01-Fundamentals Configuration Guide

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12-Device management configuration
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Contents

Managing the device· 1

Device management task list 1

Device management restrictions and guidelines· 1

Configuring the device name· 2

Configuration restrictions and guidelines· 2

Configuration procedure· 2

Configuring the system time· 2

Enabling displaying the copyright statement 3

Configuring banners· 3

Banner types· 4

Banner input methods· 4

Configuration procedure· 5

Setting the system operating mode· 5

Rebooting the device· 6

Configuration guidelines· 6

Rebooting devices immediately at the CLI 6

Scheduling a device reboot 6

Scheduling a task· 7

Configuration guidelines· 7

Configuration procedure· 7

Schedule configuration example· 8

Disabling password recovery capability· 12

Setting the port status detection timer 13

Monitoring CPU usage· 13

Setting memory alarm thresholds· 14

About memory alarm thresholds· 14

Configuration restrictions and guidelines· 16

Configuration procedure· 16

Configuring resource monitoring· 17

About resource monitoring· 17

Configuration restrictions and guidelines· 18

Configuration procedure· 18

Configuring the temperature alarm thresholds· 19

Setting the load mode for MPUs· 19

Specifying load sharing modes for a card· 20

Specifying an operating mode and a proxy mode for a module· 21

About operating modes for modules· 21

About proxy modes for modules· 22

Configuration restrictions and guidelines· 22

Configuration procedure· 24

Enabling the port down feature globally· 24

Configuring an asset profile for a physical component 24

Configuring hardware failure detection and protection· 25

Specifying the actions to be taken for hardware failures· 25

Enabling hardware failure protection for interfaces· 26

Enabling hardware failure protection for aggregation groups· 26

Enabling data forwarding path failure detection· 27

Managing power supply· 27

Enabling power supply management 28

Specifying the number of redundant power supplies· 28

Setting power supply priorities for service modules· 29

Powering on/off a card· 29

Verifying and diagnosing transceiver modules· 30

Verifying transceiver modules· 30

Diagnosing transceiver modules· 30

Locating devices· 31

Restoring the factory-default configuration· 31

Displaying and maintaining device management configuration· 31

Standalone mode· 31

IRF mode· 33


Managing the device

This chapter describes how to configure basic device parameters and manage the device.

You can perform the configuration tasks in this chapter in any order.

Device management task list

Tasks at a glance

(Required.) Configuring the device name

(Required.) Configuring the system time

(Optional.) Enabling displaying the copyright statement

(Optional.) Configuring banners

(Required.) Setting the system operating mode

(Optional.) Rebooting the device

(Optional.) Scheduling a task

(Optional.) Disabling password recovery capability

(Optional.) Setting the port status detection timer

(Optional.) Monitoring CPU usage

(Required.) Setting memory alarm thresholds

(Optional.) Configuring resource monitoring

(Required.) Configuring the temperature alarm thresholds

(Optional.) Setting the load mode for MPUs

(Optional.) Specifying load sharing modes for a card

(Optional.) Specifying an operating mode and a proxy mode for a module

(Optional.) Enabling the port down feature globally

(Optional.) Configuring an asset profile for a physical component

(Optional.) Configuring hardware failure detection and protection

(Optional.) Enabling data forwarding path failure detection

(Optional.) Managing power supply

(Required.) Verifying and diagnosing transceiver modules

(Optional.) Locating devices

(Optional.) Restoring the factory-default configuration

 

Device management restrictions and guidelines

After you power on the device, the device takes some time to start up and complete configuration and data restoration and synchronization. Before configuring the device, perform the following tasks:

·           Use the display device command to verify that the device is in Normal state.

·           Use the display system stable state command to verify that the system status is Stable.

Failing to follow this rule might cause configuration failures and event device exceptions.

Configuring the device name

A device name (also called hostname) identifies a device in a network and is used in CLI view prompts. For example, if the device name is Sysname, the user view prompt is <Sysname>.

Configuration restrictions and guidelines

On an underlay network, the device uses the device name that you have configured for it. If you do not configure a device name for the device but automated underlay network deployment is enabled, the device uses the device name assigned by the VCF fabric feature. For more information about VCF fabric, see VCF fabric configuration in Network Management and Monitoring Configuration Guide.

Configuration procedure

To configure the device name:

 

Step

Command

Remarks

1.      Enter system view.

system-view

N/A

2.      Configure the device name.

sysname sysname

The default device name is H3C.

 

Configuring the system time

This feature is supported only on the default MDC.

Correct system time is essential to network management and communication. Configure the system time correctly before you run the device on the network.

The system time is determined by the UTC time, the time zone, and the daylight saving time. You can use the display clock command to view the system time.

The device can obtain the UTC time from one of the following time sources:

·           None—Local UTC time, set by using the clock datetime command.

·           NTP—NTP time source. You must configure NTP correctly. For more information about NTP and NTP configuration, see Network Management and Monitoring Configuration Guide.

The UTC time obtained from an NTP time source is more precise.

To configure the system time:

 

Step

Command

Remarks

1.      Enter system view.

system-view

N/A

2.      Specify the UTC time source.

clock protocol { none | ntp mdc mdc-id }

By default, the device uses the NTP time source specified on the default MDC.

If you execute this command multiple times, the most recent configuration takes effect.

3.      (Optional.) Set the local UTC time.

a       Return to user view:
quit

b       Specify a UTC time for the device:
clock datetime time date

c       Enter system view again:
system-view

Required when the local UTC time source is used.

4.      Set the time zone.

clock timezone zone-name { add | minus } zone-offset

By default, the system uses Greenwich Mean Time time zone.

After a time zone change, the device recalculates the system time. To view the system time, use the display clock command.

This setting must be consistent with the time zone of the place where the device resides.

5.      Set the daylight saving time.

clock summer-time name start-time start-date end-time end-date add-time

By default, the daylight saving time is not set.

After you set the daylight saving time, the device recalculates the system time. To view the system time, use the display clock command.

The settings must be consistent with the daylight saving time parameters of the place where the device resides.

 

Enabling displaying the copyright statement

When displaying the copyright statement is enabled, the device displays the copyright statement in the following situations:

·           When a Telnet or SSH user logs in.

·           When a console user quits user view. This is because the device automatically tries to restart the user session.

The following is a sample copyright statement:

******************************************************************************

* Copyright (c) 2004-2017 New H3C Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.* 

* Without the owner's prior written consent,                                 * 

* no decompiling or reverse-engineering shall be allowed.                    * 

******************************************************************************

To enable displaying the copyright statement:

 

Step

Command

Remarks

1.      Enter system view.

system-view

N/A

2.      Enable displaying the copyright statement.

copyright-info enable

By default, this feature is enabled.

 

Configuring banners

Banners are messages that the system displays when a user logs in.

Banner types

The system supports the following banners:

·           Legal banner—Appears after the copyright or license statement. To continue login, the user must enter Y or press Enter. To quit the process, the user must enter N. Y and N are case insensitive.

·           Message of the Day (MOTD) banner—Appears after the legal banner and before the login banner.

·           Login banner—Appears only when password or scheme authentication is configured.

·           Incoming bannerThe device does not support this banner.

·           Shell banner—Appears for all login users.

Banner input methods

You can configure a single-line banner or a multiline banner.

·           Single-line banner.

A single-line banner must be input in the same line as the command. The start and end delimiters for the banner can be any printable character. However, they must be the same and must not be included in the banner. The input text, including the command keywords and the delimiters, cannot exceed 511 characters. Do not press Enter before you input the end delimiter.

For example, you can configure the shell banner "Have a nice day." as follows:

<System> system-view

[System] header shell %Have a nice day.%

·           Multiline banner.

A multiline banner can contain carriage returns. A carriage return is counted as two characters.

To input a multiline banner, use one of the following methods:

¡  Method 1—Press Enter after the final command keyword, enter the banner as prompted, and end the final line with the delimiter character %. The banner plus the end delimiter cannot exceed 1999 characters. For example, you can configure the banner "Have a nice day. Please input the password." as follows:

<System> system-view

[System] header shell

Please input banner content, and quit with the character '%'.

Have a nice day.

Please input the password.%

¡  Method 2—After you type the final command keyword, type any single printable character as the start delimiter for the banner and press Enter. Then, type the banner as prompted and end the final line with the same delimiter. The banner plus the end delimiter cannot exceed 1999 characters. For example, you can configure the banner "Have a nice day. Please input the password." as follows:

<System> system-view

[System] header shell A

Please input banner content, and quit with the character 'A'.

Have a nice day.

Please input the password.A

¡  Method 3—After you type the final command keyword, type the start delimiter and part of the banner and press Enter. Then, enter the rest of the banner as prompted and end the final line with the same delimiter. The banner plus the start and end delimiters cannot exceed 2002 characters. For example, you can configure the banner "Have a nice day. Please input the password." as follows:

<System> system-view

[System] header shell AHave a nice day.

Please input banner content, and quit with the character 'A'.

Please input the password.

A

Configuration procedure

To configure banners:

 

Step

Command

Remarks

1.      Enter system view.

system-view

N/A

2.      Configure the legal banner.

header legal text

By default, the device does not have a legal banner.

3.      Configure the MOTD banner.

header motd text

By default, the device does not have an MOTD banner.

4.      Configure the login banner.

header login text

By default, the device does not have a login banner.

5.      Configure the incoming banner.

header incoming text

By default, the device does not have an incoming banner.

6.      Configure the shell banner.

header shell text

By default, the device does not have a shell banner.

 

Setting the system operating mode

This feature is supported only on the default MDC.

The device can operate in one of the following modes:

·           advance—Advanced mode.

·           standard—Standard mode.

In different operating modes, the device supports different features, and might have different specifications for the supported features.

To change the operating mode to advance, make sure the device has enough IFP ACL resources. To display the current IFP ACL resource information, use the display qos-acl resource command. For more information about this command, see ACL and QoS Command Reference.

To set the system operating mode:

 

Step

Command

Remarks

1.      Enter system view.

system-view

N/A

2.      Set the system operating mode.

system-working-mode { advance | standard }

By default, the device operates in standard mode.

Change to the operating mode takes effect after a reboot.

 

Rebooting the device

CAUTION:

·       A device reboot might interrupt network services.

·       To avoid configuration loss, use the save command to save the running configuration before a reboot. For more information about the save command, see Fundamentals Command Reference.

·       Before a reboot, use the display startup and display boot-loader commands to verify that the startup configuration file and startup software images are correctly specified. If a startup configuration file or software image problem exists, the device cannot start up correctly. For more information about the two display commands, see Fundamentals Command Reference.

 

The following device reboot methods are available:

·           Immediately reboot the device at the CLI.

·           Schedule a reboot at the CLI, so the device automatically reboots at the specified time or after the specified period of time.

·           Power off and then power on the device. This method might cause data loss, and is the least-preferred method.

Using the CLI, you can reboot the device from a remote host.

Configuration guidelines

When you schedule a reboot, follow these guidelines:

·           In standalone mode, the automatic reboot configuration is canceled if an active/standby switchover occurs.

·           In IRF mode, the automatic reboot configuration is effective on all member devices. It will be canceled if a switchover between the global active MPU and a global standby MPU occurs.

·           For data security, the device does not reboot while it is performing file operations.

Rebooting devices immediately at the CLI

Execute one of the following commands as appropriate in user view:

 

Task

Command

Reboot a card or the entire device. (In standalone mode.)

reboot [ slot slot-number ] [ force ]

Reboot an IRF member device or all IRF member devices. (In IRF mode.)

reboot [ chassis chassis-number [ slot slot-number ] ] [ force ]

 

Scheduling a device reboot

The device supports only one device reboot schedule. If you configure the scheduler reboot at or scheduler reboot delay command multiple times or configure both commands, the most recent configuration takes effect.

To schedule a reboot, execute one of the following commands in user view:

 

Task

Command

Remarks

Specify the reboot date and time.

scheduler reboot at time [ date ]

By default, no reboot date or time is specified.

Specify the reboot delay time.

scheduler reboot delay time

By default, no reboot delay time is specified.

 

Scheduling a task

You can schedule the device to automatically execute a command or a set of commands without administrative interference.

You can configure a non-periodic schedule or a periodic schedule. A non-periodic schedule is not saved to the configuration file and is lost when the device reboots. A periodic schedule is saved to the startup configuration file and is automatically executed periodically.

Configuration guidelines

When you schedule a task, follow these guidelines:

·           Make sure all commands in a schedule are compliant to the command syntax. The system does not check the syntax when you assign a command to a job.

·           A schedule cannot contain any of these commands: telnet, ftp, ssh2, and monitor process.

·           A schedule does not support user interaction. If a command requires a yes or no answer, the system always assumes that a Y or Yes is entered. If a command requires a character string input, the system assumes that either the default character string (if any) or a null string is entered.

·           A schedule is executed in the background, and no output (except logs, traps, and debug information) is displayed for the schedule.

Configuration procedure

To configure a schedule for the device:

 

Step

Command

Remarks

1.      Enter system view.

system-view

N/A

2.      Create a job.

scheduler job job-name

By default, no job exists.

3.      Assign a command to the job.

command id command

By default, no command is assigned to a job.

You can assign multiple commands to a job. A command with a smaller ID will be executed first.

To assign a command (command A) to a job, you must first assign the job the command or commands for entering the view of command A.

4.      Exit to system view.

quit

N/A

5.      Create a schedule.

scheduler schedule schedule-name

By default, no schedule exists.

6.      Assign a job to a schedule.

job job-name

By default, no job is assigned to a schedule.

You can assign multiple jobs to a schedule. The jobs will be executed concurrently.

7.      Assign user roles to the schedule.

user-role role-name

By default, a schedule has the user role of the schedule creator.

You can assign up to 64 user roles to a schedule. A command in a schedule can be executed if it is permitted by one or more user roles of the schedule.

8.      Specify an execution time table for the schedule.

·          Specify the execution date and time:
time at time date

·          Specify the execution days and time:
time once at time [ month-date month-day | week-day week-day&<1-7> ]

·          Specify the execution delay time:
time once delay time

·          Specify the periodic execution points of time:
time repeating at time [ month-date [ month-day | last ] | week-day week-day&<1-7> ]

·          Specify the start time and execution interval:
time repeating [ at time [date ] ] interval interval

By default, no execution time is specified for a schedule.

Executing the clock datetime, clock summer-time, or clock timezone command does not change the execution time table that is already configured for a schedule.

 

Schedule configuration example

Network requirements

As shown in Figure 1, two interfaces of the device are connected to users.

To save energy, configure the device to perform the following operations:

·           Enable the interfaces at 8:00 a.m. every Monday through Friday.

·           Disable the interfaces at 18:00 every Monday through Friday.

Figure 1 Network diagram

 

Scheduling procedure

# Enter system view.

<Sysname> system-view

# Configure a job for disabling interface GigabitEthernet 1/0/1.

[Sysname] scheduler job shutdown-GigabitEthernet1/0/1

[Sysname-job-shutdown-GigabitEthernet1/0/1] command 1 system-view

[Sysname-job-shutdown-GigabitEthernet1/0/1] command 2 interface gigabitethernet 1/0/1

[Sysname-job-shutdown-GigabitEthernet1/0/1] command 3 shutdown

[Sysname-job-shutdown-GigabitEthernet1/0/1] quit

# Configure a job for enabling interface GigabitEthernet 1/0/1.

[Sysname] scheduler job start-GigabitEthernet1/0/1

[Sysname-job-start-GigabitEthernet1/0/1] command 1 system-view

[Sysname-job-start-GigabitEthernet1/0/1] command 2 interface gigabitethernet 1/0/1

[Sysname-job-start-GigabitEthernet1/0/1] command 3 undo shutdown

[Sysname-job-start-GigabitEthernet1/0/1] quit

# Configure a job for disabling interface GigabitEthernet 1/0/2.

[Sysname] scheduler job shutdown-GigabitEthernet1/0/2

[Sysname-job-shutdown-GigabitEthernet1/0/2] command 1 system-view

[Sysname-job-shutdown-GigabitEthernet1/0/2] command 2 interface gigabitethernet 1/0/2

[Sysname-job-shutdown-GigabitEthernet1/0/2] command 3 shutdown

[Sysname-job-shutdown-GigabitEthernet1/0/2] quit

# Configure a job for enabling interface GigabitEthernet 1/0/2.

[Sysname] scheduler job start-GigabitEthernet1/0/2

[Sysname-job-start-GigabitEthernet1/0/2] command 1 system-view

[Sysname-job-start-GigabitEthernet1/0/2] command 2 interface gigabitethernet 1/0/2

[Sysname-job-start-GigabitEthernet1/0/2] command 3 undo shutdown

[Sysname-job-start-GigabitEthernet1/0/2] quit

# Configure a periodic schedule for enabling the interfaces at 8:00 a.m. every Monday through Friday.

[Sysname] scheduler schedule START-pc1/pc2

[Sysname-schedule-START-pc1/pc2] job start-GigabitEthernet1/0/1

[Sysname-schedule-START-pc1/pc2] job start-GigabitEthernet1/0/2

[Sysname-schedule-START-pc1/pc2] time repeating at 8:00 week-day mon tue wed thu fri

[Sysname-schedule-START-pc1/pc2] quit

# Configure a periodic schedule for disabling the interfaces at 18:00 every Monday through Friday.

[Sysname] scheduler schedule STOP-pc1/pc2

[Sysname-schedule-STOP-pc1/pc2] job shutdown-GigabitEthernet1/0/1

[Sysname-schedule-STOP-pc1/pc2] job shutdown-GigabitEthernet1/0/2

[Sysname-schedule-STOP-pc1/pc2] time repeating at 18:00 week-day mon tue wed thu fri

[Sysname-schedule-STOP-pc1/pc2] quit

Verifying the scheduling

# Display the configuration information of all jobs.

[Sysname] display scheduler job

Job name: shutdown-GigabitEthernet1/0/1

 system-view

 interface GigabitEthernet 1/0/1

 shutdown

 

Job name: shutdown-GigabitEthernet1/0/2

 system-view

 interface GigabitEthernet 1/0/2

 shutdown

 

Job name: start-GigabitEthernet1/0/1

 system-view

 interface GigabitEthernet 1/0/1

 undo shutdown

 

Job name: start-GigabitEthernet1/0/2

 system-view

 interface GigabitEthernet 1/0/2

 undo shutdown

# Display the schedule information.

[Sysname] display scheduler schedule

Schedule name        : START-pc1/pc2

Schedule type        : Run on every Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri at 08:00:00

Start time           : Wed Sep 28 08:00:00 2011

Last execution time  : Wed Sep 28 08:00:00 2011

Last completion time : Wed Sep 28 08:00:03 2011

Execution counts     : 1

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

Job name                                          Last execution status

start-GigabitEthernet1/0/1                                 Successful

start-GigabitEthernet1/0/2                                 Successful

 

Schedule name        : STOP-pc1/pc2

Schedule type        : Run on every Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri at 18:00:00

Start time           : Wed Sep 28 18:00:00 2011

Last execution time  : Wed Sep 28 18:00:00 2011

Last completion time : Wed Sep 28 18:00:01 2011

Execution counts     : 1

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

Job name                                          Last execution status

shutdown-GigabitEthernet1/0/1                              Successful

shutdown-GigabitEthernet1/0/2                              Successful

# Display schedule log information.

[Sysname] display scheduler logfile

Job name        : start-GigabitEthernet1/0/1

Schedule name   : START-pc1/pc2

Execution time  : Wed Sep 28 08:00:00 2011

Completion time : Wed Sep 28 08:00:02 2011

--------------------------------- Job output -----------------------------------

<Sysname>system-view

System View: return to User View with Ctrl+Z.

[Sysname]interface GigabitEthernet 1/0/1

[Sysname-GigabitEthernet1/0/1]undo shutdown

 

Job name        : start-GigabitEthernet1/0/2

Schedule name   : START-pc1/pc2

Execution time  : Wed Sep 28 08:00:00 2011

Completion time : Wed Sep 28 08:00:02 2011

--------------------------------- Job output -----------------------------------

<Sysname>system-view

System View: return to User View with Ctrl+Z.

[Sysname]interface GigabitEthernet 1/0/2.

[Sysname-GigabitEthernet1/0/2]undo shutdown

 

Job name        : shutdown-GigabitEthernet1/0/1

Schedule name   : STOP-pc1/pc2

Execution time  : Wed Sep 28 18:00:00 2011

Completion time : Wed Sep 28 18:00:01 2011

--------------------------------- Job output -----------------------------------

<Sysname>system-view

System View: return to User View with Ctrl+Z.

[Sysname]interface GigabitEthernet 1/0/1

[Sysname-GigabitEthernet1/0/1]shutdown

 

Job name        : shutdown-GigabitEthernet1/0/2

Schedule name   : STOP-pc1/pc2

Execution time  : Wed Sep 28 18:00:00 2011

Completion time : Wed Sep 28 18:00:01 2011

--------------------------------- Job output -----------------------------------

<Sysname>system-view

System View: return to User View with Ctrl+Z.

[Sysname]interface GigabitEthernet 1/0/2

[Sysname-GigabitEthernet1/0/2]shutdown

Disabling password recovery capability

This feature is supported only on the default MDC.

To access the device configuration without authentication, you must connect to the active MPU and access the BootWare menu while the MPU is starting up.

Password recovery capability controls console user access to the device configuration and SDRAM from BootWare menus. This feature also decides the method for handling console login password loss (see Figure 2).

If password recovery capability is enabled, a console user can access the device configuration without authentication to configure new passwords.

If password recovery capability is disabled, console users must restore the factory-default configuration before they can configure new passwords. Restoring the factory-default configuration deletes the next-startup configuration files.

To enhance system security, disable password recovery capability.

Figure 2 Handling console login password loss

 

Table 1 summarizes options whose availability depends on the password recovery capability setting.

Table 1 BootWare options and password recovery capability compatibility matrix

BootWare menu option

Password recovery enabled

Password recovery disabled

Tasks that can be performed

Download Image Program To SDRAM And Run

Yes

No

Load and run Comware software images in SDRAM.

Download Files(*.*)

Yes

No

Download a file to the current storage medium.

Skip Authentication for Console Login

Yes

No

Enable console login without authentication.

This is a one-time operation and takes effect only for the first system boot or reboot after you choose this option.

Skip Current System Configuration

Yes

No

Skip the configuration file at the next startup.

This is a one-time operation. It takes effect only for the first system boot or reboot after you choose this option.

This option does not delete the configuration file.

Restore to Factory Default Configuration

No

Yes

Delete the next-startup configuration file and load the factory-default configuration.

 

To disable password recovery capability:

 

Step

Command

Remarks

1.      Enter system view.

system-view

N/A

2.      Disable password recovery capability.

undo password-recovery enable

By default, password recovery capability is enabled.

 

When password recovery capability is disabled, you cannot downgrade the software configuration of the device to a version that does not support the capability through the BootWare menus. You can do so at the CLI, but the configured BootWare menu password becomes effective again.

Setting the port status detection timer

The device starts a port status detection timer when a port is shut down by a protocol. Once the timer expires, the device brings up the port so the port status reflects the port's physical status.

To set the port status detection timer:

 

Step

Command

Remarks

1.      Enter system view.

system-view

N/A

2.      Set the port status detection timer.

shutdown-interval time

The default setting is 30 seconds.

 

Monitoring CPU usage

To monitor CPU usage, the device performs the following operations:

·           Samples CPU usage at 1-minute intervals, and compares the sample with the CPU usage threshold. If the sample is greater, the device sends a trap.

·           Samples and saves CPU usage at a configurable interval if CPU usage tracking is enabled.

To monitor CPU usage in standalone mode:

 

Step

Command

Remarks

1.      Enter system view.

system-view

N/A

2.      Set the CPU usage thresholds.

monitor cpu-usage threshold severe-threshold minor-threshold minor-threshold recovery-threshold recovery-threshold [ slot slot-number [ cpu cpu-number ] ]

The defaults are as follows:

·          Severe alarm threshold—99%.

·          Minor alarm threshold—80%.

·          Recovery threshold—60%.

3.      Enable CPU usage tracking.

monitor cpu-usage enable [ slot slot-number [ cpu cpu-number ] ]

By default, CPU usage tracking is enabled.

4.      Set the sampling interval for CPU usage tracking.

monitor cpu-usage interval interval-value [ slot slot-number [ cpu cpu-number ] ]

By default, the sampling interval for CPU usage tracking is 1 minute.

5.      Set CPU usage alarm resending intervals.

monitor resend cpu-usage { minor-interval minor-interval | severe-interval severe-interval } * [ slot slot-number [ cpu cpu-number ] ]

By default, the minor alarm resending interval is 300 seconds and the severe alarm resending interval is 60 seconds.

 

To monitor CPU usage in IRF mode:

 

Step

Command

Remarks

1.      Enter system view.

system-view

N/A

2.      Set the CPU usage thresholds.

monitor cpu-usage threshold severe-threshold minor-threshold minor-threshold recovery-threshold recovery-threshold [ chassis chassis-number slot slot-number [ cpu cpu-number ] ]

The defaults are as follows:

·          Severe alarm threshold—99%.

·          Minor alarm threshold—80%.

·          Recovery threshold—60%.

3.      Enable CPU usage tracking.

monitor cpu-usage enable [ chassis chassis-number slot slot-number [ cpu cpu-number ] ]

By default, CPU usage tracking is enabled.

4.      Set the sampling interval for CPU usage tracking.

monitor cpu-usage interval interval-value [ chassis chassis-number slot slot-number [ cpu cpu-number ] ]

By default, the sampling interval for CPU usage tracking is 1 minute.

5.      Set CPU usage alarm resending intervals.

monitor resend cpu-usage { minor-interval minor-interval | severe-interval severe-interval } * [ chassis chassis-number slot slot-number [ cpu cpu-number ] ]

By default, the minor alarm resending interval is 300 seconds and the severe alarm resending interval is 60 seconds.

 

Setting memory alarm thresholds

About memory alarm thresholds

To monitor memory usage, the device performs the following operations:

·           Samples memory usage at 1-minute intervals, and compares the sample with the memory usage threshold. If the sample is greater, the device sends a trap.

·           Monitors the amount of free memory space in real time. If a free-memory threshold is exceeded, the system generates an alarm notification or an alarm-removed notification and sends it to affected service modules or processes.

On devices that support low memory, the system monitors only the amount of free low-memory space. On devices with slots that support low memory, the system monitors only the amount of free low-memory space for slots that support low memory. You can use the display memory command to display memory usage information. If the LowMem field is displayed for a slot, the slot supports low memory.

As shown in Table 2 and Figure 3, the system supports the following free-memory thresholds:

·           Sufficient-memory threshold.

·           Early-warning threshold.

·           Normal state threshold.

·           Minor alarm threshold.

·           Severe alarm threshold.

·           Critical alarm threshold.

Table 2 Memory alarm notifications and memory alarm-removed notifications

Notification

Triggering condition

Remarks

Early-warning notification

The amount of free memory space decreases below the early-warning threshold.

After generating and sending an early-warning notification, the system does not generate and send any additional early-warning notifications until the early warning is removed.

Minor alarm notification

The amount of free memory space decreases below the minor alarm threshold.

After generating and sending a minor alarm notification, the system does not generate and send any additional minor alarm notifications until the minor alarm is removed.

Severe alarm notification

The amount of free memory space decreases below the severe alarm threshold.

After generating and sending a severe alarm notification, the system does not generate and send any additional severe alarm notifications until the severe alarm is removed.

Critical alarm notification

The amount of free memory space decreases below the critical alarm threshold.

After generating and sending a critical alarm notification, the system does not generate and send any additional critical alarm notifications until the critical alarm is removed.

Critical alarm-removed notification

The amount of free memory space increases above the severe alarm threshold.

N/A

Severe alarm-removed notification

The amount of free memory space increases above the minor alarm threshold.

N/A

Minor alarm-removed notification

The amount of free memory space increases above the normal state threshold.

N/A

Early-warning-removed notification

The amount of free memory space increases above the sufficient-memory threshold.

N/A

 

Figure 3 Memory alarm notifications and alarm-removed notifications

 

Configuration restrictions and guidelines

This feature is supported only on the default MDC.

If a memory alarm occurs, delete unused configuration items or disable some features to increase the free memory space. Because the memory space is insufficient, some configuration items might not be able to be deleted.

Configuration procedure

To set memory alarm thresholds:

 

Step

Command

Remarks

1.      Enter system view.

system-view

N/A

2.      Set the memory usage threshold.

·          In standalone mode:
memory-threshold [ slot slot-number [ cpu cpu-number ] ] usage memory-threshold

·          In IRF mode:
memory-threshold [ chassis chassis-number slot slot-number [ cpu cpu-number ] ] usage memory-threshold

The default memory usage threshold is 100%.

3.      Set the free-memory thresholds.

·          In standalone mode:
memory-threshold [ slot slot-number [ cpu cpu-number ] ] [ ratio ] minor minor-value severe severe-value critical critical-value normal normal-value [ early-warning early-warning-value secure secure-value ]

·          In IRF mode:
memory-threshold [ chassis chassis-number slot slot-number [ cpu cpu-number ] ] [ ratio ] minor minor-value severe severe-value critical critical-value normal normal-value [ early-warning early-warning-value secure secure-value ]

The defaults are as follows:

·          Minor alarm threshold10% of the memory space on the slot.

·          Severe alarm threshold7% of the memory space on the slot.

·          Critical alarm threshold4% of the memory space on the slot.

·          Normal state threshold13% of the memory space on the slot.

·          Early-warning threshold—16% of the memory space on the slot.

·          Sufficient-memory threshold—18% of the memory space on the slot.

4.      Set memory depletion alarm resending intervals.

·          In standalone mode:
monitor resend memory-threshold { critical-interval critical-interval | early-warning-interval early-warning-interval | minor-interval minor-interval | severe-interval severe-interval } * [ slot slot-number [ cpu cpu-number ] ]

·          In IRF mode:
monitor resend memory-threshold { critical-interval critical-interval | early-warning-interval early-warning-interval | minor-interval minor-interval | severe-interval severe-interval } * [ chassis chassis-number slot slot-number [ cpu cpu-number ] ]

The following are the default settings:

·          Early warning resending interval—1 hour.

·          Minor alarm resending interval—12 hours.

·          Severe alarm resending interval—3 hours.

·          Critical alarm resending interval—1 hour.

 

Configuring resource monitoring

About resource monitoring

The resource monitoring feature enables the device to monitor the available amounts of types of resources, for example, the space for ARP entries. The device samples the available amounts at intervals and compares the samples with resource depletion thresholds to identify the resource depletion status.

The device supports a minor resource depletion threshold and a severe resource depletion threshold for each supported resource type.

·           If the available amount is equal to or less than the minor resource depletion threshold but greater than the severe resource depletion threshold, the resource type is in minor alarm state.

·           If the available amount is equal to or less than the severe resource depletion threshold, the resource type is in severe alarm state.

·           If the available amount increases above the minor resource depletion threshold, the resource type is in recovered state.

When a resource type enters severe alarm state, the device issues a severe alarm. If the resource type stays in severe alarm state, the device resends severe alarms periodically.

When a resource type enters minor alarm state, the device issues a minor alarm. If the resource type stays in minor alarm state or changes from severe alarm state to minor alarm state, the device identifies whether resending of minor resource depletion alarms is enabled. If the feature is disabled, the device does not issue additional minor alarms. If the feature is enabled, the device resends minor alarms periodically.

Resource depletion alarms can be sent to NETCONF, SNMP, and the information center to be encapsulated as NETCONF events, SNMP traps and informs, and log messages. For more information, see NETCONF, SNMP, and information center in Network Management and Monitoring Configuration Guide.

Figure 4 Resource depletion alarms and alarm-removed notifications

Configuration restrictions and guidelines

Follow these restrictions and guidelines when you configure this feature:

·           This feature is not supported when uRPF is configured on the device. For more information about uRPF, see Security Configuration Guide.

·           This feature is not supported when the arp mode uni command is configured on the device. For more information, see ARP in Layer 3–IP Services Configuration Guide.

·           This feature is not supported when the ipv6 nd mode uni command is configured on the device. For more information about the ipv6 nd mode uni command, see IPv6 basics configuration in Layer 3–IP Services Configuration Guide.

·           This feature is not supported on EC, SA, and SF interface modules.

·           This feature is not supported on the following interface modules when the service module operating mode is bridging or enhance-bridge: FD interface modules, FE interface modules, and SG interface modules.

Configuration procedure

To configure resource monitoring:

 

Step

Command

Remarks

1.      Enter system view.

system-view

N/A

2.      Set resource depletion thresholds.

·          In standalone mode:
resource-monitor resource resource-name slot slot-number cpu cpu-number by-percent minor-threshold minor-threshold severe-threshold severe-threshold

·          In IRF mode:
resource-monitor resource resource-name chassis chassis-number slot slot-number cpu cpu-number by-percent minor-threshold minor-threshold severe-threshold severe-threshold

The default settings vary by device model. Use the display resource-monitor command to display the default resource depletion thresholds.

3.      Specify destinations for resource depletion alarms

resource-monitor output { netconf-event | snmp-notification | syslog } *

By default, resource depletion alarms are sent to NETCONF, SNMP, and the information center.

4.      Enable resending of minor resource depletion alarms.

resource-monitor minor resend enable

By default, resending of minor resource depletion alarms is enabled.

 

Configuring the temperature alarm thresholds

The device monitors its temperature based on the following thresholds:

·           Low-temperature threshold.

·           High-temperature warning threshold.

·           High-temperature alarming threshold.

When the temperature drops below the low-temperature threshold or reaches the high-temperature warning threshold, the device sends a log message and trap, and sets the LEDs on the device panel.

When the temperature reaches the high-temperature alarming threshold, the device sends log messages and traps repeatedly and sets the LEDs on the device panel.

This feature is supported only on the default MDC.

To configure the temperature alarm thresholds:

 

Step

Command

Remarks

1.      Enter system view.

system-view

N/A

2.      Configure the temperature alarm thresholds.

·          In standalone mode:
temperature-limit slot slot-number { hotspot | inflow | outflow } sensor-number lowlimit warninglimit [ alarmlimit ]

·          In IRF mode:
temperature-limit chassis chassis-number slot slot-number { hotspot | inflow | outflow } sensor-number lowlimit warninglimit [ alarmlimit ]

To view the default thresholds, use the undo form of the command to restore the default and execute the display environment command.

The high-temperature alarming threshold must be higher than the high-temperature warning threshold. The high-temperature warning threshold must be higher than the low-temperature threshold.

 

Setting the load mode for MPUs

S7503X switches do not support this feature.

The device supports the following MPU load modes:

·           load-balanceThe MPUs share the load to process and forward packets.

·           load-single—Only the active MPU processes and forwards packets. The standby MPUs back up data and monitor the status of the active MPU.

To set the MPU load mode:

 

Step

Command

Remarks

1.      Enter system view.

system-view

N/A

2.      Set the load mode for MPUs.

·          In standalone mode:
xbar { load-balance | load-single }

·          In IRF mode:
xbar chassis chassis-number { load-balance | load-single }

By default, MPUs operate in load-balance mode.

A single-MPU device supports only the load-single mode. If you set the MPU load mode to load-balance, the device automatically switches to load-single mode.

 

Specifying load sharing modes for a card

Table 3 shows the default load sharing modes for cards. You can specify load sharing modes as required.

Table 3 Default load sharing modes for cards

Cards

Default load sharing mode

OAA modules except LSUM1FWCEAB0

source-ip

·          FE interface module LSQM1CGS2FE0

·          SC interface module LSQ1QGS4SC0

flexible

·          EB interface modules

·          EC interface modules

·          FD interface modules

·          FE interface modules except LSQM1CGS2FE0

·          SA interface modules

·          SC interface modules except LSQ1QGS4SC0

·          SD interface modules

·          SF interface modules

·          OAA module LSUM1FWCEAB0

·          Interface module LSQM1XPT12TSFD0

·          MPUs LSQM1MPUS10B0 and LSQM1CTGS24QSFD0

ingress-port

 

To specify load sharing modes for a card:

 

Step

Command

Remarks

1.      Enter system view.

system-view

N/A

2.      Specify load sharing modes for a card.

·          In standalone mode:
fabric load-sharing mode { { destination-ip | destination-mac | ingress-port | source-ip | source-mac } * | flexible } slot slot-number

·          In IRF mode:
fabric load-sharing mode { { destination-ip | destination-mac | ingress-port | source-ip | source-mac } * | flexible } chassis chassis-number slot slot-number

If you execute the command multiple times, the most recent configuration takes effect.

If you specify an unsupported load sharing mode, an error message is displayed.

When IRF links use the default load sharing modes, the load sharing mode set by the fabric load-sharing mode flexible command takes precedence. For more information about IRF link load sharing modes, see Virtual Technologies Configuration Guide.

 

Specifying an operating mode and a proxy mode for a module

About operating modes for modules

The MAC address table size and routing table size of a module vary depending on the operating mode. Table 4 lists the feature highlights and application scenarios of operating modes.

Table 5 shows the module and operating mode compatibility.

Table 4 Module operating modes

Operating mode

Feature highlights

Recommended application scenario

normal

Uses the default MAC address table and routing table.

Common networks.

bridging

Increases the MAC address table size to provide higher Layer 2 packet forwarding performance.

A large MAC address table is required.

routing

Increases the IPv4 routing table size to provide higher Layer 3 packet forwarding performance.

A large IPv4 routing table is required.

mix-bridging-routing

Increases both the MAC address table size and routing table size.

Both a large MAC address table and a large routing table are required.

standard-ipv6

Optimizes resource sharing for ND and ARP entries to provide optimal forwarding performance in an IPv4/IPv6 dual-stack environment.

The IPv4/IPv6 dual-stack is used.

ipv6

Increases the IPv6 routing table size to provide higher Layer 3 packet forwarding performance.

A large IPv6 routing table is required.

balance

Increases the MAC address table size,  ARP table size, and routing table size to provide more balanced Layer 2 and Layer 3 packet forwarding performance than the mix-bridging-routing mode.

Requirements for the MAC address table, ARP table, and routing table are balanced.

enhance-bridge

Increases the MAC address table size to provide higher Layer 2 packet forwarding performance.

Has a smaller ARP table size than the bridging mode.

A large MAC address table is required.

This mode is typically used on a service provider network.

 

Table 5 Module and operating mode compatibility

normal

bridging

routing

mix

-bridging

-routing

standard

-ipv6

ipv6

balance

enhance

-bridge

SG interface modules

No

Yes

Yes

Yes

No

No

No

No

EC interface modules

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

No

Yes

No

No

FD interface modules

FE interface modules

No

Yes

Yes

Yes

No

No

Yes

Yes

SC interface modules LSQM2GP44TSSC0, LSQM2GP24TSSC0, LSQM2GT24PTSSC0, LSQM2GT24TSSC0, LSQM2GT48SC0, LSQM4GV48SC0, LSQM1PT8TSSC0, and LSQM1PT24TSSC0

No

Yes

No

Yes

No

No

No

No

SF interface modules

Yes

No

No

No

Yes

No

No

No

 

 

NOTE:

SA interface modules do not support specifying an operating mode. They can operate only in mix-bridging-routing mode.

 

About proxy modes for modules

Proxy modes apply to scenarios where the capacity of the routing table, ARP table, or ND table of a module cannot meet the requirement. You can configure the module as a principal and configure a second module that has sufficient table resources as the proxy. Then, when the principal receives a packet to be forwarded, it redirects the packet to the proxy. The proxy looks up its table for a forwarding entry. Table 6 shows the module and proxy compatibility.

Table 6 Module and proxy mode compatibility

Proxy mode

Compatibility

route-proxy-high

adj-proxy-high

l3-proxy-high

Supported EC, FD, FE, and SG  interface modules.

route-proxy-low

Not supported on FD, FE, or SG interface modules that are operating in balance or routing mode.

 

Configuration restrictions and guidelines

Follow these restrictions and guidelines when you specify an operating mode and a proxy mode for a module:

·           You can specify an operating mode and a proxy mode for an installed module. The settings take effect after you save the running configuration and reboot the service module.

·           If you replace a service module after setting its operating mode and proxy mode, the operating mode and proxy mode of the new module vary by support for the settings:

 

Mode

If the new module supports the specified mode

If the new module does not support the specified mode

Operating mode

Uses the specified operating mode

Uses the default operating mode

Proxy mode

Uses the specified proxy mode

Does not operate in any proxy mode.

 

Table 7 Default operating modes for service modules

Service modules

Default operating mode

·          EC, FD, FE, and SG interface modules

·          SC interface modules listed below:
LSQM2GP44TSSC0
LSQM2GP24TSSC0
LSQM2GT24PTSSC0
LSQM2GT24TSSC0
LSQM2GT48SC0
LSQM4GV48SC0
LSQM1PT8TSSC0
LSQM1PT24TSSC0

mix-bridging-routing

SF interface modules

normal

 

To view the current modes and the mode settings, execute the display switch-mode status command.

Also follow these restrictions and these guidelines when you set the proxy mode for a module:

·           If you configure a module as a principal or proxy, you must configure another module on the device as the proxy or principal. If you fail to do so, the proxy function might not operate. For example, if you set the proxy mode to route-proxy-low for a module, you must set the proxy mode to route-proxy-high or l3-proxy-high for another module on the device.

·           Do not terminate tunneled packets or MPLS packets on a module that is operating in route-proxy-low mode. For more information about tunneling and MPLS, see tunneling configuration in Layer 3IP Services Configuration Guide and basic MPLS configuration in MPLS Configuration Guide.

·           The apply default-next-hop command in a routing policy does not take effect if the policy is applied to a module operating in route-proxy-low mode. For more information about policy-based routing, see Layer 3IP Routing Configuration Guide.

·           Routing interfaces on a module that is operating in route-proxy-low mode do not support forwarding VPN packets. For more information about VPN, see MPLS L3VPN in MPLS Configuration Guide.

·           Routing interfaces on a service module that is operating in route-proxy-low or adj-proxy-low mode do not support ICMP redirect or ICMPv6 redirect. For more information about ICMP redirect and ICMPv6 redirect, see IP performance optimization configuration and IPv6 basics configuration in Layer 3IP Services Configuration Guide.

·           The proxy mode does not affect multicast packet forwarding. For more information about multicast, see multicast routing and forwarding configuration in IP Multicast Configuration Guide.

·           FD, FE, and SG modules operating in route-proxy-low mode do not support forwarding Layer 3 VXLAN traffic. For more information about VXLAN, see VXLAN Configuration Guide.

Configuration procedure

To specify an operating mode and a proxy mode for a module:

 

Step

Command

Remarks

1.      Enter system view.

system-view

N/A

2.      Specify an operating mode and a proxy mode for a module.

·          In standalone mode:
switch-mode { bridging | ipv6 | mix-bridging-routing | normal | routing | standard-ipv6 } [ adj-proxy-high | adj-proxy-low | l3-proxy-high | route-proxy-high | route-proxy-low ] slot slot-number

·          In IRF mode:
switch-mode { bridging | ipv6
| mix-bridging-routing | normal | routing | standard-ipv6 } [ adj-proxy-high | adj-proxy-low | l3-proxy-high | route-proxy-high | route-proxy-low ] chassis chassis-number slot slot-number

By default, a module does not operate in any proxy mode.

For information about default operating modes for modules, see Table 7.

 

Enabling the port down feature globally

The port down feature applies to scenarios where two devices (one active and one standby) are used for high availability, for example, a network deployed with VRRP. This feature shuts down all service ports on the active device immediately after both MPUs on the active device are removed or reboot abnormally. The shutdown operation ensures quick service switchover to the standby device.

To enable the port down feature globally:

 

Step

Command

Remarks

1.      Enter system view.

system-view

N/A

2.      Enable the port down feature globally.

monitor handshake-timeout disable-port

By default, this feature is enabled.

 

Configuring an asset profile for a physical component

For management convenience, you can configure an asset profile for physical components, including chassis, cards, fan trays, and power modules.

To configure an asset profile for a physical component:

 

Step

Command

Remarks

1.      Enter system view.

system-view

N/A

2.      Configure an asset profile for a physical component.

·          In standalone mode:
set asset-info { chassis | fan fan-id | power power-id | slot slot-number } { csn csn-number | custom name value | department department
| description description | location location | service-date date | state state }

·          In IRF mode:
set asset-info chassis chassis-number { chassis | fan fan-id | power power-id | slot slot-number } { csn csn-number | custom name value | department department
| description description | location location | service-date date | state state }

The device does not support the following options:

·          chassis

·          fan fan-id

·          power power-id

 

Configuring hardware failure detection and protection

The device can automatically detect hardware failures on components, cards, and the forwarding plane, and take actions in response.

To view hardware failure detection and protection information, use the display hardware-failure-detection command.

Specifying the actions to be taken for hardware failures

This feature is supported only on the default MDC.

The device can take the following actions in response to hardware failures:

·           isolate—Performs the following tasks as appropriate to reduce impact from the failures:

¡  Shuts down the relevant ports.

¡  Prohibits loading software for the relevant cards.

¡  Isolates the relevant cards.

¡  Powers off the relevant cards.

·           reset—Restarts the relevant components or cards to recover from failures.

·           warning—Sends traps to report the failures.

For a card that is isolated or forbidden to load software, you can remove it and then reinstall it to restore it to operating state.

To specify the actions to be taken in response to hardware failures:

 

Step

Command

Remarks

1.      Enter system view.

system-view

N/A

2.      Specify the action to be taken in response to a type of hardware failures.

hardware-failure-detection { board | chip | forwarding } { off | isolate | reset | warning }

By default, the system takes the action of warning in response to hardware failures.

 

Enabling hardware failure protection for interfaces

IMPORTANT

IMPORTANT:

Before enabling hardware failure protection on an interface, make sure a backup link is available for service continuity.

 

This feature is supported only on the default MDC.

After you enable hardware failure protection on an interface, the system automatically shuts down the interface when it detects a hardware failure on the interface. An interface shut down this way is in Protect Down state. After the failure on an interface is removed, bring the interface up by using the undo shutdown command.

This feature does not take effect on an interface in the following situations:

·           Loopback testing is enabled (using the loopback { external | internal } command).

·           The interface is forcibly brought up (using the port up-mode command).

·           The interface is a physical IRF port.

To enable hardware failure protection for an interface:

 

Step

Command

Remarks

1.      Enter system view.

system-view

N/A

2.      Set the action to be taken in response to failures on the forwarding plane to isolate.

hardware-failure-detection forwarding isolate

By default, the system takes the action of warning (sending traps) in response to forwarding-plane failures.

3.      Enter Ethernet interface view.

interface interface-type interface-number

N/A

4.      Enable hardware failure protection for the interface.

hardware-failure-protection auto-down

By default, hardware failure protection is enabled.

 

Enabling hardware failure protection for aggregation groups

This feature is supported only on the default MDC.

Hardware failure protection for aggregation groups uses the following rules upon detecting a hardware failure on an aggregation group member interface:

·           Does not shut down the interface if the member interface is the only member in up state in the group.

·           Shuts down the interface if the member interface is not the only member in up state in the group.

This feature does not take effect on an interface in the following situations:

·           Loopback testing is enabled (by using the loopback { external | internal } command).

·           The interface is forcibly brought up (by using the port up-mode command).

·           The interface is a physical IRF port. For more information about physical IRF ports, see Virtual Technologies Configuration Guide.

To enable hardware failure protection for aggregation groups:

 

Step

Command

Remarks

1.      Enter system view.

system-view

N/A

2.      Set the action to be taken in response to failures on the forwarding plane to isolate.

hardware-failure-detection forwarding isolate

By default, the system takes the action of warning (sending traps) in response to forwarding-plane failures.

3.      Enter Ethernet interface view.

interface interface-type interface-number

N/A

4.      Disable hardware failure protection for the interface.

undo hardware-failure-protection auto-down

By default, hardware failure protection is enabled.

Configure this command on every member interface in the aggregation group.

5.      Exit to system view.

quit

N/A

6.      Enable hardware failure protection for aggregation groups.

hardware-failure-protection aggregation

By default, hardware failure protection is disabled for aggregation groups.

 

Enabling data forwarding path failure detection

This feature is supported only on the default MDC.

You can enable the device to automatically detect data forwarding path failures and output log information for notification.

To enable data forwarding path failure detection:

 

Step

Command

Remarks

1.      Enter system view.

system-view

N/A

2.      Enable data forwarding path failure detection.

forward-path-detection enable

By default, data forwarding path failure detection is enabled.

This command is supported only on the default MDC.

 

Managing power supply

and short circuit. Some power supplies use a hardware protection measure, for example, powering off the device, to protect the entire device from being damaged. The hardware protection measure helps protect the device but causes service outage. The power supply management feature can minimize service outage while protecting the device against overload problems.

The power supply management feature constantly monitors the available power and the system loads. If a potential power supply overload problem is found, this feature takes protective measures immediately to remove requirements for power supply hardware protection. Examples of protective measures include sending a notification, starting redundant power supplies, and powering off certain interface modules.

You can perform the following tasks for the power supply management feature:

·           Specifying the number of redundant power supplies

·           Setting power supply priorities for service modules

You can also manually power on or off cards.

Enabling power supply management

Step

Command

Remarks

1.      Enter system view.

system-view

N/A

2.      Enable power supply management.

·          In standalone mode:
power-supply policy enable

·          In IRF mode:
power-supply policy chassis chassis-number enable

By default, power supply management is disabled.

 

Specifying the number of redundant power supplies

About specifying the number of redundant power supplies

To avoid overload problems, you can install redundant power supplies. For example, if the device requires a minimum of N power supplies to operate correctly, you can install M power supplies (M > N). The M power supplies operate in load balance mode. When a power supply fails, the load is rebalanced among the other power supplies.

After you specify the number of redundant power supplies, the device compares the power of a newly added service module with the remaining power.

·           If the remaining power of the N power supplies is sufficient for the module, the device powers on the module.

·           If the remaining power N power supplies is insufficient, the device restores the default number of redundant power supplies and powers on the module.

Configuration restrictions and guidelines

This feature takes effect only if power supply management is enabled.

Configuration procedure

To specify the number of redundant power supplies:

 

Step

Command

Remarks

1.      Enter system view.

system-view

N/A

2.      Specify the number of redundant power supplies.

·          In standalone mode:
power-supply policy redundant module-count

·          In IRF mode:
power-supply policy chassis chassis-number redundant module-count

By default, the number of redundant power supplies is 0.

 

Setting power supply priorities for service modules

After you set power supply priorities for service modules, the power supply management feature automatically powers on the service modules of the highest priorities when power becomes sufficient. If two service modules have the same priority, the service module that has a smaller slot number has a higher priority.

Configuration restrictions and guidelines

This feature takes effect only if power supply management is enabled.

Specify higher power supply priorities for critical-service cards so they are preferentially powered.

The system automatically guarantees an interface module that holds IRF physical interfaces a higher priority.

·           After you bind interfaces on an interface module to IRF ports, the system automatically guarantees the interface module a higher priority. You cannot use this command to change the power supply priority for the card anymore.

·           If you specify a power supply priority for an interface module and then bind its interfaces to IRF ports, the priority setting is retained but does not take effect.

Configuration procedure

To specify a power supply priority for a service module:

 

Step

Command

Remarks

1.      Enter system view.

system-view

N/A

2.      Specify a power supply priority for a service module.

·          In standalone mode:
power-supply policy slot slot-number priority priority

·          In IRF mode:
power-supply policy chassis chassis-number slot slot-number priority priority

By default, the power supply priority is 5 for a service module.

A smaller priority value represents a higher priority.

 

Powering on/off a card

About powering on/off a card

You can manually power on or off cards. To view the power supply status, use the display power verbose command.

Configuration restrictions and guidelines

To power on or off a card, you must enable power supply management first.

Do not power off an interface module that contains IRF physical interfaces. (In IRF mode.)

Configuration procedure

To power on or off a card, execute one of the following commands in user view as appropriate:

 

Task

Command

Power on a card.

·          In standalone mode:
power-supply on slot slot-number

·          In IRF mode:
power-supply on chassis chassis-number slot slot-number

Power off a card.

·          In standalone mode:
power-supply off slot slot-number

·          In IRF mode:
power-supply off chassis chassis-number slot slot-number

 

Verifying and diagnosing transceiver modules

Verifying transceiver modules

You can use one of the following methods to verify the genuineness of a transceiver module:

·           Display the key parameters of a transceiver module, including its transceiver type, connector type, central wavelength of the transmit laser, transfer distance, and vendor name.

·           Display its electronic label. The electronic label is a profile of the transceiver module and contains the permanent configuration, including the serial number, manufacturing date, and vendor name. The data is written to the storage component during debugging or testing.

Install only transceiver modules that are from H3C. If you install a transceiver module that is not from H3C, the device will generate a log message to ask you to replace the module. For more information about log messages, see information center configuration in Network Management and Monitoring Configuration Guide.

To verify transceiver modules, execute the following commands in any view:

 

Task

Command

Remarks

Display the key parameters of transceiver modules.

display transceiver interface [ interface-type interface-number ]

N/A

Display the electrical label information of transceiver modules.

display transceiver manuinfo interface [ interface-type interface-number ]

This command cannot display information for some transceiver modules.

 

Diagnosing transceiver modules

The device provides the alarm and digital diagnosis features for transceiver modules. When a transceiver module fails or is not operating correctly, you can perform the following tasks:

·           Check the alarms that exist on the transceiver module to identify the fault source.

·           Examine the key parameters monitored by the digital diagnosis feature, including the temperature, voltage, laser bias current, TX power, and RX power.

To diagnose transceiver modules, execute the following commands in any view:

 

Task

Command

Remarks

Display transceiver alarms.

display transceiver alarm interface [ interface-type interface-number ]

N/A

Display the current values of the digital diagnosis parameters on transceiver modules.

display transceiver diagnosis interface [ interface-type interface-number ]

This command cannot display information about some transceiver modules.

 

Locating devices

This feature is supported in only IRF mode. You can use this feature to locate PEXs.

H3C devices provide LEDs for device locating. The locator blink blink-time command flashes the LEDs quickly for a specified period of time unless you execute the locator blink stop command. You can observe the LEDs to locate PEXs.

Execute the following commands in user view:

 

Task

Command

Flash LEDs to locate devices.

locator [ chassis { chassis-number | virtual-chassis-number slot slot-number } ] blink blink-time

Stop LED flashing.

locator [ chassis { chassis-number | virtual-chassis-number slot slot-number } ] blink stop

 

Restoring the factory-default configuration

CAUTION

CAUTION:

This task is disruptive. Use this task only when you cannot troubleshoot the device by using other methods, or you want to use the device in a different scenario.

 

This feature is supported only on the default MDC.

To restore the factory-default configuration for the device, execute the following command in user view:

 

Task

Command

Remarks

Restore the factory-default configuration for the device.

restore factory-default

This command takes effect after a device reboot.

 

Displaying and maintaining device management configuration

Execute display commands in any view. Execute the reset scheduler logfile command in user view. Execute the reset version-update-record command in system view.

Standalone mode

Task

Command

Display device alarm information.

display alarm [ slot slot-number ]

Display asset information.

The following options are not supported in the current software version: chassis, fan fan-id, and power power-id.

display asset-info { chassis | fan fan-id | power power-id | slot slot-number } [ csn | custom| department | description | location | service-date | state ]

Display the system time, date, local time zone, and daylight saving time.

display clock

Display the copyright statement.

display copyright

Display CPU usage statistics.

display cpu-usage [ summary ] [ slot slot-number [ cpu cpu-number [ core { core-number | all } ] ] ]

Display CPU usage monitoring settings.

display cpu-usage configuration [ slot slot-number [ cpu cpu-number ] ]

Display historical CPU usage statistics in a chart.

display cpu-usage history [ job job-id ] [ slot slot-number [ cpu cpu-number ] ]

Display hardware information.

display device [ flash ] [ slot slot-number | verbose ]

Display the electronic label information of the device.

display device manuinfo [ slot slot-number ]

Display the electronic label information of the specified chassis backplane.

display device manuinfo chassis-only

Display the electronic label information of a fan tray.

display device manuinfo fan fan-id

Display the electronic label information of a power module.

display device manuinfo power power-id

Display device uptime.

display device uptime

Display or save device diagnostic information.

display diagnostic-information [ hardware | infrastructure | l2 | l3 | service ] [ key-info ] [ filename ]

Display device temperature statistics.

display environment [ slot slot-number ]

Display the operating states of fans.

display fan [ fan-id ]

Display hardware failure detection and fix information.

display hardware-failure-detection

Display hardware failure protection information.

display hardware-failure-protection [ aggregation | port { auto-down | interface-type interface-number } ]

Display memory usage statistics.

display memory [ summary ] [ slot slot-number [ cpu cpu-number ] ]

Display memory alarm thresholds and statistics.

display memory-threshold [ slot slot-number [ cpu cpu-number ] ]

Display power supply management information.

display power-supply [ verbose ]

Display resource monitoring information.

display resource-monitor [ resource resource-name ] [ slot slot-number [ cpu cpu-number ] ]

Display job configuration information.

display scheduler job [ job-name ]

Display job execution log information.

display scheduler logfile

Display the automatic reboot schedule.

display scheduler reboot

Display schedule information.

display scheduler schedule [ schedule-name ]

Display operating mode and proxy mode information about all interface modules on the device.

display switch-mode status

Display system heath status information.

display system health

Display historical system heath status change information.

display system health history

Display system stability and status information.

display system stable state [ mdc { id | all } ]

Display the current system working mode.

display system-working-mode

Display system version information.

display version

Display the startup software image upgrade history records of the active MPU.

display version-update-record

Display MPU load mode information.

display xbar

Clear asset information.

The following options are not supported in the current software version: chassis, fan fan-id, and power power-id.

reset asset-info { chassis | fan fan-id | power power-id | slot slot-number } [ csn | custom | department | description | location | service-date | state ]

Clear the startup software image upgrade history records of the active MPU.

reset version-update-record

Clear job execution log information.

reset scheduler logfile

 

IRF mode

Task

Command

Display device alarm information.

display alarm [ chassis chassis-number slot slot-number ]

Display asset information.

The following options are not supported in the current software version: chassis, fan fan-id, and power power-id.

display asset-info chassis chassis-number { chassis | fan fan-id | power power-id | slot slot-number } [ csn | custom| department | description | location | service-date | state ]

Display the system time, date, local time zone, and daylight saving time.

display clock

Display the copyright statement.

display copyright

Display CPU usage statistics.

display cpu-usage [ summary ] [ chassis chassis-number slot slot-number [ cpu cpu-number [ core { core-number | all } ] ] ]

Display CPU usage monitoring settings.

display cpu-usage configuration [ chassis chassis-number slot slot-number [ cpu cpu-number ] ]

Display historical CPU usage statistics in a chart.

display cpu-usage history [ job job-id ] [ chassis chassis-number slot slot-number [ cpu cpu-number ] ]

Display hardware information.

display device [ flash ] [ chassis chassis-number [ slot slot-number ] | verbose ]

Display electronic label information for the device.

display device manuinfo [ chassis chassis-number [ slot slot-number ] ]

Display electronic label information for the specified chassis backplane.

display device manuinfo chassis chassis-number chassis-only

Display electronic label information for a fan tray.

display device manuinfo chassis { chassis-number | virtual-chassis-number slot slot-number } fan fan-id

Display electronic label information for a power module.

display device manuinfo chassis { chassis-number | virtual-chassis-number slot slot-number } power power-id

Display device uptime.

display device uptime

Display or save device diagnostic information.

display diagnostic-information [ hardware | infrastructure | l2 | l3 | service ] [ key-info ] [ filename ]

Display device temperature statistics.

display environment [ chassis chassis-number [ slot slot-number ] ]

Display the operating states of fans.

display fan [ chassis chassis-number [ fan-id ] ]

Display hardware failure detection and fix information.

display hardware-failure-detection

Display hardware failure protection information.

display hardware-failure-protection [ aggregation | port { auto-down | interface-type interface-number } ]

Display memory usage statistics.

display memory [ summary ] [ chassis chassis-number slot slot-number [ cpu cpu-number ] ]

Display memory alarm thresholds and statistics.

display memory-threshold [ chassis chassis-number slot slot-number [ cpu cpu-number ] ]

Display power supply management information.

display power-supply [ chassis chassis-number ] [ verbose ]

Display resource monitoring information.

display resource-monitor [ resource resource-name ] [ chassis chassis-number slot slot-number [ cpu cpu-number ] ]

Display job configuration information.

display scheduler job [ job-name ]

Display job execution log information.

display scheduler logfile

Display the automatic reboot schedule.

display scheduler reboot

Display schedule information.

display scheduler schedule [ schedule-name ]

Display operating mode and proxy mode information about all interface modules on an IRF member device.

display switch-mode status chassis chassis-number

Display system heath status information.

display system health [ chassis chassis-number ]

Display historical system heath status change information.

display system health history [ chassis chassis-number ]

Display system stability and status information.

display system stable state [ mdc { id | all } ]

Display the current system working mode.

display system-working-mode

Display system version information.

display version

Display the startup software image upgrade history records of the global active MPU.

display version-update-record

Display MPU load mode information.

display xbar

Clear asset information.

The following options are not supported in the current software version: chassis, fan fan-id, and power power-id.

reset asset-info chassis chassis-number { chassis | fan fan-id | power power-id | slot slot-number } [ csn | custom | department | description | location | service-date | state ]

Clear the startup software image upgrade history records of the global active MPU.

reset version-update-record

Clear job execution log information.

reset scheduler logfile

 

 

NOTE:

·       The display device command displays device information about the physical device, whether you execute the command on the default MDC or on a non-default MDC.

·       Executing one of the following commands on an MDC displays CPU or memory information for the MDC:

¡  display cpu-usage

¡  display cpu-usage configuration

¡  display cpu-usage history

¡  display memory

·       The following commands are supported only on the default MDC:

¡  display alarm

¡  display device manuinfo

¡  display device manuinfo chassis-only

¡  display device manuinfo power

¡  display environment

¡  display fan

¡  display hardware-failure-detection

¡  display memory-threshold

¡  display power-supply

¡  display system-working-mode

¡  display version-update-record

¡  reset scheduler logfile

¡  reset version-update-record