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03-典型配置案例(AC+FIT AP)

04-H3C无线控制器IPv6三层注册典型配置举例(V7)

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04-H3C无线控制器IPv6三层注册典型配置举例(V7)

H3C 无线控制器

IPv6三层注册典型配置举例(V7)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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1  简介

本文档介绍AP与AC间通过三层网络完成注册的配置举例。

2  配置前提

本文档适用于使用Comware V7软件版本的无线控制器和接入点产品,不严格与具体硬件版本对应,如果使用过程中与产品实际情况有差异,请参考相关产品手册,或以设备实际情况为准。

本文档中的配置均是在实验室环境下进行的配置和验证,配置前设备的所有参数均采用出厂时的缺省配置。如果您已经对设备进行了配置,为了保证配置效果,请确认现有配置和以下举例中的配置不冲突。

本文档假设您已了解IPv6基础与WLAN接入相关特性。

3  IPv6三层网络注册配置举例

3.1  组网需求

图1所示,集中式转发架构下,无线客户端Client、有线客户端Host通过L3 switch与AC相连,L3 switch做DHCPv6 server为AP、Client和Host分配IPv6地址。需要实现无线客户端Client通过AP连接到AC上,并能与有线客户端Host互相访问,具体要求如下:

·            无线客户端Client通过VLAN 200接入网络,有线客户端Host通过VLAN 300接入网络;

·            AC属于VLAN 100,AP属于VLAN 400,AC和AP之间跨三层网络建立连接。

图1 Fit AP通过三层网络注册到AC配置举例组网图

 

3.2  配置思路

·            在L3 switch上配置DHCPv6 server服务,使AP、无线客户端Client和有线客户端Host都能通过DHCPv6 server自动获取IPv6地址。

·            在L3 switch和AC上配置到达对端网段的静态路由。

·            在AC上配置无线服务,确保Client可以通过配置的无线服务接入网络,并访问Host。

3.3  配置注意事项

·            配置AP的序列号时请确保该序列号与AP唯一对应,AP的序列号可以通过AP设备背面的标签获取。

·            配置L3 switch和AP相连的接口禁止VLAN 1报文通过,以防止VLAN 1内报文过多。

3.4  配置步骤

3.4.1  配置AC

(1)       配置AC的接口

# 创建VLAN 100及其对应的VLAN接口,并为该接口配置IPv6地址。AP将通过该VLAN与AC建立CAPWAP隧道。

<AC> system-view

[AC] vlan 100

[AC-vlan100] quit

[AC] interface vlan-interface100

[AC-Vlan-interface100] ipv6 address 1::1:0:0:1/96

[AC-Vlan-interface100] quit

# 创建VLAN 200,AC需要使用该VLAN转发无线客户端数据报文。

[AC] vlan 200

[AC-vlan200] quit

# 配置AC和L3 switch相连的接口GigabitEthernet1/0/1为Trunk类型,禁止VLAN 1报文通过,允许VLAN 100和VLAN 200通过。

[AC] interface gigabitethernet 1/0/1

[AC-GigabitEthernet1/0/1] port link-type trunk

[AC-GigabitEthernet1/0/1] undo port trunk permit vlan 1

[AC-GigabitEthernet1/0/1] port trunk permit vlan 100 200

[AC-GigabitEthernet1/0/1] quit

(2)       配置三层路由

# 配置AC到1::2:0:0:0网段的静态路由,指定下一跳的IP地址为1::1:0:0:2。

[AC] ipv6 route-static 1::4:0:0:0 96 1::1:0:0:2

(3)       配置无线服务

# 创建无线服务模板1,并进入无线服务模板视图。

[AC] wlan service-template 1

# 配置SSID为service。

[AC-wlan-st-1] ssid service

# 使能服务模板。

[AC-wlan-st-1] service-template enable

# 开启通过DHCPv6方式学习客户端IPv6地址功能。

[AC-wlan-st-1] client ipv6-snooping dhcpv6-learning enable

[AC-wlan-st-1] quit

(4)       配置AP

# 创建手工AP,名称为officeap,型号名称为WA4320i-ACN

[AC] wlan ap officeap model WA4320i-ACN

# 设置AP的序列号为210235A1GQB147031200。

[AC-wlan-ap-officeap] serial-id 210235A1GQB147031200

# 进入AP的Radio 1视图,并将无线服务模板1绑定到Radio 1上,并指定客户端上线的VLANVLAN 200

[AC-wlan-ap-officeap] radio 1

[AC-wlan-ap-officeap-radio-1] service-template 1 vlan 200

# 开启Radio 1的射频功能。

[AC-wlan-ap-officeap-radio-1] radio enable

[AC-wlan-ap-officeap-radio-1] return

3.4.2  配置L3 switch

(1)       配置L3 switch的接口

# 创建VLAN 400和VLAN 100,并配置IP地址,用于转发AC和AP间的CAPWAP隧道内的流量。

<L3 switch> system-view

[L3 switch] vlan 100

[L3 switch-vlan100] quit

[L3 switch] interface vlan-interface 100

[L3 switch-Vlan-interface100] ipv6 address 1::1:0:0:2/96

[L3 switch-Vlan-interface100] quit

[L3 switch] vlan 400

[L3 switch-vlan400] quit

[L3 switch] interface vlan-interface 400

[L3 switch-Vlan-interface400] ipv6 address 1::4:0:0:1/96

[L3 switch-Vlan-interface400] quit

# 创建VLAN 200,并为该接口配置IP地址。Client使用该VLAN接入无线网络

[L3 switch] vlan 200

[L3 switch-vlan200] quit

[L3 switch] interface vlan-interface 200

[L3 switch-Vlan-interface200] ipv6 address 1::2:0:0:1/96

[L3 switch-Vlan-interface200] quit

# 创建VLAN 300,并为该接口配置IP地址。Host使用VLAN与AC建立连接。

[L3 switch] vlan 300

[L3 switch-vlan300] quit

[L3 switch] interface vlan-interface 300

[L3 switch-Vlan-interface300] ipv6 address 1::3:0:0:1/96

[L3 switch-Vlan-interface300] quit

# 配置L3 switch和AC相连的接口GigabitEthernet1/0/1为Trunk类型,禁止VLAN 1报文通过,允许VLAN100和VLAN 200通过。

[L3 switch] interface gigabitEthernet 1/0/1

[L3 switch-GigabitEthernet1/0/1] port link-type trunk

[L3 switch-GigabitEthernet1/0/2] undo port trunk permit vlan 1

[L3 switch-GigabitEthernet1/0/1] port trunk permit vlan 100 200

[L3 switch-GigabitEthernet1/0/1] quit

# 配置L3 switch和AP相连的接口GigabitEthernet1/0/2为Trunk类型,禁止VLAN 1报文通过,允许VLAN 400和VLAN 200通过,当前Trunk口的PVID为400。

[L3 switch] interface gigabitEthernet 1/0/2

[L3 switch-GigabitEthernet1/0/2] port link-type trunk

[L3 switch-GigabitEthernet1/0/2] undo port trunk permit vlan 1

[L3 switch-GigabitEthernet1/0/2] port trunk permit vlan 200 400

[L3 switch-GigabitEthernet1/0/2] port trunk pvid vlan 400

[L3 switch-GigabitEthernet1/0/2] quit

# 配置L3 switch和Host相连的接口GigabitEthernet1/0/3为Access类型,允许VLAN 300通过。

[L3 switch] interfac gigabitEthernet 1/0/3

[L3 switch-GigabitEthernet1/0/3] port access vlan 300

[L3 switch-GigabitEthernet1/0/3] quit

(2)       配置DHCPv6服务

# 配置接口Vlan-interface200、Vlan-interface300和Vlan-interface400工作在DHCPv6服务器模式。

[L3 switch] interface vlan-interface 200

[L3 switch-Vlan-interface200] ipv6 dhcp select server

[L3 switch-Vlan-interface200] ipv6 dhcp server apply pool 1

[L3 switch-Vlan-interface200] interface vlan-interface 300

[L3 switch-Vlan-interface300] ipv6 dhcp select server

[L3 switch-Vlan-interface300] ipv6 dhcp server apply pool 2

[L3 switch-Vlan-interface300] interface vlan-interface 400

[L3 switch-Vlan-interface400] ipv6 dhcp select server

[L3 switch-Vlan-interface200] ipv6 dhcp server apply pool 3

# 取消设备发布RA消息的抑制功能。配置被管理地址的配置标志位为1,即主机通过DHCPv6服务器获取IPv6地址。配置其他信息配置标志位为1,即主机通过DHCPv6服务器获取除IPv6地址以外的其他信息。

[L3 switch-Vlan-interface400] interface vlan-interface 200

[L3 switch-Vlan-interface200] undo ipv6 nd ra halt

[L3 switch-Vlan-interface200] ipv6 nd autoconfig managed-address-flag

[L3 switch-Vlan-interface200] ipv6 nd autoconfig other-flag

[L3 switch-Vlan-interface200] interface vlan-interface 300

[L3 switch-Vlan-interface300] undo ipv6 nd ra halt

[L3 switch-Vlan-interface300] ipv6 nd autoconfig managed-address-flag

[L3 switch-Vlan-interface300] ipv6 nd autoconfig other-flag

[L3 switch-Vlan-interface300] interface vlan-interface 400

[L3 switch-Vlan-interface400] undo ipv6 nd ra halt

[L3 switch-Vlan-interface400] ipv6 nd autoconfig managed-address-flag

[L3 switch-Vlan-interface400] ipv6 nd autoconfig other-flag

[L3 switch-Vlan-interface400] quit

# 配置DHCPv6地址池1,为1::2:0:0:0/96网段的Client分配IPv6地址等参数。

[L3 switch] ipv6 dhcp pool 1

[L3 switch-dhcp6-pool-1] network 1::2:0:0:0/96

[L3 switch-dhcp6-pool-1] quit

# 配置DHCPv6地址池2,为1::3:0:0:0/96网段的Host分配IPv6地址等参数。

[L3 switch] ipv6 dhcp pool 2

[L3 switch-dhcp6-pool-2] network 1::3:0:0:0/96

[L3 switch-dhcp6-pool-2] quit

# 配置DHCPv6地址池3,为1::4:0:0:0/96网段的AP分配IPv6地址等参数,并通过自定义选项的方式配置option 52的内容,为AP指定AC的IPv6地址1::1:0:0:1。

[L3 switch] ipv6 dhcp pool 3

[L3 switch-dhcp6-pool-3] network 1::4:0:0:0/96

[L3 switch-dhcp6-pool-3] option 52 hex 00010000000000000001000000000001

[L3 switch-dhcp6-pool-3] quit

3.5  验证配置

(1)       在AC上查看到AP注册信息

# 在AC上使用命令display wlan ap all查看AP,可以看到AP的状态是R/M,表明AP已经成功注册到AC。

<AC> display wlan ap all                                                           

Total number of APs: 1                                                         

Total number of connected APs: 1                                               

Total number of connected manual APs: 1                                        

Total number of connected auto APs: 0

Total number of connected common APs: 1

Total number of connected WTUs: 0                                         

Total number of inside APs: 0                                        

Maximum supported APs: 3072                                                     

Remaining APs: 3071                                                            

Total AP licenses: 512                                              

Local AP licenses: 512

Server AP licenses: 0

Remaining Local AP licenses: 511                                                

Sync AP licenses: 0

                                                                               

                                 AP information                                

 State : I = Idle,      J  = Join,        JA = JoinAck,    IL = ImageLoad       

          C = Config,    DC = DataCheck,  R  = Run,   M = Master,  B = Backup   

                                                                               

AP name                APID    State   Model             Serial ID             

officeap               1        R/M     WA4320i-ACN      210235A1GQB147031200 

(2)       在AC上查看Client信息

# 在AC上使用命令display wlan client ipv6查看在线Client,可以看到Client已经连接到AP的radio1。

<AC> display wlan client ipv6

Total number of clients: 1

                                                                               

MAC address     AP name               RID  IPv6 address              VLAN

784f-43b6-077c officeap              1     1::2:0:0:2                200

(3)       Host与Client可以相互ping通

# Client通过DHCP server获取到IPv6地址1::2:0:0:2,在Host上ping Client的IPv6地址可以ping通。同理,在Client上ping Host的IPv6地址也能ping通,不再赘述。

C:\Users\system32>ping 1::2:0:0:2 -t

 

Pinging 1::2:0:0:2 with 32 bytes of data:

Reply from 1::2:0:0:2: bytes=32 time=2470ms TTL=63

Reply from 1::2:0:0:2: bytes=32 time=2ms TTL=63

Reply from 1::2:0:0:2: bytes=32 time=1427ms TTL=63

Reply from 1::2:0:0:2: bytes=32 time=2ms TTL=63

Reply from 1::2:0:0:2: bytes=32 time=86ms TTL=63

Reply from 1::2:0:0:2: bytes=32 time=142ms TTL=63

Reply from 1::2:0:0:2: bytes=32 time=561ms TTL=63

Reply from 1::2:0:0:2: bytes=32 time=84ms TTL=63

Reply from 1::2:0:0:2: bytes=32 time=465ms TTL=63

Reply from 1::2:0:0:2: bytes=32 time=114ms TTL=63

Reply from 1::2:0:0:2: bytes=32 time=124ms TTL=63

Reply from 1::2:0:0:2: bytes=32 time=446ms TTL=63

 

Ping statistics for 1::2:0:0:2:

    Packets: Sent = 12, Received = 12, Lost = 0 (0% loss),

Approximate round trip times in milli-seconds:

    Minimum = 2ms, Maximum = 2470ms, Average = 495ms

Control-C

^C

C:\Users\system32>

3.6  配置文件

·            AC

#                                                                                                 

vlan 100                                                                                         

#                                                                                                 

vlan 200                                                                                         

#                                                                                                 

interface Vlan-interface100                                                                  

 ipv6 address 1::1:0:0:1/96                                                                  

#                                                                                                 

wlan service-template 1                                                                       

 ssid service                                                                                   

 client ipv6-snooping dhcpv6-learning enable                                             

 service-template enable                                                                      

#                                                                                                 

interface GigabitEthernet1/0/1                                                              

 port link-type trunk                                                                         

 undo port trunk permit vlan 1                                                             

 port trunk permit vlan 100 200                                                             

#                                                                                                 

ipv6 route-static 1::4:0:0:0 96 1::1:0:0:2                                                

#                                                                                                 

wlan ap officeap model WA4320i-ACN                                                         

 serial-id 210235A1GQB147031200                                                             

 vlan 1                                                                                          

 radio 1                                                                                        

  radio enable                                                                                 

  service-template 1 vlan 200                                                               

 radio 2                                                                                        

#                                                                                                

·            L3 switch

#                                                                                                

vlan 100                                                                                        

#                                                                                                

vlan 200                                                                                        

#                                                                                                

vlan 300                                                                                        

#                                                                                                

vlan 400                                                                                        

#                                                                                                

ipv6 dhcp pool 1                                                                              

 network 1::2:0:0:0/96                                                                       

#                                                                                                

ipv6 dhcp pool 2                                                                              

network 1::3:0:0:0/96                                                                        

#                                                                                                

ipv6 dhcp pool 3                                                                              

 network 1::4:0:0:0/96                                                                       

 option 52 hex 00010000000000000001000000000001                                         

#                                                                                                

interface Vlan-interface100                                                                 

 ipv6 address 1::1:0:0:2/96                                                                 

#                                                                                                

interface Vlan-interface200                                                                 

 ipv6 dhcp select server                                                                     

 ipv6 dhcp server apply pool 1                                                             

 ipv6 address 1::2:0:0:1/96                                                                

 ipv6 nd autoconfig managed-address-flag                                                 

 ipv6 nd autoconfig other-flag                                                            

 undo ipv6 nd ra halt                                                                       

#                                                                                               

interface Vlan-interface300                                                                

 ipv6 dhcp select server                                                                    

 ipv6 dhcp server apply pool 2                                                            

 ipv6 address 1::3:0:0:1/96                                                               

 ipv6 nd autoconfig managed-address-flag                                                

 ipv6 nd autoconfig other-flag                                                            

 undo ipv6 nd ra halt                                                                        

#                                                                                                

interface Vlan-interface400                                                                

 ipv6 dhcp select server                                                                   

 ipv6 dhcp server apply pool 3                                                            

 ipv6 address 1::4:0:0:1/96                                                               

 ipv6 nd autoconfig managed-address-flag                                                

 ipv6 nd autoconfig other-flag                                                           

 undo ipv6 nd ra halt                                                                       

#                                                                                               

interface GigabitEthernet1/0/1                                                            

 port link-type trunk                                                                       

 undo port trunk permit vlan 1                                                            

 port trunk permit vlan 100 200                                                           

#                                                                                               

interface GigabitEthernet1/0/2                                                            

 port link-type trunk                                                                       

 undo port trunk permit vlan 1                                                            

 port trunk permit vlan 200 400                                                           

 port trunk pvid vlan 400                                                                  

#                                                                                               

interface GigabitEthernet1/0/3                                                            

 port access vlan 300                                                                       

#                                                                                               

4  相关资料

·            《H3C无线控制器产品 配置指导》中的“网络互通配置指导”。

·            《H3C无线控制器产品 命令参考》中的“网络互通命令参考”。

·            《H3C无线控制器产品 配置指导》中的“AP管理配置指导”。

·            《H3C无线控制器产品 命令参考》中的“AP管理命令参考”。

不同款型规格的资料略有差异, 详细信息请向具体销售和400咨询。H3C保留在没有任何通知或提示的情况下对资料内容进行修改的权利!