05-Layer 3 - IP Routing Configuration Examples

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02-H3C_BGP_Route_Selection_Configuration_Examples

H3C BGP Route Selection Configuration Examples

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Software version: Release 7577P04

Document version: 6W100-20190330

 

Copyright © 2019 New H3C Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

No part of this manual may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means without prior written consent of New H3C Technologies Co., Ltd.

Except for the trademarks of New H3C Technologies Co., Ltd., any trademarks that may be mentioned in this document are the property of their respective owners.

The information in this document is subject to change without notice.

 



Introduction

This document provides examples for configuring BGP route selection based on route attributes.

Prerequisites

The configuration examples in this document were created and verified in a lab environment, and all the devices were started with the factory default configuration. When you are working on a live network, make sure you understand the potential impact of every command on your network.

This document assumes that you have basic knowledge of BGP and routing policy.

Example: Configuring route selection based on the AS_PATH attribute

Network configuration

As shown in Figure 1, all devices run BGP. Configure a routing policy on Device B and Device C to meet the following requirements:

·          Traffic from AS 100 to AS 200 is preferentially forwarded by Device D.

·          Traffic from AS 100 to AS 300 is preferentially forwarded by Device E.

·          Traffic from AS 100 to AS 400 is preferentially forwarded by Device D.

Figure 1 Network diagram

 

 

Analysis

For devices in AS 100 to select the optimal route based on AS numbers, increase the local preference for routes whose AS_PATH attributes end with the specified AS number.

·          Configure a routing policy on Device B to set the local preference to 300 for routes whose AS_PATH attributes end with AS number 200 or 400.

·          Configure a routing policy on Device C to set the local preference to 200 for routes whose AS_PATH attributes end with AS number 300.

To filter routes based on AS numbers, use an AS path list.

Procedures

Configuring IP addresses for interfaces

# Configure an IP address for the interface VLAN-interface 12 on Device A.

<DeviceA> system-view

[DeviceA] interface Vlan-interface 12

[DeviceA-Vlan-interface12] ip address 12.12.12.1 24

[DeviceA-Vlan-interface12] quit

# Configure IP addresses for other interfaces as shown in Figure 1. (Details not shown.)

Configuring BGP connections

# On Device A, enable the default BGP instance, set the AS number to 100, and specify 12.12.12.2 and 13.13.13.3 as BGP peers.

[DeviceA] bgp 100

[DeviceA-bgp-default] router-id 1.1.1.1

[DeviceA-bgp-default] peer 12.12.12.2 as-number 100

[DeviceA-bgp-default] peer 13.13.13.3 as-number 100

[DeviceA-bgp-default] address-family ipv4 unicast

[DeviceA-bgp-default-ipv4] peer 12.12.12.2 enable

[DeviceA-bgp-default-ipv4] peer 13.13.13.3 enable

[DeviceA-bgp-default-ipv4] quit

[DeviceA-bgp-default] quit

# On Device B, enable the default BGP instance, set the AS number to 100, specify 12.12.12.1 and 24.24.24.4 as BGP peers, and redistribute direct routes.

[DeviceB] bgp 100

[DeviceB-bgp-default] router-id 2.2.2.2

[DeviceB-bgp-default] peer 12.12.12.1 as-number 100

[DeviceB-bgp-default] peer 24.24.24.4 as-number 200

[DeviceB-bgp-default] address-family ipv4 unicast

[DeviceB-bgp-default-ipv4] peer 12.12.12.1 enable

[DeviceB-bgp-default-ipv4] peer 24.24.24.4 enable

[DeviceB-bgp-default-ipv4] import-route direct

[DeviceB-bgp-default-ipv4] quit

[DeviceB-bgp-default] quit

# On Device C, enable the default BGP instance, set the AS number to 100, specify 13.13.13.1 and 35.35.35.5 as BGP peers, and redistribute direct routes.

[DeviceC] bgp 100

[DeviceC-bgp-default] router-id 3.3.3.3

[DeviceC-bgp-default] peer 13.13.13.1 as-number 100

[DeviceC-bgp-default] peer 35.35.35.5 as-number 300

[DeviceC-bgp-default] address-family ipv4 unicast

[DeviceC-bgp-default-ipv4] peer 13.13.13.1 enable

[DeviceC-bgp-default-ipv4] peer 35.35.35.5 enable

[DeviceC-bgp-default-ipv4] import-route direct

[DeviceC-bgp-default-ipv4] quit

[DeviceC-bgp-default] quit

# On Device D, enable the default BGP instance, set the AS number to 200, specify 24.24.24.2 and 46.46.46.6 as BGP peers, and advertise the route 4.4.4.4/32.

[DeviceD] bgp 200

[DeviceD-bgp-default] router-id 4.4.4.4

[DeviceD-bgp-default] peer 24.24.24.2 as-number 100

[DeviceD-bgp-default] peer 46.46.46.6 as-number 400

[DeviceD-bgp-default] address-family ipv4 unicast

[DeviceD-bgp-default-ipv4] peer 24.24.24.2 enable

[DeviceD-bgp-default-ipv4] peer 46.46.46.6 enable

[DeviceD-bgp-default-ipv4] network 4.4.4.4 32

[DeviceD-bgp-default-ipv4] quit

[DeviceD-bgp-default] quit

# On Device E, enable the default BGP instance, set the AS number to 300, specify 35.35.35.3 and 56.56.56.6 as BGP peers, and advertise the route 5.5.5.5/32.

[DeviceE] bgp 300

[DeviceE-bgp-default] router-id 5.5.5.5

[DeviceE-bgp-default] peer 35.35.35.3 as-number 100

[DeviceE-bgp-default] peer 56.56.56.6 as-number 400

[DeviceE-bgp-default] address-family ipv4 unicast

[DeviceE-bgp-default-ipv4] peer 35.35.35.3 enable

[DeviceE-bgp-default-ipv4] peer 56.56.56.6 enable

[DeviceE-bgp-default-ipv4] network 5.5.5.5 32

[DeviceE-bgp-default-ipv4] quit

[DeviceE-bgp-default] quit

# On Device F, enable the default BGP instance, set the AS number to 400, specify 46.46.46.4 and 56.56.56.5 as BGP peers, and advertise the route 6.6.6.6/32.

[DeviceF] bgp 400

[DeviceF-bgp-default] router-id 6.6.6.6

[DeviceF-bgp-default] peer 46.46.46.4 as-number 200

[DeviceF-bgp-default] peer 56.56.56.5 as-number 300

[DeviceF-bgp-default] address-family ipv4 unicast

[DeviceF-bgp-default-ipv4] peer 46.46.46.4  enable

[DeviceF-bgp-default-ipv4] peer 56.56.56.5 enable

[DeviceF-bgp-default-ipv4] network 6.6.6.6 32

[DeviceF-bgp-default-ipv4] quit

[DeviceF-bgp-default] quit

# Display the BGP routing table on Device A. The output shows the routes advertised by Device D, Device E, and Device F, and the AS_PATH attributes of the routes.

[DeviceA] display bgp routing-table ipv4

 

Total number of routes: 12

 

 BGP local router ID is 1.1.1.1

 Status codes: * - valid, > - best, d - dampened, h - history,

               s - suppressed, S - stale, i - internal, e - external

       Origin: i - IGP, e - EGP, ? - incomplete

 

     Network            NextHop         MED        LocPrf     PrefVal Path/Ogn

 

* >i 2.2.2.2/32         12.12.12.2      0          100        0       ?

* >i 3.3.3.3/32         13.13.13.3      0          100        0       ?

* >i 4.4.4.4/32         24.24.24.4      0          100        0       200i

*  i                    35.35.35.5                 100        0       300 400

                                                                      200i

* >i 5.5.5.5/32         35.35.35.5      0          100        0       300i

*  i                    24.24.24.4                 100        0       200 400

                                                                      300i

* >i 6.6.6.6/32         24.24.24.4                 100        0       200 400i

*  i                    35.35.35.5                 100        0       300 400i

* >i 12.12.12.0/24      12.12.12.2      0          100        0       ?

* >i 13.13.13.0/24      13.13.13.3      0          100        0       ?

* >i 24.24.24.0/24      12.12.12.2      0          100        0       ?

* >i 35.35.35.0/24      13.13.13.3      0          100        0       ?

Configuring routing policies

# Create routing policy aspath on Device B, and set the local preference to 300 for routes whose AS_PATH attributes end with AS number 200 or 400.

[DeviceB] ip as-path 1 permit 200$

[DeviceB] ip as-path 1 permit 400$

[DeviceB] route-policy aspath permit node 10

[DeviceB-route-policy-aspath-10] if-match as-path 1

[DeviceB-route-policy-aspath-10] apply local-preference 300

[DeviceB-route-policy-aspath-10] quit

# Apply routing policy aspath to routes from the peer 24.24.24.4.

[DeviceB] bgp 100

[DeviceB-bgp-default] address-family ipv4

[DeviceB-bgp-default-ipv4] peer 24.24.24.4 route-policy aspath import

# Create routing policy aspath on Device C, and set the local preference to 200 for routes whose AS_PATH attributes end with AS number 300.

[DeviceC] ip as-path 1 permit 300$

[DeviceC] route-policy aspath permit node 20

[DeviceC-route-policy-aspath-20] if-match as-path 1

[DeviceC-route-policy-aspath-20] apply local-preference 200

[DeviceC-route-policy-aspath-20] quit

# Apply routing policy aspath to routes from the peer 35.35.35.5.

[DeviceC] bgp 100

[DeviceC-bgp-default] address-family ipv4

[DeviceC-bgp-default-ipv4] peer 35.35.35.5 route-policy aspath import

Verifying the configuration

# Display the BGP routing table on Device A. The output shows the following:

·          The local preference of routes whose AS_PATH attributes end with AS number 200 or 400 changes to 300.

·          The local preference of routes whose AS_PATH attributes end with AS number 300 changes to 200.

[DeviceA] display bgp routing-table ipv4

 

Total number of routes: 11

 

 BGP local router ID is 1.1.1.1

 Status codes: * - valid, > - best, d - dampened, h - history,

               s - suppressed, S - stale, i - internal, e - external

       Origin: i - IGP, e - EGP, ? - incomplete

 

     Network            NextHop         MED        LocPrf     PrefVal Path/Ogn

 

* >i 2.2.2.2/32         12.12.12.2      0          100        0       ?

* >i 3.3.3.3/32         13.13.13.3      0          100        0       ?

* >i 4.4.4.4/32         24.24.24.4      0          300        0       200i

* >i 5.5.5.5/32         35.35.35.5      0          200        0       300i

* >i 6.6.6.6/32         24.24.24.4                 300        0       200 400i

* >i 12.12.12.0/24      12.12.12.2      0          100        0       ?

* >i 13.13.13.0/24      13.13.13.3      0          100        0       ?

* >i 24.24.24.0/24      12.12.12.2      0          100        0       ?

* >i 35.35.35.0/24      13.13.13.3      0          100        0       ?

# Verify that packets from Device A to 6.6.6.6 are forwarded by Device D.

[DeviceA] tracert 6.6.6.6

traceroute to 6.6.6.6 (6.6.6.6), 30 hops at most, 52 bytes each packet, press CT

RL_C to break

 1  12.12.12.2 (12.12.12.2)  2.417 ms  1.887 ms  1.773 ms

 2  24.24.24.4 (24.24.24.4)  4.057 ms  2.293 ms  2.739 ms

 3  6.6.6.6 (6.6.6.6)  5.145 ms  4.205 ms  4.402 ms

Configuration files

·          Device A:

#

vlan 12

#

vlan 13

#

interface LoopBack0

 ip address 1.1.1.1 255.255.255.255

#

interface Vlan-interface12

 ip address 12.12.12.1 255.255.255.0

#

interface Vlan-interface13

 ip address 13.13.13.1 255.255.255.0

#

bgp 100

 router-id 1.1.1.1

 peer 12.12.12.2 as-number 100

 peer 13.13.13.3 as-number 100

 #

 address-family ipv4 unicast

  peer 12.12.12.2 enable

  peer 13.13.13.3 enable

#

·          Device B:

#

vlan 12

#

vlan 24

#

interface LoopBack0

 ip address 2.2.2.2 255.255.255.255

#

interface Vlan-interface12

 ip address 12.12.12.2 255.255.255.0

#

interface Vlan-interface24

 ip address 24.24.24.2 255.255.255.0

#

bgp 100

 router-id 2.2.2.2

 peer 12.12.12.1 as-number 100

 peer 24.24.24.4 as-number 200

 #

 address-family ipv4 unicast

  import-route direct

  peer 12.12.12.1 enable

  peer 24.24.24.4 enable

  peer 24.24.24.4 route-policy aspath import

#

route-policy aspath permit node 10

 if-match as-path 1

 apply local-preference 300

#

 ip as-path 1 permit 200$

 ip as-path 1 permit 400$

#

·          Device C:

#

vlan 13

#

vlan 35

#

interface LoopBack0

 ip address 3.3.3.3 255.255.255.255

#

interface Vlan-interface13

 ip address 13.13.13.3 255.255.255.0

#

interface Vlan-interface35

 ip address 35.35.35.3 255.255.255.0

#

bgp 100

 router-id 3.3.3.3

 peer 13.13.13.1 as-number 100

 peer 35.35.35.5 as-number 300

 #

 address-family ipv4 unicast

  import-route direct

  peer 13.13.13.1 enable

  peer 35.35.35.5 enable

  peer 35.35.35.5 route-policy aspath import

#

route-policy aspath permit node 20

 if-match as-path 1

 apply local-preference 200

#

 ip as-path 1 permit 300$

#

·          Device D:

#

vlan 24

#

vlan 46

#

interface LoopBack0

 ip address 4.4.4.4 255.255.255.255

#

interface Vlan-interface24

 ip address 24.24.24.4 255.255.255.0

#

interface Vlan-interface46

 ip address 46.46.46.4 255.255.255.0

#

bgp 200

 router-id 4.4.4.4

 peer 24.24.24.2 as-number 100

 peer 46.46.46.6 as-number 400

 #

 address-family ipv4 unicast

  network 4.4.4.4 255.255.255.255

  peer 24.24.24.2 enable

  peer 46.46.46.6 enable

#

·          Device E:

#

vlan 35

#

vlan 56

#

interface LoopBack0

 ip address 5.5.5.5 255.255.255.255

#

interface Vlan-interface35

 ip address 35.35.35.5 255.255.255.0

#

interface Vlan-interface56

 ip address 56.56.56.5 255.255.255.0

#

bgp 300

 router-id 5.5.5.5

 peer 35.35.35.3 as-number 100

 peer 56.56.56.6 as-number 400

 #

 address-family ipv4 unicast

  network 5.5.5.5 255.255.255.255

  peer 35.35.35.3 enable

  peer 56.56.56.6 enable

#

·          Device F:

#

vlan 46

#

vlan 56

#

interface LoopBack0

 ip address 6.6.6.6 255.255.255.255

#

interface Vlan-interface46

 ip address 46.46.46.6 255.255.255.0

#

interface Vlan-interface56

 ip address 56.56.56.6 255.255.255.0

#

bgp 400

 router-id 6.6.6.6

 peer 46.46.46.4 as-number 200

 peer 56.56.56.5 as-number 300

 #

 address-family ipv4 unicast

  network 6.6.6.6 255.255.255.255

  peer 46.46.46.4 enable

  peer 56.56.56.5 enable

#

Example: Configuring route selection based on the MED attribute

Network configuration

As shown in Figure 2, all devices run BGP. EBGP runs between Device A and Device B, and between Device A and Device C. IBGP runs between Device B and Device C.

Configure a routing policy to ensure that traffic from AS 100 to AS 200 is preferentially forwarded by Device C. Before you configure the routing policy, the traffic is preferentially forwarded by Device B.

Figure 2 Network diagram

 

 

Analysis

To ensure that the traffic is preferentially forwarded by Device C, configure a routing policy on Device B to change the MED value for the route to Device A. Make sure the MED value is not the default MED value 0.

Procedures

Configuring basic BGP

# Configure an IP address for the interface VLAN-interface 12 on Device A.

<DeviceA> system-view

[DeviceA] interface Vlan-interface 12

[DeviceA-Vlan-interface12] ip address 12.12.12.1 24

[DeviceA-Vlan-interface12] quit

# Configure IP addresses for other interfaces as shown in Figure 2. (Details not shown.)

# On Device A, enable the default BGP instance, set the AS number to 100, and specify 12.12.12.2 and 13.13.13.3 as BGP peers.

[DeviceA] bgp 100

[DeviceA-bgp-default] router-id 1.1.1.1

[DeviceA-bgp-default] peer 12.12.12.2 as-number 200

[DeviceA-bgp-default] peer 13.13.13.3 as-number 200

[DeviceA-bgp-default] address-family ipv4 unicast

[DeviceA-bgp-default-ipv4] peer 12.12.12.2 enable

[DeviceA-bgp-default-ipv4] peer 13.13.13.3 enable

[DeviceA-bgp-default-ipv4] quit

[DeviceA-bgp-default] quit

# On Device B, enable the default BGP instance, set the AS number to 200, and specify 12.12.12.1 and 3.3.3.3 as BGP peers.

[DeviceB] bgp 200

[DeviceB-bgp-default] router-id 2.2.2.2

[DeviceB-bgp-default] peer 12.12.12.1 as-number 100

[DeviceB-bgp-default] peer 3.3.3.3 as-number 200

[DeviceB-bgp-default] peer 3.3.3.3 connect-interface LoopBack0

[DeviceB-bgp-default] address-family ipv4 unicast

[DeviceB-bgp-default-ipv4] peer 12.12.12.1 enable

[DeviceB-bgp-default-ipv4] peer 3.3.3.3 enable

[DeviceB-bgp-default-ipv4] network 23.23.23.0 24

[DeviceB-bgp-default-ipv4] quit

[DeviceB-bgp-default] quit

# Configure a static route to 3.3.3.3/32 on Device B.

[DeviceB] ip route-static 3.3.3.3 32 23.23.23.3

# On Device C, enable the default BGP instance, set the AS number to 200, and specify 13.13.13.1 and 2.2.2.2 as BGP peers.

[DeviceC] bgp 200

[DeviceC-bgp-default] router-id 3.3.3.3

[DeviceC-bgp-default] peer 13.13.13.1 as-number 100

[DeviceC-bgp-default] peer 2.2.2.2 as-number 200

[DeviceC-bgp-default] peer 2.2.2.2 connect-interface LoopBack0

[DeviceC-bgp-default] address-family ipv4 unicast

[DeviceC-bgp-default-ipv4] peer 13.13.13.1 enable

[DeviceC-bgp-default-ipv4] peer 2.2.2.2 enable

[DeviceC-bgp-default-ipv4] network 23.23.23.0 24

[DeviceC-bgp-default-ipv4] quit

[DeviceC-bgp-default] quit

# Configure a static route to 2.2.2.2/32 on Device C.

[DeviceC] ip route-static 2.2.2.2 32 23.23.23.2

# Display the BGP routing table on Device A. The output shows that the route with the next hop 12.12.12.2 becomes the optimal route to the network 23.23.23.0/24.

[DeviceA] display bgp routing-table ipv4

 

 Total number of routes: 2

 

 BGP local router ID is 1.1.1.1

 Status codes: * - valid, > - best, d - dampened, h - history,

               s - suppressed, S - stale, i - internal, e - external

       Origin: i - IGP, e - EGP, ? - incomplete

 

     Network            NextHop         MED        LocPrf     PrefVal Path/Ogn

 

* >e 23.23.23.0/24      12.12.12.2      0                     0       200i

*  e                    13.13.13.3      0                     0       200i

Configuring a routing policy

# Create routing policy 10 on Device B and set the cost to 100.

[DeviceB] route-policy 10 permit node 10

[DeviceB-route-policy-10-10] apply cost 100

[DeviceB-route-policy-10-10] quit

# Apply routing policy 10 to routes to the peer 12.12.12.1.

[DeviceB] bgp 200

[DeviceB-bgp-default] address-family ipv4 unicast

[DeviceB-bgp-default-ipv4] peer 12.12.12.1 route-policy 10 export

[DeviceB-bgp-default-ipv4] quit

[DeviceB-bgp-default] quit

Verifying the configuration

# Display the BGP routing table on Device A. The output shows that the MED value for the route with the next hop 12.12.12.2 changes to 100, and the route with the next hop 13.13.13.3 becomes the optimal route.

[DeviceA] display bgp routing-table ipv4

 

 Total number of routes: 2

 

 BGP local router ID is 1.1.1.1

 Status codes: * - valid, > - best, d - dampened, h - history,

               s - suppressed, S - stale, i - internal, e - external

       Origin: i - IGP, e - EGP, ? - incomplete

 

     Network            NextHop         MED        LocPrf     PrefVal Path/Ogn

 

* >e 23.23.23.0/24      13.13.13.3      0                     0       200i

*  e                    12.12.12.2      100                   0       200i

Configuration files

·          Device A:

#

vlan 12

#

vlan 13

#

interface LoopBack0

 ip address 1.1.1.1 255.255.255.255

#

interface Vlan-interface12

 ip address 12.12.12.1 255.255.255.0

#

interface Vlan-interface13

 ip address 13.13.13.1 255.255.255.0

#

bgp 100

 router-id 1.1.1.1

 peer 12.12.12.2 as-number 200

 peer 13.13.13.3 as-number 200

 #

 address-family ipv4 unicast

  peer 12.12.12.2 enable

  peer 13.13.13.3 enable

#

·          Device B:

#

vlan 12

#

vlan 23

#

interface LoopBack0

 ip address 2.2.2.2 255.255.255.255

#

interface Vlan-interface12

 ip address 12.12.12.2 255.255.255.0

#

interface Vlan-interface23

 ip address 23.23.23.2 255.255.255.0

#

bgp 200

 router-id 2.2.2.2

 peer 3.3.3.3 as-number 200

 peer 3.3.3.3 connect-interface LoopBack0

 peer 12.12.12.1 as-number 100

 #

 address-family ipv4 unicast

  network 23.23.23.0 255.255.255.0

  peer 3.3.3.3 enable

  peer 12.12.12.1 enable

  peer 12.12.12.1 route-policy 10 export

#

route-policy 10 permit node 10

 apply cost 100

#

 ip route-static 3.3.3.3 32 23.23.23.3

#

·          Device C:

#

vlan 13

#

vlan 23

#

interface LoopBack0

 ip address 3.3.3.3 255.255.255.255

#

interface Vlan-interface13

 ip address 13.13.13.3 255.255.255.0

#

interface Vlan-interface23

 ip address 23.23.23.3 255.255.255.0

#

bgp 200

 router-id 3.3.3.3

 peer 2.2.2.2 as-number 200

 peer 2.2.2.2 connect-interface LoopBack0

 peer 13.13.13.1 as-number 100

 #

 address-family ipv4 unicast

  network 23.23.23.0 255.255.255.0

  peer 2.2.2.2 enable

  peer 13.13.13.1 enable

#

 ip route-static 2.2.2.2 32 23.23.23.2

#

Related documentation

·          H3C S7500E Switch Series Layer 3IP Routing Command Reference-R757X

·          H3C S7500E Switch Series Layer 3IP Routing Configuration Guide-R757X