08-ACL and QoS Configuration Examples

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06-H3C_Congestion_Avoidance_and_Queue_Scheduling_Configuration_Examples

H3C Congestion Avoidance and Queue Scheduling Configuration Examples

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Software version: Release 7577P04

Document version: 6W100-20190330

 

Copyright © 2019 New H3C Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

No part of this manual may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means without prior written consent of New H3C Technologies Co., Ltd.

Except for the trademarks of New H3C Technologies Co., Ltd., any trademarks that may be mentioned in this document are the property of their respective owners.

The information in this document is subject to change without notice.



Introduction

This document provides examples for configuring congestion avoidance and queue scheduling profiles.

Prerequisites

The configuration examples in this document were created and verified in a lab environment, and all the devices were started with the factory default configuration. When you are working on a live network, make sure you understand the potential impact of every command on your network.

This document assumes that you have basic knowledge of congestion avoidance and queue scheduling profiles.

Example: Configuring congestion avoidance and queue scheduling

Network configuration

As shown in Figure 1, three types of traffic come from the Internet to the device through the gateway.

·          Voice trafficTransmitted in VLAN 6 and carries 802.1p priority 6.

·          Video trafficTransmitted in VLAN 4 and carries 802.1p priority 4.

·          Data trafficTransmitted in VLAN 2 and carries 802.1p priority 2.

Configure congestion avoidance and queue scheduling on the device to meet the following requirements:

·          The voice traffic, video traffic, and data traffic are scheduled in the ratio of 1:2:2 when congestion occurs.

·          WRED drop is used when serious congestion occurs.

Figure 1 Network diagram

 

Analysis

To configure congestion avoidance and queue scheduling, you must perform the following tasks:

·          To assign different types of traffic to different queues, configure the incoming interface to trust the 802.1p priority in packets.

·          To schedule the three types of traffic in the ratio of 1:2:2, assign their queues to one WRR group and configure weights for these queues.

·          To minimize performance degradation for different types of traffic, use the drop parameters in Table 1.

Table 1 Drop parameters

Traffic type

Packet color

Lower limit

Upper limit

Drop probability

Voice

Yellow

1000

1500

3%

Red

500

1000

30%

Video

Yellow

1000

1500

2%

Red

500

1000

20%

Data

Yellow

1000

1500

1%

Red

500

1000

10%

 

Procedures

1.        Allow VLANs for different types of traffic to pass through:

# Create three VLANs .

<Device> system-view

[Device] vlan 2

[Device-vlan2] quit

[Device] vlan 4

[Device-vlan4] quit

[Device] vlan 6

[Device-vlan6] quit

# Assign interfaces to VLANs.

[Device] interface ten-gigabitethernet 1/0/3

[Device-Ten-GigabitEthernet1/0/3] port link-type trunk

[Device-Ten-GigabitEthernet1/0/3] port trunk permit vlan 2 4 6

[Device-Ten-GigabitEthernet1/0/3] quit

[Device] interface ten-gigabitethernet 1/0/1

[Device-Ten-GigabitEthernet1/0/1] port link-type trunk

[Device-Ten-GigabitEthernet1/0/1] port trunk permit vlan 2 4 6

[Device-Ten-GigabitEthernet1/0/1] quit

[Device] interface ten-gigabitethernet 1/0/2

[Device-Ten-GigabitEthernet1/0/2] port link-type trunk

[Device-Ten-GigabitEthernet1/0/2] port trunk permit vlan 2 4 6

[Device-Ten-GigabitEthernet1/0/2] quit

2.        Configure interface Ten-GigabitEthernet 1/0/3 to trust the 802.1p priority in packets.

[Device] interface ten-gigabitethernet 1/0/3

[Device-Ten-GigabitEthernet1/0/3] qos trust dot1p

[Device-Ten-GigabitEthernet1/0/3] quit

3.        Configure WRR on Ten-GigabitEthernet 1/0/1 and Ten-GigabitEthernet 1/0/2:

# Enable weighted-based WRR on Ten-GigabitEthernet 1/0/1.

[Device] interface ten-gigabitethernet 1/0/1

[Device-Ten-GigabitEthernet1/0/1] qos wrr weight

# Display the 802.1p-to-local precedence map to determine the local precedence for each type of traffic.

[Device-Ten-GigabitEthernet1/0/1] display qos map-table dot1p-lp

MAP-TABLE NAME: dot1p-lp   TYPE: pre-define

IMPORT  :  EXPORT

   0    :    2

   1    :    0

   2    :    1

   3    :    3

   4    :    4

   5    :    5

   6    :    6

   7    :    7

# Configure the weights of queue 1 (for data traffic), queue 4 (for video traffic), and queue 6 (for voice traffic) as 2, 2, and 1, respectively.

[Device-Ten-GigabitEthernet1/0/1] qos wrr 1 group 1 weight 2

[Device-Ten-GigabitEthernet1/0/1] qos wrr 4 group 1 weight 2

[Device-Ten-GigabitEthernet1/0/1] qos wrr 6 group 1 weight 1

[Device-Ten-GigabitEthernet1/0/1] quit

# Enable weighted-based WRR on GigabitEthernet 1/0/2.

[Device] interface ten-gigabitethernet 1/0/2

[Device-Ten-GigabitEthernet1/0/2] qos wrr weight

# Configure the weights of queue 1 (for data traffic), queue 4 (for video traffic), and queue 6 (for voice traffic) as 2, 2, and 1, respectively.

[Device-Ten-GigabitEthernet1/0/2] qos wrr 1 group 1 weight 2

[Device-Ten-GigabitEthernet1/0/2] qos wrr 4 group 1 weight 2

[Device-Ten-GigabitEthernet1/0/2] qos wrr 6 group 1 weight 1

[Device-Ten-GigabitEthernet1/0/2] quit

4.        Configure congestion avoidance:

# Configure a WRED table.

[Device] qos wred queue table droppolicy

[Device-wred-table-droppolicy] queue 6 drop-level 1 low-limit 1000 high-limit 1500 discard-probability 3

[Device-wred-table-droppolicy] queue 6 drop-level 2 low-limit 500 high-limit 1000 discard-probability 30

[Device-wred-table-droppolicy] queue 4 drop-level 1 low-limit 1000 high-limit 1500 discard-probability 2

[Device-wred-table-droppolicy] queue 4 drop-level 2 low-limit 500 high-limit 1000 discard-probability 20

[Device-wred-table-droppolicy] queue 1 drop-level 1 low-limit 1000 high-limit 1500 discard-probability 1

[Device-wred-table-droppolicy] queue 1 drop-level 2 low-limit 500 high-limit 1000 discard-probability 10

[Device-wred-table-droppolicy] quit

# Apply the WRED table to interfaces Ten-GigabitEthernet 1/0/1 and Ten-GigabitEthernet 1/0/2.

[Device] interface ten-gigabitethernet 1/0/1

[Device-Ten-GigabitEthernet1/0/1] qos wred apply droppolicy

[Device-Ten-GigabitEthernet1/0/1] quit

[Device] interface ten-gigabitethernet 1/0/2

[Device-Ten-GigabitEthernet1/0/2] qos wred apply droppolicy

[Device-Ten-GigabitEthernet1/0/2] quit

Verifying the configuration

# Verify the WRR configuration on interfaces Ten-GigabitEthernet 1/0/1 and Ten-GigabitEthernet 1/0/2.

[Device] display qos queue wrr interface

Interface: display qos queue wrr interface

Interface: Ten-GigabitEthernet1/0/1

 Output queue: Weighted Round Robin queuing

 Queue ID     Queue name     Group     Weight

 ---------------------------------------------------

 0            be             1         1

 1            af1            1         2

 2            af2            1         3

 3            af3            1         4

 4            af4            1         2

 5            ef             1         6

 6            cs6            1         1

 7            cs7            1         8

Interface: Ten-GigabitEthernet1/0/2

 Output queue: Weighted Round Robin queuing

 Queue ID     Queue name     Group     Weight

 ---------------------------------------------------

 0            be             1         1

 1            af1            1         2

 2            af2            1         3

 3            af3            1         4

 4            af4            1         2

 5            ef             1         6

 6            cs6            1         1

 7            cs7            1         8

# Display the WRED information for interfaces Ten-GigabitEthernet 1/0/1 and Ten-GigabitEthernet 1/0/2.

[Device] display qos wred interface

Interface: Ten-GigabitEthernet1/0/1

 Current WRED configuration:

 Applied WRED table name: droppolicy

 

Interface: Ten-GigabitEthernet1/0/2

 Current WRED configuration:

 Applied WRED table name: droppolicy

# Display the WRED table configuration.

[Device] display qos wred table

Table name: droppolicy

Table type: Queue based WRED

QID   gmin  gmax  gprob  ymin  ymax  yprob  rmin  rmax  rprob  exponent  ECN

----------------------------------------------------------------------------

0     100   1000  10     100   1000  10     100   1000  10     9         N

1     100   1000  10     1000  1500  1      500   1000  10     9         N

2     100   1000  10     100   1000  10     100   1000  10     9         N

3     100   1000  10     100   1000  10     100   1000  10     9         N

4     100   1000  10     1000  1500  2      500   1000  20     9         N

5     100   1000  10     100   1000  10     100   1000  10     9         N

6     100   1000  10     1000  1500  3      500   1000  30     9         N

7     100   1000  10     100   1000  10     100   1000  10     9         N

Configuration files

#

vlan 1

#

vlan 2

#

vlan 4

#

vlan 6

#

qos wred queue table droppolicy

 queue 1 drop-level 1 low-limit 1000 high-limit 1500 discard-probability 1

 queue 1 drop-level 2 low-limit 500 high-limit 1000 discard-probability 10

 queue 4 drop-level 1 low-limit 1000 high-limit 1500 discard-probability 2

 queue 4 drop-level 2 low-limit 500 high-limit 1000 discard-probability 20

 queue 6 drop-level 1 low-limit 1000 high-limit 1500 discard-probability 3

 queue 6 drop-level 2 low-limit 500 high-limit 1000 discard-probability 30

#

interface Ten-GigabitEthernet1/0/1

 port link-mode bridge

 port link-type trunk

 port trunk permit vlan 1 to 2 4 6

 qos wrr weight

 qos wrr af1 group 1 weight 2

 qos wrr af4 group 1 weight 2

 qos wrr cs6 group 1 weight 1

 qos wred apply droppolicy

#

interface Ten-GigabitEthernet1/0/2

 port link-mode bridge

 port link-type trunk

 port trunk permit vlan 1 to 2 4 6

 qos wrr weight

 qos wrr af1 group 1 weight 2

 qos wrr af4 group 1 weight 2

 qos wrr cs6 group 1 weight 1

 qos wred apply droppolicy

#

interface Ten-GigabitEthernet1/0/3

 port link-mode bridge

 port link-type trunk

 port trunk permit vlan 1 to 2 4 6

#

return

Related documentation

·          H3C S7500E  Switch Series ACL and QoS Configuration Guide-R757X

·          H3C S7500E  Switch Series ACL and QoS Command Reference-R757X