H3C WA5530X Access Point Installation Guide-5W100

HomeSupportResource CenterWirelessH3C 802.11ac Wave2 Series Access PointsH3C WA5530X Access PointTechnical DocumentsInstallInstallation GuidesH3C WA5530X Access Point Installation Guide-5W100
01-Text
Title Size Download
01-Text 3.40 MB

Preparing for installation

WARNING

WARNING!

Install the AP under the guidance of technical engineers and read this chapter before installation.

 

Examining the installation site

The AP is used for outdoor installation. Before installation, examine the installation site to ensure that the AP will work in a good environment.

Installation site selection

The installation site must be selected according to the network planning and technical requirements of telecommunications equipment, with factors such as climate, hydrology, geology, earthquake, electric power, and transportation taken into consideration.

The location for installing the AP must meet the following requirements:

·          Not exposed to high temperature, dust, harmful gases, electromagnetic interference sources (high power radars, radio stations, or electrical substations), unstable voltage, heavy vibration, and loud noise.

·          Dry, without any leakage, dripping, or dew.

·          Away from inflammable and explosive substances.

·          More than 5 m (16.40 ft) away from 3G and 4G base stations and antennas.

·          The AP uses built-in directional antennas. For the optimal coverage, make sure the installation height does not exceed 5 m (16.40 ft) and no obstacles exist in front of the AP.

Temperature and humidity requirements

Table 1 Temperature and humidity requirements

Item

Specification

Operating temperature

–40°C to +65°C (–40°F to +149°F)

Storage temperature

–40°C to +85°C (–40°F to +185°F)

Operating humidity

0% RH to 100% RH, non-condensing

Storage humidity

0% RH to 100% RH, non-condensing

Waterproof IP rating

IP67

 

Power supply

You can power the AP by using a power injector or through PoE. No power injector is provided with the AP. You can use an H3C power injector. See "Connecting the AP to the power source" for the connection method.

Grounding and lightning protection

The AP must be reliably grounded. Make sure the grounding points of the grounding conductor of the AP, lightning arrestors, PE wire of the power cord, and antenna support are separate from each other, make good contact, and are securely connected and treated with corrosion protection.

Ground resistance

The ground resistance is usually required to be less than 5 ohms, and less than 10 ohms in an area with less than 20 thunderstorm days a year. If a piece of angle steel is buried as the grounding conductor, the ground resistance is required to be less than 10 ohms. In an area with a higher ground resistance, reduce the ground resistance by using brine or resistance reducing agent around the grounding conductor.

The top of the grounding conductor must be a minimum of 0.7 m (2.30 ft) away from the ground surface. In cold areas, the grounding conductor must be buried below the frozen soil layer.

Grounding conductor

If a grounding strip is available, connect the yellow and green grounding cable (user supplied) to the grounding strip. To make a grounding cable, make sure the cable has a cross-section area of a minimum of 6 mm2 (0.01 in2) and a length of no longer than 3 m (9.84 ft).

If no grounding strip is available, bury a piece of angle steel/steel tube a minimum of 0.5 m (1.64 ft) long in the earth to act as the grounding conductor. It must be zinc-plated.

·          In the case of a piece of angle steel, the size must be a minimum of 50 × 50 × 5 mm (1.97. × 1.97 × 0.20 in).

·          In the case of a piece of steel tube, it must have a wall thickness of a minimum of 3.5 mm (0.14 in). Weld the yellow and green grounding cable of the AP onto the grounding conductor and use anti-erosion treatment on the welding joint. With a cross-section area of a minimum of 6 mm2 (0.01 in2), the grounding cable must be as short as possible and must not be coiled.

Make sure the grounding terminals of all the lightning arresters of the AP and the peer device of the AP are reliably grounded.

Ground lead

A ground lead is a metal conductor connecting a grounding net and a grounding strip. The grounding cable of the AP must be connected to the grounding strip. The ground lead must be 30 m (98.43 ft) or shorter. A piece of zinc-coated flat steel with a cross-section area of 40 × 4 mm (1.57 × 0.16 in) or 50 × 5 mm (1.97 × 0.20 in) is recommended. Connect the grounding strip and the ground lead of the AP through the yellow and green grounding cable with an area of 35 mm2 (0.05 in2), or weld them directly. Use anti-erosion treatment on the welding joint.

Power grounding (AC)

Use a power cord with a protective earth (PE). Do not use a power cord with only an L line and an N line.

The neutral line of the power cord must not be connected with the PGND of other communications equipment. The L and N lines cannot be connected.

Lightning rod

The lightning protection grounding (for example, the grounding of the lightning rod) must be connected to the grounding conductor of the equipment room.

The lightning rod must be tall enough to protect the AP and its antennas.

In plain areas, the shielding angle of the lightning rod must be less than 45 degrees. In mountainous areas or lightning areas, the shielding angle must be less than 30 degrees.

Ethernet cable

Use a shielded twisted pair cable for outdoor installation. Make sure the devices at the two ends of the cable are reliably grounded.

If a metal tube is used, make sure the Ethernet cable is reliably grounded at both ends of the tube.

Installation accessories

Figure 1 lists the installation accessories provided with the AP. Figure 2 lists the installation accessories to be prepared by users.

Figure 1 Installation accessories provided with the AP

 

Figure 2 Installation accessories to be prepared by users

 

Installation tools and equipment

When installing the AP, you might need the following tools. Prepare these tools and equipment yourself as required.

Figure 3 Installation tools and equipment

 


Installing the AP

IMPORTANT

IMPORTANT:

To ensure radio coverage, have the AP installed by technical personnel as a best practice.

 

When you install the AP, follow these restrictions and guidelines:

·          The AP is large and heavy. Avoid bodily injury and device damage during the installation.

·          If you install the AP on a pole, make sure the pole is vertical to the ground and iron components have been treated with corrosion protection.

·          If you pole-mount the AP on the top of a building, make sure the AP does not project beyond the sides of the building.

·          To avoid high temperature caused by exposure to the sun, install the AP in a place without or with less direct sunlight and take protection measures if necessary.

Pre-installation tasks

Before installing an AP, perform the following tasks:

·          Connect the AP to the power source and the network. Examine the LED to verify that the AP can operate correctly. For more information about the AP LED, see "Appendix B LEDs and ports."

·          Verify that cabling at the installation site has been completed.

·          Record the AP MAC address and serial number marked on the rear of the AP for future use.

Installation flowchart

Figure 4 Installation flowchart

 

Connecting the grounding cable

CAUTION

CAUTION:

·      Correctly connecting the grounding cable is crucial to lightning protection and EMI protection.

·      Before connecting the AP to a power injector, make sure the AP has been reliably grounded using the grounding cable.

 

The AP is not provided with a grounding cable. Prepare one yourself.

To connect the grounding cable to the AP:

1.        Attach the ring terminal to the grounding cable.

Figure 5 Attaching the ring terminal to the grounding cable

 

2.        Attach the ring terminal of the grounding cable to the grounding screw on the AP. Connect the other end of the grounding cable to the earth.

Figure 6 Attaching the grounding cable to the AP

 

Connecting Ethernet cables

IMPORTANT

IMPORTANT:

Only CAT5e and above Ethernet cables can be used. As a best practice, use shielded twisted pair (STP) cables.

 

To connect an Ethernet cable:

1.        Disassemble the liquid-tight adapter and detach the rubber split sealing washer.

2.        Feed the Ethernet cable through the liquid-tight adapter and attach the split sealing washer.

3.        Connect the Ethernet cable to the target port on the AP.

4.        Fasten the liquid-tight adapter and sealing nut.

Figure 7 Connecting an Ethernet cable to the AP

 

Installing the AP

Attaching the AP bracket to the AP

CAUTION

CAUTION:

Keep the protective vent port closed on the AP. Do not open it.

 

Before mounting the AP on a wall or pole, attach the AP bracket to it.

To attach the AP bracket to the AP:

1.        Align the mounting holes in the AP bracket with the screw holes in the rear of the AP. Use M5 screws to attach the AP bracket to the AP.

Figure 8 Attaching the AP bracket to the AP

 

2.        Use an M6 screw to attach the articulating arm to the AP bracket.

Figure 9 Attaching the articulating arm to the AP bracket

 

Pole-mounting the AP

Worm-gear clamps and a wall/pole bracket are required to pole-mount the AP. The worm-gear clamp provided with the AP is applicable to poles with a diameter of 65 to 90 mm (2.56 to 3.54 in). If the diameter of the pole is not in the range, prepare worm-gear clamps yourself.

You can mount the AP on a vertical or horizontal pole.

Mounting the AP on a vertical pole

1.        Pass the worm-gear clamps through the mounting holes in the wall/pole bracket. Use the worm-gear clamps to secure the wall/pole bracket to the vertical pole and fasten the nuts.

Figure 10 Securing the wall/pole bracket to the pole

 

2.        Use an M6 screw to secure the articulating arm (attached to the AP) to the wall/pole bracket.

Figure 11 Securing the AP to the wall/pole bracket

 

Mounting the AP on a horizontal pole

1.        Pass the worm-gear clamps through the mounting holes in the wall/pole bracket. Use the worm-gear clamps to secure the wall/pole bracket to the horizontal pole and fasten the nuts.

Figure 12 Securing the wall/pole bracket to the pole

 

2.        Use an M6 screw to secure the articulating arm (attached to the AP) to the wall/pole bracket.

Figure 13 Securing the AP to the wall/pole bracket

 

Wall-mounting the AP

No expansion bolts are provided with the AP. Prepare them yourself.

To wall-mount the AP:

1.        Use the AP bracket as a template to mark installation hole locations on the wall.

Figure 14 Marking installation hole locations on the wall

 

2.        Drill holes with a diameter of 8 mm (0.32 in) at the marked locations, as shown in Figure 15.

When you drill holes, follow these restrictions and guidelines:

¡  Hold the drill handle with both hands, with the bit vertical to the wall surface, and prevent wall damage or tilted holes.

¡  If the wall surface is too solid and slippery to locate the bit, punch a notch first.

¡  Each hole must have the same depth.

3.        Hammer expansion bolts into the holes and remove the nut and washers from each bolt. Do not hammer the expansion bolts all the way into the wall and leave some space for hanging the AP.

Figure 15 Installing expansion bolts

 

4.        Hang the AP on the expansion holes and fasten the screws to secure the wall/pole bracket to the wall, as shown in Figure 16.

5.        Use an M6 screw to secure the articulating arm (attached to the AP) to the wall/pole bracket.

Figure 16 Securing the AP to the wall

 

Positioning the AP

The AP uses built-in antennas. After the AP installation, you can position the AP as required based on the antenna radiation patterns as shown in "Appendix C Antenna radiation patterns."

To adjust the AP to the desired elevation angle, loosen the screw that attaches the articulating arm to the AP bracket. To adjust the AP to the desired azimuth angle, loosen the screw that attaches the articulating arm to the wall/pole bracket.

Figure 17 Adjusting the AP

 

Connecting IoT access units

IMPORTANT

IMPORTANT:

·      To connect an access unit to the AP, you can use a straight-through or crossover Ethernet cable. To connect two access units, you can only use a straight-through Ethernet cable.

·      The distances between the first access unit and the AP and between the first and last access units must not exceed 100 m (328.08 ft).

·      When the AP has IoT access units connected to it, supply power to the AP by using a power injector, which can satisfy the maximum power requirement of the AP.

 

You can connect one or multiple IoT access units to the AP, as shown in Figure 18. The first IoT access unit must be a master IoT access unit (T300M-X or T310M) and other IoT access units must be extender IoT access units (T300-X or T310).

To connect IoT access units:

1.        Connect the IoT port on the master IoT access unit to the IoT port of the AP.

2.        Connect the OUT port on the IoT access unit to the IN port on another IoT access unit.

3.        Use a flat-head screwdriver to push the slide button on each extender IoT access unit except the last one to the MID side, and push the slide button on the last access unit to the END side.

Figure 18 Connecting IoT access units to the AP

 

Connecting the AP to the power source

CAUTION

CAUTION:

Make sure the installation of the AP is complete before powering on the AP.

 

You can supply power to the AP by using a power injector or through PoE. As a best practice, use a power injector to power the AP. When the AP has IoT access units connected to it, PoE cannot satisfy the maximum power requirements of the AP.

Connecting the PoE power supply

CAUTION

CAUTION:

Only the GE1 port on the AP supports 802.3af/at PoE power supply. To avoid port damage, do not use the GE2/IoT port as a PoE port to receive power.

 

Use an Ethernet cable to connect the Ethernet port on the AP to a port on a switch that supports PoE.

Figure 19 Connecting the PoE power supply

 

Connecting a power injector

CAUTION

CAUTION:

·      Place the power injector stable in a well ventilated location indoors or place it in a waterproof case if used outdoors.

·      If multiple power injectors are installed in one equipment room or maintenance hole, use one power strip for all these injectors and lead in the power strip from the air switch of the AC power distribution box.

 

The PoE1 port on the dual-port H3C power injector must be connected to the uplink network through the LAN1 port, and PoE2 through LAN2. The following procedures use the PoE1 port as an example to connect the AP.

Connecting the AP to a power injector and to the network through the Ethernet copper port

1.        Connect the power cord of the injector to an AC power source.

2.        Connect the PoE1 port on the injector to the GE1 port on the AP.

3.        Connect the LAN1 port on the injector to a switch or access controller.

Figure 20 Connecting the AP to a power injector and to the network through the Ethernet copper port

 

Table 2 Dual-port H3C power injector description

Item

Specifications

Model

ADP060-55V-PoE-GL

Input

100 V – 240 V @ 1.5 A

Output

55 V @ 1100 mA

 

Connecting the AP to a power injector and to the network through the fiber port

IMPORTANT

IMPORTANT:

To use a pigtail fiber that does not have any protective sleeve, first use liquid-tight tape to encase the exposed fiber part before you connect the fiber.

 

To connect the AP to a power injector and to the network through the fiber port:

1.        Connect the SFP port on the AP to an Ethernet switch or access controller.

Figure 21 Connecting an optical fiber to the SFP port on the AP

 

2.        Connect the power cord of the injector to an AC power source.

3.        Connect the PoE1 port on the injector to the GE1 port on the AP.

Figure 22 Connecting the AP to a power injector and the network through the fiber port

 

Labeling cables

After cable connection, attach labels to each cable as a best practice for future maintenance.

·          Attach a label to both ends of a cable and every certain distance.

·          Use cable flags or cable sleeves to label antenna and Ethernet cables. Use cable flags to label fiber cables.

·          Use waterproof labels with clear content. Attach labels to proper places where they can be seen directly.

·          Use transparent waterproof tape to seal outdoor labels.

Verifying the installation

After the installation is complete, check the following items before powering on the AP:

·          The power source meets the power specification of the AP.

·          The AP is reliably grounded.

·          The Ethernet cables are correctly connected.

·          The cables are correctly labeled.

·          The unused ports on the AP are sealed with waterproof plugs.

Powering on the AP

IMPORTANT

IMPORTANT:

Make sure all cables are correctly connected and the AP is connected to the power source correctly before powering on the AP.

 

Switch on the external power source and verify that the AP is operating correctly by examining the LED on the AP. For more information about the LED, see "Appendix B LEDs and ports."

 


Verifying the network connection

All settings of the AP (in fit mode) are configured on the AC. Use the display wlan ap all command on the AC that connects to the AP. If the AP status is R/M, the AP has been connected to the network.

<AC> display wlan ap all

Total number of APs: 1

Total number of connected APs: 1

Total number of connected manual APs: 1

Total number of connected auto APs: 0

Total number of connected common APs: 1

Total number of connected WTUs: 0

Total number of inside APs: 0

Maximum supported APs: 3072

Remaining APs: 3071

Total AP licenses: 128

Local AP licenses: 128                                                            

Server AP licenses: 0                                                          

Remaining local AP licenses: 127                                                 

Sync AP licenses: 0

 

                                 AP information

 State : I = Idle,       J  = Join,       JA = JoinAck,    IL = ImageLoad

         C = Config,     DC = DataCheck,  R  = Run   M = Master,  B = Backup

 

AP name                        APID  State Model           Serial ID

ap1                            1     R/M   WA5530X         219801A20F8182E00001

 


Appendix A Technical specifications

Table 3 Technical specifications

Item

Specification

Dimensions (H × W × D) (without the AP bracket)

79.5 × 250 × 250 mm (3.13 × 9.84 × 9.84 in)

Weight

1.8 kg (3.97 lb)

Antenna (built-in)

·         2.4 G: 7 dBi peak gain

·         5 G: 7 dBi peak gain

System power consumption

·         22.43 W (with no access unit connected to it)

·         ≤ 34.43W (with access units connected to it)

Powering option

·         802.3at PoE (with no access unit connected to it)

·         802.3af PoE (when the AP does not have access units connected to it and operates in 1×1 MIMO radio mode)

·         Power injector

When the AP has IoT access units connected to it, 802.3at/af PoE cannot satisfy the maximum power requirement of the AP. Use a power injector to power the AP.

Protocol compliance

IEEE802.11a/b/g/n/ac Wave 2

 


Appendix B LEDs and ports

LEDs

Table 4 LED description

LED

Status

Description

N/A

Off

No power is present.

Yellow

Flashing at 1 Hz

No radios have been detected.

Flashing at 2 Hz

The Ethernet interfaces have not started up and no mesh links are established.

Steady on

The AP is initializing.

Green

Flashing at 0.5 Hz)

The AP is starting up.

Flashing at 1 Hz

Only the 2.4G radio has associated clients.

Flashing at 2 Hz

The AP is upgrading the image.

Steady on

The AP has registered on an AC, but does not have any associated clients.

Blue

Flashing at 1 Hz

Only the 5G radio has associated clients.

Alternating between green and yellow at 1 Hz

Both the 2.4G and 5G radios have associated clients.

 

Ports

Figure 23 Ports on the AP

(1) 10/100/1000M Ethernet port (GE1/PoE+)

(2) 10/100/1000M Ethernet port (GE2)

(3) LED

(4) 1000BASE-X SFP port (GE3/SFP)

(5) Console port (CONSOLE)

(6) Protective vent port

 

Table 5 Port description

Port

Standards and protocols

Description

10/100/1000M Ethernet port (GE1/PoE+)

·         IEEE802.3

·         IEEE802.3u

·         IEEE802.3af

·         IEEE802.3at

Used for connecting the AP to an uplink device for Internet or MAN access. It can also receive PoE power from the uplink device.

It is represented by interface number GE1/0/1 in the MAP file or gigabitethernet 1 in AC configurations.

10/100/1000M Ethernet port (GE2/IoT)

·         IEEE802.3

·         IEEE802.3u

An IoT interface, used for connecting a downlink IoT access unit to the AP.

It is represented by interface number GE1/0/2 in the MAP file or gigabitethernet 2 in AC configurations.

1000BASE-X SFP port (GE3/SFP)

·         IEEE802.3

·         SFP MSA

·         SFF-8472

Used for connecting the AP to an uplink device for Internet or MAN access.

It is represented by interface number GE1/0/3 in the MAP file or gigabitethernet 3 in AC configurations.

Console port (CONSOLE)

RS/EIA-232

Used by maintenance personnel for device configuration and management only.

 

Optional transceiver modules

Transceiver module, fiber connector, and optical fiber views

To connect an SFP fiber port, use an SFP transceiver module and an optical fiber with LC connectors.

Figure 24 SFP transceiver module

 

Figure 25 Optical fiber with LC connectors

(1) LC connector

(2) Optical fiber

 

Transceiver module specifications

The transceiver modules that have MM and SM in their names support multi-mode optical fibers and single-mode optical fibers, respectively.

Table 6 SFP-GE-SX-MM850-A specifications

Item

Specification

Central wavelength

850 nm

Max transmission distance

550 m (1804.46 ft)

Data rate

1250 Mbps

Connector type

Duplex LC

Fiber mode

MMF

Fiber diameter

50 µm

Transmit power

–9.5 to 0 dBm

Receive sensitivity

–17 dBm

Saturation

≤ –3 dBm

 

Table 7 SFP-GE-LX-SM1310-A specifications

Item

Specification

Central wavelength

1310 nm

Max transmission distance

10 km (6.21 miles)

Data rate

1250 Mbps

Connector type

Duplex LC

Fiber mode

SMF

Fiber diameter

9 µm

Transmit power

–9.5 to –3 dBm

Receive sensitivity

≤ –20 dBm

Saturation

≤ –3 dBm

 

Table 8 SFP-GE-LH40-SM1310 specifications

Item

Specification

Central wavelength

1310 nm

Max transmission distance

40 km (24.86 miles)

Data rate

1250 Mbps

Connector type

Duplex LC

Fiber mode

SMF

Fiber diameter

9 µm

Transmit power

–2 to +5 dBm

Receive sensitivity

≤ –22 dBm

Saturation

≤ –3 dBm

 

Table 9 SFP-GE-LH40-SM1550 specifications

Item

Specification

Central wavelength

1550 nm

Max transmission distance

40 km (24.86 miles)

Data rate

1250 Mbps

Connector type

Duplex LC

Fiber mode

SMF

Fiber diameter

9 µm

Transmit power

–4 to +1 dBm

Receive sensitivity

≤ –21 dBm

Saturation

≤ –3 dBm

 


Appendix C Antenna radiation patterns

Table 10 2.4 GHz antenna radiation patterns of the AP

Central frequency

Antenna radiation patterns

Vertical plane

Horizontal plane

2.4 GHz

 

 

 

Table 11 5 GHz antenna radiation patterns of the AP

Central frequency

Antenna radiation patterns

Vertical plane

Horizontal plane

5 GHz Low Band

  

 

5 GHz High Band