04-Layer 3—IP Services Command Reference

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02-IP addressing commands
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IP addressing commands

The IP addresses in this chapter refer to IPv4 addresses unless otherwise specified.

The term "interface" in this chapter refers to VLAN interfaces.

display ip interface

Use display ip interface to display IP configuration and statistics for the specified Layer 3 interface or all Layer 3 interfaces.

Syntax

display ip interface [ interface-type interface-number ]

Views

Any view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

network-operator

Parameters

interface-type interface-number: Specifies an interface by its type and number.

Usage guidelines

Use the display ip interface command to display IP configuration and statistics for the specified Layer 3 interface. The statistics include the following information:

·     The number of unicast packets, bytes, and multicast packets the interface has sent and received.

·     The number of TTL-invalid packets and ICMP packets the interface has received.

The packet statistics helps you locate a possible attack on the network.

If you do not specify an interface, the command displays information about all Layer 3 interfaces.

Examples

# Display IP configuration and statistics for VLAN-interface 10.

<Sysname> display ip interface vlan-interface 10

Vlan-interface10 current state : DOWN

Line protocol current state : DOWN

Internet Address is 1.1.1.1/8 Primary

Broadcast address : 1.255.255.255

The Maximum Transmit Unit : 1500 bytes

input packets : 0, bytes : 0, multicasts : 0

output packets : 0, bytes : 0, multicasts : 0

TTL invalid packet number:         0

ICMP packet input number:          0

  Echo reply:                      0

  Unreachable:                     0

  Source quench:                   0

  Routing redirect:                0

  Echo request:                    0

  Router advert:                   0

  Router solicit:                  0

  Time exceed:                     0

  IP header bad:                   0

  Timestamp request:               0

  Timestamp reply:                 0

  Information request:             0

  Information reply:               0

  Netmask request:                 0

  Netmask reply:                   0

  Unknown type:                    0

Table 1 Command output

Field

Description

current state

Current physical state of the interface:

·     Administrative DOWN—The interface is shut down with the shutdown command.

·     DOWN—The interface is administratively up but its physical state is down, which might be caused by a connection or link failure.

·     UP—Both the administrative and physical states of the interface are up.

Line protocol current state

Current state of the link layer protocol:

·     DOWN—The protocol state of the interface is down.

·     UP—The protocol state of the interface is up.

·     UP (spoofing)—The protocol state of the interface pretends to be up. However, no corresponding link is present, or the corresponding link is not present permanently but is established as needed.

Internet Address

IP address of an interface followed by:

·     Primary—A primary IP address.

·     Sub—A secondary IP address.

·     DHCP-Allocated—An IP address obtained through DHCP.

·     BOOTP-Allocated—An IP address obtained through BOOTP.

·     Cluster—A cluster IP address.

·     Mad—A MAD IP address.

·     IRF-Member—IP address of the management Ethernet port of an IRF member device.

Broadcast address

Broadcast address of the subnet attached to an interface.

The Maximum Transmit Unit

Maximum transmission units on the interface, in bytes.

input packets, bytes, multicasts

output packets, bytes, multicasts

Unicast packets, bytes, and multicast packets received on an interface (statistics start at the device startup).

TTL invalid packet number

Number of TTL-invalid packets received on the interface (statistics start at the device startup).

ICMP packet input number:

  Echo reply:

  Unreachable:

  Source quench:

  Routing redirect:

  Echo request:

  Router advert:

  Router solicit:

  Time exceed:

  IP header bad:

  Timestamp request:

  Timestamp reply:

  Information request:

  Information reply:

  Netmask request:

  Netmask reply:

  Unknown type:

Total number of ICMP packets received on the interface (statistics start at the device startup):

·     Echo reply packets.

·     Unreachable packets.

·     Source quench packets.

·     Routing redirect packets.

·     Echo request packets.

·     Router advertisement packets.

·     Router solicitation packets.

·     Time exceeded packets.

·     IP header bad packets.

·     Timestamp request packets.

·     Timestamp reply packets.

·     Information request packets.

·     Information reply packets.

·     Netmask request packets.

·     Netmask reply packets.

·     Unknown type packets.

 

Related commands

·     display ip interface brief

·     ip address

display ip interface brief

Use display ip interface brief to display brief IP configuration information for the specified Layer 3 interface or all Layer 3 interfaces.

Syntax

display ip interface [ interface-type [ interface-number ] ] brief

Views

Any view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

network-operator

Parameters

interface-type: Specifies the interface type.

interface-number: Specifies the interface number.

Usage guidelines

Use the display ip interface brief command to display brief IP configuration information, including the state, IP address, and description of the physical and link layer protocols, for the specified Layer 3 interface or all Layer 3 interfaces.

If you do not specify the interface type and interface number, the command displays the brief IP configuration information for all Layer 3 interfaces.

If you specify only the interface type, the command displays the brief IP configuration information for all Layer 3 interfaces of the specified type.

If you specify both the interface type and interface number, the command displays the brief IP configuration information for the specified interface.

Examples

# Display brief IP configuration information for VLAN interfaces.

<Sysname> display ip interface vlan-interface brief

*down: administratively down                                                   

(s): spoofing (l): loopback

Interface                     Physical Protocol IP Address      Description    

Vlan10                        down     down     6.6.6.1         Vlan-inte...   

Vlan2                         down     down     7.7.7.1         Vlan-inte...

Table 2 Command output

Field

Description

*down: administratively down

The interface is administratively shut down with the shutdown command.

(s) : spoofing

Spoofing attribute of the interface. It indicates that an interface might have no link present even when its link layer protocol is up or the link is established only on demand.

Interface

Interface name.

Physical

Physical state of the interface:

·     *down—The interface is administratively shut down with the shutdown command.

·     down—The interface is administratively up but its physical state is down (possibly because of poor connection or line failure).

·     up—Both the administrative and physical states of the interface are up.

Protocol

Link layer protocol state of the interface:

·     down—The protocol state of the interface is down (typically when no IP address is configured for the interface).

·     up—The protocol state of the interface is up.

·     up(s)—The protocol state of the interface is up (spoofing).

IP Address

IP address of the interface. If no IP address is configured, unassigned is displayed.

Description

Interface description information.

A maximum of 12 characters can be displayed. If there are more than 12 characters, only the first 9 characters are displayed.

 

Related commands

·     display ip interface

·     ip address

ip address

Use ip address to assign an IP address to the interface.

Use undo ip address to remove the IP address from the interface.

Syntax

ip address ip-address { mask-length | mask } [ irf-member member-id | sub ]

undo ip address [ ip-address { mask-length | mask } [ irf-member member-id | sub ] ]

Default

No IP address is assigned to an interface.

Views

Interface view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

Parameters

ip-address: Specifies the IP address of the interface, in dotted decimal notation.

mask-length: Specifies the subnet mask length in the range of 1 to 31. For a loopback interface, the value range is 1 to 32.

mask: Specifies the subnet mask in dotted decimal notation.

irf-member member-id: Assigns an IP address to the management Ethernet port of the specified IRF member device. The member-id argument specifies an IRF member device by its member ID in the range of 1 to 10.

sub: Assigns a secondary IP address to the interface.

Usage guidelines

Use the command to configure a primary IP address for an interface. If the interface connects to multiple subnets, configure primary and secondary IP addresses on the interface so the subnets can communicate with each other through the interface.

An interface can have only one primary IP address. A newly configured primary IP address overwrites the previous address.

You cannot assign secondary IP addresses to an interface that obtains an IP address through BOOTP, DHCP, or IP unnumbered.

The undo ip address command removes all IP addresses from the interface. The undo ip address ip-address { mask | mask-length } command removes the primary IP address. The undo ip address ip-address { mask | mask-length } sub command removes a secondary IP address. Before removing the primary IP address, remove all secondary IP addresses.

The primary and secondary IP addresses you assign to the interface can be located on the same network segment, but different interfaces on your device must reside on different network segments.

The IP addresses assigned to the management Ethernet ports of all IRF member devices must be in the same subnet. In an IRF fabric, only the IP address assigned to the management Ethernet port of the master takes effect. Make sure no IP address conflict exists when you assign IP addresses to the management Ethernet ports of subordinates. The system does not warn of an IP address conflict because the IP addresses assigned to the management Ethernet ports of subordinates do not take effect. After an IRF fabric split, the IP addresses assigned to the management Ethernet ports of the new masters (original subordinates) take effect.

Examples

# Assign VLAN-interface 10 a primary IP address 129.12.0.1 and a secondary IP address 202.38.160.1, with subnet masks both 255.255.255.0.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] interface vlan-interface 10

[Sysname-Vlan-interface10] ip address 129.12.0.1 255.255.255.0

[Sysname-Vlan-interface10] ip address 202.38.160.1 255.255.255.0 sub

Related commands

·     display ip interface

·     display ip interface brief