0x5000000  UP       Auto        Disabled

2.     Verify the distributed relay settings on Switch A:

# Verify that Switch A has BGP EVPN routes.

[SwitchA] display bgp l2vpn evpn

 

 BGP local router ID is 1.2.3.4

 Status codes: * - valid, > - best, d - dampened, h - history,

               s - suppressed, S - stale, i - internal, e - external

               a - additional-path

               Origin: i - IGP, e - EGP, ? - incomplete

 

 Total number of routes from all PEs: 3

 

 Route distinguisher: 1:10

 Total number of routes: 5

 

* >i Network : [2][0][48][7e9a-48e9-0100][32][10.1.1.1]/136

     NextHop : 3.3.3.3                                  LocPrf    : 100

     PrefVal : 0                                        OutLabel  : NULL

     MED     : 0

     Path/Ogn: i

 

* >  Network : [3][0][32][1.1.1.1]/80

     NextHop : 1.1.1.1                                  LocPrf    : 100

     PrefVal : 32768                                    OutLabel  : NULL

     MED     : 0

     Path/Ogn: i

 

* >  Network : [3][0][32][1.2.3.4]/80

     NextHop : 1.2.3.4                                  LocPrf    : 100

     PrefVal : 32768                                    OutLabel  : NULL

     MED     : 0

     Path/Ogn: i

 

* >i Network : [3][0][32][3.3.3.3]/80

     NextHop : 3.3.3.3                                  LocPrf    : 100

     PrefVal : 0                                        OutLabel  : NULL

     MED     : 0

     Path/Ogn: i

 

* >i Network : [3][0][32][2.2.2.2]/80

     NextHop : 2.2.2.2                                  LocPrf    : 100

     PrefVal : 0                                        OutLabel  : NULL

     MED     : 0

     Path/Ogn: i

# Verify that the VXLAN tunnel to Switch C is up, and the tunnel source address is the virtual VTEP address.

[SwitchA] display interface tunnel

Tunnel0

Current state: UP

Line protocol state: UP

Description: Tunnel0 Interface

Bandwidth: 64 kbps

Maximum transmission unit: 1464

Internet protocol processing: Disabled

Last clearing of counters: Never

Tunnel source 1.2.3.4, destination 3.3.3.3

Tunnel protocol/transport UDP_VXLAN/IP

Last 300 seconds input rate: 0 bytes/sec, 0 bits/sec, 0 packets/sec

Last 300 seconds output rate: 0 bytes/sec, 0 bits/sec, 0 packets/sec

Input: 0 packets, 0 bytes, 0 drops

Output: 0 packets, 0 bytes, 0 drops

 

Tunnel1

Current state: UP

Line protocol state: UP

Description: Tunnel1 Interface

Bandwidth: 64 kbps

Maximum transmission unit: 1464

Internet protocol processing: Disabled

Last clearing of counters: Never

Tunnel source 1.1.1.1, destination 2.2.2.2

Tunnel protocol/transport UDP_VXLAN/IP

Last 300 seconds input rate: 12 bytes/sec, 96 bits/sec, 0 packets/sec

Last 300 seconds output rate: 12 bytes/sec, 96 bits/sec, 0 packets/sec

Input: 239 packets, 25558 bytes, 0 drops

Output: 1241 packets, 109811 bytes, 0 drops

# Verify that ACs are automatically created on the IPL and assigned to VSIs.

[SwitchA] display l2vpn vsi verbose

VSI Name: vpna

  VSI Index               : 0

  VSI State               : Up

  MTU                     : 1500

  Bandwidth               : Unlimited

  Broadcast Restrain      : Unlimited

  Multicast Restrain      : Unlimited

  Unknown Unicast Restrain: Unlimited

  MAC Learning            : Enabled

  MAC Table Limit         : -

  MAC Learning rate       : -

  Drop Unknown            : -

  Flooding                : Enabled

  Statistics              : Disabled

  VXLAN ID                : 10

  Tunnels:

    Tunnel Name          Link ID    State    Type        Flood proxy

    Tunnel0              0x5000000  UP       Auto        Disabled

    Tunnel1              0x5000001  UP       Manual      Disabled

  ACs:

    AC                               Link ID  State       Type

    BAGG4 srv1000                    0        Down        Manual

    BAGG5 srv1000                    1        Down        Manual

3.     Verify network connectivity for the VMs:

# Verify that VM 1, VM 2, and VM 3 can communicate when both Switch A and Switch B are operating correctly. (Details not shown.)

# Verify that VM 1, VM 2, and VM 3 can communicate when Switch A's or Switch B's links to the local site are disconnected. (Details not shown.)

Example: Configuring IPv4 EVPN distributed relay using a VXLAN tunnel as the IPL (with Monitor Link)

Network configuration

As shown in Figure 24, perform the following tasks to make sure the VMs can communicate with one another:

·     Configure VXLAN 10 on Switch A, Switch B, and Switch C, and configure VXLAN 20 on Switch C and Switch D.

·     Configure EVPN distributed relay on Switch A and Switch B to virtualize them into one VTEP. The switches use a VXLAN tunnel as the IPL.

·     Create a monitor link group on Switch A and Switch B. Configure the transport-facing interfaces of Switch A and Switch B as uplink interfaces for the monitor link group, and member interfaces of DR interfaces as downlink interfaces.

·     Configure Switch C as a centralized EVPN gateway and RR.

 

 

NOTE:

This example provides configuration of IPv4 sites over an IPv4 underlay network. The configuration procedure does not differ for IPv6 sites over an IPv4 underlay network or IPv6 sites over an IPv6 underlay network.

 

Figure 24 Network diagram

Procedure

1.     Set the VXLAN hardware resource mode on Switch C and reboot it.

[SwitchC] hardware-resource vxlan l3gw

Do you want to change the specified hardware resource working mode? [Y/N]:y

The hardware resource working mode is changed, please save the configuration and

reboot the system to make it effective.

[SwitchC] quit

<SwitchC> reboot

Start to check configuration with next startup configuration file, please wait..

.......DONE!

Current configuration may be lost after the reboot, save current configuration?

[Y/N]:y

This command will reboot the device. Continue? [Y/N]:y

2.     On VM 1 and VM 2, specify 10.1.1.1 as the gateway address. On VM 3, specify 10.1.2.1 as the gateway address. (Details not shown.)

3.     Configure IP addresses and unicast routing settings:

# Assign IP addresses to interfaces (including loopback interfaces), as shown in Figure 24. (Details not shown.)

# Configure OSPF on all transport network switches (Switches A through D) for them to reach one another. (Details not shown.)

4.     Configure Switch A:

# Enable L2VPN.

<SwitchA> system-view

[SwitchA] l2vpn enable

# Disable remote MAC address learning and remote ARP learning.

[SwitchA] vxlan tunnel mac-learning disable

[SwitchA] vxlan tunnel arp-learning disable

# Enable EVPN distributed relay, and specify the virtual VTEP address as 1.2.3.4.

[SwitchA] evpn drni group 1.2.3.4

# Specify the reserved VXLAN as VXLAN 1234.

[SwitchA] reserved vxlan 1234

# Configure DR system parameters.

[SwitchA] drni system-mac 0001-0001-0001

[SwitchA] drni system-number 1

[SwitchA] drni system-priority 10

[SwitchA] drni restore-delay 180

# Create a tunnel to Switch B, and set the ToS of tunneled packets to 100.

[SwitchA] interface tunnel 1 mode vxlan

[SwitchA-Tunnel1] source 1.1.1.1

[SwitchA-Tunnel1] destination 2.2.2.2

[SwitchA-Tunnel1] tunnel tos 100

[SwitchA-Tunnel1] quit

# Exclude Tunnel 1 from the shutdown action by DRNI MAD.

[SwitchA] drni mad exclude interface tunnel 1

# Specify Tunnel 1 as the IPP

[SwitchA] interface tunnel 1

[SwitchA-Tunnel1] port drni intra-portal-port 1

[SwitchA-Tunnel1] quit

# Disable static source check and spanning tree on Twenty-FiveGigE 1/0/4, the transport-facing outgoing interface for tunneled traffic.

[SwitchA] interface twenty-fivegige 1/0/4

[SwitchA-Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/4] undo mac-address static source-check enable

[SwitchA-Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/4] undo stp enable

[SwitchA-Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/4] quit

# Create Layer 2 dynamic aggregate interface Bridge-Aggregation 4.

[SwitchA] interface bridge-aggregation 4

[SwitchA-Bridge-Aggregation4] link-aggregation mode dynamic

[SwitchA-Bridge-Aggregation4] quit

# Assign Twenty-FiveGigE 1/0/1 to link aggregation group 4.

[SwitchA] interface twenty-fivegige 1/0/1

[SwitchA-Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/1] port link-aggregation group 4

[SwitchA-Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/1] quit

# Assign Bridge-Aggregation 4 to DR group 4.

[SwitchA] interface bridge-aggregation 4

[SwitchA-Bridge-Aggregation4] port drni group 4

[SwitchA-Bridge-Aggregation4] quit

# Create Layer 2 dynamic aggregate interface Bridge-Aggregation 5.

[SwitchA] interface bridge-aggregation 5

[SwitchA-Bridge-Aggregation5] link-aggregation mode dynamic

[SwitchA-Bridge-Aggregation5] quit

# Assign Twenty-FiveGigE 1/0/2 to link aggregation group 5.

[SwitchA] interface twenty-fivegige 1/0/2

[SwitchA-Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/2] port link-aggregation group 5

[SwitchA-Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/2] quit

# Assign Bridge-Aggregation 5 to DR group 5.

[SwitchA] interface bridge-aggregation 5

[SwitchA-Bridge-Aggregation5] port drni group 5

[SwitchA-Bridge-Aggregation5] quit

# Create an EVPN instance on VSI vpna, and configure the switch to automatically generate an RD and a route target for the EVPN instance.

[SwitchA] vsi vpna

[SwitchA-vsi-vpna] arp suppression enable

[SwitchA-vsi-vpna] evpn encapsulation vxlan

[SwitchA-vsi-vpna-evpn-vxlan] route-distinguisher auto

[SwitchA-vsi-vpna-evpn-vxlan] vpn-target auto

[SwitchA-vsi-vpna-evpn-vxlan] quit

# Create VXLAN 10.

[SwitchA-vsi-vpna] vxlan 10

[SwitchA-vsi-vpna-vxlan-10] quit

[SwitchA-vsi-vpna] quit

# Configure BGP to advertise BGP EVPN routes.

[SwitchA] bgp 200

[SwitchA-bgp-default] peer 3.3.3.3 as-number 200

[SwitchA-bgp-default] peer 3.3.3.3 connect-interface loopback 0

[SwitchA-bgp-default] address-family l2vpn evpn

[SwitchA-bgp-default-evpn] peer 3.3.3.3 enable

[SwitchA-bgp-default-evpn] quit

[SwitchA-bgp-default] quit

# On Bridge-Aggregation 4, create Ethernet service instance 1000 to match VLAN 2.

[SwitchA] interface bridge-aggregation 4

[SwitchA-Bridge-Aggregation4] port link-type trunk

[SwitchA-Bridge-Aggregation4] port trunk permit vlan 2

[SwitchA-Bridge-Aggregation4] service-instance 1000

[SwitchA-Bridge-Aggregation4-srv1000] encapsulation s-vid 2

# Map Ethernet service instance 1000 to VSI vpna.

[SwitchA-Bridge-Aggregation4-srv1000] xconnect vsi vpna

[SwitchA-Bridge-Aggregation4-srv1000] quit

# On Bridge-Aggregation 5, create Ethernet service instance 1000 to match VLAN 3.

[SwitchA] interface bridge-aggregation 5

[SwitchA-Bridge-Aggregation5] port link-type trunk

[SwitchA-Bridge-Aggregation5] port trunk permit vlan 3

[SwitchA-Bridge-Aggregation5] service-instance 1000

[SwitchA-Bridge-Aggregation5-srv1000] encapsulation s-vid 3

# Map Ethernet service instance 1000 to VSI vpna.

[SwitchA-Bridge-Aggregation5-srv1000] xconnect vsi vpna

[SwitchA-Bridge-Aggregation5-srv1000] quit

[SwitchA-Bridge-Aggregation5] quit

# Create monitor link group 1 and assign uplink and downlink interfaces to it.

[SwitchA] monitor-link group 1

[SwitchA-mtlk-group1] port twenty-fivegige 1/0/1 downlink

[SwitchA-mtlk-group1] port twenty-fivegige 1/0/2 downlink

[SwitchA-mtlk-group1] port twenty-fivegige 1/0/4 uplink

[SwitchA-mtlk-group1] quit

# Exclude the interfaces used by EVPN from the shutdown action by DRNI MAD.

[SwitchA] drni mad exclude interface loopback 0

[SwitchA] drni mad exclude interface loopback 1

[SwitchA] drni mad exclude interface twenty-fivegige 1/0/4

[SwitchA] drni mad exclude interface vlan-interface 11

5.     Configure Switch B:

# Enable L2VPN.

<SwitchB> system-view

[SwitchB] l2vpn enable

# Disable remote MAC address learning and remote ARP learning.

[SwitchB] vxlan tunnel mac-learning disable

[SwitchB] vxlan tunnel arp-learning disable

# Enable EVPN distributed relay, and specify the virtual VTEP address as 1.2.3.4.

[SwitchB] evpn drni group 1.2.3.4

# Specify the reserved VXLAN as VXLAN 1234.

[SwitchB] reserved vxlan 1234

# Configure DR system parameters.

[SwitchB] drni system-mac 0001-0001-0001

[SwitchB] drni system-number 2

[SwitchB] drni system-priority 10

[SwitchB] drni restore-delay 180

# Create a tunnel to Switch A, and set the ToS of tunneled packets to 100.

[SwitchB] interface tunnel 1 mode vxlan

[SwitchB-Tunnel1] source 2.2.2.2

[SwitchB-Tunnel1] destination 1.1.1.1

[SwitchB-Tunnel1] tunnel tos 100

[SwitchB-Tunnel1] quit

# Exclude Tunnel 1 from the shutdown action by DRNI MAD.

[SwitchB] drni mad exclude interface tunnel 1

# Specify Tunnel 1 as the IPP

[SwitchB] interface tunnel 1

[SwitchB-Tunnel1] port drni intra-portal-port 1

[SwitchB-Tunnel1] quit

# Disable static source check and spanning tree on Twenty-FiveGigE 1/0/4, the transport-facing outgoing interface for tunneled traffic.

[SwitchB] interface twenty-fivegige 1/0/4

[SwitchB-Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/4] undo mac-address static source-check enable

[SwitchB-Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/4] undo stp enable

[SwitchB-Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/4] quit

# Create Layer 2 dynamic aggregate interface Bridge-Aggregation 4.

[SwitchB] interface bridge-aggregation 4

[SwitchB-Bridge-Aggregation4] link-aggregation mode dynamic

[SwitchB-Bridge-Aggregation4] quit

# Assign Twenty-FiveGigE 1/0/1 to aggregation group 4.

[SwitchB] interface twenty-fivegige 1/0/1

[SwitchB-Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/1] port link-aggregation group 4

[SwitchB-Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/1] quit

# Assign Bridge-Aggregation 4 to DR group 4.

[SwitchB] interface bridge-aggregation 4

[SwitchB-Bridge-Aggregation4] port drni group 4

[SwitchB-Bridge-Aggregation4] quit

# Create Layer 2 dynamic aggregate interface Bridge-Aggregation 5.

[SwitchB] interface bridge-aggregation 5

[SwitchB-Bridge-Aggregation5] link-aggregation mode dynamic

[SwitchB-Bridge-Aggregation5] quit

# Assign Twenty-FiveGigE 1/0/2 to aggregation group 5.

[SwitchB] interface twenty-fivegige 1/0/2

[SwitchB-Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/2] port link-aggregation group 5

[SwitchB-Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/2] quit

# Assign Bridge-Aggregation 5 to DR group 5.

[SwitchB] interface bridge-aggregation 5

[SwitchB-Bridge-Aggregation5] port drni group 5

[SwitchB-Bridge-Aggregation5] quit

# Create an EVPN instance on VSI vpna, and configure the switch to automatically generate an RD and a route target for the EVPN instance.

[SwitchB] vsi vpna

[SwitchB-vsi-vpna] arp suppression enable

[SwitchB-vsi-vpna] evpn encapsulation vxlan

[SwitchB-vsi-vpna-evpn-vxlan] route-distinguisher auto

[SwitchB-vsi-vpna-evpn-vxlan] vpn-target auto

[SwitchB-vsi-vpna-evpn-vxlan] quit

# Create VXLAN 10.

[SwitchB-vsi-vpna] vxlan 10

[SwitchB-vsi-vpna-vxlan-10] quit

[SwitchB-vsi-vpna] quit

# Configure BGP to advertise BGP EVPN routes.

[SwitchB] bgp 200

[SwitchB-bgp-default] peer 3.3.3.3 as-number 200

[SwitchB-bgp-default] peer 3.3.3.3 connect-interface loopback 0

[SwitchB-bgp-default] address-family l2vpn evpn

[SwitchB-bgp-default-evpn] peer 3.3.3.3 enable

[SwitchB-bgp-default-evpn] quit

[SwitchB-bgp-default] quit

# On Bridge-Aggregation 4, create Ethernet service instance 1000 to match VLAN 2.

[SwitchB] interface bridge-aggregation 4

[SwitchB-Bridge-Aggregation4] port link-type trunk

[SwitchB-Bridge-Aggregation4] port trunk permit vlan 2

[SwitchB-Bridge-Aggregation4] service-instance 1000

[SwitchB-Bridge-Aggregation4-srv1000] encapsulation s-vid 2

# Map Ethernet service instance 1000 to VSI vpna.

[SwitchB-Bridge-Aggregation4-srv1000] xconnect vsi vpna

[SwitchB-Bridge-Aggregation4-srv1000] quit

# On Bridge-Aggregation 5, create Ethernet service instance 1000 to match VLAN 3.

[SwitchB] interface bridge-aggregation 5

[SwitchB-Bridge-Aggregation5] port link-type trunk

[SwitchB-Bridge-Aggregation5] port trunk permit vlan 3

[SwitchB-Bridge-Aggregation5] service-instance 1000

[SwitchB-Bridge-Aggregation5-srv1000] encapsulation s-vid 3

# Map Ethernet service instance 1000 to VSI vpna.

[SwitchB-Bridge-Aggregation5-srv1000] xconnect vsi vpna

[SwitchB-Bridge-Aggregation5-srv1000] quit

[SwitchB-Bridge-Aggregation5] quit

# Create monitor link group 1 and assign uplink and downlink interfaces to it.

[SwitchB] monitor-link group 1

[SwitchB-mtlk-group1] port twenty-fivegige 1/0/1 downlink

[SwitchB-mtlk-group1] port twenty-fivegige 1/0/2 downlink

[SwitchB-mtlk-group1] port twenty-fivegige 1/0/4 uplink

[SwitchB-mtlk-group1] quit

# Exclude the interfaces used by EVPN from the shutdown action by DRNI MAD.

[SwitchB] drni mad exclude interface loopback 0

[SwitchB] drni mad exclude interface loopback 1

[SwitchB] drni mad exclude interface twenty-fivegige 1/0/4

[SwitchB] drni mad exclude interface vlan-interface 11

6.     Configure Switch C:

# Enable L2VPN.

<SwitchC> system-view

[SwitchC] l2vpn enable

# Disable remote MAC address learning.

[SwitchC] vxlan tunnel mac-learning disable

# Create an EVPN instance on VSI vpna, and configure the switch to automatically generate an RD and a route target for the EVPN instance.

[SwitchC] vsi vpna

[SwitchC-vsi-vpna] evpn encapsulation vxlan

[SwitchC-vsi-vpna-evpn-vxlan] route-distinguisher auto

[SwitchC-vsi-vpna-evpn-vxlan] vpn-target auto

[SwitchC-vsi-vpna-evpn-vxlan] quit

# Create VXLAN 10.

[SwitchC-vsi-vpna] vxlan 10

[SwitchC-vsi-vpna-vxlan-10] quit

[SwitchC-vsi-vpna] quit

# Create an EVPN instance on VSI vpnb, and configure the switch to automatically generate an RD and a route target for the EVPN instance.

[SwitchC] vsi vpnb

[SwitchC-vsi-vpnb] evpn encapsulation vxlan

[SwitchC-vsi-vpnb-evpn-vxlan] route-distinguisher auto

[SwitchC-vsi-vpnb-evpn-vxlan] vpn-target auto

[SwitchC-vsi-vpnb-evpn-vxlan] quit

# Create VXLAN 20.

[SwitchC-vsi-vpnb] vxlan 20

[SwitchC-vsi-vpnb-vxlan-20] quit

[SwitchC-vsi-vpnb] quit

# Configure BGP to advertise BGP EVPN routes, and configure Switch C as an RR.

[SwitchC] bgp 200

[SwitchC-bgp-default] group evpn

[SwitchC-bgp-default] peer 1.1.1.1 group evpn

[SwitchC-bgp-default] peer 2.2.2.2 group evpn

[SwitchC-bgp-default] peer 4.4.4.4 group evpn

[SwitchC-bgp-default] peer evpn as-number 200

[SwitchC-bgp-default] peer evpn connect-interface loopback 0

[SwitchC-bgp-default] address-family l2vpn evpn

[SwitchC-bgp-default-evpn] peer evpn enable

[SwitchC-bgp-default-evpn] undo policy vpn-target

[SwitchC-bgp-default-evpn] peer evpn reflect-client

[SwitchC-bgp-default-evpn] quit

[SwitchC-bgp-default] quit

# Create VSI-interface 1 and assign it an IP address. The IP address is the gateway address of VXLAN 10.

[SwitchC] interface vsi-interface 1

[SwitchC-Vsi-interface1] ip address 10.1.1.1 255.255.255.0

[SwitchC-Vsi-interface1] quit

# Specify VSI-interface 1 as the gateway interface for VSI vpna.

[SwitchC] vsi vpna

[SwitchC-vsi-vpna] gateway vsi-interface 1

[SwitchC-vsi-vpna] quit

# Create VSI-interface 2 and assign it an IP address. The IP address is the gateway address of VXLAN 20.

[SwitchC] interface vsi-interface 2

[SwitchC-Vsi-interface2] ip address 10.1.2.1 255.255.255.0

[SwitchC-Vsi-interface2] quit

# Specify VSI-interface 2 as the gateway interface for VSI vpnb.

[SwitchC] vsi vpnb

[SwitchC-vsi-vpnb] gateway vsi-interface 2

[SwitchC-vsi-vpnb] quit

7.     Configure Switch D:

# Enable L2VPN.

<SwitchD> system-view

[SwitchD] l2vpn enable

# Disable remote MAC address learning and remote ARP learning.

[SwitchD] vxlan tunnel mac-learning disable

[SwitchD] vxlan tunnel arp-learning disable

# Create an EVPN instance on VSI vpnb, and configure the switch to automatically generate an RD and a route target for the EVPN instance.

[SwitchD] vsi vpnb

[SwitchD-vsi-vpnb] arp suppression enable

[SwitchD-vsi-vpnb] evpn encapsulation vxlan

[SwitchD-vsi-vpnb-evpn-vxlan] route-distinguisher auto

[SwitchD-vsi-vpnb-evpn-vxlan] vpn-target auto

[SwitchD-vsi-vpnb-evpn-vxlan] quit

# Create VXLAN 20.

[SwitchD-vsi-vpnb] vxlan 20

[SwitchD-vsi-vpnb-vxlan-20] quit

[SwitchD-vsi-vpnb] quit

# Configure BGP to advertise BGP EVPN routes.

[SwitchD] bgp 200

[SwitchD-bgp-default] peer 3.3.3.3 as-number 200

[SwitchD-bgp-default] peer 3.3.3.3 connect-interface loopback 0

[SwitchD-bgp-default] address-family l2vpn evpn

[SwitchD-bgp-default-evpn] peer 3.3.3.3 enable

[SwitchD-bgp-default-evpn] quit

[SwitchD-bgp-default] quit

# On Twenty-FiveGigE 1/0/1, create Ethernet service instance 1000 to match VLAN 4.

[SwitchD] interface twenty-fivegige 1/0/1

[SwitchD-Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/1] port link-type trunk

[SwitchD-Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/1] port trunk permit vlan 4

[SwitchD-Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/1] service-instance 1000

[SwitchD-Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/1] encapsulation s-vid 4

# Map Ethernet service instance 1000 to VSI vpnb.

[SwitchD-Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/1] xconnect vsi vpnb

[SwitchD-Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/1] quit

Verifying the configuration

1.     Verify the centralized EVPN gateway settings on Switch C:

# Verify that Switch C has advertised MAC/IP advertisement routes and IMET routes of the gateway to other devices. Verify that Switch C has received MAC/IP advertisement routes and IMET routes from Switch A, Switch B, and Switch D.

[SwitchC] display bgp l2vpn evpn

 

BGP local router ID is 3.3.3.3

 Status codes: * - valid, > - best, d - dampened, h - history,

               s - suppressed, S - stale, i - internal, e - external

               a - additional-path

               Origin: i - IGP, e - EGP, ? - incomplete

 

 Total number of routes from all PEs: 5

 

 Route distinguisher: 1:10

 Total number of routes: 6

 

* >  [2][0][48][7e9a-48e9-0100][32][10.1.1.1]/136

     NextHop : 0.0.0.0                                  LocPrf    : 100

     PrefVal : 32768                                    OutLabel  : NULL

     MED     : 0

     Path/Ogn: i

 

*  i Network : [3][0][32][1.1.1.1]/80

     NextHop : 1.1.1.1                                  LocPrf    : 100

     PrefVal : 0                                        OutLabel  : NULL

     MED     : 0

     Path/Ogn: i

 

* >i Network : [3][0][32][1.2.3.4]/80

     NextHop : 1.2.3.4                                  LocPrf    : 100

     PrefVal : 0                                        OutLabel  : NULL

     MED     : 0

     Path/Ogn: i

 

*  i Network : [3][0][32][1.2.3.4]/80

     NextHop : 1.2.3.4                                  LocPrf    : 100

     PrefVal : 0                                        OutLabel  : NULL

     MED     : 0

     Path/Ogn: i

 

* >i Network : [3][0][32][2.2.2.2]/80

     NextHop : 2.2.2.2                                  LocPrf    : 100

     PrefVal : 0                                        OutLabel  : NULL

     MED     : 0

     Path/Ogn: i

 

* >  Network : [3][0][32][3.3.3.3]/80

     NextHop : 0.0.0.0                                  LocPrf    : 100

     PrefVal : 32768                                    OutLabel  : NULL

     MED     : 0

     Path/Ogn: i

 

 Route distinguisher: 1:20

 Total number of routes: 3

 

* >  Network : [2][0][48][7e9a-48e9-0100][32][10.1.2.1]/136

 

     NextHop : 0.0.0.0                                  LocPrf    : 100

     PrefVal : 32768                                    OutLabel  : NULL

     MED     : 0

     Path/Ogn: i

 

* >  Network : [3][0][32][3.3.3.3]/80

     NextHop : 0.0.0.0                                  LocPrf    : 100

     PrefVal : 32768                                    OutLabel  : NULL

     MED     : 0

     Path/Ogn: i

 

* >i Network : [3][0][32][4.4.4.4]/80

     NextHop : 4.4.4.4                                  LocPrf    : 100

     PrefVal : 0                                        OutLabel  : NULL

     MED     : 0

     Path/Ogn: i

# Verify that the VXLAN tunnels to Switch A and Switch B are up, and the device has established a VXLAN tunnel to Switch A and Switch B with the destination address as the virtual VTEP address.

[SwitchC] display interface tunnel

Tunnel0

Current state: UP

Line protocol state: UP

Description: Tunnel0 Interface

Bandwidth: 64 kbps

Maximum transmission unit: 1464

Internet protocol processing: Disabled

Last clearing of counters: Never

Tunnel source 3.3.3.3, destination 4.4.4.4

Tunnel protocol/transport UDP_VXLAN/IP

Last 300 seconds input rate: 0 bytes/sec, 0 bits/sec, 0 packets/sec

Last 300 seconds output rate: 0 bytes/sec, 0 bits/sec, 0 packets/sec

Input: 0 packets, 0 bytes, 0 drops

Output: 0 packets, 0 bytes, 0 drops

 

Tunnel1

Current state: UP

Line protocol state: UP

Description: Tunnel1 Interface

Bandwidth: 64 kbps

Maximum transmission unit: 1464

Internet protocol processing: Disabled

Last clearing of counters: Never

Tunnel source 3.3.3.3, destination 1.1.1.1

Tunnel protocol/transport UDP_VXLAN/IP

Last 300 seconds input rate: 0 bytes/sec, 0 bits/sec, 0 packets/sec

Last 300 seconds output rate: 0 bytes/sec, 0 bits/sec, 0 packets/sec

Input: 0 packets, 0 bytes, 0 drops

Output: 0 packets, 0 bytes, 0 drops

 

Tunnel2

Current state: UP

Line protocol state: UP

Description: Tunnel2 Interface

Bandwidth: 64 kbps

Maximum transmission unit: 1464

Internet protocol processing: Disabled

Last clearing of counters: Never

Tunnel source 3.3.3.3, destination 1.2.3.4

Tunnel protocol/transport UDP_VXLAN/IP

Last 300 seconds input rate: 0 bytes/sec, 0 bits/sec, 0 packets/sec

Last 300 seconds output rate: 0 bytes/sec, 0 bits/sec, 0 packets/sec

Input: 0 packets, 0 bytes, 0 drops

Output: 0 packets, 0 bytes, 0 drops

 

Tunnel3

Current state: UP

Line protocol state: UP

Description: Tunnel3 Interface

Bandwidth: 64 kbps

Maximum transmission unit: 1464

Internet protocol processing: Disabled

Last clearing of counters: Never

Tunnel source 3.3.3.3, destination 2.2.2.2

Tunnel protocol/transport UDP_VXLAN/IP

Last 300 seconds input rate: 0 bytes/sec, 0 bits/sec, 0 packets/sec

Last 300 seconds output rate: 0 bytes/sec, 0 bits/sec, 0 packets/sec

Input: 0 packets, 0 bytes, 0 drops

Output: 0 packets, 0 bytes, 0 drops

# Verify that the VXLAN tunnels have been assigned to the VXLANs, and that the VSI interfaces are the gateway interfaces of their respective VXLANs.

[SwitchC] display l2vpn vsi verbose

VSI Name: vpna

  VSI Index               : 0

  VSI State               : Up

  MTU                     : 1500

  Bandwidth               : Unlimited

  Broadcast Restrain      : Unlimited

  Multicast Restrain      : Unlimited

  Unknown Unicast Restrain: Unlimited

  MAC Learning            : Enabled

  MAC Table Limit         : -

  MAC Learning rate       : -

  Drop Unknown            : -

  Flooding                : Enabled

  Statistics              : Disabled

  Gateway Interface       : VSI-interface 1

  VXLAN ID                : 10

  Tunnels:

    Tunnel Name          Link ID    State    Type        Flood proxy

    Tunnel1              0x5000001  UP       Auto        Disabled

    Tunnel2              0x5000002  UP       Auto        Disabled

    Tunnel3              0x5000003  UP       Auto        Disabled

 

VSI Name: vpnb

  VSI Index               : 1

  VSI State               : Up

  MTU                     : 1500

  Bandwidth               : Unlimited

  Broadcast Restrain      : Unlimited

  Multicast Restrain      : Unlimited

  Unknown Unicast Restrain: Unlimited

  MAC Learning            : Enabled

  MAC Table Limit         : -

  MAC Learning rate       : -

  Drop Unknown            : -

  Flooding                : Enabled

  Statistics              : Disabled

  Gateway Interface       : VSI-interface 2

  VXLAN ID                : 20

  Tunnels:

    Tunnel Name          Link ID    State    Type        Flood proxy

    Tunnel0              0x5000000  UP       Auto        Disabled

2.     Verify the distributed relay settings on Switch A:

# Verify that Switch A has BGP EVPN routes.

[SwitchA] display bgp l2vpn evpn

 

 BGP local router ID is 1.2.3.4

 Status codes: * - valid, > - best, d - dampened, h - history,

               s - suppressed, S - stale, i - internal, e - external

               a - additional-path

               Origin: i - IGP, e - EGP, ? - incomplete

 

 Total number of routes from all PEs: 3

 

 Route distinguisher: 1:10

 Total number of routes: 5

 

* >i Network : [2][0][48][7e9a-48e9-0100][32][10.1.1.1]/136

     NextHop : 3.3.3.3                                  LocPrf    : 100

     PrefVal : 0                                        OutLabel  : NULL

     MED     : 0

     Path/Ogn: i

 

* >  Network : [3][0][32][1.1.1.1]/80

     NextHop : 1.1.1.1                                  LocPrf    : 100

     PrefVal : 32768                                    OutLabel  : NULL

     MED     : 0

     Path/Ogn: i

 

* >  Network : [3][0][32][1.2.3.4]/80

     NextHop : 1.2.3.4                                  LocPrf    : 100

     PrefVal : 32768                                    OutLabel  : NULL

     MED     : 0

     Path/Ogn: i

 

* >i Network : [3][0][32][3.3.3.3]/80

     NextHop : 3.3.3.3                                  LocPrf    : 100

     PrefVal : 0                                        OutLabel  : NULL

     MED     : 0

     Path/Ogn: i

 

* >i Network : [3][0][32][2.2.2.2]/80

     NextHop : 2.2.2.2                                  LocPrf    : 100

     PrefVal : 0                                        OutLabel  : NULL

     MED     : 0

     Path/Ogn: i

# Verify that the VXLAN tunnel to Switch C is up, and the tunnel source address is the virtual VTEP address.

[SwitchA] display interface tunnel

Tunnel0

Current state: UP

Line protocol state: UP

Description: Tunnel0 Interface

Bandwidth: 64 kbps

Maximum transmission unit: 1464

Internet protocol processing: Disabled

Last clearing of counters: Never

Tunnel source 1.2.3.4, destination 3.3.3.3

Tunnel protocol/transport UDP_VXLAN/IP

Last 300 seconds input rate: 0 bytes/sec, 0 bits/sec, 0 packets/sec

Last 300 seconds output rate: 0 bytes/sec, 0 bits/sec, 0 packets/sec

Input: 0 packets, 0 bytes, 0 drops

Output: 0 packets, 0 bytes, 0 drops

 

Tunnel1

Current state: UP

Line protocol state: UP

Description: Tunnel1 Interface

Bandwidth: 64 kbps

Maximum transmission unit: 1464

Internet protocol processing: Disabled

Last clearing of counters: Never

Tunnel source 1.1.1.1, destination 2.2.2.2

Tunnel protocol/transport UDP_VXLAN/IP

Last 300 seconds input rate: 0 bytes/sec, 0 bits/sec, 0 packets/sec

Last 300 seconds output rate: 0 bytes/sec, 0 bits/sec, 0 packets/sec

Input: 0 packets, 0 bytes, 0 drops

Output: 0 packets, 0 bytes, 0 drops

# Verify that ACs are automatically created on the IPL and assigned to VSIs.

[SwitchA] display l2vpn vsi verbose

VSI Name: vpna

  VSI Index               : 0

  VSI State               : Up

  MTU                     : 1500

  Bandwidth               : Unlimited

  Broadcast Restrain      : Unlimited

  Multicast Restrain      : Unlimited

  Unknown Unicast Restrain: Unlimited

  MAC Learning            : Enabled

  MAC Table Limit         : -

  MAC Learning rate       : -

  Drop Unknown            : -

  Flooding                : Enabled

  Statistics              : Disabled

  VXLAN ID                : 10

  Tunnels:

    Tunnel Name          Link ID    State    Type        Flood proxy

    Tunnel0              0x5000000  UP       Auto        Disabled

    Tunnel1              0x5000001  UP       Manual      Disabled

  ACs:

    AC                               Link ID  State       Type

    BAGG4 srv1000                    0        Down        Manual

    BAGG5 srv1000                    1        Down        Manual

3.     Verify network connectivity for the VMs:

# Verify that VM 1, VM 2, and VM 3 can communicate when both Switch A and Switch B are operating correctly. (Details not shown.)

# Verify that VM 1, VM 2, and VM 3 can communicate when Switch A's or Switch B's links to the local site are disconnected. (Details not shown.)

Example: Configuring IPv4 EVPN multihoming

Network configuration

As shown in Figure 25:

·     Configure VXLANs as follows:

¡     Configure VXLAN 10 on Switch A, Switch B, and Switch C. Configure Switch A and Switch B as redundant VTEPs for Server 2, and configure Switch B and Switch C as redundant VTEPs for Server 3.

¡     Configure VXLAN 20 on Switch C.

·     Configure Switch A, Switch B, and Switch C as distributed EVPN gateways.

·     Configure Switch D as an RR to reflect BGP EVPN routes between Switch A, Switch B, and Switch C.

Figure 25 Network diagram

 

Procedure

1.     Set the VXLAN hardware resource mode on Switch A, Switch B, and Switch C, and reboot the switches. This step uses Switch A as an example.

<SwitchA> system-view

[SwitchA] hardware-resource vxlan l3gw

Do you want to change the specified hardware resource working mode? [Y/N]:y

The hardware resource working mode is changed, please save the configuration and

 reboot the system to make it effective.

[SwitchA] quit

<SwitchA> reboot

Start to check configuration with next startup configuration file, please wait..

.......DONE!

Current configuration may be lost after the reboot, save current configuration?

[Y/N]:y

This command will reboot the device. Continue? [Y/N]:y

2.     On VM 1, VM 2, and VM 3, specify 10.1.1.1 as the gateway address. On VM 4, specify 20.1.1.1 as the gateway address. (Details not shown.)

3.     Configure IP addresses and unicast routing settings:

# Assign IP addresses to the interfaces, as shown in Figure 25. (Details not shown.)

# Configure OSPF on all transport network switches (Switches A through D) for them to reach one another. (Details not shown.)

4.     Configure Switch A:

# Enable L2VPN.

<SwitchA> system-view

[SwitchA] l2vpn enable

# Disable remote MAC address learning and remote ARP learning.

[SwitchA] vxlan tunnel mac-learning disable

[SwitchA] vxlan tunnel arp-learning disable

# Create an EVPN instance on VSI vpna, and configure the switch to automatically generate an RD and a route target for the EVPN instance.

[SwitchA] vsi vpna

[SwitchA-vsi-vpna] evpn encapsulation vxlan

[SwitchA-vsi-vpna-evpn-vxlan] route-distinguisher auto router-id

[SwitchA-vsi-vpna-evpn-vxlan] vpn-target auto

[SwitchA-vsi-vpna-evpn-vxlan] quit

# Create VXLAN 10.

[SwitchA-vsi-vpna] vxlan 10

[SwitchA-vsi-vpna-vxlan-10] quit

[SwitchA-vsi-vpna] quit

# Configure BGP to advertise BGP EVPN routes.

[SwitchA] bgp 200

[SwitchA-bgp-default] peer 4.4.4.4 as-number 200

[SwitchA-bgp-default] peer 4.4.4.4 connect-interface loopback 0

[SwitchA-bgp-default] address-family l2vpn evpn

[SwitchA-bgp-default-evpn] peer 4.4.4.4 enable

[SwitchA-bgp-default-evpn] quit

[SwitchA-bgp-default] quit

# On Twenty-FiveGigE 1/0/1, create Ethernet service instance 1000 to match VLAN 2.

[SwitchA] interface twenty-fivegige 1/0/1

[SwitchA-Twenty-FiveGigE1/0/1] port link-type trunk

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