04-Layer 3-IP Services Command Reference

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05-IP forwarding basics commands
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05-IP forwarding basics commands 42.32 KB

Basic IP forwarding commands

display fib

Use display fib to display FIB entries.

Syntax

display fib [ vpn-instance vpn-instance-name ] [ ip-address [ mask | mask-length ] ]

Views

Any view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

network-operator

Parameters

vpn-instance vpn-instance-name: Specifies a VPN instance by its name, a case-sensitive string of 1 to 31 characters. To display the FIB entries for the public network, do not specify any VPN.

ip-address: Displays the FIB entry that matches the specified destination IP address.

mask: Specifies the mask for the IP address.

mask-length: Specifies the mask length for the IP address. The value range is 0 to 32.

Usage guidelines

If you specify an IP address without a mask or mask length, this command displays the longest matching FIB entry.

If you specify an IP address and a mask or mask length, this command displays the exactly matching FIB entry.

Examples

# Display all FIB entries of the public network.

<Sysname> display fib

 

Destination count: 5 FIB entry count: 5

 

Flag:

  U:Usable   G:Gateway   H:Host   B:Blackhole   D:Dynamic   S:Static

  R:Relay     F:FRR

 

Destination/Mask   Nexthop         Flag     OutInterface/Token       Label

0.0.0.0/32         127.0.0.1       UH       InLoop0                  Null

1.1.1.0/24         192.168.126.1   USGR     M-GE0/0/0                Null

127.0.0.0/8        127.0.0.1       U        InLoop0                  Null

127.0.0.0/32       127.0.0.1       UH       InLoop0                  Null

127.0.0.1/32       127.0.0.1       UH       InLoop0                  Null

# Display the FIB entries for VPN vpn1.

<Sysname> display fib vpn-instance vpn1

Destination count: 6 FIB entry count: 6

 

Flag:

  U:Usable   G:Gateway   H:Host   B:Blackhole   D:Dynamic   S:Static

  R:Relay     F:FRR

 

Destination/Mask   Nexthop         Flag     OutInterface/Token      Label

0.0.0.0/32         127.0.0.1       UH       InLoop0                  Null

20.20.20.0/24      20.20.20.25     U        M-GE0/0/0                Null

20.20.20.0/32      20.20.20.25     UBH      M-GE0/0/0                Null

20.20.20.25/32     127.0.0.1       UH       InLoop0                  Null

20.20.20.25/32     20.20.20.25     H        M-GE0/0/0                Null

20.20.20.255/32    20.20.20.25     UBH      M-GE0/0/0                Null

# Display the FIB entries matching the destination IP address 10.2.1.1.

<Sysname> display fib 10.2.1.1

 

Destination count: 1 FIB entry count: 1

 

Flag:

  U:Usable   G:Gateway   H:Host   B:Blackhole   D:Dynamic   S:Static

  R:Relay     F:FRR

 

Destination/Mask   Nexthop         Flag     OutInterface/Token       Label

10.2.1.1/32        127.0.0.1       UH       InLoop0                  Null

Table 1 Command output

Field

Description

Destination count

Total number of destination addresses.

FIB entry count

Total number of FIB entries.

Destination/Mask

Destination address and the mask length.

Nexthop

Next hop address.

Flag

Flags of routes:

·         U—Usable route.

·         G—Gateway route.

·         H—Host route.

·         B—Blackhole route.

·         D—Dynamic route.

·         S—Static route.

·         R—Relay route.

·         F—Fast reroute.

OutInterface/Token

Output interface/LSP index number.

Label

Inner label.

 

ip forwarding-table save

Use ip forwarding-table save to save the IP forwarding entries to a file.

Syntax

ip forwarding-table save filename filename

Views

Any view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

Parameters

filename filename: Specifies the name of a file, a string of 1 to 255 characters. For information about the filename argument, see Fundamentals Configuration Guide.

Usage guidelines

The command automatically creates the file if you specify a nonexistent file. If the file already exists, this command overwrites the file content.

To automatically save the IP forwarding entries periodically, configure a schedule for the device to automatically run the ip forwarding-table save command. For information about scheduling a task, see Fundamentals Configuration Guide.

Examples

# Save the IP forwarding entries to the fib.txt file.

<Sysname> ip forwarding-table save filename fib.txt


Load sharing commands

ip load-sharing local-first enable

Use ip load-sharing local-first enable to enable local-first load sharing.

Use undo ip load-sharing local-first enable to disable local-first load sharing.

Syntax

ip load-sharing local-first enable

undo ip load-sharing local-first enable

Default

Local-first load sharing is enabled.

Views

System view

Predefined user roles

network-admin

Examples

# Enable local-first load sharing.

<Sysname> system-view

[Sysname] ip load-sharing local-first enable