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附录 A 缩略语表

# A B C D E F G H I L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Z

缩略语

英语解释

中文解释

A

 

                                          Return

AAL5

ATM Adaptation Layer 5

ATM适配层5

ABR

Area Border Router

区域边界路由器

ACCM

Asynchronous Control Character Map

异步控制字符映射

ACFP

Application Control Forwarding Protocol

应用控制转发协议

ACL

Access Control List

访问控制列表

ACS

Auto-Configuration Server

自动配置服务器

AES

Advanced Encryption Standard

高级加密标准

AH

Authentication Header

认证头

ALG

Application Level Gateway

应用层网关

ARP

Address Resolution Protocol

地址解析协议

AS

Autonomous System

自治系统

ASBR

Autonomous System Border Router

自治系统边界路由器

ASM

Any-Source Multicast

任意信源组播

ASPF

Application Specific Packet Filter

基于应用层状态的包过滤

ATD

Attribute Discovery

属性发现

ATM

Asynchronous Transfer Mode

异步传输模式

AU

Administration Unit

管理单元

AVP

Attribute Value Pair

属性值对

B

 

                                          Return

BAS

Broadband Access Server

宽带接入服务器

BC

Bandwidth Constraint

带宽约束

BDR

Backup Designated Router

备份指定路由器

BFD

Bidirectional Forwarding Detection

双向转发检测

BGP

Border Gateway Protocol

边界网关协议

BGP-4

RFC 1771

已更新至RFC 4271

BIMS

Branch Intelligent Management System

分支网点智能管理系统

BOOTP

Bootstrap Protocol

自举协议

BPDU

Bridge Protocol Data Unit

桥协议数据单元

BSB

Blockade State Block

阻塞状态块

BSR

BootStrap Router

自举路由器

C

 

                                          Return

CA

Certificate Authority

证书机构

CAR

Committed Access Rate

承诺访问速率

CBR

Constant Bit Rate

确定比特率

CBS

Committed Burst Size

承诺突发尺寸

C-BSR

Candidate-BSR

候选BSR

CBT

Core-Based Tree

有核树

CC

Continuity Check

连续性检测

CCC

Circuit Cross Connect

电路交叉连接

CCM

Continuity Check Message

连续性检测报文

CDP

Cisco Discovery Protocol

思科发现协议

CE

Customer Edge

用户边缘

CFD

Connectivity Fault Detection

连通错误检测

CFI

Canonical Format Indicator

标准格式指示位

CFM

Connectivity Fault Management

连通错误管理

CHAP

Challenge Handshake Authentication Protocol

质询握手验证协议

CIDR

Classless Inter-Domain Routing

无类域间路由

CIR

Committed Information Rate

承诺信息速率

CIST

Common and Internal Spanning Tree

公共和内部生成树

CPE

Customer Premises Equipment

用户侧设备

CR

Constraint-based Routing

基于约束的路由

CR-LDP

Constraint-based Routed Label Distribution Protocol

基于约束路由的LDP

CR-LSP

Constraint-based Routed Label Switched Paths

基于约束路由的LSP

C-RP

Candidate RP

候选RP

CSNP

Complete SNP

全时序报文

CSPF

Constraint-based Shortest Path First

基于约束的最短路径优先

CST

Common Spanning Tree

公共生成树

D

 

                                          Return

DAR

Deeper Application Recognition

深度应用识别

DCC

Dial Control Center

拨号控制中心

DCE

Data Circuit-terminating Equipment

数据电路终接设备

DD

Database Description

数据库描述

DER

Distinguished Encoding Rules

特异编码规则

DES

Data Encryption Standard

数据加密标准

DF

Designated Forwarder

指定转发者

DH

Diffie-Hellman

交换及密钥分发

DHCP

Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol

动态主机配置协议

DHCPv6

Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol for IPv6

支持IPv6的动态主机配置协议

DiffServ

Differentiated Service

区分业务模型

DLCI

Data Link Connection Identifier

数据链路连接标识

DLDP

Device Link Detection Protocol

设备链路检测协议

DM

Dense Mode

密集模式

DN

Distinguished Name

可识别名称

DNS

Domain Name System

域名系统

DoD

Downstream On Demand

下游按需方式

DoS

Denial of Service

拒绝服务

DPD

Dead Peer Detection

对等体存活检测

DR

Designated Router

指定路由器

DS

Differentiated Services

差分服务

DSA

Digital Signature Algorithm

数字签名算法

DSCP

Differentiated Services Codepoint

差分服务编码点

DTE

Data Terminal Equipment

数据终端设备

DU

Downstream Unsolicited

下游自主方式

DUID

DHCP Unique Identifier

DHCP唯一标识符

DUID-LL

DUID Based on Link-layer Address

基于链路层地址的DUID

DVMRP

Distance Vector Multicast Routing Protocol

距离矢量组播路由协议

DWDM

Dense Wavelength Division Multiplexing

密级波分复用

E

 

                                          Return

EAD

Endpoint Admission Defense

端点准入防御

EAP

Extensible Authentication Protocol

可扩展认证协议

EAPOL

Extensible Authentication Protocol over LAN

局域网上的可扩展认证协议

EBS

Excess Burst Size

超出突发尺寸

EGP

Exterior Gateway Protocol

外部网关协议

End-Of-RIB

End of Routing-Information-Base

路由信息库结束

ERT

Export Route-target

引出路由标识

ESP

Encapsulating Security Payload

封装安全载荷

F

 

                                          Return

FEC

Forwarding Equivalence Class

转发等价类

FIB

Forwarding Information Base

转发信息表

FQDN

Fully Qualified Domain Name

合格域名

FRR

Fast ReRoute

快速重路由

FTN

FEC to NHLFE map

FECNHLFE表项的映射

FTP

File Transfer Protocol

文件传输协议

G

 

                                          Return

GARP

Generic Attribute Registration Protocol

通用属性注册协议

GBIC

Gigabit Interface Converter

千兆以太网接口转换器

GR

Graceful Restart

平滑重启

GRE

Generic Routing Encapsulation

通用路由封装

GVRP

GARP VLAN Registration Protocol

GARP VLAN注册协议

H

 

                                          Return

HA

High Availability

高可靠性

HDLC

High-level Data Link Control

高级数据链路控制

HGMP

HW Group Management Protocol

HW组管理协议

HTTP

Hyper Text Transport Protocol

超级文本传输协议

HWTACACS

HW Terminal Access Controller Access Control System

HW终端访问控制器控制系统协议

I

 

                                          Return

IA

Identity Association

标识联盟

IANA

Internet Assigned Numbers Authority

互联网编号分配委员会

IBGP

Internal Border Gateway Protocol

内部边界网关协议

ICMP

Internet Control Message Protocol

Internet控制消息协议

ICMPv6

Internet Control Message Protocol for IPv6

IPv6的因特网控制报文协议

ICPIF

Calculated Planning Impairment Factor

计算计划损伤元素

IDS

Intrusion Detection System

入侵检测系统

IEEE

Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers

电气和电子工程师学会

IETF

Internet Engineering Task Force

Internet工程任务组

IGMP

Internet Group Management Protocol

互联网组管理协议

IGP

Interior Gateway Protocol

内部网关协议

IKE

Internet Key Exchange

因特网密钥交换

ILM

Incoming Label Map

入标签映射

ILS

Internet Locator Server

Internet定位服务

InARP

Inverse Address Resolution Protocol

逆向地址解析协议

IntServ

Integrated Service

综合业务模型

IPC

Inter-process Communication

进程间通信

IPng

IP Next Generation

下一代因特网

IPS

Intrusion Prevention System

入侵抵御系统

IPv6

Internet Protocol Version 6

因特网协议版本6

IRF

Intelligent Resilient Framework

智能弹性架构

ISAKMP

Internet Security Association and Key Management Protocol

互联网安全联盟和密钥管理协议

ISATAP

Intra-Site Automatic Tunnel Addressing Protocol

站点内自动隧道寻址协议

IS-IS

Intermediate System-to-Intermediate System intra-domain routing information exchange protocol

中间系统到中间系统的域内路由信息交换协议

ISP

Internet Service Provider

因特网服务提供商

IST

Internal Spanning Tree

内部生成树

L

 

                                          Return

L2F

Layer 2 Forwarding

二层转发

L2TP

Layer 2 Tunneling Protocol

二层隧道协议

LAC

L2TP Access Concentrator

L2TP访问集中器

LACP

Link Aggregation Control Protocol

链路聚合控制协议

LACPDU

Link Aggregation Control Protocol Data Unit

链路聚合控制协议数据单元

LBM

Loopback Message

环回报文

LBR

Loopback Replay

环回应答报文

LCP

Link Control Protocol

链路控制协议

LDAP

Lightweight Directory Access Protocol

轻量级目录访问协议

LDP

Label Distribution Protocol

标签分发协议

LER

Label Edge Router

标签边缘路由器

LFI

Link Fragmentation and Interleaving

链路分片与交叉

LFIB

Label Forwarding Information Base

标签转发表

LLDP

Link Layer Discovery Protocol

链路层发现协议

LLDPDU

Link Layer Discovery Protocol Data Unit

链路层发现协议数据单元

LLDP-MED

Media Endpoint Discovery

媒体终端发现

LLQ

Low Latency Queuing

低延迟队列

LMI

Local Management Interface

本地管理接口

LNS

L2TP Network Server

L2TP网络服务器

LR

Line Rate

物理接口限速

LSA

Link State Advertisement

链路状态通告

LSAck

Link State Acknowledgment

链路状态确认

LSDB

Link State Database

链路状态数据库

LSP

Label Switch Path

标签交换路径

LSR

Link State Request

链路状态请求

LSU

Link State Update

链路状态更新

LTM

Linktrace Message

链路跟踪报文

LTR

Linktrace Reply

链路跟踪应答报文

M

 

                                          Return

MAC

Media Access Control

媒体访问控制

MAC

Message Authentication Code

消息验证码

MAD

Multi-Active Detection

Active检测

MBGP

IPv6 Multicast BGP

IPv6 组播BGP

MBGP

Multicast BGP

组播BGP

MCE

Multi-VPN-instance Customer Edge

多实例用户网络边界设备

MD

Multicast Domain

组播域

MDI

Medium Dependent Interface

介质相关接口

MIB

Management Information Base

管理信息库

MLD

Multicast Listener Discovery Protocol

组播侦听者发现协议

MOS

Mean Opinion Scores

平均意见得分

MP-BGP

MultiProtocol Border Gateway Protocol

多协议边界网关协议

MPLS

MultiProtocol Label Switching

多协议标签交换

MSDP

Multicast Source Discovery Protocol

组播源发现协议

MSTI

Multiple Spanning Tree Instance

多生成树实例

MSTP

Multiple Spanning Tree Protocol

多生成树协议

MTBF

Mean Time Between Failures

平均故障间隔时间

MTTR

Mean Time to Repair

平均修复时间

MTU

Max Transmission Unit

最大传输单元

N

 

                                          Return

NAPT

Network Address Port Translation

网络地址端口转换

NAPT-PT

Network Address Port Translation-Protocol Translation

附带协议转换的网络地址端口转换

NAS

Network Access Server

网络接入服务器

NAT

Network Address Translation

网络地址转换

NAT-PT

Network Address Translation-Protocol Translation

附带协议转换的网络地址转换

NBMA

Non-Broadcast Multi-Access

非广播多点可达网络

ND

Neighbor Discovery

邻居发现

NET

Network Entity Title

网络实体名称

NHLFE

Next Hop Label Forwarding Entry

下一跳标签转发项

NLPID

Network Layer Protocol Identifier

网络层协议标识符

NLRI

Network Layer Reachability Information

网络层可达性信息

NMS

Network Management System

网络管理系统

NMS

Network Management Station

网管工作站

NNI

Network-to-Network Interface

网间网接口

NQA

Network Quality Analyzer

网络质量分析

NSR

Non-stop Routing

不间断路由

NTP

Network Time Protocol

网络时间协议

O

 

                                          Return

OAA

Open Application Architecture

开放应用架构

OAMPDU

OAM Protocol Data Units

OAM协议数据单元

OAP

Open Application Platform

开放应用平台

OC

Optical Carrier

光载波

OID

Object Identifier

对象标识符

OSPF

Open Shortest Path First

开放式最短路径优先

Owner

Virtual Forwarder Owner

虚拟转发器拥有者

P

 

                                          Return

P2MP

Point-to-MultiPoint

点到多点

P2P

Peer to Peer

对等网络

P2P

Point-to-Point

点到点

PAGP

Port Aggregation Protocol

端口聚合协议

PAM

Port to Application Map

应用协议端口映射

PAP

Password Authentication Protocol

密码验证协议

PCM

Pulse Code Modulation

脉冲编码调制

PCR

peak cell rate

峰值信元速率

PD

Prefix Delegation

前缀授权

PDU

Protocol Data Unit

协议数据单元

PE

Provider Edge

服务提供商边缘设备

PFS

Perfect Forward Secrecy

完善的前向安全

PFS

Perfect Forward Secrecy

完善的前向安全性

PHP

Penultimate Hop Popping

倒数第二跳弹出

PIM

Protocol Independent Multicast

协议无关组播

PKCS

Public Key Cryptography Standards

公共密钥加密标准

PKI

Public Key Infrastructure

公钥基础设施

PMTU

Path MTU

路径MTU

POH

Path Overhead

通道开销字节

PPP

Point-to-Point Protocol

点对点协议

PPTP

Point-to-Point Tunneling Protocol

点到点隧道协议

PSB

Path State Block

路径状态块

PSNP

Partial SNP

部分时序报文

PSTN

Public Switched Telephone Network

公共电话交换网

PVC

Permanent Virtual Channel

永久虚通路

PVST

Per VLAN Spanning Tree

VLAN生成树

PXE

Preboot eXecution Environment

预启动执行环境

Q

 

                                          Return

QoS

Quality of Service

服务质量

R

 

                                          Return

R

Reserved

保留

RA

Router Advertisement

路由器通告

RADIUS

Remote Authentication Dial-In User Service

远程认证拨号用户服务

RD

Route Distinguisher

路由标识符

RED

Random Early Detection

随机早期检测

RIP

Routing Information Protocol

路由信息协议

RIP-2

Routing Information Protocol version 2

路由信息协议版本2

RMON

Remote Network Monitoring

远程网络监视

RP

Rendezvous Point

汇集点

RPA

Rendezvous Point Address

汇集点地址

RPF

Reverse Path Forwarding

逆向路径转发

RPL

Rendezvous Point Link

汇集点链路

RPR

Resilient Packet Ring

弹性分组环

RPT

Rendezvous Point Tree

共享树或汇集树

RRPP

Rapid Ring Protection Protocol

快速环网保护协议

RSB

Reservation State Block

预留状态块

Rsh

Remote Shell

远程外壳

RSTP

Rapid Spanning Tree Protocol

快速生成树协议

RSVP

Resource Reservation Protocol

资源预留协议

RTSP

Real Time Streaming Protocol

实时流协议

S

 

                                          Return

SA

Security Association

安全联盟

SA

Source Active

信源有效

SBM

Subnetwork Bandwidth Management

子网带宽管理

SCFF

Single Choke Fairness Frame

公平算法帧

SDH

Synchronous Digital Hierarchy

同步数字体系

SEL

NSAP Selector

有时也写成N-SEL

SFM

Source-Filtered Multicast

信源过滤组播

SFP

Small Form-factor Pluggable

小封装可热插拔

SFTP

Secure FTP

安全的FTP

SIP

Session Initiation Protocol

会话初始化协议

SLA

Service Level Agreement

服务等级协定

SM

Sparse Mode

稀疏模式

SNAP

Subnetwork Access Protocol

子网访问协议

SNMP

Simple Network Management Protocol

简单网络管理协议

SNPA

Subnetwork Point of Attachment

子网连接点

SONET

Synchronous Optical Network

光同步网络

SP

Service Provider

服务提供商

SPE

Superstratum PE or Sevice Provider-end PE

上层PE或运营商侧PE

SPF

Shortest Path First

最短路径优先

SPI

Security Parameter Index

安全参数索引

SPT

Shortest Path Tree

最短路径树

SSL

Secure Sockets Layer

安全套接字层

SSM

Source-Specific Multicast

指定信源组播

ST

Shared Tree

共享树

STP

Spanning tree protocol

生成树协议

SVC

Switched Virtual Circuit

交换虚电路

SVC

Static Virtual Circuit

静态虚拟电路

T

 

                                          Return

TC

Topology Checksum

拓扑校验和

TCI

Tag Control Information

标签控制信息

TE

Traffic Engineering

流量工程

TE

Multiprotocol Label Switching Traffic Engineering

多协议标记交换流量工程

TEDB

TE DataBase

流量工程数据库

TFTP

Trivial File Transfer Protocol

简单文件传输协议

ToS

Type of Service

服务类型

TP

Traffic Policing

流量监管

TP

Topology Protection

拓扑保护

TPID

Tag Protocol Identifier

标签协议标识符

TS

Traffic Shaping

流量整形

TTL

Time to live

生存时间

TTY

True Type Terminal

实体类型终端

TU

Tributary Unit

支路单元

U

 

                                          Return

UBR

Unspecified Bit Rate

不确定比特率

UDLD

Uni-directional Link Direction

单向链路检测

UNI

User Network Interface

用户网络接口

URPF

Unicast Reverse Path Forwarding

单播反向路径转发

USB

Universal Serial Bus

通用串行总线

UTC

Universal Time Coordinated

世界调整时间

V

 

                                          Return

VBR

Real-time Variable Bit Rate

实时可变比特率

VBR

Nonreal-time Variable Bit Rate

非实时可变比特率

VC

Virtual Circuit

虚电路

VC

Virtual Container

虚容器

VE

Virtual Ethernet

虚拟以太网

VLAN

Virtual Local Area Network

虚拟局域网

VoIP

Voice over IP

IP网络上传送语音数据

VPDN

Virtual Private Dial-up Network

虚拟私有拨号网

VPN

Virtual Private Network

虚拟专用网

VPN

Hierarchy of VPN

简称HoVPN

VPN

Virtual Private Network

虚拟私有网络

VRRP

Virtual Router Redundancy Protocol

虚拟路由器冗余协议

VTP

VLAN Trunking Protocol

VLAN中继协议

VTY

Virtual Type Terminal

虚拟类型终端

W

 

                                          Return

WAN

Wide Area Network

广域网

WFQ

Weighted Fair Queueing

加权公平队列

WINS

Windows Internet Naming Service

Windows Internet名称服务

WRED

Weighted Random Early Detection

加权随机早期检测

X

 

                                          Return

XENPAK

10-Gigabit Ethernet Transceiver Package

万兆以太网接口收发器集合封装

XFP

10-Gigabit small Form-factor Pluggable

万兆以太网接口小封装可热插拔

Z

 

                                          Return

ZBR

Zone Border Router

区域边界路由器