04-Layer 3-IP Routing Configuration Guide

HomeSupportResource CenterSwitchesS12500R SeriesS12500R SeriesTechnical DocumentsConfigure & DeployConfiguration GuidesH3C S12500R Switch Router Series Configuration Guides(R3606)-6W10004-Layer 3-IP Routing Configuration Guide
01-Basic IP routing configuration
Title Size Download
01-Basic IP routing configuration 178.66 KB

Configuring basic IP routing

This chapter focuses on unicast routing protocols. For more information about multicast routing protocols, see IP Multicast Configuration Guide.

About IP routing

IP routing directs IP packet forwarding on routers. Based on the destination IP address in the packet, a router looks up a route for the packet in a routing table and forwards the packet to the next hop. Routes are path information used to direct IP packets.

Routing table

A RIB contains the global routing information and related information, including route recursion, route redistribution, and route extension information. The router selects optimal routes from the routing table and puts them into the FIB table. It uses the FIB table to forward packets. For more information about the FIB table, see Layer 3—IP Services Configuration Guide.

Route categories

Table 1 categorizes routes by different criteria.

Table 1 Route categories

Criterion

Categories

Origin

·     Direct route—A direct route is discovered by the data link protocol on an interface, and is also called an interface route.

·     Static route—A static route is manually configured by an administrator.

·     Dynamic route—A dynamic route is dynamically discovered by a routing protocol.

Destination

·     Network route—The destination is a network. The subnet mask is less than 32 bits.

·     Host route—The destination is a host. The subnet mask is 32 bits.

Whether the destination is directly connected

·     Direct route—The destination is directly connected.

·     Indirect route—The destination is indirectly connected.

 

Dynamic routing protocols

Static routes work well in small, stable networks. They are easy to configure and require fewer system resources. However, in networks where topology changes occur frequently, a typical practice is to configure a dynamic routing protocol. Compared with static routing, a dynamic routing protocol is complicated to configure, requires more router resources, and consumes more network resources.

Dynamic routing protocols dynamically collect and report reachability information to adapt to topology changes. They are suitable for large networks.

Dynamic routing protocols can be classified by different criteria, as shown in Table 2.

Table 2 Categories of dynamic routing protocols

Criterion

Categories

Operation scope

·     IGPs—Work within an AS. Examples include RIP, OSPF, and IS-IS.

·     EGPs—Work between ASs. The most popular EGP is BGP.

Routing algorithm

·     Distance-vector protocols—Examples include RIP and BGP. BGP is also considered a path-vector protocol.

·     Link-state protocols—Examples include OSPF and IS-IS.

Destination address type

·     Unicast routing protocols—Examples include RIP, OSPF, BGP, and IS-IS.

·     Multicast routing protocols—Examples include PIM-SM and PIM-DM.

IP version

·     IPv4 routing protocols—Examples include RIP, OSPF, BGP, and IS-IS.

·     IPv6 routing protocols—Examples include RIPng, OSPFv3, IPv6 BGP, and IPv6 IS-IS.

 

An AS refers to a group of routers that use the same routing policy and work under the same administration.

Route preference

Routing protocols, including static and direct routing, each by default have a preference. If they find multiple routes to the same destination, the router selects the route with the highest preference as the optimal route.

The preference of a direct route is always 0 and cannot be changed. You can configure a preference for each static route and each dynamic routing protocol. The following table lists the route types and default preferences. The smaller the value, the higher the preference.

Table 3 Route types and default route preferences

Route type

Preference

Direct route

0

Multicast static route

1

OSPF

10

IS-IS

15

Unicast static route

60

RIP

100

OSPF ASE

150

OSPF NSSA

150

IBGP

255

EBGP

255

Unknown (route from an untrusted source)

256

 

Load sharing

A routing protocol might find multiple optimal equal-cost routes to the same destination. You can use these routes to implement equal-cost multi-path (ECMP) load sharing.

Static routing, IPv6 static routing, RIP, RIPng, OSPF, OSPFv3, BGP, IPv6 BGP, IS-IS, and IPv6 IS-IS support ECMP load sharing.

Route backup

Route backup can improve network availability. Among multiple routes to the same destination, the route with the highest priority is the primary route and others are secondary routes.

The router forwards matching packets through the primary route. When the primary route fails, the route with the highest preference among the secondary routes is selected to forward packets. When the primary route recovers, the router uses it to forward packets.

Route recursion

To use a BGP, static, or RIP route that has an indirectly connected next hop, a router must perform route recursion to find the output interface to reach the next hop.

Link-state routing protocols, such as OSPF and IS-IS, do not need route recursion, because they obtain directly connected next hops through route calculation.

The RIB records and saves route recursion information, including brief information about related routes, recursive paths, and recursion depth.

Route redistribution

Route redistribution enables routing protocols to learn routing information from each other. A dynamic routing protocol can redistribute routes from other routing protocols, including direct and static routing. For more information, see the respective chapters on those routing protocols in this configuration guide.

The RIB records redistribution relationships of routing protocols.

Extension attribute redistribution

Extension attribute redistribution enables routing protocols to learn route extension attributes from each other, including BGP extended community attributes, OSPF area IDs, route types, and router IDs.

The RIB records extended attributes of each routing protocol and redistribution relationships of different routing protocol extended attributes.

Setting the maximum lifetime for routes and labels in the RIB

About this task

Perform this task to prevent routes of a certain protocol from being aged out due to slow protocol convergence resulting from a large number of route entries or long GR period.

Restrictions and guidelines

The configuration takes effect at the next protocol or RIB process switchover.

Procedure (IPv4)

1.     Enter system view.

system-view

2.     Enter RIB view.

rib

3.     Create the RIB IPv4 address family and enter its view.

address-family ipv4

4.     Set the maximum lifetime for IPv4 routes and labels in the RIB.

protocol protocol [ instance instance-name ] lifetime seconds

By default, the maximum lifetime for routes and labels in the RIB is 900 seconds.

Procedure (IPv6)

1.     Enter system view.

system-view

2.     Enter RIB view.

rib

3.     Create the RIB IPv6 address family and enter its view.

address-family ipv6

4.     Set the maximum lifetime for IPv6 routes and labels in the RIB.

protocol protocol [ instance instance-name ] lifetime seconds

By default, the maximum lifetime for routes and labels in the RIB is 900 seconds.

Setting the maximum lifetime for routes in the FIB

About this task

When GR or NSR is disabled, FIB entries must be retained for some time after a protocol process switchover or RIB process switchover. When GR or NSR is enabled, FIB entries must be removed immediately after a protocol or RIB process switchover to avoid routing issues. Perform this task to meet such requirements.

Procedure (IPv4)

1.     Enter system view.

system-view

2.     Enter RIB view.

rib

3.     Create the RIB IPv4 address family and enter its view.

address-family ipv4

4.     Set the maximum lifetime for IPv4 routes in the FIB.

fib lifetime seconds

By default, the maximum lifetime for routes in the FIB is 600 seconds.

Procedure (IPv6)

1.     Enter system view.

system-view

2.     Enter RIB view.

rib

3.     Create the RIB IPv6 address family and enter its view.

address-family ipv6

4.     Set the maximum lifetime for IPv6 routes in the FIB.

fib lifetime seconds

By default, the maximum lifetime for routes in the FIB is 600 seconds.

Enabling the RIB to flush route attribute information to the FIB

1.     Enter system view.

system-view

2.     Enter RIB view.

rib

3.     Create the RIB IPv4 address family and enter its view.

address-family ipv4

4.     Enable the RIB to flush route attribute information to the FIB.

flush route-attribute protocol

By default, the RIB does not flush route attribute information to the FIB.

Enabling the enhanced ECMP mode

About this task

When one or multiple ECMP routes fail, the default ECMP mode enables the device to reallocate all traffic to the remaining routes.

The enhanced ECMP mode enables the device to reallocate only the traffic of the failed routes to the remaining routes, which ensures forwarding continuity.

Restrictions and guidelines

This configuration takes effect at reboot. Make sure the reboot does not impact your network.

This task applies to both IPv4 and IPv6 ECMP routes.

Procedure

1.     Enter system view.

system-view

2.     Enable the enhanced ECMP mode.

ecmp mode enhanced

By default, the enhanced ECMP mode is disabled.

Configuring RIB NSR

About this task

When an active/standby switchover occurs, nonstop routing (NSR) backs up routing information from the active process to the standby process to avoid routing flapping and ensure forwarding continuity.

RIB NSR provides faster route convergence than protocol NSR during an active/standby switchover.

Prerequisites

Use this feature with protocol GR or NSR to avoid route timeouts and traffic interruption.

Procedure (IPv4)

1.     Enter system view.

system-view

2.     Enter RIB view.

rib

3.     Create the RIB IPv4 address family and enter its view.

address-family ipv4

4.     Enable IPv4 RIB NSR.

non-stop-routing

By default, RIB NSR is disabled.

Procedure (IPv6)

1.     Enter system view.

system-view

2.     Enter RIB view.

rib

3.     Create the RIB IPv6 address family and enter its view.

address-family ipv6

4.     Enable IPv6 RIB NSR.

non-stop-routing

By default, RIB NSR is disabled.

Configuring inter-protocol FRR

About this task

Inter-protocol fast reroute (FRR) enables fast rerouting between routes of different protocols. A backup next hop is automatically selected to reduce the service interruption time caused by unreachable next hops. When the next hop of the primary link fails, the traffic is redirected to the backup next hop.

Among the routes to the same destination in the RIB, a router adds the route with the highest preference to the FIB table. For example, if a static route and an OSPF route in the RIB have the same destination, the router adds the OSPF route to the FIB table by default. The next hop of the static route is selected as the backup next hop for the OSPF route. When the next hop of the OSPF route is unreachable, the backup next hop is used.

Restrictions and guidelines

This feature uses the next hop of a route from a different protocol as the backup next hop, which might cause loops.

Procedure (IPv4)

1.     Enter system view.

system-view

2.     Enter RIB view.

rib

3.     Create the RIB IPv4 address family and enter its view.

address-family ipv4

4.     Enable IPv4 RIB inter-protocol FRR.

inter-protocol fast-reroute [ vpn-instance vpn-instance-name ]

By default, inter-protocol FRR is disabled.

If you do not specify a VPN instance, inter-protocol FRR is enabled for the public network.

Procedure (IPv6)

1.     Enter system view.

system-view

2.     Enter RIB view.

rib

3.     Create the RIB IPv6 address family and enter its view.

address-family ipv6

4.     Enable IPv6 RIB inter-protocol FRR.

inter-protocol fast-reroute [ vpn-instance vpn-instance-name ]

By default, inter-protocol FRR is disabled.

If you do not specify a VPN instance, inter-protocol FRR is enabled for the public network.

Configuring BFD for primary link availability detection

About this task

This feature uses BFD to detect the availability of the primary link for inter-protocol FRR or ECMP routes. When the primary link fails, this feature enables the upper layer routing protocol to reallocate service traffic to the backup links or to the remaining ECMP links.

For inter-protocol FRR, the primary link is the route with the highest preference among the routes to the same destination. If BFD detects that the next hop of the primary link is invalid, it notifies the FIB of the invalid next hop. The FIB will use the backup routes to guide traffic forwarding.

For ECMP routes of a routing protocol, the primary link is each ECMP route. If BFD detects that the next hop of an ECMP route is invalid, it notifies the routing protocol of the invalid next hop. The routing protocol will reallocate the service traffic to the remaining ECMP links. When BFD detects that the next hops of all ECMP routes are invalid, BFD notifies the routing protocol to withdraw the routes. In addition, the device reselects optimal routes for the service traffic.

For more information about BFD, see High Availability Configuration Guide.

Configuring BFD control packet mode

About this task

This mode uses BFD control packets to detect the status of a link bidirectionally at a millisecond level.

Restrictions and guidelines for BFD control packet mode

If you use BFD control packet mode at the local end, you must use this mode also at the peer end.

Procedure

1.     Enter system view.

system-view

2.     Enter RIB view.

rib

3.     Create RIB IPv4 or IPv6 address family view and enter the view.

IPv4:

address-family ipv4

IPv6:

address-family ipv6

4.     Enable BFD for primary link availability detection.

primary-path-detect bfd ctrl [ inter-protocol-frr | protocol-ecmp protocol ]

By default, BFD is disabled for primary link availability detection.

Configuring BFD echo packet mode

About this task

With BFD echo packet mode enabled, the output interface sends BFD echo packets to the destination device, and the device sends the packets back to test the link reachability.

Restrictions and guidelines

You do not need to configure BFD echo packet mode at the peer end.

Procedure

1.     Enter system view.

system-view

2.     Configure the source IP address of echo packets.

IPv4:

bfd echo-source-ip ip-address

By default, the source IPv4 address of echo packets is not configured.

To avoid network congestion caused by excessive ICMP redirect packets from the peer, make sure the source IPv4 address is not on the subnet of any interfaces on the device.

IPv6:

bfd echo-source-ipv6 ipv6-address

By default, the source IPv6 address of echo packets is not configured.

You must specify a global unicast address as the source IPv6 address of BFD echo packets.

For more information about the commands, see High Availability Command Reference.

3.     Enter RIB view.

rib

4.     Create RIB IPv4 or IPv6 address family view and enter the view.

IPv4:

address-family ipv4

IPv6:

address-family ipv6

5.     Enable BFD for primary link availability detection.

primary-path-detect bfd echo [ inter-protocol-frr | protocol-ecmp protocol ]

By default, BFD is disabled for primary link availability detection.

Configuring direct route-Track-VRRP collaboration

About this task

On a network where a VRRP group is used as the default gateway, upstream traffic is always forwarded through the master device in the VRRP group. The corresponding downstream traffic might take a different path because the route selection is determined by the configured dynamic routing protocol. The mismatching forwarding paths might cause the traffic to be blocked by firewalls (if configured), and increase the complexity and overhead for traffic monitoring and statistics collection operations.

You can resolve the issue by configuring direct route-Track-VRRP collaboration. The collaboration ensures that the upstream traffic and the corresponding downstream traffic are forwarded through matching paths (both through the master device in the VRRP group).

To configure direct route-Track-VRRP collaboration, perform the following tasks on each member device of the VRRP group:

1.     Create a track entry associated with the VRRP group member device so the track entry state changes according to the status of the device in the VRRP group.

¡     If the device state is Backup or Initialize, the track entry state changes to Negative.

¡     If the device state is Master, the track entry state changes to Positive.

¡     If the device state is Inactive or the VRRP group does not exist, the track entry state changes to NotReady.

2.     Associate the track entry with the direct route on the interface connected to the downstream device. The cost value of the direct route on the interface changes according to the status of the track entry.

¡     If the track entry does not exist or the track entry is in NotReady or Positive state, the cost of the direct route changes to 0.

¡     If the track entry is in Negative state, the cost of the direct route changes to the value configured by using the route-direct track command.

 

IMPORTANT

IMPORTANT:

The direct route that has a lower cost value is preferentially used.

 

3.     Enable direct route redistribution on the VRRP group member device for the dynamic routing protocol.

As shown in Figure 1, OSPF is configured on all devices. Device A and Device B belong to VRRP group 1 and Device A is the master device. The router has two ECMP routes to reach the hosts, one through Device A and the other through Device B. The upstream traffic of hosts is always forwarded through Device A, and the corresponding downstream traffic will be load balanced through the ECMP routes.

Figure 1 VRRP gateway network diagram

 

To ensure that the upstream traffic and downstream traffic of a host are forwarded through matching paths (both through Device A), perform the following tasks on Device A and Device B:

1.     Create a track entry and associate the track entry with VRRP group 1 on each device.

2.     Associate the track entry with the direct route on Interface A2 of Device A, and associate the track entry with the direct route on Interface B2 of Device B.

3.     Enable direct route redistribution for OSPF on each device, and use the original cost of redistributed direct routes.

Device B is in Backup state, so the track entry changes to Negative state. In Negative state, the cost value of Interface B2 on Device B changes from 0 to a user-defined value. The router performs route calculation, and it forwards the downstream traffic to the host through Device A.

For more information about associating Track with a VRRP group, see Track configuration in High Availability Configuration Guide.

Restrictions and guidelines

The direct route on an interface can be associated only with one track entry. To change the track entry associated with the direct route on an interface, you must first execute the undo route-direct track command to remove the original association.

Procedure

1.     Enter system view.

system-view

2.     Create a track entry, associate the track entry with a VRRP group, and enter track entry view.

track track-entry-number vrrp interface interface-type interface-number vrid virtual-router-id

For more information about associating a track entry with a VRRP group, see Track configuration in High Availability Configuration Guide.

3.     Return to system view.

quit

4.     Enter interface view.

interface interface-type interface-number

5.     Associate the track entry with the direct route on the interface and apply the specified cost value to the direct route after the track entry changes to Negative state.

route-direct track track-entry-number degrade-cost cost-value

By default, no track entry is associated with the direct route on an interface.

Configuring routing policy-based recursive lookup

About this task

Configure routing policy-based recursive lookup to control route recursion results. For example, when a route changes, the routing protocol has to perform a route recursion if the next hop is indirectly connected. The routing protocol might select an incorrect path, which can cause traffic loss. To prevent this problem, you can use a routing policy to filter out incorrect routes. The routes that pass the filtering of the routing policy will be used for route recursion.

Restrictions and guidelines

The apply clauses in the specified routing policy cannot take effect.

Make sure a minimum of one related route can match the routing policy for correct traffic forwarding.

The routing policy does not apply to routes received from directly connected BGP neighbors.

Procedure (IPv4)

1.     Enter system view.

system-view

2.     Enter RIB view.

rib

3.     Create the RIB IPv4 address family and enter its view.

address-family ipv4

4.     Configure routing policy-based recursive lookup.

protocol protocol nexthop recursive-lookup route-policy route-policy-name

By default, routing policy-based recursive lookup is not configured.

Procedure (IPv6)

1.     Enter system view.

system-view

2.     Enter RIB view.

rib

3.     Create the RIB IPv6 address family and enter its view.

address-family ipv6

4.     Configure routing policy-based recursive lookup.

protocol protocol nexthop recursive-lookup route-policy route-policy-name

By default, routing policy-based recursive lookup is not configured.

Configuring next hop recursion loop suppression

About next hop recursion loop suppression

A recursion loop occurs when a route recurses to a related route that recurses back to the route. It causes a route recursion failure and further lookup for a related route. If recursion loop persists, continuous route flapping will cause high system resource consumption and CPU utilization.

This feature enables the system to use a counter to record the number of route recursion failures. When the counter reaches 20, the system suppresses route recursion for a specified period of time to save system resources on the device.

Restrictions and guidelines for configuring next hop recursion loop suppression

The configuration of disabling next hop recursion loop suppression takes effect immediately.

The setting of clearing the recursion loop counter takes effect for the next recursion loop suppression.

Disabling suppression for IPv4 next hop recursion loop

1.     Enter system view.

system-view

2.     Enter RIB view.

rib

3.     Create the RIB IPv4 address family and enter its view.

address-family ipv4

4.     Disable IPv4 next hop recursion loop suppression.

nexthop recursive-lookup restrain disable

By default, IPv4 next hop recursion loop suppression is enabled.

Setting the interval for clearing the recursion loop counter (IPv4)

1.     Enter system view.

system-view

2.     Enter RIB view.

rib

3.     Create the RIB IPv4 address family and enter its view.

address-family ipv4

4.     Set the interval for clearing the recursion loop counter.

nexthop recursive-lookup restrain clear-interval interval

By default, the interval for clearing the recursion loop counter is 600 seconds.

Disabling suppression for IPv6 next hop recursion loop

1.     Enter system view.

system-view

2.     Enter RIB view.

rib

3.     Create the RIB IPv6 address family and enter its view.

address-family ipv6

4.     Disable IPv6 next hop recursion loop suppression.

nexthop recursive-lookup restrain disable

By default, IPv6 next hop recursion loop suppression is enabled.

Setting the interval for clearing the recursion loop counter (IPv6)

1.     Enter system view.

system-view

2.     Enter RIB view.

rib

3.     Create the RIB IPv6 address family and enter its view.

address-family ipv6

4.     Set the interval for clearing the recursion loop counter.

nexthop recursive-lookup restrain clear-interval interval

By default, the interval for clearing the recursion loop counter is 600 seconds.

Setting the maximum number of active routes supported by the device

About this task

The feature allows you to set the maximum number of active IPv4/IPv6 routes supported by the device. When the maximum number of active IPv4/IPv6 routes is exceeded, the device still accepts new active routes but generates a system log message. You can take relevant actions based on the message to save system resources.

Procedure (IPv4)

1.     Enter system view.

system-view

2.     Enter RIB view.

rib

3.     Create the RIB IPv4 address family and enter its view.

address-family ipv4

4.     Set the maximum number of active IPv4 routes supported by the device.

routing-table limit number simply-alert

By default, the maximum number of active IPv4 routes is not set for the device.

Configuration in RIB IPv4 address family view limits the number of active IPv4 routes for the public network and all VPN instances.

Procedure (IPv6)

1.     Enter system view.

system-view

2.     Enter RIB view.

rib

3.     Create the RIB IPv6 address family and enter its view.

address-family ipv6

4.     Set the maximum number of active IPv6 routes supported by the device.

routing-table limit number simply-alert

By default, the maximum number of active IPv6 routes is not set for the device.

Configuration in RIB IPv6 address family view limits the number of active IPv6 routes for the public network and all VPN instances.

Enabling MTP

About this task

Use maintenance probe (MTP) to locate faults for routing protocols depending on your network maintenance requirements. MTP enables the device to automatically perform the following operations upon expiration of a neighbor's hold timer:

1.     Ping the neighbor or trace the route to the neighbor.

2.     Record the ping or tracert results.

To view fault information, use the display commands of routing protocols, for example, the display ospf troubleshooting command. To view detailed MTP information, use the display logbuffer command.

Procedure

1.     Enter system view.

system-view

2.     Enable MTP.

maintenance-probe enable

By default, MTP is disabled.

Display and maintenance commands for basic IP routing

Execute display commands in any view and reset commands in user view.

 

Task

Command

Display the ECMP mode.

display ecmp mode

Display routing table information.

display ip routing-table [ verbose ]

display ip routing-table [ all-vpn-instance | vpn-instance vpn-instance-name ] [ verbose ]

display ip routing-table [ all-routes ]

Display information about routes permitted by an IPv4 basic ACL.

display ip routing-table acl ipv4-acl-number [ verbose ]

display ip routing-table [ vpn-instance vpn-instance-name ] acl ipv4-acl-number [ verbose ]

Display information about routes to a specific destination address.

display ip routing-table ip-address [ mask-length | mask ] [ longer-match ] [ verbose ]

display ip routing-table [ vpn-instance vpn-instance-name ] ip-address [ mask-length | mask ] [ longer-match ] [ verbose ]

Display information about routes to a range of destination addresses.

display ip routing-table ip-address1 to ip-address2 [ verbose ]

display ip routing-table [ vpn-instance vpn-instance-name ] ip-address1 to ip-address2 [ verbose ]

Display information about routes permitted by an IP prefix list.

display ip routing-table prefix-list prefix-list-name [ verbose ]

display ip routing-table [ vpn-instance vpn-instance-name ] prefix-list prefix-list-name [ verbose ]

Display information about routes installed by a protocol.

display ip routing-table protocol protocol [ inactive | verbose ]

display ip routing-table [ vpn-instance vpn-instance-name ] protocol protocol [ inactive | verbose ]

Display IPv4 route or route prefix statistics.

display ip routing-table [ prefix ] statistics

display ip routing-table [ all-routes | all-vpn-instance | vpn-instance vpn-instance-name ] [ prefix ] statistics

Display brief IPv4 routing table information.

display ip routing-table summary

display ip routing-table [ vpn-instance vpn-instance-name ] summary

Display route attribute information in the IPv6 RIB.

display ipv6 rib attribute [ attribute-id ]

Display IPv6 RIB GR state information.

display ipv6 rib graceful-restart

Display next hop information in the IPv6 RIB.

display ipv6 rib nib [ self-originated ] [ nib-id ] [ verbose ]

display ipv6 rib nib protocol protocol [ verbose ]

Display next hop information for IPv6 direct routes.

display ipv6 route-direct nib [ nib-id ] [ verbose ]

Display IPv6 routing table information.

display ipv6 routing-table [ all-vpn-instance | vpn-instance vpn-instance-name ] [ verbose ]

display ipv6 routing-table [ all-routes ]

Display information about routes permitted by an IPv6 basic ACL.

display ipv6 routing-table [ vpn-instance vpn-instance-name ] acl ipv6-acl-number [ verbose ]

Display information about routes to an IPv6 destination address.

display ipv6 routing-table [ vpn-instance vpn-instance-name ] ipv6-address [ prefix-length ] [ longer-match ] [ verbose ]

Display information about routes to a range of IPv6 destination addresses.

display ipv6 routing-table [ vpn-instance vpn-instance-name ] ipv6-address1 to ipv6-address2 [ verbose ]

Display information about routes permitted by an IPv6 prefix list.

display ipv6 routing-table [ vpn-instance vpn-instance-name ] prefix-list prefix-list-name [ verbose ]

Display information about routes installed by an IPv6 protocol.

display ipv6 routing-table [ vpn-instance vpn-instance-name ] protocol protocol [ inactive | verbose ]

Display IPv6 route or route prefix statistics.

display ipv6 routing-table [ all-routes | all-vpn-instance | vpn-instance vpn-instance-name ] [ prefix ] statistics

Display brief IPv6 routing table information.

display ipv6 routing-table [ vpn-instance vpn-instance-name ] summary

Display route attribute information in the RIB.

display rib attribute [ attribute-id ]

Display RIB GR state information.

display rib graceful-restart

Display next hop information in the RIB.

display rib nib [ self-originated ] [ nib-id ] [ verbose ]

display rib nib protocol protocol [ verbose ]

Display next hop information for direct routes.

display route-direct nib [ nib-id ] [ verbose ]

Clear IPv4 route statistics.

reset ip routing-table statistics protocol { protocol | all }

reset ip routing-table statistics protocol [ vpn-instance vpn-instance-name ] { protocol | all }

reset ip routing-table [ all-routes | all-vpn-instance ] statistics protocol { protocol | all }

Clear IPv6 route statistics.

reset ipv6 routing-table statistics protocol [ vpn-instance vpn-instance-name ] { protocol | all }

reset ipv6 routing-table [ all-routes | all-vpn-instance ] statistics protocol { protocol | all }

 

  • Cloud & AI
  • InterConnect
  • Computing
  • Security
  • SMB Products
  • Intelligent Terminal Products
  • Product Support Services
  • Technical Service Solutions
All Services
  • Resource Center
  • Policy
  • Online Help
All Support
  • Become a Partner
  • Partner Resources
  • Partner Business Management
All Partners
  • Profile
  • News & Events
  • Online Exhibition Center
  • Contact Us
All About Us
新华三官网