10-High Availability Command Reference

HomeSupportResource CenterH3C S6520X & S6520-SI & S5560X-HI & S5000-EI Switch Series Command References-R65xx-6W10010-High Availability Command Reference
09-BFD commands
Title Size Download
09-BFD commands 137.28 KB

BFD commands

bfd authentication-mode

Use bfd authentication-mode to configure the BFD authentication mode for single-hop BFD control packets.

Use undo bfd authentication-mode to restore the default.

Syntax

bfd authentication-mode { hmac-md5 | hmac-mmd5 | hmac-msha1 | hmac-sha1 | m-md5 | m-sha1 | md5 | sha1 | simple } key-id { cipher | plain } string

undo bfd authentication-mode

Default

Single-hop BFD control packets are not authenticated.

Views

Interface view

BFD template view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

Parameters

hmac-md5: Specifies the HMAC MD5 algorithm.

hmac-mmd5: Specifies the HMAC Meticulous MD5 algorithm.

hmac-msha1: Specifies the HMAC Meticulous SHA1 algorithm.

hmac-sha1: Specifies the HMAC SHA1 algorithm.

m-md5: Specifies the Meticulous MD5 algorithm.

m-sha1: Specifies the Meticulous SHA1 algorithm.

md5: Specifies the MD5 algorithm.

sha1: Specifies the SHA1 algorithm.

simple: Specifies the simple authentication mode.

key-id: Sets the authentication key ID in the range of 1 to 255.

cipher: Specifies a key in encrypted form.

plain: Specifies a key in plaintext form. For security purposes, the key specified in plaintext form will be stored in encrypted form.

string: Specifies the key. Its plaintext form is a case-sensitive string of 1 to 16 characters. Its encrypted form is a case-sensitive string of 33 to 53 characters.

Usage guidelines

Use this command to enhance BFD session security.

BFD version 0 does not support this command. The configuration does not take effect.

Examples

# Configure VLAN-interface 11 to perform simple authentication for single-hop BFD control packets, setting the authentication key ID to 1 and plaintext key to 123456.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] interface vlan-interface 11

[Sysname-Vlan-interface11] bfd authentication-mode simple 1 plain 123456

bfd dampening

Use bfd dampening to configure BFD session flapping suppression.

Use undo bfd dampening to disable BFD session flapping suppression.

Syntax

bfd dampening [ maximum maximum-interval initial initial-interval secondary secondary-interval ]

undo bfd dampening

Default

BFD sessions are not suppressed.

Views

System view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

Parameters

maximum-interval: Specifies the maximum amount of time a BFD session is suppressed, in the range of 1 to 3600 seconds. The default is 20 seconds.

initial-interval: Specifies the amount of time a BFD session is suppressed for the first time. The value range for the initial-interval argument is 1 to 3600 seconds. The default is 6 seconds.

secondary-interval: Specifies the amount of time a BFD session is suppressed for the second time. The value range for the secondary-interval argument is 1 to 3600 seconds. The default is 10 seconds.

Usage guidelines

When BFD detects a link failure, it tears down the BFD session and notifies the upper-layer protocol of the failure. When the upper-layer protocol re-establishes a neighbor relationship, the BFD session comes up again. BFD session flaps occur when a link fails and recovers repeatedly, which consumes significant system resources and causes network instability.

This command allows you to suppress BFD session flapping by using the initial-interval, secondary-interval, and maximum-interval arguments.

·     A BFD session is suppressed within the specified interval. The suppression time does not exceed the maximum-interval.

·     After a BFD session goes down for the second time, it cannot be re-established within the initial-interval.

·     After a BFD session goes down for the third time, it cannot be re-established within the secondary-interval.

·     After a BFD session goes down for the fourth time and at any later time, the following rules apply:

¡     If secondary-interval × 2n-3 is smaller than or equal to the maximum-interval, the BFD session cannot be re-established within the secondary-interval × 2n-3.

¡     If secondary-interval × 2n-3 is greater than the maximum-interval, the BFD session cannot be re-established within the maximum-interval.

The letter n, starting from 4, is the number of times the BFD session flaps.

Examples

# Enable BFD session flapping suppression, and set the maximum-interval, initial-interval, and secondary-interval to 12 seconds, 4 seconds, and 8 seconds, respectively.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] bfd dampening maximum 12 initial 4 secondary 8

bfd demand enable

Use bfd demand enable to enable the Demand BFD session mode.

Use undo bfd demand enable to restore the default.

Syntax

bfd demand enable

undo bfd demand enable

Default

The BFD session is in Asynchronous mode.

Views

Interface view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

Usage guidelines

In Demand mode, the device periodically sends BFD control packets. If the peer end is operating in Asynchronous mode (default), the peer end stops sending BFD control packets. If the peer end is operating in Demand mode, both ends stop sending BFD control packets. When the connectivity to another system needs to be verified explicitly, a system sends several BFD control packets with the Poll (P) bit set at the negotiated transmit interval. If no response is received within the detection interval, the session is considered down. If the connectivity is found to be up, no more BFD control packets are sent until the next command is issued.

In Asynchronous mode, the device periodically sends BFD control packets. The device considers that the session is down if it does not receive any BFD control packets within a specific interval.

BFD version 0 does not support this command. The configuration does not take effect.

Examples

# Enable the Demand BFD session mode on VLAN-interface 11.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] interface vlan-interface 11

[Sysname-Vlan-interface11] bfd demand enable

bfd detect-interface first-fail-timer

Use bfd detect-interface first-fail-timer to configure the timer that delays reporting the first BFD session establishment failure to the data link layer.

Use undo bfd detect-interface first-fail-timer to restore the default.

Syntax

bfd detect-interface first-fail-timer seconds

undo bfd detect-interface first-fail-timer

Default

The first BFD session establishment failure is not reported to the data link layer.

Views

Interface view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

Parameters

seconds: Specifies the timeout time that reports the first BFD session establishment failure to the data link layer. The value range for this argument is 1 to 10000 seconds.

Usage guidelines

If the BFD session fails to be established when the timer expires, BFD reports the failure to the data link layer and sets the data link layer state of the interface to DOWN(BFD). This behavior rapidly identifies the interfaces for which BFD sessions fail to be established. In this case, the BFD session state is displayed as Down in the display bfd session command output. The line protocol state of the interface is displayed as DOWN(BFD) in the display interface command output.

If the local end is configured with the bfd detect-interface command, the BFD session for detecting the local interface state fails to be established when the following conditions exist:

·     The remote end is not configured with the bfd detect-interface command.

·     The local and remote ends have mismatching BFD authentication settings.

Examples

# Configure the timer that delays reporting the first BFD session establishment failure as 10 seconds.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] interface vlan-interface 11

[Sysname-Vlan-interface11] bfd detect-interface first-fail-timer 10

Related commands

bfd detect-interface

display interface (Interface Command Reference)

bfd detect-interface source-ip

Use bfd detect-interface source-ip to create a BFD session for detecting the local interface state.

Use undo bfd detect-interface to remove the BFD session.

Syntax

bfd detect-interface source-ip ip-address [ discriminator local local-value remote remote-value ] [ template template-name ]

undo bfd detect-interface

Default

No BFD session is created for detecting the local interface state.

Views

Interface view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

Parameters

ip-address: Specifies the source IP address for BFD control packets.

discriminator: Specifies BFD session discriminators. If you do not specify discriminators, the device obtains BFD session discriminators through autonegotiation.

local local-value: Specifies the local discriminator. The value range for the local-value argument is 97 to 128.

remote remote-value: Specifies the remote discriminator in the range of 1 to 4294967295.

template template-name: Specifies a template by its name, a case-sensitive string of 1 to 63 characters. If you do not specify a template, the BFD session uses the BFD parameters configured in interface view.

Usage guidelines

This command implements fast collaboration between interface state and BFD session state. When BFD detects a link fault, it sets the link layer protocol state to DOWN(BFD). This behavior helps applications relying on the link layer protocol state achieve fast convergence.

The source IP address of control packets is specified manually, and the destination IP address is fixed at 224.0.0.184. As a best practice, specify the IP address of the interface as the source IP address. If the interface does not have an IP address, specify a unicast IP address other than 0.0.0.0 as the source IP address.

You can associate the state of the following interfaces with BFD:

·     Layer 2 Ethernet interfaces.

·     Member ports in a Layer 2 aggregation group.

·     Layer 3 Ethernet interfaces.

·     Member ports in a Layer 3 aggregation group.

·     Layer 3 Ethernet subinterfaces.

·     VLAN interfaces.

·     Layer 2 aggregate interfaces.

·     Layer 3 aggregate interfaces.

·     Layer 3 aggregate subinterfaces.

This command must be executed on both ends of the link for a BFD session to be established.

If you execute both the bfd detect-interface and bfd echo enable commands for an interface, only the bfd detect-interface command takes effect.

For BFD detection to take effect, do not execute this command on both a Layer 3 Ethernet interface and its subinterface.

For BFD detection to take effect, do not execute this command on both a Layer 2 Ethernet interface and the VLAN interface created for the VLAN to which the Layer 2 Ethernet interface is assigned.

To configure this command on the following interfaces at the same time, you must manually specify the local and remote discriminators on each of the interfaces:

·     A Layer 3 aggregate interface.

·     A subinterface of the Layer 3 aggregate interface.

·     A member port of the Layer 3 aggregate interface.

As a best practice, do not configure this command on these interfaces at the same time.

For BFD detection to take effect, do not execute this command on the following interfaces at the same time:

·     A Layer 2 aggregate interface.

·     A member port of the Layer 2 aggregate interface.

·     The VLAN interface to which the Layer 2 aggregate interface belongs.

If the peer device does not support obtaining BFD session discriminators through autonegotiation, you must specify the discriminators on both the local and peer devices. Without the discriminators, the BFD session cannot come up.

The BFD session discriminators must match on the local and peer devices. For example, if you configure bfd detect-interface source-ip 20.1.1.1 discriminator local 513 remote 514 on the local device, you must configure bfd detect-interface source-ip 20.1.1.2 discriminator local 514 remote 513 on the peer device.

The local discriminators of BFD sessions for interfaces on the same device must be different.

Examples

# Create a BFD session to detect the state of VLAN-interface 10, and specify the source IP address as 20.1.1.1.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] interface vlan-interface 10

[Sysname-Vlan-interface10] bfd detect-interface source-ip 20.1.1.1

bfd detect-interface special-processing

Use bfd detect-interface special-processing to enable special processing for BFD sessions.

Use undo bfd detect-interface special-processing to disable special processing for BFD sessions.

Syntax

bfd detect-interface special-processing [ admin-down | authentication-change | session-up ] *

undo bfd detect-interface special-processing [ admin-down | authentication-change | session-up ] *

Default

All types of special processing for BFD sessions are disabled.

Views

Interface view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

Parameters

admin-down: Notifies a session down event to the data link layer upon receipt of a BFD packet with the State field as AdminDown. This keyword helps rapidly discover interfaces that BFD sessions are manually shut down. If you do not specify this keyword, the device sets the BFD session state to Down, but does not notify the session down event to the data link layer.

authentication-change: Immediately sets the session to down state upon a local authentication information change. This keyword helps rapidly discover interfaces with authentication information changes. If you do not specify this keyword, the device sets the session to down state if authentication information inconsistency still persists after a period of time.

session-up: Ignores authentication information inconsistency when the local session is up. If there is a large number of BFD sessions, examining authentication information consistency affects device performance. If you do not specify this keyword, the device examines authentication information in incoming BFD packets when the local session state is up. If the authentication information does not match on the two ends, the BFD session is declared down.

Usage guidelines

If you do not specify any parameters, this command enables or disables all types of special processing.

Examples

# Enable all types of special processing for BFD sessions on VLAN-interface 11.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] interface vlan-interface 11

[Sysname-Vlan-interface11] bfd detect-interface special-processing admin-down authentication-change session-up

bfd detect-multiplier

Use bfd detect-multiplier to set the single-hop detection time multiplier for control packet mode and the detection time multiplier for echo packet mode.

Use undo bfd detect-multiplier to restore the default.

Syntax

bfd detect-multiplier value

undo bfd detect-multiplier

Default

The single-hop detection time multiplier for control packet mode and the detection time multiplier for echo packet mode are both 5.

Views

Interface view

BFD template view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

Parameters

value: Specifies a detection time multiplier. The value range for this argument is 3 to 50.

Usage guidelines

The detection time multiplier determines the maximum number of concurrent BFD packets (including control packets and echo packets) that can be discarded.

Table 1 Detection interval calculation method

Mode

Detection interval

Echo packet mode

Detection time multiplier of the sender × actual packet sending interval of the sender

Control packet mode BFD session in asynchronous mode

Detection time multiplier of the receiver × actual packet sending interval of the receiver

Control packet mode BFD session in demand mode

Detection time multiplier of the sender × actual packet sending interval of the sender

 

Examples

# Set the single-hop detection time multiplier for control packet mode and the detection time multiplier for echo packet mode to 6 on VLAN-interface 11.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] interface vlan-interface 11

[Sysname-Vlan-interface11] bfd detect-multiplier 6

bfd echo enable

Use bfd echo enable to enable the echo packet mode.

Use undo bfd echo enable to disable the echo packet mode.

Syntax

bfd echo [ receive | send ] enable

undo bfd echo [ receive | send ] enable

Default

The echo packet mode is disabled.

Views

Interface view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

Parameters

receive: Specifies the echo packet receiving capability.

send: Specifies the echo packet sending capability.

Usage guidelines

If you enable the echo packet mode for a BFD session in which control packets are sent and the session comes up, BFD performs the following operations:

·     Periodically sends echo packets to detect link connectivity.

·     Decreases the control packet receiving rate at the same time.

To enable only the echo packet receiving capability, use the bfd echo receive enable command.

To enable only the echo packet sending capability, use the bfd echo send enable command.

If you do not specify the receive or send keyword, the command enables both the echo packet receiving and sending capabilities.

If you configure both the bfd detect-interface and bfd echo enable commands for an interface, only the bfd detect-interface command takes effect.

BFD version 0 does not support this command. The configuration does not take effect.

Examples

# Enable the echo packet mode on VLAN-interface 11.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] interface vlan-interface 11

[Sysname-Vlan-interface11] bfd echo enable

bfd echo-source-ip

Use bfd echo-source-ip to configure the source IP address of BFD echo packets.

Use undo bfd echo-source-ip to remove the configured source IP address of BFD echo packets.

Syntax

bfd echo-source-ip ip-address

undo bfd echo-source-ip

Default

No source IP address is configured for BFD echo packets.

Views

System view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

Parameters

ip-address: Specifies the source IPv4 address of BFD echo packets, in dotted decimal notation. The source IPv4 address must be a valid unicast IPv4 address.

Usage guidelines

The source IP address cannot be on the same network segment as any local interface's IP address. Otherwise, a large number of ICMP redirect packets might be sent from the peer, resulting in link congestion.

Examples

# Configure the source IP address of BFD echo packets as 8.8.8.8.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] bfd echo-source-ip 8.8.8.8

bfd echo-source-ipv6

Use bfd echo-source-ipv6 to configure the source IPv6 address of BFD echo packets.

Use undo bfd echo-source-ipv6 to remove the configured source IPv6 address of BFD echo packets.

Syntax

bfd echo-source-ipv6 ipv6-address

undo bfd echo-source-ipv6

Default

No source IPv6 address is configured for BFD echo packets.

Views

System view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

Parameters

ipv6-address: Specifies the source IPv6 address for BFD echo packets.

Usage guidelines

The source IPv6 address of echo packets can only be a global unicast address.

The source IPv6 address cannot be on the same network segment as any local interface's IP address. Otherwise, a large number of ICMP redirect packets might be sent from the peer, resulting in link congestion.

Examples

# Configure the source IPv6 address of BFD echo packets as 80::2.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] bfd echo-source-ipv6 80::2

bfd min-echo-receive-interval

Use bfd min-echo-receive-interval to set the minimum interval for receiving BFD echo packets.

Use undo bfd min-echo-receive-interval to restore the default.

Syntax

bfd min-echo-receive-interval interval

undo bfd min-echo-receive-interval

Default

The minimum interval for receiving BFD echo packets is 400 milliseconds.

Views

Interface view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

Parameters

interval: Specifies the minimum interval for receiving BFD echo packets, in milliseconds. The value takes 0 or is in the range of 100 to 1000.

Usage guidelines

This command sets the BFD echo packet receiving interval, which is the actual BFD echo packet sending interval.

The local end stops sending echo packets after autonegotiation with the remote end if the following conditions are met:

·     The echo packet mode is enabled on the local end.

·     The minimum interval for receiving BFD echo packets is set to 0 milliseconds on the remote end.

Examples

# Set the minimum interval for receiving BFD echo packets to 500 milliseconds on VLAN-interface 11.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] interface vlan-interface 11

[Sysname-Vlan-interface11] bfd min-echo-receive-interval 500

bfd min-receive-interval

Use bfd min-receive-interval to set the minimum interval for receiving single-hop BFD control packets.

Use undo bfd min-receive-interval to restore the default.

Syntax

bfd min-receive-interval interval

undo bfd min-receive-interval

Default

The minimum interval for receiving single-hop BFD control packets is 400 milliseconds.

Views

Interface view

BFD template view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

Parameters

interval: Specifies the minimum interval for receiving single-hop BFD control packets, in milliseconds. The value range for this argument is 3 to 1000.

Usage guidelines

Use this command to prevent the control packet sending rate of the peer end from exceeding the control packet receiving rate of the local end.

The actual control packet sending interval of the peer end takes the greater value between the following values:

·     Minimum interval for transmitting BFD control packets on the peer end.

·     Minimum interval for receiving BFD control packets on the local end.

Examples

# Set the minimum interval for receiving single-hop BFD control packets to 500 milliseconds on VLAN-interface 11.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] interface vlan-interface 11

[Sysname-Vlan-interface11] bfd min-receive-interval 500

bfd min-transmit-interval

Use bfd min-transmit-interval to set the minimum interval for transmitting single-hop BFD control packets.

Use undo bfd min-transmit-interval to restore the default.

Syntax

bfd min-transmit-interval interval

undo bfd min-transmit-interval

Default

The minimum interval for transmitting single-hop BFD control packets is 400 milliseconds.

Views

Interface view

BFD template view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

Parameters

interval: Specifies the minimum interval for transmitting single-hop BFD control packets, in milliseconds. The value range for this argument is 3 to 1000.

Usage guidelines

Use this command to prevent the BFD packet sending rate from exceeding the device capability.

The actual BFD control packet transmitting interval on the local end is the greater value between the following values:

·     Minimum interval for transmitting BFD control packets on the local end.

·     Minimum interval for receiving BFD control packets on the peer end.

Examples

# Set the minimum interval for transmitting single-hop BFD control packets to 500 milliseconds on VLAN-interface 11.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] interface vlan-interface 11

[Sysname-Vlan-interface11] bfd min-transmit-interval 500

bfd multi-hop authentication-mode

Use bfd multi-hop authentication-mode to configure the authentication mode for multihop BFD control packets.

Use undo bfd multi-hop authentication-mode to restore the default.

Syntax

bfd multi-hop authentication-mode { hmac-md5 | hmac-mmd5 | hmac-msha1 | hmac-sha1 | m-md5 | m-sha1 | md5 | sha1 | simple } key-id { cipher | plain } string

undo bfd multi-hop authentication-mode

Default

No authentication is performed.

Views

System view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

Parameters

hmac-md5: Specifies the HMAC MD5 algorithm.

hmac-mmd5: Specifies the HMAC Meticulous MD5 algorithm.

hmac-msha1: Specifies the HMAC Meticulous SHA1 algorithm.

hmac-sha1: Specifies the HMAC SHA1 algorithm.

m-md5: Specifies the Meticulous MD5 algorithm.

m-sha1: Specifies the Meticulous SHA1 algorithm.

md5: Specifies the MD5 algorithm.

sha1: Specifies the SHA1 algorithm.

simple: Specifies the simple authentication mode.

key-id: Sets the authentication key ID in the range of 1 to 255.

cipher: Specifies a key in encrypted form.

plain: Specifies a key in plaintext form. For security purposes, the key specified in plaintext form will be stored in encrypted form.

string: Specifies the key. Its plaintext form is a case-sensitive string of 1 to 16 characters. Its encrypted form is a case-sensitive string of 33 to 53 characters.

Usage guidelines

Use this command to enhance BFD session security.

BFD version 0 does not support this command. The configuration does not take effect.

Examples

# Configure the simple authentication mode for multihop BFD control packets, setting the authentication key ID to 1 and key to 123456.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] bfd multi-hop authentication-mode simple 1 plain 123456

bfd multi-hop destination-port

Use bfd multi-hop destination-port to configure the destination port number for multihop BFD control packets.

Use undo bfd multi-hop destination-port to restore the default.

Syntax

bfd multi-hop destination-port port-number

undo bfd multi-hop destination-port

Default

The destination port number for multihop BFD control packets is 4784.

Views

System view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

Parameters

port-number: Specifies the destination port number of multihop BFD control packets, 3784 or 4784.

Examples

# Specify the destination port number for multihop BFD control packets as 3784.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] bfd multi-hop destination-port 3784

bfd multi-hop detect-multiplier

Use bfd multi-hop detect-multiplier to set the multihop detection time multiplier for control packet mode.

Use undo bfd multi-hop detect-multiplier to restore the default.

Syntax

bfd multi-hop detect-multiplier value

undo bfd multi-hop detect-multiplier

Default

The multihop detection time multiplier for control packet mode is 5.

Views

System view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

Parameters

value: Specifies the multihop detection time multiplier in the range of 3 to 50.

Usage guidelines

The detection time multiplier determines the maximum number of concurrent BFD control packets that can be discarded.

Table 2 Detection interval calculation method

Mode

Detection interval

Control packet mode BFD session in asynchronous mode

Detection time multiplier of the receiver × actual packet sending interval of the receiver

Control packet mode BFD session in demand mode

Detection time multiplier of the sender × actual packet sending interval of the sender

 

Examples

# Set the multihop detection time multiplier to 6.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] bfd multi-hop detect-multiplier 6

bfd multi-hop min-receive-interval

Use bfd multi-hop min-receive-interval to set the minimum interval for receiving multihop BFD control packets.

Use undo bfd multi-hop min-receive-interval to restore the default.

Syntax

bfd multi-hop min-receive-interval interval

undo bfd multi-hop min-receive-interval

Default

The minimum interval for receiving multihop BFD control packets is 400 milliseconds.

Views

System view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

Parameters

interval: Specifies the minimum interval for receiving multihop BFD control packets, in milliseconds. The value range for this argument is 3 to 1000.

Usage guidelines

Use this command to prevent the packet sending rate of the peer end from exceeding the packet receiving capability (minimum control packet receiving interval) of the local end. If the receiving capability is exceeded, the peer end dynamically adjusts the BFD control packet sending interval to the minimum control packet receiving interval of the local end.

Examples

# Set the minimum interval for receiving multihop BFD control packets to 500 milliseconds.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] bfd multi-hop min-receive-interval 500

bfd multi-hop min-transmit-interval

Use bfd multi-hop min-transmit-interval to set the minimum interval for transmitting multihop BFD control packets.

Use undo bfd multi-hop min-transmit-interval to restore the default.

Syntax

bfd multi-hop min-transmit-interval interval

undo bfd multi-hop min-transmit-interval

Default

The minimum interval for transmitting multihop BFD control packets is 400 milliseconds.

Views

System view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

Parameters

interval: Specifies the minimum interval for transmitting multihop BFD control packets, in milliseconds. The value range for this argument is 3 to 1000.

Usage guidelines

Use this command to prevent the BFD packet sending rate from exceeding the device capability.

The actual BFD control packet transmitting interval on the local end is the greater value between the following values:

·     Minimum interval for transmitting BFD control packets on the local end.

·     Minimum interval for receiving BFD control packets on the peer end.

Examples

# Set the minimum interval for transmitting multihop BFD control packets to 500 milliseconds.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] bfd multi-hop min-transmit-interval 500

bfd session init-mode

Use bfd session init-mode to configure the mode for establishing a BFD session.

Use undo bfd session init-mode to restore the default.

Syntax

bfd session init-mode { active | passive }

undo bfd session init-mode

Default

BFD uses the active mode.

Views

System view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

Parameters

active: Specifies the active mode. In active mode, BFD actively transmits BFD control packets to the remote device, regardless of whether it receives a BFD control packet from the remote device.

passive: Specifies the passive mode. In passive mode, BFD does not actively transmit a BFD control packet to the remote end; it transmits a BFD control packet only after receiving a BFD control packet from the remote end.

Usage guidelines

A minimum of one end must operate in active mode for a BFD session to be established.

BFD version 0 does not support this command. The configuration does not take effect.

Examples

# Configure the session establishment mode as passive.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] bfd session init-mode passive

bfd template

Use bfd template to create a BFD template and enter its view, or enter the view of an existing BFD template.

Use undo bfd template to delete the BFD template.

Syntax

bfd template template-name

undo bfd template template-name

Default

No BFD templates exist.

Views

System view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

Parameters

template-name: Specifies the template name, a case-sensitive string of 1 to 63 characters.

Examples

# Create BFD template bfd1 and enter BFD template view.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] bfd template bfd1

[Sysname-bfd-template-bfd1]

display bfd session

Use display bfd session to display BFD session information.

Syntax

display bfd session [ discriminator value | verbose ]

Views

Any view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

network-operator

Parameters

discriminator value: Specifies a local ID in the range of 1 to 4294967295. If this option is not specified, the command displays brief information about all BFD sessions.

verbose: Displays detailed BFD session information. If this keyword is not specified, the command displays brief BFD session information.

Examples

# Display brief information about all IPv4 BFD sessions.

<Sysname> display bfd session

 

 Total Session Num: 1     Up Session Num: 1     Init Mode: Active

 

 IPv4 session working in control packet mode:

 

 LD/RD          SourceAddr      DestAddr        State    Holdtime    Interface

 513/513        1.1.1.1         1.1.1.2         Up       2297ms      Vlan100

# Display detailed IPv4 BFD session information.

<Sysname> display bfd session verbose

 

 Total Session Num: 1     Up Session Num: 1     Init Mode: Active

 

 IPv4 session working in control packet mode:

 

       Local Discr: 513                  Remote Discr: 513

         Source IP: 1.1.1.1            Destination IP: 1.1.1.2

     Session State: Up                      Interface: Vlan-interface100

      Min Tx Inter: 500ms                Act Tx Inter: 500ms

      Min Rx Inter: 500ms                Detect Inter: 2500ms

          Rx Count: 42                       Tx Count: 43

      Connect Type: Direct             Running Up for: 00:00:20

         Hold Time: 2078ms                  Auth mode: None

       Detect Mode: Async                        Slot: 0

          Protocol: OSPF

          Version:1

         Diag Info: No Diagnostic

# Display brief information about all IPv6 BFD sessions.

<Sysname> display bfd session

 

 Total Session Num: 1     Up Session Num: 1     Init Mode: Active

 

 IPv6 session working in control packet mode:

 

       Local Discr: 513                  Remote Discr: 513

         Source IP: FE80::20C:29FF:FED4:7171

    Destination IP: FE80::20C:29FF:FE72:AC4D

     Session State: Up                      Interface: Vlan100

         Hold Time: 2142ms

# Display detailed IPv6 BFD session information.

<Sysname> display bfd session verbose

 

 Total Session Num: 1     Up Session Num: 1     Init Mode: Active

 

 IPv6 session working in control packet mode:

 

       Local Discr: 513                  Remote Discr: 513

         Source IP: FE80::20C:29FF:FED4:7171

    Destination IP: FE80::20C:29FF:FE72:AC4D

     Session State: Up                      Interface: Vlan-interface100

      Min Tx Inter: 500ms                Act Tx Inter: 500ms

      Min Rx Inter: 500ms                Detect Inter: 2500ms

          Rx Count: 38                       Tx Count: 38

      Connect Type: Direct             Running Up for: 00:00:15

         Hold Time: 2211ms                  Auth mode: None

       Detect Mode: Async                        Slot: 0

          Protocol: OSPFv3

          Version:1

         Diag Info: No Diagnostic

Table 3 Command output

Field

Description

Total Session Num

Total number of BFD sessions.

Up Session Num

Total number of active BFD sessions.

Init Mode

BFD operating mode: Active or passive.

IPv4 session working in control packet mode

BFD session type and operating mode:

·     IPv4 session working in control packet mode.

·     IPv4 session working in echo mode.

·     IPv6 session working in control packet mode.

·     IPv6 session working in echo mode.

Local Discr/LD

Local discriminator of the session.

Remote Discr/RD

Remote discriminator of the session.

Source IP/SourceAddr

Source IP address of the session.

Destination IP/DestAddr

Destination IP address of the session.

Session State/State

Session state: Down, Init, or Up.

Interface

Name of the interface of the session.

Min Tx Inter

Minimum BFD packet transmission interval.

Min Rx Inter

Minimum BFD packet receiving interval.

Act Tx Inter

Actual BFD packet transmission interval.

Detect Inter

Actual session detection timer.

Rx Count

Number of packets received.

Tx Count

Number of packets sent.

Hold Time/Holdtime

Length of time before the session detection timer expires, in milliseconds.

For a BFD session in Down state, this field displays 0ms.

Auth mode

Session authentication mode.

Connect Type

Connection type of the interface: Direct or indirect.

Running up for

Time period for which the session has been up.

Detect Mode

Detection mode:

·     Async—Asynchronous mode.

·     Demand—Demand mode.

·     Async/Echo—Asynchronous mode with echo detection enabled.

·     Demand/Echo—Demand mode with echo detection enabled.

Slot

Slot number.

Diag Info

Diagnostic information about the session:

·     No Diagnostic.

·     Control Detection Time Expired—A control packet mode BFD session goes down because local detection times out.

·     Echo Function Failed—An echo packet mode BFD session goes down, because local detection times out or the source IP address of echo packets is deleted.

·     Neighbor Signaled Session Down—The remote end notifies the local end of BFD session down.

·     Administratively Down—The local system prevents a BFD session from being established.

 

reset bfd session statistics

Use reset bfd session statistics to clear the BFD session statistics.

Syntax

reset bfd session statistics

Views

User view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

Examples

# Clear the BFD session statistics.

<Sysname> reset bfd session statistics

snmp-agent trap enable bfd

Use snmp-agent trap enable bfd to enable SNMP notifications for BFD.

Use undo snmp-agent trap enable bfd to disable SNMP notifications for BFD.

Syntax

snmp-agent trap enable bfd

undo snmp-agent trap enable bfd

Default

All SNMP notifications are enabled for BFD.

Views

System view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

Usage guidelines

To report critical BFD events to an NMS, enable SNMP notifications for BFD. For BFD event notifications to be sent correctly, you must also configure SNMP as described in the network management and monitoring configuration guide for the device.

Examples

# Disable SNMP notifications for BFD.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] undo snmp-agent trap enable bfd